Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol

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1 Objectives Identify five serious physical effects of longterm alcohol abuse. Describe the three stages of alcoholism. List in order three steps taken during recovery from alcoholism. Slide 1 of 25

2 Myth Alcoholics sleep on park benches and wear shabby clothes. Fact Alcoholics come from all cultures, backgrounds, and levels of education. In what ways does the media contribute to this myth about alcoholics? How else does the media shape people s perception of alcoholics? Slide 2 of 25

3 Damage to the Body Long-term alcohol abuse may harm the liver digestive system Drinking any amount of alcohol during pregnancy may permanently harm the developing baby. Slide 3 of 25

4 Brain Damage Long-term alcohol abuse destroys cells in the brain. Destroyed nerve cells usually cannot grow again. The loss of many nerve cells causes permanent changes that impair the ability to concentrate the ability to make sound Slide 4 of 25

5 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Fetal alcohol syndrome is a group of caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child. Babies born with this syndrome may suffer from heart defects malformed faces poor motor development mental retardation brain and problems Even amounts of alcohol consumed during pregnancy can cause brain damage. Slide 5 of 25

6 Liver Damage Alcohol interferes with the liver s ability to, or break down, fats. Fat-filled liver cells die, leaving behind useless tissue. This disease, called may lead to liver failure and death. Slide 6 of 25

7 Heart Disease Excessive drinking contributes to heart disease. Over time, alcohol causes blood pressure increased heart rate heartbeat buildup of fatty deposits in the heart muscle Slide 7 of 25

8 Digestive Problems Ongoing drinking irritates the tissues that line the digestive system. Repeated irritation increases the risk of of the mouth, tongue, esophagus, and stomach recurring diarrhea chronic indigestion, heartburn, or ulcers Slide 8 of 25

9 Alcoholism People who can no longer control their use of alcohol suffer from the disease known as alcoholism. Physically, an alcoholic s body requires alcohol to. Psychologically, alcoholics consider drinking a regular, essential part of with daily life. Slide 9 of 25

10 Changes to the Brain causes a drinker s body to need increasingly larger amounts of alcohol to achieve the original effect. The body will eventually develop the brain develops a chemical need for alcohol and cannot function normally without it. Finally, results the drinker no longer has control over his or her drinking. Slide 10 of 25

11 Who Is at Risk? Anyone who drinks even one drink is at risk of becoming an alcoholic. Alcoholism is four to five times more common among the of alcoholics than in the general population. drinking also increases a person s risk of becoming an alcoholic. Slide 11 of 25

12 Slide 12 of 25

13 The Stages of Alcoholism What begins as problem drinking becomes absolute dependence, and finally, late-stage alcoholism. Stage 1: Drinking If social drinkers start to use alcohol to try to relieve stress or escape from problems, their drinking habit may quickly become a problem. Stage 2: Dependence The drinker cannot stop after one drink, and feels a constant need to drink. Stage 3: Stage of Alcoholism Alcoholics rapidly lose their mental, emotional, and physical health. Late-stage alcoholics also experience reverse tolerance for alcohol, a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication. Slide 13 of 25

14 Slide 14 of 25

15 Effects on Others Alcohol-related crimes, medical expenses, injuries, lost productivity on the job, and treatment programs cost the United States between 100 and 200 billion dollars annually. Alcohol is involved in approximately deaths per year. Spouses and children of alcoholics live in homes filled with stress arising from uncertainty and embarrassment. In some cases, alcoholics or physically abuse family members. Slide 15 of 25

16 Slide 16 of 25

17 Treating Alcoholism Alcoholics can lead productive, happy lives if they stop drinking completely. There are three stages in an alcoholic s recovery the problem detoxification Slide 17 of 25

18 Acknowledging the Problem Alcoholics must acknowledge their problem and ask for help. The shock of losing a job, being arrested, or being separated from their families motivates some alcoholics to enter a program. Slide 18 of 25

19 Detoxification Detoxification involves removing all alcohol from a person s body. is a group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug. Withdrawal symptoms include shakiness sleep problems rapid heartbeat Slide 19 of 25

20 Rehabilitation Rehabilitation is the process of learning to cope with everyday living alcohol. During rehabilitation, alcoholics receive counseling and may take medications. Slide 20 of 25

21 Support Groups In Alcoholics Anonymous ( ), recovering alcoholics offer encouragement and support to help other alcoholics stop drinking. helps adult friends and family members learn how they can help in the alcoholic s recovery process. provides help for teenagers living with alcoholics. Slide 21 of 25

22 Vocabulary fetal alcohol syndrome cirrhosis alcoholism tolerance dependence A group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child. A disease of the liver in which it becomes filled with useless scar tissue; cirrhosis may lead to liver failure. A disease marked by a person being unable to control their use of alcohol. The condition that results when repeated use of a drug causes it to have less of an effect on the brain. The condition that results when the brain develops a chemical need for a drug and cannot function normally without it. Slide 22 of 25

23 Vocabulary addiction reverse tolerance detoxification withdrawal rehabilitation The state of losing control over the use of a drug; it is accompanied by a strong craving for the drug. A condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication. The process of removing all alcohol or other drugs from a person s body. A group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug. The process of learning to cope with everyday living without drugs. Slide 23 of 25

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