1 presented for the 10th Annual Midwest Conference on Problem Gambling and Substance Abuse Contact information:
2 Objectives : The participant will learn a new unifying model of addiction, recovery and relapse prevention, The Serenity Model, that will: 1. Increase their understanding of addictive disorders from an anxiety perspective. 2. Aid in relapse prevention and recovery planning. 3. Specifically aid in assessment and treatment of the client having a trauma diagnosis along with being relapse prone.
3 Objectives : Utilizing The Serenity Model, the participant will: 4. Gain understanding of the Anxiety Induced Relapse Process.
4 The Serenity Model TM The Serenity Model of Recovery TM is a unifying theory of addiction, unifying the understanding of the cause, nature, and ultimately the treatment of both chemical and behavioral addictions. The unification of understanding is based on the intrinsic cause of addiction. the addicted client attempts to lessen anxiety by whatever means they have learned will do so, ingesting a chemical or performing an anxiety lessening behavior.
5 The Serenity Model TM The Serenity Model TM can be utilized to aid the counselor and client in understanding the addiction process and to assess and address recovery needs. It incorporates an understanding of the fundamental nature and basis of addiction i.e. anxiety and the addictive behaviors and substances utilized by the addicted client to lessen anxiety.
6 The Serenity Model TM Serenity in this framework is defined as the lessening of anxiety and utilizes psychological, biological, social, and spiritual tools to accomplish this to move into a recovery process that leads to less anxiety to more serenity.
7 Serenity Model of Recovery
8 Anxiety in this sense can be viewed as the brains way of feeling pain. A person may not recognize that the uncomfortable feeling they are having is anxiety. People will use the words stressed nervous antsy agitated irritable etc. for what is really a level of anxiety. Clinicians need to aid the client toward increasing awareness of their anxiety level. We use a one to ten scale with ten being the highest level of anxiety a person can imagine experiencing.
9 At PTS we have found, when aiding persons in awareness of their anxiety, that they experience anxiety in many different ways physiologically. Most persons recognize when they are at a low anxiety level, serenity, and they notice when they are at a high level of anxiety as they have very specific, to them, physiological symptoms. One key to this model is aiding the client in recognizing the graduation of anxiety from low, level 1, to high, level 10.
10 Physiological Symptoms of High Levels of Anxiety include: Tightness in the client s forehead. Clients often state head is going to explode ; Intestinal discomfort such as nausea; Panic like attack, shortness of breath with a rapid heart beat; Tightness in their chest, shoulders, or neck Tingling or numbing in their extremities A person can feel one or a combination of the above physiological anxiety symptoms and others.
11 Observations We noticed many of our clients who struggled achieving long term abstinence, and were termed relapse prone, were also victims of severe trauma. Case study: Bart
12 Observations We have also noticed more persons, as a percentage, with a trauma history in the behavioral addictions group than in our chemical addictions groups. Why? What does this mean? We believe that many of the behavioral addictions clients started utilizing behaviors to deal with their anxiety prior to having mood altering chemicals readily available so they resorted to addictive behaviors to deal with the anxiety. i.e. cutting, restricting food, raging. Their first addiction was to a behavior.
13 Observations We have also noticed many of these clients moved from behavioral addictive behaviors to chemical addictive behaviors later in life, and often, now cross addicted, moved back and forth between behavioral and chemical use, or used both. Since the development of The Serenity Model TM we have become more aware that behavioral addictions are much more common than previously thought.
14 Observations Many of these cross-addicted clients, cross-addicted to both chemical and behavioral use, were undertreated as many programs were for substance disorders only as the counselors did not have the knowledge and expertise to assess and treat the behavioral addictions.
15 Observations These cross-addicted, behavioral and chemically addicted clients were often labeled treatment resistant, in denial or relapse prone.
16 Observations We believe, in reality, the lack of treatment success for these treatment resistant clients has been due to three factors: 1. Our professions lack of understanding of behavioral addiction that chemical and behavioral addictions are inherently the same. Some differences on the outside, but on the inside, the same brain chemistry and learned behavior. Treatment has to treat both at the same time. 2. Under-treating the client due to our lack of knowledge and a unifying theory of treatment- led to development of The Serenity Model TM. 3. Lack of understanding of the Anxiety Induced Dissociation Relapse Process
17 Observations While utilizing The Serenity Model TM we noticed some clients still struggling to achieve abstinence, despite, their seemingly high motivation, utilization of 12-Step support and Step work, along with intensive relapse prevention skills acquisition.
18 We had for many years, experienced what other counselors have heard common, very similar, stories from clients that the relapse was not the client s fault my car automatically pulled into the liquor store parking lot something pulled me toward the casino it was like I was watching myself play the slot machine. Much of the time I didn t believe the client. I would think such statements are just excuses or part of denial.
19 We noticed that many of the clients presenting with these unexplained not my fault relapses had one thing in common. Many were trauma survivors often the trauma was suffered as children. We proposed that an anxiety induced dissociation relapse process, triggered by a certain level of anxiety, could be an explanation of the above relapse phenomena.
20 Case study- Sarah (fictitious name)- molested by uncle. For instance a young person is lying in bed knowing their perpetrator could come in and molest them at any time. Their anxiety increases when the door opens to a certain level of brain pain (anxiety- Level 5?) and they then dissociate- they go somewhere else in their mind ( a learned, reinforced behavior)- until the trauma is over.
21 Case Study Sarah is now an adult. She has learned to utilize addictive chemicals and behaviors to cope with anxiety. She has been in treatment many times for addictive chemical use but has never had her behavioral addiction, shopping, addressed. Sarah has unexplained relapses despite high motivation and recovery behaviors. When Sarah s anxiety level reaches Anx=5 these relapses occur.
22 Treatment 1. Assessment is key 2. Utilization of unifying theory of addiction and treatment such as The Serenity Model TM. 3. Education about the anxiety induced relapse process. 4. Teaching anxiety awareness skills (see worksheet). 5. Trauma therapy, DBT, EMDR
23 Serenity Model of Recovery - Daily Inventory Anxiety The anxiety pot is full at 10 1 to 10 (10 is high) Where do you feel this anxiety in your body? chest If at 6 or above call support 7 Feelings: Name them. Talk about them. Don t ignore them. Thoughts-What is on my mind the most today? What thoughts are fueling the feelings? Troublesome thoughts perfectionistic/demandingness; putting self down; ruminating What intervening thought do you use to stop the distortion? How I will take care of self Exercise how much Type Type Type Type Min Min Min- Min- Nutrition- fruits, veggies, protein portion control Fruits Y, Veggies Y protein Y 3 meals? Y Breakfast? Y Fruits Y, veggies Y protein Y 3 meals? Y Breakfast? Y Fruits Y, veggies Y protein Y 3 meals? Y Breakfast? Y Fruits Y, veggies Y protein Y 3 meals? Y Breakfast? Y Social- Balance- non isolating activities Job, Family, Friend, 12- Step meeting, Sponsor, Fun Job, Y N Family Y N Friend Y N 12-Step mtg Y N Sponsor Y N Fun Y N Job, Y N Family Y N Friend Y N 12-Step mtg Y N Sponsor Y N Fun Y N Job, Y N Family Y N Friend Y N 12-Step mtg Y N Sponsor Y N Fun Y N Job, Y N Family Y N Friend Y N 12-Step mtg Y N Sponsor Y N Fun Y N Spiritual Activities Daily readings Church or online Nature Service Work- helping others Talk to God - Talking Step Work Daily readings Church or online Nature Service Work- helping others Talk to God - Talking Step Work Circle what you do that day. Daily readings Church or online Nature Service Work- helping others Talk to God - Talking Step Work Circle what you do that day. Daily readings Church or online Nature Service Work- helping others Talk to God - Talking Step Work Circle what you do that day. Daily readings Church or online Nature Service Work- helping others Talk to God - Talking Step Work Circle what you do that day. 2
24 Assessment Includes 1. Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) 2. Qualitative and Quantitative Trauma Questionnaires. Research is ongoing
25 Thank you. The End Contact Information Duane L. Olberding website
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