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1 2014 Foley & Lardner LLP Attorney Advertising Prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome Models used are not clients but may be representative of clients 321 N. Clark Street, Suite 2800, Chicago, IL Foley & Lardner LLP Attorney Advertising Prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome Models used are not clients but may be representative of clients 321 N. Clark Street, Suite 2800, Chicago, IL

2 War Stories from the Cloud John Summers, VP Cloud Security

3 The Akamai Intelligent Platform The Platform 150,000+ Servers 2,300+ Locations 750+ Cities 92 Countries 1,227+ Networks The Data 2 trillion hits per day 780 million unique IPv4 addresses seen quarterly 13+ trillion log lines per day 260+ terabytes of compressed daily logs 15-30% of all web traffic 2013 AKAMAI FASTER FORWARD TM

4 How the Akamai Platform Works Application Server Edge Region close to Origin Server High Performance Global Overlay Network Edge Region close to End User Users Web-enabled Applications Mobile Applications IP Applications SureRoute and Akamai Protocol optimize route and reduce round trips Security embedded into Akamai Edge Servers 2013 AKAMAI FASTER FORWARD TM

5 The Akamai Platform Provides a Perimeter Defense (Cloud) Datacenters End User Origin Traffic Akamai Traffic AKAMAI FASTER FORWARD TM

6 Attacks Are Increasing in Size and Frequency Number of attacks per year Attack size (Gigabits per second) Attack size (Million packets per second) x AKAMAI FASTER FORWARD TM TM

7 Attack Trends Growth in reflection DDoS attacks The rise of DDoS as a service sites Robust attack landscape reflects geopolitical landscape 2013 AKAMAI FASTER FORWARDTM

8 Technology Trends The Enterprise attack surface continues to grow Continued movement of applications to the cloud Bring your own device and SAAS applications means more enterprise traffic is completely outside the perimeter 2013 AKAMAI FASTER FORWARDTM

9 Case Study: Large Financial Institution Challenge Maintain customer Web experience during a multi-dimensional DDoS attack by a sophisticated attacker Solution Cloud-based Web security that stops DDoS attacks at the edge, before they reach the application Day 1 HTTP flood against home page 30 Gbps, 4m requests/min peak Maintained normal customer traffic through the attack Day 2 Avoid data theft and downtime by extending the security perimeter outside the data-center and Day 2 protect from increasing frequency, scale and HTTP flood against sophistication of web attacks. DNS-based volumetric attack 40 Gbps, 1.8m requests/s peak Maintained 100% availability unprotected Web site Page view errors spike 1,327% 2013 AKAMAI FASTER FORWARD TM

10 Case Study: DDoS Attack against Media Company Q2 14 attack targeted a politically-active newspaper in APJ Phase 1 Bandwidth: 88 Gbps Requests: 56 Mpps Duration: 18 hours Phase 2 Bandwidth: 93 Gbps Packets: 53 Mpps Duration: 30 hours Phase 3 Bandwidth: 111 Gbps Packets: 53 Mpps Duration: 3 hours W Th F S S M T W Th F S S 2013 AKAMAI FASTER FORWARD TM

11 Not just DDoS: Mobile check deposit application attack What happened Anonymous attacker accessed URLs for mobile check deposit application 120,000 times over four hours Web requests for checkfront.jpg, checkback.jpg, and more Avoid data theft and downtime by extending the security perimeter outside the data-center and protect from increasing frequency, scale and sophistication of web attacks. How the attack was defeated Web application firewall rate controls 2013 AKAMAI FASTER FORWARD TM

12 Large March 2014 Attack Mixed Attack, Significant NTP Traffic DDoS Start :: 8MAR14 13:52:00 UTC DDoS Stop :: 9MAR14 02:00:00 UTC Peak Bps :: 200+Gbps Peak Pps :: 65Mpps 2 hosts targeted on Random UDP/TCP/ICMP ports 2013 AKAMAI FASTER FORWARDTM

13 320 Gbps DDoS Attack against Gaming Customer Largest attack ever mitigated by Akamai against a single customer Prolexic: Targeted primary website, supporting network infrastructure, and DNS Multiple attack vectors: SYN / UDP floods against an entire subnet Volumetric attack against DNS Fast DNS: Attack characteristics: 320 Gbps and 71.5 Mpps peak attack traffic through Prolexic scrubbing centers 2.1 million requests/s through Fast DNS 2013 AKAMAI FASTER FORWARDTM

14 One Attack in a Broader DDoS Attack Campaign Two-month campaign against single customer 39 distinct attacks targeting applications and DNS infrastructure Eight attacks >100 Gbps including record 321 Gbps attack Start Infrastructure (Gbps) Web (Gbps) DNS (Mpps) DNS (Mpps) End 2013 AKAMAI FASTER FORWARD TM

15 Web Application Attacks and Holiday Shopping Spike in attacks against Top 30 retailers 5.6x increase in blocked attacks from Nov 1 to Nov k Attacks grew twice as fast as user traffic 2x increase in blocked attacks per page view 222k.038 Blocked attacks Blocked attacks per page view 65k k k Nov 1 Nov 8 Nov 15 Nov 22 Nov 29 Attacks.016x Ratio 50x AKAMAI FASTER FORWARD TM TM

16 Leveraging Big Data to Understand Attackers The following slides are based on a real events on January 5th Akamai, we are under attack! AKAMAI FASTER FORWARDTM

17 Ad-Hoc Attack Analysis An attempt to exploit an old (2007) WordPress Remote File Inclusion vulnerability. The victim application was running ASP.NET GET /wp-content/wordtubebutton.php?wppath= HTTP/1.1 Host: User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_8_4) Attacked parameter : Malicious payload: wppath AKAMAI FASTER FORWARD TM

18 What Else Did This Attacker Do On This Site? Same attacker Sent 2122 different RFI exploit attempts 2013 AKAMAI FASTER FORWARD TM

19 34 different sites were attacked by the same attacker with a total of 24,301 attacks 2013 AKAMAI FASTER FORWARDTM

20 Was There Similar Activity Going On At The Same Time? Attacks originated from a botnet containing 272 attacking machines 1696 victim applications were targeted 1,358,980 attacks were launched during the campaign The campaign lasted for 2 weeks

21 Closing Thoughts Attacks are increasing targeting the application Most web applications have vulnerabilities that can be exploited Organizations need to incorporate security into their SDLC It is simply not possible to patch a production vulnerability fast enough A cloud security layer is no longer a nice to have 2013 AKAMAI FASTER FORWARDTM

22 2013 AKAMAI FASTER FORWARDTM

23 2014 Foley & Lardner LLP Attorney Advertising Prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome Models used are not clients but may be representative of clients 321 N. Clark Street, Suite 2800, Chicago, IL Foley & Lardner LLP Attorney Advertising Prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome Models used are not clients but may be representative of clients 321 N. Clark Street, Suite 2800, Chicago, IL

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