The Basics of Accounting ACCT 201

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Basics of Accounting ACCT 201"

Transcription

1 The Basics of Accounting ACCT 201

2 Content Accounting definition Accounting equation Accounting elements Asset, Liabilities, & Equity Transactions Accounts Receivable vs Accounts Payable Retained Earnings Questions

3 Accounting is an information system that reports on economic activities and financial conditions. Financial Accounting Managerial Accounting

4 Accounting Equation Assets = Liabilities + Equity

5 Accounting Elements

6 Assets Assets are the resources that a business uses to produce earnings.a company will receive assets from a previous transaction or event. Examples include cash, investments, accounts receivable, inventory, supplies, land, buildings, equipment, and vehicles. Assets + -

7 Assets example Company ABC buys land for $50,000 in cash. Assets = Liabilities + Equity Cash + Supplies = Accounts Payable Retained Earnings

8 Assets Examples Company ABC buys land for $50,000 in cash. Assets = Liabilities + Equity Cash + Land = Accounts Payable Retained Earnings ($50,000) $50, = 0 0

9 Assets: Examples Company ABC buys land for $50,000 in cash. Debit: Land $50,000 Credit: Cash $50,000 Assets Cash Land ($50,000) $50,000

10 Liabilities Liabilities are obligations of a company or organization. To fulfill the obligation a company can give up some of its assets, provide services to the creditor or replace the obligation for another. Liabilities often have the word "payable" in the account title. Liabilities - +

11 Liabilities example Company ABC purchased equipment on account for $2,000. Assets = Liabilities + Equity Cash + Supplies = Accounts Payable Retained Earnings

12 Liabilities example Cash + Assets = Liabilities + Equity Supplies = Accounts Payable - $2,000 $2, $2,000 = $2,000 0 Retained Earnings

13 Liabilities Company ABC purchased equipment on account for $2,000. Debit: Supplies $2,000 Credit: Accounts Payable $2,000 Assets Supplies Liabilities Accounts Payable $2,000 $2,000

14 Equity Equity is an investor's claim on a company. Includes stockholders' equity, owner's equity, or a nonprofit organization's net assets. Equity - +

15 Equity example Company ABC s issued common stock worth $80,000 Assets = Liabilities + Equity Cash + Supplies = Accounts Payable Common Stock

16 Equity example Company ABC s issued common stock worth $80,000 Assets = Liabilities + Equity Cash + Supplies = Accounts Payable Common Stock $80,000 = $80,000

17 Equity example Company ABC s issued common stock worth $80,000 Debit: Cash $80,000 Credit: Common Stock $80,000 Asset Cash Equity Common Stock $80,000 $80,000

18 Asset, Liabilities, & Equity Transactions

19 Example 1 Company ABC received $65,000 cash by leasing furniture to customers. Assets = Liabilities + Equity Cash + Supplies = Accounts Payable Retained Earnings

20 Example 1 Company ABC received $65,000 cash by leasing furniture to customers. Assets = Liabilities + Equity Cash + Supplies = Accounts Payable Retained Earnings $65, $65,000 Which account under retained earnings is being used in this example?

21 Example 2 Company ABC borrowed $200,000 cash. Assets = Liabilities + Equity Cash + Supplies = Notes Payable Retained Earnings

22 Example 2 Company ABC borrowed $200,000 cash. Assets = Liabilities + Equity Cash + Supplies = Notes Payable $200,000 $200,00 Retained Earnings

23 Example 3 Company ABC paid $2,000 of cash dividends to the owners Assets = Liabilities + Equity Cash + Supplies = Notes Payable Retained Earnings

24 Example 3 Company ABC paid $2,000 of cash dividends to the owners Assets = Liabilities + Equity Cash + Supplies = Notes Payable Retained Earnings ($2,000) ($2,000) Which account under retained earnings is being used in this example?

25 Accounts Payable vs. Accounts Receivable

26 Accounts Receivable Is an asset that results from sellings goods and services. Its money owed to the company from clients that haven't paid the company yet. The company should expect this money in the near future.

27 Accounts Payable Is the amount of money the company owes for services or goods they purchased from another company. This money is credited till the company can pay the other company for the goods and services they purchased.

28 Examples of Accounts Payable & Accounts Receivable

29 Company ABC incurred $3,000 of other operating expenses on account.

30 Accounts Payable

31 Company ABC incurred $3,000 of other operating expenses on account. Assets = Liabilities + Equity Cash + Supplies = Accounts Payable Retained Earnings $3,000 ($3,000)

32 E1-5 Company ABC provides gardening services worth $2,000 for their client. Company ABC completed the services and the client performed for the services on account.

33 Accounts Receivable

34 Company ABC provides gardening services worth $2,000 for their client. Company ABC completed the services and the client performed for the services on account. Assets = Liabilities + Equity Cash + Accounts Receivable = Accounts Payable Retained Earnings $2,000 $2,000

35 Company ABC collected $1,500 cash from client in partial payment of their services. (services have been completed)

36 Accounts Receivable

37 Company ABC collected $1,500 cash from client in partial payment of their services. (services have been completed) Assets = Liabilities + Equity Cash + Accounts Receivable = $1,500 ($1,500) Accounts Payable Retained Earnings

38 Retained Earnings Expenses Revenues Matched with revenues Debit Balance recognized when the service or good is delivered Credit balance Ending Balance Retained Earnings = Beginning balance retained earnings + Net Income - Dividends Net Income = Revenues - Expenses

39 STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY RETAINED EARNINGS + Common stock Revenues Expenses Dividends

40 Questions?

FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING. Robert Libby Patricia A. Libby Daniel G. Short. Irwin/McGraw-Hill

FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING. Robert Libby Patricia A. Libby Daniel G. Short. Irwin/McGraw-Hill FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING Robert Libby Patricia A. Libby Daniel G. Short Chapter 1 Financial Statements and Business Decisions The Objectives of Financial Accounting Financial statements are the primary means

More information

Authored for ENMU Tutoring Services. By Jessica Huff

Authored for ENMU Tutoring Services. By Jessica Huff By Jessica Huff The standard accounting equation is Assets=Liabilities + Stockholders Equity. Depending on which item someone is looking at will determine what the normal balance is. The normal balance

More information

Stock Dividends. Stock Dividends and Stock Splits. Amount of Stock Dividend. Created in 2006 By Michael Worthington Elizabeth City State University

Stock Dividends. Stock Dividends and Stock Splits. Amount of Stock Dividend. Created in 2006 By Michael Worthington Elizabeth City State University Stock Dividends and Stock Splits Created in 2006 By Michael Worthington Elizabeth City State University Stock Dividends Stock Dividends consist of additional shares of issued to current stockholders (instead

More information

Financial Statements Tutorial

Financial Statements Tutorial Financial Statement Review: Financial Statements Tutorial There are four major financial statements used to communicate information to external users (creditors, investors, suppliers, etc.) - 1. Balance

More information

LIABILITIES. Liabilities are claims against your Assets. They are something that you have to repay to someone else.

LIABILITIES. Liabilities are claims against your Assets. They are something that you have to repay to someone else. Accounting 101 ASSETS An Asset is something that you own, that has value, and will generate a future benefit. Assets are good. Eg.) Cash, accounts receivable, GST receivable, inventory, equipment, land,

More information

Chapter 1. Introduction to Accounting and Business

Chapter 1. Introduction to Accounting and Business 1 Chapter 1 Introduction to Accounting and Business Learning Objective 1 Describe the nature of a business, the role of accounting, and ethics in business. Nature of Business and Accounting A business

More information

GBA 521 Midterm Review Dr. Markelevich

GBA 521 Midterm Review Dr. Markelevich GBA 521 Midterm Review Dr. Markelevich Multiple Choice (3 points for each question) Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Wynn Corp. Wynn Corp. reported

More information

Statement of Change in Working Capital & Inflows/Outflows of Working Capital

Statement of Change in Working Capital & Inflows/Outflows of Working Capital HOSP 2110 (Management Acct) Learning Centre Statement of Change in Working Capital & Inflows/Outflows of Working Capital The statement of changes in working capital shows the net change in working capital

More information

TRANSACTIONS ANALYSIS EXAMPLE. Maxwell Partners Medical Diagnostic Services report the following information for 2011, their first year of operations:

TRANSACTIONS ANALYSIS EXAMPLE. Maxwell Partners Medical Diagnostic Services report the following information for 2011, their first year of operations: TRANSACTIONS ANALYSIS EXAMPLE Maxwell Partners Medical Diagnostic Services report the following information for 2011, their first year of operations: 1. Billings to clients for services provided: $350,000

More information

COMPONENTS OF THE STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

COMPONENTS OF THE STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS ILLUSTRATION 24-1 OPERATING, INVESTING, AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES COMPONENTS OF THE STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES + Sales and Service Revenue Received Cost of Sales Paid Selling

More information

* * * Chapter 15 Accounting & Financial Statements. Copyright 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

* * * Chapter 15 Accounting & Financial Statements. Copyright 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter 15 Accounting & Financial Statements Copyright 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall Bookkeeping vs. Accounting Bookkeeping Accounting The recording of business transactions.

More information

Statement of Cash Flows

Statement of Cash Flows HOSP 2110 (Management Acct) Learning Centre Statement of Cash Flows The Statement of Cash Flows (or cash flow statement) is one of the main financial statements used by investors. It shows the cash generated

More information

Authorization and Issuance. Of capital stock

Authorization and Issuance. Of capital stock Authorization and Issuance Of capital stock Authorized Shares The maximum number of shares Of capital stock that can be sold to the public Authorized Shares Issued Shares are authorized shares of stock

More information

Adjusting and Closing Entries

Adjusting and Closing Entries Adjusting and Closing Entries Adjusting and Closing entries tend to be difficult to grasp at first. A reason for this might be due to the type of transactions requiring adjustment, which tend to be unfamiliar.

More information

Statement of Cash Flows

Statement of Cash Flows THE CONTENT AND VALUE OF THE STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS The cash flow statement reconciles beginning and ending cash by presenting the cash receipts and cash disbursements of an enterprise for an accounting

More information

14. Calculating Total Cash Flows.

14. Calculating Total Cash Flows. 14. Calculating Total Cash Flows. Greene Co. shows the following information on its 2008 income statement: Sales = $138,000 Costs = $71,500 Other expenses = $4,100 Depreciation expense = $10,100 Interest

More information

The Accounting Equation & Transaction Analysis

The Accounting Equation & Transaction Analysis HOSP 1860 (Financial Acct) Learning Centre The Accounting Equation & Transaction Analysis A business must always have a balance between what it owns and what it owes. This is shown by the basic accounting

More information

A Simple Model. The Accounting Equation

A Simple Model. The Accounting Equation An introduction to the accounting equation in the context of building a financial model. This series introduces the financial statements in the context of a financial model. NOTES TO ACCOMPANY VIDEOS These

More information

Accounts Payable are the total amounts your business owes its suppliers for goods and services purchased.

Accounts Payable are the total amounts your business owes its suppliers for goods and services purchased. Accounts Payable are the total amounts your business owes its suppliers for goods and services purchased. Accounts Receivable are the total amounts customers owe your business for goods or services sold

More information

E2-2: Identifying Financing, Investing and Operating Transactions?

E2-2: Identifying Financing, Investing and Operating Transactions? E2-2: Identifying Financing, Investing and Operating Transactions? Listed below are eight transactions. In each case, identify whether the transaction is an example of financing, investing or operating

More information

Guide to Financial Statements Study Guide

Guide to Financial Statements Study Guide Guide to Financial Statements Study Guide Overview (Topic 1) Three major financial statements: The Income Statement The Balance Sheet The Cash Flow Statement Objectives: Explain the underlying equation

More information

Learning Objectives: Quick answer key: Question # Multiple Choice True/False. 14.1 Describe the important of accounting and financial information.

Learning Objectives: Quick answer key: Question # Multiple Choice True/False. 14.1 Describe the important of accounting and financial information. 0 Learning Objectives: 14.1 Describe the important of accounting and financial information. 14.2 Differentiate between managerial and financial accounting. 14.3 Identify the six steps of the accounting

More information

Accounting Self Study Guide for Staff of Micro Finance Institutions

Accounting Self Study Guide for Staff of Micro Finance Institutions Accounting Self Study Guide for Staff of Micro Finance Institutions LESSON 2 The Balance Sheet OBJECTIVES The purpose of this lesson is to introduce the Balance Sheet and explain its components: Assets,

More information

ICAP GROUP S.A. FINANCIAL RATIOS EXPLANATION

ICAP GROUP S.A. FINANCIAL RATIOS EXPLANATION ICAP GROUP S.A. FINANCIAL RATIOS EXPLANATION OCTOBER 2006 Table of Contents 1. INTRODUCTION... 3 2. FINANCIAL RATIOS FOR COMPANIES (INDUSTRY - COMMERCE - SERVICES) 4 2.1 Profitability Ratios...4 2.2 Viability

More information

CHAPTER 2 ACCOUNTING FOR TRANSACTIONS

CHAPTER 2 ACCOUNTING FOR TRANSACTIONS CHAPTER 2 ACCOUNTING FOR TRANSACTIONS Key Terms and Concepts to Know Double entry accounting: Debits and Credits Total debits must always equal total credits Accounting Books: Accounts General Journal

More information

SETTING UP YOUR BUSINESS ACCOUNTING SYSTEM

SETTING UP YOUR BUSINESS ACCOUNTING SYSTEM 100 Arbor Drive, Suite 108 Christiansburg, VA 24073 Voice: 540-381-9333 FAX: 540-381-8319 www.becpas.com Providing Professional Business Advisory & Consulting Services Douglas L. Johnston, II djohnston@becpas.com

More information

Chapter 6 Statement of Cash Flows

Chapter 6 Statement of Cash Flows Chapter 6 Statement of Cash Flows The Statement of Cash Flows describes the cash inflows and outflows for the firm based upon three categories of activities. Operating Activities: Generally include transactions

More information

Assets, Liabilities, and Net Worth

Assets, Liabilities, and Net Worth Assets, Liabilities, and Net Worth C H A P T E R 3 OVERVIEW Assets, liabilities, and net worth are part of the language of finance. As such, it is important to understand both their composition and how

More information

ACCOUNTING 105 CONCEPTS REVIEW

ACCOUNTING 105 CONCEPTS REVIEW ACCOUNTING 105 CONCEPTS REVIEW A note from the tutors: This handout is designed to help you review important information as you study for your cumulative final exam. While it does cover many important

More information

The Accounting Equation & Transaction Analysis

The Accounting Equation & Transaction Analysis HOSP 1210 (Financial Acct) Learning Centre The Accounting Equation & Transaction Analysis Economic transactions must be classified into categories: assets, liabilities, and net worth. Assets (A) are resources

More information

FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 100 Arbor Drive, Suite 108 Christiansburg, VA 24073 Voice: 540-381-9333 FAX: 540-381-8319 www.becpas.com Providing Professional Business Advisory & Consulting Services Douglas L. Johnston, II djohnston@becpas.com

More information

Accounting II Count Harder. Where do the Numbers Come From?? Professor Ray Wilson & edited by Professor Nelia Newell for Summer 2013 SM299

Accounting II Count Harder. Where do the Numbers Come From?? Professor Ray Wilson & edited by Professor Nelia Newell for Summer 2013 SM299 Accounting II Count Harder Where do the Numbers Come From?? Professor Ray Wilson & edited by Professor Nelia Newell for Summer 2013 SM299 Financial Statements Track All Activities of the Business Operating:

More information

STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS AND WORKING CAPITAL ANALYSIS

STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS AND WORKING CAPITAL ANALYSIS C H A P T E R 1 0 STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS AND WORKING CAPITAL ANALYSIS I N T R O D U C T I O N Historically, profit-oriented businesses have used the accrual basis of accounting in which the income statement,

More information

Understanding A Firm s Financial Statements

Understanding A Firm s Financial Statements CHAPTER OUTLINE Spotlight: J&S Construction Company (http://www.jsconstruction.com) 1 The Lemonade Kids Financial statement (accounting statements) reports of a firm s financial performance and resources,

More information

ACS-1803 Introduction to Information Systems. Functional Area Systems. Lecture 4

ACS-1803 Introduction to Information Systems. Functional Area Systems. Lecture 4 ACS-1803 Introduction to Information Systems Instructor: David Tenjo Functional Area Systems Lecture 4 1 Overview Overview of Functional Areas in the organization Functional Area: Accounting Accounting

More information

SANYO TRADING COMPANY LIMITED. Financial Statements

SANYO TRADING COMPANY LIMITED. Financial Statements Financial Statements Year Ended September 30, 2014 English translation from original Japanese-language documents Balance Sheets As of September 30, 2014 ASSETS Current Assets Cash and deposits US$ 18,509,007

More information

Accounting Basics. Prepared for First Year MBA

Accounting Basics. Prepared for First Year MBA Accounting Basics Prepared for First Year MBA Overview S No Particulars 01 Introduction to Accounting 02 Accounting Equation 03 Types of Transactions 04 Purchase and Sales 05 Types of Accounts 06 Golden

More information

Vol. 1, Chapter 4 Corporate Accounting

Vol. 1, Chapter 4 Corporate Accounting Vol. 1, Chapter 4 Corporate Accounting Problem 1 The high and low prices for McDonald s stock over the last 52 weeks were $35.91 and $27.36 respectively. The annual cash dividend yield is 1.9% of that

More information

2-8. Identify whether each of the following items increases or decreases cash flow:

2-8. Identify whether each of the following items increases or decreases cash flow: Problems 2-8. Identify whether each of the following items increases or decreases cash flow: Increase in accounts receivable Increase in notes payable Depreciation expense Increase in investments Decrease

More information

MASTER BUDGET - EXAMPLE

MASTER BUDGET - EXAMPLE MASTER BUDGET - EXAMPLE Sales IN UNITS for the previous two months (of last quarter), as well as the sales forecast for next quarter are as follows: Sales Budget Units May sales (ACTUAL) 20 June sales

More information

9901_1. A. 74.19 days B. 151.21 days C. 138.46 days D. 121.07 days E. 84.76 days

9901_1. A. 74.19 days B. 151.21 days C. 138.46 days D. 121.07 days E. 84.76 days 1. A stakeholder is: 9901_1 Student: A. a creditor to whom a firm currently owes money. B. any person who has voting rights based on stock ownership of a corporation. C. any person or entity other than

More information

Bookkeeping Tips & T Accounts Prepared by Accomp Services (www.accompservices.ca)

Bookkeeping Tips & T Accounts Prepared by Accomp Services (www.accompservices.ca) Bookkeeping Tips & T Accounts Prepared by Accomp Services (www.accompservices.ca) Further valuable accounting and bookkeeping website resources are listed at the end of this document. A business is one

More information

CH 23 STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS SELF-STUDY QUESTIONS

CH 23 STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS SELF-STUDY QUESTIONS C H 2 3, P a g e 1 CH 23 STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS SELF-STUDY QUESTIONS (note from Dr. N: I have deleted questions for you to omit, but did not renumber the remaining questions) 1. The primary purpose of

More information

Chapter Review Problems

Chapter Review Problems Chapter Review Problems Unit 17.1 Income statements 1. When revenues exceed expenses, is the result (a) net income or (b) net loss? (a) net income 2. Do income statements reflect profits of a business

More information

EXERCISES. Does not normally require adjustment. Normally requires adjustment (AE).

EXERCISES. Does not normally require adjustment. Normally requires adjustment (AE). EXERCISES Ex. 3 1 1. Prepaid expense 2. Accrued revenue 3. Unearned revenue 4. Accrued expense 5. Unearned revenue 6. Prepaid expense 7. Accrued expense 8. Accrued expense Ex. 3 2 Account Accounts Receivable...

More information

Total shares at the end of ten years is 100*(1+5%) 10 =162.9.

Total shares at the end of ten years is 100*(1+5%) 10 =162.9. FCS5510 Sample Homework Problems Unit04 CHAPTER 8 STOCK PROBLEMS 1. An investor buys 100 shares if a $40 stock that pays a annual cash dividend of $2 a share (a 5% dividend yield) and signs up for the

More information

HERE'S A TIP. Double Entry Accounting. Debits and Credits

HERE'S A TIP. Double Entry Accounting. Debits and Credits Double Entry Accounting Because every business transaction affects at least two accounts, our accounting system is known as a double entry system. (You can refer to the company's chart of accounts to select

More information

ACS 1803 Accounting SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES prepared by E. Kaluzniacky & K. Augustine. Computerized Accounting - The General Ledger System

ACS 1803 Accounting SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES prepared by E. Kaluzniacky & K. Augustine. Computerized Accounting - The General Ledger System ACS 1803 Accounting SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES prepared by E. Kaluzniacky & K. Augustine Computerized Accounting - The General Ledger System Every business must keep track of financial information that relates

More information

MODULE 6 Financial Statements

MODULE 6 Financial Statements Introduction. 102 Projected Outcomes 103 Facilitators Notes. 104 What is Accounting. 104 The Accounting Equation.. 105 Accounting Terminology 106 Assets 106 Liabilities. 106 Owner s Equity, Partner s Equity,

More information

Financial Statements

Financial Statements Financial Statements The financial information forms the basis of financial planning, analysis & decision making for an organization or an individual. Financial information is needed to predict, compare

More information

Management & Principles of Accounting Date: 09/11/2015 Introduction to financial accounting Basic concepts and tools

Management & Principles of Accounting Date: 09/11/2015 Introduction to financial accounting Basic concepts and tools Management & Principles of Accounting Date: 09/11/2015 Introduction to financial accounting Basic concepts and tools Patrizia Tettamanzi Sophie Goodman Source: Kimmel/Weygandt/Kieso Financial Accounting

More information

Creating a Successful Financial Plan

Creating a Successful Financial Plan Creating a Successful Financial Plan Basic Financial Reports Balance Sheet - Estimates the firm s worth on a given date; built on the accounting equation: Assets = Liabilities + Owner s Equity Income Statement

More information

Consolidated Interim Earnings Report

Consolidated Interim Earnings Report Consolidated Interim Earnings Report For the Six Months Ended 30th September, 2003 23th Octorber, 2003 Hitachi Capital Corporation These financial statements were prepared for the interim earnings release

More information

The Statement of Cash Flows Direct Method

The Statement of Cash Flows Direct Method 23 The Statement of Cash Flows Direct Method DEMONSTRATION PROBLEM The financial statements of Bolero Corporation follow. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 1 Bolero Corporation Income

More information

Corporations: Organization, Stock Transactions, and Dividends

Corporations: Organization, Stock Transactions, and Dividends C H A P T E R 13 Corporations: Organization, Stock Transactions, and Dividends Financial Accounting 14e Warren Reeve Duchac human/istock/360/getty Images Advantages and Disadvantages of the Corporate Form

More information

Investments I HW 2 - Solutions

Investments I HW 2 - Solutions Investments I HW 2 - Solutions Sailesh Tiwari 26 September, 2008 Problem 1 (BKM Ch3. Ques.3) (a) The Trader buys 300 Internet Dreams shares at $40 per share. Total cost of the shares is 300 $40 = $12000.

More information

Preparing a Successful Financial Plan

Preparing a Successful Financial Plan Topic 9 Preparing a Successful Financial Plan LEARNING OUTCOMES By the end of this topic, you should be able to: 1. Describe the overview of accounting methods; 2. Prepare the three major financial statements

More information

By John W. Day, MBA. FEATURE ARTICLE: The Structure And Purpose Of Liabilities

By John W. Day, MBA. FEATURE ARTICLE: The Structure And Purpose Of Liabilities THEME: LIABILITIES By John W. Day, MBA ACCOUNTING TERM: Liability Generally, a liability can be defined as an obligation, based on a past transaction, to convey assets or perform services in the future.

More information

STATEMENT ON FINANCIAL POSITION

STATEMENT ON FINANCIAL POSITION STATEMENT ON FINANCIAL POSITION DESCRIPTION NOTE DAY 30.06.2013 31.12.2012 Fixed assets 218 532 221 493 214 682 Intangibles 3 583 3 057 3 033 Tangible fixed assets 2 69 812 69 272 63 027 Investment properties

More information

TOPIC LEARNING OBJECTIVE

TOPIC LEARNING OBJECTIVE Topic Mapping 1 Transaction Analysis Understand the effect of various types of transactions on the accounting equation, accounting journal and accounting ledger. Concepts and Skills Accounting Equation

More information

Chapter 14. 1 Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.

Chapter 14. 1 Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall. Chapter 14 1 Identify the purposes of the statement of cash flows Distinguish among operating, investing, and financing cash flows Prepare the statement of cash flows by the indirect method Identify noncash

More information

Reporting and Analyzing Cash Flows QUESTIONS

Reporting and Analyzing Cash Flows QUESTIONS Chapter 12 Reporting and Analyzing Cash Flows QUESTIONS 1. The purpose of the cash flow statement is to report all major cash receipts (inflows) and cash payments (outflows) during a period. It helps users

More information

Income Measurement and Profitability Analysis

Income Measurement and Profitability Analysis PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS The following financial statements for Spencer Company will be used to demonstrate the calculation of the various ratios in profitability analysis. Spencer Company Comparative Balance

More information

What Do Short-Term Liquidity Ratios Measure? What Is Working Capital? How Is the Current Ratio Calculated? How Is the Quick Ratio Calculated?

What Do Short-Term Liquidity Ratios Measure? What Is Working Capital? How Is the Current Ratio Calculated? How Is the Quick Ratio Calculated? What Do Short-Term Liquidity Ratios Measure? What Is Working Capital? HOCK international - 2004 1 HOCK international - 2004 2 How Is the Current Ratio Calculated? How Is the Quick Ratio Calculated? HOCK

More information

Sample Test for entrance into Acct 3110 and Acct 3310

Sample Test for entrance into Acct 3110 and Acct 3310 Sample Test for entrance into Acct 3110 and Acct 3310 1. Which of the following financial statements could properly have the following in the date line: For the Year Ended December 31, 2010"? a. Balance

More information

Learning Module 3 Journal Entries

Learning Module 3 Journal Entries Learning Module 3 Journal Entries The Accounting Equation Balance Sheet Income Statement = + + - Assets Liabilities Owners' Equity Revenue Expenses Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. Recording journal

More information

Brain J. Dunn, CEO Richfield, Minnesota U.S Latest fiscal year: 2010 Best Buy is an American retailer that sells a wide variety of electronic

Brain J. Dunn, CEO Richfield, Minnesota U.S Latest fiscal year: 2010 Best Buy is an American retailer that sells a wide variety of electronic Current Shareholders in Best Buy should hold their stock until price increases, and new investors should not invest if looking for fast money, Best Buy s stock may not more until more economic growth occurs.

More information

CHAPTER 2 ACCOUNTING STATEMENTS, TAXES, AND CASH FLOW

CHAPTER 2 ACCOUNTING STATEMENTS, TAXES, AND CASH FLOW CHAPTER 2 ACCOUNTING STATEMENTS, TAXES, AND CASH FLOW Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. True. Every asset can be converted to cash at some price. However, when we are referring

More information

Ratio Analysis. A) Liquidity Ratio : - 1) Current ratio = Current asset Current Liability

Ratio Analysis. A) Liquidity Ratio : - 1) Current ratio = Current asset Current Liability A) Liquidity Ratio : - Ratio Analysis 1) Current ratio = Current asset Current Liability 2) Quick ratio or Acid Test ratio = Quick Asset Quick liability Quick Asset = Current Asset Stock Quick Liability

More information

Trading Profit and Loss Account

Trading Profit and Loss Account Trading Profit and Loss Account Trading Account The trading account shows the income from sales and the direct costs of making those sales. It includes the balance of stocks at the start and end of the

More information

Introduction. 15.501/516 Accounting Spring 2004. Professor Sugata Roychowdhury Sloan School of Management Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Introduction. 15.501/516 Accounting Spring 2004. Professor Sugata Roychowdhury Sloan School of Management Massachusetts Institute of Technology Introduction 15.501/516 Accounting Spring 2004 Professor Sugata Roychowdhury Sloan School of Management Massachusetts Institute of Technology Feb 4, 2004 1 Session 1: Agenda Administrative matters Discussion

More information

BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE for Teachers and Students

BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE for Teachers and Students Pathway: Business, Marketing, and Computer Education Lesson: BMM C6 4: Financial Statements and Reports Common Core State Standards for Mathematics: N.Q.2 Domain: Quantities Cluster: Reason quantitatively

More information

EasyPC Training. Accounting Basics

EasyPC Training. Accounting Basics EasyPC Training Accounting Basics Contents Accounting Basics... 3 The Accounting Equation... 3 Assets... 3 Liabilities... 3 Owner s Equity... 3 The Balance Sheet... 5 Double Entry Bookkeeping... 6 Ledger

More information

Basic Accounting Principles

Basic Accounting Principles Basic Accounting Principles Basic Accounting Model The basic accounting model represents the relationship between assets (what the company owns), liabilities (what the company owes), and owner s equity

More information

Statement of Cash Flows

Statement of Cash Flows PREPARING THE STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS: THE INDIRECT METHOD OF REPORTING CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES The work sheet method described in the text book is not the recommended approach. We will provide

More information

Review of Accounting Principles

Review of Accounting Principles Appendix A Review of Accounting Principles Appendix A is a review of basic accounting principles and procedures. Standard accounting procedures are based on the double-entry system. This means that each

More information

Bus 300 Lemke Midterm Exam September 22, 2004

Bus 300 Lemke Midterm Exam September 22, 2004 Bus 300 Lemke Midterm Exam September 22, 2004 The balance sheet and income statement on the next page for questions #1 through #7: (5 pts) 1. What is the firm s operating cash flow for 2000? 623 (5 pts)

More information

What is a Balance Sheet?

What is a Balance Sheet? What is a Balance Sheet? A Balance Sheet is a financial statement which shows the ASSETS, LIABILITIES and CAPITAL of a business on a particular date. Assets Are Are items owned by by the the business or

More information

A Simple Model. Introduction to Financial Statements

A Simple Model. Introduction to Financial Statements Introduction to Financial Statements NOTES TO ACCOMPANY VIDEOS These notes are intended to supplement the videos on ASimpleModel.com. They are not to be used as stand alone study aids, and are not written

More information

CENTRE FOR CONTINUING EDUCATION BBA (AVIATION OPERATION)

CENTRE FOR CONTINUING EDUCATION BBA (AVIATION OPERATION) CENTRE FOR CONTINUING EDUCATION BBA (AVIATION OPERATION) BATCH: SEMESTER: NAME: ROLL NO: ASSIGNMENT 1 & 2 FOR BUSINESS ACCOUNTING BBCF 131 UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & ENERGY STUDIES Assignment-1 Note: All

More information

Merchandising Businesses

Merchandising Businesses Learning Objectives LO1 Distinguish among service, retail merchandising, and wholesale merchandising businesses. LO2 Identify differences between a sole proprietorship and a corporation. LO3 Explain the

More information

6. Depreciation is a process of a. asset devaluation. b. cost accumulation. c. cost allocation. d. asset valuation.

6. Depreciation is a process of a. asset devaluation. b. cost accumulation. c. cost allocation. d. asset valuation. 1. A company purchased land for $72,000 cash. Real estate brokers' commission was $5,000 and $7,000 was spent for demolishing an old building on the land before construction of a new building could start.

More information

EMERSON AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED OPERATING RESULTS (AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS EXCEPT PER SHARE, UNAUDITED)

EMERSON AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED OPERATING RESULTS (AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS EXCEPT PER SHARE, UNAUDITED) CONSOLIDATED OPERATING RESULTS (AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS EXCEPT PER SHARE, UNAUDITED) TABLE 1 Quarter Ended March 31, Percent Change Net Sales $ 5,854 $ 5,919 1% Costs and expenses: Cost of sales 3,548 3,583

More information

BUSINESS FINANCIAL STATEMENT. Limited Liability Company Partnership Corporation Other. Statement of Financial Condition as of, 20 for the period, to,

BUSINESS FINANCIAL STATEMENT. Limited Liability Company Partnership Corporation Other. Statement of Financial Condition as of, 20 for the period, to, BUSINESS FINANCIAL STATEMENT Name of Business Applicant Prepared By Title (Position) Limited Liability Company Partnership Corporation Other Statement of Financial Condition as of, 20 for the period, to,

More information

Principles of Financial Accounting ACC-101-TE. TECEP Test Description

Principles of Financial Accounting ACC-101-TE. TECEP Test Description Principles of Financial Accounting ACC-101-TE TECEP Test Description This TECEP is an introduction to the field of financial accounting. It covers the accounting cycle, merchandising concerns, and financial

More information

RATIO ANALYSIS & CASH FLOW 23 APRIL 2015 Section A: Summary Content Notes

RATIO ANALYSIS & CASH FLOW 23 APRIL 2015 Section A: Summary Content Notes RATIO ANALYSIS & CASH FLOW 23 APRIL 2015 Section A: Summary Content Notes 1. Introduction The cash flow statement reflects the movement of cash within an enterprise during a specific period. The Companies

More information

When Tandy (RadioShack) Corporation announced a 2:1 stock split, the company had 97 million shares outstanding, trading at $100 per share.

When Tandy (RadioShack) Corporation announced a 2:1 stock split, the company had 97 million shares outstanding, trading at $100 per share. BE12-2 When Tandy (RadioShack) Corporation announced a 2:1 stock split, the company had 97 million shares outstanding, trading at $1 per share. (a) Estimate the number of shares outstanding and market

More information

Chapter 18 Shareholders Equity

Chapter 18 Shareholders Equity RETAINED EARNINGS The balance in retained earnings represents an accumulation of the following common items from the inception date of the business: Add: net income Subtract: net losses Subtract: dividends.

More information

Liabilities and Equity Exercises III

Liabilities and Equity Exercises III Larry M. Walther; Christopher J. Skousen Download free books at Larry M. Walther & Christopher J. Skousen Liabilities and Equity Exercises III 2 2011 Larry M. Walther, Christopher J. Skousen & Ventus Publishing

More information

Bean Counter's Accounting and Bookkeeping "Cheat Sheet"

Bean Counter's Accounting and Bookkeeping Cheat Sheet Page 1 of 6 Bean Counter's ing and Bookkeeping "Cheat Sheet" Provided by: Bean Counter Source Documents ( Invoices, Checks, etc.) Journals -Transactions first recorded using Debits and s General Ledger

More information

SOLUTIONS TO BRIEF EXERCISES

SOLUTIONS TO BRIEF EXERCISES SOLUTIONS TO BRIEF EXERCISES B. Ex. 2.1 Walters Company's assets (machinery) will increase by $20,000. The company's liabilities will also increase by $20,000 to include the new obligation the company

More information

A = L + OE. Transaction 1 Assets = Liabilitites + Owners equity + 1,000,000 Cash + 1,000,000 Common stock

A = L + OE. Transaction 1 Assets = Liabilitites + Owners equity + 1,000,000 Cash + 1,000,000 Common stock FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS Henry Jarva Aalto University, Spring 2015 Student name: EXERCISE 1. Provide journal entries for Transactions 5 8, Adjusting Entries 2 7, and prepare Exhibit 1. 2. Calculate

More information

Chapter 2 Balance sheets - what a company owns and what it owes

Chapter 2 Balance sheets - what a company owns and what it owes Chapter 2 Balance sheets - what a company owns and what it owes SharePad is packed full of useful financial data. This data holds the key to understanding the financial health and value of any company

More information

Accounting Is a Language. Financial Accounting: The Balance Sheet BALANCE SHEET. Accounting Information. Assets. Balance Sheet: Layout

Accounting Is a Language. Financial Accounting: The Balance Sheet BALANCE SHEET. Accounting Information. Assets. Balance Sheet: Layout Accounting Is a Language Financial Accounting: The Balance Sheet Richard S. Barr Purpose: providing information Financial Statements Summarize accounting information Examples We need to know what the numbers

More information

SOLUTIONS. Learning Goal 30

SOLUTIONS. Learning Goal 30 S1 Learning Goal 30 Multiple Choice 1. c A corporation wants to reissue treasury stock at a higher price than it paid. In this way, a greater amount of capital can be obtained than was returned to the

More information

Understanding Financial Statements. For Your Business

Understanding Financial Statements. For Your Business Understanding Financial Statements For Your Business Disclaimer The information provided is for informational purposes only, does not constitute legal advice or create an attorney-client relationship,

More information

Accounting Cycle. Matching Principle

Accounting Cycle. Matching Principle CHAPTER 3 Accounting Cycle Analyze and record the transactions Post the transactions and prepare trial balance Adjust the accounts and prepare trial balance Prepare the financial statements Close the accounts

More information

Accrual vs Deferral Accrual vs Cash Basis

Accrual vs Deferral Accrual vs Cash Basis 1 - Accrual vs Deferral Accrual vs Cash Basis - understanding debits and credits a transaction either increases or decreases the balance of accounts. increases and decreases in accounts are based on the

More information