3 FOR THE COMMEMORATION OF 125th ANNIVERSARY OF THE FRIGATE ERTUĞRUL S VOYAGE TO JAPAN
4 General Publishing Manager Radm.(UH) Macit ARSLAN Publishing Coordinator Capt.(N) Cahit S.GÖKGÖZ Authors Lt Cdr. Serhan ARAS Lt. Mehmet YÜKSEL Academic Supervisior Prof. Ali Merthan DÜNDAR Proofreading Ing.Teacher/Author Ahmet AKIN Founder of AKIN Language School Translation Ece IRMAK Graphic Design Emine TOMBUL Logo Design Ens. Mustafa AĞIRTAŞ Printing Coordinator Lt Cdr. Ercan BİCAN Printing House Deniz Basımevi Müdürlüğü Pendik İstanbul
5 PREFACE The tragedy of Frigate Ertuğrul in 1890 has had the most influence in the development of Turkish-Japanese relations in modern times. This final voyage of Frigate Ertuğrul also holds a significant place in the Ottoman history, especially with regards to utilization of the Navy as a foreign policy tool. Prince Komatsu, the nephew of Japanese Emperor Meiji, had paid a courtesy visit to Sultan Abdülhamid II in Istanbul in Frigate Ertuğrul was set out on its fateful voyage to the Far East from 1889 to 1890 in order to reciprocate this gesture and also to rekindle relations with the nations of the Far East. The deployment of Frigate Ertuğrul to the Far East was valuable in terms of leaving remarkable impressions and boosting the morale and motivation of not only the Turkish Nation, but also other nations affiliated with the Ottoman Empire. Hence, on her route Frigate Ertuğrul had made many goodwill port visits and engagements to countries in the region that are of interest to the Ottoman Empire. After an arduous voyage and successful mission Frigate Ertuğrul reached its final destination in Japan and the Sultan s gifts and letters were relayed to the Japanese Emperor on June 13th, The diplomatic mission had been accomplished; the good will visits of Frigate Ertuğrul had laid the foundation of strong relations with not only Japan, but also with many other nations in the region. However, Frigate Ertuğrul was destined yet for another historical mission that was unbeknownst to everyone at the time. On her voyage back to home port, Ertuğrul was struck by a violent hurricane and wrecked off the island of Oshima. The tragedy had deprived many members of her crew and their souls still rest in peace off the coast of Wakayama in South West Japan. There now stands in Kushimoto, Japan, Frigate Ertuğrul s Tomb of the Martyrs and the Ertuğrul Memorial Monument built in memory of those who have sacrificed their lives to accomplish their historical mission for becoming the solemn symbol of friendship between Turkish and Japanese nations. Frigate Ertuğrul is an important part of Turkish naval heritage. ERTUĞRUL is published in order to better preserve and promote this great naval heritage, and also to relay it to the future generations as an important tool for historical consciousness and collective memory. I firmly believe that this book will contribute to the commemoration of the 125th Anniversary of Frigate Ertuğrul s fateful voyage to the Far East. I would like to thank my staff for their efforts and contributions to the realization of this book. ERTUĞRUL is dedicated to the Blessed Souls of our Martyrs, the pioneers of Turkish-Japanese friendship and our Eternal Envoy to the Far East nations. Admiral Bülent BOSTANOĞLU Commander of the Turkish Naval Forces
6 7 In the 16 th century, the Ottoman s had a pivotal location at the crossroads of the transportation and trade network between Asia, Africa and Europe. With its strategic location, the Ottoman was at the center of interactions between the Eastern and Western worlds since its foundation. After territorial expansion in the 17 th century, the Ottoman became the ruler of the region known as The Old World and became geographically contiguous with neighboring countries.
7 9 The Ottoman played an important role in shaping the identity of the West thanks to its interaction with the World. In the course of time, this interaction has become an inclination of obtaining the Ottoman lands which was geopolitical fundamental element for the world politics of the West.
8 11 To fill the gap in science and technology for the purpose of preserving its existence, the Ottoman entered into relations with the Western world about training competent people and having qualified work force.
9 13 The first efforts for the new formation based upon the scientific and technological knowledge of the West took place at the armed forces. Later these efforts turned towards the field of education and a Western-style system was taken as an example in the fields of government and foreign policy.
10 15 The Ottoman also adopted western principles in its international relations. In that period, the Ottoman began to send legates to foreign lands and also send personnel abroad. When one of the ship from the navy was sent for the Ottoman fleets in the international waters, they took the advantage of the navigational routes in terms of the international relations.
11 17 The relationship between the Ottoman and the dominant power of the era have borne a resemblance to the relations between Japan and this sovereign. Especially the United Kingdom spread free trade policy throughout the world. The United Kingdom integrated the Ottoman into its own world system with the Treaty of Balta Limanı in 1838, China with the Treaty of Nanking signed after the Opium War in 1842 and also integrated Japan together with the United States into the same system with the Kanagawa Treaty in Although these treaties had some political, social and economic differences according to the regions, all of them were planned with the hegemonic system underlying the colonialism.
12 19 However, Japan amended these treaties as a result of the positive and cooperative attitudes of the United Kingdom and consequently formed a basis for the traditional alliance. The Ottoman did not encounter with the same attitude because the Ottoman lands were the target area of the United Kingdom.
13 21 In 1871, Japan proposed a treaty of friendship to the Ottoman. The opinions concerning this matter declared by the Ottoman Sultan Abdülhamit II to the commander of the Japanese warship Seiki which arrived in İstanbul with cadets in 1875 and also to the envoy who came to İstanbul in 1881.
14 23 In 1887, Prince Komatsu, brother of the Japanese Emperor Meiji, visited İstanbul in 1887 during his trip to Europe. It was the first official negotiation between the Ottoman and Japan.
15 25 Regarding the general framework mentioned so far, it is seen that the Ottoman was a maritime nation considering its borders despite the lost territories. Although the navy of the Ottoman was considered to be deactivated during the reign of Abdülhamit II, sending the Frigate Ertuğrul to the Far East voyage took an important place. Because the Frigate Ertuğrul was charged with a significant mission instead of an operation related with the border defense strategy.
16 27 The Ottoman determinately took the advantage of the navy ships to demonstrate its existence to the local people in its own lands and also to its allies. During the period when the colonial race of the West was escalated for the Ottoman lands after the unification of Italy and Germany, school ships were sent to sail in far seas instead of warships by taking account of reciprocity principles and western countries.
17 29 In 1863, the School Ship Hüdavendigar was sent to Tripoli and Tunisia. In 1873, the Frigate Muhbir-i Sürur was sent to Basra
18 In 1889, the Frigate Ertuğrul began the preparations for the voyage to Japan. 31
19 33 The Frigate Ertuğrul was launched at the Istanbul Dockyard on 19 October 1863 in presence of Sultan Abdülaziz. She had engines and boilers installed in England in 1864 and she returned to İstanbul in She was 79 m long and 15.5 m wide. The displacement of the ship was 2344 tons and her speed was 10 miles.
20 35 Technical Specifications of the Frigate Ertuğrul; Hull : Wood Draft : 7.1 m Machinery : two horizontal engines of 600 hp Fuel : coal/capacity of 350 tons Armament : 1 x 203 mm Armstrong, 8 x 150mm Krupp, 5 x 150mm Armstrong guns, 1 x Whitehead torpedo launcher, 2 x torpedoes Crew : 61 officers and civilians, 548 sailors, total: 609 personnel
21 37 There were debates about sending the Frigate Ertuğrul to Japan. A technical committee inspected the ship and arranged this report: It is seen with pleasure that the frigate is in excellent condition. She can sail to Japan, fly the glorious Ottoman flag in far seas and return home
22 39 According to this report, a route was planned to include Suez, Aden, Bombay, Colombo, Singapore, Saigon and Hong Kong. The Frigate Ertuğrul would make a long journey crossing the Red Sea into the Indian Ocean and sailing across the Pacific, visiting many port cities.
23 41 It was accepted with the official letter dated 21 February 1888 that the Frigate Ertuğrul would be prepared as a school ship and cadets would also be taken to Japan to increase their functional knowledge. The Frigate Ertuğrul was suitable for this voyage and she would be able to set off at the end of March.
24 43 The route and the ports which the frigate would call at were stated as follows: The initial route was designed to make various necessary stops on the way. The first stop was planned in Marmaris, and the next one in Port Said before the passage through the Suez Canal. Visits in Aden and Somalia would be followed by the stay in Jeddah. Considering the season-
25 45 al winds, the ship would stop by at Pondicherry and Calcutta in India. After staying in Port Akabod and Singapore, she would sail to Malacca by way of the Strait of Malacca. Proceeding to the north, the ship would stop by in Saigon and then in some docks in China to arrive in Hong Kong. Amoy and Shanghai would be the last stops before reaching Japan. Finally, after a stay in Nagasaki, the ship would arrive her destination in Yokohama.
26 İSTANBUL KOBE YOKOHAMA PORTSAİT SÜVEYŞ CİDDE BOMBAİ HONG KONG NAGASAKİ FOÇU OSHİMA ADEN KOLOMBO SAYGON SİNGAPUR
27 49 14 July Tarik Newspaper Telegraph The yesterday s newspapers reported that Frigate Ertuğrul which would visit Japan for the presentation of the gifts and the highest decoration of the Ottoman, Medal of High Honor, from the Ottoman Sultan to the Japanese Emperor would be set out from İstanbul. However the frigate set sail at approximately eight o clock today.
28 51 And the voyage begins The Frigate Ertuğrul departed from İstanbul on 14 July The first stop was Marmaris Port and the next one was Port Said. After calling at Port Said, she set sail towards the Suez Canal. However, the frigate experienced two unfortunate problems at Suez and went into dock to repair. The ship remained in dock for ten or twelve days and after repairs, she set out on 23 September 1889.
29 CİDDE BOMBAİ İSTANBUL PORTSAİT SÜVEYŞ CİDDE ADEN BOMBAİ HONG KONG KOLOMBO NAGASAKİ FOÇU KOBE OSHİMA SİNGAPUR YOKAHAMA ADEN KOLOMBO SAYGON SİNGAPUR A Turkish ship in the Far East waters CİDDE BOMBAİ The Frigate Ertuğrul departed from Suez and visited Jeddah. On 7 October 1889, she called at Aden. The frigate was welcomed warmly by the Muslim communities at the ports ADEN KOLOMBO of Jeddah and Aden. The frigate set out on 8 November 1889 and arrived Singapore on 15 November 1889 calling at Colombo and Bombay. Over 30,000 Muslims visited the frigate SİNGAPUR at Bombay and Colombo.
30 In the winter of 1889 The Frigate Ertuğrul was able to move both by sail and by steam engine. So, she stayed at Singapore for four months to wait for good weather conditions. The long stay of the Frigate at Singapore caused misinterpretations in foreign press. According to their comments, the reason why the Frigate Ertuğrul had stayed at Singapore so long was that she had to be repaired again. However, the Ministry of Navy reported that the reason was to take on necessary supplies and to take advantage of the favorable winds to move by sail. 55
31 İSTANBUL YOKOHAMA KOBE YOKOHAMA SÜVEYŞ PORTSAİT CİDDE BOMBAİ HONG KONG NAGASAKİ FOÇU KOBE OSHİMA HONK KONG NAGASAKİ FOÇU OSHİMA ADEN KOLOMBO SAYGON SİNGAPUR SAYGON In the spring of 1890 SİNGAPUR The Frigate Ertuğrul set sail from Singapore on 22 March She stopped by in the French colonial city of Saigon and then in the British colonial city of Hong Kong on 26 April 1890.
32 59 7 June 1890 The Port of Yokohama The Frigate Ertuğrul arrived her destination in Yokohama on 7 June 1890 calling at the ports of Foçu, Nagasaki and Kobe. In front of the port, the Frigate Ertuğrul was met by the Japanese, British and French ships and entered the port.
33 Silk tablecloth with a chrysanthemum embroidery (the symbol of Japanese Imperial Family) which was delivered by the Frigate Ertuğrul as a gift from the Ottoman Sultan Abdülhamit II to the Japanese Emperor Meiji (Museum of the Imperial Collections, 1890) June 1890 at Yokohama The Commander Osman Pasha presented the letter and the highest decoration of the Ottoman, Medal of High Honor sent by Sultan Abdülhamit II to the Japanese Emperor.
34 63 While in Yokohama, the Frigate Ertuğrul participated in sea races with the Japanese and British ships. Osman Pasha established relations with foreign embassies and legations there and attended the ceremony held in the palace with his staff.
35 At that night, at about ten thirty, we got on carriages which were especially prepared for us and went to the Emperor s palace. We were welcomed with usual protocol and accepted in presence of the Emperor with a ceremony. Regarding the desire of the Emperor, I read the speech in Turkish. Then the Emperor received the presents and made a speech in return. He laid stress on the recent close relations and increasing friendship between two nations, which created great pleasure and happiness. Then we left his presence. The Empress also stated that the arrival of the Turkish Battleship to Japan for the first time impressed her and she wished the continuation of such good examples. 1 August 1890 Osman Pasha Commander of the Frigate 65
36 67 The voyage of the Frigate Ertuğrul which began on 14 July 1889 and planned to last for six months lasted around eleven months. After the Frigate Ertuğrul accomplished her mission in Japan, it was ordered by the Ministry of Navy that the frigate would call at the Japanese ports of Uraga, Hyogo and Nagasaki and also the Chinese port of Shanghai and stay at each port for one month. She would wait for favorable weather conditions and return to İstanbul.
37 69 The Way Back Home The Frigate Ertuğrul waited for the good weather conditions and a route was planned for the return voyage. However, the crew were afflicted with cholera epidemic at Yokohama. Thirty-seven crew members suffered from cholera. The Frigate Ertuğrul lost thirteen crew members to epidemic. To stop the rising number of deaths, the Frigate Ertuğrul departed from the port of Yokohama on 15 September 1890.
38 71 It is kindly submitted for your information that we will set sail the next day, not tomorrow. 13 September 1890 / Yokohama Osman Pasha
39 73 16 September 1890 / Storm At the time of departure, the weather conditions were good, but the next morning a reverse wind began to blow and got stronger. In the afternoon, it became a typhoon. The distance to Oshima Cape in the town of Kushimoto was 10 miles. It was possible to see Kashino Lighthouse. The wind was getting stronger. A terrible noise was heard and then a heavy silence fell While the Frigate Ertuğrul was sailing from Yokohama towards Kobe, she hit the reefs and sank on 16 September 1890.
40 KASHİNOZAKİ LIGHTHOUSE At that time I was standing near the capstan on the quarter deck. I tried to go down the cabin and noticed that water poured in the main deck. When I went up the deck, I saw that the bow of the ship and the bottom of the hull were destroyed as if struck by lightning. Only the poop deck remained and the ship lay down on one side. In this terrible mass, I saw that the mizzen mast fell down towards the stern. All the crew had gathered together on the poop deck. I waited until the deck completely fell apart. Then I abandoned myself to the wild waves. I was injured and tried to approach the coast. I managed to reach the land. There was no way leading to the lighthouse and there were steep rocks everywhere. I spent that night there. It was so cold that it seemed impossible for me not to be frozen to death and it was too difficult to bear the painful cries of the wounded. When the morning came, we began to walk with the hope to find a way to the lighthouse. At last we found out a path and we reached there. Lighthouse keepers tried to cure the wounded and served us foods. While we were eating the foods, we explained how the vessel sank. However, there was nobody knowing English. So, we couldn t understand each other. Afterwards, in the evening, they put me and the band officer on board a boat and took to Osaka. Then we came to Kobe by a steamer. During the voyage, the captain of the ship showed us sincere interest by giving clothes for each of us. In Kobe, they took us to a police station. We explained everything in detail there. They immediately sent a message to Yokohama by cable. Meanwhile, we had been accommodated at a comfortable hotel. In the morning a German gunboat brought the other personnel to Kobe, and they were hospitalized there. 30 September 1890 from Kobe İmam Ali Efendi... 75
41 77 After the search and rescue operations conducted by the Japanese authorities, the villagers, the German vessel Wolf and the Japanese vessel Boco-Maru, 80 survivors were rescued. 531 crew members lost their lives in Japanese waters. In Japan, there was a tradition of launching aid campaigns after fires and disasters. After this tragedy, some newspapers in Tokyo, Osaka and Kobe initiated social welfare activities. They launched an aid campaign for the families of the martyrs of the Frigate Ertuğrul.
42 79 To the attention of Clerk Akiyama, The Frigate Ertuğrul, a ship from the Turkish Navy, encountered a typhoon off the Kashino coasts, hit the reefs and sank on 16 September After we were informed by the administrations of the village, we immediately went to the site of the accident to provide medical treatment to the wounded. However, we could not find an opportunity to record the number of the wounded whom we treated and the medicine we prescribed to aid these suffering people We would like to declare that we do not claim any payment or compensation for the treatments and drugs. We just thought that the wounded need help and we wanted to help these people wholeheartedly. Doctor Kawaguchi Sanjuurou Doctor Date Ichirou Doctor Matsu Shima 22 September 1890
43 81 The control of the social welfare activities was obtained together with the increase in the newspapers in Japan. However, the aid campaigns had remained national until An aid campaign was launched for foreigners for the first time in Japan together with the tragedy of the Frigate Ertuğrul. The Association for the Ottoman Navy also launched fundraising activities.
44 83 Japan obtained permission from the Ottoman to recover items from the wreck and started salvaging expeditions. The items removed were transported to İstanbul by a steamer of Messageries Maritimes.
45 85 The cannons recovered from the wreck were fitted to the Ironclad Osmaniye. The Ottoman was pleased with the sincere interest the Japanese showed in rescue operations and salvaging expeditions after the tragedy and also with their kindness and friendship. On this occasion, the Ottoman Sultan extended his thanks on behalf of himself and also his nation to the Emperor of Japan and Japanese nation. He tried to express his gratitude towards the Japanese nation with monetary aid, decorations and medals.
46 87 All of the survivors were transported back to İstanbul aboard the Japanese battleships Kongo and Hiei as a result of Japan s close interest.
47 89 The Commander of the Steamer İzzettin Rıza Bey was sent to meet these ships and he assisted them during their voyage.
48 91 These ships stayed in İstanbul for twenty days. The Ottoman Sultan presented medals and gifts to the crew of the ships.
49 93 Three monuments were erected to commemorate the martyrs of the Frigate Ertuğrul. First of all, a stone column with inscription was erected by the villagers of Oshima.
50 The memorial was restored in 1929 by the help of Türk-Nippon Trade Association. 95
51 97 It was restored for the third time in 1937 when Hüsrev Gerede was the Turkish Ambassador to Japan.
52 99 The Frigate Ertuğrul was welcomed in the ports which she called at during her voyage and this occasion appeared in the newspapers of that time. A newspaper called Kasıdı Bombay wrote on 28 October 1889 that the ship s crew were found clean and gentle. Their uniforms were neat. All these made a favorable impression upon the local people. Especially Indian Muslims demonstrated sincere welcome to the crew.
53 101 A newspaper called Avocat of India which was issued in English wrote many good expressions about the Frigate Ertuğrul and her crew on 29 October In this newspaper, it was stated that the Frigate Ertuğrul participated in the Russo-Turkish War of under the command of Hobart Pasha. The frigate was visited not only by the Muslims, but also by the non-muslims.
54 103 This voyage of the Frigate Ertuğrul left a great impression both on her own nation and also on other nations living in different countries. The Frigate Ertuğrul is still commemorated as an inaugural step of the relations between Turkey and Japan which officially initiated in 1887 and has steadily grown and reached a remarkable level today.
55 To Ertuğrul My Blessed Martyr, You are in your final resting place, In far seas, In friendly lands, Where the Sun sets on you And Sakura trees are blooming for you. You are the grief of the Navy, You are in our hearts, In the easterly wind blowing upon us Ertuğrul Rest in peace, you completed your mission with valor The perennial bond of friendship Through the track of waves you left behind Now close your eyes You are not alone We promise you We will never forget you Teardrop Bottle Recovered from the Wreck of the Frigate Ertuğrul (Tufan TURANLI collection) Serhan ARAS Lt Cdr. 105
56 OFFICERS 107 Admiral Rear-AdmiralOsman Commander Commander Ali Assistant Commander Commander Cemil Deputy Commander (Second) Lieutenant Commander Nuri Deputy Commander (Third) Lieutenant Commander Mehmet Deputy Commander (Fourth) Lieutenant Commander Ömer Company Commander Lieutenant Hulisi Company Commander Lieutenant Nuri Company Commander Lieutenant Ömer Lutfi Company Commander Lieutenant Mehmet Gunnery Officer (Second) Ensign Saffet Assistant Navigation Ensign Necip Mechanic Machinery Captain İbrahim Mechanic Machinery Lieutenant Commander Ahmet Mechanic Machinery Lieutenant Mehmet Sait Mechanic Machinery Lieutenant Mehmet Cemal Mechanic Machinery Senior Lieutenant Arif Mechanic Machinery Senior Lieutenant Şevki Midshipman Rıza Midshipman Asaf Midshipman Tevfik Midshipman İzzet Midshipman Ali Midshipman Ahmet Navigation Officer Senior Lieutenant Hasan Tahsin Torpedo Officer Senior Lieutenant Reşat Deputy Commander (Fifth) Senior Lieutenant Tevfik Quartermaster Captain Cemal Gunnery Officer Lieutenant Celal Company Commander Lieutenant Hamdi Assistant Navigation Ensign Şemsettin Assistant Navigation Officer Ensign İbrahim Şevki Assistant Navigation Officer Ensign Basri Assistant Navigation Officer Midshipmen Mehmet Assistant Navigation Officer Ensign Hasan Tahsin Mechanic Machinery Ensign Ali Rıza Mechanic Machinery Ensign Kemal Mechanic Machinery Ensign Sadık Mechanic Machinery Ensign Kadri Shipbuilding Engineer Ensign Ali Chief Physician Captain Dr.Hüsnü Physician Dr. Şevket Deputy Physician Senior Lieutenant Dr. Yasef Gunner Midshipman Ferdi Midshipman Haşim Midshipman Ali Midshipman Şemi Midshipman Ahmet Ziya Midshipman Mehmet Ziya Midshipman Salih Midshipman Agah
57 MARTYRED SEAMEN Mehmed s son Osman Ali s son Ali Salih s son Mustafa Ahmed s son Hüseyin Mehmed s son Süleyman Bekir s son Emrullah Yakub s son Ahmed Tufan s son Arif Abdullah s son Hüseyin Mustafa s son Zekeriya Ali s son Salih Agah Süleyman s son Mehmed Ali s son Ömer Mustafa s son Kerim Sadık s son İshak Ali s son Halil Mustafa s son Mustafa Salih s son Mustafa Emin s son Mehmed Mehmed Ebu Türk s son Eyüp Yusuf s son İlyas Yusuf s son Halil İbrahim Abdullah s son Raşid Hasan s son Ahmed Hasan s son Salih Bayram s son Mehmed Halil s son Hamid İsmail s son Hasan Mehmed s son Şükrü Mehmed s son Hasan Osman s son Nuri Hüseyin s son Mehmed Ömer s son Ahmed Mustafa s son Mustafa Mehmed s son Abdullah Mehmed s son Osman Selim s son Mehmed Ali s son Ömer Mustafa s son Yakub Ömer s son Ali Hüseyin s son Ali Ali s son Hüseyin Mustafa s son Mehmed Emin s son İsmail Mehmed s son Mahmud Mahmud s son Ali Mustafa s son Mehmed Süleyman s son Mehmed Ali Mahmud s son Ömer Mehmed s son Hüseyin Hüseyin s son Hüseyin Ahmed s son Hasan Osman s son Mehmed Bilal Ali s son İbrahim Abdurrahman s son Bekir Salih s son Temel Hüseyin s son Emrullah Mustafa s son Ahmed Hüseyin s son Durmuş Mehmed s son Salih Süleyman s son Necib Hasan s son Hüseyin Mehmed s son Ali Ahmed s son Osman Ömer s son Mustafa Mustafa s son Hasan İsmail s son Necib Ahmed s son Mustafa Arif s son Kasım İbrahim s son Yusuf Ali s son Dursun Mustafa s son Musa Ahmed s son Hüseyin Süleyman s son İsmail Mehmed s son İsmail Ali s son Zühdü Mustafa s son İsmail Ahmed s son Ömer Ali s son Mehmed Mahmud s son Osman Ali s son Hilmi Genç Ali s son Mehmed Yahya s son Ruşen Sadık s son Mehmed Yunus s son Kadri İbrahim s son Hasan Halil s son Halil Osman s son Salih Mustafa s son Mehmed Mehmed s son Muhsin Mehmed s son Hasan Ahmed s son Abdullah Ali s son Halil Hasan s son İlyas Hamdi Yusuf s son Ahmed Hamdi Mehmed s son Ahmed Ali s son Mustafa Halil s son Ahmed Hasan s son Ali Süleyman s son Mahmud Mehmed s son İsmail Mehmed s son Mustafa Hasan s son Hüseyin Mustafa s son Osman Hüseyin s son Ali Ali s son Mehmed Mehmed s son Receb Veli s son Hüseyin Ali s son Mehmed Mustafa s son Osman Ali Osman s son İbrahim Ali s son Şevket Ahmed s son Mustafa Osman s son Mustafa Ali s son Mustafa Süleyman s son Şaban Mehmed s son Osman Ahmed s son Ali Osman Arif s son Mustafa Hasan s son Ömer Ömer s son Şakir Ali s son Arif Abdülbari s son Kemaleddin Musa s son Mustafa Veli s son Ömer Mustafa s son Mehmed Mustafa s son İsmail Ahmed s son Mehmed Musa s son Mustafa Halil s son Mustafa İbrahim s son Mehmed Latif s son İzzet Yusuf s son Feyzi İbrahim s son Ahmed İzzet Ahmed s son Şerif Sadık s son Lütfullah Halil s son Ahmed Ali s son Şaban Mustafa s son İlyas Resul s son Hasan Halil s son Hüseyin Hüseyin s son Hasan Mustafa s son Mehmed Ali s son Ahmed Sadeddin s son Mustafa Kamil s son Tahsin Hüseyin s son Ömer Salih s son Selahaddin Süleyman s son Hüseyin Hüseyin s son Hasan Ali s son Musa Hasan s son Mehmed Mehmed s son Mustafa Mehmed s son Ali Süleyman s son İbrahim Mehmed s son Mustafa Seyit Mehmed s son Şerif Osman Mehmed s son Selim Hasan s son Arif Abdi s son Yusuf Receb s son Temel Mehmed s son Osman Ahmed s son Necib Mustafa s son İbrahim Hasan s son Osman İsnadpos s son Mustafa Ahmed s son Mustafa 109
58 Arif s son İsmail Mustafa s son İsmail Mehmed s son Hasan Ali s son Ali Osman s son Abdurrahman Mehmed s son Kamil Mehmed s son Osman Mehmed s son İbrahim Mustafa s son Ali İsmail s son Emin Hüseyin s son Hüseyin İbrahim s son Mustafa Mehmed s son Hüseyin İsmail s son Hasan Mehmed s son Hasan Ahmed s son Şükrü Salih s son Şaban İdris s son İsmail İbrahim s son Mehmed Mustafa s son İbrahim Mustafa s son Ali Mehmed s son Hasan Mahmud s son Mustafa Ahmed s son Mustafa Mehmed s son Ahmed Hasan s son Mehmed Hasan s son Ali Mehmed s son Kadir Mustafa s son Mikdad Ömer s son Hüseyin Mustafa s son Ahmed Mehmed s son Ahmed İbrahim s son Mustafa Salih s son Hamid Ahmed s son Mehmed Osman s son Hüseyin Şerif s son Emrullah Ali s son Arif Receb s son Emin Süleyman s son Mehmed Mustafa s son Mehmed Ömer s son Mehmed İsa s son Mahmud Mehmed s son Abdi Hasan s son Salih Halil s son Ahmed Ali s son Halid Arif Hasan s son Halil Şaban s son Süleyman Hasan s son Şerif Murtaza s son Mehmed Hasan s son Hüseyin Süleyman Hasan s son İbrahim Mehmed s son Mehmed Mustafa s son Osman Osman s son Hüseyin Mahmud s son Ömer İbrahim s son Receb Kebirli Ali s son İzzet Ahmed s son İbrahim İsmail s son Cemal Ömer s son Mustafa Mehmed s son Receb Muhsin s son Bilal Abdullah s son Hasan Hasan s son Ömer Aziz s son Hüseyin Davud s son İsmail Rüstem s son Mehmed Mehmed Ali s son Selim Osman s son Mehmed Hüseyin s son Şerif İbrahim Hasan s son Hasan Ali s son Mustafa Osman s son Hasan Cumali s son Hasan Veli s son Receb İbrahim s son Şerif Ömer s son İbrahim Ömer s son Ali Yusuf s son Mustafa Bekir s son Mehmed Hüseyin s son Ali Mehmed s son Salih Mustafa s son Kara Salih Arif s son İbrahim Ahmed s son Mehmed Mehmed s son Halil Süleyman s son Emin Ahmed s son Hakkı Osman s son Numan Mehmed s son Dursun Halil s son Hasan Hasan s son Hasan Mehmed s son Mustafa Mehmed s son Osman Ali s son Esad Mehmed Ali s son İsmail Ali s son Ahmed Ahmed s son Mustafa İbrahim s son Mehmed Hasan s son Hasan Ali s son Emin İbrahim s son Abdullah Mustafa s son Süleyman Ali s son İzzet Osman s son Osman Süleyman s son Yusuf Mehmed s son Bilal Mehmed s son Aziz Mehmed s son Halil Ahmed s son Emin Ali s son Mehmed Yusuf s son Mehmed Cemal Salih s son Süleyman İbrahim s son İbrahim İbrahim s son Hüseyin Mahmud Mahako s son Ahmed Mehmed s son Mustafa Osman s son Mustafa Bilal s son İbrahim Osman s son Mehmed Ali s son Temel Raşid s son Mehmed Ali s son Emin Hasan s son Hasan Mehmed s son İbrahim İsmail s son Hasan Kamil s son Mehmed Ahmed s son Hasan Mehmed Emin s son Palamutçu İsmail Mehmed s son Hüseyin Mehmed s son Ali Mehmed s son İsmail Hasan s son İbrahim Ali s son Mehmed Osman s son Ahmed Hasan s son Salih Ali Osman s son Şerif Ali Hüseyin s son Hüseyin İbrahim s son Hasan Hasan s son Osman İsmail s son Mustafa Hasan s son Mehmed Mehmed s son Rıza İbrahim s son Mustafa Ahmed s son İbrahim Hasan s son İbrahim Mehmed s son Süleyman İsmail s son Hüseyin Şaban s son Ali Osman s son İbrahim Ahmed s son İsmail Hasan s son Mustafa Halil s son Hüseyin Mustafa s son Ali Arif s son İsmail Musa s son İbrahim Temel s son Hamza Mehmed s son Halil Hasan s son Ali Ali s son Mehmed Bekir s son Mehmed Ali Muzaffer s son Raşid İbrahim s son Temel İsmail s son Osman Hamza s son Hasan Hüseyin s son Zeynel Mehmed s son Ali Abdullah s son Yusuf Hasan s son Mustafa Mustafa s son Hasan Mustafa s son Hüseyin İbrahim s son Ahmed Ahmed s son Mustafa Yakub s son Mahmud Mehmed s son İsmail Hasan s son Ali Mahmud s son Osman 111
Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words The Fry list of 600 words are the most frequently used words for reading and writing. The words are listed in rank order. First Hundred Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group
First 100 Instant Words the had out than of by many first and words then water a but them been to not these called in what so who is all some oil you were her sit that we would now it when make find he
p T h e L a s t L e a f IN A SMALL PART OF THE CITY WEST OF Washington Square, the streets have gone wild. They turn in different directions. They are broken into small pieces called places. One street
Before planes, people traveled by boat. And getting goods from one place to another took a long time, especially when ships had to sail around continents. In the early 1600s, European trading companies
SPECIAL DAYS, FESTIVALS and HOLIDAYS in TURKEY Feast of the Sacrifice (October 15 18, 2013) In Turkey, every year two religious festivals are celebrated: Ramadan and the Feast of the Sacrifice. Both of
Constitution vs Guerriere A Classroom Skit This skit recounts the battle between USS Constitution and HMS Guerriere using many of the actual words said by men who took part in it. It takes approximately
Objectives Summarize how Portugal built a trading empire in. Analyze the rise of Dutch and Spanish dominance in the region. Understand how the decline of Mughal India affected European traders in the region.
Remarks as delivered by Admiral Mike Mullen Western Pacific Naval Symposium Pearl Harbor, Hawaii 31 October 2006 It is nice to be back in Hawaii and very special. One of the ships that I had the fortune
THE CHINA TRADE, 1830 TO 1860 In the years following the American Revolution, speed was the most important consideration for any ship even if it came at the expense of cargo space. Sailing ships tended
Set 1 The people Write it down By the water Who will make it? You and I What will they do? He called me. We had their dog. What did they say? When would you go? No way A number of people One or two How
Chapter 8, Section 2 The Louisiana Purchase Pages 272-277 American Settlers Move West By the early 1800s, thousands of Americans settle in the area between the Appalachians and the Mississippi River. Kentucky,
World War One Campaign Medals Defence Honours & Awards From Australia s earliest involvement in war-like campaign service, medals were awarded under the Imperial system until the introduction of the Australian
PUSD High Frequency Word List For Reading and Spelling Grades K-5 High Frequency or instant words are important because: 1. You can t read a sentence or a paragraph without knowing at least the most common.
Partner Brookes Bell Hong Kong Ltd (Marine Engineer) Room 2207 Tower 2, Lippo Centre 89 Queensway Hong Kong Nationality American Mobile +852 6286 6571 Telephone +852 2358 4794 E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
AP European History! Mr. Walters 1996 DBQ: Dutch Republic & Rival States1 Task: Identify and analyze the challenges to the security, unity and prosperity of the Dutch Republic, 1650-1713. Take into account
LINA AND HER NURSE. SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNI0 N, 200 MULBERRY-STREET, N. Y. LINA AND HER NURSE. SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNION, 200 MULBERRY-STREET, NEW YORK. LINA AND HER NURSE. L INA lived away in that land of the East
Chapter 19 Section 4 America Enters the War Click on a hyperlink to view the corresponding slides. Chapter Objectives Section 4: America Enters the War Explain how Roosevelt helped Britain while maintaining
1 Pre-Test Directions: Label each statement with a T if true or F if false. 1. Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic Ocean to try to find North and South America. 2. Christopher Columbus founded the
Submitted on: August 8, 2013 Progress of Collaboration in Disaster Preparedness for Cultural Properties after the Great East Japan Earthquake Naoko Kobayashi Acquisitions and Bibliography Department, National
World Maritime University Graduation Remarks of the Commandant November 24, 2013 Malmö, Sweden Good afternoon! At least I think its afternoon. After the traveling I ve been doing this week, my body s clock
2013 Annual Report TEB 2013 ANNUAL REPORT AGENDA OF THE ORDINARY GENERAL ASSEMBLY MEETING ON MARCH 25, 2014 1- Opening and formation of the Presidential Board, 2- Granting authorization to the Presidential
60 Years Later, Navy Man and Tragic Plane Crash Remembered By Dave Trojan, Aviation Historian, email@example.com John (Jack) Staples US Navy, photo courtesy Staples Family Navy P2V Neptune Patrol
Funeral Service I *The ceremonies or tributes of social or fraternal societies have no place within the service. Baptized Christians should be buried from the Church. We begin in the name of the Father
The Sixth ISODARCO Beijing Seminar on Arms Control October 29-Novermber 1, 1998 Shanghai, China The Implication of TMD System in Japan to China s Security Institute of World Economics & Politics Chinese
APPENDIX IV MODERN WORLD HISTORY DETAILED KEY CONCEPTS TOPIC 1: REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT KEY CONCEPT 1.1: Analyze how the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment ideas impacted human thought. a. Identify
National Transportation Safety Board Marine Accident Brief Fire On Board Motor Yacht Ocean Alexander 85E06 Accident no. Vessel name Accident type Location DCA13LM029 Ocean Alexander 85E06 Fire Date July
Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Jonathan Greenert National Defense College of the Philippines 13 February 2014 Adm. Greenert: I m very honored to be here. All I had to do was show up and I get a medallion
138 Ernest H. Joy II Educational Background 1997 VPI AND STATE UNIVERSITY Blacksburg, VA. Ph.D. Education: Curriculum and Instruction 1990 US NAVAL WAR COLLEGE Newport, RI. M. A., National Security And
U.S. Statutes Relating to Piracy 18 U.S.C. 2280. Violence against maritime navigation (a) Offenses.-- (1) In general.--a person who unlawfully and intentionally-- (A) seizes or exercises control over a
Essential Question: What was the impact of European imperialism in Africa and India? Unit X Quiz 2 1. When did the Suez Canal open? 2. Why was it initially difficult for European powers to control their
PROPUESTAS PARA LA PRUEBA MAYORES DE 25 AÑOS CURSO 2011/ 2102 INGLÉS Asesores: Eliecer Crespo Fernández Antonio Maldonado Gallego PROPUESTA 1 OPCIÓN A THE SINKING OF THE TITANIC In 1912 a British shipping
THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE Origins of the Ottoman Empire After Muhammad s death in 632 A.D., Muslim faith & power spread throughout Middle East Islam Map By 1215, foreign invaders (Mongols from eastern Asia) took
In 1976, a cowboy, a fireman and hospital leadership came together to launch Life Flight the first air ambulance program in Texas. In the early 1970s, civilian helicopter EMS was revolutionary. Houston
Berlengas tek expeditions 2012 Deep wrecks and unexplored walls Portugal is usually known by its nice weather, food, wine and hospitality. What you probably did not know is that we are also home to some
In 1914, Britain ruled over one quarter of the world s surface area and 434 million people. This was known as the British Empire. When war broke out, Britain was desperate for men to fight. Unlike France,
International Strategy of Nagasaki University Nagasaki University was developed from Japan s first western medical school founded by a Dutch surgeon in 857. It suffered catastrophic disasters from an atomic
Ahmed Iqbal Ullah Education Trust British Empire Troops in the Title First World War Subtitle Empire and other troops More than 1,500,000 ethnic minority troops contributed to the work of the British Allied
Infosheet No. 2 Registry of Shipping Infosheet The Registry of Shipping MCA Cardiff Anchor Court Ocean Way Cardiff CF24 5JW T +44 (0)29 20 448800 F +44 (0)29 20 448820 E firstname.lastname@example.org www.mcga.gov.uk
To what extent were the policies of the United States responsible for the outbreak and development of the Cold War between 1945 and 1949? Although the dominant military confrontations of the 20 th century
POLS 203 History of Modern Turkey I Fridays 10:00-12:50 / GRAD 215 Instructor : Assist. Prof. Hakkı Taş E-mail : email@example.com Office & Phone : GRAD 202 & ext. 4633 Office Hours : Thursday 10:30-12:30,
Merchant Seamen Research - General Introduction Researching your seafaring ancestors is no easy task. Records changed over time, and those that still exist have been filed under a range of catalogue numbers,
Egyptian History 101 By Vickie Chao 1 A long time ago, before Egypt was a united country, there were two kingdoms -- Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. Upper Egypt was in the south. It controlled the areas along
1 The Road to Castle Dracula My name is Jonathan Harker. I am a lawyer and I live in London. About seven years ago, some strange and terrible things happened to me. Many of my dear friends were in danger
Republic of Turkey - Ministry of Economy, 2014 0 SHIPBUILDING INDUSTRY Turkey is surrounded by sea on three sides, is a natural bridge between Asia and Europe. Turkey borders the Black Sea, the Mediterranean,
Part III - Administrative, Procedural, and Miscellaneous Tax Relief for Those Involved in Operation Iraqi Freedom Notice 2003-21 PURPOSE This notice provides guidance in a question and answer format on
1 Nikki Tarolla Paper Category 2 The Transatlantic Cable was a revolution to technology that was used to unite the continents. Although it took many tries to establish a connection with all the continents,
OU R U PREVENTING CHILD LABOR COMBATING AFLATOXIN LI UTS LN ZE Q A TY FOR IOR HA PR TY PROJE CT PREFACE Durak Hazelnuts has developed a project described in this brochure entitled Our Priority for Hazelnuts
T h e C o p a n d t h e A n t h e m p The Cop and the Anthem S OAPY MOVED RESTLESSLY ON HIS SEAT in Madison Square. There are certain signs to show that winter is coming. Birds begin to fly south. Women
Islam Outcome: Islamic Empires Constructive Response Question 3.Who were the Ottomans, Mughals, and Safavids? What will we learn? 1.Islamic culture 2.The Ottoman Empire 3.The Mughals 4.The Safavids Islamic
Tax Relief for Those Involved in Operation Iraqi Freedom Notice 2003 21 PURPOSE This notice provides guidance in a question and answer format on the tax relief provided under Executive Order No. 12744,
The Sudanic African Empires: Ghana / Mali / Songhay & The Swahili City States of East Africa AP World History Mr. Blankenship Ghana Mali Songhay Swahili States The Kingdom of Ghana emerged c. 5 th century
Review from the Division for Investigation of Maritime Accidents BALTIC TARA / RAMONA Collision and later foundering of RAMONA in the Baltic Sea, North of Bornholm, Denmark, March 12, 2005 The ships data
Napoleonic France, 1799 1815 Napoleon Bonaparte as a young Officer 1 2 1796 Napoleon crossed the Alps & drove the Austrians out of Northern Italy. He then turned N. Italy into the Cisalpine Republic and
Presentation of the HMAS Yarra II Unit Citation for Gallantry to the Royal Australian Navy Acceptance speech by Chief of Navy Vice Admiral Ray Griggs Your Excellency, The Honourable Quentin Bryce, Governor
The Engine of Growth - Alliance between SIAM and JAMA - Fumihiko Ike, Chairman Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association SIAM Annual Convention, New Delhi, September 12, 2014 Thank you very much for the
WORLD WAR II 5-4.4: Explain the principal events related to the involvement of the United States in World War II, including campaigns in North Africa and the Mediterranean; major battles of the European
p T w o T h a n k s g i v i n g D a y G e n t l e m e n THERE IS ONE DAY THAT IS OURS. THERE IS ONE day when all Americans go back to the old home and eat a big dinner. Bless the day. The President gives
Create your own Home Front diary for the Second World War Use the documents and photographs in our Home Front website as evidence to help you write a diary about how your life was affected by the Second
Holiday on the Titanic PROVA DE INGLÊS EFOMM 2007 TEXT In July an expedition will leave St. John, Newfoundland on a voyage to the wreck of the Titanic. The voyage is organized by Deep Ocean Expeditions,
Title: GOD CREATED THE WORLD AND PEOPLE SPOILED IT Theme / Bible Basis: Review of Genesis 1-11 Bible Reading: Psalm 148, NLT Introduction: In our recent messages, we have read together from several stories
USS LST-168 Builder: Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Company, Evansville, Indiana Commissioned: 3 May 1943 Decommissioned: 14 March 1946 Disposition: Sold for scrap on 9 April 1948 to the Bethlehem Steel
The Global Economy prior to the War of 1812 Lesson Materials Department of Education Outreach French Ambassador s Announcement Due to the current war with England, the French government announces a ban
www.newsflashenglish.com ESL ENGLISH LESSON (60-120 mins) 10 th September 2010 The British Empire where the sun never set At its peak the British Empire was the largest empire the world had ever known.
Louisiana World History Louisiana History (Core Course: World History) World History 19. Explain the origins, developments, and consequences of the transatlantic slave trade between Africa and the Americas
The Ottoman Empire Crest of the Ottoman Empire Introduction Lasted 641 years!! (1281-1922) Longest dynasty in history Largest Islamic empire since the Abbasid Caliphate. Highly centralized, technologically
Flexible Cruising We left Georgetown SC on October 3 rd, continuing our southbound fall cruise. The goal was Florida, for a warm winter layover, and then over to the islands (Bahamas) in the spring. We
Langley School Combined Cadet Force Langley School Langley Park Norwich NR14 6BJ (01508) 520210 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Thursday, 13 June 2013 References: HMS Excellent Dear Parent and Cadet Following
CHAPTER 5: MILITARY CUSTOMS & COURTESIES GENERAL Military courtesy is simply the display of good manners and politeness in dealing with other people. Military courtesy conveys respect from both subordinate
The New England Colonies The North is also called New England. There were four colonies in the North. The colonies were Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire. The Pilgrims were the
1 Prof. Dr. Erhan BİRGİLİ Chairman of the Board of Directors 04.04.2012 2 Mustafa Talat KATIRCIOĞLU Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors and Managing Member 17.02.2012 3 Ahmet BEYAZ Board Member -
Dr. Abdullah DEMİR Zirve University, Faculty of Law, Gaziantep, Turkey, (+90-342) 211 66 66 email@example.com Education PhD Marmara University 1999-2004 Institute of Social Sciences Departmant
Curriculum Vitae As of May, 2015 Bekir Sahin Ph.D. Research Assistant Department of Maritime Transportation and Management Engineering Istanbul Technical University Tuzla, 34940 Istanbul, Turkey E-mail:
Domestic Insurance and Related Services Meiji Life is committed to achieving and maintaining the highest level of customer trust in the industry, and that is why the Company has been continuously and deligently
MINISTRY OF TRANSPORTATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA MARINE SHIP ACCIDENT AND INCIDENT INVESTIGATION MANAGER MARINE SHIP ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION FINAL REPORT 2/7/2014 No. (E)-TA-2 The purpose of this
1 Mehmet Ali İSLAMOĞLU Chairman of the Board of Directors 03.02.2015 2 Aydın GÜNDOĞDU Board Member - President&CEO 03.02.2015 3 Mehmet Ali GÖKÇE Board Member 03.02.2015 4 Bedri SAYIN Board Member 03.02.2015
Non-fiction: Immigration Immigration The United States of America has long been the world s chief receiving nation for immigrants. An immigrant is a person who leaves his/her country to settle and remain
Political and economic conditions in Europe and throughout the world after World War 1 led directly to World War 2: 1. The Treaty of Versailles, ending World War 1, was particularly harsh on Germany and
INDIAN LAW AND ORDER COMMISSION February 16, 2012 Palm Springs, California Testimony of Lyndon Ray Wood, Lieutenant Riverside County Sheriff s Department Tribal Liaison Unit 4095 Lemon Street Riverside,
US History 2 Ch. 24: World War II 1941-1945 Review Sheet Mr. Mulry Axis Power Goals Country Leader Goals Germany Adolf Hitler Dominate Europe and eliminate inferior Jews Italy Benito Mussolini Dreams of
Jamestown Questions and Answers Why is Jamestown important? Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in North America. It is America s birthplace. Who were the first Europeans to explore Virginia?
7 7-9 f/o ilgi m Bayezid Medrese And the Museum of Calligraphic OWNER AND EDITOR K. CUMHUR TEZEL Address : Büyükdere Cad., No: 32 80312, Mecidiyeköy İstanbul P.K. 24, Mecidiyeköy CONTENTS BAYEZID MEDRESE
Maritime Law of Mongolia 28 May, 1999 Ulaanbaatar SEA EXPLOITATION Contents Chapter 1 General Provisions Article 1 Purpose of the law Article 2 Maritime legislation Article 3 Scope of the law Article 4
UNITED STATES MARITIME COMMISSION WASHINGTON, D. C. COMMISSIONERS EMORY S. LAND, CHAIRMAN EDWARD C. MORAN, JR. MAX O'RELL TRUITT HENRY A. WILEY THOMAS M. WOODWARD W. C. PEET, JR., SECRETARY The most advanced
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development CONTAINER SECURITY: MAJOR INITIATIVES AND RELATED INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS Comments received from the United States Government on US Container Security