COMMUNICATING WITHOUT WORDS FOR PUBLIC AND OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY IN A TALKATIVE WORLD

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "COMMUNICATING WITHOUT WORDS FOR PUBLIC AND OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY IN A TALKATIVE WORLD"

Transcription

1 COMMUNICATING WITHOUT WORDS FOR PUBLIC AND OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY IN A TALKATIVE WORLD Barigbon Gbara Nsereka, Ph.D Department of Mass communication, Faculty of Management Sciences Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo Port Harcourt, Nigeria Amadi Richard Nlemanya Ph.D Department of Mass communication, Faculty of Management Sciences Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo Port Harcourt, Nigeria Abstract In the face of the increasing need for public and occupational safety consequent on the rising incidence of hazards from industrial processes and environmental pollution, this paper seeks to contribute to the sustenance of life in society through its postulation of wordless (nonverbal) communicative practices. To accomplish this objective, it does an exposition of communication, mainly non-linguistic, reviews the strengths of nonverbal communication over verbal communication and discusses the functions and forms of nonverbals. Highlighting the importance of communication to the security of life and property, it mentions some settings of safety and unsafe situations. It then takes a look at how nonverbals like signals, signs, coded language, sign language, body language and colour, can be used to promote safety in such specialized endeavours as intelligence activities, marine traffic control, dredging, crane operation, fire-fighting and road traffic; and makes appropriate recommendations. Key words: Communicating, Nonverbal communication, Public safety, Occupational safety, Talkative world. 1. Introduction The simple, soft and sophisticated communication of messages across the world today has resulted into a heavy weight of information upon the globe. The information overload or information glut being experienced, flows in from the conventional print and broadcast media, the streaming media, cable transmissions and the various social communication platforms in cyberspace. The cyberspace, we know, is enabled by the Internet which is a vast and versatile web of information that serves as a library, a notice board, a messaging system, a shop front, a debating society, a social club, an archive, a newspaper and personal assistant, all at once. Thus, observably, ours is the most talkative age in human civilization. IIARD International Institute of Academic Research and Development Page 1

2 In such a noisy world, it can, we believe, be a wonderful idea to take a break from the hullabaloo of speech and, sometimes, do more than talk. It could be a lot of fun and energysaving. After all, is variety not a spice of life? 1.1 Wordless communicative Acts When the driver of the taxicab in front of you switches on the indicator light leftwards, you immediately know he or she is turning to the left-hand side of the road. Communication has taken place. When you obey highway codes, you are involved in communication. When a bird chirps on the nearby tree, a dog barks around the corner, a kitten mews, a cock crows or a bee dances ritually, certain messages come to one s mind. Could this bird or animal have communicated to one and other creatures around? Can one give meanings to these sounds or acts? If the answer is yes, then communication is on. When a man walks past without a word or greeting, when a lover breathes softly or talks in whispers and when a wife returns home to receive a cold welcome from the husband, do we have some kind of feelings or thought? If we do, then the art of communication is at play. The rustling of leaves in the bush or of flowers at home, is a communicative activity. Keeping silent - as evidence of powerlessness, to resist the urge to express anger, to show reverence and love, to concede an argument as the proverbial answer to a fool, to indicate a lack of interest in the matter at stake, as a manifestation of injured feelings or to tame pent-up emotions - is a communicative activity. 1.2 Communication: Definition and Explication Communication among humans at different levels is necessary to ensure that social, political, cultural and economic goals and objectives are attainable. In achieving these goals, we must know that commitment is built on trust, and that trust requires a two-way flow of communication. Communication is the exchange of messages between or among people for the purpose of achieving common meanings. Unless meanings are shared, it is extremely difficult to influence others. Communication, therefore, is a process by which information is transmitted through a common system of symbols, signs and behaviour. Various other definitions of the term communication have been given including the following by Emery, Ault & Agee (1976) which we have adopted as the operational one in this paper: IIARD International Institute of Academic Research and Development Page 2

3 Communication among human beings is the art of transmitting information, ideas and attitude from one person to another. One cannot not communicate. Because of the indispensability of communication to human survival, the first maxim of communication is: Man cannot not communicate. This means that man must communicate to be alive just as man must eat to live. Communication is vital to human existence and co-existence, giving meaning to human beings daily interactions. Man cannot avoid communicating even if he tries because human life depends on it. That is why even when there is no conscious effort to communicate, one does it. For instance, if you don t linguistically tell some little children disturbing your peace at your sitting-room to keep quiet but command them to be silent through a signal such as placing your forefinger vertically across your lips, you have communicated loudly to them. 2. A Profile of nonverbal Communication In tracing the origin of communication, UNESCO (1980) describes the nature of non-verbal communication: Starting with the simplest vocal and gesture signals rooted in their physical structure, human beings developed a whole range of non-verbal means for conveying messages: music and dance, drum messages, signal fires, drawings and other forms of graphic symbols including the pictogram (p.3). Verbal communication is the use of words or language written or spoken to communicate our ideas and feelings. On the other hand, nonverbal communication refers to those activities or actions that are neither written nor spoken, but are used to communicate such things as feelings, emotions, opinions and beliefs. That is to say, communication is nonverbal when it is transmitted through behaviours such as bodily actions and vocal qualities that typically accompany a verbal message and are usually interpreted as intentional (even if they are not) (Verderber, 1999, p. 77). Nonverbal communication behaviours are used regularly among members of a given culture or speech community and they (the behaviours) have agreed-upon interpretations (or meanings) in that culture or speech community (Burgoon, 1994). As used above, agreed-upon interpretations in a culture or speech community means IIARD International Institute of Academic Research and Development Page 3

4 that although people from around the world use many of the same nonverbals (i.e. nonverbal cues), interpretations given to those nonverbal acts vary according to cultures. 2.1 Functions of nonverbal Communication (NVC) As Adler and Rodman (1997) write, nonverbals are used to do the following: 1. Repeating messages: If someone asks me for a direction to the Faculty of Humanities block in University of Port Harcourt, I could say, It is a little distance from the Senate Building and then repeat my direction by pointing to Senate Building if it is within sight. 2. Substituting messages: Nonverbal communication may be used in place of a verbal message; e.g. nodding instead of saying yes. 3. Complementing messages: Nonverbal communication completes or reinforces a verbal message. An example is frowning when you are telling a friend that you are unhappy with what she has just done or scratching the head when telling a friend that you are trying to remember the name of your former school headmaster. 4. Accenting a message: Just as we can use italics or bold character to highlight or emphasize an idea in print, we similarly use nonverbal devices to emphasize an oral message. Shaking hands with a student when you are congratulating the student on having an excellent grade in your course or looking longingly into someone s eyes while saying I love you is an example. 5. Regulating a message: Nonverbal communication can be used to control the flow of the verbal message. A singer who wishes to end a song which is being sung could draw the song and bring down the tone of the voice to signal its ending. 6. Contradicting messages: Imagine a situation where a physician is asking a patient whether he has ever experienced nervousness (trembling of the body). The patient answers no; yet his hands are shaking violently, overly discrediting the answer. 2.2 Forms of nonverbal Communication IIARD International Institute of Academic Research and Development Page 4

5 Now that we have understood how nonverbal messages operate as a form of communication, let us look at the various forms of nonverbal behaviour. 1. Kinesics (the study of body communication). This is the technical name for facial expression, body movement, gesture and posture. There are five classes of body movements, namely: a. Emblems: These are substitutes for specific words or phrases such as shaking the head to mean no, nodding to mean yes or shrugging the shoulders to mean maybe. b. Illustrators: nonverbal behaviours used to accent or emphasize a verbal message c. Affect displays: facial movements that convey emotional meaning. d. Regulators: behaviours that control or monitor the speech of another individual; e.g. looking at the watch, shifting chairs, sighing. e. Adaptors: movements we make with our bodies (e.g. scratching or rubbing ourselves) or with objects (fondling with a pencil or our clothes) 2. Oculesics (the use of the eye to communicate) 3. Proxemics (the use of distance/space in communication) 4. Territoriality (the use of fixed space to communicate) 5. Haptics (tactile or touch communication) 6. Paralanguage or vocalics (vocal but nonverbal aspect of speech) 7. Chronemics (the use of time to communicate) 8. Clothing and personal grooming (communicating through clothing and personal carriage) 9. Silence (non-talk) 10. Objectifics (the use of material things within the environment to communicate certain messages) 2.3 Non-verbal Aspects of traditional Communication Traditional communication takes place in the following modes: IIARD International Institute of Academic Research and Development Page 5

6 (i) Demonstrative (ii) Instrumental (iii) Inconographic (iv) Extra-mundane (v) Visual (vi) Institutional 3. Signs, Signals, Symbols, Pictography, Sign Language, Colour Signs, signals and symbols three related components of communication processes found in all known cultures have attracted considerable scholarly attention because they do not relate primarily to the usual conception of words or language. (a)signs Ashley Montagu (1971), an anthropologist, defines signs as a concrete denoter (i.e. a physical pointer) possessing an inherent specific meaning, roughly analogous to the sentence, This is it; do something about it! The meanings expressed by signs are right inside them; that is, the sign points to what it means and not just provides a clue to what it means. The most common signs that we encounter in our daily life are pictures like a clenched fist and an outstretched arm. A hand posed in a stop gesture may also be called signs. (b) Signals A signal is merely a device by which one is able to formulate external meanings. It is any sound or object which provides a clue to the intended meaning. Unlike signs, the meaning of a signal is extrinsic, not intrinsic to it; that is to say, from what you see or hear, you make out a meaning. An example of a signal is a scream for help. The difference between signs and signals can be illustrated by the observation that while many types of animals respond to signals, only a few intelligent and trained ones (usually dogs and apes) can respond to simple signs. (c) Symbols Symbols are more difficult to understand than signs and signals. To avoid any mental confusion arising from understanding the difference between sign or signal and symbol, let us IIARD International Institute of Academic Research and Development Page 6

7 just say in a layman s language that the term symbol is a device or something which is used to represent an abstraction. (d) Sign Language This is any means of communication through bodily movements, especially of the hands and arms, used when spoken communication is impossible or not desirable. Wherever vocal communication is impossible as between speakers or mutually unintelligible languages or when one or more would-be communicators is a deaf-mute, sign language can be used to bridge the gap. Members of religious orders who have taken vows of silence, as well as others who for reasons of piety or humility have forsworn speech, have need of sign language. Often, in a silent monastic order, for instance, natural gestures such as passing food or pointing to some needed object have sufficed for effective communication, leaving little need for specially coded signs. (e) Pictographs Pictography is the art of expressing oneself and communicating by means of pictures and drawings. Pictographs that are drawn or painted on rocks are known as petrograms while those that are incised or carved on rocks are called petroglyphs. A pictograph that stands for an individual idea or meaning may be called an ideogram. If a pictograph stands for an individual word, it is called a logogram. Pictographs are also used as memory aids. (f) Colour Different colours have different meanings depending on the culture of the communicators and on the contexts of communication. Psychologically, colour may evoke feelings of warmth, quietness and cheerfulness( Agba & Okoro, 1995). In one context, green may mean fertility and in another, permission to continue. Red means stop or wait while amber or light yellow means be ready to move. In the broadcast studio, red light indicates that a programme is on air and so there should be no loitering. Green means move cautiously along. 4. Public and occupational Safety: An Exposition IIARD International Institute of Academic Research and Development Page 7

8 Safety precautions fall under two principal headings: occupational safety and public safety. Occupational safety is concerned with risks encountered in areas where people work: offices, manufacturing plants, farms, construction sites, and commercial and retail facilities. Public safety involves hazards met in the home, in travel and recreation, and other situations not falling within the scope of occupational safety ( Encyclopedia Britannica, Deluxe Edition, CD-ROM, 2004). Safety was not considered to be a matter of public concern in ancient times when accidents were regarded as inevitable or as the will of the gods. Modern notions of safety developed only in the 19 Century as an outgrowth of the Industrial Revolution, when a terrible toll of factory accidents aroused humanitarian concern for their prevention. Today, the concern for safety is worldwide and is the province of numerous governmental and private agencies at the local, national, and international levels. Industrial accidents can occur because of improper contact with machinery, the lifting or other handling of bulk materials, and contact with electrical, chemical, or radiation hazards. The mining and lumbering industries are among those that have the highest rate of severe accidents. High-technology industries such as electronics have relatively low accident rates. Several international organizations provide means by which national safety organizations can exchange information and pass on new ideas. Among the bodies serving in this capacity are the International Social Security Association (ISSA) and the International Labour Organization (ILO). These two bodies have sponsored international safety congresses every three years since Every four years, a congress is held by the Permanent International Association of Road Congress, a body that is maintained by the transport ministries of its member countries and by groups representing the highway construction industry. The World Touring and Automobile Organization (OTA) holds a safety congress every other year. 5. Communication in Safety Stripped of all technicalities, safety means freedom from danger, harm, hurt, uncertainty, misfortune, accident, evil or insecurity. Safety embraces those activities that seek either to minimize or to eliminate hazardous conditions that can cause bodily injury or even death. IIARD International Institute of Academic Research and Development Page 8

9 In this paper, we are not as much concerned with the phenomenon or concept of safety as with how to use communication, mainly nonverbal, to enhance safety or to escape danger (an unsafe situation). A discussion of the nitty-gritty of safety in various respects is left for safety experts. By communication in safety, we mean the application of communication principles, processes and methods to safety management. Communicating to enhance safety in a particular setting or to ask for help to escape danger involves both linguistic and nonlinguistic activities. Verbal communication media which are employed to transmit safety messages include face-to-face interaction, printed materials, radio, telephone, walkie-talkie, television, video-conferencing and teleconferencing, and other new technological communication devices. Here, we shall concern ourselves more with coded language and nonvocal communication forms like signs, signals, symbols, colour and sign language all of which could also be employed where speech is difficult or unsafe. 5.1 Settings of Safety Safety precautions and communication to avoid or escape danger are necessary in various settings. These include office, environment, home, workshop, sea, air, road, fail, forest, industry and production plant. 5.2 Unsafe Situations and Hazards These situations include accidents, health hazards, and emergencies that require first aid treatment. Below are some of the unsafe situations which cut across the various safety settings: (1) Burns and scalds (2) drowning (3) bleeding (4) electric shock (5) food poisoning (6) fractures or dislocations (7) snake bite (8) dog bite (9) cuts and sprains(violent twisting of a joint) (10) particles in the eye (11) a fall from a height (12) fainting (13) epilepsy (14) hemorrhage (16) lightning (17) ozone depletion (18)global warming (19) (20) tsunami (21) pollution of the environment (air) caused by exhaust fumes, cigarette smoke and industrial pollutants (22) air pollution (23) water pollution caused by sewage, industrial IIARD International Institute of Academic Research and Development Page 9

10 waste, fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides (24) sea pollution resulting from the escape of crude oil and (25) radioactivity. 5.3 Basic Facts on unsafe Situations:(21-25 above) (a)pollution means a situation in which substances have been put into the environment by man in sufficient concentration to cause damage to health. (b) Industrial pollution occurs when harmful fumes and gases from industrial processes are discharged into the atmosphere and when harmful chemicals are discharged into rivers. (c) Exhaust fumes from cars and lorries contain cancer-causing chemicals. The smoke breathed out by people smoking cigarettes is harmful to those non-smokers who breathe it in. (d)raw sewage pollutes rivers and lakes into which it is discharged, partly because it may contain pathogens and partly by causing the reduction of dissolved oxygen in the water. (e) Fertilizers which seep into rivers and lakes cause pollution by speeding up the growth of micro-organisms. (f) Insecticides may control insect pests, but if these insects are eaten by other animals, then the insecticide may accumulate in the bodies of the predators and kill them also. (g) Radioactivity is a pollutant because it damages cells and may kill organisms (Mackean & Jones, 1983). There are hazards in process plants. The chemicals used at the facility may be hazardous because they are flammable explosives, reactive, radioactive or toxic. Usually, these chemical hazards are in the form of mixtures, making it more difficult to identify the severity of the potential hazard. Mechanical and electrical hazards as well as industrial noise further complicate plant process operations. All of these hazards, no matter how complex, must be adequately identified through proper characterization of the hazards in order to arrive at a satisfactory solution to the problem. IIARD International Institute of Academic Research and Development Page 10

11 Fire outbreak is a hazard. According to Kisinger (1985), fire, which is a combustion process, is a complex chemical reaction between fuel, oxygen and ignition sources. As fuels are oxidized, there is an emission of heat and if the combustion process results in a rapid pressure rise, an explosion occurs. The following are the potential ignition sources (things that can spark fire) during industrial operations: (i) Electric sparks (ii) Smoking and matches (iii) Frictional heat (iv) Hot surfaces (iv) Overheated materials (v) Open flames (vi) Spontaneous heating (vii) Welding and cutting (viii) Combustion particles These sources are capable of releasing sufficient energy for enough duration to cause the initial chemical reaction for combustion to occur. Temperatures of the fuel and the ignition source can greatly influence the ignition (Kisinger, 1985, p.16). Occupational Safety and Health Act was created in the United States on December 29, The purpose of the Act is to reduce work-related injuries, illnesses and death and incidentally, to cut resulting costs - lost wages and productivity, medical expenses, disability compensation. 6. Communicating for Safety in Specialized Endeavours 6.1. Communicating for Safety in Marine Traffic Control Lightships and Lighthouses IIARD International Institute of Academic Research and Development Page 11

12 Communication between ships, for safety purposes, is vital both at sea and within the confined channels of inland waterways. The principal methods of transmitting a signal are visual (that is, by flag, semaphore or light) or aural (by means of horns or radio) The control of ships near coasts is facilitated both for warning and navigational purposes, by the use of lightships and lighthouses. A lightship is a small ship that stays at a particular place at sea and that has a powerful light on it to warn and guide other ships while a lighthouse is a tower or other building that contains a strong light to warn and guide other ships near the coast. Channels on the approach to ports are clearly marked by floating buoys, usually fitted with lights and equipped with sound signals (horns, bells, and whistles) for use in bad weather or at night. The proper provision of buoys and beacons, anchored in their correct positions and their subsequent maintenance is essential for control and safety purposes. Distress Signal at Sea A distress signal is a method by which a ship at sea summons assistance. Distress signals are fixed by custom and by internationally agreed-upon sea traffic rules. Of the most important rules, two are: (i) (ii) that there should be visual signals such as a flame, a red flare, an orange smoke signal or a square flag displayed with a ball below; and sound signals such as a gun rocket fired at regular intervals or a continuous sounding of a fog-signal apparatus. 6.2 Communicating for Safety in Dredging Activity An interview conducted with a former dredging master in the defunct Wilbros (Nig.) Ltd. revealed the following information on communication for safety in dredging: 1. If a dredging master wants to drop an anchor, he uses a whistle to inform the derrick operator to come and help drop the anchor in case the dredger does not have an anchor boom. IIARD International Institute of Academic Research and Development Page 12

13 2. Blowing a horn once means inviting a deck hand (man that helps derrick badger operator) to come and run errands. 3. Blowing the horn twice means asking the derrick operator to pick up the anchor. 4. Blowing the horn once but long means communicating with the derrick operator to drop the anchor. The above signals vary with the environment involved. 5. Torchlight may be used by a waiting worker to inform those on the dredger that he needs to come to the dredger or enter the tug boat. 6. The house boat has an alarm to inform people of an emergency. 6.3 Colour Communication for Safety In Shell (SPDC) and in the defunct Wilbros Nig. Ltd; all lifting pieces of equipment which have been certified safe for use for a maximum period of three months are colour coded. The colour code in current use is displayed in a prominent position at each location. The code is changed on completion of a three-monthly thorough examination. The following colours are and were used in succession for coding in Shell (SPDC) and in the defunct Wilbros Nig. Ltd respectively: SPDC(Shell) Wilbros Duration White Yellow January-March Red Green April June Yellow White July-September Black Blue October December IIARD International Institute of Academic Research and Development Page 13

14 Cranes are colour coded twice in a year: from January to June and from July to December. 6.4 Communicating for Safety in Road Traffic It is a well known fact that the incidence of accidents on Nigerian roads is outrageous partly because of the poor state of the roads and chiefly because of recklessness and impatience in Nigerians. To curb the rate of accidents and ensure the safety of life on our roads, such efforts as establishing the Federal Road Safety Commissions and Federal Road Maintenance Authority (FERMA) have been made besides the use of communicative road signs. Traffic lights are also installed at very busy junctions. 7. Conclusion and Suggestion As Ndolo (2006) writes, while verbal communication is discrete and begins and ends with a sound, nonverbal communication is continuous as long as the communication partners are present. Verbal communication is single-channelled as words come out one at a time and in sequence. We hear spoken words and see printed or written words. Nonverbal communication is multi-channelled. They may be seen, heard, felt, smelled and tasted. There is, therefore, more communication with nonverbals. Verbal communication is almost always under the communicator s voluntary control as it is deliberate. Most nonverbals are not deliberate; in fact they are at times a reflex action. If this is the case, for safety purposes, people should voluntarily further explore the world of nonverbals. References Adler, R.B. & Rodman, G. (1997). Understanding human communication(6th Ed.) Fort Worth: Holt, Rinehart and Winston Inc. IIARD International Institute of Academic Research and Development Page 14

15 Agba, P.C. & Okoro, M.N. (1995). Fundamentals of graphic communication. Enugu: ACENA Publishers. Emery, E; Ault, P.H; & Agee, W.K.(1976). Introduction to mass communication. New York: Harper and Row. Encyclopedia Britannica (Deluxe Edition), CD-ROM, Hall, E. (1959). The silent language. New York: Doubleday. Kisinger J.L. (1985). Source of ignition, fire protection manual 1: Hydrocarbon processing. Houston: Gulf Publishing. Montagu, A. (1971). Touching: The human significance of the skin. New York: Harper and Row. Ndolo, I.S. (2006). Interpersonal communication: Selected readings in relationship. Enugu: Rhyce Kerex Publishers. Samuel, P.S; Fasuyi, O.O. & Njoku, P.A (1989). A new tropical health science for senior secondary schools. London; Macmillan Publishers. Simon I. C. (2003) Boys Brigade workshop paper delivered at Second Advanced Trainers Course, Makurdi. Tubbs, S.L. & Moss, S. (1987). Human communication. New York: McGraw-Hill Inc. Wentz, C. A (nd) Safety, health and environmental protection. Boston: WBC McGraw Hill Wilson, D. (1997). Communication and social action. Port Harcourt: Footstep Publications. IIARD International Institute of Academic Research and Development Page 15

STORE HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES SAFELY. incompatibles gas cylinders

STORE HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES SAFELY. incompatibles gas cylinders STORE HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES SAFELY Suitable containers incompatibles gas cylinders Oxy-Acetylene welding flammable substances 35 36 STORE HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES SAFELY STORE HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES SAFELY Storing

More information

Fry Instant Word List

Fry Instant Word List First 100 Instant Words the had out than of by many first and words then water a but them been to not these called in what so who is all some oil you were her sit that we would now it when make find he

More information

68 Metal Industry Guidelines for Safe Work

68 Metal Industry Guidelines for Safe Work 3 68 Metal Industry Guidelines for Safe Work section 3 high-risk 3 activities Metal Industry Guidelines for Safe Work 69 section 3 high risk activities 3.1 working at heights Falls from heights have been

More information

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words The Fry list of 600 words are the most frequently used words for reading and writing. The words are listed in rank order. First Hundred Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group

More information

Emergency Procedures. Emergency Phone Numbers. Unisafe (Security) (07) 838 4444 or extension 4444 Police, Fire Service or Ambulance 1-111

Emergency Procedures. Emergency Phone Numbers. Unisafe (Security) (07) 838 4444 or extension 4444 Police, Fire Service or Ambulance 1-111 Facilities Management Emergency Procedures Unisafe Guidelines for managing emergency situations Unisafe (Security) (07) 838 4444 or extension 4444 Police, Fire Service or Ambulance 1-111 Emergency Phone

More information

HAZARD COMMUNICATION & THE GLOBAL HARMONIZING SYSTEM EMPLOYEE TRAINING

HAZARD COMMUNICATION & THE GLOBAL HARMONIZING SYSTEM EMPLOYEE TRAINING HAZARD COMMUNICATION & THE GLOBAL HARMONIZING SYSTEM EMPLOYEE TRAINING This easy-to-use Leader s Guide is provided to assist in conducting a successful presentation. Featured are: INTRODUCTION: A brief

More information

Hazardous Substance Class Definitions & Labels

Hazardous Substance Class Definitions & Labels Hazardous Substance Class Definitions & Labels In the IMDG Code, substances are divided into 9 classes. A substance with multiple hazards has one 'Primary Class' and one or more 'Subsidiary Risks'. Some

More information

Hazardous materials can be silent killers. Almost every household and workplace has varying amounts of chemicals that, if spilled or combined, will

Hazardous materials can be silent killers. Almost every household and workplace has varying amounts of chemicals that, if spilled or combined, will HAZARDOUS MATERIALS Hazardous materials can be silent killers. Almost every household and workplace has varying amounts of chemicals that, if spilled or combined, will cause great harm and even death.

More information

Hazardous materials can be silent killers. Almost every household and workplace has varying amounts of chemicals that, if spilled or combined, will

Hazardous materials can be silent killers. Almost every household and workplace has varying amounts of chemicals that, if spilled or combined, will HAZARDOUS MATERIALS Hazardous materials can be silent killers. Almost every household and workplace has varying amounts of chemicals that, if spilled or combined, will cause great harm and even death.

More information

TECHNICAL INFORMATION

TECHNICAL INFORMATION Page: 1/6 This checklist recognizes the major accident hazards found by experience of previous HAZID studies. It is not intended to be totally exhaustive and feedback from users should be incorporated

More information

Young Workers Health & Safety Workshop

Young Workers Health & Safety Workshop Young Workers Health & Safety Workshop Our goal is to give you the health and safety awareness you need to protect yourself and your fellow workers. SUMMER JOBS SERVICE Why? Because an average of 36 young

More information

Hazardous Material Waller County ARES training material used with permission from Christine Smith, N5CAS.

Hazardous Material Waller County ARES training material used with permission from Christine Smith, N5CAS. Hazardous Material Waller County ARES training material used with permission from Christine Smith, N5CAS. This discussion is really just meant to be an introduction to Hazardous Materials (HazMat). I would

More information

IN CASE OF EMERGENCY. Emergency Telephone Number 112

IN CASE OF EMERGENCY. Emergency Telephone Number 112 IN CASE OF EMERGENCY Emergency Telephone Number 112 Police, Fire, Ambulance Dial 112 in case of fire, medical emergency, serious or life threatening traffic or other accident. Tell the operator: What has

More information

FLA S FIRE SAFETY INITIATIVE

FLA S FIRE SAFETY INITIATIVE Improving Workers Lives Worldwide FLA S FIRE SAFETY INITIATIVE Preventing fires and saving lives by empowering workers and factory managers SCENARIO 1 OCCURS AT FACTORY ABC, WHICH HAS NOT IMPLEMENTED NECESSARY

More information

Interpersonal Communication Skills

Interpersonal Communication Skills Interpersonal Communication Skills Which one of the following traits is most predictive of success? 1. Intelligence 2. Education 3. Experience 4. Knowledge Not intelligence, education, experience, or knowledge

More information

This document was prepared for the Federal Emergency Management Agency s U.S. Fire Administration under contract number HSFE20-13-P-0275.

This document was prepared for the Federal Emergency Management Agency s U.S. Fire Administration under contract number HSFE20-13-P-0275. Family Guide This document was prepared for the Federal Emergency Management Agency s U.S. Fire Administration under contract number HSFE20-13-P-0275. For more information about the SESAME STREET Fire

More information

UNDERSTANDING AND RECOQNISING WORK SAFETY SYMBOLS

UNDERSTANDING AND RECOQNISING WORK SAFETY SYMBOLS UNDERSTANDING AND RECOQNISING WORK SAFETY SYMBOLS Work safety symbols are used across the world, including Australia and in many different industries to give a specific message to those who may be exposed

More information

Accidents/Incidents are Preventable

Accidents/Incidents are Preventable Section 4 Fundamentals of Accident/Incident Prevention Accidents/Incidents are Preventable Many people believe that accidents are the inevitable result of unchangeable circumstances, fate, or a matter

More information

Brain Injury: Stages of Recovery

Brain Injury: Stages of Recovery Brain Injury: Stages of Recovery Recovery after brain injury is a process that occurs in stages. Some people move quickly through the stages, while others make slow, but steady gains. The Rancho Los Amigos'

More information

Installation Instructions for Alarm Module Kit A043F059

Installation Instructions for Alarm Module Kit A043F059 Instruction Sheet 07-2013 Installation Instructions for Alarm Module Kit A043F059 1 Introduction The information contained within is based on information available at the time of going to print. In line

More information

Leading Causes of Wildfires in Oregon

Leading Causes of Wildfires in Oregon RANGERS will be able to: a. Identify safe procedures to prevent wildfires when burning debris; b. Identify safe procedures to prevent wildfires when using power equipment. Appropriate for ages 8-12 Overview:

More information

Safety Training Document for contractors working at the Boehringer Ingelheim sites in Ingelheim, Biberach, Dortmund and Hannover. As at: 01.03.

Safety Training Document for contractors working at the Boehringer Ingelheim sites in Ingelheim, Biberach, Dortmund and Hannover. As at: 01.03. Safety Training Document for contractors working at the Boehringer Ingelheim sites in Ingelheim, Biberach, Dortmund and Hannover As at: 01.03.2014 Tables of contents The company The sites in Ingelheim,

More information

Emergency Planning Guideline

Emergency Planning Guideline www.hh.net.nz Essential Emergency and Security Systems Supporting and Complimenting the Home s Fire Evacuation Scheme POLICY: To optimise emergency readiness REFERENCE: NZS 8143: 2002 NB: Management is

More information

VITAL CHOICES: DRINKING, DRIVING & SEAT BELTS

VITAL CHOICES: DRINKING, DRIVING & SEAT BELTS VITAL CHOICES: DRINKING, DRIVING & SEAT BELTS This easy-to-use Leader s Guide is provided to assist in conducting a successful presentation. Featured are: INTRODUCTION: A brief description of the program

More information

Fry Phrases Set 1. TeacherHelpForParents.com help for all areas of your child s education

Fry Phrases Set 1. TeacherHelpForParents.com help for all areas of your child s education Set 1 The people Write it down By the water Who will make it? You and I What will they do? He called me. We had their dog. What did they say? When would you go? No way A number of people One or two How

More information

A. a security guard B. a competent scaffold erector C. your boss D. the ship repair manager

A. a security guard B. a competent scaffold erector C. your boss D. the ship repair manager 01 If a worker is injured at work, he should. A. make sure it does not affect his work B. continue working until he is not able to C. go home to rest immediately without informing his employer or supervisor

More information

KINDERGARTEN SAFETY AND FIRST AID

KINDERGARTEN SAFETY AND FIRST AID KINDERGARTEN SAFETY AND FIRST AID SAFETY AND FIRST AID KINDERGARTEN LESSON: 1 THEME: PERSONAL SAFETY CONCEPT: IT IS IMPORTANT TO FOLLOW PERSONAL SAFETY RULES PREPARATION: 1. Enlarge or prepare an overhead

More information

1 Created by Medical Ambassadors International, Modesto CA. Communicating Cross Culturally

1 Created by Medical Ambassadors International, Modesto CA. Communicating Cross Culturally 1 Created by Medical Ambassadors International, Modesto CA. Communicating Cross Culturally Date: August 15, 2002 (1 HOUR) OBJECTIVES: 1. Participants will understand the complexities of cross cultural

More information

S1 Topic 9. Energy and Generating Electricity. Level: S1. Topic: Energy (Unit 4) Introduction:

S1 Topic 9. Energy and Generating Electricity. Level: S1. Topic: Energy (Unit 4) Introduction: S1 Topic 9 Energy and Generating Electricity Level: S1 Topic: Energy (Unit 4) Introduction: This set of ELA materials is designed for students whose academic ability is comparatively high. The whole unit,

More information

Chippewa County Courthouse Security Emergency Procedures. Dial 9 9 1 1 FIRE POLICE AMBULANCE

Chippewa County Courthouse Security Emergency Procedures. Dial 9 9 1 1 FIRE POLICE AMBULANCE Chippewa County Courthouse Security Emergency Procedures Dial 9 9 1 1 FIRE POLICE AMBULANCE Table of Contents Introduction... 2 Explosion... 3 Civil Disorder/Threat to Personal Safety... 4 Chemical Spill...

More information

Types of communication

Types of communication Types of communication Intra-personal Communication Intra-personal Communication is the kind of communication that occurs within us. It involves thoughts, feelings, and the way we look at ourselves. Because

More information

Valerie J. Yontz, RN BC, MPH, PhD H PEA Annual Conference September 9, 2011. Prepared by Valerie Yontz, PhD Public Health Faculty 9/9/11

Valerie J. Yontz, RN BC, MPH, PhD H PEA Annual Conference September 9, 2011. Prepared by Valerie Yontz, PhD Public Health Faculty 9/9/11 Valerie J. Yontz, RN BC, MPH, PhD H PEA Annual Conference September 9, 2011 Reaching Shared Meaning: I Thought You Understood http://www.barnesconti.com/programs/communication.html Section 1. Purpose.

More information

EMERGENCY ACTION, EVACUATION AND FIRE PREVENTION SAFETY PROGRAM

EMERGENCY ACTION, EVACUATION AND FIRE PREVENTION SAFETY PROGRAM EMERGENCY ACTION, EVACUATION AND FIRE PREVENTION SAFETY PROGRAM REGULATORY STANDARD: OSHA - 29CFR1910.36-29CFR1910.38-29CFR1910.157-29CFR1910.165 NFPA-10 BASIS: The OSHA Emergency Action Planning and the

More information

Emergency Management is responsible for coordinating the City of Houston s preparation for and response to emergency situations.

Emergency Management is responsible for coordinating the City of Houston s preparation for and response to emergency situations. CITY OF HOUSTON Office of Emergency Management October 2004 Emergency Management is responsible for coordinating the City of Houston s preparation for and response to emergency situations. Houston is exposed

More information

Notes. Material 1. Personal Protective Equipment 2.

Notes. Material 1. Personal Protective Equipment 2. 29CFR 1926.20(b)-Accident Reduction, 29CFR 1926.21- Safety Training & Education 29CFR 1926.20(a)-Unsafe Working Conditions 29 CFR 1910.132-138, the "Personal Protection Equipment" standard. & 20 CFR 1910.134

More information

Contents. 1. Legal Requirement 1. 2. Responsibility of Related Parties 2. 3. What are Confined Spaces 3. 4. Hazards Identification 4

Contents. 1. Legal Requirement 1. 2. Responsibility of Related Parties 2. 3. What are Confined Spaces 3. 4. Hazards Identification 4 Contents 1. Legal Requirement 1 2. Responsibility of Related Parties 2 3. What are Confined Spaces 3 4. Hazards Identification 4 5. Chemical Substances 6 6. Physical Hazards 7 7. Risk Assessment Report

More information

Examination questions: Basic Elements of Safety

Examination questions: Basic Elements of Safety Name candidate: Examination questions: asic Elements of Safety Event code: Proefexamen_Engels asisveiligheid Please read the following instructions carefully! This examination is comprised of 40 multiple-choice

More information

1992 3067 Prohibits the importation, supply or use of asbestos and asbestos materials. 2003 429

1992 3067 Prohibits the importation, supply or use of asbestos and asbestos materials. 2003 429 Summary of Current Health & Safety Laws of interest to enforcement in the service sector ie not including obscure laws about certain factory, mining or agricultural concerns. Nor including employment rights,

More information

SAFETY in the work area is a broad topic because of the

SAFETY in the work area is a broad topic because of the A Safe Place to Work SAFETY in the work area is a broad topic because of the many components of agricultural mechanics. Safety is protection from injury or loss. Injury can result from improper use of

More information

CVM Emergency Response Document. If EMERGENCY treatment is required call 911 or go to Mercy Health Center Emergency Room at 1823 College Avenue.

CVM Emergency Response Document. If EMERGENCY treatment is required call 911 or go to Mercy Health Center Emergency Room at 1823 College Avenue. Accidents or Injuries Tell your supervisor. CVM Emergency Response Document If EMERGENCY treatment is required call 911 or go to Mercy Health Center Emergency Room at 1823 College Avenue. Non-life threatening

More information

Safety signs and symbols

Safety signs and symbols Safety signs and symbols These signs are those prescribed in the Health and safety (safety signs and signals) regulations 1996, or by the CHIP regulations. They are recognised throughout the European Union

More information

Based on the initial size-up and any information available, Command will formulate an action plan to deal with the situation.

Based on the initial size-up and any information available, Command will formulate an action plan to deal with the situation. Hazardous Materials Response Clear Creek Fire Authority This plan provides a basic philosophy and strategic plan for hazardous materials situations. All Clear Creek Fire policies and procedures, unless

More information

Health & Safety at Work

Health & Safety at Work Ministry of Labour Worker Health & Safety at Work Prevention Starts Here Worker Health and Safety Awareness in 4 Steps This workbook belongs to: Contents 01 INTRODUCTION 03 STEP 1: GET ON BOARD 03 Everyone

More information

ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING AND INVESTIGATION PROCEDURE

ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING AND INVESTIGATION PROCEDURE ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING AND INVESTIGATION PROCEDURE Introduction 1. Accidents involving personal injuries, including staff, students and visitors etc. and/or property damage may occur on campus. Such

More information

Bicycle riding is a great way to get into shape

Bicycle riding is a great way to get into shape Bicycle riding is a great way to get into shape and have fun. To remain safe on Illinois roads, it is important to follow the same traffic safety laws that govern vehicle drivers. No amount of bicycle

More information

Bicycle Safety Quiz Answers Parental Responsibilities

Bicycle Safety Quiz Answers Parental Responsibilities Bicycle riding is a great way to get into shape and enjoy the outdoors. To remain safe on Illinois roads, it is important to follow the same traffic safety laws that govern vehicle drivers. No amount of

More information

WHMIS After GHS: Preparing for Change. Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety

WHMIS After GHS: Preparing for Change. Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety WHMIS After GHS: Preparing for Change Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety 1. About this publication WHMIS is changing. The substance of WHMIS (labels, MSDSs, and training) will remain, but

More information

SITE CONTRACTOR PROCEDURES

SITE CONTRACTOR PROCEDURES SITE CONTRACTOR PROCEDURES Asset Collection Type B Assets are considered High risk ; the site activities must be in accordance with Graysonline contractor procedures and are to be collected by appointment

More information

GREENWOOD INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL

GREENWOOD INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL GREENWOOD INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL EMERGENCY CRISIS MANAGEMENT PLAN REVISED ON DECEMBER 2011 Website: www.greenwood.sch.ae E-mail: info@greenwood.sch.ae Promulgation Statement Greenwood International School

More information

(1) work done by apprentices and students in connection with education; (2) work done by persons involved in employment measures;

(1) work done by apprentices and students in connection with education; (2) work done by persons involved in employment measures; Ministry of Social Affairs and Health Unofficial translation No. 738/2002 Occupational Safety and Health Act Chapter 1 Objectives and scope of application Section 1 Objectives The objectives of this Act

More information

Why Are You Interested In Lone Worker Safety? Have you had an incident involving a person working alone?

Why Are You Interested In Lone Worker Safety? Have you had an incident involving a person working alone? Why Are You Interested In Lone Worker Safety? Have you had an incident involving a person working alone? Do you feel there is a risk to a person working alone? Have you been asked by a regulatory agency

More information

Amazing AmMy Brain! DID YOU KNOW..

Amazing AmMy Brain! DID YOU KNOW.. My Amazing Brain! DID YOU KNOW... 3 Your Amazing Brain 4-5 How your Amazing Brain Works 6 7 Left Brain, Right Brain 8 Brain Facts 9 Senses 10 Look after your Brain 11 What Does a Brain Scientist Do? MY

More information

SURVIVE INSIDE: Employee Safety in Confined Spaces

SURVIVE INSIDE: Employee Safety in Confined Spaces SURVIVE INSIDE: Employee Safety in Confined Spaces This easy-to-use Leader s Guide is provided to assist in conducting a successful presentation. Featured are: INTRODUCTION: A brief description of the

More information

LESSON PLAN 1. Fire Science. Key Terms and Concepts. ash chemical reaction combustion Consumer Product Safety Commission endothermic exothermic

LESSON PLAN 1. Fire Science. Key Terms and Concepts. ash chemical reaction combustion Consumer Product Safety Commission endothermic exothermic LESSON PLAN 1 Fire Prevention Fire and Fire Prevention Combustion occurs when the three elements of the fire triangle heat, fuel and oxygen are present. Understanding this basic chemical reaction can help

More information

Confined Spaces. The National Food and Drink Manufacturing Conference October 2012

Confined Spaces. The National Food and Drink Manufacturing Conference October 2012 Confined Spaces The National Food and Drink Manufacturing Conference October 2012 Confined spaces A silent killer! What is a confined space Typical hazards Examples of confined space in the food and drink

More information

Entry Level Award in Workplace Hazard Awareness

Entry Level Award in Workplace Hazard Awareness Entry Level Award in Workplace Hazard Awareness Student resource sheets www.britsafe.org Membership Training Qualifications Audit and Consultancy Audit and Policy Consultancy and Opinion Policy Awards

More information

Management & Communication Skills

Management & Communication Skills Management & Communication Skills Author: David White This guide was prepared for the University of London by: D. White We regret that the author(s) is/are unable to enter into any correspondence relating

More information

User s Guide. Security Systems D220

User s Guide. Security Systems D220 User s Guide Security Systems D220 Table of Contents About This User s Guide... 3 Introduction... 3 Security System Basics... 4 Controlled Points... 5 24-Hour Points... 6 Keypad Keys... 6 Keypad Lights...

More information

Living Arts Institute @ School of Communication Arts Emergency Preparedness Plan. - Table of Contents -

Living Arts Institute @ School of Communication Arts Emergency Preparedness Plan. - Table of Contents - Living Arts Institute @ School of Communication Arts Emergency Preparedness Plan - Table of Contents - Purpose 1 Evacuation Procedures 2 Medical Emergency 3 Accident Report Form 4 Blood and Body Fluid

More information

You ve. life. ahead. you... So, safe. the of. job!

You ve. life. ahead. you... So, safe. the of. job! You ve So, got your play whole it safe life on ahead the of job! you... So, play it safe on the job! Getting a job anytime soon? Money isn t the only thing to think about. If you re under 18 and thinking

More information

FREDERICK-FIRESTONE FIRE PROTECTION DISTRICT STANDARD OPERATING GUIDELINES

FREDERICK-FIRESTONE FIRE PROTECTION DISTRICT STANDARD OPERATING GUIDELINES FREDERICK-FIRESTONE FIRE PROTECTION DISTRICT STANDARD OPERATING GUIDELINES Section 100.5.7.5 Employee Job Descriptions POSITION DESCRIPTION POSITION TITLE: RESERVE EMT/FIREFIGHTER JOB STATUS: VOLUNTEER,

More information

Risk management a practical approach

Risk management a practical approach Risk management a practical approach Introduction Preventing work related accidents and injuries is the primary concern for all those involved in health and safety. Work related accidents and injuries

More information

General Confined Space Awareness

General Confined Space Awareness Confined Spaces General Confined Space Awareness Confined spaces can be found in many industrial settings, from steel mills to paper mills, from shipyards to farms, and from public utilities to the construction

More information

Health and Safety Guidance

Health and Safety Guidance Health and Safety Guidance Guidance on the Classification, Labelling and Packaging (CLP) Regulations GUIDANCE/29/CLP/11 This guidance is aimed at those handling hazardous chemicals; from single substances

More information

WHY IS BREATHING SO IMPORTANT?

WHY IS BREATHING SO IMPORTANT? You need to breathe to stay alive. But how clean is the air you breathe? If you breathe dirty air, you are more likely to develop health problems and become ill. Plants and animals need clean air too.

More information

Workshop Self Inspection Checklist WORK01

Workshop Self Inspection Checklist WORK01 Workshop Self Inspection Checklist WORK01 General Mechanical Workshops Location Assessor Date This core checklist is provided by the Health and Safety Department as a template, which provides a basic framework

More information

15.281 Advanced Managerial Communication

15.281 Advanced Managerial Communication MIT OpenCourseWare http://ocw.mit.edu 15.281 Advanced Managerial Communication Spring 2009 For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: http://ocw.mit.edu/terms. Teaching Note

More information

Energy - Heat, Light, and Sound

Energy - Heat, Light, and Sound Science Benchmark: 06:06 Heat, light, and sound are all forms of energy. Heat can be transferred by radiation, conduction and convection. Visible light can be produced, reflected, refracted, and separated

More information

Question Specifications for the Cognitive Test Protocol

Question Specifications for the Cognitive Test Protocol Question Specifications for the Cognitive Test Protocol Core Questions These are the 6 disability questions to be tested in the interview. All of the other questions in the cognitive test protocol are

More information

YEAR 11 REVISION KEYCARD (Religion and Planet Earth)

YEAR 11 REVISION KEYCARD (Religion and Planet Earth) Essential revision: How was the earth created? In book of Genesis, says that God created the world in 6 days on 7 th, he rested Each day, God created something new: Day 1 light Day 2 Sky Day 3 land, sea

More information

Proposal Form - Commercial General Liability Insurance

Proposal Form - Commercial General Liability Insurance Toll Free Number 1800-209-5846 (1800-209-LTIN) Website www.ltinsurance.com Proposal Form - Commercial General Liability Insurance SMS LTI to 5607058 (56070LT) GUIDELINES TO FILL THE FORM (Information given

More information

Early Fire Detection & Condition Monitoring

Early Fire Detection & Condition Monitoring Early Fire Detection & Condition Monitoring Thermal Imaging Systems for Monitoring of Industrial Facilities in EX-/Non-EX-Zones Early Fire Detection of Large-Area Installations Thermal Condition Monitoring

More information

Descriptor. Employability Skills

Descriptor. Employability Skills HLTFA301B Descriptor Employability Skills Pre- /co-requisites Application Apply first aid This unit of competency describes the skills and knowledge required to provide first aid response, life support,

More information

Manufacturer/supplier information. Street/postbox: P.O. Box 15408

Manufacturer/supplier information. Street/postbox: P.O. Box 15408 Safety Data Sheet according to 91/155/EEC and ISO 11014-1 Date of printing: 07.02.2007 Page: 1/5 1. Identification of the substance/preparation and company Product Product name SikaGard 720 EpoCem Comp.B

More information

Presented by: Rich Perry Marsh Risk Consulting

Presented by: Rich Perry Marsh Risk Consulting Flammable and Combustible Liquids Presented by: Rich Perry Marsh Risk Consulting What s the Big Deal? Flammable and combustible liquids are easily ignited Ignite with explosive force Burn readily and give

More information

2015 Spring CE Conference for Social Workers

2015 Spring CE Conference for Social Workers Effective Crisis & Emergency Communication Management Charleston, West Virginia April 15, 2015 Presented by: Joe E. Richards, M.A.,WV8WVU Corporate & Organizational Communication Consultant Professional

More information

DANISH ENERGY AGENCY S GUIDELINES ON SAFETY- AND HEALTH RELATED CONDITIONS ON OFFSHORE INSTALLATIIONS, ETC. HEALTH & SAFETY CASES

DANISH ENERGY AGENCY S GUIDELINES ON SAFETY- AND HEALTH RELATED CONDITIONS ON OFFSHORE INSTALLATIIONS, ETC. HEALTH & SAFETY CASES DANISH ENERGY AGENCY S GUIDELINES ON SAFETY- AND HEALTH RELATED CONDITIONS ON OFFSHORE INSTALLATIIONS, ETC. HEALTH & SAFETY CASES REV. 0 December 2012 TABLE OF CONTENT TABLE OF CONTENT... 2 DOCUMENT CONTROL...

More information

Chapter 2: Forms of Energy

Chapter 2: Forms of Energy Chapter 2: Forms of Energy Goals of Period 2 Section 2.1: To describe the forms of energy Section 2.2: To illustrate conversions from one form of energy to another Section 2.3: To define the efficiency

More information

2015-16 Canyon Rim Academy Emergency Preparedness Plan

2015-16 Canyon Rim Academy Emergency Preparedness Plan 2015-16 Canyon Rim Academy Emergency Preparedness Plan I. EMERGENCY TEAM MEMBERS... 2 II. EMERGENCY TEAM DUTIES... 2 III. OTHER PERSONNEL DUTIES... 3 IV. COMMAND CENTER... 3 V. COMMUNICATIONS... 3 VI.

More information

Internal and External Accident Incident Reporting

Internal and External Accident Incident Reporting Phoenix Community Care Ltd Policy & Procedure Internal and External Accident Incident Reporting Version Written Updated Scheduled Review Date Author 1 2008 2008 2009 Anne Spriggs 2 2010 2013 Angela Kelly

More information

Mechanical Systems Competency 1.20

Mechanical Systems Competency 1.20 Competency 1.20 Mechanical systems personnel shall demonstrate a working level knowledge of the safety and health fundamentals of mechanical systems and/or components. 1. Supporting Knowledge and Skills

More information

DEFENSIVE DRIVING. It s an Attitude

DEFENSIVE DRIVING. It s an Attitude DEFENSIVE DRIVING It s an Attitude RLI Design Professionals Design Professionals Learning Event DPLE 155 July 15, 2015 RLI Design Professionals RLI Design Professionals is a Registered Provider with The

More information

Carbon monoxide. General information

Carbon monoxide. General information Carbon monoxide General information Key Points Fire Flammable gas May react violently with other substances Use fine water spray with normal fire-fighting clothing and breathing apparatus Health Toxic

More information

Building and Construction

Building and Construction Checklist for enterprises to use in their workplace assessment Building and Construction Introduction This checklist is a tool for enterprises to use when preparing their workplace assessment (WPA). All

More information

FIREFIGHTER City of Madison Heights Notice of Examination to Establish Eligibility List For Firefighter

FIREFIGHTER City of Madison Heights Notice of Examination to Establish Eligibility List For Firefighter FIREFIGHTER City of Madison Heights Notice of Examination to Establish Eligibility List For Firefighter REQUIREMENTS: Applicants must be able to perform the essential functions of the job, as listed in

More information

HealthandSafetyOntario.ca. What is a work permit? Why use a work permit? Types of work permits. When is a work permit needed?

HealthandSafetyOntario.ca. What is a work permit? Why use a work permit? Types of work permits. When is a work permit needed? work permits What is a work permit? A work permit is a written form used to authorize jobs that expose workers to serious hazards. It identifies the work to be done, the hazards involved, and the necessary

More information

Example risk assessment for a motor vehicle mechanical repair workshop

Example risk assessment for a motor vehicle mechanical repair workshop Example risk assessment for a motor vehicle mechanical repair workshop Setting the scene The garage manager did the risk assessment. The business employed 12 mechanics, including two apprentices who carried

More information

Purpose: To acquire language and the ability to communicate successfully with others

Purpose: To acquire language and the ability to communicate successfully with others Purpose: To acquire language and the ability to communicate successfully with others The language development and communication domain involves the development of the ability to use language to communicate

More information

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY RISK ASSESSMENT PROGRAM FOR AGRICULTURE

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY RISK ASSESSMENT PROGRAM FOR AGRICULTURE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY RISK ASSESSMENT PROGRAM FOR AGRICULTURE Definitions of Commonly Used Terms in Risk Management Hazard: anything, including a work practice or procedure, that causes, or has

More information

LEADERSHIP. Project Management and Leadership 2016

LEADERSHIP. Project Management and Leadership 2016 LEADERSHIP Project Management and Leadership 2016 25.04.2016 When the best leader's work is done the people say: We did it ourselves. Lao Tzu (604BC 531BC) A lot of times, people don't know what they

More information

exit routes and fire protection

exit routes and fire protection exit routes and fire protection OSHA 11 Exit Routes and Fire Protection Osha 11 Exit Routes and Fire Protection Exit routes and fire protection Learning Objectives By the end of this lesson, students will

More information

Looking after health, safety and welfare at work

Looking after health, safety and welfare at work Looking after health, safety and welfare at work Clocking In to Clocking Out Improving workplace basic education Published by: FÁS National Adult Literacy Agency (NALA) Skills for Work 76 Lower Gardiner

More information

Compressed Gas Cylinder Storage and Handling Guide

Compressed Gas Cylinder Storage and Handling Guide Overview Compressed gas cylinders are used in many workplaces to store gases that vary from extremely flammable (acetylene) to extremely inert (helium). Many compressed gas cylinders are stored at extremely

More information

RESCUE PLAN FOR THE BUILDING RETRODORM. CREATED BY: 11 July 2012 Turku Municipal Facilities Corporation Yliopistonkatu 27

RESCUE PLAN FOR THE BUILDING RETRODORM. CREATED BY: 11 July 2012 Turku Municipal Facilities Corporation Yliopistonkatu 27 RESCUE PLAN FOR THE BUILDING RETRODORM CREATED BY: 11 July 2012 Turku Municipal Facilities Corporation Yliopistonkatu 27 Basic information of the property Name of property Retrodorm Address of property

More information

MODERN DRIVING HAZARDS: ROAD RAGE, CELL PHONES & OTHER DANGERS

MODERN DRIVING HAZARDS: ROAD RAGE, CELL PHONES & OTHER DANGERS MODERN DRIVING HAZARDS: ROAD RAGE, CELL PHONES & OTHER DANGERS This easy-to-use Leaders Guide is provided to assist in conducting a successful presentation. Featured are: INTRODUCTION: A brief description

More information

USER INSTRUCTIONS CONTENTS

USER INSTRUCTIONS CONTENTS CONTENTS Full Set [1]...2 Part Set [2]...2 Night Set [3]...3 Unsetting...3 Unsetting after or during an alarm...3 Testing the system [5]...3 Isolating zones [6]...4 Reprogramming codes [8]...4 Chime facility

More information

Howard Gardner s Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Howard Gardner s Theory of Multiple Intelligences Howard Gardner s Theory of Multiple s Many of us are familiar with three general categories in which people learn: visual learners, auditory learners, and kinesthetic learners. Beyond these three general

More information

Factory owners must ensure the boiler is:

Factory owners must ensure the boiler is: Factory owners must ensure the boiler is: * Registered with the Boilers and Pressure Vessels Division, Labour Department * Examined by an appointed examiner and has a valid certificate of fitness * Supervised

More information

Uncontrolled if Printed

Uncontrolled if Printed Hazard Table Hazard Types Any Hazard Kinetic / Mechanical Gravitational Thermal and/or Explosive Electrical Pressurised Chemicals / Substances Radiation Biological Manual Handling / Postural Noise and/or

More information

RISK MANAGEMENT. RISK MANAGEMENT chapter 4 CONTENTS. Overview... 45. Risks... 45. Choosing science activities... 46

RISK MANAGEMENT. RISK MANAGEMENT chapter 4 CONTENTS. Overview... 45. Risks... 45. Choosing science activities... 46 RISK MANAGEMENT CONTENTS Overview... 45 Risks... 45 Choosing science activities... 46 Safety awareness and education... 48 RISK MANAGEMENT chapter 4 Overview All activities involve potential risks, however,

More information