1 PHYSICAL SECURITY IN OIL REFINERIES IN INDIA JAIDEEP PRASAD, IPS DIG/CISF(NZ)
2 WHY SECURITY? Oil is a crucial input for industrial growth.. Increased oil production gives impetus to capital formation (which in turn makes more resources available for investments). Oil Industry plays a significant and pivotal role in the development of the economy Security and safety of this industry assumes special significance as our country faces threats from external and internal disruptive forces.
3 PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS Highly volatile Highly inflammable Highly hazardous Highly vulnerable Easy target from ground, sea, air.
4 SOME OF THE MAJOR OIL REFINERIES Name of Sector Name of Oil refinery North Mathura (UP) Panipat (Haryana) 4 North east East West South Gawahati (Assam) Bongaigaon (Assam) Haldia (West Bengal) Paradip(Orissa) Barauni (Bihar) Baroda (Gujarat) Reliance Refinery (Gujarat) Pvt Sector VIZAG Refinery (AP) Manglore Refinery (Karnataka) Kochi Refinery (Kerala)
5 AIM OF SECURITY To protect - Company Assets & Premises Information Classified/ Non Classified & Sensitive Storage Devices Security of Personnel 5 To Prevent - Deterioration of Law & Order - Infiltration - Theft/Pilferage
6 THREAT PERCEPTION Oil refineries are hyper sensitive from security point of view. Probable threats- 6 Bomb threat/ Explosion Terrorist attack Threat from rocket launchers Forcible armed intrusion Sabotage Fire Espionage Theft/Pilferage Inflammable/toxic vapour release
7 VITAL INSTALLATIONS Oil production unit, storage tanks, pipelines in refinery Water works, pumping stations, distribution system, fire hydrants Electricity generating plants, transmission line and distribution system Bottling/Chemical manufacturing plants
8 STANDARD SECURITY GADGETS REQUIRED IN ANY REFINERY CCTV/PIDS camera VHF / Walkie Talkies Link Link Metal detectors (HHMD/DFMD) Tyre ripper/ Spike barrier / Trolley mirrors Bullet proof jackets with helmet Turnstile gates with thumb reader Link Link Link Dragon search lights / Night vision devices X-ray baggage inspection system (X-BIS) Explosive detector/ Bomb blankets / Dog squad Link Link Link Link 8
9 SOME THE STANDARD PHYSICAL SECURITY MEASURES 9 The standard height of the perimeter wall should be10 ft with concertina coil fencing of 2 ft. Link The vegetation needs to be pruned at regular intervals. Proper lighting arrangement in and around the perimeter wall especially in night hours. Movement of employees/ contractor/ labours/ visitors / vehicles should be regulated at the gates, Viz. separate gate for men, vehicles and materials. To prevent any forcible entry of vehicles, gates should be provided with iron barriers, bollards. Link
10 Contd Regular patrolling by the Quick Response Team round the clock. Link Morchas at the gates. Link Integrated control room with proper communication facility and CCTV /PIDS room for surveillance Link Deployment of personnel in plain cloth for collection of Intelligence. Computerized pass system for contractor/ labour and materials- C&A verification- a must to prevent any unauthorized element inside the refinery. Computerized visitor pass system
11 IOC Mathura IOC Panipat MAJOR ACHIEVEMENTS Mega shutdown during Sept- Nov worker/men engaged in the refinery Computerized pass section/separate entry gate ensured incident free shutdown. ED / IOC acknowledged the efforts of CISF Property worth 3.3 lacs recovered on persons handed over to Police IOC Baroda Fire broke out on while operating the valve CISF QRT extinguished the fire and saved the life of an engineer. IOC Haldia Best Detection Award 2013 for CISF Best Security performance Award 2013 for CISF Fire broke out on in 11 KV Station - CISF QRT personnel extinguished the fire quickly - 03 Rewards given by the management
12 PROTECTION AGAINST FIRE Infrastructural Arrangements Fire Alarm and Detectors Fire Extinction Fuel Starvation Smothering & Cooling Interface with the Reaction Fire Fighting
13 CISF fire wing provide fire protection coverage to 91 public sector undertaking and industries as: Power sector - 49 units. Oil & natural gas - 10 units. Chemicals and fertilizer - 03 units. Steel plants - 08 units. Coal sector - 02 units. Port trust - 01 units. Others industries -18 units. CISF FIRE WING * IOC Refineries have their own Fire Wing.
14 MAJOR FIRE INCIDENTS H.P.C.L Refinery Fire VIZAG. (In year 23 August 2013 ) Link IOC Oil Depot Fire Hazira Surat on 05th Jan 13 Link IOC Oil Depot Fire and explosion Jaipur. (In year 29 Link Oct 2009, six killed and 150 injured) I.P.C.L. Nagothane fire and explosion. (In year 1990) H.P.C.L.Refinery fire and explosion VIZAG. ( In year 1990,one killed, 35 injured)
15 SECURITY/SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Ensure entry of authorized persons/vehicles in plant premises. Regular rehearsal of contingency plan to face eventualities Interaction with state intelligence machinery for operational preparedness. Observance of good housekeeping practices Control all hot works inside plant areas
16 Contd.. Train plant personnel on first aid fire fighting. Do not allow smoking in areas where flammable materials are kept. Use electrical fittings of approved standard for each equipment location. Any time a fire extinguisher is used, the fire station should be informed for follow up action.
17 ANY QUESTIONS??
35 MAJOR FIRE AND EXPLOSION H.P.C.L. REFINERY VIZAG A major blast rocked the Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) refinery at Malkapuram in the city at around 10.30pm. on Dated The blast was allegedly triggered by a short circuit in the crude oil unit CD-3 of the refinery and set the unit a blaze. The impact of the blast was such that the flames soared feet high and the blast could be heard one kilometre away from the plant. Firefighters from the state fire services department rushed to the spot within 20 minutes of the blast and over five fire tenders were pressed into service even as the HPCL fire safety wing officials tried to douse the fire at the refinery that has a current capacity of 8.5 million metric tones per annum (mmtpa). Ambulances too rushed to the spot to cater to the injured.
36 MAJOR FIRE AT INDIAN OIL CORPORATION S HAZIRA DEPOT An explosion set off a major fire at a diesel storage tank of Indian Oil Corporation's (IOC) Hazira terminal in Surat on Saturday at pm. The tank number 4 had developed a leak three days ago and welding work by three workers from IOC's Vadodara unit was on when the explosion occurred. Meanwhile, 500 fire fighters from Surat, Navsari and Billimora were battling to extinguish the fire. Fire fighters from CISF ONGC Hazira, L&T, Essar and Reliance Industries were also assisting them. At least 25 water tankers are engaged in putting out the fire in the tank, while over 55 fire tenders and 30 water tankers trying to prevent spreading of fire to other tanks in the vicinity. It would still take several hours before the fire is extinguished.
37 JAIPUR IOC DEPOT FIRE AND EXPLOSION The Jaipur oil depot fire broke out on 29 October 2009 at 7:30 PM (IST) at the Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) oil depot's giant tank holding 8,000 kilolitres (280,000 cu ft) of oil, in Sitapura Industrial Area on the outskirts of Jaipur, Rajasthan, killing 12 people and injuring over 200. The blaze continued to rage out of control for over a week after it started and during the period half a million people were evacuated from the area. The oil depot is about 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) south of the city of Jaipur The incident occurred when petrol was being transferred from the Indian Oil Corporation's oil depot to a pipeline. There were at least 40 IOC employees at the terminal, situated close to the Jaipur International Airport, when it caught fire with an explosion. The Met department recorded a tremor measuring 2.3 on the Richter scale around the time the first explosion at 7:36 pm which resulted in shattering of glass windows nearly 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from the accident site
38 FIRE CALLS CISF Fire Wing attended total of 3735 Fire Calls including 18 Major Fire incidents in 2013 Saved property worth Rs Crores.
We thank our partners for their support INDIA CHAPTER Report compiled & written by: Garry Singh (Pinkerton) Dr. Anjali Sharma (Pinkerton) Kiran Rampal (Pinkerton) Raj Kular (Pinkerton) Sumeet Gupta (FICCI)
Emergency Management Guide for Business and Industry A Step-by-Step Approach to Emergency Planning, Response and Recovery for Companies of All Sizes FEMA 141/October 1993 EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT GUIDE FOR
Control of Major Accident Hazards The underlying causes of the explosion and fire at the Buncefield oil storage depot, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire on 11 December 2005 the Competent Authority Contents
PRACTICAL FIRE SAFETY GUIDANCE FOR EDUCATIONAL AND DAY CARE FOR CHILDREN PREMISES Revised February 2008 The guidance in this document has been jointly produced by the Scottish Government s Police and Community
Royal Children s Hospital INTERNAL EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN FOR INTERNAL EMERGENCIES DIAL 55 TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION 1: CONTENTS AND EMERGENCY RESOURCES 5 Amendments 5 Related Links 6 SECTION 2: INTRODUCTION
Texas Homeland Security Strategic Plan 2010-2015 Rick Perry Governor i Table of Contents GOVERNOR S INTRODUCTION --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Guidelines to Developing Emergency Action Plans for All-Hazard Emergencies in High-Rise Office Buildings (Photo courtesy of Gary718/Dreamstime.com) Copyright 2013 National Fire Protection Association January
RISK ASSESSMENT AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLAN Group Housing Project encompasses the lives of a large number of people. It also involves installation of various structures and machineries that meet the comfort
Emergency Preparedness Checklist for Small Businesses Emergency Preparedness Checklist for Small Businesses 1. How vulnerable would your business be if a disaster or other emergency were to occur? Developing
Guide for Safety with Underground Services The following utility companies, organisations and associations assisted in the production of this guide: Telecom New Zealand Ltd. DELTA Transpower New Zealand
Pilot Programme for the Promotion of Environmental Management in the Private Sector of Developing Countries (P3U) Good Housekeeping Manual (GHK ) September 2006 Why did GTZ/P3U develop the Good Housekeeping
Report of the Security in Iraq Accountability Panel (SIAP) New York, 3 March 2004 UN Secretariat Summary of Main Findings and Conclusions 1. The Report of the Security in Iraq Accountability Panel (SIAP)
Risk Control Bulletin Water Damage Prevention A Property Protection Imperative Water is one of the most destructive agents when released into a building. Water erodes surfaces; causes rot and deterioration
CAL OSHA IS IT SAFE TO ENTER A CONFINED SPACE? CONFINED SPACE GUIDE Reviewed/Updated 2012 CaliforniaDepartment of Industrial Relations Cal/OSHA Consultation Service Education Unit Publishing Information
Occupational Safety and Health Guidance Manual for Hazardous Waste Site Activities Prepared by: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Security Guidelines for General Aviation Airports Information Publication A-001 May 2004 Version 1.0 This guidance document was developed by TSA, in cooperation with the General Aviation (GA) community.
WORLD SHIPPING COUNCIL P A R T N E R S I N T R A D E Best Management Practices for Protection against Somalia Based Piracy InterManager BMP4 Best Management Practices for Protection against Somalia Based
regulations governing TreaTmenT, storage, and aaadisposal facilities aaa Overview... III-53 What is a TSDF?... III-54 - Permits and Interim Status... III-54 - Exemptions... III-55 General Facility Standards...
Health and Safety Executive Personal protective equipment at work (Second edition) Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992 (as amended) Guidance on Regulations Health and Safety Executive
Fort Bend Independent School District Safety and Security Master Plan Proposal As of July 22, 2014 INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND The Fort Bend Independent School District s Safety and Security Master Plan
DRAFT FOR CONSULTATION Health and Safety at Work (General Risk and Workplace Management) Regulations 2015 Governor-General Order in Council At Wellington this day of 2015 Present: in Council Pursuant to
April 21, 2009 Dines Bjørner: MITS: Models of IT Security: 1 Models of IT Security Security Rules & Regulations: An Interpretation Dines Bjørner Fredsvej 11, DK 2840 Holte, Denmark Presented at Humboldt
Report on Cybersecurity and Critical Infrastructure in the Americas Contents Message from OAS Assistant Secretary General... 1 Foreword... 3 Organization of American States... 3 Trend Micro... 4 Executive