Canary Islands 100% RES Experiences: El Hierro, La Graciosa,

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1 Brussels, 20 March 2014 Canary Islands 100% RES Experiences: El Hierro, La Graciosa, Canary Islands Institute of Technology (ITC) Gonzalo Piernavieja R&D Director

2 European Outermost Regions (ORs) VISION ORs are NATURAL LABORATORIES for developing, testing and demonstrating new technologies which will be implemented in continental regions (Europe and ROW), in insular regions worldwide, as well as in developing countries ORs are the IDEAL PLATFORMS to showcase and transfer adapted technologies to regions of developing and emerging countries worldwide (and particularly of European neighbour regions)

3 The Canary Islands: Ideal Test Bench ORs: Natural Laboratories Every island configurates one or several real laboratories for testing and demonstrating new technologies, especially emerging ones. Europe needs test platforms for renewable energies, sustainable water technologies, marine technologies, etc. ORs can host outstanding experimental platforms in different areas and become perfect sites for R&D&D activities worldwide

4 SUSTAINABILITY ORs: Natural Laboratories The Canary Islands are fully committed to the development and implementation of innovative energy, water and environmental protection technologies and policies, providing sound proof of concepts for the whole Europe and RoW

5 Strategic Areas (III) ORs: STRATEGIC ELEMENTS FOR R&D AND TECHNOLOGY COOPERATION WITH DEVELOPING COUNTRIES SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION The Canary Islands have been carrying out succesful international cooperation projects (especially with West Africa and South America) for many years, developing and transferring adapted technology, for example in the energy, water, agriculture, fishing and public health sectors RENEWABLE ENERGIES AND WATER TECHNOLOGIES The Canary Islands Government is deploying technology parks specialized in adapting technologies for the developing world.

6 The Canary Islands (Spain) Energy Framework 2 mill. inhabitants, 12 mill. tourists/year Total energy dependence on external resources Electricity generation from fossil fuels (oil); low heat demand Isolated (insular) electrical systems Importance of water-energy binomial (desalination)

7 The Canary Islands Energy Framework > 2.5 GW installed power, approx GWh total el. consumption 15% of electricity consumed in water cycle Abundant Renewable Energy Resources: wind: ~ 4000 h.eq./y; sun: ~ 2000 kwh/m 2 /y Structure of internal fossil fuels market Electricity generation 55,6% Road Transport 29,9% Combined waterelectricity production 2,4% Other (Industrial, Residential...) 12,1% Seawater desalination plants

8 Surplus of Energy Supply: Potential on RES development RES in Canary Islands are already cheaper than conventional sources for electricity. 21,500 13,550 7,170 Coste de la Energía Eléctrica en Canarias (c /kwh) 14,033 13,550 18,510 13,550 7,170 13,992 13,550 7,170 7,170 c 24,210 13,550 7,170 23,500 13,550 7,170 Fuente: IUDR FEDEA, extraído del Análisis de los sobrecostes de la Energía del Sistema Energético de Canarias de RICAM. Elaboración propia. INRES

9 MAXIMIZING PENETRATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGIES (RES) Barriers to RES penetration in the Canary Islands Electrical System Land Planning Economic-Administrative issues Strategy for maximizing RES penetration in the Canary Islands Grid stability studies Energy storage Forecasting of wind and solar resources

10 Obstacles for the Sustainable Energy Development in Islands Weak, isolated grids Fragile ecosystems (rich biodiversity, etc.) Lack of space for energy infrastructure placement Difficulties for the massive deployment of Renewable Energies.

11 Technical Solutions (I) HV/MV: Pumped Hydro (where possible) Upper Reservoir Hydro Power Station Lower Reservoir Wind Farm Control Pumping Station Desalination Plant

12 Technical Solutions (II) HV/MV: Subsea electrical interconnections LANZAROTE La G rac iosa Haria T eg uise Refuerzo del enlace submarino entre Lanzarote y Fuerteventura Yaiza T inajo Macher T ias Pla ya Blanca San Bartolomé San Bartolomé Arre cife Punta Grande 66 kv Cable Submarino Corralejo Enlace submarino Gran Canaria y Fuerteventura : FUERTEVENTURA L a Oliv a Puerto del Rosario Las Salinas Be tan curia Ant igu a Pajara Tu ine je Gran Tarajal Matas Blancas

13 Technical Solutions (III) MV/LV: Distributed Generation, esp.: Mini- & Microgrids with high renewable energy penetration, incl. energy storage, management of critical loads (e.g. seawater desalination) and electrical mobility

14 ITC is a technology center specialized in: Energy Saving/Efficiency, Renewable Energies Water Technologies Other emerging technological sectors International Cooperation (energy and water supply to peri-urban and remote areas)

15 The ITC Activity lines Contribution to maximization of RES penetration: Characterization of RE resources (mapping and prediction) Test platforms for RES systems and components (solar labs, distributed generation lab, etc.) Development of RES systems (with energy storage): hybrid systems, mini- microgrids, insular 100% RES models, etc., electricity & water supply to remote African villages Grid stability studies Energy storage: wind-pumped hydro, RE-HYDROGEN, etc.

16 Pozo Izquierdo Facilities (Gran Canaria)

17 Distributed Generation and Microgrids Test facilities. Overview PV: 27 kwp Wind turbines: 7,5 kw Resistive and reactive loads Storage (300 kwh) Electrolyzer 70 kw Fuel Cells 6 x 5 kw Grid simulator 125 kva Measurement equipment

18 Distributed Generation and Microgrids Test facilities. Equipment Small windturbines: 34,9 kwp Main switch board (for test configuration) PV plants: 27 kwp

19 Distributed Generation and Microgrids Test facilities. Equipment Hydrogen system: 6 Fuel Cells (PEM). 5 kw each. 6 SMA SI inverters 1 Electrolyzer: 60 kw H2 Storage: 500 Nm3 (25 bar) Desalination Plant: 25 kw Wind Turbine Vestas : 225 kva Load simulators: Load Bank 1 :150 kw (continuos by PE)+ 100 kvar (1 kvar step) Load Bank 2: 40 kw (1 kw step) + 30 kvar (0.75 kvar step)

20 Power Electronics Lab for DG and Microgrids Power Electronics laboratory overview SuperCapacitors Storage System for Diesel Dominated microgrids stabilitation and high PV penetration

21 Solar Energy forecasting SOLAR GENERATION PREDICTION NWP (Numerical Weather Prediction): M5/WRF models with statistics post-processing

22 CANARY ISLANDS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY (ITC) We have accumulated 15 years of experience in the development of solutions for the ENERGY and WATER supply to periurban/rural/remote areas We have carried out consulting and electrification/water desalination projects using RENEWABLE ENERGIES, as well as training and awareness activities in: Mauritania (since 1996) Morocco (since 1998) Tunisia Cape Verde Senegal ECOWAS

23 Technology transfer examples (I) ITC Experience Electrification of isolated communities with wind/solar energy Development and installation of small autonomous desalination plants, powered by renewable energies

24 Technology transfer examples (II) ITC Experience 4 seawater desalination plants, National Park Banc d Arguin, Mauritania 4 brackish water desalination plants, powered by solar energy, Morocco Brackish water desalination plant powered by solar energy, Tunisia

25 Cabo Verde and ECOWAS (ECREEE) ITC currently advices the Government of Cape Verde in its Renewable Energy Policy ITC is technological consultant of ECREEE (ECOWAS)

26 The ISLE-PACT Project (I) GOALS: Achieve an overall objective of more than 20% CO2 emissions reduction by 2020 Demonstrate islands political commitment to EU sustainable energy objectives by signing a BINDING DECLARATION, THE PACT OF ISLANDS Develop Island Sustainable Energy Action Plans (ISEAPs) as the means by which they will achieve the overall target of the project Develop methodologies and tools to monitor progress of implementation of ISEAPs as well as track progress in reducing CO2 emissions Assess environmental and socio-economic factors Produce a pipeline of priority bankable projects Propose a number of financing tools and mechanisms that will provide the financial resources needed by investors Launch a strong information dissemination campaign Participating Regions (12): Azores, Madeira Islas Canarias, Baleares Creta Malta Chipre Cerdeña Gotland+ B7 Islands Samso Outer Hebrides of Scotland

27 The ISLE-PACT Project (II) Projects for maximizing penetration of RES RES Systems Technologies Land availability Resources (wind-sun-etc) Sustainable Transport Energy Storage Energy Efficiency Distributed Generation Excess RES production Mobility (H2 EPV) Grid stability Rational use of energy Restriction in transport infrastructures Reduction in losses

28 Take a week to change tomorrow IDENTIFYING POTENTIAL BANKABLE PROJECTS Projects that will contribute to increase RES penetration in European Islands in all the energy value chain Wind, solar, Wave, Geothermal, Generation Biomass, hybrid (wind-diesel) Energy Storage Distribution Energy Efficiency Reversible pump-hydro Batteries Hydrogen Microgrids, district heating and cooling, etc. Final consumption Primary sectors Industry Services Residential Manageable loads: e.g. electric vehicles, Water desalination EUROPEAN COMMISSION

29 The ISLE-PACT Project (III) Criteria for prioritizing projects Compatibility with current framework and existing schemes for promoting RES Contribution to global strategy for maximizing RES penetration in the island Impact on the reduction in energy demand Performance on standard financial parameters (PAYBACK, IRR, NPV) Maximization of Green House Emissions reduction to necessary investment cost Capacity for local employment creation of the investment project Innovative aspect of the project Maximization of energy production per unit of occupied land A list of aprox. 25 bankable projects will be compiled for the 12 participating European island regions

30 SMILEGOV Enhancing effective implementation of sustainable energy action plans in European islands through reinforcement of smart multilevel governance 2 nd Consortium meeting Visby, Gotland, Sweden 24 th and 25 th September 2013 AAAA

31 La Graciosa 100% RES On-going La Graciosa: 650 inhabitants 0.7 MW peak 2 GWh/y demand Smart Microgrid with high RES penetration, energy storage (incl. desalination) and electric vehicles fleet

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33 SMART METERS (already installed) + electric vehicles (planning phase)

34 Multimegawatt Wind Test Platform at Arinaga Port (Gran Canaria)

35 First spanish off-shore wind turbine (GAMESA) 24/9/2013, Visby 2 nd Consortium meeting

36 El Hierro: 100% RES Island Construction finished; Commissioning in km inhabitants 7 MW peak 40 GWh/y demand (Diesel)

37 100% renewable energy supply Design and construction of a Wind- Hydro Power Station Installation of solar collectors & PV systems Evaluation of biomass exploitation possibilities Transport. Sustainable Mobility Environmental Education

38 Wind-Hydro Power Station

39 El Hierro: 100% RES Island Construction finished Wind Pumped Hydro Power Station

40 Wind Pumped Hydro Power Station Wind Farm Hydroelectric Substation Pumping Station 11,5 MW 11,3 MW 6 MW Upper Reservoir m 3 Lower Reservoir m 3

41 Upper Reservoir

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49 Conductions

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53 Lower Reservoir

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58 Hydro-Station

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62 Pumping-Station

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69 Wind Farm

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76 Thank you!

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