São Paulo SP November, 20th, * Rubens C. D. Garlipp Sociedade Brasileira de Silvicultura - SBS

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1 THE IMPORTANCE OF PLANTED FORESTS IN BRAZIL São Paulo SP November, 20th, 2008 * Rubens C. D. Garlipp Sociedade Brasileira de Silvicultura - SBS

2 THE BRAZILIAN FORESTS NATURAL PLANTED FLORESTA AMAZÔNICA MATA ATLÂNTICA MATA DAS ARAUCÁRIAS MATA DOS COCAIS CAATINGA COMPLEXO DO PANTANAL CERRADO CAMPOS GERAIS MANGUES LITORÂNEOS Area: 472 millions ha (56% of territory) Consumption of industrial wood: 63 millions m³/year Area = 5,98 millions ha (0,7% of territory) Consumption of wood = 156 millions m³/year

3 LAND USES IN BRAZIL 2007 Million Hectares % Conservation Units % 20% 20% 21% 13% 9% 8% 1% 8% Pastures % Public Areas % Indians % Rural Settlements % Agriculture % Available for agriculture (excluding Amazon) % Planted Forests 6 0.6% BRAZIL %

4 ANNUAL PLANTING FORESTS thousands ha thousands ha thousands ha thousands ha thousands ha 400 Mil ha Funte: Banco de Datos SBS Ano Eucalipto Pinus Source: SBS

5 PLANTED FORESTS BY STATES - BRAZIL / 2007 STATE EUCALYPTUS PINUS TOTAL (ha) % Minas Gerais ,6 São Paulo ,3 Paraná ,8 Santa Catarina ,2 Bahia ,6 Rio Grande do Sul ,3 Mato Grosso do Sul ,1 Espírito Santo ,8 Pará ,3 -Acacia = 190 thousands ha -Teca = 49 thousands ha -Parica = 79 thousands ha -Hevea = 86 thousands ha -Others = 21 thousands ha Maranhão ,9 Amapá ,1 Outros ,1 Mato Grosso ,0 Goiás ,9 Total ,00 Sources: SBS, STCP and Abraf

6 PLANTED FORESTS COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES Soil and climate conditions Lands availability Manpower availability Scientific and technological knowledge High Productivity Private sector organizational capacily Industrial forest sector established Markets Low production costs Added value products m³/ha/ano EVOLUÇÃO DA PRODUÇÃO FLORESTAL Ano MADEIRA PULPWOOD PARA CELULOSE Productivity (m³ / year / ha) Produtividade Média (m 3 /ha/ano) Espécie Cresc. Potencial Cresc. Eucalipto % % Pinus % %

7 TECHNOLOGICAL EVOLUTION 50 Source: SBS

8

9 ANNUAL MEDIUM INCREASE - PULP ,4 8,1 10,2 11, s 80 s 90 s 00 s Decade FOREST AREA (ha) NEEDED FOR 1 million t /year Sources: Aracruz and Pöyry

10 COMPARATIVE PRODUCTIVITIES Broadleafs Country Age (years) m³/ha year Eucalyptus Brazil Eucalyptus South Africa Eucalyptus Chile Eucalyptus Portugal Eucalyptus Spain Birch Sweden ,5 Birch Finland Source: Pöyry

11 COMPARATIVE PRODUCTIVITIES Conifers Country Age (years) m³/ha year Pinus spp Brazil Pinus radiata Chile Pinus radiata New Zealand Pinus elliottii / taeda USA Oregon Pine Canada (coast) 45 7 Picea abies Sweden Picea abies Finland ,6 Picea glauca Canada (inland) 55 2,5 Picea mariana Canada (east) 90 2 Fonte: Pöyry

12 EVOLUTION OF PLANTED FOREST BASED INDUSTRIES Product Un Year Year Increase World (1000) % Share Pulp t ,8 Papee t ,3 Saunwood m³ ,6 Panels m³ ,0 Plywood m³ ,5 Charcoal mdc ,4 Furniture (2000 / 2006) R$

13 SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION FROM PLANTED FORESTS SECTOR GNP Exports US$ 26 billions (3,5%) US$ 6,1 billions (3,8%) Taxes / Tributes US$ 4,3 billions (1%) Jobs Outgrowers / Renting 4,6 millions 620 thousand ha Planted Area / year (thousand ha) Total Area Small and Mediun Area Landowners % 7,8 9,5 15,8 23,5 25,0 Sources: SBS, MMA, Abraf, 2007

14 TRADE BALANCE EVOLUTION OF PLANTED FOREST BASED SECTOR Export Import Balance sources: SBS and Abraf, 2008

15 EXPORTS BY PRODUCT Product US$ Million % Pulp Paper Sawnwood Panels Plywood Others Total Sources: SBS, SECEX, Abimci, Bracelpa

16 BRAZIL: LEADER IN PRODUCTION OF EUCALYPTUS PULP t Brasil Chile Uruguai Espanha Portugal China Others Total Sources: PPPC Pulp and Paper Products Council

17 ENVIRONMENTAL CONTRIBUTION Reduces pressure on natural forests No competition with agriculture Recovery of degraded areas Soil conservation Water resources protection Biodiversity protection Carbon sequestration Reflorestamento Proteção de encostas e biodiversidade Mata Ciliar

18 FOREST CERTIFICATION CERTIFIED AREAS (August 2008) Natural forests = thousands ha Planted forests = thousands ha Total = thousands ha Sources: FSC, Cerflor

19 ESTIMATED CONSUMPTION OF LOGS SOURCED FROM PLANTED FORESTS (1.000 m³) Product Pinus Eucalyptus Total % Pulp and Paper Charcoal Sawnwood Panels - MDF, MDP, OSB Plywood Others Total %

20 EVOLUTION AND ESTIMATED CONSUMPTION OF INDUSTRIAL LOGS FROM PLANTED FORESTS Average increasing: 5,6% / year Sources: SBS; adaptado de Abraf e STCP

21 TRENDS AND PROSPECTS - WORLDWIDE World population increasing Changing in consumption patterns Domestic and Emergent markets The new frontiers (4F s) Displacement of the forest production axis Forest industry in transformation Environmental issues Social issues New products generation Climate Change x Forest Industry Guarantee of energy supply Green energy

22 TRENDS AND PROSPECTS - WORLDWIDE TRADE OF FOREST BASED PRODUCTS (3% of global commerce) Ce nário otimista Ce nário cons e rvador

23 TRENDS AND PROSPECTS - WORLDWIDE ESTIMATED AREA AND WOOD PRODUCTION FROM PLANTED FORESTS Year Source: FAO % Area: 135% Production: 180%

24 TRENDS INDUSTRIAL WOOD Planted forests / Regeneration Share Old Forests Time PLANTED FORESTS: 40% (increasing) SEMI-NATURAL FORESTS: % significative NATURAL FORESTS: declining ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMALL DIAMETERS

25 TRENDS AND PROSPECTS - BRAZIL ESTIMATED DEMAND FOR WOOD FROM PLANTED FORESTS Milhões m Pinus Eucaly ptus Sources: STCP / FAO

26 TRENDS AND PROSPECTS - BRAZIL ESTIMATED AREA OF PLANTED FORESTS TO REACH THE FUTURE DEMAND ha Pinus Eucaly ptus Sources: STCP / FAO

27 TRENDS AND PROSPECTS - BRAZIL PULP AND PAPER PRODUCTION 1000 t Year Sources: BRACELPA / STCP

28 TRENDS AND PROSPECTS - BRAZIL SAWNWOOD PRODUCTION 1000 M³ Ano TROPICAL PLANTAÇÕES Sources: ABIMCI / STCP

29 TRENDS AND PROSPECTS - BRAZIL RECONSTITUTED PANELS m³ Ano MDF Aglomerados Outros Sources: ABIPA / STCP

30 TRENDS AND PROSPECTS - BRAZIL PLYWOOD PRODUCTION m Year Source: STCP

31 PLANNED INVESTIMENTS FOR EXPANSION OF PLANTED FOREST SECTOR UNTIL 2012 Pulp and Paper Siderurgy Processed wood Reconstituted panels Total US$ 8 billions US$ 6 billions US$ 5 billions US$ 1 billion US$ 20 billions

32 THE CLIMATE FOR INVESTIMENTS IN PLANTED FORESTS Political stability Economic stability Forest investiment attractiveness index Brasil Chile Argentina Uruguai Costa Rica Colômbia México Panamá Venezuela Bolívia 0

33 THE CLIMATE FOR INVESTIMENTS IN PLANTED FORESTS PRODUCTION VALUE AND EXPORTS PER HA (2006) Product Planted Area (1000 ha) Production value (10³ R$) Exports (10 6 US$) Total Per ha Total Per ha Soybean Maise Bean Coffee Sugarcane Cocoa Bovine meat Planted forests products Pulp and Paper Sources: SBS, CNA and Bracelpa

34 FINAL REMARKS Important vector for sustainable development Extensive and diversified productive chain Huge domestic and international markets Important issues (CDM, energy, sustainable procurements) Planted forests are strategic for Brazil INVESTING IN PLANTED FORESTS IS GOOD

35 OPPORTUNITIES FOR FORESTS SECTOR Heating up in demand Ongoing investiments Rates of return (forest and industrial businesses Social inclusion Multiple use (wood and forests) Development and consolidation of clusters Forests for energy Environmental services payment Competitiveness World class products

36

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