Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 1

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1 Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 1

2 Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 2

3 Peering in Brazil Americas Interconnection Summit April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA Eduardo Ascenço Reis PTT.br Engineering Team Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 3

4 Summary This presentation will covers Brazil Internet and peering brief history, PTTMetro/PTT.br peering, architecture and financial models, some statistical data about the participants and traffic per locations. Also critical points that create growth barriers and influence the future will be covered. Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 4

5 Brazil Facts in Summary Source: The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics IBGE Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 5

6 Brazil Facts in Summary Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 6

7 Brazil Facts in Summary 27 Federative Units grouped in 5 Regions Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 7

8 Brazil Facts in Summary São Paulo State Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 8

9 Brazil Facts in Summary São Paulo State Southeast Region Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 9

10 Brazil Facts in Summary São Paulo City São Paulo Population in 2015 City: > Urban Area: > Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 10

11 CGI.br - The Brazilian Internet Steering Committee Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 11

12 CGI.br - The Brazilian Internet Steering Committee The Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (CGI.br) was created by Interministerial Ordinance 147, of May 31st, 1995, which was amended by Presidential Decree 4,829 of September 3rd, Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 12

13 NIC.br - The Brazilian Network Information Center Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 13

14 CGI.br NIC.br - CEPTRO.br CGI.br The Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (CGI.br) purpose is for coordinating and integrating all Internet service initiatives in Brazil, as well as promoting technical quality, innovation and the dissemination of the services available. The CGI.br is comprised of members from the government, the corporate sector, the third sector and the academic community, and as such constitutes a unique Internet governance model for the effective participation of society in decisions involving network implementation, management and use. NIC.br The Brazilian Network Information Center (NIC.br) is a non-profit civil entity that implements the decisions and projects designed by CGI.br. CEPTRO.br The Center of Study and Research in Network Technology and Operations (CEPTRO.br) is responsible for services and projects that aim to improve the quality of Internet in Brazil, working more specifically with Internet infrastructure. PTTMetro/PTT.br is part of CEPTRO.br activities. Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 14

15 Reference Name IXP - Internet exchange Point PTT Ponto de Troca de Tráfego Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 15

16 Brazilian PTT History and Internet Key Points Year Location (City/State) Event 1989 São Paulo / SP.br TLD Activation 1991 São Paulo / SP Brazil First Connection to Internet via FAPESP (Dawn of Brazil Internet) 1996 São Paulo / SP PTT ANSP/FAPESP Operation Start 1997 São Paulo / SP Registro.br Operation Start (Brazil NIR) 2000 Porto Alegre / RS PTT RSIX Operation Start (RNP UFRGS) 2000 São Paulo / SP PTT OPTiX-LA Operation Start (Optiglobe Inc, now Tivit) 2002 Curitiba / PR PTT PriX Operation Start (RNP UFPR) 2002 Brasilia / DF PTT FIX Operation Start (RNP) 2004 São Paulo / SP PTTMetro (CGI.br) 2004 Rio de Janeiro / RJ PTTMetro (CGI.br) 2004 Brasilia / DF PTT FIX move to PTTMetro (CGI.br) 2004 Barueri / SP PTT ANSP/FAPESP moved to NAP do Brasil (Terremark Latin America) 2005 Curitiba / PR PTT PRIX moved to PTTMetro (CGI.br) From Peering in Brazil LACNIC XI / Salvador, BA Brazil - Interconnection Schemes and Strategies for ISPs Tutorial Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 16

17 Brazilian PTT History and Internet Key Points Year Location (City/State) Event 1989 São Paulo / SP.br TLD Activation 1991 São Paulo / SP Brazil First Connection to Internet via FAPESP (Dawn of Brazil Internet) 1996 São Paulo / SP PTT ANSP/FAPESP Operation Start 1997 São Paulo / SP Registro.br Operation Start (Brazil NIR) 2000 Porto Alegre / RS PTT RSIX Operation Start (RNP UFRGS) 2000 São Paulo / SP PTT OPTiX-LA Operation Start (Optiglobe Inc, now Tivit) 2002 Curitiba / PR PTT PriX Operation Start (RNP UFPR) 2002 Brasilia / DF PTT FIX Operation Start (RNP) 2004 São Paulo / SP PTTMetro (CGI.br) 2004 Rio de Janeiro / RJ PTTMetro (CGI.br) 2004 Brasilia / DF PTT FIX move to PTTMetro (CGI.br) 2004 Barueri / SP PTT ANSP/FAPESP moved to NAP do Brasil (Terremark Latin America) 2005 Curitiba / PR PTT PRIX moved to PTTMetro (CGI.br) From Peering in Brazil LACNIC XI / Salvador, BA Brazil - Interconnection Schemes and Strategies for ISPs Tutorial Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 17

18 Independent PTT Proliferation Problem: Too Close Operation From 1996 to 2004 São Paulo Metropolitan Area PTT Optix-LA PTT ANSP/FAPEP PTT Diveo PTT Telcomp Customer AS (e.g. IDC) Too many Connections High Cost Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 18

19 Independent PTT Proliferation Problem: Too Close Operation From 1996 to 2004 São Paulo Metropolitan Area PTT Optix-LA PTT ANSP/FAPEP PTT Diveo PTT Telcomp? Customer AS (e.g. IDC) Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 19

20 Independent PTT Proliferation Problem: Too Close Operation From 1996 to 2004 São Paulo Metropolitan Area PTT Optix-LA PTT ANSP/FAPEP PTT Diveo PTT Telcomp Customer AS (e.g. IDC) IP Transit Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 20 ISP NSP

21 PTTMetro The Brazilian Metropolitan IXP Project PTTMetro (PTT- Internet Exchange Point) is the project of the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (CGI.br) that provides the necessary infrastructure for the direct interconnection between the diverse networks that operate in a metropolitan region. Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 21

22 PTTMetro PTT.br Project # Operation PTTMetro CGI.br project started in 2004 and is still active. PTT.br NIC.br operation division responsible to deploy and maintain PTTMetro locations. PTT.br has a partnership to support its operation with entities that host PIX on all locations. Not complete list of PIX's hosts types: National Education and Research Network (RNP) Academic (e.g. Universities) Information Technology Government Companies (e.g. Procempa, Prodest, Prodepa) Internet Data Centers (IDC) Internet Service Providers (ISP) Internet Network Providers (NSP) Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 22

23 PTT.br Actual Domain of Operation BRAZIL Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 23

24 PTT.br Locations in Operation after PTTMetro Project was Started Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 24 Brasília Rio de Janeiro São Paulo

25 PTT.br Locations in Operation Each location is an independent IX Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 25

26 NIC.br Brazilian AS Distribution Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 26

27 NIC.br Brazilian AS Distribution - Density Chart Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 27

28 NIC.br Brazilian AS Distribution Brazilian Autonomous Systems (AS) Total: 3221 Last Updated: 27/Mar/2015 NIC.br Registro.br National Internet Register (NIR) Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 28

29 NIC.br/PTT.br IXP Locations and Brazilian AS Distribution Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 29

30 PTT.br IXP Locations All PTTMetro Locations are Isolated The main purpose for PTTMetro locations is to allow the local traffic to stay in the location. The Brazilian Internet Steering Committee do not intend to interconnect PTTMetro Locations and compete with telecommunications companies. PTTMetro project stimulates and support inter locations transport services done by participants companies. PTTMetro have defined some transport modes in order to optimize common resources and reduce costs that are already in production (e.g. Campinas <=> São Paulo by Fasternet company) Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 30

31 PTT.br Participants Distribution per Location Sao Paulo Curitiba Florianopolis Belo Horizonte Vitoria Belem Sao Jose do Rio Preto Cuiaba Sao Carlos Porto Alegre Salvador Londrina Fortaleza Maringa Sao Jose dos Campos Campina Grande Lajeado Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 31 Rio de Janeiro Campinas Brasilia Goiania Recife Natal Manaus Caxias do Sul

32 PTT.br Some 2014 Highlights Gbps / pico / day (141% growth/year) - 26 localidades ( new Cuiabá - MT ) PIXes actives participants ( Unique ) - 58 Switchs Installed ( nov13 to nov2014 ) - 13 DWDM Installed - Total 33 ( nov13 to nov2014 ) GE Insterfaces Installed Total of 10GE interfaces (122% growth/year) Total of 1GE interfaces (6% growth/year) Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 32

33 CGI.br NIC.br PTT.br - Financial Model Brazilians (persons or companies) R$ Domains / IP / ASN Registration.br Return Benefits Help Improve Internet Authoritative Name Systems DNS.br NIC.br divisions / activities Registro.br CERT.br Cetic.br Ceptro.br PTT.br / IPv6.br/ SIMET.nic.br / etc Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 33

34 PTT.br - Financial Model HighLights PTTMetro / PTT.br costs are sustained by CGI.br / NIC.br, despite Autonomous Systems (AS) participants needs for ports (number and capacity). Each participant AS has only costs to reach one or more Interconnection Points (PIX) of a specific PTT.br location in order to access its peering fabric. There is no startup and recurrent fees for AS participants at all PTT.br locations. Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 34

35 PTT.br Operational Responsibilities NIC.br PTT.br is responsible for: Installation, Management, Administration, Monitoring and Supporting all IX locations. Always keeping Neutrality and High Quality as main targets. Highlight: PTT.br is responsible to provide enough capacity to sustain bandwidth demand on connection between PIX: (e.g. 1GE, 10GE, nx 10GE with DWDM). PIX - Interconnection Point Each entity that hosts a PTT.br PIX is responsible to provide continuous and high quality: IDC Infrastructure Rack Space, Electrical Energy, Refrigeration, Physical Security, Operational Hand, etc Dark Fiber Pair (preferably redundant) to Central PIX Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 35

36 PTT.br - Regional Metro Ethernet Non-Blocking Switch/Peering Fabric AS A Each PTT.br Location Infrastructure Router IXP PIX A AS D Router PIX D PIX Central PIX B Router AS B PIX C Router PIX: Interconnection Point AS C Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 36

37 PTT.br High Availability Network Topology Model PIX Central C1 PIX Central C2 Core Access PIX Remote PIX: Interconnection Point Dark Fiber Pair Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 37

38 PTT.br São Paulo PIX Topology Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 38

39 PTT.br São Paulo Location PIX Distribution Central / Core PIX C1 and C2 Remote / Access PIX Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 39

40 PTT.br Peering Agreements Multi-Lateral Peering Agreements (MLPA) IP (v4/v6) traffic exchange between all participants. BGP sessions established between participants and IXP route servers. Different MLPA VLANs for IPv4 and IPv6. Bilateral Peering Agreements (BPA) Shared VLAN Mode IP traffic exchange only between participants. Use the same MLPA VLANs. Dedicated VLAN Mode IP traffic exchange only between participants (e.g. Internet Transit). Use a dedicate VLAN for each peering agreement. Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 40

41 PTTMetro/PTT.br Reference Model Fundamental Definition IP (v4 v6) AS A AS B Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 41

42 PTTMetro/PTT.br Basic Operational Model Allowed Traffic AS A MAC A MAC B IP (v4 v6) PTT.br Location Peering Fabric Allowed Frames with Ethertypes: 0x IPv4 0x ARP 0x86dd - IPv6 Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 42 AS B

43 PTTMetro/PTT.br Extended Operational Model Inter AS Traffic Allowed Multiple Connections to a Location for Redundancy and/or Load Balancing AS A MAC A MAC B AS B MAC C AS C PTT.br Location Peering Fabric AS A MAC A' Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 43

44 PTTMetro/PTT.br Extended Operational Model Intra AS Traffic Denied Multiple Connections to a Location for Internal Traffic (local loop) AS A MAC A MAC B AS B MAC C AS C PTT.br Location Peering Fabric AS A MAC A' Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 44

45 PTTMetro/PTT.br Extended Operational Model Multiple AS per Single Port Shared L2 structure outside PTT.br operation domain AS A MAC A NSP Transport Provider AS D MAC D Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 45 PTT.br Location Peering Fabric MLPA

46 PTTMetro/PTT.br Extended Operational Model Multiple AS per Single Port Use Different VLAN Tags for Logical Isolation (IEEE 802.1Q) AS A MAC A VLAN A VLAN A NSP Transport Provider VLAN B AS D MAC D VLAN B Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 46 PTT.br Location Peering Fabric MLPA VLAN C

47 PTT.br All Locations Aggregated Traffic Monday, 30th March 2015 Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 47

48 PTT.br Stacked Locations Traffic Monday, 30th March 2015 Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 48

49 PTT.br All Locations Aggregated Monthly Exchanged Traffic Growth Petabytes March 2015: almost 150 PetaBytes Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 49

50 PTT.br Representation to Brazil Internet Traffic Common Question: But how much Brazilian Internet traffic is exchanged through PTT.br? Not simple answer. Missing Data: Not all Brazilian AS are connected to PTT.br IX. Most AS do not share their values of Internet traffic. Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 50

51 PTT.br Internet Routing Relevance Analyses $ telnet lg.sp.ptt.br lg.sp.ptt.br> show ip bgp summary BGP router identifier , local AS number RIB entries 39978, using 3748 KiB of memory Peers 8, using 36 KiB of memory Neighbor V AS MsgRcvd MsgSent TblVer InQ OutQ Up/Down State/PfxRcd w3d08h w6d06h w3d08h w3d08h Total number of neighbors 4 lg.sp.ptt.br> ASN PTT.br MLPA Route Servers Output taken in am (UTC-3) Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 51

52 PTT.br Internet Routing Relevance Analyses IPv4 Address Space Allocated to Brazilian Entities ftp://ftp.lacnic.net/pub/stats/lacnic/delegated-lacnic-latest Grep lines for BR ipv4 occurrence and extract netblocks São Paulo (SPO) PTT.br Multi-Lateral Peering Agreements (MLPA) BGP Routing Table lg.sp.ptt.br.rib Process and extract IPv4 SPO PTT.br Brazilian Prefixes Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 52

53 PTT.br Internet Routing Relevance Analyses IPv4 Address Space Allocated to Brazilian Entities ftp://ftp.lacnic.net/pub/stats/lacnic/delegated-lacnic-latest Grep lines for BR ipv4 occurrence and extract netblocks Global Internet Routing Table Sample University of Oregon Route Views Project Process and extract IPv4 Global Brazilian Prefixes Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 53

54 PTT.br Internet Routing Relevance Analyses IPv4 routed address space analyses based on /24 prefixes Oregon PTT.br Global Internet SPO MLPA Unique Common Unique ,96% 26,94% 0,10% TOTAL Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 54

55 PTT.br Internet Routing Relevance Analyses IPv4 routed address space analyses based on /24 prefixes Oregon PTT.br Global Internet SPO MLPA Unique Common Unique ,96% 26,94% 0,10% TOTAL Almost 27% of Brazilian IPv4 routed address space is present at São Paulo PTT.br IX Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 55

56 PTT.br São Paulo MLPA Participants Diversity TITAN NETRONIX JETCELL GIGA COMDA 3COM UNK1 SERVERU ASUSTEK NIC.BR IBM LANNER HEWLETT INTEL ROUTERBOARD.COM ROUTERBOARD.COM CISCO DELL HEWLETT EXTREME JUNIPER INTEL BROADCOM BROCADE LANNER LANNER EXTREME BROCADE HEWLETT BROADCOM DELL INTEL CISCO JUNIPER Router Switch ROUTERBOARD.COM MLPA: 625 Active Routers Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 56 RouterBoard Server

57 PTT.br Barriers for Brazil Peering Growth 1. Critical Infrastructure Resources Availability and Quality Data Centers Electric Power Feed Cooling Systems External Optical Fibers Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 57

58 PTT.br Barriers for Brazil Peering Growth 2. Autonomous Systems (AS) Culture Result in: Small number of Brazilians AS compared to its potential (number of ISP, medium and big companies, Universities and others) A significative number of entities that received ASN and netblocks (IPv4 and IPv6) are not technically prepared to operate the AS Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 58

59 PTT.br PTT-RJ Olympic and Paralympic Games - Rio 2016 Olympics Games - 5th to 21th August Paralympic Games 7th to 18th September Less then 500 days to start the Games PTT.br Operating freezing on Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo Locations - From July 25th 2016 to 18th September Start 10 days before the games - Ends just after the Paralympic Games Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 59

60 PTT.br IX Associations Member European Internet Exchange Association (Euro-IX) https://www.euro-ix.net/ PTT.br is an Euro-IX member since 2010 with personal attendance on meetings since LAC-IX Latino American and Caribean Internet Exchange Asociation (LAC-IX) PTT.br is a cofounder and member of LAC-IX. Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 60

61 PTT.br Internet Governance Forum - IGF 2015 IGF 2015 The Tenth Annual IGF Meeting is scheduled to take place in João Pessoa, Brazil, on November The 2015 edition will hold 3 workshop proposals dealing with the IXPs issues. There will be one Best Practice forum on IXPs, which intend to be a space of collaboration of multiple actors involved with Internet traffic all over the world. The objective is to present and discuss the best practices of various IXP projects in global and local levels, so as to promote collective learning and to propose new strategies and standards for the sector. Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 61

62 PTT.br PTT Forum 9 São Paulo, Brazil PTT Forum 9 The PTT Fórum 9 event will take place in São Paulo, Brazil on the 7th and 8th of December PTT Fórum normal audience is composed by Brazilian Autonomous Systems (AS) and PTTMetro/PTT.br IX participants (some of them are international companies). The event will be translated between Portuguese and English. The event will be part of the Brazilian Internet Infrastructure week together with an IPv6 Forum and GTER/GTS (Network Engineering, Operation and Security Working Groups). Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 62

63 PTT.br Thanks & Contact Thanks Obrigado Peering in Brazil - Americas Interconnection Summit - April 7-10, 2015 in San Diego, CA - PTT.br - 63

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