Microchip Technology. February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 1

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1 Microchip Technology February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 1

2 Connectivity Solutions Wired Wireless February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 2

3 Microchip Solutions More complex software Operating Systems >40 MIPS >256KB USB, Ethernet, QVGA, etc. Growing Meeting Customer Needs Performance PIC10 6 pins Up to 1KB Flash PIC12 8 pins Up to 4KB Flash PIC pins Up to 16KB Flash PIC24F 16 MIPS pins Up to 256KB Flash PIC18 10 MIPS pins Up to 128KB Flash PIC24H 40 MIPS pins Up to 256KB Flash dspic30f 30 MIPS pins Up to 144KB Flash dspic33 40 MIPS pins Up to 256KB Flash Unified MPLAB Integrated Development Environment 32bit 16bit 8bit Migration February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 3

4 Connectivity Landscape Wireless BlueTooth WiFi Now ZigBee MiWi Irda Future Not Planned Wired LIN 10/100 Ethernet Giga Ethernet CAN FS-USB/OTG HS-USB Serial Parallel Port 500 Kb/s 1 Mb/s 1.5 Mb/s 12 Mb/s 100 Mb/s 480 Mb/s1 1 Gb February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 4

5 Complete Solution Silicon Product + Software Protocol + Dev Boards = Analog MCU Memory? Microchip Connectivity Complete Solution February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 5

6 Wireless (IEEE ) February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 6

7 IEEE Wireless Networks Mu Chipsets In-Stat February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 7

8 Wireless Networking Options Range (meters) 10,000 1, Proprietary Cellular Technologies GSM, GPRS MiWi ZigBee IEEE WLAN Technologies IEEE Bluetooth ,000 10, ,000 Data Rate (kbps) February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 8

9 IEEE Frequencies and Data Rates Band Coverage Data Rate Channels 2.4 GHz ISM Worldwide 250 kbps MHz Europe 20 kbps MHz ISM Americas 40 kbps 10 February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 9

10 IEEE Sub-GHz PHY 868 MHz Band, Europe 20 kbps, BPSK 1 Channel Channel MHz 915 MHz ISM Band, USA 40 kbps, BPSK 10 Channels Channels MHz 2 MHz 928 MHz February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 10

11 IEEE GHz PHY 2.4 GHz PHY Channels MHz 2.4 GHz GHz 2.4 GHz ISM Band Worldwide except France & Spain 250 kbps, O-QPSK (Offset QPSK) 16 Channels February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 11

12 IEEE TG4 FEATURES Data rates of 250 kbps, 40 kbps, and 20 kbps. Two addressing modes; 16-bit short and 64-bit IEEE addressing. Support for critical latency devices, such as joysticks. CSMA-CA channel access. Automatic network establishment by the coordinator. Fully handshaked protocol for transfer reliability. Power management to ensure low power consumption. 16 channels in the 2.4GHz ISM band, 10 channels in the 915MHz I and one channel in the 868MHz band. February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 12

13 Target Applications Monitors Sensors Control, automation Security Lighting HVAC Access, closures MiWi ZigBee Protocols Remote monitors Remote meter reading Sensor Monitors Diagnostics Dispensing RF Remotes Gameboys PC Peripherals Gaming Security Lighting Appliance control, HVAC Access, closures February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 13

14 Name customer key concerns when a wireless design is considered. Antenna Design Regulatory Certification Frequency Selection Network Size/Management $$$ MCU Selection Interoperability Data Rate Power Consumption Radio Range February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 14

15 What Is ZigBee Range: m Data Rate: kbps February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 15

16 Star network Network configuration Cluster Tree Mesh Network February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 16

17 Wireless Protocols (IEEE ) ZigBee Protocol: Industry standard, large networks MiWi Protocol: Proprietary, small private network ZigBee Alliance survey conducted in Japan found that only 9% of networks require more than 100 total nodes 80% of MRF24J40 Early Adopter customers are using MiWi February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 17

18 ZigBee Vs. MiWi Example Application Code size Large 65K nodes, infinite hops Small 1K nodes, 4 hops Cost $$ $ Interoperability Certification Standard Regulatory and Compliance Proprietary Regulatory Only February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 18

19 ZigBee vs. MiWi (Code Size) Silicon Product + Software Protocol + Dev Boards = Complete Solution ZigBee MiWi Savings Function (bytes) (bytes) % Coordinator 40K 10K 75% Node 21K 3K 86% Free ZigBee and MiWi protocol stacks Down load at Must use PIC MCU & MRF24J40 MiWi foot print small enough for PIC16 ZigBee and MiWi protocol support for PIC18, PIC24 & dspic February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 19

20 MiWi vs. ZigBee Proprietary network Small networks 4 hop max Dynamic topology Small footprint Low overhead Device discovery Descriptor reports No indirect messaging Interoperable Large networks Infinite hops Dynamic topology Large footprint High overhead Device discovery Service discovery Bindings February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 20

21 MiWi vs. ZigBee Code Size Standard Coordinator Router End Device Available online as an application note <16kbyte <16kbyte 2-8kbyte Coordinator Router End Device 37-96kbyte 30-64kbyte 18-40kbyte Open standard, standardized information format for interoperability Network 1024 nodes, 4 hop max 65,536 nodes, hops Cost Certification Must use a Microchip microcontroller and MRF24J40 None required other than standard wireless certification (FCC, ) $3,500 per year + testing fees + certification fee -or- $9,500 per year + testing fees + certification Compliance certification or No Harm certification + standard wireless certification (FCC, ) February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 21

22 MRF24J40 Silicon Product PIC MCU MRF24J40 + Software Protocol + Dev Boards = Complete Solution API ZigBee or MiWi stack SPI MAC (Tx/Rx) PHY (Tx/Rx) 300+ Microchip MCUs MRF24J40 Features: IEEE compliant ZigBee and MiWi protocol support AES Security Small 40-pin QFN 6x6 package Antenna February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 22

23 Protocol stacks Silicon Product + Software + Code Size Application (APL) ZigBee Device Objective (ZDO) Dev Boards = Complete Solution Security Application (APL) Network Layer (NWK) Security Application Sublayer (APS) Network Layer (NWK) ZDO Man. MAC MAC PHY PHY February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 23

24 Network Model Full Function Device (FFD) Reduced Function Device (RFD) Coordinator (FFD) Router PAN = Personal Area Network Total devices in a PAN = February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 24

25 ZigBee Coordinator Forms the network Allows other nodes to join Transceiver always on Mains powered Requires relatively large amount of program and data memory February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 25

26 Coordinator Device Always a FFD Supports all services, binding table Capable of peer-to-peer connection Forms the network Accepts/Rejects new network member Mains powered - RX always ON February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 26

27 Router Device Always FFD Joins the networks (e.g. rooms in a building) Supports all services, routing table Capable of peer-to-peer connection Mains powered - RX always ON February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 27

28 ZigBee Router Extends the physical reach of the network Capable of peer-to-peer communication Transceiver always on Mains powered Requires relatively large amount of program and data memory February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 28

29 Full Function End Device Nearly identical to a router Does not allow other nodes to join the network Capable of peer-to-peer communication Requires less RAM and ROM than a router February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 29

30 Full Function Device Can be Coordinator, Router or End Device Supports majority of services Capable of peer-to-peer connection Mains or Battery powered February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 30

31 Reduced Function End Device Can be battery powered Can communicate only with its parent node Requires the least amount of RAM and ROM February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 31

32 Reduced Function Device End Device only Supports limited services - smallest footprint Automatically detects nearby coordinator Communicates to/via coordinator Mains or Battery powered (low duty cycle) February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 32

33 If MiWi Protocol Download MiWi Protocol application note and corresponding source Order PICDEM Z with ZENA Analyzer Start development Submit for local RF certification - $5,000-$10,000 February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 33

34 If ZigBee Download AN965 and corresponding source Order PICDEM Z with ZENA Analyzer Implement their ratified specification Become a ZigBee Alliance member Full - $9,500 annually; Adopter - $3,500 annually Join Application Framework Group (AFG) that corresponds to your product February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 34

35 If ZigBee Submit for ZigBee Alliance certification test house dependent (in the thousands) Purchase rights to use the ZigBee logo - $1,000 first SKU, $500 each additional (for adopter level only) Submit for local RF certification - $5,000-$10,000 February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 35

36 Licensing According to ZigBee Alliance: Only members may use ZigBee specifications "in the development of a product for sale" Microchip is a ZigBee Participant Member: We have license rights to make and distribute Microchip s ZigBee stack software According to ZigBee and Microchip: If you intend to use Microchip s stack software in the development of a product for sale, then you must be a ZigBee member You may not modify or create derivatives of Microchip s stack software It is your responsibility: To read Microchip s license agreement and familiarize yourself with ZigBee s membership For more information, go to February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 36

37 ZigBee and Microchip Member of Provides multiple ZigBee protocol friendly devices ZigBee Demo Kit PICDEM demo board with ZigBee protocol Free Microchip ZigBee Stack for PIC18 and 16 bit Families PICDEM board with MRF24J40 support February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 37

38 PICDEM Z 2.4 GHz Development Kit Silicon Product + Software Protocol + Dev Boards = Complete Solution 2x MRF24J40 Daughter Cards Antenna reference design 2x PICDEM Z Boards ZENA Analyzer Board CD ROM: schematics, antenna layout,documentation, protocol stacks DM $269 February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 38

39 ZENA Wireless Network Analyzer Silicon Product + Software Protocol + Dev Boards = Complete Solution Windows based software DM $129 USB to Packet Sniffer using PIC18LF2550 February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 39

40 Wireless Products Silicon Product + Software Protocol + Dev Boards = Complete Solution Microchip offers complete solution: MRF24J40 - Integrated, low power transceiver ZigBee stack with royalty free license PIC18 with program memory > 32KB Wide range of PICmicro MCUs supported Small footprint MiWi protocol PIC16 or PIC18 >4KB Low cost development kit - $269 February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 40

41 More Resources Regional Training Centers MASTERS Conferences Web Community Forum 24/7 Technical Support Application Design Centers (web) Web Based Getting Started Free samples ( February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 41

42 World of connectivity Microchip / Melchioni Technical Joint seminar February 20th February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 42

43 Thank You February 2008 Valerio Moretto Slide 43

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