10- Assume you open your credit card bill and see several large unauthorized charges unfortunately you may have been the victim of (identity theft)

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1 1- A (firewall) is a computer program that permits a user on the internal network to access the internet but severely restricts transmissions from the outside 2- A (system failure) is the prolonged malfunction of a computer 3- A (worm) is a program that copies itself repeatedly in memory or on a network, using up resources and possibly shutting down the computer or network 4-A (VPN) provides the mobile user with a secure connection to the company network server 5- (Audit control) software monitors and records computer activity 6- A computer (security risk) is an event, action, or situation that can lead to the loss or destruction of computer systems or their data 7- An internet (denial of service) attack occurs when an internet server is purposely overloaded so that it cannot process legitimate transmissions 8- A (uninterruptible power supply) can protect computers from data loss during power failures 9- A (worm) is a program that does NOT have to be executed in order to propagate over a network 10- Assume you open your credit card bill and see several large unauthorized charges unfortunately you may have been the victim of (identity theft) 11- A (surge protector) shield electronic equipment from power spikes 12- A computer (virus) is a potentially damaging computer program that affects, or infects, a computer negatively by altering the way the computer works without the user s knowledge or permission 13- A person breaking into a computer laboratory and smashing computers is an example of (hardware vandalism) 14- A destructive program that remains on a computer system until the occurrence of special event or time is called a (Time bomb) 15- A (surge protector) uses special electrical components to provide a stable current flow to the computer and other electronic equipment 16- (Antivirus programs) are designed to search for viruses, notify users when they re found, and remove them from infected disks or files 17- A (digital signature) is an encrypted code that a person, website, or organization attaches to an electronic message to verify the identity the sender 18- A (cracker) is someone who accesses a computer or network illegally but has the intent of destroying data, stealing information, or other malicious action

2 19- A (Trojan horse) is a malicious logic program that hides within or looks a legitimate program and usually is triggered by a certain condition or action 20- A (cyber terrorist) is someone who uses the internet to destroy or damage computers for political reasons 21- Another name for a time bomb is a (logic) bomb 22- A (rootkit) is a program that hides in a computer and allows someone from a remote location to take full control of the computer 23- A (uninterruptible power supply) is a battery-powers piece of equipment that provides backup power to a computer for a limited time 24- A (cyberextortionist) is someone who uses as a vehicle for extortion 25- Breaking into other computer system is called (Electronic trespassing) 26- (Corporate spies) are hired to break into a specific computer and steal its proprietary data 27- Crimes that use the internet are called (cybercrimes) 28- Code hidden within a program that damages or destroys files is called a computer (virus) 29- (Denial of service (dos)) attacks bombard servers and web sites with traffic that shuts down networks 30- (Employee monitoring) allows an employer to observe employee phone calls, s, and Web browsing 31-(encryption) is the process of converting readable data into unreadable characters to prevent unauthorized access 32- Firewalls are used to (restrict outsiders from accessing internal data) 33- (Information theft) occurs when someone steals personal or confidential information 34- In which type of attack does the attacker poses as a legitimate company in an or website (phishing) 35- Malicious software is known as (malware) 36- Many web sites require a user to enter a (username), which is a unique combination of characters, such as letters of alphabet or numbers that identifies one specific user 37- of the currently employed access control methods, (biometric authentication) is the most secure, because it involves identification of the user s body, such as his or her eyes or fingerprints

3 38- (Spoofing) is a technique intruders use to make their network or internet transmission appear legitimate to a victim computer or network 39- (Spyware) is technology that collects information from computer users without their knowledge or consent 40- (Software theft) occurs when someone steals software media, intestinally erase programs, or illegally copies a program 41- The scrambling of code is known as (encryption) 42- The term malware is short for (malicious software) 43-The ability to convey a message without disclosing your name or identity is known as (anonymity) 44- To safeguard your equipment and data against power-related issues, you should always use a (surge protector) 45-This type of software collects your personal information, monitors your web surfing habits and distributes this information to a third party (spyware) 46-The ability to convey a message without disclosing your name or identity is known as (anonymity) 47- Using a technique known as (IP spoofing) a message is sent to a computer system using an IP address disguised as one from a trusted source 48- (Unethical employees) break into their employer s computers for a variety of reasons to exploit a security weakness, to seek financial gain from selling confidential information, on to take revenge 49- What do you call a piece of code that attaches to an applications program and secretly spreads when the application program is executes (Virus) 50- What do you call a program that secretly records information about a computer user s activities and sends it out over the internet (Spybot) 51- What do you call a person who access a computer without authorization (Hacker) 52- What do you call a program that perform a useful task while at the same time carrying out some secret destructive act (Trojan horse) 53- What is the best definition of a computer hacker (A hacker is a person who investigates a computer system to understand both its full capabilities and vulnerabilities) 54- What do you call a program that has the ability to execute independently and spread over a computer network? (Worm) 55- Which of the following best describes web bug (a component of a web page that tracks and collects information about visitors)

4 56- What is the study of converting information into encoded or scrambled formats called (Cryptography) 57- Which type of rogue program is disguised as a useful program but contains hidden instructions to perform a malicious task (Trojan horse) 58- Which of the following best describes a web bug (A component of a web page that tracks and collects information about visitors) 59- Which of the following passwords provides the most secure choice 60- What is the best definition of a cookie (It is a plain-text file written to your hard disk by a web site you visit) 61- Which of the following groups of people present the greatest threat to a company s information structure (Company insiders) 62- Which of the following is true of cookies (They help companies track browsing habits and preferences of users) 63- Which of the following NOT a technique you can effectively use to reduce the amount of unauthorized on your computer (Reply to spam and ask to be removed from the mailing list) 64- A script kiddie has the same intent as a cracker but does not have the technical skills and knowledge

5 1- A DOS attack is a technique intruders use to make their network or internet transmission appear legitimate to a victim computer or network ( ) 2- A message that has been coded with an encryption key is referred to as encrypto text ( ) 3- A digital signature guarantees that a message has not been tampered with ( ) 4- A cyberextortionist is someone who uses the internet or a network to destroy or damage computers ( ) 5- All new cell phones have GPS awareness ( ) 6- Before it is encrypted, a readable message is known as ciphertext ( ) 7- Computer forensics is a form of computer crime ( ) 8- Computer crime often goes unreported because businesses fear negative publicity ( ) 9- In general, computer viruses don t discriminate among operating systems; a typical virus can infect any system, regardless of platform ( ) 10- Information can be recovered from a hard drive even after file have been deleted ( ) 11- IP spoofing takes place when hacker sends a message with an IP address disguised as an incoming message ( ) 12- Malware includes spyware, computer viruses and various rogue programs ( ) 13- Organized crime and terrorist organizations aren t likely to commit computer crimes because they don t have the expertise ( ) 14- Private Key encryption is considered essential for e-commerce ( ) 15- Personal firewalls are programs of devices that protect home computers from unauthorized access ( ) 16-Privacy and computer crime are the same ( ) 17- Security procedures eliminate all risks to computers ( ) 18- Smart cards and biometrics are two ways companies may add physical security to computer systems ( ) 18- Spam is a program placed on a computer without the user ( ) 19- Stealing the key used for encryption is called key intermediation ( )

6 20- The next major war will probably involve some kind of cyber-attacks ( ) 21- The majority of computer crimes are committed by hackers and vandals with no ties to the victim companies ( ) 22- The most widely used data recovery technique is making regular backups ( ) 23- Wireless access poses additional security risks ( ) 24- When you browse from site to site, the cookie that has been loaded onto the computer s hard drive is not detected, read and matched with previous browsing activity ( )

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