Transportation Related Injury Data on the Web: What s Out There and How to Use It

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1 Transportation Related Injury Data on the Web: What s Out There and How to Use It Cindy Mervis ~ Maine Transportation Safety Coalition Meeting ~ Sept 11, 2014

2 OUTLINE Online data resources General population information General transportation information Injury outcomes Risk behaviors

3 OUTLINE Use data to: Describe populations of interest Identify problems Compare with other states / U.S. Determine high risk groups Evaluate intervention/prevention activities Example: Teen drivers and motor vehicle injury

4 POPULATION DATA Looking for: Overall counts and demographic characteristics Statewide and by county Past, current, and future Sources: American FactFinder (US Census Bureau) Maine Office of Policy and Management

5

6 Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Selected Age Groups by Sex for the United States, States, Counties, and Puerto Rico Commonwealth and Municipios: April 1, 2010 to July 1, Population Estimates

7

8 Maine State and County Population Projects 2030

9 GENERAL TRANSPORTATION DATA Looking for: License counts, vehicles available, transportation to work Sources: Maine Bureau of Motor Vehicles American FactFinder (US Census Bureau)

10

11

12 American FactFinder: SELECTED HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

13 American Community Survey: SELECTED POPULATION PROFILE IN THE UNITED STATES 2012 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates

14 INJURY OUTCOME DATA Looking for: Deaths, hospitalizations, emergency department visits Sources: WISQARS: Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (US CDC) FARS: Fatality Analysis Reporting System (NHTSA) Maine Injury Prevention Program

15 WISQARS Fatal injuries National, regional, or state data (based on residence) All injury causes or specific intents/mechanisms of interest Broad range of transportation related causes of death

16 WISQARS Fatal injury reports Transportation related, overall Motor vehicle, overall Motor vehicle, traffic Motorcyclist, occupant, pedal cyclist, pedestrian, other, unspecified Pedal cyclist (with or without motor vehicle traffic) Pedestrian (with or without motor vehicle traffic) Transport, other land Transport, other

17 WISQARS Fatal injury maps Leading causes of injury death

18

19

20 FARS Motor vehicle traffic crashes in which 1+ person died within 30 days Police crash reports Crash, vehicle, and person information All people involved in the crash (included those who did not die) Multiple access options Pubs/data requests State traffic safety info FARS data tables Query FARS data

21 State traffic safety info State report (pdf is17 pages) , tables and county-level maps Traffic safety performance measures Fatality rates Alcohol related, BAC Front seat occupant Under 5 year olds, by restraint use Motorcyclists Crash type... and more County report (pdf is 4 pages) , tables Person and crash type Restraint use for occupant fatalities Helmet use for motorcyclist fatalities Person type by race/hispanic origin

22 FARS data tables Choose general category Summary Trends Crashes Vehicles People States Choose state and year Narrow down the focus

23 Choose general category Summary Trends Crashes Vehicles People States Choose state and year Narrow down the focus Maine 2012 All victims Drivers Occupants Restraints Motorcyclists School bus related Pedestrians Pedalcyclists

24 - Motorcyclists killed, by person type and helmet use - Motorcycle riders involved in fatal crashes, by age and license compliance

25 Motorcyclists Killed, by Person Type and Helmet Use - State : Maine, Year : 2012, (Person Type=Riders, Helmet Use = Restraint Not Used)

26

27 Other info includes: previous crashes, suspensions/revocations, DWI/speeding/other harmful MV convictions; license compliance, driver condition, related factors

28 Query FARS data Choose year Choose general types of info Choose variables Apply filters Choose output

29 Choose year 2012 Choose general types of info Crash, vehicle, driver, occupant, precrash Choose variables Age # of occupants Crash hour Day of week Injury severity Person type Apply filters Age 65 Person type = driver State = Maine Choose output Cross tabulation: Crash hour by # of occupants Case listing

30 Crash hour and number of occupants, 65+ year old drivers involved in fatal crashes in Maine, 2012

31 Case listing

32 MAINE INJURY PREVENTION PROGRAM REPORTS Looking for: Deaths, hospitalizations, emergency department visits, risk behaviors Products: Leading causes of injury Annual/biannual injury report Trend report Will be posted on the program s Web site

33 RISK BEHAVIOR DATA Looking for: Seat belt use, impaired driving, etc. Sources: Maine Integrated Youth Health Survey (MIYHS) Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) NHTSA Traffic Safety Facts Maine Bureau of Motor Vehicles

34 RISK BEHAVIOR DATA Complex sample surveys Administer survey to a sample of the population of interest If response rate is high enough, can take survey design into account and extrapolate to the entire population Administered every year or every other year Questions change over time

35 MAINE INTEGRATED YOUTH HEALTH SURVEY (MIYHS) Health and health behaviors Kindergarten/3 rd, 5 th /6 th, middle school (7 th /8 th ), high school (9 th - 12 th ) Every other year, starting in 2009 Transportation related questions (2013; different questions for different age groups) Bike helmets Booster seats, seat belts Back seat Riding with teen drivers Riding with driver who had been drinking / taking drugs Driving after drinking Distracted driving

36 MAINE INTEGRATED YOUTH HEALTH SURVEY (MIYHS) Reports and fact sheets By sex, age, grade, race/ethnicity Trends over time For some questions: county or Public Health District data

37

38 BEHAVIORAL RISK FACTOR SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM (BRFSS) Health related risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, use of prevention services Phone survey 18+ year olds Transportation related questions (2014) Seat belt use Driving when you ve had perhaps too much to drink

39 BEHAVIORAL RISK FACTOR SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM (BRFSS) Data reported: Statewide (and for some sub-state areas) By select demographic characteristics Trends over time

40

41

42 PREGNANCY RISK ASSESSMENT MONITORING SYSTEM (PRAMS) Maternal experiences and behaviors before, during, and after pregnancy Women who have recently had a live birth Mailed / phone survey Transportation related questions ( ?): Prenatal care: Health care worker talked with woman about using a seat belt during pregnancy Hurt in a car crash during pregnancy

43 PREGNANCY RISK ASSESSMENT MONITORING SYSTEM (PRAMS) CPONDER online query system Data available: Statewide (compare with other states) By demographic and other variables Trends over time

44

45 MAINE BUREAU OF MOTOR VEHICLES Data reported: Traffic offense statistics License suspension statistics Blood alcohol statistics

46 Convictions, Maine residents, 2012

47 LIMITATIONS Data are not as timely as we would like Different years available for different data Might not have the exact age group you re interested in Motor vehicle traffic focus Survey data: recall bias; right answer Some Web sites are more user friendly than others Might suppress small numbers (<10 on WISQARS) Concept defined differently in different data systems Different denominators (miles vs. people) State based on where crash occurred vs where person was a resident Motor vehicle might or might not be limited to motor vehicle traffic

48 EXAMPLE: TEEN DRIVERS & MOTOR VEHICLE INJURY year olds Data source specified in footnote

49 Unintentional motor vehicle traffic related injuries, year old Mainers average number per year in Deaths 35 Hospital discharges 150 Emergency dept visits that did not end in hospitalization 2,925 Source: Maine Injury Report (MIPP)

50 Unintentional motor vehicle traffic related injuries, year old Mainers average number per year in Deaths 35 Hospital discharges 150 Emergency dept visits that did not end in hospitalization 2,925 On average... 1 death every 10 days 1 hospital discharge every 58 hours 1 ED visit every 3 hours Source: Maine Injury Report (MIPP)

51 Underlying cause of death, year old Mainers, Other causes, 27% Unintentional MV traffic, 38% Source: WISQARS Suicide, 23% Other unintentional injury, 12%

52 Motor vehicle traffic deaths among year olds in Maine, deaths in 12 crashes Of the 14 deaths: 13 (93%) involved a teen driver 11 (79%) were males 10 (71%) were speed related 13 (93%) were in sedan, compact utility, or pickup 10 (77%) were not using restraints 1 (7%) was on an other motored cycle Source: FARS Not wearing a helmet

53 Percentage Estimated percentage of year olds who have a drivers license, Maine, 2000 and Age (years) Source: Bureau of Motor Vehicles, American FactFinder

54 Motor vehicle risk behaviors among Maine high school students, % never or rarely wear a seat belt when riding in a car driven by someone else 7% never or rarely wear a seat belt when driving a car In the last 30 days: 14% rode in a car or other vehicle driven by someone who had been drinking alcohol 7% drove a car or other vehicle when they had been drinking alcohol 20% rode in a car or other vehicle driven by someone who had been taking illegal drugs such as marijuana 52% did other activities while driving a car, such as eating, talking on a cell phone, combing your hair, etc. Source: MIYHS

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