New maximum length of Tub gurnard, Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osteichthyes: Triglidae) in the Southern Aegean Sea, Turkey

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1 J. Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment Vol. 19, No. 1: (2013) SHORT COMMUNICATION New maximum length of Tub gurnard, Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osteichthyes: Triglidae) in the Southern Aegean Sea, Turkey Okan Akyol * Department of Fishing Technology and Fish Processing, Fisheries Faculty, Ege University, Urla, Izmir, TURKEY * Corresponding author: Abstract A specimen of the Tub gurnard, Chelidonichthys lucerna, with 735 mm TL, was caught on 2 January 2013 by an angler on a boat in Sığacık Bay, Southern Aegean Sea. The given size is the second maximum length record of C. lucerna, however, it is a first confirmed record for the Turkish seas. Key words: Tub gurnard, Chelidonichthys lucerna, maximum length, Sığacık Bay, Aegean Sea. Introduction Maximum length and weight are very important theoretical parameters in fisheries science. Borges (2001) expressed that directly and indirectly, these measurements enter into most of the models used in stock assessments. Tub gurnard, Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus 1758) is a demersal fish on sandy, gravel or muddy bottom at depths of m and feeds on crustaceans, mollusks and fishes (Golani et al. 2006; Froese and Pauly 2007). Tub gurnard is Atlanto-Mediterranean species, and they occur at temperatures ranging from 8-24 C in eastern Atlantic from Norway to West African coast (Cape Blanc); not recorded at Madeira and the Azores; Mediterranean and Black Seas (Hureau 1986; Froese and Pauly 2007). On 2 January 2013, a Chelidonichthys lucerna specimen (Figure 1) with 735 mm TL was provided by an angler, Sardine flesh was used as bait. The capture location was off the Demircili cove (Figure 2), Sığacık Bay (Southern Aegean 138

2 Sea) at a depth of 90 m on a sandy bottom. Then, this fish was sold at a higher price in fish auction by Urla fishery cooperative. Figure 1. Chelidonichthys lucerna with 735 mm TL, caught from off Demircili, Sığacık Bay (Southern Aegean Sea) Figure 2. Sampling location of Chelidonichthys lucerna 139

3 Diagnostic characters were: first dorsal finrays IX, second dorsal finrays 16, anal finrays 15, pectoral finrays 10+3, ventral finrays I+5. Head length (HL) 23.1%, pre-dorsal length 23.8%, pre-anal length 42.9%, maximum body depth 15.6%, all TL. Eye diameter 10.6%, pre-orbital length 52.4%, all HL. All determined measurements, counts, and color patterns are in accordance with the descriptions of Hureau (1986), Golani et al. (2006), and Froese and Pauly (2007). Length of Tub gurnard is usually reported 35 cm and maximum 75 cm TL (Hureau 1986; Golani et al. 2006; Froese and Pauly 2007; FAO-FIGIS). However, a specimen of C. lucerna with 760 mm length has been reported from Saros Bay, Northern Aegean Sea in amongst to length-weight relationships of 63 fish species by İşmen et al. (2007). This was a first record of the maximum length of C. lucerna. In Turkish seas, the maximum lengths (L max ) of this fish in the other studies were shown in Table 1. However, the present study reports to not only the second maximum length record of C. lucerna, but also first confirmed record for the Turkish seas. Both sampling areas (i.e. whole Saros Bay and northern part of Gök Liman and Killik Cape line in Sığacık Bay) are closed for trawlers. Thus, both fish sampled had probably been reaching to the uncommon size owing to the trawl closed areas. Location Iskenderun Bay, E Mediterranean Table 1. Records of Chelidonichthys lucerna in Turkish seas Record date Sample collected L max (mm) Reference Apr.1999-Feb İşmen et al. (2004) Sea of Marmara Nov.1996-Nov Eryılmaz and Meriç (2005) Özaydın and Taşkavak (2006) Mersin Bay, NE Mediterranean May 1999-Apr Çiçek et al. (2006) Uçkun-İlhan and July 1999-Aug Toğulga (2007) NE Mediterranean Sangun et al. (2007) Feb.-Dec Özaydın et al. (2007) Saros Bay, Feb.2005-Apr İşmen et al. (2007) Erdek, Keskin and Gaygusuz Apr.2000-Dec Sea of Marmara (2010) Sea of Marmara Nov.2006-Mar Bök et al. (2011) Sea of Marmara Dec.2009-Feb Demirel and Murat- Dalkara (2012) 140

4 Acknowledgements I am thankful to angler Ahmet Uysal for bringing the specimen to my lab. Güney Ege Denizi nde kırlangıç balığının Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osteichthyes: Triglidae) yeni maksimum boyu Özet 735 mm total boyuyla bir kırlangıç (Chelidonichthys lucerna) bireyi 2 Ocak 2013 tarihinde Sığacık Körfezi nde (Güney Ege Denizi) teknede bir oltacı tarafından yakalanmıştır. Bu verilen boy C. lucerna nın ikinci en büyük boy kaydı olmakla beraber, bu, Türkiye denizleri için ilk doğrulanmış kayıttır. References Borges, L. (2001) A new maximum length for the snipefish Macroramphosus scolopax. Cybium 25: Bök, T. D., Göktürk, D., Kahraman, A. E., Alıçlı, T. Z., Acun, T., Ateş, C. (2011) Length-weight relationships of 34 fish species from the Sea of Marmara, Turkey. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 10 (23): Çiçek, E., Avşar, D., Yeldan, H., Özütok, M. (2006) Length-weight relationships for 31 teleost fishes caught by bottom trawl net in the Babadıllimanı Bight (Northeastern Mediterranean). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 22: Demirel, N., Murat-Dalkara, E. (2012) Weight-length relationships of 28 fish species in the Sea of Marmara. Turk. J. Zool. 36 (6): Eryılmaz, L., Meriç, N. (2005) Some biological characteristics of the tub gurnard, Chelidonichthys lucernus (Linnaeus, 1758) in the Sea of Marmara. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 29: FAO. ( ) Fisheries Global Information System (FAO-FIGIS) - Web site. Fisheries Global Information System (FIGIS). FI Institutional Websites. In: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department [online]. Rome. Updated. [Cited 03 January 2013]. Froese, R., Pauly, D. (2007) Available at FishBase. (accessed 14 Dec. 2012). Golani, D., Öztürk, B., Başusta, N. (2006) Fishes of the eastern Mediterranean. Turkish Marine Research Foundation. Publication No. 24, Istanbul, Turkey, 259 pp. 141

5 Hureau, J.-C. (1986) Triglidae. In: Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, Vol. III. (eds., P. J. P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureu, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonose). UNESCO, Paris, pp İşmen, A., Özen, Ö., Altınağaç, U., Özekinci, U., Ayaz, A. (2007) Weightlength relationships of 63 fish species in Saros Bay, Turkey. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 23: İşmen, A., İşmen, P., Başusta, N. (2004) Age, growth and reproduction of tub gurnard (Chelidonichthys lucerna L., 1758) in the Bay of Iskenderun in the Eastern Mediterranean. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 28: Keskin, Ç., Gaygusuz, Ö. (2010) Length-weight relationships of fishes in shallow waters of Erdek Bay (Sea of Marmara, Turkey). IUFS J. Biol. 69 (1): Özaydın, O., Taşkavak, E. (2006) Length-weight relationships for 47 fish species from Izmir Bay (Eastern Aegean Sea, Turkey). Acta Adriat. 47 (2): Özaydın, O., Uçkun, D., Akalın, S., Leblebici, S., Tosunoğlu, Z. (2007) Lengthweight relationships of fishes captured from central Aegean Sea. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 23: Sangun, L., Akamca, E., Akar, M. (2007) Weight-length relationships for 39 fish species from the North-easten Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 7: Uçkun-İlhan, D., Toğulga, M. (2007) Age, growth and reproduction of tub gurnard, Chelidonichthys lucernus Linnaeus, 1758 (Osteichthyes: Triglidae) from Aegean Sea, Eastern Mediterranean. Acta Adriat. 48 (2): Received: Accepted:

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