1 Experience the commitment WHITE PAPER Turning data into reality Seizing the opportunity for transformation using big data analytics in human services September 2013 cgi.com /stateandlocal 2013 CGI GROUP INC.
2 Introduction The chatter around big data and data analytics suggests the potential for a revolution in organizational decision making. According to the hype, by combining large volumes of data, we can find the answers to almost any question. This is true to an extent: through emerging technologies, we are able to combine data sets much more easily, allowing us to answer new questions or those we previously thought were unanswerable. However, the challenge in realizing this technology s full potential is in deciding which questions need answering. This is not only a technology challenge but a human one as well. Some industries are seeing concrete benefits of compiling and analyzing big data. For example, the retail industry is utilizing consumer purchasing data to model behaviors and target specific demographics in marketing campaigns. Retailers are harnessing this data to learn which buyers visit each store location, how often to re-stock certain products, and where to strategically place products to increase sales. The financial industry is analyzing large quantities of data related to credit card usages. They use this information to limit fraud by alerting customers when unusual transactions occur. In the public sector, Medicare and Medicaid programs use big data attributes to root out improper payments and waste, fraud and abuse. In fact, these efforts led to the collection of $2.4 billion worth of payments in Fiscal Year 2012 alone. What does big data mean for health and human services? The Policy Council of the American Public Human Services Association (APHSA) launched Pathways: The Opportunities Ahead for Human Services in 2012 that describes an integrated health and human service system as one that produces value for the people and communities served from the perspective of: a) gainful employment and independence; b) stronger families, adults and communities; c) healthier families, adults and communities, and d) sustained wellbeing of children and youth. To create, deliver and realize that value, APHSA developed the following vision statement: A vision of the future of health and human services A fully integrated health and human services system that operates a seamless, streamlined information exchange, shared services and coordinated care delivery system that is a consumer-focused, modern marketplace experience designed to improve consumer outcomes, improve population health over time, and bend the health and human services cost curve by Many states are transforming their human services delivery system by moving to implement this vision but from different perspectives and at different rates. These efforts range from developing on-ramps to the federal health insurance marketplace to creating their own free-standing marketplaces, as well as re-building or modifying their eligibility and enrollment systems and business processes. Regardless of the approach, states are compelled to redefine their strategic objectives in line with this vision of the 21st Century business model for health and human services; i.e., to create operating systems that are client-focused, interoperable and focused on improved outcomes. 2
3 Key to this transformation is a state s ability to leverage advancements in technology and data analysis to support each organization s unique business objectives. Regardless of the different perspectives or rate of change, understanding how data can be shared and better utilized within the overall context of the organization s future direction, allows considerable steps toward seeing health and human services from a larger perspective. APHSA developed a 21st Century Business Model that outlines the components of the vision identified through Pathways. To operationalize this vision, APHSA developed a Health and Human Services Integration Maturity Model and subsequent self-assessment tool to assist states identify where they lie along the integration continuum. The model describes current operations, or the as-is state, and a vision of transformation, or the to-be state. Key to this transformation is their ability to leverage advancements in technology and data analysis to support each organization s unique business objectives. Regardless of the specific steps followed by understanding how data can be shared and better utilized within the overall context of the organization s future direction, we can take considerable steps toward seeing health and human services from a larger perspective. Advancement in data analytics becomes possible as different data sets become more readily available under this model. When the topic of big data arises, big hype and big cost typically follow in the discussion. The good news is that these traps can be avoided. The technologies that provide the powerful capabilities to analyze the structured data of today s systems, as well as the fast-moving unstructured data of sources, such as social media, are readily available and affordable. When combined with cloud computing, these technologies allow states the potential to analyze their data in new ways. More importantly, there are now mechanisms to truly demonstrate outcomes and apply scarce resources to the best effect. This will be important not only as budget pressures increase, but to best provide health and human services to our increasing population of aging citizens. Traditionally, big data is described in terms of variety, volume and velocity. Big data term Volume Variety Velocity Definition Amount of available data Different sources and types of data, both structured and unstructured Speed of data being produced, processed and made available for access and delivery Though the Three V s may be the traditional definition, this does not mean that a big data project must be far-reaching. In fact, any data analysis project, whether using traditional structured data or unstructured data, should start small with a known information problem that needs to be addressed. Big data programs are also maturing. Today, most big data projects are focused on driving process efficiencies, generating revenue and improving strategic performance. Strategic performance projects are typically much more complicated and cut across departments focusing on multi-departmental or state-wide goals. 3
4 Figure 2: Types of big data projects Big data analytics Type Process efficiency Revenue generation Strategic performance Driver Expedite process Streamline process Improve capabilities Recover money Recover resources Improve decisions Change performance Complexity Query analysis Primarily internal data sources Segmented analysis Internal and external data sources Predictive analytics internal/external/ cross program data State health and human services seeing early success States are beginning to use data analytics to improve services and help reduce costs. Budget pressures push the importance of recovering revenue. For example, the State of Illinois Department of Health and Human Service (HHS) used data analytics to identify over $27M in overpayments to health care providers and an additional $14M in improper payments. States like Louisiana are using this model of detecting fraud in Medicaid to benefit programs related to worker s compensation, unemployment and taxes. Data analytics around fraud, waste and abuse of state benefits will continue to mature. But the opportunities don t end there. Some states are beginning to use data analytics to help with more mature performance goals both administrative and programmatic. Traditional program goals revolve around the number of cases closed, or number of days to process a claim. This is one reason that information technology systems were designed to manage a single process. A manager can query the single system to determine those simple metrics. As processes develop and time-to-complete is reduced, there is still the acknowledgment that the number of claims is increasing. Therefore, the program may need to be looked at differently. Perhaps the goal is not to quickly process what comes in, but rather, to find out why the number of claims continues to increase. We are beginning to see how states are using data differently, and how to analyze it against other sets of data that are free from the current siloed system. 4
5 For example, the state of Michigan set a goal to enhance child protection services through improving case management around child abuse, neglect, foster care, adoption and legal guardianship among 14,500 children enrolled in child welfare programs. By partnering with State Administration Court, the Department of Health and Human Services shared performance measurements in the areas of safety, pregnancy, timeliness and well-being. By sharing data and performing analytics on related information, they were able to increase family reunifications by more than 30% among temporary court wards in just one year. To date, most of the data analytics projects look at what occurred after the process in order to make improvements to a program. However, more mature data analytics use data to predict future outcomes to shift resources before the problem occurs which often saves money. A great example is the U.S. federal government s attempt to predict homelessness rates and the potential to predict where the rates might increase. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is partnering with the Veterans Affairs Department to identify locations with high concentrations of military personal that are retiring or not reenlisting. While it is common for young people to sign up for only 2 or 4 years of military service, those areas with large numbers of these individuals are often in need of housing assistance and other programs. Rather than waiting for the problem to occur, the government can proactively support these areas. Examples of Big Data Analytics Opportunities in Health and Human Services Process efficiency: Family case management improvements Adoption case management Recovering revenue: Fraud related to child care benefits Fraud related to workers compensation Fraud related to Medicaid Strategic direction: Reducing the amount of low birth weight babies born to mothers on welfare Reducing the number of food stamp recipients Lowering the percentage of citizens living in poverty 5
6 Getting started It is important to recognize that you cannot simply go full throttle when it comes to big data. Think big, but start slow it is best to cultivate expertise and build on demonstrated successes. Answers to the following questions can be a useful guide. Questions 1 What kind of transformation is the most important to the department? What problems need solving? 2 What kind of data can help me solve the problem? How do I need to organize to gain access? 3 Do you have analysts and subject matter experts available and skilled to support? 4 Do you have the technical tools to bring the data together and support analysis? Figure 2: Getting started with data analytics Identify transformation project Define problem Identify questions Enlist subject matter experts Internal External Identify data sources Internal department Related departments Public Access data sensitivity Security Privacy Design architecture and identify tools Decision support Application layers Analytical tools Storage Implement solution Big data projects are initiated to solve a business problem. Transformational projects can include major business process improvements, revenue generation or new performance goals. In some cases, transformation may involve multiple goals and objectives. Once the problem is identified, enlist subject matter experts to help identify data that can be combined to solve the issue. It may make sense to bring in outsiders who have relevant experience in either the same industry, or a similar agency, to bring a fresh perspective. 6
7 Data inventory is key Take a data inventory of all existing systems that serve the state health and human service enterprise, including judgments about data quality and compatibility. Take a data inventory of all existing external systems that send/receive data to/from the health and human service enterprise, including judgments about data quality and compatibility. Make an inventory of external data sources of health care data from the federal government and other relevant sources. Engage with outside data experts for further insights into possible data sources. External publicly-available information is often overlooked, yet valuable. Once you identify the data sources, assess the sensitivity of each data set. Are there security or privacy concerns associated with the data set? If so, make sure to take every precaution to ensure the protection of this data. Know which data is sensitive and understand the level of risk associated with a security breach. Often data can be protected within the construct and design of your data system, but knowing what needs protecting is important to that design. Finally, involve a systems and data architect and technical staff to design how the data will be brought together. The architects build the application layers and identify the proper tools and data storage requirements based on the business needs. Technical and program staff work together to develop rule engines and models used in analytical tools. They also work together to design the visual display of the data. This may seem complicated, but today there are many different analytical tools some of which can be stood up in a cloud environment to be shared across agencies. Once a data project has been executed, the emerging data culture should be institutionalized. This includes developing a data governance model, extending policy and practices for data sharing, and ensuring that privacy and cyber security are adequately addressed. In the current budget environment, it will serve you well to proceed slowly but deliberately with specific goals and objectives in mind. By creating a data culture, while establishing and institutionalizing good data management practices, you will position yourself well for future needs and requirements. 7
8 References McKinsey Global Institute, Big Data: The Next Frontier for Innovation, Competition, and Productivity, May 2011 TechAmerica, Demystifying Big Data: Practical Guide to Transforming the Business of Government Cari DeSantis for the American Public Human Services Association, Business Model for Horizontal Integration of Health and Human Services, 2012 CMS, Medicare National Recovery Audit Quarterly Newsletter, September 30, Optum, White Paper Embracing a New Data Culture, 2012 About CGI At CGI, we re in the business of satisfying clients by helping them succeed. Since our founding in 1976, we ve operated upon the principles of sharing in clients challenges and delivering quality services to address them. As the world s fifth largest IT and business process services provider, CGI has a strong base of 69,000+ professionals operating in more than 400 offices worldwide. Through these offices, we offer local partnerships and a balanced blend of global delivery options to ensure clients receive the optimal combination of value and expertise required for their success. We define success by helping our clients achieve superior performance and gain competitive advantage. cgi.com/stateandlocal 2013 CGI GROUP INC.
SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION AGENCY STRATEGIC PLAN ALWAYS SERVING FORWARD LOOKING Our Commitment To The American People FISCAL YEARS 2014 2018 socialsecurity.gov Follow the Social Security Administration
WHITEPAPER Get the Right People: 9 Critical Design Questions for Securing and Keeping the Best Hires Steven Hunt & Susan Van Klink Get the Right People: 9 Critical Design Questions for Securing and Keeping
fs viewpoint www.pwc.com/fsi 02 15 19 21 27 31 Point of view A deeper dive Competitive intelligence A framework for response How PwC can help Appendix Where have you been all my life? How the financial
www.pwc.com PwC Advisory Oracle practice 2012 How to drive innovation and business growth Leveraging emerging technology for sustainable growth 1 Heart of the matter Top growth driver today is innovation
Reflecting Our Communities Building a Diverse BC Public Service Introduction British Columbia s history in many ways is a story of finding strength and opportunity through diversity. And our ability to
Making Smart IT Choices Understanding Value and Risk in Government IT Investments Sharon S. Dawes Theresa A. Pardo Stephanie Simon Anthony M. Cresswell Mark F. LaVigne David F. Andersen Peter A. Bloniarz
DIGITAL GOVERNMENT: BUILDING A 21 ST CENTURY PLATFORM TO BETTER SERVE THE AMERICAN PEOPLE MAY 23, 2012 Table of Contents Introduction 1 Part A. Information-Centric 9 1. Make Open Data, Content, and Web
An Oracle White Paper March 2012 Eight Steps to Great Customer Experiences for Government Agencies Introduction... 1 Best Practices for Better Service... 2 Customer Experience Challenges for Government
Introduction.... 1 Emerging Trends and Technologies... 3 The Changing Landscape... 4 The Impact of New Technologies... 8 Cloud... 9 Mobile... 10 Social Media... 13 Big Data... 16 Technology Challenges...
Connecting Health and Care for the Nation A Shared Nationwide Interoperability Roadmap DRAFT Version 1.0 Table of Contents Letter from the National Coordinator... 4 Questions on the Roadmap... 6 Executive
Transforming the Way Government Builds Solutions > ACT-IAC Institute for Innovation 2013 American)Council)for)Technology Industry)Advisory)Council:)) The American Council for Technology (ACT) is a non-profit
building a performance measurement system USING DATA TO ACCELERATE SOCIAL IMPACT by Andrew Wolk, Anand Dholakia, and Kelley Kreitz A Root Cause How-to Guide ABOUT THE AUTHORS Andrew Wolk Widely recognized
Creating a 21 st Century Government In order for our country to continue leading in the 21 st Century economy, we need a 21 st Century Government. We need a Government that is lean, efficient, and continuously
SAP Statement of Direction Business Intelligence Solutions Business Intelligence Solutions from SAP: Statement of Direction Table of Contents 3 Quick Facts 4 Driving Business Innovation Through Radical
FEDERAL HEALTH IT STRATEGIC PLAN 2015 2020 Prepared by: The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) Office of the Secretary, United States Department of Health and Human
National Spatial Data Infrastructure Strategic Plan 2014 2016 Federal Geographic Data Committee December 2013 Federal Geographic Data Committee Federal Geographic Data Committee, Reston, Virginia: 2013
A Cooperative Agreement Program of the Federal Maternal and Child Health Bureau and the American Academy of Pediatrics Acknowledgments The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) would like to thank the Maternal
TRANSFORM YOUR CITY THROUGH INNOVATION THE INNOVATION DELIVERY MODEL FOR MAKING IT HAPPEN JANUARY 2014 CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 1 THE IMPERATIVE FOR INNOVATION... 2 WHAT IS THE INNOVATION DELIVERY MODEL?....
A BluepRint to End Hunger 2008 1 Acknowledgments The following people assisted with the development of this document: Bill Ayres, World Hunger Year George Braley, Feeding America Maura Daly, Feeding America
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE 21 st Century Challenges Reexamining the Base of the Federal Government GAO-05-325SP FEBRUARY 2005 Contents Preface 1 Section 1: Introduction 5 Section 2:
United States Department of Justice Federal Bureau of Investigation Information Technology Strategic Plan FY 2010 2015 CIO s Vision to deliver reliable and effective technology solutions needed to fulfill
Is Connectivity A Human Right? For almost ten years, Facebook has been on a mission to make the world more open and connected. For us, that means the entire world not just the richest, most developed countries.
ICC CYBER SECURITY GUIDE FOR BUSINESS ICC CYBER SECURITY GUIDE FOR BUSINESS Acknowledgements The ICC Cyber security guide for business was inspired by the Belgian Cyber security guide, an initiative of
A Requirement for Virtualization and Cloud Computing An ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATES (EMA ) White Paper Prepared for FrontRange Solutions October 2012 IT & DATA MANAGEMENT RESEARCH, INDUSTRY ANALYSIS
Best practice in the cloud: an introduction Using ITIL to seize the opportunities of the cloud and rise to its challenges Michael Nieves AXELOS.com White Paper April 2014 Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 The