GREEK NATURAL GAS MARKET: From Birth to Maturity. May, 2014

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1 GREEK NATURAL GAS MARKET: From Birth to Maturity May, 2014

2 The Natural Gas in Greece An exciting journey 1987 Intergovernmental agreement between USSR and Greece signed 1988 Intergovernmental agreement between Algeria and Greece signed 1998 Establishment of DEPA 1991 Establishment of Prometheus GAS 1994 First gas supply contract signed between DEPA and PPC 1995 First law regulating natural gas market ratified (law 2364) 1995 Completion of the main pipeline 1996 First Russian Gas entering the Greek system through the Sidirokastro entry point and delivered to the Hellenic Sugar Company 2000 Completion of the Revythoussa LNG terminal and first Algerian LNG deliveries made Establishment of the 3 gas distribution companies 2003 Intergovernmental agreement between Turkey and Greece signed 2007 Establishment of DESFA Greek Gas Transmission System operator 2007 ITG completed First gas deliveries from Turkey 2014 Renewal of the gas supply contract with Gazprom for yrs 2

3 The Greek National Natural Gas Transmission System (NNGS) 3 Entry, 39 Exit points Entry Points: Sidirokastro (GR-BG Border) Kipi (GR-TR Border) Revythoussa LNG Terminal Pipeline network of 1291 km 512 km main 779 km branches (another 150 km in 2015) DESFA data ENTSOG Gas network map

4 National Natural Gas System Technical Capacities Greece Bulgaria: (Nm 3 /d) Greece Turkey: (Nm 3 /d) Revythoussa LNG Terminal: (Nm 3 /d) Total: (Nm 3 /d) Note: Nm 3 refers to 0 o C and 1 atm LNG Terminal technical data: Total LNG storage capacity: m 3 Maximum LNG unloading rate: 7.250m 3 /h Sustained Maximum LNG re-gas Rate: 1.000m 3 /h Peak LNG re-gas Rate: 1250m 3 /h DESFA data

5 Regulatory and Legislative Framework 2009: Directive 2009/73/EC on Common rules for the internal market in natural gas Regulation 715/2009 on Conditions for access to natural gas transmission networks 2010: Ministerial Decree 5346/2010 on Network Code for the Management of NNGS (with later amendments latest 2013) RAE Decision 611/2010 on Approval of Gas Transportation Agreements and LNG Facility Usage Ministerial Decree 5815/2010 on Natural Gas on License Regulation 2011: Law 4001/2011 for the Operation of Electricity and Gas Energy Markets (harmonization with Directive 2009/73/EC) 2012: Ministerial Decrees 594/2012 & 722/2012 on Tariff Regulation & Tariffs for the use of NNGS respectively 5

6 Legislative Framework Access to the Natural Gas Supply Access to NNGS Entities registered in the NNGS Users Registry (includes suppliers, shippers, operators) GTAs or LNG Terminal Use Agreements Regulated Tariffs Entry-Exit system Natural Gas Licenses National Natural Gas System License Independent Natural Gas System License Natural Gas Supplier License Natural Gas Distribution License (Gas Distribution Companies GDCs) Consumer supply options Eligible customers Consumers over 100 Gwh p.a. (Power producers, Industrial, etc.) Gas Distribution Companies (over contracted volumes from DEPA and post DEPA supply contract expiry) CNG supply sites (networks) Other consumers located outside existing GDC s geographical boundaries 6

7 3 Companies in Operation Gas Distribution Companies (GDCs) Attiki (Athens) (2001) Thessaloniki (2000) Thessalia (2000) 30-year exclusive license Currently DEPA single supplier Scope of activities Exclusive rights for: Operation, maintenance and expansion of city networks Gas distribution to residential, commercial and industrial customers (< 100 GWh) within the GDCs geographical area Thessalia Thessaloniki Attiki Shareholding structure DEPA (51%) Private investors (49%) Attica (Shell Gas) Thessaloniki & Thessaly (Eni)

8 Gas Distribution Companies Consumption data GDCs Consumption (Nm 3 ) EPA Thessalonikis (Nm3) EPA Thessalias (Nm3) EPA Attikis (Nm3) mil. Nm Total EPAs (Nm3) Year GDCs data

9 Greek Natural Gas Market Supply Structure 3 long term gas supply contracts between DEPA and: Additional LNG supplies from global spot market DEPA data

10 Imports deregulation Milestone: Approval of GTAs and LNG facility Usage contracts First private LNG cargo unloading at Revythoussa terminal (May 2010) Enabling new gas importers in the Greek gas market through LNG facility Natural gas injected in NNGS in 2009 Natural gas injected in NNGS in 2012 LNG Russian gas Azeri gas (GR-TR border) LNG Russian gas Azeri gas (GR-TR border) Pipeline Gas remains the main supply option Third Party Access to LNG terminal increased LNG imports 10 DESFA data

11 Spot LNG imports in Greece SPOT LNG VOLUMES IMPORTED IN GREECE mil. Nm OTHERS DEPA YEARS 11

12 Imports by supply source: NATURAL GAS IMPORTS PER ORIGIN Total (bln Nm 3 ) Natural Gas supply % 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 2% 16% 81% 9% 8% 8% 13% 13% 1% 10% 14% 20% 17% 15% 16% 15% 12% 14% 76% 66% 57% 59% 54% 18% 14% 13% 55% 17% 17% 65% SPOT BOTAS SONATRACH GAZPROM 10% 0% Years 12

13 Domestic natural gas consumption per sector: Power Generation Industry GDCs Quantities in Nm 3 13 DESFA data

14 Greek Natural Gas market Total domestic consumption 2013 Total natural gas consumption: 3,7 bln Nm natural gas consumption per sector DEPA data

15 CNG as a vehicle fuel Current status & future planning DEPA supplies with compressed natural gas 600 public transportation buses and 102 municipality garbage collection vehicles (started 2001) DEPA establishes FYSIKON in co-operation with HELPE for the development of CNG as vehicle fuel (2013) 4 refueling stations in Athens and 1 in Thessaloniki now open to all CNG vehicles (dual or bi-fuel technology) Promotion programme in cooperation with VW (vehicle purchase subsidization) Small number of CNG fuelled taxis introduced Expansion of CNG retail network across the country (main highways and major cities) Joint initiatives with other municipalities Introduction of new players in the market

16 The future of the Greek Natural Gas Market Forecast of Natural Gas Consumption in Greece: ,5 bln Nm 3 (0 o C) 5 4,5 4 3,5 3 2,5 2 1,5 3,399 3,522 4,107 4,368 4,650 4,508 4,806 4,446 4,580 4,779 Total Demand Power Generation 1 0, Years Basis: DESFA 10 yr development plan

17 The future in Gas Distribution 3newGDCtobeestablished: Eastern Macedonia - Thrace Central Macedonia Central Greece (Sterea Ellada) Evia 2 unsuccessful attempts (2012, 2013) Reform of the regulatory framework Applies to the existing and future GDCs Unbundling of network operation and distribution/marketing Transition to full eligibility for all gas customers (gradual) Phase out of the exclusivity regime Issuance of new Distribution Licenses Transition to regulated Tariffs TPA rules for the distribution network Eastern Macedonia - Thrace Central Macedonia Central Greece (Sterea Ellada) - Evia

18 New Domestic Infrastructures 1. NNGS Continuous expansion and upgrading Enhance security of supply Respond to future domestic and regional demand Recently Completed Projects Kavala UGS Compressor in Nea Mesimvria Extension to Aliveri PPC plant Ongoing Projects Expansion to Peloponnese - Connection with Megalopolis PPC power plant Upgrade of Revythoussa LNG terminal o New m 3 storage tank o Upgrade of vessel receiving facilities o Increase gasification rate (+40%) 2. Other UGS South Kavala Conversion of depleted gas field to UGS o 2 x 360 mil m 3 o Concession project > Nov

19 New Infrastructures - International projects GREECE BULGARIA INTERCONNECTION (IGB) Shareholders Pipeline interconnecting Greek and Bulgarian gas systems, allowing bidirectional flow between Komotini (GR) and Stara Zagora (BG) Capacity: 3 up to 5 bcm/y 19

20 New Infrastructures - International projects TRANS ADRIATIC PIPELINE (TAP) Shareholders: BP (20%), SOCAR (20%) Statoil (20%), Fluxys (16%), Total (10%), E.ON (9%), Axpo (5%) TAP will transport natural gas from Shah Deniz II field in Azerbaijan Total Length 870km: Greece 550km, Albania 210km, Offshore Adriatic Sea 105km, Italy 5km Initial Capacity: 10 bcm/y o Designedtoexpandupto20bcm/y TAP has secured TPA exemption for the initial capacity of 10bcm/y on forward flow Start up:

21 LNG Bunkering IMO regulations imposing reductions on marine fuel emissions Outside SECAs as of 2020 Greek Passenger Shipping companies facing severe cost challenges Ministry of Maritime Affairs investigating possibilities for LNG use in marine bunkering Regulatory and Legislative framework to be developed Several initiatives involving shipping stakeholders and class societies Passenger ship market at Piraeus port estimated at m 3 of LNG 21

22 THANK YOU

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