1 IBM Global Business Services Executive Report Technology Strategy IBM Institute for Business Value Continuing the IT infrastructure conversation Why building a strong foundation requires more than technology
2 Technology strategy Infrastructure matters for optimizing business outcomes. Cloud, big data and analytics, mobile, social and security are changing the world. New trends and technologies are putting significant demands on the underlying IT infrastructure. This is causing IT leaders to revisit their IT choices and rethink how they manage infrastructure. Organizations need an open, agile and security-rich infrastructure that can deliver speed and scalability. They also need anytime, anywhere access to data and the ability to seamlessly allocate resources to accelerate innovation.
3 IBM Global Business Services 1 By Nate Dyer, Pamela Hurwitch, Eric Lesser and Jacqueline Woods Amid a backdrop of rapid technological advances, the IT infrastructure conversation has matured, broadening from the solitary topic of technology to include the future of the business itself. As part of this, IT organizations must evolve and serve both as valued service providers and trusted advisors. Here in our second IT infrastructure report, we address their progress in this area, as well as the importance of collaboration among the IT function and other parts of an organization. Specifically, we examine how these groups can work together to capitalize on IT trends for competitive advantage and deliver the capabilities for business success today and well into the future. 22% 30% 13% of organizations have a well-defined enterprise IT infrastructure strategy and roadmap. of organizations are successful at collaborating with the business to provide IT infrastructure solutions to support their business needs. of IT executives say they are successful at developing and maintaining the skills and capabilities needed to meet changing IT infrastructure needs. Today, the ongoing IT infrastructure dialogue between business and IT executives is about more than technology it s about the future of the business. The modern IT infrastructure conversation is about identifying evolving technology developments and how to best harness IT trends for competitive advantage. It is about defining a business/it relationship that is based on mutual gain, rather than control. And it is about delivering needed capabilities for the present, as well as preparing for future opportunities. In our first research paper on the topic of IT infrastructure, The IT infrastructure conversation, we reported that infrastructure continues to play an important role in an organization s ability to compete in the marketplace. 1 The significance of this role will only grow with continued advances in big data and analytics, cloud, social and mobile technologies. As part of the study, we identified a small number of leading IT organizations, which we dubbed Strategic IT Connectors, that are working more closely with the business to understand their infrastructure needs and are more likely to realize better business outcomes.
4 2 Continuing the IT infrastructure conversation We also see that a majority of senior IT executives surveyed believe they are challenged in their ability to support a strategic IT infrastructure agenda. Only a small number believe they have a well-defined enterprise IT infrastructure strategy and roadmap. Most don t see themselves as effective in collecting, analyzing and documenting their performance measures. Further, the lack of information on metrics also makes it difficult to translate and communicate IT s value to the organization. A majority of IT executives also don t believe they are successful at capturing repeatable best practices for application and infrastructure patterns to drive optimal performance and service quality to support their business needs. And most aren t effective at enabling cross-functional teams of infrastructure domain experts from different infrastructure disciplines (such as hardware, software and networking) or sharing IT resources across multiple lines of business. In short, IT executives recognize that in an environment where IT infrastructure is becoming more critical, their ability to manage the business of IT infrastructure remains a work in progress. Our research also revealed the need for a new level of interaction between IT and business leaders, who increasingly have a stake in the success of IT infrastructure. Never before has this conversation been as important as it is today. On one hand, as companies increasingly look to use their IT infrastructure as a competitive differentiator, technology executives need to understand how emerging analytics, social, mobile and cloud-based capabilities will affect their technology decisions and investment plans. On the other hand, line-of-business leaders are looking to make sense of the plethora of choices regarding the use of internal and external platforms to enable their most valuable applications. From the vantage point of technology executives, the dialogue is still in its early stages. Only a small percentage of respondents see their IT organizations as effectively collaborating with the business around the development of IT infrastructure solutions. And relatively few IT executives believe that their business peers are looking to the IT function to provide guidance regarding technology solutions, such as the use of software-as-a-service and other cloud computing opportunities. This lack of connection between the business and the IT organization not only limits the opportunities for better coordination, it poses real risks associated with data governance, systems integration, security, resource allocation, business continuity and, ultimately, return on investment. Skill development is another area in which IT organizations find themselves challenged. Despite the need for greater knowledge of the business and an ability to develop flexibility among the various IT infrastructure disciplines, a large majority of companies find themselves ill-prepared to develop the skills and capabilities needed to support today s infrastructure needs. In an era where IT infrastructure plays an increasingly important role, we believe that organizations looking to increase the value they provide to the business should focus on three areas. First, we suggest repositioning the role of IT as both a trusted advisor and a valued service provider one that not only delivers valued services, but leverages its expertise to help business leaders make more informed technology decisions that help achieve business goals. Second, IT organizations need to collaborate across the ecosystem not only connecting the dots within the organization, but extending its reach to understand the emerging trends of strategic partners and vendors. Last, they should rise to the challenge of developing the next generation of IT professionals, establishing a new paradigm that includes skills beyond traditional technology competencies and addresses these changing demographics and new business requirements.
5 IBM Global Business Services 3 Methodology The data collected for this study is based on a survey of 750 senior IT executives hosted in conjunction with our research partner, Oxford Economics. Participants identified themselves as being involved in decisions regarding their organizations IT infrastructure strategy and practices. Representing a wide variety of industries and company sizes, respondents were located in 18 countries, with 66 percent from mature markets and 34 percent from growth markets (see Figure 1). As part of our analysis, we evaluated the extent to which companies identified themselves as applying certain leading practices, including: Establishing a well-defined enterprise IT infrastructure strategy and roadmap Collaborating effectively with the business to provide IT infrastructure solutions to support business needs (such as improving one-to-one customer engagement) Using the IT function as a broker of technology services for the organization (for example, providing expertise to the business in selecting software-as-a-service and other cloud computing opportunities) Supporting cross-functional teams of infrastructure domain experts to identify, source and implement IT infrastructure solutions Collecting, analyzing and documenting performance measures. On a scale of 1 to 5, companies that selected a 4 or 5 in three or more of these practices were identified as Strategic IT Connector organizations. Those that did not select a 4 or 5 on any of these practices were identified as Siloed IT Operator organizations. In our sample, 17 percent of companies fell into the Strategic IT Connector category, while 20 percent were identified as Siloed IT Operator companies. Survey respondents by global revenue Survey respondents by industry (>50)* Over US$10B 19% US$500M US$1B 21% Banking/Financial Markets Insurance Electronics Retail 55 US$5B US$10B 27% US$1B US$5B 34% Telecommunications Consumer Products Government Computer Services 51 Professional Services 51 Figure 1: Industries and company sizes of study participants. Source: IBM Institute for Business Value, IT Infrastructure Study. QS2. What is your organization s primary industry? (n=750); QS5. What was your organization s approximate global revenue last year in U.S. dollars? For public sector, what was your organization s approximate annual budget for the last fiscal year? (n=750). *Note: Other Respondents: 194 (Aerospace and Defense, Automotive, Chemicals and Petroleum, Education, Healthcare (Provider), Industrial Products, Life Sciences and Pharmaceuticals, Media and Entertainment, Travel and Transportation, Utilities). Totals do not add to 100 percent due to rounding.
6 4 Continuing the IT infrastructure conversation Overall, Strategic IT Connector companies were significantly more likely to identify themselves as outperforming their industry peers in terms of revenue growth (30 percent versus 10 percent of Siloed IT Operators) and profitability (45 percent versus 25 percent of Siloed IT Operators). They also were more likely to have a higher than average industry net profit margin compared to their industry peers (62 versus 26 percent of Siloed IT Operators). Toward a higher goal The IT function continues to aspire to play a greater role in driving enterprise strategy. Over time, our face-to-face interviews with CIOs, conducted as part of our global C-suite series, reveal a distinct trend toward focusing on IT as a critical enabler of the business vision versus a provider of basic IT services and operations (see Figure 2). 2 Clearly, in the next three to five years, CIOs believe IT will be at the heart of competitive differentiation. Our recent IT infrastructure study reinforces this fact; more than 70 percent of companies recognize that IT infrastructure plays an important role in enabling competitive advantage or optimizing revenue and profit. Further, Strategic IT Connectors are significantly more likely to make this connection (81 percent) than their Siloed IT Operator peers (see Figure 3). The role of IT to 5 years Critical enabler of business/enterprise vision Facilitation of organizational process efficiency Provider of industry-specific solutions Support for basic IT services and operations Figure 2: CIOs are focused on repositioning IT at a more strategic level within the enterprise. Source: Moving from the back office to the front lines, CIO Insights from the Global C-Suite Study. IBM Institute for Business Value. November Why IT infrastructure matters: An organization s viewpoint It is a key enabler of our current and future business strategy and competitive advantage It optimizes revenue and profit It enables us to drive cost reduction and productivity improvement 15% 23% 26% 37% 44% 42% 81% of Strategic IT Connectors recognize IT infrastructure plays an important role in enabling competitive advantage or optimizing revenue and profit It is a necessary tool to perform day-to-day business but does not differentiate us 4% 7% Strategic IT Connectors Siloed IT Operators Figure 3: Twice as many Strategic IT Connectors view IT infrastructure as a key enabler of strategy compared to Siloed IT Operators. Source: IBM Institute for Business Value, IT Infrastructure Study. Q22. Please select the statement that best describes how your organization views IT infrastructure. Select one. (Strategic IT Connectors n=124, Siloed IT Operators n=148, 2% said they Don t Know ).
7 IBM Global Business Services 5 However, despite all the trends that indicate the IT function and the infrastructure it supports are becoming more important to business success, many of the underlying elements needed for perception to become reality are clearly missing. For instance, only 22 percent of organizations have a welldefined enterprise IT infrastructure strategy and roadmap (see Figure 4). Without a clear direction, IT organizations will likely find it difficult to prioritize investments, allocate resources and even identify areas where IT infrastructure can help differentiate the organization. Coupled with this lack of infrastructure strategy, only 41 percent of organizations are successful at capturing repeatable best practices for application and infrastructure patterns to drive optimal performance and service quality. Without this capability, it is unlikely that IT organizations can replicate what s working within their IT infrastructure or simplify routine management tasks, which makes them more likely to repeat prior mistakes and waste resources. Finally, most senior IT executives in our sample are hampered in their ability to measure outcomes, with only 23 percent reporting success in collecting, analyzing and documenting performance measures. Without a strong measurement approach that links IT infrastructure effectiveness with business requirements, it is increasingly difficult to determine the root cause of problems and prevent issues from escalating. It s also difficult to spot trends, and missed trends can translate into missed opportunities to drive the business. Making the most of limited resources is another area in which IT leaders struggle. When asked about the three most significant challenges in organizing their IT function, 43 percent cited infrastructure resource capability planning, while 40 percent identified workforce planning and scheduling. Clearly, the lack of strategy and performance measures has an impact in this area; without a clear direction and performance feedback, it is difficult to know where and how to allocate scarce capital and labor resources. My organization has a well-defined enterprise IT infrastructure strategy/roadmap My organization is successful at collecting, analyzing and documenting performance measures IT infrastructure strategy and practices 22% 23% Figure 4: Less than a quarter of organizations have a clear enterprise IT infrastructure strategy, and few are successful at performance measures. Source: IBM Institute for Business Value, IT Infrastructure Study. Q8. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statement about your organization s IT infrastructure strategy and practices? (percent indicating agree or highly agree, well-defined infrastructure strategy n=750); Q9. To what extent has your organization been successful with the following activities related to its IT function? (percent indicating successful or highly successful, performance measures n=747).
8 6 Continuing the IT infrastructure conversation Further, many IT departments do not have the flexibility to move resources to where they are needed: Only 39 percent believe they are effective in supporting cross-functional teams of infrastructure experts to identify, source and implement IT infrastructure solutions, and only 35 percent indicate they are effective in sharing IT resources across multiple lines of business. In short, setting strategic direction, learning what works and what doesn t, sharing scarce resources and measuring results are all important management practices that remain elusive for the majority of IT organizations. Under ongoing construction: The business/it relationship Much has been written over the years about the relationship between IT and the business the value of a strategic partnership, the importance of involving end users in the design process and the need to manage delivery expectations are all topics that have graced the pages of business and IT publications. Today, the relationship continues to evolve in a paradoxical manner. As business leaders become less dependent on IT departments to address their critical business application needs, they simultaneously are in greater need of understanding the ramifications of their technology decisions. Evidence of this developing relationship surfaced in our study. In fact, IT executives recognize a host of business support challenges associated with running IT infrastructure (see Figure 5). The first two are clearly related to the pace of change: Almost half in our survey cite keeping up with the increasing pace of business requirements as a significant issue, while 42 percent wrestle with the need to better manage upgrade cycles. Given the lack of strategy and resource challenges previously cited, it is not surprising that IT executives feel that the demand for output places them on a perpetual treadmill where the speed is continually being increased due to business expectations of I need it now. At the same time, business owners and functional leaders are now being offered alternatives to the traditional use of IT platforms. The advent of cloud computing has made it easier for these executives to go outside the traditional data center to obtain needed computer services from external providers. Forty percent of study participants believe that non-it functions will be involved in cloud computing decisions in the next three years. In addition to their recognition of the power of mobile devices and social platforms, IT leaders understand that business users will want to be actively involved in areas that were under the Business support challenges associated with running IT infrastructure Keeping up with the increasing pace of business requirements 48% Managing upgrade cycles 42% Providing the needed storage capabilities 36% Providing the needed bandwidth Maintaining service levels within IT budgets Responding quickly to business needs by rapidly provisioning and de-provisioning infrastructure resources Ability to capture ROI 22% 31% 30% 30% Figure 5: Managing business requirements is the top business support challenge associated with running IT infrastructure.. Source: IBM Institute for Business Value, IT Infrastructure Study. Q16. What are the three most significant business support challenges associated with running your IT infrastructure? Select up to 3. (n=750).
9 IBM Global Business Services 7 traditional purview of the IT function alone (see Figure 6). This includes areas such as end-user devices (43 percent), security (41 percent) and even IT architecture (39 percent). The plethora of choices available in the market can easily overwhelm even the most tech-savvy executive. Many business users fail to understand the full spectrum of issues related to data integration, security and compliance, and disaster recovery that come with use of software-as-a-service and mobile platforms. Despite the need for business and IT executives to work more closely than ever before, it is clear that gaps remain. Only 30 percent of the IT executives in our sample believe they are successful at collaborating with the business to provide IT infrastructure solutions that support their business needs. Only slightly more (34 percent) believe that their organizations look to the IT function to provide expertise in selecting softwareas-a-service and other cloud computing opportunities. While these numbers might not surprise individuals who have worked in this area for years, today s continually evolving IT environment makes it necessary for companies to build stronger bridges across this divide to achieve competitive advantage and effectively drive business strategy. Involvement of non-it function decision makers (in three years) End-user devices Security Cloud computing IT architecture 43% 41% 40% 39% Contracted IT resources 36% Annual maintenance support contracts Application development and/or purchasing Software licensing IT infrastructure purchases Open standards/proprietary standards 33% 33% 32% 29% 27% Figure 6: Many IT executives recognize that non-it functions will play a bigger role in the IT infrastructure decision-making process. Source: IBM Institute for Business Value, IT Infrastructure Study. Q14. To what extent will non-it functions be involved in the decision-making process for the following initiatives in three years? (percent indicating involved or highly involved) (n range= ).
10 8 Continuing the IT infrastructure conversation Collaboration between IT and business drives vertical integration, client success 3 London Stock Exchange Group (LSEG), a diversified international exchange group operating a broad range of international equity, bond and derivatives markets, recognizes the importance of tight collaboration and integration between the business and IT. With over 3,000 companies from 70 countries trading on its markets, LSEG is successful at integrating across verticals (e.g., exchange, post-trade business, data centers) to meet business requirements and performance and reliability demands of its 500 plus member firms. The exchange created the Advance Platforms Engineering team, which reports through the Chief Operating Officer and is responsible for the exchange platform and advance research for clearing and settlement. The team evaluates new technologies to ensure successful integration into operational platforms. In the past, there wasn t one team dedicated to integration across all verticals and advanced platforms. We are now responsible not only for delivery of a product, but also all the integration points with which the product comes into contact. Whereas in the past, separate LSEG companies should have worked even more closely together, today integration is always at the forefront of our thinking, explained Moiz Kohari, VP of Advance Platforms Engineering. While LSEG runs multiple exchanges across the world, it is successful at integrating big data from each of its vertical businesses into all its business processes to enable better visibility and insight. In the past, the use of big data was siloed and only leveraged by certain components or organizations within the individual entity. This focus on infrastructure integration was driven in part by organizational performance measures tied to client experience. We want to remove some of the complexities for the client. This has to be done in a collaborative environment, not just within LSEG, but across other financial services firms. Since we operate in a global environment, cross-team integration and pollination of ideas can be time consuming. We take advantage of multiple collaboration software components within the organization, such as collaboration labs that can be accessed anywhere in the world, said Kohari. The collaboration between the IT and business sides of the organization has been integral to the team s success. LSEG conducts ongoing staff training to ensure that the infrastructure team understands broader business challenges to complement their technical skills. And with continued growth and advancements in new technology, the organization recognizes the importance of maintaining the right balance to provide the performance, reliability and stability that clients demand. Skills at the heart of the IT infrastructure In an environment where technology continues to rapidly change, IT executives stressed the importance of cross-domain knowledge to support their IT infrastructure (see Figure 7). Understanding the interrelationship between server, storage and networking was seen as the most important area necessary to build and maintain a successful infrastructure. However, there was a sharp division between Strategic IT Connector and Siloed IT Operator organizations. Strategic IT Connectors, which have been more active in developing strategies to address changing technological trends, identified themselves as significantly more prepared to address infrastructure requirements than did their Siloed IT Operator peers.
11 IBM Global Business Services 9 Skills and capabilities needed to support IT infrastructure (top eight of ten) Cross-domain knowledge (e.g., server, storage, network) 42% System programming/management Infrastructure security Open source/open standards Application development Business knowledge Database knowledge Analytics 35% 35% 33% 31% 30% 29% 28% Figure 7: IT executives recognize the need for cross-domain knowledge to support their IT infrastructure. Source: IBM Institute for Business Value, IT Infrastructure Study. Q10. What are the three most important skills or capabilities necessary to support your IT infrastructure? Select up to 3. (n=750). While cross-domain knowledge remains important for both groups (ranked number one for Siloed IT Operators and number two for Strategic IT Connectors), Strategic IT Connectors identified business knowledge as the most important skill needed to support their IT infrastructure (see Figure 8). Strategic IT Connectors ranked the need to understand analytics third. In contrast, Siloed IT operators ranked analytics and business knowledge at the bottom of their important skills list. This highlights one of the great differentiators between the two groups: a recognition that a deep understanding of business issues is central to the development of both an overall IT infrastructure strategy and a strong collaborative relationship between IT and the business. After all, collaboration and cross-functional teaming are defining hallmarks of Strategic IT Connectors, enabling these organizations to be trusted advisors to the business. Due to continued advances in technology, an IT organization s ability to match the right skills with new technologies is crucial. Unfortunately, the vast majority of IT executives do not believe they are prepared to address the changing learning requirements associated with today s technology shifts. Only 13 percent indicated they are successful at developing and maintaining the skills and capabilities needed to meet changing IT infrastructure needs. Given rapidly changing technologies, the need to better understand business requirements, and (in many industries) the aging population of individuals who have primary responsibility for IT infrastructure, this inability to stay on top of leading developments represents a real risk for many organizations looking to use their IT infrastructure as a competitive weapon.
12 10 Continuing the IT infrastructure conversation Skills and capabilities needed to support IT infrastructure (top eight of ten) Siloed IT Operators Strategic IT Connectors Cross-domain knowledge (e.g., server, storage, network) 1 1 Business knowledge Database knowledge 2 2 Cross-domain knowledge (e.g., server, storage, network) Application development 3 3 Analytics System programming/management 3 4 System programming/management Open source/open standards 5 4 Infrastructure security Infrastructure security 6 6 Open source/open standards Analytics 7 7 Application development Business knowledge 8 8 Operating system Figure 8: IT executives from Strategic IT Connector organizations place greater importance on business knowledge and analytics skills. Source: IBM Institute for Business Value, IT Infrastructure Study. Q10. What are the 3 most important skills or capabilities necessary to support your IT infrastructure? Select up to 3. (Strategic IT Connectors n=124, Siloed IT Operators n=148). RACV relies on business, technical skills for a seamless client experience 4 The Royal Automobile Club of Victoria (RACV), a motoring club and mutual organization that provides services such as roadside assistance, insurance, loans, tourism services and home security products, recognizes the importance of both having the right technology skills and incorporating business knowledge into IT. Given the organization is involved in multiple lines of business, it is important that RACV respond to members in a way that reflects a single organization. Through the creation of the Strategy and Architecture Group under the CIO, the role of IT is gradually evolving to include the role of advisor to the business. The group assists with framing business and technical requirements, understanding the feasibility of projects, running quality assurance over solutions proposed by vendors, and helping with technical solutions during implementation. RACV is also expanding its repository of enterprise services to increase its agility to operate in a multi-vendor environment. According to Daniel Neal, CIO, Since we outsourced most of our mid-range corporate applications, our IT staff spends time on vendor management and oversight. We have enough technical skill to understand what the vendor is doing on our behalf and provide quality assurance. At the same time, we recognize the value of broader cross-domain knowledge someone who can look across networks and mid-range architecture solutions to provide business solutions.
13 IBM Global Business Services 11 The business of IT infrastructure: Looking inside and outside As the conversation regarding IT infrastructure continues to change, it will produce new demands on the IT organization. The migration from maintaining a technology platform to building a strategic relationship with business executives for some companies will require a change in skills and corporate culture, as well as new tools and processes. For IT organizations looking to make this leap, we identify three potential areas of focus: 1. Reposition the role of IT as both a trusted advisor and valued service provider. To collaborate more effectively with the business, the IT organization needs to consider both its ability to deliver existing services more efficiently, as well as provide new sources of value and insight. One way to start is by asking a basic question, How easy it is it to do business with the IT organization? If users find it difficult to gain basic information about how to obtain, contract, use and monitor IT services, they might be more likely to consider external alternatives for their application hosting and maintenance needs. Developing a clearly articulated services catalogue (including self-service options) can make it easier for business executives to understand their IT infrastructure options, tradeoffs and costs. IT leaders should also be investing in analytic capabilities to improve delivery ability, including anticipating and correcting delivery problems, optimizing workloads and improving help desk responsiveness. Once these capabilities are in place, the IT organization will be in a better position to provide guidance on helping the business make smarter technology decisions (e.g., software selection, technical requirements, use of cloud-based services). 2. Collaborate across the ecosystem. To be successful, IT executives need to collaborate across three main groups. First, given the challenges our study has identified relating to collaboration between IT and business executives, this must be a key priority. Developing a more formal collaboration approach that brings both sides together to discuss ongoing challenges and opportunities could help foster the common context needed to make more effective IT infrastructure decisions. Second, IT executives should foster collaboration among individuals within the IT organization itself. Breaking down traditional silos among compute, networking, storage and various operating platforms is a key step to creating a more efficient and coherent service delivery mechanism to face the business. Third, IT executives need to be comfortable in going beyond organizational boundaries to work with suppliers and vendors of existing and emerging technologies to better understand the landscape. Not only does this include traditional hardware and software providers, but also companies that are offering external cloud-based capabilities. 3. Reexamine IT s human capital supply chain. A host of factors are forcing IT organizations to take a closer look at the talent behind the infrastructure. The potential loss of individuals with significant experience in mainframe technologies, coupled with the need for skills in areas such as mobile development, can place IT departments in a precarious position, especially when department budgets are tight. To address this, organizations should start with an IT human capital strategy that identifies current and future capability gaps and develops buy/build/partner strategies to address areas of concern. By taking an analytic approach to this strategy, organizations can help reduce the guesswork associated with workforce planning and identify potential issues before they become operational problems. As part of this strategy, companies should consider the need to include business knowledge in hiring and development plans of IT professionals and create job roles that work with business leaders to identify the implications for existing and future IT infrastructure. As we saw from our research, business knowledge is a key ingredient for many of the Strategic IT Connectors in our sample.
14 12 Continuing the IT infrastructure conversation Finally, our study points to the value of cross-domain knowledge related to IT infrastructure. Creating rotational opportunities within the IT infrastructure domain (e.g., networking, storage, planning) to expose IT professionals to different technologies can enable them to see the larger picture and improve collaboration across specific disciplines. Key questions to consider For companies contemplating how to more effectively manage the business of IT infrastructure, the following questions can serve as an important guide: What actions can the IT organization take to develop a more collaborative and strategic relationship with the business? To what extent do business leaders have the information needed to make more informed decisions about the impact of IT infrastructure on their application choices? To what extent are analytics used to improve IT organizational effectiveness? To what extent does the IT organization have a human capital strategy in place that matches the anticipated business needs over the next three years? How are IT infrastructure decisions considered during the development of an organization s innovation pipeline? There is plenty of opportunity for a new IT conversation to evolve. However, it will require organizations to consider not only future technologies, but also the current corporate culture and management systems that influence organizational decisions. To learn more about this IBM Institute for Business Value study, please contact us at For a full catalog of our research, visit ibm.com/iibv Access IBM Institute for Business Value executive reports on your tablet by downloading the free IBM IBV app for ipad or Android from your app store. For additional information on IBM Systems and Technology Group, visit: ibm.com/systems Conclusion From our research, one point stands clear: Developing a successful IT infrastructure requires more than leading technology. It requires an IT organization that is efficient in its service delivery, uses analytics to focus on continuous improvement, captures good practices and fosters connections between experts in multiple disciplines. It also requires a collaborative effort between IT and business leaders to prioritize emerging opportunities, address resource constraints and identify alternatives. IT organizations need to look both inward and outward to mesh existing IT infrastructure with external alternatives and enable the business to make effective decisions about current and future technology plans.
15 IBM Global Business Services 13 About the authors Nate Dyer is a manager in Growth Solutions Marketing, IBM Systems & Technology Group. In this role, he helps customers leverage IT infrastructure to optimize and extend their business to capture new market opportunities and increase competitiveness. Previously, Nate held several cross-company roles with the IBM Virtualization and IBM Linux teams in charge of developing and executing strategy. Before joining IBM in 2011, he was a member of the Linux Solution Marketing team at Novell (now SUSE in the Attachmate Group) and was an industry analyst at Yankee Group Research. Nate can be reached at Pamela Hurwitch is a Managing Consultant in the IBM Institute for Business Value and served as the project leader for the 2014 IT infrastructure study. Pamela has over 11 years of banking and financial markets experience, including 5 years as a Managing Consultant in the IBM Strategy & Innovation Financial Services practice. In 2013, she collaborated on the IBM Institute for Business Value study, The upwardly mobile enterprise. Pamela can be reached at ibm.com. Eric Lesser is the Research Director and North American Leader of the IBM Institute for Business Value, where he oversees the fact-based research IBM undertakes to develop its thought leadership. Previously, he led IBM Global Business Services human capital management research and thought leadership development. His research and consulting have focused on a variety of issues, including workforce and talent management, knowledge management, collaboration and social networking, and the changing role of the HR organization. Eric can be contacted at Jacqueline Woods is the Global Vice President for Growth Solutions for the IBM Corporation. In this role, she leads IBM Systems Division s marketing strategies, plans and execution for Industries, Software Defined Systems, Cloud, Analytics, Mobile, Social and Security solutions. Her collective experience and body of work include senior roles in commercial and consumer based Fortune 500 enterprises for the Communications, Financial, Distribution and Industrial sectors. She was featured in Fortune Magazine s 50 Most Powerful Black Executives in America, Ebony s Top 15 Women in Business in America and Black Enterprise s Top 50 Black Female Executives, as well as quoted in articles in the NY Times and Wall Street Journal. She has also been a featured or keynote speaker at Harvard, the Kennedy School of Government, the Organization for Cooperative Economic Development and a myriad of Technical, Customer Experience and Industry conferences annually. Jacqueline can be reached at Contributors Rohit Badlaney, Stephen Ballou, Michael Baskey, Matt Berry, Kristin Biron, Jeffrey Borek, Kathy Cloyd, David Coutts, Pierre Coyne, David Crozier, John Dayka, Frank De Gilio, Timothy Durniak, John Easton, Carol Egan, Scott Firth, Michael Fitzgerald, Timothy Hahn, Kevin Ingwersen, Adam Jollans, Stephen Kinder, Denise Knorr, Bill Lambertson, Mark Lewis, Jeb Linton, Kathleen Martin, Joni McDonald, John Moore, Kenneth Muckenhaupt, Doug Parke, Richard Perret, John Petreshock, Sean Poulley, Rosalind Toy Allen Radcliffe, Bala Ramachandran, Keshav Ranganathan, Steve Roberts, Paul Robinson, Dipankar Sarma, Christine Shortell, Zarina Stanford, Rajesh Sukhramani, Anna Topol, Vandana Vijayasri, and Dave Weber.
16 References 1 Dyer, Nate; Pamela Hurwitch; Eric Lesser; and Jacqueline Woods. The IT infrastructure conversation: New content, new participants, new tone. IBM Institute for Business Value. July ibm.com/systems/infrastructure-report 2 Moving from the back office to the front lines, CIO insights from the Global C-suite Study. IBM Institute for Business Value. November IBM Institute for Business Value, IT Infrastructure Study: London Stock Exchange-IBM discussion about the impact of IT infrastructure on the organization. April IBM Institute for Business Value, IT Infrastructure Study: The Royal Automobile Club of Victoria-IBM discussion about the impact of IT infrastructure on the organization. May Copyright IBM Corporation 2014 IBM Corporation Route 100 Somers, NY Produced in the United States of America October 2014 IBM, the IBM logo and ibm.com are trademarks of International Business Machines Corp., registered in many jurisdictions worldwide. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at Copyright and trademark information at This document is current as of the initial date of publication and may be changed by IBM at any time. Not all offerings are available in every country in which IBM operates. THE INFORMATION IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED AS IS WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANT- ABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND ANY WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF NON-INFRINGEMENT. IBM products are warranted according to the terms and conditions of the agreements under which they are provided. This report is intended for general guidance only. It is not intended to be a substitute for detailed research or the exercise of professional judgment. IBM shall not be responsible for any loss whatsoever sustained by any organization or person who relies on this publication. The data used in this report may be derived from third-party sources and IBM does not independently verify, validate or audit such data. The results from the use of such data are provided on an as is basis and IBM makes no representations or warranties, express or implied. Please Recycle GBE03626-USEN-00
Embracing SaaS: A Blueprint for IT Success 2 Embracing SaaS: A Blueprint for IT Success Introduction THIS EBOOK OUTLINES COMPELLING APPROACHES for CIOs to establish and lead a defined software-as-a-service
IBM Software Cloud service delivery and management Rethink IT. Reinvent business. 2 Cloud service delivery and management Virtually unparalleled change and complexity On this increasingly instrumented,
IBM Academy of Technology Thought Leadership White Paper October 2010 Cloud computing insights from 110 implementation projects IBM Academy of Technology Survey 2 Cloud computing insights from 110 implementation
IBM Software Healthcare Thought Leadership White Paper For healthcare, change is in the air and in the cloud Scalable and secure private cloud solutions can meet the challenges of healthcare transformation
IBM Software Thought Leadership White Paper December 2012 Optimize workloads to achieve success with cloud and big data Intelligent, integrated, cloud-enabled workload automation can improve agility and
IBM Global Technology Services White Paper IBM Business Continuity and Resiliency Services Using the cloud to improve business resilience Choose the right managed services provider to limit reputational
IBM Software Thought Leadership White Paper January 2013 The business value of improved backup and recovery The IBM Butterfly Analysis Engine uses empirical data to support better business results 2 The
IBM Executive Point of View: Transform your business with IBM Cloud Applications Businesses around the world are reinventing themselves to remain competitive in a time when disruption is the new normal.
EXECUTIVE BRIEF Service Operations Management November 2011 Transforming IT Processes and Culture to Assure Service Quality and Improve IT Operational Efficiency agility made possible David Hayward Sr.
IBM SmartCloud for Service Providers Launch new cloud services simply and quickly to increase revenue Highlights Offers a pre-integrated, pre-configured, building-block approach to cloud services delivery
The Next Generation of IT Management Jason Andrew Vice President, Marketing & Communications BMC Has Outperformed the Market Growing Stock Price Over 130 Percent in 5 Years BMC +134% IBM +76% HP +50% NASDAQ
Building the Digital HR Organization Accenture and SuccessFactors on the changing nature of HR More than ever, HR has to contend with changing business demands and an evolving workforce. At the same time,
IBM Software Business Analytics Customer Analytics Achieving customer loyalty with customer analytics 2 Achieving customer loyalty with customer analytics Contents 2 Overview 3 Using satisfaction to drive
IBM Sales and Distribution Chemicals and Petroleum White Paper Tapping the benefits of business analytics and optimization A rich source of intelligence for the chemicals and petroleum industries 2 Tapping
IBM Business Consulting Services CRM done right deeper An IBM Institute for Business Value executive brief ibm.com/bcs The IBM Institute for Business Value develops fact-based strategic insights for senior
IBM Software Integrated Service Management: Visibility. Control. Automation. Enabling service innovation 2 Integrated Service Management: Visibility. Control. Automation. Every day, the world is becoming
Cost-effective supply chains: Optimizing product development through integrated design and sourcing White Paper Robert McCarthy, Jr., associate partner, Supply Chain Strategy Page 2 Page 3 Contents 3 Business
Jabil builds momentum for business analytics Transforming financial analysis with help from IBM and AlignAlytics Overview Business challenge As a global electronics manufacturer and supply chain specialist,
Transforming your content into a trusted, strategic asset Agile enterprise content management and the IBM Information Agenda. Delivering a common information framework for uncommon business agility Highlights
Work Smarter, Not Harder: Leveraging IT Analytics to Simplify Operations and Improve the Customer Experience Data Drives IT Intelligence We live in a world driven by software and applications. And, the
IBM SmartCloud Monitoring Gain greater visibility and optimize virtual and cloud infrastructure Highlights Enhance visibility into cloud infrastructure performance Seamlessly drill down from holistic cloud
Accenture Life Sciences Rethink Reshape Restructure for better patient outcomes The Rising Opportunity for CMO-CIO Collaboration in the Pharmaceutical Industry Demographics Life Sciences Pharma/Biotech:
Cloud Computing on a Smarter Planet Smarter Computing 2 Cloud Computing on a Smarter Planet As our planet gets smarter more instrumented, interconnected and intelligent the underlying infrastructure needs
Three Asset Lifecycle Management Fundamentals for Optimizing Cloud and Hybrid Environments An ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATES (EMA ) White Paper Prepared for BMC April 2011 IT & DATA MANAGEMENT RESEARCH,
IBM PureFlex System The infrastructure system with integrated expertise 2 IBM PureFlex System IT is moving to the strategic center of business Over the last 100 years information technology has moved from
IBM Software IBM Business Process Management Suite Increase business agility with the IBM Business Process Management Suite 2 Increase business agility with the IBM Business Process Management Suite We
Technology Building Your Cloud Strategy with Accenture 2 Cloud computing, in its simplest form, allows companies to procure technology as services, including infrastructure, applications, platforms and
Technology Building Your Cloud Strategy with Accenture 2 Cloud computing, in its simplest form, allows companies to procure technology as services, including infrastructure, applications, platforms and
SOLUTION BRIEF CA Private Cloud Accelerator for Vblock Platforms how quickly can your private cloud support the increasing demand for business services and accelerate time-to-value for your Vblock platforms
Turn Your Business Vision into Reality with Microsoft Dynamics SL You have worked hard to build a vision for your business. With Microsoft Dynamics SL, you can turn that vision into reality with a solution
Gartner Executive Programs Hunting and Harvesting in a Digital World Insights From the 2013 Gartner CIO Agenda Report About the Gartner CIO Agenda Report The annual Gartner CIO Agenda Report is informed
Independently explore, visualize, model and share insights without IT assistance Highlights Explore, analyze, visualize and share your insights independently, without relying on IT for assistance. Work
IBM Northeast Europe Using Cloud to Deliver Innovation and Efficiency Christian Klezl Vice President & Cloud Leader IBM Northeast Europe October 18th 2010 IBM Northeast Europe IBM Northeast Europe Cloud
Improve business agility with Message Broker Enhance flexibility and connectivity while controlling costs and increasing customer satisfaction Highlights Leverage business insight by dynamically enriching
Fiserv Saving USD8 million in five years and helping banks improve business outcomes using IBM technology Overview The need Small and midsize banks and credit unions seek to attract, retain and grow profitable
Accenture Cloud Platform Unlocks Agility and Control 2 Accenture Cloud Platform Unlocks Agility and Control The Accenture Cloud Platform is at the heart of today s leading-edge, enterprise cloud solutions.
White Paper July 2007 IBM Information Management software IBM Enterprise Content Management Product Strategy 2 IBM Innovation Enterprise Content Management (ECM) IBM Investment in ECM IBM ECM Vision Contents
Bunzl Distribution Solving problems for sales and purchasing teams by revealing new insights with analytics Overview The need Bunzl wanted to leverage its data for improved business decisions but gathering
IBM Institute for Knowledge-Based Organizations Challenges in managing organizational knowledge The term knowledge management (KM) conjures up a number of images: a customer service representative accessing
At the Heart of Digital-Ready Business Leading the Digital Change: A CIO Perspective A Mega Trend at the Helm of Innovation and Superior Customer Experience Abstract As growing digitization and evolving
INNOTAS EBOOK The Transformational CIO The Change Agent That Drives Business Strategy Table of Contents Introduction.... 3 Shifting the Focus to Strategic IT Projects.... 4 Adding Value Through IT Operations....
IBM Software Business Analytics Social Analytics Social Business Analytics Gaining business value from social media 2 Social Business Analytics Contents 2 Overview 3 Analytics as a competitive advantage
A Forrester Consulting Thought Leadership Paper Commissioned By Trend Micro Key Strategies To Capture And Measure The Value Of Consumerization Of IT Enterprises Achieve A Wide Range Of Benefits By Deploying
Develop an intelligent disaster recovery solution with cloud technologies IBM experts share their insight on how cloud technologies can help restore IT operations more quickly, reliably and cost-effectively
IBM Software Thought Leadership White Paper September 2010 Build an effective data integration strategy to drive innovation Five questions business leaders must ask 2 Build an effective data integration
Accenture and Salesforce.com Delivering enterprise cloud solutions that help accelerate business value and enable high performance 1 Businesses and governments around the world are increasingly adopting
A HARVARD BUSINESS REVIEW ANALYTIC SERVICES REPORT RETHINKING THE IT/BUSINESS PARTNERSHIP TO DRIVE DIGITAL INNOVATION Copyright 2015 Harvard Business School Publishing. sponsored by RETHINKING THE IT/BUSINESS
IBM Software Thought Leadership White Paper March 2012 Taking control of the virtual image lifecycle process Putting virtual images to work for you 2 Taking control of the virtual image lifecycle process
Introduction to the Open Data Center Alliance SM Legal Notice This Open Data Center AllianceSM Usage: Security Monitoring is proprietary to the Open Data Center Alliance, Inc. NOTICE TO USERS WHO ARE NOT
IBM Global Technology Services Business Continuity and Resiliency Services IBM index reveals key indicators of business continuity exposure and maturity Will a more holistic approach to business continuity
Service management IT service management: resetting priorities for an uncertain economy. Smarter management for a dynamic infrastructure Richard Esposito, vice president, IT strategy and architecture services,
IBM Software Solution Brief IBM InfoSphere: Solutions for retail Build a single view of customer information and a trusted source for product information with data integration and master data management
IBM Global Business Services White Paper The future of application outsourcing: making the move from tactical to strategic Application Services Page 2 Contents 2 Introduction 2 Success brings new challenges
Software for the automotive industry Executive brief Innovate automotive design and improve productivity, sales and services to grow and reach new markets. 2 Innovate automotive design and improve productivity,
IBM Software Industry Solutions Telecom Expense Management Insights into Enterprise Telecom Expense Management Trends and Best Practices Insights into Enterprise Telecom Expense Management Introduction
IBM Software Business Analytics Cognos software The IBM Cognos family Analytics in the hands of everyone who needs it The IBM Cognos family Overview Business intelligence (BI) and business analytics have
IBM Software Business Analytics Sales Performance Management Six Trends in Sales Performance Management Observations for organizations investigating Sales Performance Management Six Trends in Sales Performance
Cloud computing To support your business objectives Breaking through the haze: understanding and leveraging cloud computing. Intelligence explosion demands a new computing model A new, intelligent planet
The Journey to High Performance Transforming Accenture s IT Services Like many of the clients it serves, Accenture's internal information technology (IT) function supports a large, global workforce, with
White Paper March 2009 Government performance management Set goals, drive accountability and improve outcomes 2 Contents 3 Business problems Why performance management? 4 Business drivers 6 The solution
IT Transformation: A Mixed Strategy Supporting IT-as-a-Service IT Evolution to Strategic Operational Models IT transformation is broader than a vision or a strategy or a specific initiative. It is a fundamental
IBM Analytical Decision Management Deliver better outcomes in real time, every time Highlights Organizations of all types can maximize outcomes with IBM Analytical Decision Management, which enables you
IBM Software Enterprise Marketing Management Marketers biggest challenges and opportunities reveal the rise of the empowered customer 2 Contents 2 Leading the customer experience 4 Removing silos and integrating
Position Paper Cross-Domain vs. Traditional IT for Providers Joseph Bondi Copyright-2013 All rights reserved. Ni², Ni² logo, other vendors or their logos are trademarks of Network Infrastructure Inventory
Kyriacos Kokkinos IBM Executive Director Analytics Consulting Contents CMO demographics The CMO s changing world The CMO s relationship with the C-suite Profiling the CMO What it takes for success in a
White Paper Intel Information Technology Computer Manufacturing Strategic Planning Aligning IT with Business Goals through Strategic Planning Intel IT has developed and implemented a new approach to strategic
Stella-Jones takes pole position with IBM Faster, more accurate reports, budgets and forecasts support a rapidly growing business Overview The need Following several key strategic acquisitions, Stella-Jones
33 Yonge St., Suite 420, Toronto, Ontario Canada, M5E 1G4 W H I T E P A P E R I D C a n d T E L U S E n t e r p r i s e C l o u d S t u d y, 2 0 1 3 : C a p i t a l i z i n g on C l o u d ' s W i n d o
IBM Institute for Knowledge-Based Organizations Trust and knowledge sharing: A critical combination Recently, the IBM Institute for Knowledge-Based Organizations (IKO) studied the role of trust in knowledge
IT service management solutions Executive brief Making ITIL actionable in an IT service management environment. 2 Making ITIL actionable in an IT service management environment. Contents 2 Executive summary
www.pwc.se Unleashing your growth potential Product Innovation and Development Delivering growth and profitability through innovative products and services Knowledge Innovation Unleashing potential PwC
Cloud storage is strategically inevitable IBM can help in preparing for a successful cloud storage deployment Highlights Use cloud technology to enable speed and innovation by empowering users and communities
Photo copyright 2012 Michael Krigsman. Business Transformation with Cloud ERP Prepared by Michael Krigsman February 2012 NetSuite sponsored this independent white paper; Asuret does not endorse any vendor
CFO Insights How CFOs Can Own Analytics Much has been made about the unprecedented quantities of data companies collect these days, from their own operations, supply chains, production processes, and customer
Operations Excellence in Professional Services Firms Published by KENNEDY KENNEDY Consulting Research Consulting Research & Advisory & Advisory Sponsored by Table of Contents Introduction... 3 Market Challenges
Easily deploy and move enterprise applications in the cloud IBM PureApplication solutions offer a simple way to implement a dynamic hybrid cloud environment 2 Easily deploy and move enterprise applications
Advisory services Technology The heart of your business* Advance your ability to win, keep and deepen relationships with your customers Customer Effectiveness *connectedthinking Are your customers satisfied?
IBM Algo Asset Liability Management Industry-leading asset and liability management solution for the enterprise Highlights The fast-paced world of global markets presents asset and liability professionals
IBM Center for Applied Insights Exploring the frontiers of cloud computing Insights from Platform-as-a-Service pioneers In the midst of the buzz around cloud computing, there is steady optimism building
SOLUTION BRIEF CA Capacity Management and Reporting Suite for Vblock Platforms can you effectively plan for the migration and management of systems and applications on Vblock Platforms? agility made possible
Reshaping the enterprise for the future of work. Are you ready? Reshaping the enterprise for Why Pomeroy? the future of work. Pomeroy is a leading independent provider of comprehensive IT infrastructure
IBM Learning Solutions Executive Brief Learning strategy an investment in the future. September 2005 Page 2 Contents 2 Introduction 3 Do you need a learning strategy? 4 Current learning strategy insights
Technology Partner Program Partnering For Success Technology partnerships are critical to the ability of to deliver world-class solutions to customers. understands the challenges customers face in aligning
Accenture Human Capital Management Solutions Transforming people and process to achieve high performance The sophistication of our products and services requires the expertise of a special and talented