Clinical Guideline for: Aseptic Technique

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1 Clinical Guideline for: Technique Summary This guideline provides the principles of, Non Touch, and Clean Techniques to be implemented in the hospital environment. Key Points The essential elements of this guideline are: Definitions of the techniques Principles of each technique Examples of procedures when each technique should be implemented Date Approved: 14 th February 2013 Page 1 of 7

2 Contents 1. Definition of an Technique Principles of Technique Non Touch Technique Definition of a Clean Technique Essential Action for all Procedures Recommended Technique Applicable for Commonly Performed Procedures Post Operative Wound Cleansing Bibliography Publication Details... 7 Date Approved: 14 th February 2013 Page 2 of 7

3 1. Definition of an Technique technique means without micro-organisms. technique refers to the procedure used to avoid the introduction of pathogenic organisms into the vulnerable body site. The prinicple aim of an aseptic technique is to protect the patient from contamination by pathogenic organisms during medical and nursing procedures. 1.1 Principles of Technique Staff undertaking aseptic procedures adhere to the Hand Hygiene Policy and the Uniform and Workwear policy ensuring that they are bare below the elbow. The setting should be prepared including the decontamination of the working surface or tray to be used with detergent and water or detergent wipes and then dried Hand hygiene should be performed in accordance with the Hand Hygiene Policy. The type of hand hygiene will depend on the procedure e.g. surgical hand hygiene is required prior to major invasive procedures such as surgery or central venous catheter insertion. with alcohol gel is adequate, providing hands are visibly clean, before wound dressings, IV drug administration or peripheral cannula insertion. The extent of the use of drapes and protective clothing will also depend on the type of procedure and it s complexity. For example o Large drapes and maximal barrier precautions are always required for surgical procedures and central venous catheter insertion o Sterile gloves and a plastic apron and a small drape for wound dressing procedures o Clean non sterile gloves and a plastic apron are adequate for phlebotomy and IV drug administration, as long as a non touch aseptic technique is used (see 1.2) All packaged sterile items for the procedure should be assembled prior to starting the procedure. Staff should check the packaging is intact and expiry date has not been exceeded. All packaged sterile items, such as needles and syringes,should be opened carefully by peeling back the packaging and not pushing it through the backing paper. If possible 30 minutes should be left after bed making or domestic cleaning before exposing or dressing wounds, or performing any other aseptic procedure. Date Approved: 14 th February 2013 Page 3 of 7

4 Soiled dressings should be removed carefully (a large amount of microorganisms can be shed into the air when dressings are removed) using the inverted yellow bag to protect hands or clean non sterile gloves Wounds should be exposed for the minimum time to avoid contamination and maintain temperature. Gloves should be changed and hands decontaminated at any stage when contamination has occurred. Staff should NEVER apply hand hygiene products to gloved hands The procedure should be performed avoiding accidental contamination of sterile equipment and site 1.2 Non Touch Technique (ANTT) An Non Touch Technique is a modified aseptic procedure where clean non sterile gloves are worn (or cleaned ungloved hands) and touching the patient and key parts of the sterile equipment is avoided. In general, this means avoiding contact with: o sterile equipment that will be used invasively e,g, the tip of a needle or hub of cannula, o sterile products used for preparing solutions for injection e.g. the hub of the syringe or tip of a needle o the surface of a sterile dressing that will be in contact with the wound, o seals of IV connectors that have been disinfected prior to administration of medication o skin after it has been disinfected prior to phlebotomy or cannulation, open wounds and invasive device sites. 2. Definition of a Clean Technique A Clean technique is a modified aseptic technique that can be used for dressing chronic wounds healing by secondary intention, e.g. pressure sores, leg ulcers and dehisced wounds, which will already be heavily colonised with environmental microorganisms. It can also be used for simple grazes; when removing sutures; and for endo-tracheal suction. Clean, non-sterile gloves and a disposable plastic apron should be worn. Chronic wounds may be irrigated or cleansed using potable/drinking tap water rather than sterile fluids. 3. Essential Actions for all Procedures Dispose of waste as per local policy Dispose of single-use items after one use Dispose of single patient use items after treatment Date Approved: 14 th February 2013 Page 4 of 7

5 Decontaminate re-usable items according to local policy and manufacturer s instructions Store sterile equipment in clean, dry conditions, off the floor Minimise interventions that result in a break in closed systems e.g. manipulation of IV lines 4. Recommended Technique Applicable for Commonly Performed Procedures Procedure Technique Comments Central venous catheter insertion Chest drain insertion Cervical smear Clean Use a single use only speculum Epidural Gastrostomy or jejunotomy tube insertion (endoscopic/ surgical or radiological guidance) Lumbar puncture Indwelling urinary catheter insertion Intermittent urethral catheterisation Clean in patient s home in hospital Sterile gloves and single use disposable apron Sterile gloves and single use disposable apron in hospital IUD insertion required IV medication Preparation for immediate use and administration. non-touch technique Clean non sterile gloves Date Approved: 14 th February 2013 Page 5 of 7

6 Suprapubic catheter insertion Suction-Laryngeal Endotracheal Tracheostomy Wound care for wounds healing by primary intention e.g. surgical wound Wound care for wounds healing by secondary intention e.g. venous ulcers Clean Clean Manage as surgical wound until healed Dispose of catheter after each insertion Sterile gloves and single use disposable apron Clean gloves and single use disposable apron 5. Post Operative Wound Cleansing Sterile saline should be used for surgical wound cleansing (if required) for first 48 hours following surgery Advise patients that they may shower safely 48 hours after surgery by which time superficial healing will have occurred. Tap water may be used for wound cleansing after 48 hours if the surgical wound has separated or has been surgically opened to drain pus (NICE, 2008). Refer to a tissue viability nurse (or other healthcare professional with tissue viability expertise) for advice on appropriate dressings for the management of surgical wounds that are healing by secondary intention Date Approved: 14 th February 2013 Page 6 of 7

7 6. Bibliography Dougherty L and Lister S (Eds) (2004) The Royal Marsden Hospital Manual of Clinical Nursing Procedures. 6 th Edition. Blackwell Publishing. Oxford NICE (2008) Surgical site infection Prevention and treatment of surgical site infection NICE clinical guideline 74 Pratt et al (2001) The epic Project: Devleoping National Evidence based Guidelines for Preventing healthcare associated infections. Pase 1:Guidelines for Preventing Hospital Acquired Infections. Journal of Hospital Infection 47(Suppl):S1-S Publication Details Author of Clinical Guideline Directorate/Department responsible for Clinical Guideline Contact details Judy Potter, Lead Nurse Infection Prevention & Control, Diagnostics Ext 2355 Date written October 2006 Approving body and date approved Review date November 2015 Expiry date February 2016 Infection Control Operational Group 14 th February 2013 Date document becomes live 22 nd February 2013 Date Approved: 14 th February 2013 Page 7 of 7

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