TURKISH GAS NETWORK & PIPELINES RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

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1 TURKISH GAS NETWORK & PIPELINES RECENT DEVELOPMENTS Öztürk SELVITOP Head of Department 4 th GAS FORUM September 2009 Ljubljana - SLOVENIA

2 Strategies in the Energy Sector Major Aspects Exploration and production activities Further diversification in primary energy supply, in terms of energy ergy sources, imports, technologies and infrastructures Development of renewables and introduction of nuclear power Competition oriented market structures in electricity, natural gas g and petroleum sectors Energy efficiency along the supply-demand chain Oil and gas pipelines (domestic and cross-border) & electricity interconnections 2

3 Natural Gas Sector Main Characteristics and Major Strategies Rapid growth in demand : security of supply as the main concern the role for competitive markets High level of import dependency: further role for diversification, in imports and in infrastructure Interrelation with the power sector and seasonality in demand: importance of monitoring, evaluation and emergency measures 3

4 Electrical Energy Market & Security of Supply Strategy Paper ( ) Main Priorities Security of Supply is the main concern All market regulations and implementation shall take security of supply concern into account Market design Program for distribution and generation privatisation Targets for renewables and fuel mix By 2023; - Share of renewables in electricity generation at least %30 - Share of nuclear energy in electricity generation at least %5 - Decrease share of natural gas below % 30 in electricity generation - Utilize all hydro and lignite reserves 4

5 Electricity and Natural Gas Sectors Significant growth in consumption Cumulative Growth in Demand (%) ( ) Electricity Consumption Natural Gas Consumption China TURKEY India World EU OECD average 5 OECD Statistics

6 Natural Gas Consumption (2008) Consumption by Sources Sectoral Consumption 10 bcma (1996) 36,8 bcma (2008)

7 2008: % 4, : % - 5,00 Share of gas in The electricity Republic of TURKEY generation %48 7

8 Natural Gas Demand Forecasts Need for new imports by

9 Natural Gas Sale & Purchase Agreements Volume bcma [the Plateau Period] (bcm / year) Date of Signature Duration (Years) Start of Operation Russian Fed. (West) 6 14 February Algeria (LNG) 4 14 April Nigeria (LNG) November Iran 10 8 August Russian Fed. (Blue Stream) December Russian Fed.(West) 8 18 February Turkmenistan May not in operation Azerbaijan March

10 Natural Gas Transmission Activities The National Transmission System is composed of High pressure pipelines in aggregate km. 7 Compressor Stations (totally 200 MW) 4 new planned Compressor Stations More than 200 Pressure Reducing and Metering Stations directly connected to high pressure grid LNG Terminal and Storage Facilities 2 LNG Terminals with 5 storage tanks (2 and 3) each having m 3 capacity One underground storage facility with 1.6 bcm capacity 10

11 Natural Gas Pipeline Network USING GAS : 63 UNDER CONSTRUCTION : 4 TENDERING STAGE : 5 PLANNING STAGE : 9

12 GAS PIPELINES & PROJECTS 12

13 Natural Gas Geostrategy of TURKEY 13

14 Oil & Gas reserves around TURKEY Their percentage in Global Reserves 2nd LARGEST GAS MARKET OF THE WORLD %27 %6 %3 %2 72 % of global reserves OIL % Natural Transit Route %2 %1 LARGEST GAS SOURCES %9 OF THE WORLD %12 %15 %2 NATURAL GAS % %3 %1 %1 %23 %41

15 Natural Gas Pipeline Network Blue Stream 16 BCM 6.6 BCM Azerbaijan 16 BCM Türkmenistan Iraq Egypt 15

16 RUSSIA TURKEY GAS PIPELINE (WEST PIPE) IN OPERATION SINCE 1987 IN 1993, REACHED TO 6 bcma WHICH IS CONTRACTED CAPACITY IN 1998, ADDITIONAL 8 bcma GAS CONTRACTED AND CAPACITY INCREASED TO 14 bcma TECHNICAL FEATURES Total Length 845 Km Pipeline Diameter Inch Cur. Capacity 14 bcma IN 2008, APPROXIMATELY 13.2 bcm (~( 13) IMPORTED

17 RUSSIA TURKEY GAS PIPELINE (BLUE STREAM) DESIGNED IN THE FORM OF DOUBLE LINE BETWEEN RUSSIA AND TURKEY STARTED TO OPERATION ON FEBRUARY 20TH, 2003 IN 2008, APPROXIMATELY 9.8 bcm (~( 10) IMPORTED TECHNICAL FEATURES Samsun Ankara 501 km Russia & Black Sea km Pipeline Diameter 56, 24, 48 Inch Cur. Capacity 16 bcma

18 EASTERN ANATOLIAN GAS PIPELINE CONTRACTED TO 10 bcma IN 1996 STARTED OPERATION ON DECEMBER 10 TH, 2001 IN 2008, APPROXIMATELY 4.1 bcm (~( 4) IMPORTED TECHNICAL FEATURES Total Length 1491 Km Pipeline Diameter Inch Cur. Capacity 10 bcma

19 BAKU TBILISI ERZURUM GAS PIPELINE SALE AND PURCHASE AGREEMENT FOR 6,6 bcm OF GAS WAS SIGNED ON 12 MARCH 2001 IN OPERATION SINCE JULY 2007 IN 2008, 4.5 bcm IMPORTED TECHNICAL FEATURES Total Length 915 Km Pipeline Diameter 42 Inch Max. Capacity 20 bcma IDLE CAPACITY IS CONSIDERED TO BE USED FOR SHAH DENIZ PHASE-2 PRODUCTION 19

20 ARAB GAS PIPELINE PROJECT THE EGYPTIAN GAS IS CURRENTLY BEING SUPPLIED TO SYRIA A MOU SIGNED BETWEEN TURKEY AND SYRIA ON 20 AUGUST 2009 CONCERNING INTERCONNECTION OF GAS NETWORKS TECHNICAL FEATURES Total Length :1200 Km Pipeline Dia. :36 Inch Max.Capacity :10 bcma THE NETWORK OF TURKEY AND SYRIA WILL BE LINKED WITH THE CONSTRUCTION OF REMAINING 230 KM. 20

21 IRAQ TURKEY GAS PIPELINE PROJECT HAVE GREAT POTENTIAL IN ENHANCING BOTH TURKEY S AND EU S S ENERGY SECURITY MoU SIGNED AMONG TPAO, BOTAS AND SHELL ENERGY EUROPE BVA ON 20 NOVEMBER 2008 MoU REFERS TO COOPERATION IN EXPLORATION, PRODUCTION, TRANSPORTATION AND MARKETING FIELDS 21

22 TURKEY GREECE ITALY GAS PIPELINE PROJECT ON NOVEMBER 18, 2007 GAS SUPPLY STARTED ON ITG TRILATERAL IGA ON ITGI ON JULY 26 th, 2007 IGI IS TO OPERATE BY 2013 TECHNICAL FEATURES ITG Length 296 Km Total Length 808 Km Pipeline Dia. 36 Inch Contracted Cap. 12 bcma 22

23 NABUCCO GAS PIPELINE PROJECT GERMAN RWE HAS BEEN THE 6TH PROJECT PARTNER IN 2008 IGA HAS BEEN SIGNED ON 13 JULY 2009 AT THE NABUCCO SUMMIT IN ANKARA TECHNICAL FEATURES Total Length 3300 Km Pipeline Dia Inch Max.Capacity 31 bcma NEGOTIATIONS ARE UNDERWAY TO SIGN PSA START OF OPERATION BY

24 GAS SUPPLY & TRANSIT POTENTIAL (2020) Transbalkan 14 BCM Bluestream BCM Azerbaijan Turkmenistan Kazakhistan BCM POTENTIAL TRANSIT DOMESTIC DEMAND POTENTIAL SUPPLY BCM 66 BCM BCM Iran BCM LNG 12 BCM Egypt-Iraq BCM 24

25 Thank You 25

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