1 DOCUMENT RESUME ED AUTHOR TTLE NSTTUTON SPONS AGENCY PUB DATE NOTE EDRS PRCE DESCRPTORS CG 5 8 Lang, James M. Drug Educaton--Use and Abuse. A Resource Bulletn. Contra Costa County Dept. of Educaton, Pleasant Hll, Calf. Offce of Educaton (DHEW), Washngton, D. Co 7 326p. EDRS Prce MF-$.25 HC-$6.6 Abstracts, Agences, Annotated Bblographes, Audovsual Ads, *Bblographes, Consultants, Currculum Gudes, *Drug Abuse, *Drug Addcton, Federal Ad, *Programs, *Resource Gudes ABSTRACT The purpose of ths bulletn s to dentfy avalable resources relatve to drug educaton, and organze them nto a form whch can be used to pnpont a partcular servce whch can be addressed to a partcular need. ncluded n the bulletn are: () research report abstracts; (2) programs, (3) currculum resource gudes and nstructonal unts, (4) Calforna agences, (5) natonal agences, (6) consultants, (7) possble federal fundng sources, (8) flms and flmstrps, and (9) an annotated bblography ncludng books, perodcals, and pamphlets. The research reported heren was funded under Ttle of the Elementary and Secondary Educaton Act. (KJ).."-5..z.-t.,, -,, t u,',..4-
2 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATON 8 WELFARE OFFCE OF EDUCATON THS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN REPRODUCED EACTLY AS RECEVED FROM THE PERSON OR ORGANZATON ORGNATNG T. PONTS OF VEW OR OPNONS STATED DO NOT NECESSARLY REPRESENT OFFCAL OFFCE OF EDUCATON POSTON OR POLCY. of DRUG EDUCATON - USE AND ABUSE A Resource Bulletn Compled by James M. Lang, Ed.D. A Publcaton of the Contra Costa County PACE Center Contra Costa County Department of Educaton The work presented or reported heren was performed pursuant to a grant from the U.S. Offce of Educaton, Department of Health, Educaton, and Welfare. The grant was made under the provsons of Ttle of the Elementary and Secondary Educaton Act of 965 to the Contra Costa County Superntendent of Schools through the cooperaton of the Contra Costa County Board of Educaton. 97 YY
3 NTRODUCTON The subject of drug educaton - use and abuse s a prmary concern of educators and lay people throughout the naton. The lterature s replete wth materals coverng the entre spectrum of ths area of concern. Programs of varyng degrees of worth are beng tred naton-wde. Knowledgeable persons, acd those wth questonable knowledge, are avalable, and offer a wde range of servce, and sometmes dsservce. The audo-vsual servces offer many flms and flmstrps rangng from excellent to the medocre, or downrght poor n qualty. All of these servces are avalable but are prolferated to a pont where concerned persons are at a loss as to where they may look for assstance. The purpose of ths bulletn s to dentfy avalable resources relatve to drug educaton, and organze them n a form whch can be quckly used to pnpont a partcular servce whch can be addressed to a partcular need. The compler of the bulletn professes to make no contrbuton to orgnal knowledge. Nether does he clam to have exhausted the resources. A tme lmtaton on the producton of ths document, resultng from a request of potental users that the. work be completed at the earlest possble date, has prevented the use of all materal whch the compler has requested from varous sources throughout the Unted States. A further lmtaton, resultng from a lack of tme and resources, would not allow a thorough search for programs, consultants, et cetera. t should be further ndcated that a document of such a current topc as drug educaton s obsolete as soon as t s publshed, wth the nflux of new data appearng n the lterature. Wth these lmtatons n mnd, t s hoped that the nformaton contaned heren wll be of assstance to those whose efforts are drected toward drug educaton. James M. Lang
4 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The suggeston that ths bulletn be compled was made by Mr. James Reno, Assstant Drector of the Long Range Plannng Offce of the Rchmond Unfed School Dstrct, to the Contra Costa County PACE Center Board of Drectors. Other drectors on the Board ndcated that such a document would be useful to school personnel as well as lay groups. Many groups and persons have been contacted for materals and nformaton relatve to the problem of drug educaton. To these persons and groups grateful acknowledgment s made for ther contrbutons. A partal lstng of these contrbutors s made below: Bolter, Arthur, M.D., Castro Valley, Calforna Calforna State Department of Educaton, Sacramento, Calf. Calforna State Department of Publc Health, Berkeley, Calf. Carlyon, Wllam H., M.D., Amercan Medcal Assocaton, Chcago, ll. Clark County School Dstrct, Las Vegas, Nevada Cohen, Allan Y., Ph.D., Consultng Psychologst, Berkeley, Calf. Contra Costa County Health Department, Martnez, Calforna Derum, Sgt. Harry, Contra Costa County Sherff's Offce Fenglass, Sanford J., Ph.D., Stanford Unversty Heller, Los, Research Lbraran, Contra Costa County Schools PACE Center Huber, Eugene, San Francsco Unfed School Dstrct Hughes, Gerald G., Contra Costa County Medcal Servces, Martnez Mental Health Clnc KQED Educatonal Servces, San Francsco McCune, Donald A., Educaton Specalst, Educaton Project on Drug Abuse, State Department of Educaton Morentz, Paul E., M.D., Veterans Admnstraton Hosptal, Martnez, Calforna Natonal Coordnatng Councl on Drug Abuse Educaton and nformaton, Washngton, D.C. Osborne, Roy F., Church of Chrst, San Leandro, Calforna Owen, Vola M., Drector of Currculum, Santa Clara County Offce of Educaton Smth, Davd E., M.D., Unversty of Calforna Medcal Center, San Francsco, Suddjan, Arthur H,, Coordnator, Fresno Cty Drug Abuse Center, Fresno, Calforna Other contrbutors not ncluded on ths lst are gratefully acknowledged and ther contrbutons are apprecated.
5 TABLE OF CONTENTS Pages, ntroducton Acknowledgments Programs -37 Research Report Abstracts - Drugs Reports and Journals From Varous Centers and Agences Currculum Resource Gudes and nstructonal Unts - Drug Educaton Materals Avalable From Natonal Agences Drug Abuse Servces - Bay Area Calforna Agences, Facltes and Resources (Statewde) 77-2 Natonal Agences Drectory Consultants Possble Federal Fundng Sources For Problems of Drug Abuse Flms and Flmstrps On Drugs Flms -26 Free Flms Flmstrps Annotated Bblography 22 ndex Books Pamphlets Perodcals Name ndex Subject ndex
6 PROGRAMS The programs lsted n ths secton are those for whch nformaton was receved as a result of numerous letters wrtten to agences throughout the Unted States. Other nformaton has been receved snce the publcaton deadlne for the document and s avalable upon nqury to the Contra Costa County PACE Center.
7 A CONFERENCE FOR WORKERS N DRUG TREATMENT CENTERS January 3, 97, 3 p.m. through February 6, 97, 5 p.m. SPONSORED BY: Urban Young Adult Acton, nc. Natonal Sex and Drug Forum Unted Mnstres n Hgher Educaton "To fulfll a need for nformaton, exposure, reflecton and plannng for people who are nvolved n drug treatment programs. THE MND SET s for factual nformaton for those who are nvolved n drug treatment programs or those who are contemplatng such a program n youth densty areas such as hgh schools, campuses and urban settngs. THE SETTNG s San Francsco, where a wde varety of programs have been ntated and evaluated. You wll have an opportunty to come n contact wth a number of people and stuatons whch wll prove of value n your varous programs. The actvtes wll center at the Glde Urban Center, 33 Ells Street, and wll nclude vstaton to drug treatment centers n the area. THE SUBSTANCE s a number of exposure and nformaton experences wth men such as Dr. Joel Fort, Dr. Davd Smth and others, and ncludes nput sessons on varous drugs, ther effects and socologcal dynamcs, the musc of the drug culture, revew of audo-vsual materal, the psychedelc relgous movements, examples of programs, workshops, and celebratons." AWARENESS HOUSE NC.* P.O. Box 55, Fort Bragg, Calforna H.. the local Awareness House program whch orgnated n Fort Bragg n the Sprng of 968 and has been n operaton therefor, for a year and a half or more. Ths was ntally a program wth school leadershp. But snce the basc phlosophy whch we then, and stll do espouse, s that the problem of drug abuse among young people s not a school problem nor a law enforcement problem, but s a communty problem. The program here n Fort Bragg became a communty program, wth school people stll mantanng leadng roles n ts development....snce July, 969, those of us most closely nvolved wth the development of the local program, have become a tranng project funded through the Mendocno County Superntendent of Schools Offce, and funded by the Bureau of Educaton Personnel Development, Unted States Offce of Educaton, Department of Health, Educaton, and Welfare under NDEA Ttle V, to tran exaddcts to work as drug specalst counselor-ades n schools and communtes and to assst those communtes who wsh to employ our personnel to develop ther own local programs and to develop and dssemnate a natonal model tranng program. *nformaton relatve to Awareness House s quoted from a letter receved from the Drector, Mr. H. Bryce Brooks.
8 2 Snce July, we have asssted the communty of Sonora, Calforna to establsh a program there called n Ste, usng our personnel, and we have opened the Tucson Awareness House n Tucson, Arzona. The fourth Awareness House program wll open at Yuba Cty, Calforna, on February, 97. We have also consulted wth ctzens' groups and school people from a number of other communtes n Calforna, Arzona, Oregon, and Washngton, n an attempt to assst them to develop communty programs. We daly receve requests for assstance by phone, mal, and personal vsts from all over the Unted States. We are assstng the state of Arzona to develop legslaton regardng the control of dangerous drugs and narcotcs, rehabltaton, educatonal and preventon. We have recently acted as consultants to the Offce of the Governor of the State of Calforna n the area of drug abuse plannng. So t s obvous the consultatve servces are avalable. We are lmted n what we can do by the sze of our staff whch conssts of myself, my assocate drector, Wlson Van Dusen, Ph.D., a clncal psychologst, whose functon s research evaluaton and plannng and to the two staff traners that are part of our admnstratve staff. We try to respond to requests for assstance as best we can. We have occasonally provded consultatve servces at no charge and pad our own expenses. Usually, we provde such servces for expenses only. Sometmes we have charged a standard $ a day per person consultatve fee, plus expenses. So, as you can see, we try to be flexble. Our objectve s to be of assstance f we can. am the contact person and the address s shown on the letterhead above. Our phone number s (77) n answerng your queston number four, who may use the servce--agan may have to dvde my answer nto two parts. The local programs, the Awareness programs, that have been establshed and wll be establshed, are desgned to work wth kds, prmarly hgh school and junor hgh school age, though we have had some grammar school and some college age young people nvolved. We are prmarly a preventatve program, workng most effectvely wth the expermenters and young people who have not as yet expermented but who are under peer group pressure to do so. n addton to these, we do work wth hard core drug users, and have had a great deal of success wth young people lvng at home, gong to school n ther communty, but who are usng speed and heron. We offer no lve -n facltes, but are strctly a drop-n center and we provde several knds of actvtes explaned n the enclosed brochure. Our tranng program, on the other hand, trans personnel for school dstrcts and communtes. So far, the personnel that we have graduated have gone to work n communty drug abuse programs. Ths wll probably be the general pattern. Our program has been effectve n Fort Bragg n radcally reducng the ncdence of the use and abuse of llegal and dangerous drugs n our communty. We can already see postve effects n the communtes where programs have recently been establshed. We have no objectve measure of the success, but must rely on the testmony of
9 3 our polce, mnsters, school offcals, parents, and the kds. We hope to be able to develop n the next few months objectve measures whch we can publsh. Snce we have no drect connecton wth Mendocno State Hosptal, there would be no one there who can gve you further nformaton about ths program. Mendocno State Hosptal s at ths tme our prmary source of prospectve tranees. Ths, for the smple reason, that we know of no other program of rehabltaton of addcts that s as successful as the one at Mendocno State Hosptal. There s a smlar program at Napa State Hosptal whch does offer some hope of provdng qualfed tranees. Our grant applcaton, whch was funded by the Bureau of Educaton Personnel Development, was wrtten by Dr. James Mlne, Drector of the North Coast PACE Center n Eureka. All of ths actvty taught us some thngs. A. Drug expermentaton and use had become very wdespread among teenagers and young adults. Ths nvolves such drugs as the extremely dangerous amphetamnes. B. No authortes have any clear deas on the best ways to deal wth the problems. Our deas are as good as anyones. C. Our kds have no real knowledge of the real dangers nherent n ther nvolvement wth drugs, they are unbelevably nave. C. Our kds are more nclned to accept the ex-addcts as authortes on drugs than they are to accept the word of an7 teacher, school admnstrator, parent or mnster. E, The ex-addcts themselves are dedcated to the dea that drugs are dangerous. They can lead to addcton and crme and therefore to jal, nsanty and death. For ths reason they are eager to tell young people how t really s, F. Wth use of drugs, young people feel alenated from parents, school and communty and have developed a great deal of btterness toward ther envronment and towards the authorty fgures n ther lves. Fort Bragg's answer was to hre three graduates of the drug abuse program at Mendocno State Hosptal as Counselor-ades to work under the supervson
10 4 of the school counselors n the schools and n the communty. These three were leaders of the drug abuse program at the State Hospt and had been mportant factors n the success of that program. One of the.,ree has snce left Fort Bragg, but the other two are stll workng here. These people were hred by the school dstrct for the last few weeks of school. Those of us who talked wth the kds soon became aware that many were afrad of summer. They felt that tme would be on ther hands and plenty of dope would be avalable and that they would not be able to resst. t was then decded that a longer term program was necessary and an effort should be made to determne f we had a program whch could contrbute to the soluton of the problem of dope abuse by young people. An applcaton for Federal Funds was made. Funds were needed to contnue the project untl Federal Fundng came through. An Awareness House Auxlary was organzed to admnster funds, and to help explan the program to the communty. The Auxlary has rased about $,7 and has spent most of t n settng up and operatng the program at Awareness House through the summer. Our Awareness House' program nvolves the followng servces:. A number of 'Awareness Groups' meetngs at the house wth Counselorades. These groups consst of both users and non-users. The objectve of the 'Awareness Group' s to mprove communcaton and understandng and to learn to 'turn on' wth people - not drugs. 2. Provdes a place where parents can get help n dealng wth famly drug abuse problems. 3. Provde a referral agency for local physcans and others n cases where drug problems are nvolved. 4. Provde educaton to young people n and out of school and to others regardng drug abuse. The 'Awareness House' program s an expermental one and as far as we know the only one of ts knd any place. t has been actve for too short a tme to prove anythng, but we do know some thngs already:. Young people who have reached the pont that they want help are beng helped. Several who appeared to be hopelessly addcted have not used drugs for several weeks and even months as a result of ths program. 2. We wll never know how many young people who are expermentng wth drugs, or who were thnkng about such drugs or were thnkng about
11 5 such acton, have been turned asde by the publcty and the nformaton provded. 3. The communty has a place to go for help--we are not just sttng here watchng our kds go down the dran. 4. We know we cannot help anyone untl they want help. Apparently they have to hurt themselves before they want help. t s some comfort, however, to know that help s avalable." * * *
12 CALFORNA STATE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATON* Bureau of Health Educaton, Physcal Educaton, Athletcs, and Recreaton 72 Captol Mall, Sacramento, Calforna 9584 November 2, 969 SUMMARY OF MAJOR ACTVTES OF BUREAU RELATVE TO DRUG ABUSE EDUCATON "The overall objectve of the Bureau s to provde leadershp and assstance to personnel n publc schools, kndergarten through grade 2, n developng effectve programs relatve to the drug abuse problem and to assst n the development of jont school-communty programs to help solve the drug abuse problem. Major actvtes desgned to help acheve the objectve follow:. A specal study, mandated by the legslature, s beng conducted wth the cooperaton of representatves of the State Department of Publc Health to determne more effectve educaton relatve to drug abuse. 2. Prorty s gven to provson of assstance, upon request, to school dstrcts and county offces of educaton n plannng and conductng nservce educaton programs related to drug abuse educaton. 3. Regonal meetngs are beng conducted for admnstratve and supervsory personnel n school dstrcts n selected countes to motvate them and prepare them to conduct local nservce educaton programs. (Model tred and evaluated n two geographc areas n ; now beng extended to other areas.) 4. Consultaton, provded to school and communty groups to stmulate a coordnated total communty program amed at the drug abuse problem. 5. Leadershp s beng provded, n cooperaton wth the Department Consultant n nstructonal Televson, to Regonal nstructonal Televson groups n the development and coordnaton of nstructonal Televson Programs related to drug abuse. Three day meetng sponsored to share and evaluate materal under producton. 6. Revson of Department publcaton, 2LAbuse: A Source Book and Gude for Teachers, 967 s under way to brng materal up to date. (Snce publcaton n md 967, over 25, copes have been dstrbuted.) 7. Materals related to varous aspects of drug abuse are perodcally developed and dstrbuted to county offces of educaton and local school dstrcts. 8. Assstance provded to State Board of Educaton n development of Resoluton on Drug Abuse Educaton. Resoluton adopted July, 969. Copes dstrbuted to all county and dstrct superntendent of schools. f 9. Two members of the Bureau staff actvely partcpate n the work of the k Task Force on Educaton, Calforna nteragency Councl on Drug Abuse, and the Councl tself; one member of the Bureau actvely partcpates *Prepared by Patrca Hll, Consultant n Health Educaton, November 2, At." A
13 7 (as the only publc school educator) on the Task Force on Narcotc, Drug and Alcohol Abuse, Calforna Councl on Crmnal Justce.. Reply to correspondence and telephone calls from all over the country as well as n Calforna regardng drug abuse educaton.." Note: Above actvtes carred on by two staff members n the Bureau--The Educaton Project Specalst employed on a temporary bass to conduct the study mandated by the Legslature (Angela Ktznger, Febreuary, August 3, 969; Donald McCune, November 3, ) and the Department Consultant n Health Educaton (Patrca Hll). CENTER FOR SPECAL PROBLEMS: SAN FRANCSCO, CALFORNA* The Center for Specal Problems s a Dvson of the Cty of San Francsco's Communty Mental Health Servces. Offered are out-patent treatment to adults who have problems related to alcohol abuse, drug abuse, sexual dentty and devance, and sucdal behavor. Any resdent of San Francsco County s elgble to apply for treatment. The Center for Specal Problems s a unque, publc health program for outpatent treatment, educaton and research on a number of major (and growng) socal and health problems whch prevously have been gnored, or dealt wth nadequately by socety. Among the major features of the Center's program are: () the treatment of all forms of drug abuse n one clnc, ncludng alcohol, narcotcs, tobacco, marjuana, sedatves, stmulants and hallucnogens. (2) the provson of a full range of publc health servces for people wth sexual problems, crmnal behavor, and/or drug abuse. (3) a full range of clncal servces, combnng many sklls and dscplnes, to best treat each patent's needs. WHAT SPECAL PROBLEMS DO WE DEAL WTH?. alcohol dependency and abuse alcoholsm -- problem drnkng drunk drvng. other drug dependency and abuse sedatves and tranqulzers ncotne (and coal tar)--smokng stmulants--amphetamnes and others marjuana narcotcs--heron, morphne, cocane, cough syrups hallucnogens (L.S.D., peyote, etc.) other substances--glue, gasolne, etc. *Materal cted was submtted by Eugene Huber, San Francsco Unfed School Dstrct
14 8 sexual problems homosexual promscuty trans-sexualsm and transvestsm prosttuton exhbtonsm perversons crme and delnquency the shoplftng check forgery "whte collar" crme arson volence--assault, homcde, rape. sucde WHAT SERVCES EST FOR NDVDUALS AND THER FAMLES WTH THESE SPECAL PROBLEMS? Evaluaton and dagnoss (medcal, socal, psychologcal) Treatment psychotherapy--ndvdual, famly and group medcaton--tranqulzers (major and mnor) Antabuse and other medcnes socal servces occupatonal actvty therapy (art and musc groups) counselng new approaches--awareness groups, psychodrama, averson, decondtonng and transactonal games and analyss Vocatonal counselng (ndvdual or group)--testng and evaluaton; referral to job sources Consultaton to agences, schools, programs (ant-poverty, ant-delnquency, health, etc. Medcal-legal evaluaton and court testmony Educaton and nformaton publc lectures (speaker's bureau) telephone help.,..4.2,p.th/4g.7-l "s
15 9 Referrals to and from: San Francsco General Hosptal Alcoholcs Anonymous (AA meetngs each Wednesday eve) Salvaton Army Day Care Centers S.F. Cty Clncs Mendocno State Hosptal Napa State Hosptal Halfway houses Other specalzed communty agences and resources CENTER FOR SPECAL PROBLEMS 27 Van Ness Avenue (at Pacfc Avenue) San Francsco, Calforna 949 Telephone: Barry S. Ramer, M.D., Drector * * * COMMUNTY ATTACK (FRESNO CTY UNFED SCHOOL DSTRCT) * Drug abuse s vewed as a total communty problem demandng jont schoolcommunty partcpaton for ts soluton. Ths partcpaton s channeled through the cty's Drug Abuse nformaton Center whch works wth both the schools and the communty. The schools are n the process of developng a long-range K-2 currculum and a teacher n-servce educaton program. The communty works through a coordnatng councl whch encompasses many publc and prvate agences. Features of the communty program are a hot lne telephone answerng servce and varous adult and student volunteer groups whch work wth dfferent aspects of the communty's drug abuse problem. The Fresno Cty Unfed School Dstrct reports on programs ndcated. prmary thrust of these programs s attaned through: The. A Drug Abuse nformaton Center 2. Conferences nvolvng communty-wde commtment Excerpts from these programs are cted:*. DRUG ABUSE NFORMATON CENTER The overall student drug abuse problem n Fresno can be partally understood from the pont of vew of any of ts sub-sectons...such as ts medcal, legal, moral, cultural, socologcal, educatonal and other mplcatons. But only when t s vewed as A COMMUNTY PROBLEM can a comprehensve understandng and an effectve soluton be realzed. And, t s for exactly ths reason that a total communty attack upon the problem s, at ths very moment, beng organzed...wth the PTA, Cty Councl, Chamber of Commerce, Communty Councl, Fresno County Schools Offce, Fresno Cty Schools and other organzatons and ndvduals jonng hands and resources. To enable the Fresno Cty Schools to contrbute substantally to the jont effort to reduce the problem as far as possble, a relatvely new Dstrct *Excerpted from materal submtted by Mr. Arthur H. Suddjan, Coordnator, Fresno Cty Drug Abuse nformaton Center.
16 offce...fresno Cty Drug Abuse nformaton Center...has been establshed. Organzatonally, the Center's actvtes wll be coordnated by Mr. Arthur H. Suddjan who, n turn, wll be drectly responsble to Mr. Robert S. Mner, Assstant Superntendent, nstructon. As presently defned, t shall be the functon of the new Coordnator to:. Gather and dssemnate the latest nformaton regardng narcotcs and dangerous drugs. 2. Develop and mplement nservce educaton programs for pupls, teachers, counselors, nurses and admnstrators n cooperaton wth Gudance and Health Servces. 3. Assst n currculum development and expanson, as related to narcotcs and dangerous drugs. 4. Serve as a resource person and/or speaker to school, communty, parent groups and agences. 5. Keep the Dstrct up-to-date on local and state trends of student nvolvement wth dangerous drugs. 6. Keep abreast wth other school dstrct educatonal programs attemptng to solve the ncreasngly complex problem of drug abuse among students. 7. Serve n a lason/consultatve capacty, n cooperaton wth all communty agences and organzatons seekng to mnmze the problems of drug abuse among our youth. 8. Work closely wth the Fresno Communty Councl's three-phase program on drug abuse. 9. Work closely wth the Eleventh Dstrct PTA and County and Cty PTA Councls n developng a Drug Abuse Commttee n conjuncton wth Governor Reagan's war on drug abuse among our youth.. Serve as Eleventh Dstrct PTA School Health Charman... As stated earler, the Center s a new endeavor...an endeavor that s delberate, planned and systematc. t s an endeavor that wll functon wthn the context of a total communty effort. But, to be effectve, the Offce must not only gve support -- t must also receve support -- both from the communty and from the Dstrct's staff. 2. DRUG SEMNARS Fresno Communty Councl - DSCUSSON GUDE FOR COMMUNTY-WDE ATTACK ON DRUG ABUSE BY STUDENTS, Sarah McCardle Room, Fresno County Free Lbrary Background n recent months, students n the Fresno Area have become ncreasngly nvolved n the use of habtuatng drugs, ncludng stmulants (amphetamnes), depressants (barbturates), and Hallucnogens (LSD). LC.
17 On March 26, 968, the Fresno Communty Councl called a meetng of law enforcement, school and other personnel to dscuss the problem. Dr. Noel Smth, M.D., the Councl's Famly and Chld Welfare Consultant, presded. Purpose of the meetng was to apprase the extent of the problem, to determne what s presently beng done about t, and to map out a course of acton for the future. Followng ths meetng, dscussons were held wth ndvduals who have professonal background n law enforcement and human relatons to obtan more nformaton about the problem. Several youth who vew the problem from close range partcpated n the dscussons. The objectve was to defne areas of agreement and dsagreement among persons wth specal knowledge about the problem. The areas of agreement were used a 'buldng blocks' n constructng a communty-wde attack on the problem. Areas of Agreement Lsted below are the areas of agreement reached n these dscussons:. Drug Abuse s A Felony. 2. Drug Laws Must Be Strctly Enforced. 3. Drug Abuse s ncreasng. 4. Many Offenders Escape Detecton. 5. Nether Law Enforcement Agences Nor Schools Can Solve Problem Alone. 6. A 'Thrd Agency' s Not The Answer. 7. Parents Must Become More Responsble For the Conduct Of Ther Chldren. 9- A Communty-wde Attack s ndcated. Communty-Wde Attack Based upon the above areas of agreement, the followng components of a communty-wde attack on the problem are presented for consderaton. These were suggested by numerous youth and adults, representng a wde range of lay and professonal ponts of vew, who partcpated n the analyss of the problem and search for solutons: Counsellng Youth and ther parents should be gven an opportunty to dscuss ther problems anonymously wth a person orented on communty resources avalable to assst n ths problem area. By ths procedure t may be possble to reach some youth who do not come to the attenton of law enforcement authortes at present. f parents are not aware of the youth's nvolvement, every effort should be made to notfy them, preferably wth the consent of the youth. Parents should be strongly urged to notfy law enforcement authortes by explanng to them what ths notfcaton nvolves, and why t s mportant to them and to others. A program smlar to Alcoholcs Anonymous (by prevous addcts) or Drop-Outs Anonymous (by ctzens) may well serve ths puzpose.
18 2 Coordnaton Formal plans should be made to enable physcans, educators, mnsters, attorneys, law enforcement personnel, and others to exchange nformaton and to coordnate ther efforts. One of the objectves should be to mprove the mage of law enforcement agences n order to reduce the reluctance to counsel wth them. Responsblty for ths coordnaton should be assgned to one partcular admnstratve unt, to be determned by the County Admnstratve Offce. Publc and Parent nformaton The general publc should be nformed about the legal, medcal and socologcal mplcatons of drug use, abuse and addcton, as well as on the procedure and mportance of law enforcement. A publc nformaton program may nclude prnted materals, a speakers bureau, news releases, rado and televson appearances or other methods. Parents should be provded the opportunty of partcpatng n educatonal programs amed at alertng them on the causes, symptoms and mpact of drugs. Responsblty for publc and parent nformaton programs should be assgned to an exstng admnstratve unt, or to a Drug Abuse nformaton Center, at the dsgresson of the County Admnstratve Offce. Educatonal Programs School admnstrators, prncpals, counsellors and teachers should partcpate n orentaton sessons on drugs, symptoms, laws, etc. School currculum should nclude programs on drugs. Fresno County Schools and the Fresno Cty Unfed School Dstrct should assume responsblty for these efforts. * * * COMMUNTY CONCERN: DRUG ABUSE* Contnung Programs - KTV - Channel, Sacramento/Stockton (Followng ntal telecast of October 28, 969) No. DRUG ABUSE: QUESTONS AND ANSWERS, PART - Sunday, November 6th, 4:3-5: P.M. Followng the orgnal KTV telecast on drug abuse, many vewers as well as partcpants requested the questons phoned n be answered. Thus follow-up programs # and #2 wll do just that. *Note: Although these televsed programs have been produced at the tme ths Bulletn s publshed, they have been reported n the hope that some aspects may be helpful n the development of future programs. (Tapes of these programs avalable upon request - KTV, Channel, P.. Box, Sacramento, Calf.)
19 k 3 Panelsts wll nclude: Keth Kllam, Ph.D., Professor and Charman, Department of Pharmacology, Unversty of Calforna School of Medcne, Davs, Calforna The Rev. Leon McDougall, Chaplan, Kar7 Holton School, Calforna Youth Authorty, Stockton, Calforna Three young people, one of whom has had personal experence wth drug use. Moderator: Dck Cable, Anchorman, Channel News Repeat Telecast: Sunday, December 2, 4:3-5: P.M. No. 2 DRUG ABUSE: QUESTONS AND ANSWERS, PART - Thursday, November 27, 7:3-8: P.M. (Thanksgvng Day) More questons from the orgnal drug abuse show to be answered by: Stuart Stenberg, M.D., Charman, Drug Abuse Commttee, Sacramento County Medcal Socety, Sacramento, Calforna Robert Moss, Attorney, Stockton, Calforna, Vce Presdent and member of the Board of Drectors of Black Cross, a Stockton project to help crculate nformaton about drugs and help the drug abuser. Three other young people and agan one wll have had personal experence wth drug use. Moderator: Dck Cable, Anchorman, Channel News Repeat Telecast: Sunday, December 28, 4:3-5: P.M. No. 3 DRUG ABUSE: THE USERS - Saturday, December 6, 4:3-5: P.M. The reactons, the thoughts, the concerns of current drug users, as well as those who were drug users, form program #3. Garth Matthes, a former drug user hmself who helped organze Awareness House n Fort Bragg, Calforna, and who s now afflated wth n Ste House, Sonora, Calforna, wll lead the dscusson. Four other young people wll jon Matthes and relate ther experences whle "on" and "off" drugs. Moderator: Dck Cable, Anchorman, Channel News Repeat Telecast: Sunday, January 4, 97, 4:3-5: P.M. 4 '
20 4 No. 4 DRUG ABUSE: MARJUANA - Sunday, December 4, 4:3-5: P.M. Ths specal flm deals wth young people. They express themselves n a strong and forceful way and through the use of exctng flm clps, make mportant ponts concernng drug use and drug abuse. The flm s hosted and narrated by Sonny Bono of the popular recordng team of SONNY AND CHER. ntroducton By: Dck Cable, Anchorman, Channel News kt No. 5 DRUG ABUSE: SOLUTONS? - Tuesday, January 3, 97, : - :3 P.M. s there a way to solve the drug problem? Are there enough people wllng to work toward a soluton? What are other communtes dong? The panel ths tme examnes and evaluates the programs whch have been ntated wthn dfferent communtes and school systems to combat drug abuse. They comment on the success or falure of dfferent approaches to the problem. Panelsts wll be: Bryce Brooks, Counsellor, For Bragg Unfed School Dstrct and Drector of the Fort Bragg Awareness House. James T. Barter, Psychatrst at the Unversty of Calforna School of Medcne, Davs, Calforna and Drector of Mental Health Servces, Sacramento Medcal Center, Sacramento, Calforna. Dr. Joseph R. Ferrera, Assstant Superntendent for Specal Servces and Programs, San Juan Unfed School Dstrct, Sacramento, Calforna. Stuart Stenberg, M.D., Charman, Drug Abuse Commttee, Sacramento County Medcal Socety, Sacramento, Calforna. Moderator: Dck Cable, Anchorman, Channel News COMMUNTY DRUG PROGRAM: PTTSBURG, CALFORNA* A total communty drug program has begun and a tremendous amount has been accomplshed n the short four weeks that the drug commttee has been operatng. The projected goals and/or areas that must be strved for have been dvded nto four subcommttees. Number One: The frst and most mportant at ths stage s the Educaton Commttee, whch deals wth the educaton of the total communty ncludng parents, students, teachers, etc. *Reproduced from Drugs and Narcotcs bulletn, John W. Copeland, M.D. Pttsburg Drug Control Commttee. - Co-Charman,