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1 Aug :39:27 Research projects (1-273 of 273) Search filter: Classifications: Electrical engineering WIreless Safety for Employees? Safe wireless communication in industrial and work environments: exposure and propagation Abstract: Soon, a EU directive will be effective, determining that each employer has to evaluate the exposure of its workers. This project focuses on the reduction of the absorption of electromagnetic radiation in workers on a way that the competitivity of the companies are nog in danger. Departement of Information technology Wout Joseph Wideband Wearable Antennas and Wireless Communication Links for Fast and Reliable Data Transmission in Wearable Systems. Abstract: In the context of wearable systems and body-centric wireless communication, more reliable and efficient data communication techniques are needed. Therefore, this research project aims to design and realize novel wideband wireless communication systems for body-centric communication, including both wearable antennas and data-processing techniques, improving the reliability of the wireless communication links. Departement of Information technology Hendrik Rogier Voltage Coordination in Multi-Area Power Systems via Distributed Model Predictive Control Abstract: The research proposes a coordination paradigm for properly coordinating local control actions, taken by many communicating control agents, in order to maintain multi-area power system voltages within acceptable bounds. The proposed control scheme is inspired by distributed model predictive control, and relies on the communication of planned local control actions among neighboring control agents, each possibly operated by an independent transmission system operator. The good performance of the proposed real-time model-based feedback coordinating controller, following major disturbances, is illustrated using time-domain simulation of the well-known realistic Nordic32 test system, assuming worst case conditions. Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Lieven Vandevelde VeRONICa: Validation of Research On Nano-electronic Integrated Circuits. Abstract: Electronics has become an essential part of our society. This is mainlythanks to the continuousimprovement of semiconductor technologies. Today, nano technologies allow designers and engineers tobuild and develop highly complex systems and chips for a plethora of applications. The research on suchnovel electronic circuits, integrated in a nano-technology, requires a validation by fabricating and testingthe designed chips. This prototype validation is crucial in this research domain. It strengthens thevalorization potential and increases the relevance of the research. This investment enables the partners(k.u.leuven,ugent, VUB and KHK) to design chips and have them fabricated in order to test them. Thiswill enforce the position of Flanders in the micro-electronics research domain. The different applications,supported bythis investment, are very diverse: it ranges from THz electronics to biomedicalmeasurements, from optical communications to power management of complex chips. ESAT - MICAS, Microelectronics and Senso Georges Gielen Wim Dehaene Michel Steyaert Patrick Reynaert Use of wide-bandgap semiconductors to enhance the efficiency of power electronics Johan Driesen Giel Van den Broeck UNPLUGGED Abstract: UNPLUGGED project aims to investigate how the use of inductive charging of Electric Vehicles (EV) in urban environments improves the convenience and sustainability of car-based mobility. In particular, it will be investigated how smart inductive charging infrastructure can facilitate full EV integration in the urban road systems while improving customer acceptance and perceived practicality. UNPLUGGED will achieve these goals by examining in detail the technical feasibility, practical issues, interoperability, user perception and socio-economic impacts of inductive charging. As one special variant, inductive en-route charging will be investigated thoroughly. As part of the project, two smart inductive charging systems will be built, taking into consideration requirements from OEMs, energy utilities and end users. The systems will be innovative and will go beyond the current state of the art in terms of high power transfer, allowing for smart communication between the vehicle and the grid, as well as being in line with the latest inductive charging standards and considering interoperability. These innovative inductive charging systems designed and built as part of the project will then be tested and assessed in order to understand their potential impacts on urban mobility and the acceptance of e-mobility. Application in an en-route charging scenario in particular will

2 be examined for different vehicle types, ranging from cars to buses. It is anticipated that UNPLUGGED will provide clear evidence on and demonstrate whether the use of smart inductive charging infrastructure can overcome some of the perceived barriers for e-mobility, such as range and size of on-board energy storage, and practical difficulties associated with installing traditional charging post infrastructure.unplugged will also include a feasibility study and economic model for dynamic en-route inductive charging. This technology is currently less mature than static enroute charging, however, it has the potential to provide larger improvements to the range and cost of EVs. Omar HEGAZY PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE Turning advanced cryptographic techniques into practical security applications. ESAT - COSIC, Computer Security and Indu Bart Preneel Dave Singelée TRANS2HOUSE: Transition pathways to efficient (electrified) transport for households Abstract: The main objective is to investigate how to develop driving forces and shift the social, cultural, technological, economic and political barriers to household energy consumption reduction. The focus is on personal transport, as a part of the household. Public transportation, electric scooters and bicycles will not be assessed in this project, but can be an interesting subject to extend this project in a later stadium. This study aims also to assess the transition towards EV and PHEV for Belgium and its regions, while having a critical eye on their impact on the sustainability goals as defined in the EU objective. It considers also the budgetary impact on households, the impact on employment and related economic issues like the competitiveness of Belgium. Due to the higher energy efficiency, a reduction in fuel consumption is expected when introducing electrified transport. This will result in a decrease in fuel expense for households. Whether the fuel saving leads to less CO2 emission strongly depends on the way the extra electricity need will be produced. The electrified vehicles can extend the green energy production by being flexible consumers if their charge moments are controlled. Other emissions as NOX and small particles are in all cases diminishing and in addition no pollutants are emitted where the vehicles are driving. These considerations have to be fully explored in this project and transformed to the Belgian situation. Mathematics, Operational Research, Statistics and Information Systems for Management Maarten MESSAGIE CATHY MACHARIS Tools for 3D shape and topology optimisation are developed. Abstract: This proposal addresses to important technical needs of electromagnetic and electrochemical industries in fast virtual product development processes. Three-dimensional optimisation tools are becoming of significant importance. Tools aiming at for example shape and topology optimisation are available but need a closer integration in the product development chain and need to be much faster. This project aims to explore topological and shape optimisation of electromagnetic and electrochemical devices, based on an innovative numerical approach that couples: the efficiency of the extended Finite Element Method with the flexibility of the Level-Set Method used for computing the movement of the discontinuities and hence the modelling of complex topological changes. JOHAN DECONINCK TOBCAT. Electrical Engineering (ESAT) TC, Techno Toon Goedemé Bart Vanrumste The Value of Large-Scale Offshore Energy Storage in the Future Electricity Market Abstract: Wat is de relevante markt? Energie wordt internationaal verhandeld. Watzijn de mogelijkheden voor internationale handel op dit moment. Sommigen zeggen dat de energiemarkt op Europees niveau speelt, andere argumenteren dat er voor reserves, balancering markten en echte piekcentrales nogsteeds zeer lokaal geopereerd wordt. Dit doctoraatsonderzoek maakt met behulp van een techno-economische analyse een inschatting van de relevante markt voor de verschillende producten in de energiemarkt. Ronnie Belmans Tom Brijs

3 The use of object-orientation for solving partial differential equations that describe iontransport. Abstract: Object-georiented code is developed with the aim to have reusable software that is specific for the solution of balance equations valid in electrochemical systems. JOHAN DECONINCK Thermal study of axial flux permanent magnet synchronous machines Abstract: A coupled study of electromagnetic, thermal and fluid dynamic aspects in AFPMSMs will be performed in order to obtain electromagnetically and thermally efficient AFPMSMs in a wide range of dimensions. Global electromagnetic and thermal optimization of geometric parameters will be performed. The objective is a high efficiency machine that doesn?t need external ventilators or pumps for cooling. Experimental validation will be performed. Departement of Flow, heat and combustion mechanics Jan Vierendeels Theoretical study of physical processes during plasma formation under water Abstract: The project envisages a theoretical study of underwater discharges. The objectives are a sound knowledge of the physical mechanisms that govern the generation and time evolution of the plasma in a capillary discharge under water. Theoretical study of physical processes during plasma formation under water Department of applied Physics Christophe Leys Jan Vierendeels THEMATIC NETWORK ON FUEL CELLS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS FOR ELECTRIC & HYBRID VEHICLES Abstract: ELEDRIVE aims to: - Create synergies at European level so accelerating the development and the introduction on the market on a larger scale of fuel cell, electric and hybrid vehicles in Europe. - Help to select the most promising options for prototype bench and field testing of components and /or complete vehicles, so avoiding costly false start to the European industry. - Facilitate the exchange of experience and the transfer of knowledge with the aim to ensure a global discussion ensuring a complete overview of the different problems so fostering research and development and helping to identify concrete and general solutions. - Contribute to the integration of new generation vehicles that are fully in line with the objectives of the key action 'Economic and Efficient Energy for a Competitive Europe' GASTON MAGGETTO PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE The influence of supply voltage distortion on the energy efficiency of electrical machines. Abstract: Within this dissertation, the energy efficiency of direct line fed induction motors, generators and line start permanent magnet machines is evaluated in relation to possible supply voltage distortion. The research indicates that the current motor models to estimate the additional losses are not straightforward extrapolated to induction generators and/or LSPMM due to possible saturation and synchronous operation. Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Lieven Vandevelde The environmental impacts of intermittent RES. Abstract: An electricity system with high penetration levels of wind and Photo voltaic energy will need a flexible producer to balance the intermittent nature of such energy sources. Flexible producing plants like gas turbines and turbo jets may create additional environmental stress. This study assesses the environmental consequence of using more intermittent energy for the production of electricity, taking flexible production units into account. It gives a better quantitative insight on the effects of, intermittent nature of wind and PV plants, on the environmental performance of the whole system. This is done for the historical and futuristic hypothetical scenarios. The research institute 'VUB' and the 'ELECTRABEL (Brussel)' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' The environmental impacts of intermittent RES.'. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement.

4 Maarten MESSAGIE Surendraprabu RANGARAJU PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE The Energy Box Abstract: The Energy Box (TEB) refers to a demonstrator of new clean technologies located at the Greenbridge science park in Ostend. TEB demonstrates, interacts and commercialises innovative and combinative, emergent energy concepts for both private as professional usage, aiming at energy production and energy efficiency. The box focuses on SMEs, in particular start-ups and spin-offs who didn't find their way to the market so far. T2B, a joined economical association liaising professional consultants, offers the TEB techs a technological, industrial marketing, financial, legal and HR support. Departement of Civil engineering Greta Van Eetvelde The design of an autonomous, battery-powered lifting device for persons and loads Abstract: It concerns a development of a battery powered personal lifting system, wich is controlled by the person to climb and descend as desired. It is a tool for maintenance at buildings, wind turbines, trees and mountain sides. The development aims a light-weight high efficiency execution, using brushless DC motors and associated control electronics compatible with an automotive temperature range. Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Alex Van den Bossche The comparison of power system reliability criteria. Abstract: Currently, the deterministic N-1 criterion is used to set the reliability management target within interconnected power systems. This criterionprescribes that the system should be able to withstand the loss of any one of its main elements (lines, transformers, generators, etc.) withoutsignificant degradation of service quality at all times. However, the N-1 criterion as implemented these days has major limitations taking intoaccount growing uncertainties and complexity of the pan-european power system.on the other hand, many probabilistic reliability criteria exist, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. However, it is difficult to determine the real meaning of the numerical outcomes of these probabilistic criteria, e.g. what is the physical meaning of 99% certainty that the system will operate without problems, and is this level satisfactory or are there measures needed? Next to that, it is a hard task to compare different reliability criteria which are based on fundamentally Geert Deconinck Dirk Van Hertem Evelyn Heylen TEXTILE BASED CAPACITOR/BATTERY FOR SMART TEXTILE SYSTEM APPLICATION Abstract: In this research, textile capacitors/batteries are developed using either silver coated yarns or pure stainless steel filaments as electrodes. PEDOT:PSS is used as a solid electrolyte. The remaining part of this research aims at studying the fabricated device to improve on its performance and at meausuring its behavior after washing. Departement of Textiles Lieva Van Langenhove Carla Hertleer Test Program Electrical Bicycles Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'Consumentenbond' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Test Program Electrical Bicycles'. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement. PHILIPPE LATAIRE Jean-Marc TIMMERMANS Testing and modelling of prismatic Lithium-Ion Capacitors Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'JSR Micro NV' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Testing and modelling of prismatic Lithium-Ion Capacitors'. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement. Noshin OMAR PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE Testen van een plug-in hybride elektrisch voertuig Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid

5 Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'Laborelec CVBA' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Testen van een plug-in hybride elektrisch voertuig 'Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid'. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement. Mohamed EL BAGHDADI Testen van een elektrisch voertuig AGV Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'Laborelec CVBA' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Testen van een elektrisch voertuig AGV'. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement. Mohamed EL BAGHDADI Tensor-based study of data similarity. Electrical Engineering (ESAT), Campus Ku Lieven De Lathauwer Johan Suykens TechnologieWacht en Roadmap voor de elektro-installatiesector University College Ghent Abstract: Abstract not yet available Faculty of Applied Engineering Sciences Department of Electronics Jo Verhaevert Technische voorlichting - Elektrische voertuigen Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'Vlaam Elektro Innovatiecentrum - VEI' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Technische voorlichting - Elektrische voertuigen'. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement. Maarten MESSAGIE PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE SYRNEMO Abstract: Synchronous Reluctance Motors for Electric Vehicles Maarten MESSAGIE Sustainable batteries (SUBAT) Abstract: By the end of 2004 the Commission is required to provide report on the possibility to maintain, or not, cadmium, in the exemption list of Directive 2000/53 on End-of-Life Vehicles. The SUBAT proposal aims to make a comprehensive and complete assessment of commercially available and forthcoming battery technologies in the world, including Ni-Cd, on the basis of: a technical assessment comparing their performances for full EV and HEV (specific energy, specific power, proven cycle life and calendar life, life cycle cost analysis, operation at extreme temperature, charge acceptance, maintenance issues, safety, energetical efficiency of the battery systems, availability of recycling process at industrial stage, operation during applications). SUBAT will also take into account the status of these batteries as to their availability as commercial products. an environmental assessment in order to be able to give them an environmental score which can designate them as being a sustainable solution or not. A life-cycle-analysis approach will investigate availability of primary materials, environmental impact of extraction and manufacturing of the battery, emissions from the battery during use, release of components in case of accident, recycling of active materials, production of nonrecyclable waste and environmental impact of recycling processes.

6 an economical assessment with both a micro-economical analysis of production, manufacturing cost of the batteries, forecast cost for the consumers and a macro-economical study to take into account the position of battery manufacturers on the global market, assessing European vs. non-european products and influence on the European trade balance. Through this multidisciplinary approach, SUBAT will allow to define an overall view of all aspects of the automotive battery market, in order to provide the Commission with a valuable policy support tool that will assist in tracing the pathways for the sustainable transport of the future. PHILIPPE LATAIRE GASTON MAGGETTO Jean-Marc TIMMERMANS Julien MATHEYS Wout VAN AUTENBOER PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE Surrogate modeling techniques for high-speed electronic systems Abstract: The goal of this research project is to develop univariate and multivariate sampling and modeling algorithms, based on rational and polynomial interpolants, for efficient design-space exploration of general linear dynamic systems, such as passive electronic microwave and RF systems. This exploration technique must sample the (one- or multidimensional) parameter space in an optimal way in order to minimize the number of samples, without assuming any prior knowledge of the system. Departement of Information technology Daniël De Zutter Luc Knockaert Super precision electrochemical machining technology including recycling of usefull materials (SPECTRUM). Abstract: The workplan for the project is tailored to achieve the project objectives. It consists of eight work-packkgages: 1) Basic investigations on tools for the prediction of the optimum parameter settings for the technology. 2) Basic investigations on expansion of the technology for a wide range of materials and products. 3. Basic investigations on separation of the metals from the electrolyte and processing the waste to reusable materials. 4. Development of all modules of e flexible prototype ECM machine. 5. Development of the computer based expert system for the SPECTRUM process. 6. Development of the regeneration system for the electrolyte and the metal separation system. 7. Integration of the prototype machine with the fluid processing system and demonstration of the feasibility of the technology for clean mass production of products of Partners Philips and Bosch. 8. Project management, co-ordination, and dissemination and exploitation of the project results. JOHAN DECONINCK SuperLIB: Smart Battery Control System based on a Charge-equilization Circuit for an advanced Dual-Cell battery for Electric Vehicles. Abstract: The project "Smart Battery Control System based on a Charge-equalization Circuit for an advanced Dual-Cell Battery for Electric Vehicles" (SuperLIB) addresses key objectives of the topic "ICT for fully electric vehicles" within the ICT work program of the European Commission's 7th Framework Program. SuperLIB focuses on smart control system solutions for batteries. To enhance the overall performance, the battery consists of both High-Power (HP) and High-Energy (HE) cells. This combination of two different types of cells together with a smart control strategy and a highly integrated package significantly improves the lifetime, the reliability and the cost/performance ratio of the battery system, by also adding the possibility of fast charging without degrading its lifetime. The electronic architecture required for the connection of the high-power and high-energy cells enables an efficient management of the current and charge distribution inside the package. The architecture will include electronic circuits for charge equalization and DC-DC converters utilizing advanced techniques of zero-current and zero-voltage switching for higher efficiencies and lower electromagnetic interferences. Safety and control system relevant temperature sensors will be developed for an improved thermal management of the package, thus a potential thermal runaway of a single battery cell can be avoided through early detection of local overheating. In addition this will increase the accuracy of the battery state estimation, which allows the utilization of a wide range of the battery state-of-charge (SOC). Thus, the battery can be sized smaller and kept cheaper with still providing the required usable energy content and power performance. Noshin OMAR Maarten MESSAGIE PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE Supercapacitors in hybrid propulsion systems Abstract: Supercapacitors in hybrid propulsion systems Yonghua CHENG

7 Supercapacitors and power converters for reduction of energy consumption in propulsion systems Abstract: Supercapacitors and power converters for reduction of energy consumption in propulsion systems Noshin OMAR FREDERIK VAN MULDERS Sturing van een driefasige invertor voor netkoppeling van een microcentrale University College Ghent Abstract: Gedistribueerde energie-opwekking (kleine warmtekrachtkoppeling, fotovoltaïsche panelen, windturbines,...) is een onderwerp dat op dit ogenblik internationaal veel aandacht geniet. Vooral microcentrales met kleine vermogens (<10kW) worden op dit ogenblik op grote schaal aan het distributienetwerk toegevoegd. In Nederland loopt op dit ogenblik een experiment waarbij 200 huizen werden uitgerust met fotovoltaïsche panelen met een vermogen van 1 kw tot 3 kw per huis. Uit de eerste experimenten volgt dat er belangrijke problemen opduiken met stabiliteit, beveiliging, harmonischen, enz. die bij een invertor in eilandbedrijf nooit optreden. In het Laboratorium voor Elektrische Energietechniek wordt al sinds 2000 intensief onderzoek verricht naar de digitale sturing van actieve eenfasige gelijkrichters met lage vervorming van de ingangsstroom. Het dynamisch gedrag van dergelijke actieve gelijkrichters is nauw verwant met het gedrag van invertoren voor netkoppeling. Daardoor is er reeds een belangrijke know-how aanwezig. Door de grote internationale interesse wordt het werkingsgebied van het team, oorspronkelijk actief op de sturing van actieve gelijkrichters, geheroriënteerd naar invertoren voor netkoppeling. Tijdens het onderzoek zal zowel theoretisch als experimenteel onderzoek verricht wordenen op digitaal gestuurde microcentrales. Na een periode van 4 jaar zal het voorgestelde onderzoek leiden tot het behalen van een doctoraat. De belangrijkste onderwerpen, die zullen aangepakt worden, zijn : Het impedantiegedrag van de microcentrale; Reactie van de convertor op een frequentievariatie op het net (draaiende reserve); Het gewenste gedrag bij fouten (bv. wegvallen van een fase, dips, eilandbedrijf,...); De invloed van kwantisering van digitale grootheden in de processor op de golfvormkwaliteit; Gedrag en stabiliteitsonderzoek van parallelgeschakelde microcentrales; Harmonische propagatie op het distributienet; Beveiliging van de invertor; enz. Faculty of Applied Engineering Sciences Department of Electricity Luc Deweerdt Study of Crack Propagation for the Fabrication of Ultra-thin Silicon Solar Cells Abstract: The gradual depletion of fossil fuel reserves, especially oil, and the environmental problems linked to their exploitation have forced society to find new technologies to employ alternative, clean and renewable energy sources. Although many of these technologies are now available, one of the most promising is the direct conversion of solar energy into electricity through the photovoltaic (PV) effect. Todays PV market is dominated by silicon solar cells that are manufactured from 180 μm-thick silicon substrates. With this technology, devices with 25% conversion efficiency have been demonstrated but, to render the technologycompetitive with standard energy sources, the cost per Watt peak of silicon solar cells has to be further reduced. To achieve this reduction, researchers have suggested to utilize silicon substrates with thickness below 100 μm. The driving force for this thickness reduction is two-fold: on one hand, simulations have shown that it would lead to an in Jozef Poortmans Roberto Martini Stochastic Modeling for Electromagnetic Interference Analysis of Complex Planar Circuits Abstract: High operating frequencies of novel electronic devices make it increasingly hard for the designer to meet all specifications. In particular, electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is a major concern. Moreover, as feature sizes decrease, manufacturing leads to uncertainty of the circuits? behavior. In this Ph.D., design tools for complex planar circuits will be hugely improved by including EMC aspects and Uncertainty Quantification Departement of Information technology Daniël De Zutter Dries Vande Ginste statisticl modeling of visual patterns wiht applications to digital painting analysis Abstract: the goal of this project is to develop new statistical models and representations of visual patterns and thereby bring new and important advances in the analysis of digitized paintings. the project aims at both fundamental theoretical contributions in vision science and at creating innovative computer vision methods for analysis and authentication of digitized masterpieces. Departement of Telecommunications and information processing Aleksandra Pizurica Statistical Modeling and Estimation of Simultaneous Degradations in Digital Images Abstract: In digital still camera and medical imaging devices there is a trend to increase the image resolution, to use shorter acquisition times and lower radiation doses. This causes many challenges for the processing techniques in the devices. In this project, we will develop statistical models

8 and estimation techniques for multiple simultaneous degradations in images, in order to further improve existing image reconstruction techniques. We therefore consider the imaging pipeline as a whole and jointly optimize the processing techniques for the considered degradations. Departement of Telecommunications and information processing Wilfried Philips Stand-alone hybrid renewable power systems Johan Driesen Maria del Mar Martinez Diaz Smart PV; understanding and increasing energy yield of c-si-pv modules Johan Driesen Jozef Poortmans Johannes Goverde SMART PV Abstract: Research on Smart Photo-voltaic module to increase overall efficiency. Johan Driesen Urmimala Chatterjee SmartGrids-ETPS-III. Ronnie Belmans Smart EV-VC: Smart Electric Vehicle Value Chains. Abstract: The objectives of sustainable road mobility, i.e. energy efficiency, climate protection, and zero emissions, imply a paradigm shift in the concept of the automobile regarding its architecture, design, materials, and propulsion technology. The fully electric vehicle (FEV) is widely considered the most suitable option for the 'green' car of the future, even though it is still facing a multitude of challenges in terms of product maturity In order to maintain its role as the world's largest producer of cars, Europe has to anticipate these challenges of a move towards the FEV and adapt its automotive value chain to them in due time. The proposed Coordination Action Smart EV-VC will develop, recommend and initiate a multitude of tangible measures for this purpose, including the definition of common goals in terms of unique selling points of the FEV "made in Europe", the compilation of a European roadmap, the promotion of novel links in the European FEV value chain by e.g. developing harmonized curricula for education and training, initiating standards, and drafting concepts for shared facilities as well as giving advice for the inclusion of small and medium sized enterprises (SME). Based on initial FEV related technology roadmap activities by members of the European Technology Platforms EPoSS, ERTRAC, and SmartGrids in the Public-Private Partnership European Green Cars Initiative, and sustaining the work carried out previously within projects funded under the umbrella of this initiative, the Smart EV-VC project will compile a dedicated implementation agenda in preparation of Horizon 2020, also aiming at coherences and complementarities between EU and members states programmes, and at establishing contacts at an international level beyond Europe. It will cover strategic research, development and innovation for the FEV "made in Europe" with a particular focus on ICT and smart systems as key enabling technologies. Within its core consortium Smart EV-VC will therefore bring together major industrial partners from all involved sectors along the value chain around a dialogue on a common understanding about impact, R&D priorities, infrastructure needs and framework requirements. To broaden the view of its work, the project will also involve about 20 other organizations as associated partners. Arrate ALONSO GOMEZ Frederic VERGELS CATHY MACHARIS PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE Lieselot VANHAVERBEKE Small Wind Turbine Field Laboratory Abstract: The SWT Field Lab allows to subject small wind turbines to extensive field tests. The infrastructure consists of ten foundations, six wind turbines, a meteorological tower, a measurement cabin and measurement equipment. Four foundations are available for services for companies

9 active in wind energy. Not only the energy production of the turbine is analysed, but also topics such as noise production, generator design or mast construction are examined? all of this correlated with meteorological data such as wind speed and direction. Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Lieven Vandevelde Simulation of Electrode form changes in electrochemical processes described by Multi- Ion transport and reaction models. Abstract: Simulation of Electrode form changes in electrochemical processes described by Multi- Ion transport and reaction models. PHILIPPE LATAIRE Simulation of electrode form changes in electrochemical processes described by Multi-Ion transport and reaction models. Abstract: This doctorate aims to develop and use numerical methods which enables you with acceptable computational times (on a parallel computing platform) to perform simulations of three-dimensional time-dependent GERT NELISSEN Simulation and measurement of liquid crystal devices with micrometer-scale variations for diffractive optics applications Abstract: This work is an experimental and theoretical study of a light modulator based on liquid crystals, where the pixel size approaches the light wavelength. Therefore, the existing three-dimensional for molecule orientation is extended and the two-dimensional Wide Angle Beam Propagation simulation method is extended to three dimensions in order to describe the complex optical propagation through the system. Departement of Electronics and information processing Kristiaan Neyts Simulating Luminance Distributions of Luminaires from Ray Files Abstract: Currently luminaires are being designed using ray tracing software. This allows the modelling of virtual prototypes from which optical characteristics can be calculated accurately. Such an optical property is the discomfort glare potentially caused by a luminaire. To investigate discomfort glare during the virtual prototyping stage, luminancedistributions of the luminaire need to be simulated. However, currently no solutions exists to accurately simulate these luminance distributions if a light source is characterized by a ray file. This doctoral thesis suggests several solutions to enable the simulation of luminance distributions even when the light source is characterized bysuch a ray file. Additionally, the impact of the degree of modelling of the optical properties of materials surroundinga light source on these luminance distributions is investigated. As these optical properties are measured using non standard measuring equipment large variations are to be expected when these prop Geert Deconinck Guy Durinck Peter Hanselaer Jan Audenaert Serviceability optimisation of the next generation offshore wind turbines (OptiWind)? Electrical connection and grid integration Abstract: This research project focuses on the grid connection of offshore wind turbines. The first goal is to determine the optimal connection technology with the main land (AC or DC). The second objective is to investigate the provision of ancillary services with wind turbines. The third goal is to determine the optimal interconnection of wind turbines whitin a wind farm. Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Lieven Vandevelde Search for a better glare metric for non-uniform light sources Abstract: Leds (and in the near future Oleds) are becoming more important, especially in industry, but problems arise when this new technologies is implemented. Glare occurs when surfaces have a higher luminance than which the eye is adapted to. Glare causes an uncomfortable or unpleasant feeling. Disability glare impairs the vision of an object and reduces visual tasks. Discomfort glare causes a sensation of annoyance or pain but does not necessarily affect visual performance. With glare we mean discomfortglare. The methods currently used to determine glare, like the UnifiedGlare Rating (UGR,[CIE_1995]) or the Visual Comfort Probability (VCP,[IESNA_2000]), are developed for classical light sources (such as incandescent lamps or flood lights). These methods are not valid for determiningglare from non-uniform light sources such as Leds. Most formulas for determining glare have factors depending on the background luminance, the luminance and the solid angle of the light sources and the position

10 Geert Deconinck Peter Hanselaer Wouter Ryckaert Gertjan Scheir SCALABLE COMPACT MACRO MODELS FOR GENERAL MICROWAVE AND RF STRUCTURES Abstract: The main objective of this project is the development of a fully automated modelling and identification technique to build PLATFORM- INDEPENDENT (SPICE or verilog-a compatible) physics-based scalable (univariate and multivariate) compact macromodels for complex microwave and RF components and systems. The model extraction is to be based either on full-wave electromagnetic (EM) simulation results or on high-frequency measurements. Electricity YVES ROLAIN SCALABLE COMPACT MACRO MODELS FOR GENERAL MICROWAVE AND RF STRUCTURES Abstract: The main objective of this project is the development of a fully automated modelling and identification technique to build PLATFORM- INDEPENDENT (SPICE or verilog-a compatible) physics-based scalable (univariate and multivariate) compact macromodels for complex microwave and RF components and systems. The model extraction is to be based either on full-wave electromagnetic (EM) simulation results or on high-frequency measurements. Electricity YVES ROLAIN SB Van Breusegem Abstract: Service quality and scalability of optical burst switching. Architecture study, concept implementation and evaluation. Combination of packet and circuit switching (ORION). Departement of Information technology Piet Demeester SAFEDRIVE: A platform Power Management System and Low Voltage Drive Train for Hybrid and Electric Vehicle. Abstract: The project proposes the research and development of a platform, low voltage power management system and motor drive. The low voltage technology will enable SMEs to reduce their battery mass, volume and cost through the use of larger capacity cells with greater energy densities. In addition the elimination of lethal voltages will significantly improve the safety of a vehicle during an accident. The power management technology will include customisable performance and efficiency functions with an open standard architecture developed specifically to support SMEs. In addition we will develop a scalable high torque drive motor. This will have a high efficiency and will be suitable for high volume manufacture. Omar HEGAZY Cedric DE CAUWER SAFEDRIVE: A platform Power Management System and Low Voltage Drive Train for Hybrid and Electric Vehicle. Abstract: The project proposes the research and development of a platform, low voltage power management system and motor drive. The low voltage technology will enable SMEs to reduce their battery mass, volume and cost through the use of larger capacity cells with greater energy densities. In addition the elimination of lethal voltages will significantly improve the safety of a vehicle during an accident. The power management technology will include customisable performance and efficiency functions with an open standard architecture developed specifically to support SMEs. In addition we will develop a scalable high torque drive motor. This will have a high efficiency and will be suitable for high volume manufacture. Omar HEGAZY Cedric DE CAUWER "Rollen" in de opleiding tot industrieel ingenieur. Mechanical Engineering Technology TC, Te

11 Greet Langie Robust vibration-based damage identification with a novel high-accuracystrain measurement system. Structural Mechanics Section Guido De Roeck Edwin Reynders Robust injection of renewable energy into the Rwandan grid with some standalone use Abstract: Frequent power interruptions reduce the cooling possibilities of foods and water supply continuity. Alternative energy can help, but the price of the photovoltaic converters is higher for the moment than the PV panels due to a shorter lifetime. A converter will be developed which aims low losses, by combining cost effective components but which need a different control principle. Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Alex Van den Bossche Robuste techniques for multivariate surrogate modeling Abstract: The computation of accurate and compact surrogate models, which represent the broadband input-output behavior of complex linear systems, has become a topic of intense research, mainly due to the increasing speed and decreasing size of electronic circuits. The objective of this research project is to develop algorithms which are able to generate guaranteed passive, rational, broadband circuit models, based on simulated time domein or frequency domain data. This data may depend on multiple physical design variables (like the lenght, width, or material parameters of the structure), which leads to a multidimensional approximation problem. Departement of Information technology Tom Dhaene Resilient multi-layered Demand Side Management architecture subject to communication constraints. Abstract: The primary goal of this research project is to design and evaluate an economically viable technical control framework for Belgian LV distribution grids under the constraints of a realistic suboptimal communication network, leading to a more resilient and robust distribution grid benefitting society as a whole. This framework will be extended with clear incentives for all actors by using Service Level Agreements, entailing predefined Quality of Service requirements. Focus will be on distributed generators as well as residential loads with a high value in DSM schemes. The optimal harmonization between the multi-layered control methodologies themselves and the suboptimal communication infrastructure leads to a robust and economically viable Smart Grid. Geert Deconinck Sandro Iacovella Research for a Full Electric public transport bus with competitive TCO Abstract: Research for a Full Electric public transport bus with competitive TCO Noshin OMAR Research agreement LCA of storage systems Abstract: Life Cycle Assessment of Energy Storage systems Maarten MESSAGIE Regulatory Affairs in Smart Grids Abstract: Regulatory Framework f or Active Market Participation in Electricity Distribution Systems. Electricity markets in Europe aregenerallycharacterized by a top-down organization, since the production sideis typically balancing the power system. Nowadays, active market participation happens primarily on the wholesale level, where the supply of l argegeneratorsand the demand of large consumers, usually connected to the transmission grid, meeteach other. On the distribution system level this dynamic is almost entirelyabsent. For instance, the contractual options for residential consumers areoften limited to a choice of a fixed pricing scheme versus day and night tariffs.these provide little costreflectiveness and therefore limit priceresponsiveness. Yet, the importance of the distribution system is growingsignificantly because of the emergence of distributed generation technologies(wind, PV, CHP), as well as new demand applications (electric vehicles, heatpumps). Demand response in particula

12 Ronnie Belmans Leonardo Meeus Philippe Van Dievel Rectal cancer. Abstract:. ESAT - STADIUS, Stadius Centre for Dynam Bart De Moor Reconfiguration of Electricity Distribution Grids with Distributed Energy Resources Abstract: Renewable energy sources such as solar energy, wind energy etc. have the advantage of being environmentally friendly due to low carbon emissions during generation. These resources are distributed in nature and henceare called distributed energy resources (DERs). The presence of DERs isthe characteristic feature that differentiates the present and future electricity distribution grid from the traditional one. Traditionally theelectric grid is designed for unidirectional power flow. With the intervention of DERs, the power flow has become bi-directional. This impacts several characteristics of the distribution system. The inherent uncertainty of the DERs is yet another challenge, making the assessment of DER power output difficult. This will affect the power loss incurred by the grid and will also cause power quality issues like over voltage.thisphd research uses the concept of grid reconfiguration to minimize powerlosses and ensure power quality in an electricity distribution grid while Geert Deconinck Parvathy Chittur Ramaswamy RECAP: Regional Care Porais. ESAT - STADIUS, Stadius Centre for Dynam Sabine Van Huffel Siegfried Jaecques Rudi Cuyvers Bettina Vander Eecken Real-life range estimation for electric vehicles, based on innovative predictive power consumption algorithms Abstract: Because of the limited range of electric vehicles, there is an increased importance of accurate range estimation. The range of an EV is determined by the state of charge (SoC), and the power consumption. Power consumption for a vehicle is a function of kinematic parameters, driving behavior, use of auxiliaries and many other parameters. This project will focus on developing innovative predictive power consumption algorithms for real-life range estimation of EVs. Using the large data pool of the Living Lab platforms, real-life data of 200 electric vehicles can be analyzed. From the data, driving cycles representative for real-life use of electric vehicles can be developed. Using the newly developed driving cycle and on-road tests, the influence of the driving behavior,auxiliaries and other external parameters on power consumption will be studied. From these correlations, an important innovation can be applied to the current vehicle simulation tools by the development of longitudinal power flow simulation tools with the influence of external parameters included. Integrating this algorithm with shortest-route algorithms, it will lead to an innovative predictive power consumption algorithm.together with input from an (accurate) SoC measurement, this predictive power consumption algorithm will allow to estimate, if you will be able to reach a certain destination and what the alternatives are, energy-efficient wise. This real-life range estimator (RLRE) for electric vehicles addresses the range-anxiety problem and can introduce an intelligent system in the vehicle. Cedric DE CAUWER Rational energy use about the use of electrical and hybridical vehicles. Abstract: Rational energy use about the use of electrical and hybridical vehicles. GASTON MAGGETTO Quantification of technical performances, cyclist experience and safetyof speed pedelecs for commuting. Electrical Engineering (ESAT) TC, Techno Jan Cappelle

13 Public road lighting in Flanders: Perspectives and opportunities for efficient management. Abstract: This study examines the sense and usefulness of public road lighting of Flanders regional roads. The criteria and specifications for good road lighting are worked out. The following elements are considered: traffic safety, traffic flow, energy consuption, comfort, light pollution (related to international practice). Installation criteria are drawn up and are referred to the 'Town and Country Masterplan of Flanders'. The influence of road pavement, installation geometry, photometry of luminaires, energy management & maintenance, switching modulation and dimming is studied. The different opportunities are simulated. PATRICK ROMBAUTS Protection concepts for the optimal utilisation of the smart distribution grid. Abstract: The European targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions result in a number of support measures for small electricity generation units (e.g. solar PV, cogeneration units). These distributed energy resources (DER) areconnected to the distribution grid. This grid, however, was designed for unidirectional power flows from the transmission grid, and its large power generators, to the households. The protection system for the distribution grid is, of course, designed for this mode of operation. It can only guarantee human safety and system reliability, when the amount of DER is limited.this research will focus on different electrical protection concepts and their impact on the permissible amount of DER in the distribution grid. Initially, the limits imposed by the present protection systems on the medium and low voltage grids will be investigated. In the next phase, the level of improvement new protection concepts can offer will be examined. The reaction of DER to system faults will be consi Geert Deconinck Thomas Wijnhoven Prof. Chatziathanasiou Abstract: Thermal impendance of high-voltage cables. Departement of Electronics and information processing Gilbert De Mey Alexis De Vos PRAZE Personel zero emission transport for the city of the future. Abstract: Framework 5 Programme: energy, environment and sustainable development, Key action 6: Economic and efficient energy for a competitive Europe, work programme areas and also applicable to Key ACtion 4: City to tomoorow and cultural heritage, work programme area Expected result: Zero emission personal 2-wheel vehicle for city driving, as summarised below, assuming primary energy efficiency of 33% based on simiulations and modeling by VUB. It can be seen that PRAZE vehicle is expected to have a primary energy sfficiency significantly better than both thermal scooter and Peugeot Motocycles's existing electric scooter. Two potential savings of overall energy resources are anticipated: - the PRAZE vehicle has a better energy effeciency than Peugeot Motocycles's existing electric scooter. - More people will convert from a thermal to an electric scooter due to the improved cost and range. Approach: the development of PRAZE will be guided by Peugeot Motocycles's unique experience in their existing, commercially available electric scooter product. PRAZE will use PML Flightlink's innovative new wheel motor drive system, incorporating a high efficiency brushless motor inside the wheel. The system eliminates transmission and gears, improving efficiency, and frees space in the vehicle body. GASTON MAGGETTO ERIK DE BISSCHOP PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE Post-doctoral fellowship Nikiforov A. (Russia) Abstract: The fellowship was granted in the frame of the IAP-project?Physical Chemistry of Plasma-Surface Interactions?. The project brings together Belgian groups involved in research on reactive plasmas with the aim to improve the understanding of the plasma-surface interactions that occur in these systems. The project is expected to drive technological developments in the areas of new materials and novel surface modification processes. Department of applied Physics Christophe Leys Possibility of innovative electric net quality filters to achieve significant energy savings in combination with direct coupled machines Abstract: not available Department of Industrial System and Product Design Lieven Vandevelde Jan Desmet Plasma treatment for improvement of hydrophilic, hydrophobic, antibacterial and adhesion properties of medical and textile fabrics

14 Abstract: A joint doctoral research is proposed between department of Applied Physics (Ugent - Belgium) and the Kongunadu Arts & Science College (India). It is an excellent opportunity to evaluate the at Ugent developed atmospheric pressure sources and compare them with low pressure discharge treatments (expertise of Indian partner). This work brings together two different approaches for surface modification of textiles with plasma. Department of applied Physics Christophe Leys Pilot project for the European Electromobility Observatory (EEO) Abstract: This pilot project has been setup for the preparation of the European Electromobility Observatory The goal of this pilot project is to identify what should and can be monitored at a cross-regional level and how the process of collecting, analyzing and exchanging information can be organized. Sylvia HEYVAERT PHENOVISION: a plant phenotyping robot Abstract: The project consists of developing a facility for fully automated imaging and analysis of plant growth in high-throughput. The PHENOVISION platform consists of a network of conveyor belts installed in a greenhouse on which 400 plants can be grown up to a height of 1.5 meter. The imaging takes place in designated cabinets and comprises RGB, IR, and hyperspectral imaging. Department of Plant Biotechnology and Genetics Godelieve Gheysen Dirk Inzé Dominique Van Der Straeten Monica Höfte Tom Beeckman Kathy Steppe Marie-Christine Van Labeke Geert Haesaert Rony Swennen PhD Al Sakka Monzer funded by VUB and Université de Franche-Comte Abstract: PhD Al Sakka Monzer funded by VUB and Université de Franche-Comte Monzer AL SAKKA PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE Participating to the Network of Excellence TARGET Abstract: The department ELEC of the (VUB) initiated in 1990 the development of a microwave nonlinear network analyser in collaboration with the company Hewlett-Packard. Nowadays, 10 prototypes of such an instrument exist all over the world. The publication record of Dept. ELEC shows that it kept his leading position and is still developing the applicability of the measurement principle and the instrument to a broader range of microwave circuits, like: on-wafer circuits, mixers, load-pull, pulse-mode, These developements have brought the Dept. ELEC to set up a collaboration with the Dept. DESICS of IMEC and to create with almost all concerned European research centre a Network of Excellence, namely the NoE TARGET (see http//www.target-net.org). Consequently, Dept. ELEC attracted 5 researchers to work on the characterisation of on-wafer microwave circuits: let us mention Mrs. Wendy Van Moer (Doctor Assistent), Mrs. Charlotte Soens (Aspirant IWT) and Mr. Daan Rabijns (Aspirant IWT), Mr. Dimitri Linten (Aspirant IWT) and Mr. Ludwig De Locht (Aspirant IWT). The ELEC research project has been integrally incorporated into the NoE TARGET and formulated as design of RF SSPA's (Radio Frequency Solid State Power Amplifier's) where the microwave nonlinear network analyser plays an important role. The NoE project represents for Dept. ELEC a prestigious contract but at the same time a lot of obligations. ELEC has promised to perform scientific work (in our case measurements) for the TARGET consortium. It consists of two parts: we have to keep our instruments operational and adapt it to the common measurement objects and we have to supply enough personnel for performing the measurements. The financial input of the 6-th Framework to the NoE TARGET covers essentially the costs for the meetings. Electricity YVES ROLAIN Wendy VAN MOER ALAIN BAREL Participating to the Network of Excellence TARGET Abstract: The department ELEC of the (VUB) initiated in 1990 the development of a microwave nonlinear network analyser in collaboration with the company Hewlett-Packard. Nowadays, 10 prototypes of such an instrument exist all over the world. The publication record of Dept. ELEC shows that it kept his leading position and is still developing the applicability of the measurement principle and the instrument to a broader range of microwave circuits, like: on-wafer circuits, mixers, load-pull, pulse-mode,

15 These developements have brought the Dept. ELEC to set up a collaboration with the Dept. DESICS of IMEC and to create with almost all concerned European research centre a Network of Excellence, namely the NoE TARGET (see http//www.target-net.org). Consequently, Dept. ELEC attracted 5 researchers to work on the characterisation of on-wafer microwave circuits: let us mention Mrs. Wendy Van Moer (Doctor Assistent), Mrs. Charlotte Soens (Aspirant IWT) and Mr. Daan Rabijns (Aspirant IWT), Mr. Dimitri Linten (Aspirant IWT) and Mr. Ludwig De Locht (Aspirant IWT). The ELEC research project has been integrally incorporated into the NoE TARGET and formulated as design of RF SSPA's (Radio Frequency Solid State Power Amplifier's) where the microwave nonlinear network analyser plays an important role. The NoE project represents for Dept. ELEC a prestigious contract but at the same time a lot of obligations. ELEC has promised to perform scientific work (in our case measurements) for the TARGET consortium. It consists of two parts: we have to keep our instruments operational and adapt it to the common measurement objects and we have to supply enough personnel for performing the measurements. The financial input of the 6-th Framework to the NoE TARGET covers essentially the costs for the meetings. Electricity YVES ROLAIN Wendy VAN MOER ALAIN BAREL Parameterized model order reduction of delayed and distrubuted systems (D-PMOR) Abstract: The main objectives of this post-doc project are: 1) the development of model order reduction methods for delayed and distributed systems (D-MOR) in the frequency- and time-domain; 2) the development of parameterized model order reduction methods for delayed and distributed systems (D-PMOR) with other design variables in addition to frequency or time. Departement of Information technology Luc Knockaert Tom Dhaene Pan-European grid security: new approaches to an existing question Abstract: The European power system has a well established security mechanism which has proven to be very reliable over the years. However, with the increased use of renewable energy sources, the opening of the market and limited investments in grid infrastructure, the operation of the power system is ever closer towards its limits. Especially for the Pan-European power system, here is a need to re-evaluate the principle of (n-1) security as the basic principle of transmission network planning and operation,as it is becoming more and more difficult to satisfy in view of the uncertainties linked to the integration of increasing amounts of variable renewable generation and of the difficulty to build new assets. Some of the questions that arise are: -->What are the options to replace orcomplement the (n-1)- criterion for the security of pan-european electricity transmission networks? -->What are the risks of departing from the (n-1)-preventive security criterion and can they be tolerated? Ronnie Belmans Dirk Van Hertem Steven De Boeck Optimization of Overall Cost and Efficiency of a Photovoltaic Energy Source Feeding a Synchronous Reluctance Motor Suitable for Pumping Systems Abstract: The proposed study investigates the optimization of the overall cost and efficiency of a photovoltaic (PV) energy source feeding a synchronous reluctance motor. The load is a pumping system that has to work under different conditions and constraints. Simulation models will be used to determine the optimal motor configuration and the optimal number of PV modules. Department of Industrial Technology and Construction Peter Sergeant Optimization of doping and passivation processes for next generation n-si rear junction Si solar cells. Jozef Poortmans Aashish Sharma Optimization of bidirectional flows in active distribution grids Ronnie Belmans Frederik Ruelens

16 Optimisation of Lithium-Ion batteries based on modeling techniques. Abstract: The objective of this research is to aid in the development of advanced Lithium-Ion batteries for electric and hybrid electric vehicles. In the end we want to have a chemistry dependent dynamic Li-Ion battery electric model on cell level for the modeling of real time behavior: i.e. evolution of voltage and current as a function of operating regime. The modeled behavior will be a function of material and design parameters making it possible to direct battery design based on the requirements, and afterwards, to extend the model to other compounds on the positive and negative electrode. This testing-simulation approach will not be limited to the prediction of transient battery characteristics, but will also monitor the ageing effects. More specific, the objective of this research is to develop a rigorous physics-based model for NMC based Li-Ion cells which can estimate energy and power capacity, real-time response, cycle-life, capacity fade and ESR increase and this in relation with the materials used and cell design. From this model, which is a non-linear system of coupled differential equations, an Equivalent electric Circuit model (EC) can be derived in a certain operating point. The incentive for the latter is twofold: the parameters in the equivalent circuit are relatively easy determined via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Given that in this case they are a function of material and design parameters, they will provide a benchmark for used values of these parameters. Secondly, starting from the rigorous model we will determine the EC model parameters, applicable for a certain working point: SoC, SoH. Until now this can only be done by testing the battery over the full range of these conditions. Jelle SMEKENS PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE Optimal Operation of Hybrid AC/DC Meshed Grids Abstract: This thesis develops the mathematical framework and methodologies to calculate the optimal operation of electrical High Voltage grids where theclassic alternating current (AC) grid is expanded with direct current (DC) connections, as with the Belgian NEMO (Belgium-England) and the ALEGrO (Belgium-Germany) projects, or with complete meshed DC grids onshore and offshore; even offshore wind power plants can be connected to these grids (e.g. the European Supergrid).The innovative aspect of this research, besides the integration of the DC grids, is that the optimaloperation state is not only found for the base network: the algorithms can take the possible outage of one or multiple connections and generators into account.all algorithms are implemented with the open-source software package MATPOWER and are free to use by the general public. Ronnie Belmans Johan Rimez Optimal Control of Traction Motor Drives under Electrothermal Constraints Abstract: Permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) drives combine an interestingset of characteristics including a high efficiency, a high torque-per-ampere ratio and a wide speed operating range. This makes them particularly suitable for application in (hybrid) electric vehicles. Future requirements on electric traction drives are getting increasingly stringent. Areduction of cost, weight and volume is required, while an increase of efficiency, power density and reliability is necessary as well. To achieve these goals, research and development mainly focuses on improved designs and materials. However, performance figures are not only determined by the properties of individual drivetrain components, but also in the way traction motors, power electronic converters and energy storage interact as a system. Because this interaction is (for a large part) determined by the applied control strategy, a large potential for improvement issituated in this area. This thesis investigates how advanced contro Johan Driesen Joris Lemmens Optimal Control in Renewable Energy Generators with Strong Variable Input Power Abstract: Modern renewable energy generators have to deal with a strong irregular power input making it difficult for the controller to obtain a maximum power output. This project will study an enhanced controller for the electrical drive that takes into account the input power variation and the dynamic behavior of the generator on these variations. Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Lieven Vandevelde Optical Characterization and Modeling of Bulk Scattering and Luminescence Abstract: Fluorescent materials owe their typical color to the fact that they as opposed to non-fluorescent materials are able to absorb light and reemit it with a different color. These materials are therefore more easily noticed and are for this reason frequently used in safety vests and fluorescent markers.next to this visual application, fluorescent materials are also used in lighting, displays, and solar applications, where the color spectrum can be adapted to improve to color characteristics or the efficiency of the applications. A good model describing the behavior of light in fluorescent materials is essential for the optimization of these applications.during the doctoral research a number of models and characterization techniques for fluorescent materials were studied. A method based on adding-doubling calculations was extended forfluorescent materials. This method has the advantage that it is very fast, however it imposes a number of geometrical restrictions. An alternative meth Geert Deconinck Guy Durinck Sven Leyre

17 Operation and control of power systems with high penetration of PV and low grid inertia Abstract: The power system is facing some tremendous challenges for the next decades to come. While dealing with aging infrastructure and an ever increasing demand for electric power, the projected increase of electric power coming from renewable energy sources will put an even higher stress to the already highly loaded power systems. From a power system perspective,this dispersed renewable electricity generation behaves quite differentfrom traditional, centralized generation facilities. Apart from their intermittent nature, most of these sources are characterized by their lack of inertia. This system inertia is often considered as one ofthe vital system parameters upon which the synchronized operation of current day power systems is based: The inertia in the rotating masses of synchronous generators determines the frequency response with respect toinequalities in the overall power balance. The lower this system inertia, the more nervous the grid frequency reacts on abrupt changes in generation Ronnie Belmans Dirk Van Hertem Pieter Tielens OPERA4FEV: OPerating RAck For Full-Electric Vehicle Abstract: The OPERA4FEV project aims to develop thermoplastic battery racks on two functional demonstrators: one for a large scale vehicle from FIAT and one for a "niche" car, the F-City from FAM.To improve deployment of electrical vehicles in Europe, large scale production processes for Rack and electrical components need to be developed. The innovative solutions proposed by OPERA4FEV will integrate electrical, hydraulic connections and component housing in a thermoplastic approach to reduce cost, weight and assembly time.in order to show the relevance of the solution and meet strong industrial benefits, the two thermoplastics racks will be manufactured and assembled with industrial means. The whole value chain will be addressed, including the eco-design (dismantling and recycling of critical materials), assembly and integration of cells and electrical components. As safety of the on-board battery in electric, hybrid, and plug-in vehicles is of paramount importance to the international automakers, OPERA4FEV will pay particular attention to evaluate the effects of the rack characteristics regarding vehicle crash safety, and will focus on the potential risks for the vehicle and its occupants in case of failure of one or more batteries. To sum up, the main issues relative to OPERA4FEV project are : -the integration of cells into the thermoplastic rack -an easier mounting and fast connexions of cells -the reduction of assembly time -25% cost reduction on components (cells excluded) compared to existing rack -the improvement of dismantling for better maintenance -50% reduction of number of components -the eco-design of the racks and easier end of life (materials, dismantling) based on life cycle assessment -the plastics parts design to improve thermal regulation, guaranty safety/crash behaviour and deal with large dimensions -the use of recycled polymers (70% in weight) -30% weight reduction on components (cells excluded) -a concept proposal adaptable to automotive industry and evaluated with an representative tools and assembly line (able to reach 20 vehicle/day) Maarten MESSAGIE Javier Vicente SANFELIX FORNER PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE Ontwikkeling simulatietool elektrische straddle carrier in het kader van IWT haalbaarheidstudie Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'PSA Antwerp NV' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Ontwikkeling simulatietool elektrische straddle carrier in het kader van IWT haalbaarheidstdie'. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement. Noshin OMAR PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE Onderzoeksovereenkomst in het kader van het doctoraat van Allesandro Marino (getiteld: "Numerical modeling of oxygen mass transfer in the MYRRHA) Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'SCK-CEN, Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie/Centre d'etude de l'energie Nucléaire' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Onderzoeksovereenkomst in het kader van het doctoraat van Allesandro Marino'. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement. Alessandro MARINO JOHAN DECONINCK

18 Ondersteuning milieu-indicatoren 2014 Sector Transport: 3 Indicator energie-efficiëntie van transport Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'VMM - Vlaamse Milieumaatschappij' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Ondersteuning indicatoren Sector Transport: 3 Energie-efficiëntie van transport '. Maarten MESSAGIE Onderhoud van de ecoscore databank en gelinkte taken "Verdere uitbouw tweetalige Ecoscore databank. Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'VITO (Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch onderzoek)' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Onderhoud van de ecoscore databank en gelinkte taken "Verdere uitbouw tweetalige Ecoscore databank. '. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement. Maarten MESSAGIE NELE SERGEANT Onderaanbesteding in het kader van contract "ECOSCORE 2011". Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'VITO (Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch onderzoek)' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Onderaanbesteding in het kader van contract "ECOSCORE 2011".'. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement. Maarten MESSAGIE NELE SERGEANT OLYMPUS:Electrical vehicles sharing services based on a B2B Service platform. (Platform Living Labs Electric Vehicles) Abstract: The new mobility is evolving along patterns quite different from those of the past. People will be travelling around more efficiently, in function of time and reasons for their mobility, orchestrating their own movements as they see fit. Centralized information about all current mobility possibilities will be published on the Internet. Mobility solutions will be combined continuously. Private transport, public transit, and the pooling of vehicles will all mesh seamlessly into one smoothly functioning unit. Olympus examines the possible role of electric vehicles within this networked mobility environment. Via an open service platform, information about various types of electric vehicles, charging infrastructure, power consumption, modes of payment, traffic... will be collected and evaluated. In addition, new service providers will be offered the opportunity to test out and launch their commercial or social projects on this platform. This unified structure will form the basis for an entirely novel offer of networked mobility services such as multimodal route planning, reservations, and modes of payment Mathematics, Operational Research, Statistics and Information Systems for Management Sylvia HEYVAERT CATHY MACHARIS Numerical electro chemics Abstract: Copper interconnects for advanced performance and reliability. JOHAN DECONINCK No English Title

19 Jozef Poortmans Jyotirmoy Chatterjee New PV-cell and -module concepts for super high-efficiency non-concentration Jozef Poortmans Manoj Jaysankar New products and services in future electricity markets Abstract: Ongoing development in the electricity market will require new productsand services. Those will support the efficient operation of the electricity market in technical as well as in economic terms. This research analyzes how those products and services could be created for commercial and regulated market parties. Ronnie Belmans Eric Bosman Lynn Gyselen Multiscale Modelling of Electrical Energy Systems. Ronnie Belmans Multiscale modelling of Electrical Energy Systems Abstract: The project consists of 3 parts: 1 Mathematical modelling of electrical energy systems This includes a.o.t. modelling of uncertainties (e.g. due to renewable energy based power production) 2. Applications in electrical energy systems This includes a.o.t. new grid concepts based on distributed generation (with low or no inertia) 3. Validation environment This includes a.o.t. microgrids, virtual power plants and power-electronic drives Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Jan Melkebeek Multi-functional millimeter wave measurement equipment. Abstract: Today's citizens consider it for granted to have wireless communicationmeans such as mobile phones and WiFi at home. The drive now is to achieve higher data rates, less energy consumption (green technologies), and better signal quality. This project focuses on the transceiver part in the wireless system, grouping the high-frequency transmitter, receiver, and antenna(s). The first aim, reaching higher data rates, requires shifting the carrier frequency to the millimeter wave range. Especially the 60 GHz band has gained in importance in standardization.the second aim, energy saving, requires high-efficient circuit design. High efficiency is usually counterbalanced by low linearity, causing effects such as crosschannel interference and thus degrading signal quality. Signal quality, the third aim, is affected by noise as well, especially in the receiver. Some types of noise can be reduced by adopting differential designs. The millimeter wave multi-functional equipment in this project enab ESAT- TELEMIC, Telecommunications and Mi Guy Vandenbosch Dominique Schreurs Bart Nauwelaers Michel Steyaert Patrick Reynaert Multi-functional 5G software defined radio testbed. ESAT- TELEMIC, Telecommunications and Mi Guy Vandenbosch Wim Dehaene Liesbet Van der Perre Dominique Schreurs Emmanuel Van Lil Patrick Reynaert Sofie Pollin Marian Verhelst

20 Modular simulation of environmental-, energy and mobility aspects of the traffic policy. Abstract: VUB has an innovative simulation package available, allowing to simulate both vehicle characteristics, traffic flows and the interaction between them. This VUB methodology has been developed to cater the demand for software allowing to simulate complex problems in a realistic way in order to assess proposed policy measures. To this effect, different programs and databases have been linked: COPERT (emission factors), VSP (vehicle dynamics) and TRIPS (traffic simulation). The COPERT/MEET models describe the properties of vehicles using static emission factors. The advantage of the COPERT models is that they allow to describe the whole vehicle fleet in a static way. Models working with average speed do not take into account driving style and traffic situations. For this reason, the Vehicle Simulation Programme (VSP), developed at VUB, has been used. Starting from vehicle component data and speed cycles, the dynamical behaviour of the vehicle is simulated. Eventually, these vehicle models are coupled to the traffic simulation programme TRIPS. TRIPS is a commercial software package for transport planning, allowing to perform complex and detailed analysis of different transport systems. This is performed on two levels: private transport (cars, vans, lorries) and public transport (metro, bus, streetcar, train). This coupling allows a parallel study of environmental and mobility aspects, such as: + Impact of new forms of public transport or of frequency changes + Effects of 'modal switch' when more car users switch to public transport. + Implementation of new initiatives such as 'Park and Ride'. + Access restriction of certain city areas, excluding for example clean vehicles. + Integration of public transport in co-ordination with a network of automatic rental stations for electric vehicles + Commissioning electric vehicles in specialised delivery companies, GASTON MAGGETTO WIM DELOOF ELS VAN CROMBRUGGEN Model order reduction techniques for the multiscale modelling in electrical energy systems Ruth Vazquez Sabariego Md Rokibul Hasan Modeling and simulation of power electronic systems in the complementary systems framework. Wim Michiels Johan Driesen Modeling and proof-of-concept of sensor-controlled, wireless lightcontrol- and lighting control systems, autonomous and controlled on the basis of intelligence, whether or not dimmable light domes Abstract: not available Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Robain De Keyser Modeling and design of reverberation chambers for GHz electronic devices Abstract: This project addresses the modeling, design and manufacturing of a compact reverberation chamber for the electromagnetic compatibility assessment of modern electronic devices and systems operating at very high frequencies. The goal of the proposal is the design and manufacturing of the chamber and its measurement instrumentation, but also the theoretical modeling of the stochastically distributed EM fields inside. Departement of Information technology Dries Vande Ginste Modelering van het 900 VDC-net van de metrolijnen 2 en 6 inzake de remenergie. Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'MIVB' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Modelering van het 900 VDCnet van de metrolijnen 2 en 6 inzake de remenergie. '. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement. Ricardo BARRERO FERNANDEZ Mobile and adaptable components in the building envelope: sensibility analysis with respect to energy consumption and comfort

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