1 Cloud Chasing 101: Planning And Preparing For Your Move To Cloud Collaboration Marie L. Scott Virginia Commonwealth University
2 Agenda Introduction Why are organizations moving to the cloud? Planning and preparing for a cloud implementation Once the cloud is in place now what? Q&A
3 Everyone seems to be chasing after the cloud.
4 But do you want to really chase something you know very little about?
5 Will your organization or company need more staff or equipment?
6 And of course you definitely want to avoid this sort of cloud
7 Gartner says: By YE2012, Cloud Collaboration Services [CECS] at 10% penetration will have 'passed the tipping point,' with broad scale adoption under way. By 2020, CECS market growth will level off as it approaches 70%. As the market evolves, enterprises need to develop their strategy and approach to CECS. Source: Gartner: The Cloud and Collaboration Services Market ID:G , July 2010
8 I don t have a crystal ball like Gartner
9 But I do have an umbrella and wellies!
10 Agenda Introduction Why are organizations moving to the cloud? Planning and preparing for a cloud implementation Once the cloud is in place now what? Q&A
11 Cloud Computing What is it? Why are organizations moving to the cloud? Why might moving to the cloud be a good thing for you?
12 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Definition of Cloud Computing Essential characteristics On-demand self-service Broad network access Resource pooling Rapid elasticity Measured service Service Models Cloud software as a service (SaaS) Cloud platform as a service (PaaS) Cloud infrastructure as a service (IaaS) Deployment models Private cloud Community cloud Public cloud Hybrid cloud Resource: NIST Definition of Cloud Computing v15
13 Examples Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) Amazon Web Services, IBM SmartCloud Software as a Service (SaaS) Salesforce.com, Intuit Quickbooks Online Platform as a Service (PaaS) Google App Engine, Force.com Public Cloud Infrastructure and/or platform is available to the general public and is owned and operated by the vendor selling cloud services. Private Cloud Infrastructure and/or platform is operated for one organization. It may be on-premises or off-premises and may be managed by the organization or a third party vendor. Hybrid Cloud A blend of both public and private clouds.
14 Why do organizations move to Clouds? Because technology is changing at ever-increasing pace Cloud systems are scalable and flexible Simplifies IT management Long-term savings Clouds are green
15 Why would this be a good thing for you? Learn something new! Bosses love innovation! Retooling to focus on projects that need your attention No more late night calls about hardware or software failures Do you really love applying patches?
16 Why might you see the cloud as a threat? You've worked to build a Domino environment! You have lots of sweat equity invested in Notes/Domino. Notes/Domino is your comfort zone the clouds are well...out there! You know the people who manage your data centers, you won't have that long standing relationship in the cloud. Ultimately you might feel that your job is at risk!
17 Why might you see the cloud as a threat? And what about loss of control?
18 Agenda Introduction Why are organizations moving to the cloud? Planning and preparing for a cloud implementation Once the cloud is in place now what? Q&A
19 Begin by taking a look at your current environment Let's assume you have the following: IBM Lotus Domino, IBM Lotus Notes clients, IBM Lotus Sametime, IBM Lotus Quickr, IBM Lotus Notes Traveler You've customized your environment: Domino Directory, mail template, room reservation database, custom Domino applications You integrate with: LDAP or Active Directory Account creation/management system in place You're using ID Vault or DAOS Your users have archives You may have users connected with non-lotus mobile services (RIM Blackberry Enterprise Server, etc.)
20 How do you choose a cloud vendor? Research and do your homework Shop around Ask other customers Take advantage of pilot or 30-day trial offers Consider what collaboration services you want to include in the cloud Create a checklist this will be useful for your RFP or other purchasing process. What type of cloud? Public, Private, Hybrid? Will you need application space?
21 A Cloud Project Treat this as you would any other project in your organization Ask for a project sponsor Mission statement what is to be accomplished? What is the time frame? Look out for project creeps! Set up different teams to review requirements (include IT, legal, user groups)
22 Consider a Pilot Project First! Try it before you buy it! Sample those services you would plan to implement Review the vendor contract Does it fit your legal requirements? Can you make changes? What about the SLA? A pilot is a good opportunity to test service availability! Decide on scope of pilot project What are you going to test? Who will be included? (don't include senior management!!) Duration of test?
23 How will you get all that into a cloud? Will you have options for customization? What about security? Should you move all of your users? What about instant messaging, or mobile users? What about IMAP or POP3 clients? Data migration options
24 Review your current environment: Networking What about your intranet and your extranet? Will you need to make any rule changes to your firewall? Do you require users to access any systems through a VPN? Will you need to consider any changes to your wireless infrastructure? Will the cloud systems require any additional network ports? Will you need to consider any changes to your network architecture for redundancy What about the vendor's network? Do they use network encryption for all traffic? Do they use any sort of packet-shaping or throttling mechanism for scaling back usage when loads are high? Is there any limit on the number of users who can be logged in at one time?
25 Data Security and Availability What type of encryption is used? Ask for evidence from the cloud vendor that they can backup/restore data Where is your data located? Are you sharing physical storage with other companies? Who has access to your data? What type of logging on the vendor side is performed? Remember full access administrator is there an equivalent in the cloud system? What happens to your data if the cloud vendor goes out of business? What types of systems are in place so the vendor might determine if an outage is occurring (e.g., drive failure, other hardware failure).
26 E-discovery and Audits How often have you as an administrator been pulled into an investigation? Domino databases were easy to process! How will investigations be handled in your cloud? Review your policies governing access to data Who should have access? Does the cloud allow for access or do you have to program via an API or third party software? What about auditors? If a system audit is required, how will it be performed? Does the vendor have data center certification, and what level? Does the cloud match what is required for your regulatory compliance?
27 User access and usability How will users access their and related services? Web Client Mobile devices IMAP or POP3? Offline access Will their password be stored within your federated identity system or within the cloud? Is the password used for any other system? How can it be reset? What training is available from the vendor for the users? Can users customize their interface (name, location)? Is there policy-based management for user groups?
28 Staffing Will you need fewer staff when you move to the cloud? It depends! If you've invested in your IT staff, why wouldn't you keep them? Retrain and retool Some things never change! Users still require assistance. Systems require monitoring/configuring. If you're migrating data to the cloud staff will be required to do the work and ease the transition for users.
29 Identity Security Instead of the safe confines of your firewall and intranet, you're moving user accounts to the cloud Should you be worried? What about password control? Where is the password stored? Does the password strength comply with your existing standards? What about federated identity management? Do you have an existing system? Do you need one? What about SAML, Oauth or Openid? Will these work with the cloud?
30 Account Management Consider how you create and manage accounts currently Will those processes need to change or should they change? Should every user be moved to the cloud? You don't have to move everyone. Consider moving those users who might be a lesser risk like kiosk or temporary employees. Don't move the senior staff first! No matter what they say! Review your account retention policies You don't keep accounts forever now you won't want to keep them forever in the cloud or will you? How are accounts added to the cloud? Will you have to write code to fit an API? Does the cloud vendor provide tools to add/manage/delete accounts? Who can create or delete accounts? Can a deleted account be restored, and by whom? Is there delegated authority? How easy is it to add accounts after you've reached your theoretical user limit?
31 Antivirus/Antispam What vendor is used? Do you have control of the configuration for your own cloud space? Can rules be set up if you need to block specific attachment types to match your existing domain policies? Can you configure your own whitelists/blacklists? How often are spam definitions updated? Who determines what is spam you or the cloud vendor? Can you make configuration changes so that SMTP routing fits with your existing SMTP mail routing?
32 Related Items Will your cloud require a new domain name? Will your users require a new address? What if you have a redirection system that provides an alias? Can you integrate with that system? What about mass mailings both internal and external (if you use a mailing service)?
33 Directories You're spoiled rotten by the Domino Directory You've customized (admit it, you have!) You can add views any time you want! It integrates with other directories (LDAP, AD) You can connect it with other Domino organizations You can use the names.nsf template to build person data stores What about in the cloud? Will your users have a directory or will they have to manage their own contact list? What about groups? How are they managed? Is there a tool for updating them? Can access to a directory be delegated? Can departments or help desk staff make changes to the directory?
34 Location, Location, Location Where is the cloud data center(s)? Do you have a requirement for the data to be located in the same country? Will the vendor notify you if they move their data center? Will your user data be located in the same place? Should you care?
35 Disk Storage or User Space How much per individual user and for how long? What happens when a user reaches the space maximum? Can you purchase more space? What about archiving? Is an archiving solution available? Once data is archived, is it available to your users? How long is it available? Fixed-time or forever?
36 Data Backups and Restores How is your cloud data backed up? What is the methodology? Should you care? Can you request a data restore? What is the methodology? Is there an additional fee? Can users initiate a request themselves? What happens to the data when it is deleted? Is it really GONE?
37 Migration How important is it to migrate your users' data? What data should you migrate? Contacts Calendar/Schedule/Room Reservation/To-do s Archived Mail Rules Does the vendor provide a migration tool with the cloud fee or do you have pay extra? What are your options for migrating data? Vendor provides a tool Third party vendors provide tools In-house written tool per API Will you require additional server hardware to migrate data?
38 More on Migration What about the network bottleneck? Is there any limit on the number of threads you can be running to migrate data? How will you know if there are? What if the network drops while you're in the middle of a migration? What about when you load accounts for the first time? How many accounts can be created at one time? What happens if there are errors? Does the vendor scan for viruses when data is uploaded?
39 Perhaps it's time to clean house? If you are planning to migrate data, perhaps this would be a good time to ask users to review what they are keeping Does it comply with policies and standards regarding retention? Do you have a backup of data prior to it being migrated or deleted? What if large attachments can't be migrated? Now what? Should they be stored elsewhere in the cloud? Check with the legal staff (again) What needs to kept and what needs to be deleted? Do you really need that from ten years ago? When was the last time you ran a anti-virus scan on the data?
40 Cloud Administration How is your cloud administered? Do you access an administration panel from the web or from a client? Who has access? What type of security is used? Where is the password stored? Is there delegated levels of authority? How do you request vendor assistance? Do you have a support number? What is the expected response time? How are you notified about a service outage? Will you be notified when a problem is corrected? How will users be notified of an outage? Dashboard
41 Your Help Desk and the Cloud How will your Help Desk support your users in the cloud? Will they need access to the administration panel? Will they perform password resets? Will they open tickets with the cloud vendor for user questions? What training will your Help Desk require to support the cloud? Will their role change?
42 User Training Will your users require training for their new cloud environment? What about migrated data or lack of migrated data? Should you provide access to two systems for a short period of time? Will their client, web or mobile access change? If so, then consider that you ll need to update your documentation and provide training especially with regards to password security, and internet configuration (web, network) What about users' expectations of cloud service? Should you provide information about how to check for cloud availability? What if they notice a problem? Who should they contact? You, the help desk, or the cloud vendor?
43 Agenda Introduction Why are organizations moving to the cloud? Planning and preparing for a cloud implementation Once the cloud is in place now what? Q&A
44 Why you should care about SLAs Your enterprise will be doing its business from the cloud Is 99.9% good enough? Ask your legal staff to review the contract and SLA with your cloud vendor Be sure that it fits your legal requirements (including any national or international requirements) If there's something that needs to be changed work with the vendor to change it! What if the vendor doesn't provide the guaranteed uptime? What are the courses of action you as a customer can take? You should monitor the cloud Remember -- It's your money! It's your data!
45 The Bottlenecks and Land Mines Your Intranet and Extranet How much bandwidth is each cloud application consuming? How are they responding to spikes in network service? How will you respond to network outages or slowdowns? Will additional equipment or software be required to monitor the network? How are you managing any issues with accounts or passwords? How is your VPN or wireless network responding to the load? Identity management Where will the password be stored? Cloud Federated Identity Management How are password resets to be managed? Self-service
46 Don't Neglect your Disaster Recovery Plan You need to plan for outages: Network Identity management Cloud system Individual components Consider what you would do if: What if the cloud is down for days? How will do you contact the cloud vendor? Can do you get data out of the cloud? How would do communicate with IT staff and users?
47 In summary Consider doing a pilot or proof of concept pilot first to confirm this is really a good step for your company. This is your business and your data be sure you're in your security comfort zone. Ask lots and lots of questions, and request changes to any contractual agreements so that the cloud fits you. Be creative clouds come in all shapes and sizes One cloud does not fit all!
48 Remember There s no place like home.
49 Additional Resources Cloud Computing: The Next Generation of Outsourcing, Ben Pring, Gartner Research, ID G , November Hype Cycle for Cloud Computing, 2010, David Mitchell Smith, Gartner Research, ID G , July Criteria for Government to Evaluate Cloud Computing, Andrea Di Maio, et al., Gartner Research, ID G , May Cloud Security Guidance IBM Recommendations for the Implementation of Cloud Security SAML Knowledgebase: Collaboration in the Cloud: How Cross-Bound Collaboration is Transforming Business Erik van Ommeren, et al., Microsoft Sogeti 2009 Cloud and Collaboration Services Market, Tom Austin, Gartner Research, ID G , July 2010.
50 Agenda Introduction Why are organizations moving to the cloud? Planning and preparing for a cloud implementation Once the cloud is in place now what? Q&A
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