1 Site Preparation Management Co., Ltd. March 1st 2013 By Nara Nonnapha, ATD UPTIME
2 2 AGENDA SESSION -1 What is Data Center? SESSION -2 Equipment and Components SESSION -3 Standard in designing Data Center SESSION -4 Professional Data Center Operation and Service (Maintenance)
3 3 NARA NONNAPHA DESIGN AND BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT, SITE PREPARATION MANAGEMENT Bachelor Electrical Engineer - University of Rhode Island, USA Data Center Experience - 6 years in Data Center Design Best Practice, Consultation, and fully study of Data Center Standards (TIA-942, BICSI002, UPTIME, and ASHRAE 9.9TC) - Electrical, Cooling, Fire Suppression, Security, Monitoring, and Planning References - Banking, Government, Telecommunications, Industries, etc.
4 4 SITE PREPARATION MANAGEMENT DESIGN AND BUILT DATA CENTER WHO IS SITEM? Mission Critical Facility Provider including Security, Monitoring, Data Center, SCADA, and Control Center 24x7 service and on duty. Complete solution for Electrical, Mechanical, Security System, Network, Fire Alarm, Fire Protection System, Building Automation System, Monitoring, and other physical security (outdoor) Largest site references in mission critical facility in Thailand.
5 5 SITE PREPARATION MANAGEMENT DESIGN AND BUILT DATA CENTER Key of Success SITEM is The leader of Professional Special Engineering & Absolutely Data Center Solution in Thailand and to be in SEA. We're 100% Thai people who establish Thai company to create innovation and technology in engineering of special application and data center field. ISO9001:2008 Certificate SITEM is certified ISO 9001:2008 standard from 2 auditors institute in scope for Design, Supply, Construction, Installation, Project Management and Maintenance of Turnkey and Facility products for Data Center, IT, Telecom, Server Room and Environment Control Area. Manufacturing of Monitoring and Detection System. We also applied and followed standard ISO for control our project management performance since 2008 to improve our project effectiveness.
6 6 SITE PREPARATION MANAGEMENT DESIGN AND BUILT DATA CENTER OUR TEAM
7 7 WHAT IS DATA CENTER A facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems. It generally includes redundant or backup power supplies, redundant data communications connections, environmental controls (e.g., air conditioning, fire suppression) and security devices. One of the main concerns is business continuity; companies rely on their information systems to run their operations. If a system becomes unavailable, company operations may be impaired or stopped completely. It is necessary to provide a reliable infrastructure for IT operations, in order to minimize any chance of disruption. Information security is also a concern, and for this reason a data center has to offer a secure environment which minimizes the chances of a security breach. A data center must therefore keep high standards for assuring the integrity and functionality of its hosted computer environment. This is accomplished through redundancy of both fiber optic cables and power, which includes emergency backup power generation. Credit:
8 8 WHAT IS DATA CENTER A facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems. It generally includes redundant or backup power supplies, redundant data communications connections, environmental controls (e.g., air conditioning, fire suppression) and security devices. One of the main concerns is business continuity; companies rely on their information systems to run their operations. If a system becomes unavailable, company operations may be impaired or stopped completely. It is necessary to provide a reliable infrastructure for IT operations, in order to minimize any chance of disruption. Information security is also a concern, and for this reason a data center has to offer a secure environment which minimizes the chances of a security breach. A data center must therefore keep high standards for assuring the integrity and functionality of its hosted computer environment. This is accomplished through redundancy of both fiber optic cables and power, which includes emergency backup power generation.
9 9 DATA CENTER AROUND THE WORLD Credit:
10 10 Equipment and Components Electrical Transformer, Switchgear, Main Distribution Board, UPS, Battery, cable, busduct, wireway, conduit, breaker, PDU, BCMS (Branch Circuit Monitoring System), Mechanical Chiller, Pump, Condenser, Cooling Tower, AHU, CRAC (Computer Room Air Conditioning), CRAH (Computer Room Air Handling), Refrigerant pipe, Chilled Water pipe, etc. Fire Protection System Sprinkler, Water Mist System, Gas Suppression System, ASD (Aspiration Smoke Detection System), Monitoring System BAS (Building Automation System), EMS (Environmental Monitoring System), DCiM (Data Center Infrastructure Management System), Water Leak Detection System, Video Wall, etc. Security System CCTV (Closed Circuit Television), Access Control, Security IT Room, Data Safe, Bollard, Road Blocker, Turnstile, Mantrap door, revolving door, Under Vehicle Inspection System, and X-Ray machine Architecture and Civil work Raised Floor, Wall, door, windows, and ceiling Network System Cabling, Computer Rack, and tracking system
11 MAJOR COMPONENT 11 UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply) Static UPS - No Movement of components - Use battery to supply power during shortage of utility - Normally backup time minute - Traditional and most popular Solution for Data Center Dynamic UPS - Moving Part - Use Flywheel to supply power during shortage of utility - Normally back up time 15 seconds - New trend of technology, not commonly used in Data Center but more efficient, save energy
12 MAJOR COMPONENT 12 UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply) WHY FLYWHEEL? - More Efficient - No need for cooling - Less space Installation - Less Maintenance Credit:
13 MAJOR COMPONENT 13 COMPUTER ROOM AIR CONDITIONING (CRAC) Supply Cold Air for Data Center Control Temperature and Humidity according to recommended set point at Celsius and 45-65% RH Downflow or Upflow (more efficient using downflow) Chilled Water and Air Cooled System (Save energy to use Chilled Water)
14 MAJOR COMPONENT 14 COMPUTER ROOM AIR CONDITIONING (CRAC) Credit:
15 15 COMPONENTS INSIDE CRAC UNIT Third generation CyberAir includes additional efficiency features: Optimization of the EC Fan Introduction of a compound fan wheel. Reduction of the fan power supply up to 15% compared with traditional EC fan technology plus reduction of the sound pressure level up to 5dB(A) Introduction of brushless DC compressors in close control air conditioning units Optimized part load behavior for indirect free cooling systems: Cooling capacity 17%-100% for single circuit units Cooling capacity 8,5%-100% for dual circuit units Operating cost savings up to 25% compared to DFC Systems Optional offering of a deeper rear panel additional reduction of the fan power consumption up to 20%
16 MAJOR COMPONENT 16 COMMON LAYOUT OF DATA CENTER
17 MAJOR COMPONENT 17 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM SPRINKLER Water Mist System Gas Suppression System - FM IG IG-55 - IG-541 NOVEC CO2 Aerosol
18 MAJOR COMPONENT 18 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM
19 MAJOR COMPONENT 19 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM Credit:
20 MAJOR COMPONENT 20 ASPIRATION SMOKE DETECTOR Detects smoke at early stage Some users may call EARLY WARNING System To detect smoke in order to prevent gas system to discharge or water to discharge User may know and be notified at early time and become aware of the room risk of having fire.
21 MAJOR COMPONENT 21 ASPIRATION SMOKE DETECTOR Credit:
22 MAJOR COMPONENT 22 MONITORING SYSTEM Building Automation System VISIBILITY Enhanced User Experience 1 2 Plant Energy Essentials & Chiller Plant Automation FLEXIBILITY 3 Hardware & Software Updates 4 CONNECTIVITY Enhanced Wireless Capabilities SECURITY Security & Fire Safety 5 6 SUSTAINABILITY Connect to Smart Phone
23 MAJOR COMPONENT 23 MONITORING SYSTEM Data Center Infrastructure Management (DCiM) Temperature Humidity Pressure Leak Detection Dry Contact Equip Status CW BTU Power Particle Count
24 Rack/Cabinet Temperature & Humidity DCiM CRAC/CRAH Temperature & Humidity For Supply and Return Panel Power Energy or Current PDU Branch Circuit Monitoring CONFIDENTIAL Subfloor Pressure Differential Cooling Pipes Flow & Temperature
25 MAJOR COMPONENT 25 MONITORING SYSTEM Water Leak Detection System WATER LEAK DETECTOR - Detects water - Protect area such as raised floor and ceiling or shaft - Specify location of detection or leakage of water - Accuracy for easy use and monitoring - Touch screen or monitor via smart phone - Remote monitoring
26 MAJOR COMPONENT 26 ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS BCMS (BRANCH CIRCUIT MONITORING SYTEM) - Measure power and current of each circuit of computer rack - Monitor and set alarm for each circuit - Energy Billing for Co-Location Data Center Power Strip with IP BCMS
27 MAJOR COMPONENT NETWORK AND CABLING 27 CABLING - Optical Fiber - UTP COMPUTER RACK - Standard Rack - Special Rack TRACKING DEVICE
28 MAJOR COMPONENT NETWORK AND CABLING 28 Credit:
29 MAJOR COMPONENT 29 VIDEO WALL Consists of many screens Shows many applications at one time such as Server, Video, CCTV, BAS, Application, etc. LCD, LED, and DLP Technology
30 MAJOR COMPONENT 30 VIDEO WALL Credit:
31 MAJOR COMPONENT 31 SECURITY Outdoor - Folding Gate - Gate Barrier - UVIS - Bollard - Road Blocker - Car Park Management Indoor - Revolving door - Turnstile - X-Ray Machine - Mantrap door - CCTV - Access Control
32 MAJOR COMPONENT SECURITY 32
33 33 STANDARDS IN DESIGNING DATA CENTER TIA-942 BICSI002 UPTIME TUV
34 MAJOR STANDARDS BICSI AND TIA-942 by ANSI 34 Principles - Specify the minimum requirements for telecommunications infrastructure of data centers and computer rooms including single tenant enterprise data centers and multi-tenant Internet hosting data centers. - Identify types of Data Center - Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 3, and Tier 4 - Non-Profitable organization
35 MAJOR STANDARDS TIER 1 according to TIA Utility ATS Generator Electrical Distribution Mechanical Switchgear UPS PDU Non Critical Load AIR CON Critical Load
36 MAJOR STANDARDS TIER 2 according to TIA Utility ATS Generator Generator Electrical Distribution Static Bypass UPS UPS Mechanical Switchgear PDU Non Critical Load AIR CON AIR CON Critical Load
37 MAJOR STANDARDS TIER 3 according to TIA Utility Electrical Distribution ATS Generator Generator Electrical Distribution Static Bypass Output Dist. Board Mechanical Switchgear Air Condition (Redundant) Mechanical Switchgear Static Bypass UPS UPS Output Distribution Board PDU PDU Critical Load
38 TIER 4 according to TIA Utility Utility Generator Generator ATS Generator ATS Generator Electrical Distribution Electrical Distribution Static Bypass Mechanical Switchgear Mechanical Switchgear Static Bypass UPS UPS UPS UPS Air Condition (Redundant) Output Distribution Board Output Distribution Board PDU Critical Load PDU
39 MAJOR STANDARDS UPTIME INSTITUTE 39 Principles - Equip design professionals, data center operators, and non-technical managers with an objective and effective means for identifying the anticipated performance of different data center site infrastructure design topologies. - First institute to identify Tier level - Tier I, Tier II, Tier III, and Tier IV - Profitable Organization - Many type of Data Center services: Design Certification, Construction Certification, Site Analysis, Operational Sustainability, ATD (Accredited Tier Designer), and ATS (Accredited Tier Specialist).
40 MAJOR STANDARDS TIER 1 according to UPTIME Main Distribution A Air Distribution A Computer Room Cooling A Utility Chilled Water Plant A House Power A Gen N Engine Generator System Capacity UPS Input Bus A UPS System A N UPS System Capacity Critical Distribution Bus A
41 MAJOR STANDARDS TIER 2 according to UPTIME Main Distribution A Air Distribution A Computer Room Cooling A Utility Chilled Water Plant A Gen House Power A Gen N+ Engine Generator System Capacity UPS Input Bus A UPS System A N+ UPS System Capacity (minimum) Critical Distribution Bus A
42 MAJOR STANDARDS TIER 3 according to UPTIME Main Distribution A Air Distribution A Computer Room Cooling A Utility Chilled Water Plant A House Power A Gen Gen UPS Input Bus A UPS System A Computer Room Cooling B Critical Distribution Bus A Critical Distribution Bus B Air Distribution B Chilled Water Plant B House Power B
43 Fault Tolerant Electrical Backbone Air Distribution A Main Distribution A Computer Room Cooling A Utility Chilled Water Plant A House Power A Gen UPS Input Bus A UPS System A Critical Distribution Bus A Gen Air Distribution B Main Distribution B Computer Room Cooling B Utility Chilled Water Plant B House Power B UPS Input Bus B UPS System B Critical Distribution Bus B
44 44 Data Center Operation and Service IMPORTANCE OF DATA CENTER MAINTENANCE - Data Center owners, operators, managers and IT people should be aware of the prioritized behaviors and risks intrinsic to Data Center operations. - Adherence to the recommended behaviors will assist in attaining the full performance potential of the installed infrastructure. - UPTIME provide Data Center Maintenance or Operation Certification - BIG PICTURE -> LONG LIVE DATA CENTER (SUSTAINABILITY)!
45 45 Data Center Operation and Service Level of Data Center Operational Sustainability - GOLD - SILVER - BRONZE A GOOD SOLID DESIGNED DATA CENTER MAY NOT HAVE GOOD OPERATION AND SHORT LIFE OF AVAILABILITY!
46 46 Data Center Operation and Service WHAT TO LOOK AT - Management & Operations (Staff and Organization, Maintenance, Training, and Planning, Coordination, and Management) - Building Characteristics (Building features, Infrastructure, Operating Conditions, and Pre Operational) - Site Location (Natural Disasters and Man-Made Disasters)
47 47 Q & A Nara Nonnapha SITE PREPARATION MANAGEMENT Mobile: