AVIAN INFLUENZA MONITORING IN TURKEY NATIONAL WATER BIRDS CENSUS AND APPLICATION OF GIS

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "AVIAN INFLUENZA MONITORING IN TURKEY NATIONAL WATER BIRDS CENSUS AND APPLICATION OF GIS"

Transcription

1 AVIAN INFLUENZA MONITORING IN TURKEY NATIONAL WATER BIRDS CENSUS AND APPLICATION OF GIS 1. ABSTRACT: Ortaç ONMUŞ 1 Notifiable Avian Influenza-HPAI (AI) has become a disease of great importance both for animal and human health in the world. Because of abnormal and recurrent field mortality, wild migratory birds were considered to be one of the main dispersing agents of the virus at an intercontinental scale. The increased importance of AI in the fields of animal and human health has highlighted the lack of scientific information on several aspects of the disease such as infection from and or to both backyard and industrial poultry population, and lack of information on migration patterns of migratory birds - especially waterbirds. Therefore one way to monitor the spread of AI is to monitor migratory wild birds, especially waterbirds. The objectives of this study were to present results of the surveillance of waterbirds that can possibly carry avian influenza (HPAI) in Turkey, and to identify potential risk factors and areas. In 2006 and 2007, national waterbird census was applied in Turkey. The census results were collected and managed by database management system and distribution maps were created by GIS software using specific satellite images. The results were compared with the results of confirmed cases of HPAI H5N1 in Turkey by province between 2005 and In 2006, 98 different waterbird species and 1,410,895 waterbirds were identified in 79 different wetlands and in 2007, 101 different waterbird species and 1,953,284 waterbirds were identified in 94 different wetlands. Therefore this research is the first quantitative study for Avian Influenza monitoring in wild migratory birds in Turkey. The findings indicate that national waterbird census is an effective tool in passive surveillance of Avian Influenza (HPAI) in Turkey. Keywords: Avian Influenza, Waterbird Monitoring, Wetlands, Turkey 2. INTRODUCTION Notifiable Avian Influenza-HPAI H5N1 (AI) has become a disease of great importance both for animal and human health in the world. Because of abnormal and recurrent field mortality, wild migratory birds are considered to be one of the main dispersing agents of the virus at an intercontinental scale (Feare 2006, Ivanov, 2008). However, there are many causes possible for the dissemination of avian influenza and the interaction between humans and wild and pet birds and their products increases the possibility of dissemination of the disease. The interactions included are bird trade - domestic and international trade in wild and cage birds; trade of bird products the trade of bird meat and meat products, eggs and egg products; merit release- the religious practice of merit release in parts of South and Southeast Asia results in captive birds rejoining wild populations and may enable transmission of avian diseases; cock fighting the practice of cock fighting in parts of South and Southeast Asia and transport of these birds to different locations; and movements of waterbirds (Feare 2006, Wetland International, 2008). The increased importance of AI in the fields of animal and human health has highlighted the lack of scientific information on several aspects of the disease such as infection from and or to both backyard and industrial poultry population, and lack of information on migration patterns of migratory birds - especially waterbirds. The detailed picture of migration within the region is complex. The International Waterbird Census (IWC) has been taking place in January in the Western Palaearctic and Southwest Asia every year since The Census is coordinated internationally by Wetlands International and applied with the participation of Birdlife International partners in different countries. The data is collected each year by more than 11,000 observers in 100 countries (Delany 1999, Wetland International, 2006). National census coordination in Turkey is made by Doga Derneği (Birdlife partner of Turkey) and is applied by the participation of birdwatchers in Turkey (Onmuş, 2007). The 1 Ege University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Izmir, Turkey,

2 aims of the waterbird census are to provide complete information on waterbird populations, their distributions, and variety of activities on wetlands and effects of these activites on wetlands. With the data obtained through censuses, waterbird population estimates, trend analyses of many birds, identification of Important Bird Areas (IBA s) could be made possible (Kılıç, 2004, Onmuş, 2007). The objectives of this study are to present results of the surveillance of waterbirds - through National Waterbirds Census in 2006 and that can possibly carry avian influenza (HPAI), and to identify potential risk factors on the dissemination of Avian Influenza in Turkey. Therefore this research is the first quantitative study for Avian Influenza monitoring in waterbirds in Turkey. 3. METHODS AND ANALYSES 3.1. MID WINTER WATERBIRD CENSUS (MWWBC) Census teams consisted of several people with adequate knowledge in identification of birds and terrain, equipped with binoculars and telescopes. With the assistance of a GPS (Global Positioning System), the teams have recorded the results and afterwards the data was put into a computer database. Counts are generally conducted at the same points used during previous mid-winter counts, in a way that the whole wetland is covered under normal circumstances. Birds are counted one by one if the density of groups permits. Otherwise, and very often, they are counted in groups of 5, 10, 50 or 100 individuals. Under conditions such as limited time, rapid movement of large flocks or poor visibility, rough estimates have been made indicating the minimum size of a group (Bibby 2000, Caglayan 2005, Suseven 2006, Onmuş, 2007). The census results were collected and managed by database management system and distribution maps were created by GIS software using specific satellite images AVIAN INFLUENZA RISK ANALYSES An avian influenza risk analysis is only made for the species that can possibly carry and disseminate AI in their wild populations (National Wildlife Health Center, 2007). The list of these species is given in Table 1. Table 1: Referenced reports of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in wildlife waterbirds Scientific Name Common Eng. Name Scientific Name Common Eng. Name 1 Anas platyrhynchos Mallard 15 Gallinula chloropus Moorhen 2 Anas penelope Wigeon 16 Larus ichthyaetus Great Black Heades Gull 3 Anas strepera Garganey 17 Larus ridibundus Black Headed Gull 4 Anser albifrons White-fronted Goose 18 Mergus albellus Smew 5 Anser anser Greylag Goose 19 Mergus merganser Goosander 6 Ardea cinerea Grey Heron 20 Nycticorax nycticorax Night Heron 7 Aythya ferina Pochard 21 Pelicanus sp. Pelican sp. 8 Aythya fuligula Tufted Duck 22 Phalacrocorax carbo Cormorant 9 Branta ruficollis Red-breasted Goose 23 Podiceps cristatus Great Crested Grebe 10 Ciconia ciconia White Stork 24 Podicepts nigricollis Black Necked Grebe 11 Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan 25 Porphyrio porphyrio Purple Gallinule 12 Cygnus olor Mute Swan 26 Tachybaptus ruficollis Little Grebe 13 Egretta garzetta Little Egret 27 Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck 14 Fulica atra Coot 28 Tringa ochropus Green Sandpiper Thematic maps showing the total number of waterbird species and their population distributions were prepared. The results were compared with the results of confirmed cases of HPAI H5N1 in Turkey by province between 2005 and This data was obtained by Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Turkish Republic (Aşkaroğlu, 2007). 4. RESULTS AND CONLUSIONS In 2006 and 2007, national waterbird census was applied in Turkey. In 2006, 98 different waterbird species and 1,410,895 waterbirds were identified in 79 different wetlands and in 2007, 101 different waterbird species and 1,953,284 waterbirds were identified in 94 different wetlands. Figure 1 shows

3 the distribution of census applied wetlands and sites 2007 and the Table 2 lists the corresponding names of these sites. Figure 1: Distribution of waterbird census applied sites in Tablo 2: The names of the waterbird census applied sites and their corresponding information Name of the Site Number Name of the Site Number Name of the Site Number Acıgöl 1 Demirköprü Dam 32 Kovada Lake 63 Ağyatan Lake 2 Denizli Sarayköy 33 Kozanlı LAke 64 Akyatan Lake 3 Devegeçidi Dam 34 Köyceğiz Sülüngür Lagoon 65 Artvin Shores 4 Eğirdir Lake 35 Köyceğiz Lake 66 Atatürk Dam Adıyaman Region 5 Foça Islands 36 Kralkızı Dam 67 Atatürk Dam Şanlıurfa Region 6 Gediz Delta 37 Küçük Çekmece Lake 68 Ayvalık Salina 7 Göksu Dam 38 Küçük Menderes Delta 69 Azap Lake 8 Göksu Delta 39 Manyas Lake 70 Azaplı Lake 9 Gölbaşı Lake 40 Meriç Delta 71 Bafa Lake 10 Gölhisar (Yamadı) Lake 41 Milas Salina 72 Bakırçay Delta 11 Marmara Lake 42 Mogan Lake 73 Balıkdamı 12 Güllük Delta 43 Rize Shores 74 Başpınar Reservoir 13 Hazar Lake 44 Sakarya Delta 75 Batman Dam 14 Hirfanlı Dam 45 Salda Lake 76 Belevi Marshes 15 İğneada 46 Sapanca Lake 77 Beyşehir Lake 16 İnekli Lake 47 Sarıkum Lake 78 Birecik Dam 17 İpsala İbriktepe Dam 48 Sarıyar Dam 79 Bismil Marshes 18 Işıklı Lake 49 Silivri 80 Bosphorus 19 İzmir Körfezi 50 Sinop Shores 81 Burdur Lake 20 İznik Lake 51 Sürgü Dam 82 Büyük Çekmece Lake 21 Kabaklı Reservoir 52 Tahtalı Dam 83 Büyük Menderes Delta 22 Karakaya Dam 53 Terkos Lake 84 Çakalburnu Lagoon 23 Karataş Lake 54 Tersakan Lake 85 Çaltıdere 24 Karkamış Dam 55 Trabzon Shores 86 Çamgazi Dam 25 Kartalkaya Dam 56 Tuzla Lagoon 87 Çatalca Duru Lake 26 Keban Dam 57 Uluabat Lake 88 Çeltik Ak Lake 27 Kırkgözhan Marshes 58 Yarışlı Lake 89 Çeşme Alaçatı 28 Kırmıtlı Bird Paradise 59 Yedikır Dam 90 Çeşme Kutlu Aktaş Reservoir 29 Kızılırmak Delta 60 Yeşilırmak Delta 91 Dalaman Ovası and Koca Lake 30 Kocaçay Delta 61 Yumurtalık Lagoon 92 Datça Bozburun a,gökova Plain 31 Kocaeli, Kandıra Kefken 62 The total number of waterbirds that can possibly carry HPAI - H5N1 in their wild populations in 2006 and 2007 waterbird censuses are shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3. Similar information is also provided for waterbird population distributions in these years (see Figure 4 and Figure 5). According to these findings shown in the figures, Black Sea Region, (Samsun Province and Rize, and Trabzon Provinces), the Lakes Region (Burdur, Isparta, and Konya Provinces), the Marmara Region (Balıkesir, Edirne Istanbul and Sakarya Provinces), Aegean Region (Izmir, Manisa, Aydın and Muğla Regions), Central Anatolia region (Ankara and Eskişehir provinces) and the Regions of Dams (Malatya, Elazığ Şanlıurfa and Adıyaman) are implying relatively high possibility disease risks. According to the Ministry (Aşkaroğlu, 2007) the first outbreak occurred in Balıkesir October 2005 and the last outbreaks occurred in February 2006 in wild birds, and in March 2006 in domestic poultry. The disease has been observed in 54 of the 81 provinces of Turkey. The distribution and the number of confirmed cases are presented in Figure 6.

4 Figure 2: The number of waterbirds that can possibly carry HPAI-H5N1 in wild populations (2006) Figure 3: The number of waterbirds that can possibly carry HPAI-H5N1 in wild populations (2007) Figure 4: Total number of waterbird populations that possibly carry HPAI-H5N1 in wild populations (2006) Figure 5: Total number of waterbird populations that possibly carry HPAI-H5N1 in wild populations (2007)

5 Figure 6: The distribution of the confirmed HPAI cases in Turkey between October 2005 and March 2006 (Aşkaroğlu, 2007) A comparison between the confirmed HPAI cases in Turkey and the distribution of waterbird species that possibly carry and disseminate HPAI in their wild populations implies that there may be a relation between them especially in some of the regions as Black Sea Region (Samsun Province and Rize, and Trabzon Provinces) and the region of dams (Malatya, Elazığ Şanlıurfa and Adıyaman). However, to be able to understand this relation, this study only points out where to start because the information provided here only shows the high risk of areas according to waterbird census results. For further investigation and risk management -before starting to accuse wildbirds- the following activities are suggested to be applied: investigation of mortality in wild and domestic birds for detection of the range of the outbreaks; minimising disturbances of wild birds, such as hunting, as it will make the birds fly to other areas; prevention of any contact between wild and domestic birds (for instance by regulations regarding free range poultry); and controlling all transport of poultry and poultry products in regions around outbreaks. Monitoring of waterbirds across the country is being undertaken annually during January, coordinated nationally by Doğa Derneği. This monitoring study provides the primary basis for understanding the distribution of waterbirds at one time of the year. To enhance our understanding between HPAI outbreaks and waterbird distribution, the number of sites counted each year should be increased and extended and as much possible. 5. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The data presented here related with the National Waterbird Censuses are kindly provided by Doga Derneği - the Birdlife Partner of Turkey and collected during the application AI influenza Monitoring projects in Turkey. These projects have been kindly supported by the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds - RSPB, BirdLife International, Turkish Ministry of Environment and Forestry, General Directorate of Nature Conservation and National Parks, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund CEPF. Therefore their contribution for these projects is acknowledged. Finally I also would like to acknowledge all the birdwatchers in Turkey who have participated in national waterbird census and contributed for the collection of these data. 6. REFERENCES Aşkaroğlu H. H., 2007 Presentations of the General Evaluation of AI outbreaks in Turkey, International Avian Influenza Congress, September 2-5 th Antalya Turkey. Retrived on March 12 from

6 Bibby, J. Colin., Burgess, D. Neil., Hill, A. David., Mustoe, Simon., 2000, Bird Census Techniques, Second Edition, Academic Press, ISBN , London, United Kingdom. Çağlayan, E., Kılıç, D. T., Per E.,Gem, E., 2005 Türkiye Kış Ortası Sukuşu sayımları 2005, Doğa Derneği, Ankara, Türkiye Delany, S., Reyes, C. Hubert, E. Pihl, S., Rees, E., Haanstra, L., and van Strien, A Results from the International Waterbird Census in the Western Palearctic and Southwest Asia 1995 and Wetlands International Publication No. 54, Wageningen, The Netherlands Feare C.J., Report on Fish farming and the risk of spread of, avian influenza Birdlife 2006, Retrived on December 19 from Ivanov Y., Bayraktar, R., Van den Ende, M., Kuş Gribi Survey El Kitabı (AI Surveillance Handbook), Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affaires 2008, Ankara Turkey Kılıç, D. T., Eken, G., 2004, Türkiye nin Önemli Kuş Alanları 2004 Güncellemesi, Doğa Derneği, Ankara, Türkiye. National Wildlife Health Center (NWHC) 2007, List of Species Affected by H5N1 (Avian Influenza), Referenced reports of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in wildlife and domestic animals Retrieved December 2, 2007 from Onmuş, O. 2007, Türkiye Kış Ortası Sukuşu Sayımları 2007, Doğa Derneği, Ankara Turkey Suseven, B., Onmuş, O., İsfendiyaroğlu, S Kış Ortası Sukuşu Sayımı (KOSKS) Raporu, Doğa Derneği, Ankara, Türkiye. Wetland International, 2006, Waterbird Population Estimates Fourth Edition. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Wetland International 2008, Role of wild birds in dissemination of avian diseases, Retrived January from 729b19b39d1a, Yarar Murat., Magnin, Gernant., 1997, Türkiye nin Önemli Kuş Alanları, Doğal Hayatı Koruma Derneği, İstanbul Türkiye.

Updated situation of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1) in Asia

Updated situation of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1) in Asia Updated situation of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1) in Asia 1. Summary findings Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) type H5N1 continues to spread in Asia. In addition to the 10 countries

More information

AKDENİZBİRLİK 3. OLIVE STATISTICS

AKDENİZBİRLİK 3. OLIVE STATISTICS 3 3. STATISTICS Tree (Olea europaea L.) finds the best atmosphere in the Mediterranean region belt and this region is called as the Civilization of. 98 % percent of the world olive production which is

More information

CATTLE SECTOR IN TURKEY

CATTLE SECTOR IN TURKEY CATTLE SECTOR IN TURKEY Çagla Yüksel Kaya Veterınarıan CATTLE BREEDERS ASSOCIATION OF TURKEY CATTLE SECTOR its value shared in 2004 In EU-25 nearly 23% of the total value of agricultural production and

More information

Ornithological data relevant to the spread of Avian Influenza in Europe (phase 2)

Ornithological data relevant to the spread of Avian Influenza in Europe (phase 2) Ornithological data relevant to the spread of Avian Influenza in Europe (phase 2) Further identification and first field assessment of Higher Risk Species Authors: J. Veen 1, J. Brouwer 2, P. Atkinson

More information

Summary Balance Sheet. Source: TEB BRSA Consolidated Financials

Summary Balance Sheet. Source: TEB BRSA Consolidated Financials TEB 30 June 03 Summary Balance Sheet Source: TEB BRSA Consolidated Financials Summary Income Statement 3 Source: TEB BRSA Consolidated Financials Strong balance sheet growth, commitment to core banking

More information

TEB 30 September 2013

TEB 30 September 2013 TEB 30 September 03 Summary Balance Sheet Source: TEB BRSA Consolidated Financials Summary Income Statement 3 Source: TEB BRSA Consolidated Financials Strong balance sheet growth with continuing commitment

More information

THE POST SHOW REPORT

THE POST SHOW REPORT THE POST SHOW REPORT Fair Convention and Congress Center Büyükçekmece Istanbul TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE 1. SUBJECT OF SURVEY 3 1.1. SHOW INFO 3 1.2. PURPOSE OF SURVEY 3 1.3. METHOD AND SAMPLE STRUCTURE OF

More information

TEB 31 December 2014

TEB 31 December 2014 TEB 3 December 04 Summary Balance Sheet Source: TEB BRSA Consolidated Financials Summary Income Statement 3 Source: TEB BRSA Consolidated Financials Strong balance sheet growth with continuing commitment

More information

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus H5N1 and Wild Birds

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus H5N1 and Wild Birds Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus H5N1 and Wild Birds What are avian influenza viruses? Avian influenza viruses (AIV) are Type A influenza viruses that are associated with avian species. They have

More information

Avian Influenza Policy Statement

Avian Influenza Policy Statement Avian Influenza Policy Statement Introduction Although the recent spread of the H5N1 strain of avian influenza to the EU, the Middle East, North Africa and the Indian subcontinent is causing public concern

More information

Monitoring data and existing information Country Presentation from Turkey

Monitoring data and existing information Country Presentation from Turkey Workshop on DEVELOPING REGIONAL COOPERATION FOR SHARED KARST AQUIFER MANAGEMENT IN SEE 27-28 June 2008 Thessaloniki, Greece Monitoring data and existing information Country Presentation from Turkey Plan

More information

Avian Influenza: the moving target

Avian Influenza: the moving target Avian Influenza: the moving target Ilaria Capua 1 & Dennis J Alexander 2 OIE/FAO Reference Laboratories 1 Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie Legnaro, Padova IT 2 VLA Weybridge, UK H5N1

More information

Government Incentives For Tourism Sector. Cüneyt Ertürk

Government Incentives For Tourism Sector. Cüneyt Ertürk Government Incentives For Tourism Sector Cüneyt Ertürk Government Incentives For Tourism Sector The precautions related to investment incentives show a decline from the early 199s, after this 2 years period

More information

Analysis of variable-base heating and cooling degree-days for Turkey

Analysis of variable-base heating and cooling degree-days for Turkey Applied Energy 69 (2001) 269 283 www.elsevier.com/locate/apenergy Analysis of variable-base heating and cooling degree-days for Turkey Orhan Bu yu kalaca *, Hu samettin Bulut, Tuncay Yılmaz Department

More information

www.pk ww. fhot els e. ls c. om

www.pk ww. fhot els e. ls c. om Turkey - overview Zonguldak Tekirdağ Istanbul Kocaeli Sakarya Bursa Ankara Balıkesir Eskişehir Çorum Samsun Tokat Sivas Ordu Trabzon Erzurum Ağrı Manisa Kütahya İzmir Afyonkarahisar Aydın Denizli Muğla

More information

THE INNOVATION INDEX OF CITIES OF TURKEY: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS FOR DETERMINING FACTORS OF INNOVATION

THE INNOVATION INDEX OF CITIES OF TURKEY: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS FOR DETERMINING FACTORS OF INNOVATION Ekonometri ve İstatistik Sayı:22 2015 36-46 İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ İKTİSAT FAKÜLTESİ EKONOMETRİ VE İSTATİSTİK DERGİSİ THE INNOVATION INDEX OF CITIES OF TURKEY: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS FOR DETERMINING FACTORS

More information

Visitor Research Post Show Report

Visitor Research Post Show Report December 6-9, 2012 ISTANBUL EXPO CENTER ISTANBUL - TURKEY Visitor Research Post Show Report INTRODUCTION This report is prepared for the participants of EyafExpo 2012 to present the summary results of

More information

Avian surveys and monitoring

Avian surveys and monitoring 85 Chapter 6 Avian surveys and monitoring A more complete understanding of the role that wild birds play in the ecology of wildlife diseases require baseline studies of those species likely to host, transmit

More information

Fibabanka Overview September 2013

Fibabanka Overview September 2013 Fibabanka Overview September 2013 12 Countries 74 Companies >12,000 employees Fiba Group Sectors & Companies Fiba Holding Fina Holding Banking Other Financial Services Retail Real Estate & Asset Management

More information

The Danish veterinary preparedness for avian influenza and Newcastle disease

The Danish veterinary preparedness for avian influenza and Newcastle disease The Danish veterinary preparedness for avian influenza and Newcastle disease Sten Mortensen, Veterinary R&D manager, Animal Health Division, Deputy head 19-04-2016 Livestock statistics, Denmark 2015 Species

More information

Pandemic Influenza (Pan Flu) and Bird Flu Facts

Pandemic Influenza (Pan Flu) and Bird Flu Facts Johns Hopkins Office of Critical Event Preparedness and Response Pandemic Influenza (Pan Flu) and Bird Flu Facts BASIC TERMS USED TO DESCRIBE INFLUENZA Avian Influenza or Bird Flu refers to a large group

More information

Developments in Turkey in the Context of Participatory Approach Based on River Basin Management. Nermin ÇİÇEK, Özge Hande SAHTİYANCI

Developments in Turkey in the Context of Participatory Approach Based on River Basin Management. Nermin ÇİÇEK, Özge Hande SAHTİYANCI Developments in Turkey in the Context of Participatory Approach Based on River Basin Management Nermin ÇİÇEK, Özge Hande SAHTİYANCI The Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs, General Directorate of Water

More information

Fibabanka Overview December 2013

Fibabanka Overview December 2013 Fibabanka Overview December 2013 12 Countries 82 Companies 15,000 employees Fiba Group Sectors & Companies Fiba Holding Fina Holding Banking Other Financial Services Retail Real Estate & Asset Management

More information

Privatisation Agenda for Energy Assets

Privatisation Agenda for Energy Assets www.pwc.com.tr October 2012 Privatisation Agenda for Energy Assets Contents Introduction 3 Power distribution companies 4 Hamitabat and small hydro assets 6 Başkent Gaz 7 2 PwC Introduction Lower deal

More information

TEASER. Privatization of Turkey s Electricity Distribution Industry

TEASER. Privatization of Turkey s Electricity Distribution Industry TEASER Privatization of Turkey s Electricity Distribution Industry Legal Disclaimer Regarding the Teaser Any estimates and projections contained in the present Teaser (the Teaser ) involve significant

More information

Individual Pension System Progress Report

Individual Pension System Progress Report Individual Pension System Progress Report 28 PENSION MONITORING CENTER Individual Pension System Progress Report 28 bes28gr@egm.org.tr Electronic version of this document and reference data of selected

More information

TRADE EXHIBITION ISSUE REPORT

TRADE EXHIBITION ISSUE REPORT TRADE EXHIBITION ISSUE REPORT 23 rd Anfaş Hotel Equipment Trade Exhibition 2012 which is the leading event in hospitality industry held on 18-21 January, successfully gathered all sector professionals.

More information

Zeitschrift für die Welt der Türken Journal of World of Turks THE IMPACT OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ON REGIONAL MIGRATION IN TURKEY

Zeitschrift für die Welt der Türken Journal of World of Turks THE IMPACT OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ON REGIONAL MIGRATION IN TURKEY THE IMPACT OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ON REGIONAL MIGRATION IN TURKEY Mustafa METE Hakkı ÖZBAŞ Abstract: Since its inception, Turkey has experienced several migration movements. It is a transit country that

More information

Modeling Solar Energy Potential In Turkey

Modeling Solar Energy Potential In Turkey Modeling Solar Energy Potential In Turkey Serhat SENSOY, Yusuf ULUPINAR, Mesut DEMIRCAN, Ilker ALAN, Zuhal AKYUREK, Pinar A. BOSTAN Turkish State Meteorological Service, Ankara, Turkey Abstract Since the

More information

Avian Influenza a deadly threat

Avian Influenza a deadly threat Avian Influenza a deadly threat Nobilis Influenza Vaccines Complementing an AI eradication strategy Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A deadly threat to world poultry production Avian influenza (AI) viruses

More information

A. Sinan Türkyılmaz, Attila Hancıoğlu and İsmet Koç

A. Sinan Türkyılmaz, Attila Hancıoğlu and İsmet Koç SURVEY DESIGN APPENDIX B A. Sinan Türkyılmaz, Attila Hancıoğlu and İsmet Koç The major features of sample design and implementation for the Turkish Demographic and Health Survey, 2003 (TDHS-2003) are described

More information

www.pwc.com.tr Privatisation Update

www.pwc.com.tr Privatisation Update www.pwc.com.tr Privatisation Update 12 October 2015 Electricity generation...3 Electricity and gas distribution...10 Looking ahead...11 2 Privatization Update Electricity generation In March 2010, Turkey

More information

Control of Rabies in Turkey

Control of Rabies in Turkey Control of Rabies in Turkey The feasibility of oral vaccination of dogs Etlik Central Veterinary Control and Research Institute Ankara / Turkiye Rabies Situation in Turkey Dog-mediated

More information

Visitor Research Post Show Report

Visitor Research Post Show Report December 1-4, 2011 ISTANBUL EXPO CENTER ISTANBUL - TURKEY Visitor Research Post Show Report INTRODUCTION This report is prepared for the participants of EyafExpo 2011 to present the summary results of

More information

MAP RELATED PROJECTS IN TURKEY

MAP RELATED PROJECTS IN TURKEY MAP RELATED PROJECTS IN GENERAL DIRECTORATE OF LAND REGISTRY AND CADASTRE IN TURKEY Sedat BAKICI & Güler YALÇIN & Ömer YILDIRIM General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre of TURKEY GDLRC 16/06/2008

More information

TURKISH NUCLEAR POWER PROGRAMME NUCLEAR ENERGY PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION DEPARTMENT

TURKISH NUCLEAR POWER PROGRAMME NUCLEAR ENERGY PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION DEPARTMENT TURKISH NUCLEAR POWER PROGRAMME NUCLEAR ENERGY PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION DEPARTMENT 0 75 75 150 km Kocaeli (İzmit) BOSBORUS 0 İzmir Konya ANKARA 150 mi İçel (Mersin) REPUPLIC OF CYPRUS Iskenderun Adana SYRIA

More information

NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING RATES

NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING RATES NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING RATES Effective from April 2014 CONTENTS SABAH Page TAKVİM Page Turkey Edition 2 Turkey and Istanbul Adv. Edition 10 Istanbul Edition 3 Günaydın Advertising Edition 4 FOTOMAÇ Sabah

More information

Türk Ekonomi Bankası A.Ş. 2011 1Q Results

Türk Ekonomi Bankası A.Ş. 2011 1Q Results 2011 1Q Results TEB Financial Group of Companies and the Merged Bank A Major Player of the Turkish Financial Services Market TEB Factoring 3rd largest factoring company in Turkey with 9% market share as

More information

NATURAL GAS MARKET TARIFFS REGULATION

NATURAL GAS MARKET TARIFFS REGULATION NATURAL GAS MARKET TARIFFS REGULATION 1 Presentation Outline NATURAL GAS MARKET TARIFFS Tariff Definition Process and Main Principles Type of Tariffs Connection Tariffs Tariffs Regarding Transmission and

More information

Harvest, export and economic status of freshwater crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus Esch.1823) in Turkey

Harvest, export and economic status of freshwater crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus Esch.1823) in Turkey African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 7(16), pp. 2463-2468, 26 April, 2012 Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/ajar DOI: 10.5897/AJAR12.768 ISSN 1991-637X 2012 Academic Journals

More information

TURKEY WHAT S HOT WHAT S NOT

TURKEY WHAT S HOT WHAT S NOT TURKEY WHAT S NOT TURKEY WHAT S NOT There is TURKEY TURKEY WHAT S NOT There is TURKEY and TURKEY WHAT S NOT There is TURKEY and There is İSTANBUL TURKEY Secondary and tertiary cities Limited/focused service,

More information

VISITOR SURVEY SUMMARY RESULTS

VISITOR SURVEY SUMMARY RESULTS 29 May 1 June 2013 VISITOR SURVEY SUMMARY RESULTS Tüyap Fair Convention and Congress Center Büyükçekmece İstanbul CONTENTS PAGE 1. RESEARCH SUBJECT 3 1.1. SHOW INFO 3 1.2. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 3 1.3.

More information

Chart Alert !! URGENT!!

Chart Alert !! URGENT!! Chart Alert!! URGENT!! Date: 18 December 2009 Subject: Turkey (LT) New Minimum Visibility Values for Airports within Turkey With AIRAC AIP SUP 07/09, Turkey has implemented minimum visibility values for

More information

General Directorate of Turkish Electromechanics Industry

General Directorate of Turkish Electromechanics Industry General Directorate of Turkish Electromechanics Industry June 2015 General Directorate of Turkish Electromechanics Industry www.temsan.gov.tr General Directorate Ankara Factories Diyarbakir Factories www.temsan.gov.tr

More information

National FMD Response Planning

National FMD Response Planning National FMD Response Planning Proactive Risk Assessment to Support and Managed Preparedness Movement of Livestock and Poultry Timothy J. Goldsmith DVM, MPH, DACVPM Center for Animal Health and Food Safety

More information

FACTS & FIGURES: TEDU (as of October 2015)

FACTS & FIGURES: TEDU (as of October 2015) FACTS & FIGURES: TEDU (as of October 2015) TEDU STUDENTS a. Newly enrolled students: Placed (w. full ) : 75 Placed (w. 75% ) : - Placed (w. 50% ) : 239 Placed (w. 25% ) : 145 Placed (paid=w. 0% ) : 66

More information

2be or not 2be! www.2besatinalma.com. Address: Cumhuriyet Mah. Cumhuriyet Cad. Bey Center Plaza Kat 10 Daire 75 Esenyurt / İstanbul

2be or not 2be! www.2besatinalma.com. Address: Cumhuriyet Mah. Cumhuriyet Cad. Bey Center Plaza Kat 10 Daire 75 Esenyurt / İstanbul Address: Cumhuriyet Mah. Cumhuriyet Cad. Bey Center Plaza Kat 10 Daire 75 Esenyurt / İstanbul Tel. : +90 (212) 852 24 21 E-mail : info@2besatinalma.com www.2besatinalma.com 2be or not 2be! WHO IS 2BE?

More information

YAPI KREDİ: A New Bank is Born. İstanbul, 2 October 2006

YAPI KREDİ: A New Bank is Born. İstanbul, 2 October 2006 YAPI KREDİ: A New Bank is Born İstanbul, 2 October 2006 AGENDA THE NEW BANK SHAREHOLDING AND ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE VISION AND KEY TARGETS 2 YAPI KREDİ MERGER IS THE BIGGEST M&A PROJECT IN THE HISTORY

More information

RESULT SUMMARY OF THE VISITOR SURVEY

RESULT SUMMARY OF THE VISITOR SURVEY November, 14 17, 2013 RESULT SUMMARY OF THE VISITOR SURVEY TÜYAP Fair, Convention and Congress Center Büyükçekmece İstanbul, Turkey 6 TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE 1. SUBJECT OF THE SURVEY 3 1.1. INFORMATION

More information

EARLY WARNING, DATABASE, AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS FOR AVIAN INFLUENZA SURVEILLANCE 1

EARLY WARNING, DATABASE, AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS FOR AVIAN INFLUENZA SURVEILLANCE 1 Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 43(3) Supplement 2007, pp. S71 S76 # Wildlife Disease Association 2007 EARLY WARNING, DATABASE, AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS FOR AVIAN INFLUENZA SURVEILLANCE 1 V. Martin, 2,3 S.

More information

Introduction to Risk Analysis

Introduction to Risk Analysis Introduction to Risk Analysis and Risk Assessment Solenne Costard ILRI, Nairobi, 2 nd and 3 rd October 2008 Concepts: Risk Hazard Overview Risk Analysis and Risk Assessment Approaches to Risk Assessment:

More information

WHO Regional Office for Europe update on avian influenza A (H7N9) virus

WHO Regional Office for Europe update on avian influenza A (H7N9) virus WHO Regional Office for Europe update on avian influenza A (H7N9) virus Situation update 2: 30 April 2013 Address requests about publications of the WHO Regional Office for Europe to: Publications WHO

More information

Establishment of a New Migration Monitoring Network across China for the Siberian Crane and Other Waterbirds. Abstract

Establishment of a New Migration Monitoring Network across China for the Siberian Crane and Other Waterbirds. Abstract SIBERIAN CRANE WETLAND PROJECT TECHNICAL BRIEF SIBERIAN CRANE WETLAND PRO ECT Establishment of a New Migration Monitoring Network across China for the Siberian Crane and Other Waterbirds By Qian Fawen,

More information

1. ELECTRONIC COMPONENT, POWER SUPPLIES AND EMBEDDED SYSTEMS FAIR

1. ELECTRONIC COMPONENT, POWER SUPPLIES AND EMBEDDED SYSTEMS FAIR 1. ELECTRONIC COMPONENT, POWER SUPPLIES AND EMBEDDED SYSTEMS FAIR ELECTRONIST Fair which was held for the first time this year from September 27, 2012 to September 30, 2012 took its first step to be an

More information

http://www.who.int/csr/disease/avian_influenza/phase/en 4 http://new.paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1283&itemid=569

http://www.who.int/csr/disease/avian_influenza/phase/en 4 http://new.paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1283&itemid=569 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN) (Update) 30 April 2009 INFOSAN Information Note No. 2/2009 Human-animal interface aspects

More information

Guidance on waterbird monitoring methodology: Field Protocol for waterbird counting

Guidance on waterbird monitoring methodology: Field Protocol for waterbird counting Guidance on waterbird monitoring methodology: Field Protocol for waterbird counting Report prepared by Wetlands International March 2010 Page 1 of 15 Contents Common Standards and field protocol for waterbird

More information

RATIO ESTIMATORS IN POST-STRATIFICATION

RATIO ESTIMATORS IN POST-STRATIFICATION Nüfusbilim Dergisi\Turkish Journal of Population Studies, 2012, 34, 3-15 3 RATIO ESTIMATORS IN POST-STRATIFICATION In this study, some ratio-type estimators are taken into consideration in literature and

More information

Guidelines for participants in the International Waterbird Census (IWC)

Guidelines for participants in the International Waterbird Census (IWC) Guidelines for participants in the International Waterbird Census (IWC) Simon Delany January 2005 Contents 1. What are waterbirds? 2. Why count waterbirds? 3. What is the International Waterbird Census?

More information

The Impact of New Epidemiological Information on a Risk Analysis for the Introduction of Avian Influenza Viruses in Imported Poultry Meat

The Impact of New Epidemiological Information on a Risk Analysis for the Introduction of Avian Influenza Viruses in Imported Poultry Meat The Impact of New Epidemiological Information on a Risk Analysis for the Introduction of Avian Influenza Viruses in Imported Poultry Meat Howard J. Pharo Biosecurity Authority, Ministry of Agriculture

More information

As of 31.12.2013. www.sekerbank.com.tr

As of 31.12.2013. www.sekerbank.com.tr As of 3.2.203 www.sekerbank.com.tr Contents Pages Background & Ownership 3-4 Ratings and Financial Performance 6-0 Risk Management 4-6 Business Strategies & Current Strengths 8-20 National Presence and

More information

DIMENSION OF WATER LOSS THROUGH DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND REDUCTION METHODS IN TURKEY

DIMENSION OF WATER LOSS THROUGH DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND REDUCTION METHODS IN TURKEY DIMENSION OF WATER LOSS THROUGH DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND REDUCTION METHODS IN TURKEY İzzet ÖZTÜRK Vedat UYAK Mehmet ÇAKMAKCI Lütfi AKÇA İstanbul Technical University, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department

More information

Study of the Determinants and Patterns of HPAI H5N1 in North Vietnam

Study of the Determinants and Patterns of HPAI H5N1 in North Vietnam Study of the Determinants and Patterns of HPAI H5N1 in North Vietnam Methodology, progress and initial results GRIPAVI PROJECT S.Desvaux, N. Gaidet, P.T.T.Hoa, N.T.Dung GRIPAVI project in Vietnam: Vietnam

More information

HPAI Response HPAI Response Goals November 18, 2015

HPAI Response HPAI Response Goals November 18, 2015 HPAI Response HPAI Response Goals November 18, 2015 Please note: These may be revised as the situation continues to change. USDA APHIS will work to achieve these goals for critical activities in a highly

More information

Akbank Committed to Sustainable Leadership. June 2013

Akbank Committed to Sustainable Leadership. June 2013 Akbank Committed to Sustainable Leadership June 2013 1 Agenda Turkey and Turkish Banking Sector Akbank in a Snapshot Financial Figures 2014 and beyond 3 8 18 39 2 Outstanding growth potential European

More information

Turkish real estate market outlook. Ozkan Yildirim Partner Audit Deloitte

Turkish real estate market outlook. Ozkan Yildirim Partner Audit Deloitte Turkish real estate market outlook Ozkan Yildirim Partner Audit Deloitte The re-opening of recent agreements and chapter negotiations with the European Union (EU) can be seen as positive developments for

More information

THE INTRODUCED SACRED IBIS, PREDATOR OF SEABIRDS AND OTHER FRAGILE SPECIES

THE INTRODUCED SACRED IBIS, PREDATOR OF SEABIRDS AND OTHER FRAGILE SPECIES THE INTRODUCED SACRED IBIS, PREDATOR OF SEABIRDS AND OTHER FRAGILE SPECIES Pierre Yésou, Dr. Suzanne Bastian, Prof. Philippe Clergeau, Denis Lacourpaille & Sébastien Reeber Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus

More information

INVESTOR PRESENTATION. BRSA Unconsolidated Financial Statements Highlights 30.09.2015 www.sekerbank.com.tr

INVESTOR PRESENTATION. BRSA Unconsolidated Financial Statements Highlights 30.09.2015 www.sekerbank.com.tr INVESTOR PRESENTATION BRSA Unconsolidated Financial Statements Highlights 30.09.205 www.sekerbank.com.tr CONTENTS About Şekerbank 3-7 Background / Milestones Strategy & Mission Ownership Ratings Geographical

More information

Individual Pension System Progress Report

Individual Pension System Progress Report Individual Pension System Progress Report 29 Individual Pension System Progress Report 29 bes29gr@egm.org.tr Electronic version of this document and reference data of selected statistics are available

More information

Crisis Management Centre - Animal Health (CMC-AH)

Crisis Management Centre - Animal Health (CMC-AH) Crisis Management Centre - Animal Health (CMC-AH) Rapid Missions Update October 2014 October 2015 The Crisis Management Centre Animal Health (CMC-AH) is a joint platform of the Food and Agriculture Organization

More information

Tracking possible ways of transmission of the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 to Greece using ringing recoveries of wild birds

Tracking possible ways of transmission of the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 to Greece using ringing recoveries of wild birds Journal of Biological Research-Thessaloniki 15: 135 144, 2011 J. Biol. Res.-Thessalon. is available online at http://www.jbr.gr Indexed in: WoS (Web of Science, ISI Thomson), SCOPUS, CAS (Chemical Abstracts

More information

Prof. Dr. Adnan UZUN Department of Landscape Architecture adnan.uzun@isikun.edu.tr

Prof. Dr. Adnan UZUN Department of Landscape Architecture adnan.uzun@isikun.edu.tr Mr. UZUN was born in 1959 in Sivas. He started his undergraduate education at the Faculty of Forestry in Istanbul University in 1978 and completed it in 1982. He completed his master program in Landscape

More information

Wetland Bird Survey (Low Tide Counts)

Wetland Bird Survey (Low Tide Counts) Wetland Bird Survey (Low Tide Counts) Title Wetland Bird Survey (WeBS) Low Tide Counts 1992/93 to present Description and Summary of Results Despite involving only a relatively small number of sites, estuaries

More information

THE CURRENT STATE OF COLONIAL WATERBIRDS IN SREBARNA MANAGED RESERVE

THE CURRENT STATE OF COLONIAL WATERBIRDS IN SREBARNA MANAGED RESERVE Annuaire de l`université de Sofia St. Kliment Ohridski 2004, volume 96, livre 4, pp 313-320 10 session scientifique, Sofia 2003 THE CURRENT STATE OF COLONIAL WATERBIRDS IN SREBARNA MANAGED RESERVE NEVENA

More information

Escape distances from human pedestrians by staging waterbirds in a Danish wetland

Escape distances from human pedestrians by staging waterbirds in a Danish wetland 115 Escape distances from human pedestrians by staging waterbirds in a Danish wetland THOMAS BREGNBALLE, KIM AAEN & ANTHONY D. FOX Department of Wildlife Ecology and Biodiversity, National Environmental

More information

Applied Energy 84 (2007) 477 491. Simple model for the generation of daily global solar-radiation data in Turkey

Applied Energy 84 (2007) 477 491. Simple model for the generation of daily global solar-radiation data in Turkey Applied Energy 84 (2007) 477 491 APPLIED ENERGY www.elsevier.com/locate/apenergy Simple model for the generation of daily global solar-radiation data in Turkey Hüsamettin Bulut a, *, Orhan Büyükalaca b

More information

RENEWABLE INTEGRATION IN TURKISH POWER SYSTEM

RENEWABLE INTEGRATION IN TURKISH POWER SYSTEM RENEWABLE INTEGRATION IN TURKISH POWER SYSTEM Nurhan OZAN Transmission Planning & Coordination Manager Research, Planning, Coordination Department TURKISH ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION CORPORATION () www.teias.gov.tr

More information

VISITOR SURVEY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

VISITOR SURVEY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY VISITOR SURVEY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY March 11 14, 2015 TÜYAP Fair Convention and Congress Center Istanbul / TURKEY CONTENTS PAGE 1. SUBJECT 3 1.1. KEY INFORMATION 3 1.2. PURPOSE 4 1.3. METHOD AND SAMPLING

More information

TURKEY. Country Wildlife Response Profiles A Summary of oiled wildlife response arrangements and resources worldwide 7/1/2010

TURKEY. Country Wildlife Response Profiles A Summary of oiled wildlife response arrangements and resources worldwide 7/1/2010 VERSION 7/1/2010 Introduction Turkey borders the Sea of Marmara and Aegean Sea (over 2800 km.) to the west, the Mediterranean Sea (1.577 km.) to the south and the Black Sea (1.595 km.) to the north. The

More information

HPAI H5N8 outbreak in layers in the Netherlands. 20 November 2014, Ruth Bouwstra

HPAI H5N8 outbreak in layers in the Netherlands. 20 November 2014, Ruth Bouwstra HPAI H5N8 outbreak in layers in the Netherlands 20 November 2014, Ruth Bouwstra Avian Influenza Surveillance in the Netherlands Passive surveillance (notification of suspect situation) Acute infections

More information

REFERENCES LİST VAN 500 BEDS STATE HOSPITAL

REFERENCES LİST VAN 500 BEDS STATE HOSPITAL REFERENCES LİST BURSA CEKIRGE 700 BEDS STATE SANLIURFA EYYUBIYE 533 BEDS STATE ISPARTA SULEYMAN DEMIREL UNIVERSITY 500 BEDS TRAINING AND RESEARCH VAN 500 BEDS STATE MUGLA 475 BEDS STATE ORDU UNYE 400 BEDS

More information

Avian Influenza Preparedness in North Carolina

Avian Influenza Preparedness in North Carolina Avian Influenza Preparedness in North Carolina Marty Zaluski, DVM Director, Division of Emergency Programs NC Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services GOALS Discuss scope of agriculture in NC Discuss

More information

NATIONAL MIXED EXHIBITION

NATIONAL MIXED EXHIBITION MUSTAFA BULAT (1964 Sarıyahşi / AKSARAY) 2015 Artist, Atatürk University Faculty of Fine Arts in Sculpture Department continues to work as a Lecturer and Head of Department. 2014 Professor Dr. 2009 Associate

More information

Waterbird Populations and Pressures in the Baltic Sea

Waterbird Populations and Pressures in the Baltic Sea Waterbird Populations and Pressures in the Baltic Sea Waterbird Populations and Pressures in the Baltic Sea Henrik Skov, Stefan Heinänen, Ramūnas Žydelis, Jochen Bellebaum, Szymon Bzoma, Mindaugas Dagys,

More information

Assist.Prof.Dr. Hasan ÇİÇEK

Assist.Prof.Dr. Hasan ÇİÇEK Assist.Prof.Dr. Hasan ÇİÇEK Address : Afyon Kocatepe University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Health Economics and Management, 03200, Afyonkarahisar Phone : +90 272 228 13 12 214

More information

Management of Wetlands in Mugla City Murat BARLAS and Nedim OZDEMIR Mugla University- Turkey

Management of Wetlands in Mugla City Murat BARLAS and Nedim OZDEMIR Mugla University- Turkey Management of Wetlands in Mugla City Murat BARLAS and Nedim OZDEMIR Mugla University- Turkey Wetlands for Clear Water 24-25 March 2011 in Greifswald, Germany Greifswald University Turkey is one of the

More information

What Roles & Benefits for UOFA?

What Roles & Benefits for UOFA? Increasing Contribution of Private Poultry Sector to Disease Prevention & Control: What Roles & Benefits for UOFA? Dr. Baba Soumare; Regional Influenza Advisor, USAID West Africa Office Outline 1. USAID

More information

AN ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF THE CHICKEN MEAT/FEED PRICE INTERACTIONS IN TURKISH BROILER SECTOR

AN ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF THE CHICKEN MEAT/FEED PRICE INTERACTIONS IN TURKISH BROILER SECTOR AN ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF THE CHICKEN MEAT/FEED PRICE INTERACTIONS IN TURKISH BROILER SECTOR P. Demir 1, Y. Aral 2, Y. Cevger 2, E. Aydin 1 1 Department of Livestock Economics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine,

More information

FMD SITUATION IN TURKEY. -Country Report- FMD SITUATION IN TURKEY. - Country Report- Dr Nihat Pakdil Deputy Secretary of M.A.R.A.

FMD SITUATION IN TURKEY. -Country Report- FMD SITUATION IN TURKEY. - Country Report- Dr Nihat Pakdil Deputy Secretary of M.A.R.A. Appendix 11 FMD SITUATION IN TURKEY -Country Report- FMD SITUATION IN TURKEY - Country Report- Dr Nihat Pakdil Deputy Secretary of M.A.R.A. of Turkey A.Naci BULUT Head of Diagnosis Department Sap Institute,

More information

2016 DHMİ AIRPORT CHARGES

2016 DHMİ AIRPORT CHARGES REPUBLIC OF TURKEY GENERAL DIRECTORATE OF STATE AIRPORTS AUTHORITY (DHMI) 2016 DHMİ AIRPORT CHARGES Charges Page 1 International Landing and Parking Charges 1 2 Passenger Service Charges 5 3 Charges for

More information

Master and PhD Education in Geography: Turkish Perspectives

Master and PhD Education in Geography: Turkish Perspectives Master and PhD Education in Geography: Turkish Perspectives Nuri YAVAN and Erdem BEKAROĞLU Ankara University Department of Geography Academic Competencies Workshop Ankara University, Faculty of Letters,

More information

ICELAND Harlequins & Northern Lights in Winter 17 22 March 2016

ICELAND Harlequins & Northern Lights in Winter 17 22 March 2016 ICELAND Harlequins & Northern Lights in Winter 17 22 March 2016 TOUR REPORT Leader: Trausti Gunnarsson Thursday 17th March 2016 SE light to moderate breeze, overcast and 6 C. After meeting and greeting

More information

INVESTOR PRESENTATION. BRSA Unconsolidated Financial Statements Highlights 30.06.2015 www.sekerbank.com.tr

INVESTOR PRESENTATION. BRSA Unconsolidated Financial Statements Highlights 30.06.2015 www.sekerbank.com.tr INVESTOR PRESENTATION BRSA Unconsolidated Financial Statements Highlights 30.06.205 www.sekerbank.com.tr CONTENTS About Şekerbank 3-7 Background / Milestones Strategy & Mission Ownership Ratings Geographical

More information

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF ECONOMY NEW INVESTMENT INCENTIVES PROGRAM

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF ECONOMY NEW INVESTMENT INCENTIVES PROGRAM REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF ECONOMY NEW INVESTMENT INCENTIVES PROGRAM April, 2012 1 The New Investment Incentives Program General Investment Incentive Scheme Regional Investment Incentive Scheme Large

More information

Hourly wind velocity exceedence maps of Turkey

Hourly wind velocity exceedence maps of Turkey Energy Conversion and Management 44 (2003) 549 557 www.elsevier.com/locate/enconman Hourly wind velocity exceedence maps of Turkey Ahmet Duran Sßahin * Energy Group, Department of Meteorology, Istanbul

More information

Preface Section 1 - Modeling movements of Avian Influenza in North American Waterfowl

Preface Section 1 - Modeling movements of Avian Influenza in North American Waterfowl Preface The global spread of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza (AI) is thought to be partially mediated by waterfowl. Although this strain of AI has not arrived in North America, the ramifications

More information

INVESTOR PRESENTATION. BRSA Unconsolidated Financial Statements Highlights 31.03.2015 www.sekerbank.com.tr

INVESTOR PRESENTATION. BRSA Unconsolidated Financial Statements Highlights 31.03.2015 www.sekerbank.com.tr INVESTOR PRESENTATION BRSA Unconsolidated Financial Statements Highlights 3.03.205 www.sekerbank.com.tr CONTENTS About Şekerbank 3-7 Background / Milestones Strategy & Mission Ownership Ratings Geographical

More information

Spatial Analysis of Five Crime Statistics in Turkey

Spatial Analysis of Five Crime Statistics in Turkey Spatial Analysis of Five Crime Statistics in Turkey Saffet ERDOĞAN, M. Ali DERELİ, Mustafa YALÇIN, Turkey Key words: Crime rates, geographical information systems, spatial analysis. SUMMARY In this study,

More information

A COMPARATIVE WIND POWER PLANT FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR GÖKÇEADA, TURKEY

A COMPARATIVE WIND POWER PLANT FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR GÖKÇEADA, TURKEY Journal of Naval Science and Engineering 2009, Vol. 5, No.3, pp. 55-63 A COMPARATIVE WIND POWER PLANT FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR GÖKÇEADA, TURKEY Egemen SULUKAN Department of Professional Sciences, Turkish

More information