1 Michuki Mwangi! Regional Development Manager - Africa! ISOC! European Peering Forum (EPF) 7! Malta! Sept 2012!
2 Agenda! African Fiber Infrastructure! Status of Peering in Africa! The African Peering and Interconnection Forum (AfPIF)! Local and Regional Content Drivers! Emerging Opportunities!
3 Introduction to Africa! Over 1 Bil. Continental Population A Massive Geography Johannesburg, SA Lagos, Nigeria Cairo, Egypt Nairobi, Kenya GDP Growth is Outpacing Asia There are more middle income households in Africa than there are in India. (KPMG)
4 Steve Song Copyright CC - BY 1999
5 African Fiber Infrastructure!
6 African Fiber cables! Between 2009 and mid-2010, East Africa went from 0 submarine cable capacity to over 6 Tbps of capacity! Submarine cables reach 4.4% of Africaʼs population! 25.8Tbps of submarine cable capacity by 2012! In East Africa prices dropped from $2k $12k USD per Mbps (satellite) to $150- $600 USD per Mbps! Round trip times dropped from circa 800ms to circa 200ms!
7 Terrestrial Fiber! Increased investments by Governments and the private sector By July 2012, Africa s total inventory of terrestrial transmission networks reached 732,662-km Some regions are more aggressive than others 313m people were within reach of a fiber node Expected to reach 50% of population with completion of planned projects Cross border interconnection is still a challenge
8 Status of Peering in Africa!
9 Internet Exchange Points in Africa! 26 Internet exchange points (IXPs) in Africa of which only 20 are known to be operational 21 African Countries (39%) South Africa (3), Tanzania (2), Nigeria and Kenya (2) are countries with more than 1 IXP West Africa has the lowest number of IXPs by ratio (30%) Source: New IXPs launched in Lesotho and Sudan in 2011
10 Operational IXP distribution by Region! African IXP Distribution by Region! Indian Ocean; 5%! North Africa; 9%! Southern Africa; 43%! West Africa; 19%! East Africa; 24%! North Africa! East Africa! West Africa! Central Africa! Southern Africa! Indian Ocean! Central Africa; 0%!
11 Africaʼs IXP Aggregate Traffic! source:
12 JINX Joʼburg = 2Gbps peak! KIXP Nairobi = 1Gbps peak! CINX Cape Town = 900Mbps peak! CAIX Cairo = 300Mbps peak! NIXP Lagos = 300Mbps peak! IXP traffic levels not known IXP traffic <100Mbps IXP, radius = 100Mbps traffic
13 Internet Transit Deficit! 99% of the content consumed by Internet Users in Africa is imported! 4 Countries - Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa - contribute to 99% of Africa s local traffic! This creates an Internet traffic Trade deficit or Internet Transit Deficit where significantly less traffic is generated locally than is accessed internationally! Internet bandwidth costs will remain high until the Transit deficit is addressed!
14 Advancing the Value and Viability of IXPs in Africa! 26 IXPs in Africa Not all are at the same level of development! Most current IXPs only are between Level 1 and 2 We aim to move African IXPs Up the Curve! Level 2 Core Functionality Level 3 Catalysing Growth Level 4 Thriving, Critical Infrastructure Level 1 Boxes and Wires Level 0 No IXP
15 African Internet Exchange System (AXIS)! AXIS project supports the establishment of a continental African internet infrastructure.! The project aims to create an African internet system through setting up:! internet exchange points in 33 African countries! five regional internet hubs! five regional and three continental internet carriers! The Internet Society has been contracted by the African Union to conduct 60 capacity building workshops in 30 countries (AU Members states) without IXPs.! 30 Best Practice Workshops and community mobilization! 30 Technical Aspects workshops (hands-on)! This will help move many countries from Level 0!
16 IXP Impact Study! Most IXPs in Africa are in the Boxes and Wires Level The IXP Impact Study demonstrated the tangible values that a growing IXP can bring to the community
17 Kinshasa Internet Exchange (KINIX) Launch! The re-launch of the KINIX will take place in November 2012 in DRC! Partnership with Netnod to provide an instructor and resources for the training preceding the setup and launch! The activity is part of ISOCʼs ongoing Interconnection and Traffic Exchange (ITE) work in Africa now a part of the AXIS Project.!
18 Africa Peering and Interconnection Forum (AfPIF)!
19 AfPIF-1 East Africa! Held in Nairobi, Kenya 2 Day event Theme Unlocking Africa s regional Interconnection 100 participants from 20 countries
20 Post AfPIF-1 Developments!
21 KIXP ASN - July 2010 Distribution Based on Origin Country!
22 KIXP ASN Jan 2011 Distribution Based on Origin Country!
23 KIXP ASN 2012!
24 AfPIF-2 West Africa! Held in Accra, Ghana 2 Day event Theme Regional Interconnection Outlining the Business Case Over 120 participants from 25 Countries 20% increased sponsorship Netnod Meeting 9
25 Post AfPIF-2 Developments!
26 AfPIF-3 Southern Africa! Held in Johannesburg, South Africa New format: 3 day event (Day 1 - peering coordinators/days 2 and 3 - forum discussions) Operators from Cape-town to Cairo Theme Addressing Africa s Internet Transit Deficit Over 200 participants from 33 countries 133% increase in sponsorship 11 Sub-Sahran IXPs present Netnod Meeting 9
27 AfPIF 3 Major announcements! Agreement between 11 IXPs in Africa to work towards establishing the African IXP Association to be called AF-IX! Twining of MOZIX with Netnod under the Euro-IX twining program! Partnership between AMSIX and KIXP on IXP in Mombasa!
28 AfPIF 3 participants countries! Angola!!! Australia!! Belgium! Botswana!! Congo!!! Cote D Ivoire! DRC!!! Egypt!!! Ethiopia! France!!! Germany!! Ghana! India!!! Lesotho!!! Kenya! Malawi!!! Mauritania! Mozambique! Netherlands!! Nigeria!!! Portugal! Rwanda!! Sierra Leone!! Sweden! Switzerland!! Tanzania!! Togo! South Africa!! Uganda!!! US! UK!!! Zambia!!! Zimbabwe!
29 250! Number of participants! 200! 150! 70% increase 100! 20 % increase 50! 0! AFPIF 1! AFPIF 2! AFPIF 3!
30 35! Number of countries of the participants! 30! 25! 32% increase 20! 15! 25% increase Serie1! 10! 5! 0! AFPIF 1! AFPIF 2! AFPIF 3!
31 Local and Regional Content Drivers!
32 E-Government Services! E-Government services going online! Adoption of open-gov initiatives! The Kenya Revenue Authority, which relies on the IXP to allow online income tax reporting for citizens, as well as clearing customs for importers.! Kenya Revenue Authority average traffic level. High traffic prior to deadline of statutory annual personal tax returns
33 Africa s Mobile Revolution! 50% of Africanʼs have mobile phones! Increasing mobile penetration rates! Low cost smart-phones < $100 over 350,000 Kenyans have a smartphone! Mobile Money Services - i.e., M-PESA! Innovation Hubs that are driving mobile app development!
34 Financial Services! Online Banking is growing! Automation of National Stock Exchanges with online features! Bank expansions across the region! The dominant platform for e-transactions and e- payment in Nigeria (with over 10,000 ATMs and 11,000 POS Terminals), Interswitch, is connected to the IXP via an ISP! Source:
35 NREN Development and E-Learning! A number of countries have established their NRENs! Institutions are adopting e- learning alternatives! Education resources placed online such as exam results, registrations, etc! The West African Examination Council (WAEC) conducts two major exams in Nigeria and requires online registration is at the IXP.! NgREN and Eko-Konnect are also linked to the IXPN.! Source: TENET JINX Stats
36 CDN Caches! Implementation of Google Caches and pops has had an impact on local traffic growth! Google traffic represents more than 50% of traffic exchanged at IXPN! KIXP April 2011 Google installed a Google Global Cache (GGC) in Kenya! Google traffic represents more than 50% of traffic exchanged at KIXP! IXPN
37 Emerging Opportunities!
38 Build Regional Interconnection & Transit Hot Spots! Franco-West Africa Senegal Multiple Cable landings North-Africa Egypt Undersea Cable Crossroads Anglo-West Africa Nigeria Mulitple cable landings East Africa Kenya Multiple Cable Landings Southern Africa South Africa Multiple Cable landings
39 Regional Peering South Africa as a regional hub! JINX Johannesburg CINX Cape Town Source: Google
40 Regional Peering Nairobi as a regional hub! KIXP Nairobi Source: Google
41 Carrier Neutral Data Centers! Africaʼs total estimated raised floor data center capacity is 84,000 square meters equivalent to 39% of London s raised floor data center capacity (215,000 square meters (2011))! South Africa remains the most developed data center market in Africa! Opportunities to develop infrastructure in partnership with local entities exist in potential regional hotspots!
42 CDN Caches! According to Analysys Mason, 98% of Internet traffic now consists of content that can be cached locally on servers! There is a need for more content caches in the African region! Reduced cost of transit due to increased number of cables in the region! Increasing number of eyeballs due to growth in mobile data!
43 References! IXP Aggregate Stats Africa Bandwidth Maps Africa Submarine Cable Infrastructure and Terrestrial Fiber Africa IXP Map
44 ASANTE! Oct, 2012