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4 INDICATIVE LEARNING CONTENT: Learners will be provided with learning opportunities in: concepts of force, mass, velocity, acceleration, impulse and momentum laws and equations of motion and understanding Newton s First and Second Laws Gas laws as arising from key theoretical principles in Kinetic Theory simple calculations using gas laws Boyle s Law, Charles Law, Ideal Gas Law relationships between Avogadro s principle, molecular mass and the mole relationships between wave velocity, frequency and wavelength (for light and sound) positive and negative charges, and using Coulomb s law for force between two charges Electric current as rate of flow of charged particles and voltage as energy transfer per coulomb PART 3: Your comments on this assignment Please provide comments (in bullet point form) about how well you feel you have done in the assignment: 4

6 b) Alongside each case below state a suitable physical quantity corresponding to the units and write the number in the standard format, using an appropriate symbol and prefix, assuming trailing zeros are not significant 47,210 Newtons 56,500 Newtons per metre squared 2,500,000 Watts kilometres 756 microseconds twenty-five thousand volts c) Convert the following values into the units shown and write down the results : 250 cm into m m 2 into mm 2 45 km/hr into m/s 75 miles/hr into m/s 22.5 m/s into km/hr cm 2 into mm tonnes into kg 350 kg into Newtons V into mv 1350 ma into A WORD COUNT: Not applicable 6

7 TAQ 2: Assessment criteria 2.2 Perform simple calculations using gas laws Experiment: You are to imagine that you have carried out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the volume and temperature of an ideal gas known as Charles s Law. Equipment: For this, you would need: a beaker a thermometer a ruler rubber bands a glass tube containing air trapped beneath a liquid (pictured below) water either a kettle of hot water (beware of scalding if TOO hot!) or an insulated container holding ice Hazard: The liquid used is sulphuric acid and the top of the tube is open. Take care not to spill it or break the tube. Method (already employed): Throughout the experiment we are interested in the gas at the bottom of the tube. The liquid above it is there only to keep the gas trapped in place, and so that we can see where the top of the gas is and hence the length of the gas column. The tube containing the gas should be strapped to the ruler using the rubber bands so that you can use the marks on the ruler to measure the length of the gas trapped at the bottom. Since the cross sectional area of the cylinder does not change significantly throughout the experiment, the volume is proportional to the length. Place the ruler and tube into the beaker, along with the thermometer and put in some water. Record the temperature and length of your gas bubble in the first line of a table like the one below. We shall repeat these readings for up to 10 different temperatures. Heat the water by 7

8 adding water from the kettle. Stir the water and record the new temperature and the new length of the bubble. Temp / degrees C Length of bubble/ mm Suppose you have found the results above. Plot them on a graph (Using graph paper) with temperature on the x-axis and length on the y-axis and write about the following points. What does your graph tell you about the relationship between the temperature and volume of the gas in your tube? If the gas was cooled enough, at absolute zero of temperature it would have zero volume. Calculate a value for the absolute zero of temperature from your graph. Look up a value for absolute zero temperature. (you will be able to find this on any web browser) Compare this with the value you found in your experiment. Summarise your conclusions from the experiment in relation to Charles s Law (and anything else you think relevant). WORD COUNT: 200 words 8

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