Sustainable Clean Energy

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1 Circular Economy: More business and more environmental protection through Material Flow Management! Sustainable Clean Energy Environmental Youth Symposium Atlanta, 2014 Prof. Dr. Peter Heck Managing Director IfaS Institute for applied Material Flow Management Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Potenziale erkennen. Prozesse optimieren. Mehrwert schaffen.

2 Afraid of Energiewende? Ambitious targest: 100% RE in Germany till % RE in Rhineland Palatinate till 2030 Quelle: SFV.de Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Discover Potentials Optimise Processess Create Regional Added Value

3 Zero-Emission Campus Birkenfeld: An innovative model for education and research! Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Discover Potentials Optimise Processess Create Regional Added Value

4 Zero Emission Campus 100% Renewable heat/cooling supply based on waste wood, biogas and solar thermal 100% Renewable electricity based on cogeneration and photovoltaic 100% Energy efficiency ü ü ü ü ü Waste Heat Recovery Cooling system based on geothermal and solar adsorption Rain water utilisation Passive and Plus-Energy Buildings Campus as a Biotope Zero Waste Water and Nutrient recovery in planning Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Discover Potentials Optimise Processess Create Regional Added Value

5 Using Geothermal Heat and Cold Geothermal Heat and Cold Exchanger Air Inlet Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Discover Potentials Optimise Processess Create Regional Added Value

6 Zero Emission University by Waste to Energy Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Discover Potentials Optimise Processess Create Regional Added Value

7 Industrial area based on reuse of waste Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Discover Potentials Optimise Processess Create Regional Added Value

8 Integrated Water Resource Management Natural water ponds for ground water recharge Avoidance of rain water run off to sewer system Rain water collection and valorisation as service (grey) water (toilet flushing) Green roofs to reduce rainwater runoff Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Discover Potentials Optimise Processess Create Regional Added Value

9 New UCB-Communication Centre Passive house standard PV-installation with an installed capacity of 40 kwp 40 cm exterior insulation Triple-glased windows Air conditioning with 80 % heat recovery Adiabatic cooling of the conference room High efficient electric motors Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Discover Potentials Optimise Processess Create Regional Added Value

10 Circular Economy with MFM approach Material / Energy Flows Financial Resources Potentials Activated Regional Resources Regional Added Value & SME businesses Discover Potentials! Optimise Processes! Create Added Value! 2010 Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement (IfaS)

11 MFM Key Material Flow Potentials in Regions Water/Waste Water, Urban Waste, Sewage Sludge Fossile Energy Sources Fossile End energy (electricity, heat, cold,) Renewable Energies Biomass Agricultural Waste Buildings and Infrastructure Waste Fats and Oils Traffic and Mobility Special aspects like Tourism Etc.. Foto: IfaS Foto: H.-G. Oed Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Discover Potentials Optimise Processess Create Regional Added Value

12 Economics of German Energiewende Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Potenziale erkennen. Prozesse optimieren. Mehrwert schaffen.

13 Renewables achieve Grid Parity Lower Energy Costs for SMEs in the long run Discover Potentials! Optimise Processes! Create Added Value! 2010 Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement (IfaS)

14 More Added Value! Where is the money? Money for purchase of fossil resources: (Quelle: Statistisches Bundesamt (2013); eigene Berechnung) in 2004: 40 billion Euro in 2005: 55 billion Euro in 2007: 64 billion Euro in 2009: 58 billion (economoc crisis) in 2012: 83 Mrd. Euro 2014 : ca. 100 billion Euro Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Potenziale erkennen. Prozesse optimieren. Mehrwert schaffen.

15 Energy costs in our villages A village with 300 households creates energy costs of approximately per year In Germany these costs are increasing by 4 to 6% per year The village is losing purchasing power every year Why not starting to invest that money instead of spending it?? Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Potenziale erkennen. Prozesse optimieren. Mehrwert schaffen.

16 Cooperatives and Participatory Financing: Old (financing) ideas for a new (sustainable) world)! The money of the village for the village! Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisen ( ) New Trend: Grid Operation 12% Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Discover Potentials Optimise Processess Create Regional Added Value

17 OWNERSHIP OF RENEWABLE ENERGY FACILITIES (GERMANY) 2011 Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Discover Potentials Optimise Processess Create Regional Added Value

18 Electricity generation in Germany From spring to fall PV covers the midday peak load Zahlen: EEX Discover Potentials! Optimise Processes! Create Added Value! 2010 Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement (IfaS)

19 Solar energy to cover electricity consumption in industry Quelle: SMA Discover Potentials! Optimise Processes! Create Added Value! 2010 Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement (IfaS)

20 Zero Emission County: Cochem-Zell Goals: - To become a Zero Emission District - To reduce CO2 Emissions by 50% by To achieve CO2 Neutral Tourism within the Region Area: 720 km2 Population: More than 100 Bioenergy Villages in Germany being basically energy independent Discover Potentials! Optimise Processes! Create Added Value! 2010 Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement (IfaS)

21 ZE-MFM: Integrated Water Resource Management Objective: Re-use and recovery of nutrients and embedded energy Optimisation of existing WWT structures and intelligent new designs Determination of short and mid-term energy efficiency, energy autarky as well as water re-use and nutrient recovery potentials (technical and economical) Energy efficiency and energy autarky of existing WWTP by anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge Recovery of heat within waste water Recovery of nutrients (e.g. phosphorous) within waste water Waste water avoidance by water re-use (on-spot) and water minimisiation strategies and technologies Re-use of pre-treated water for irrigation (semi and arid area) Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Discover Potentials Optimise Processess Create Regional Added Value

22 Flow Chart Energy Positive WWTP Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Potenziale erkennen. Prozesse optimieren. Mehrwert schaffen.

23 Cost comparison: conventional to ZE WWTP Cost Positions IST Energy Autarkic Investment Civil Construction Technology Engineering Concept Sum Investment Operational Costs Energy Costs (Electricity, Gas) /a - Other operation and maintainence /a /a Sum Operational Costs /a /a Quelle: Dipl.-Ing. Stefan Krieger, HYDRO-Ingenieure Energie & Wasser GmbH, 2011 Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Potenziale erkennen. Prozesse optimieren. Mehrwert schaffen.

24 Cash Flow Development Quelle: Dipl.-Ing. Stefan Krieger, HYDRO-Ingenieure Energie & Wasser GmbH, 2011 Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Potenziale erkennen. Prozesse optimieren. Mehrwert schaffen.

25 There is more in waste. Our waste creates light. Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Potenziale erkennen. Prozesse optimieren. Mehrwert schaffen.

26 Resource Potential of Bio-waste in China Biogas potential Bio- waste Amount t- dry/a Biogas 106m3/a Methane 106m3/a Energy 109 MJ/a BMW SepGc feces Sewage sludge Crop straws Manures ~ ~12900 Total Waste Energy 51% of fuel gas consumpgon of China in 2007 ( m3) Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Potenziale erkennen. Prozesse optimieren. Mehrwert schaffen.

27 Wind energy potential in a German county Windenergieanlagen LK Birkenfeld Anlagen inst. Leistung Ertrag Jahr am Netz MW 53 GWh am Netz (Repowering vor 2020) 4 12 MW 36 GWh 2020 Ausbaupotenzial 1 50% des Gesamtpotenzials MW GWh Summe MW GWh Am Netz (Repowering vor 2020) 4 12 MW 36 GWh Am Netz (Repowering nach 2020) MW 105 GWh Ausbaupotenzial 1 50% des Gesamtpotenzials MW GWh 2030 Ausbaupotenzial 2 40% des Gesamtpotenzials MW GWh Summe von 2020 bis MW GWh Am Netz (Repowering vor 2020 und vor 2050) 4 18 MW 47 GWh Am Netz (Repowering nach 2020) MW 105 GWh Ausbaupotenzial 1 (1. Repowering) MW GWh 2050 Ausbaupotenzial 2 (inkl. Erneuerung) MW GWh Ausbaupotenzial 3 10% des Gesamtpotenzials MW 714 GWh Summe von 2030 bis MW GWh Anlagengruppen und Repoweringstrategie: Ausbaupotenzial Ausbau 1 50% bis 2020 Repow ering-maßnahmen vor 2020 nach 2020 Ausbau 2 40% bis 2030 Ausbau 3 10% bis Repow ering bis 2040 Anlagenleistung 3,0 MW 4,5 MW Ausbauszenario Windenergie LK Birkenfeld (keine w eitere Vergrößerung der Anlagen bei späteren Repow ering-maßnahmen) Today electricity demand in BIR county 385 Wh/a Potential of approx GWh/a Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Potenziale erkennen. Prozesse optimieren. Mehrwert schaffen.

28 Economic impact till 2050 in the county of Saarlouis Invest: ca. 4,7 Mrd. Income and savings: ca. 14,4 Mrd. Costs: ca. 7,7 Mrd. RAV ca.11,6 billion Euro Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Potenziale erkennen. Prozesse optimieren. Mehrwert schaffen.

29 Study: Germany 100 % Renewable Electricity and Heat FHG ISE, Nov Electricity, Heat,Mobility FHG ISE, Nov regenerativer Energiemix inklusive Speicher, Netze keine Importe / Exporte 100 % EE regenerativer Energiemix inklusive Speicher, Netze % Emissionsminderung Quelle FHG ISE * Zahlen nicht direkt vergleichbar Ø Yearly costs 120 Mrd. Ø today 121 Mrd. Ø Yearly costs 173 Mrd. Ø today * 260 Mrd. Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Potenziale erkennen. Prozesse optimieren. Mehrwert schaffen.

30 Discover Potentials! Optimise Processes! Create Added Value! A clever man solves problems, a wise man avoids them (Chinese proverb) 2010 Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement (IfaS)

31 Thank you for your time and attention Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement Discover Potentials Optimise Processess Create Regional Added Value

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