1 ASK THE CAR WHAT HAPPENED Reconstructing traffic accidents through the use of a vehicle s black box technology. Christie Swiss Attorney at Law Collins Collins Muir + Stewart LLP Oakland South Pasadena Orange San Diego ccmslaw.com (760) Marc Hammarström Accident Reconstructionist Incident Forensics Pasadena incidentforensics.com (626)
2 ASK THE CAR WHAT HAPPENED TODAY S OBJECTIVES Gain a basic understanding of how accident reconstructionists obtain data from a vehicle and what information the vehicles yield; Understand how the information gained from a vehicle may be used in a lawsuit; Understand how public entities may gain access to critical vehicle information for use in litigation
3 ASK THE CAR WHAT HAPPENED TODAY S OBJECTIVES History of Event Data Recorders Accessing the information on EDRs Understanding the information accessed Case studies
4 ASK THE CAR WHAT HAPPENED How did you do that?
5 Event data recorders not a new idea. Black Box Invented in 1953 by Dr. David Warren of the Aeronautical Research Laboratories in Melbourne, Australia. Early versions could record up to four hours of voice and instrument data on a steel foil. It was initially rejected by the Australian aviation community for privacy issues, but was made mandatory in Australia in Dr. Warren with a prototype of the black box
6 Event data recorder A vehicle Black Box or event data recorder (EDR) is a device that can record information from a vehicle immediately before, during and after an impact. NHTSA estimates that about: 64% of 2005 vehicles had EDRs installed. 96% of 2013 vehicles had EDRs installed. Most airbag control modules have the ability to record data, making them EDRs. They do not record until after an impact They do not record audio or video
7 Modern vehicle event data recorders have their history tied to the airbag. Event data recorder In 1990 vehicles were required to have either an automatic seat belt or a driver side airbag. Driver side airbags became mandatory for passenger vehicles from 1995.
8 Who Owns the Data? CA Vehicle Code 9951 Requires disclosure of EDR sensing diagnostic modules Prohibits download of data except: With owner s consent Court order Vehicle safety research Diagnosing, servicing, or repairing vehicle Challenges Obtained legally? Warrant, court order, consent Spoliation? Evidence preserved properly 2015 FALL CONFERENCE
9 General list of vehicle brands having EDRs
10 Where do EDRs live Modern vehicles have a multitude of electronic control modules that are linked together via a vehicle s Controller Area Network or CAM. AA1Car.com
11 Event data recorder Airbag control models have different names General Motors: Sensing Diagnostic Module, SDM. General Motors started installing airbag control modules in passenger vehicles mid-1990s. Daimler-Chrysler: Occupant Restraint Controller, ORC. Airbag information available as of General Motor SDM
12 Ford: Restraint Control Module, RCM. Event data recorder Ford started installing airbag control modules as early as Information is available in select vehicles starting model year Some Ford vehicles have information stored on their Powertrain Control Module (PCM). Ford PCM found in some Fords and Lincolns Ford RCM
13 EDR data and events The term Algorithm Enabled or AE AE is the time at which an airbag control module wakes up and starts running its programmed deployment decision making algorithm after detecting an acceleration greater than a preset threshold The execution of the algorithm will result in one of two events: Deployment Event Airbags and/or the seatbelt pretensioners or head restraints fired The system will attempt to lock this event in the EDR. If the vehicle is a Ford with a PCM, the airbag module with send a signal to the PCM to lock its data. Non-Deployment Event System did not deploy any supplemental restraints Data is usually not locked; it can be over-written over time.
14 How to access EDR data To retrieve the crash data, aka download or image the data, the retrieval tool needs to read the data stored within the EDR. There are two ways to do this: Connect directly to the airbag module, or powertrain control module. Use the vehicle s Diagnostic Link Connector (DLC) port, and talk to the EDR over the vehicle s controller area network system. Bosch s CDR tool can only read data, the software cannot alter or delete EDR data. Note: Data spoliation can occur if you incorrectly access PCM data or an airbag module where the data was not locked
15 Crash Data File The Bosch CDR software will save the data in a file with a CDRx file extension. The CDRx file is the file that contains the raw data and is important to save. When opened with the right software, the CDRx file will translate the data into a formatted report. This report is saved as a PDF file. The PDF is not the download! 1GCHK23698F****_ACM.CDRx
16 What does an EDR record? NHTSA Crash test 4464: 2003 CHEVROLET AVALANCHE
17 What does an EDR record? NHTSA 2003 Chevrolet Avalanche Crash Video
18 Crash Data Report general layout General file information Event Specific Data Pre-impact data Specific data about this airbag module
19 Post-impact data Crash Data Report (2003 CHEVROLET AVALANCHE ) Last pages show the actual hexadecimal data read off the EDR
20 Case: rear end collision A Volkswagen CC was slowing down for a vehicle in front of it. The driver of a Chevrolet Tahoe realized too late that the Volkswagen was slowing down. The Tahoe driver attempted to stop, but hit the back of the car. No airbags deployed. No physical evidence was available from the accident scene. Questions: How fast were the cars going? How hard was the Volkswagen hit?
21 Case: rear end collision Rear of the Volkswagen CC
22 Case: rear end collision Front of Chevrolet Tahoe
23 Case: rear end collision To solve this, I asked the Tahoe what happened. By knowing the velocity change on the Tahoe, you can calculate the velocity change on the Volkswagen Volkswagen experienced a forward acceleration of 5 mph to 6 mph The Chevrolet would be traveling approximately 8-9 mph faster than the Volkswagen at the time of impact
24 Case: rear end collision Pre-impact data can help see what the driver was doing 9 mph speed change between 1 to 2 seconds before impact 2 sec before impact driver was using the gas pedal Driver reacted between 1 and 2 seconds before impact 1 sec before impact using the brake pedal
25 Do all EDRs record the same data? Vehicles made before September 1, 2012 can record anything the manufacturer thought was prudent for their needs! In August 2006 NHTSA issued an EDR rule that standardizes the information EDRs collect. As of September 1, 2012; 49CFR563 applies. Code of Federal Regulation Title 49 Transportation Part 563 -Event Data Recorders 49CFR563 applies to vehicles: That are equipped with an event data recorder. (i.e. only if the car has one) That are manufactured on or after September 1, That are passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks, and buses with a GVWR 8,500 pounds or less. van-type trucks or vehicles designed to be sold exclusively to the U.S. Postal Service. Exception: walk-in
26 Basic requirements of 49CRF563 Requires devices defined as EDRs to record 15 data elements. EDRs may record additional information. The rules outline as many as 30 extra data elements that advanced EDRs may log. Vehicle manufacturers must ensure there are commercially available data retrieval tools. Vehicle manufacturers have to include a statement in the owner's manual telling consumers that their vehicle has an EDR. Recorders must be able capture the event, even if the power is lost during the crash. Must be capable of capturing multiple events.
27 49CFR required data elements Pre-impact information speed % engine throttle or pedal depressed brake on/off Post-impact information Forward and maximum change in speed Time of maximum change in speed occurred Airbag deployment time for driver and front passenger Number of crash events Time between first two crash events, if applicable System status Ignition cycle at crash and when the data was downloaded Seat belt status of driver (buckled/not buckled) Frontal airbag warning lamp (on/off) Complete file recorded (yes/no)
28 49CFR563 optional data elements Pre-impact information Lateral and maximum change in speed, Time for maximum lateral change in speed Engine rpm, ABS activity (engaged, non-engaged) Stability control (on, off, or engaged), Steering input Post-impact information Vehicle roll angle, Safety belt status, right front passenger (buckled, not buckled) Pretensioner deployment (time to fire), Side airbag, side-curtain deployment (time) System status Frontal air bag suppression switch status, right front passenger (on, off, or auto) Seat track position switch status for driver and right front passenger foremost. (Yes/No) Occupant size classification for driver; 5th percentile female (Yes/No)* Occupant size classification for right front passenger; child (Yes/No)** * 5 th percentile female: Defined by 49CFR572, subpart O. Per NHTSA 59.1 and 108 lbs. ** Child: Defined by 49CFR572, subpart N. Six-year-old child. Per NHTSA 45 and 51.6 lbs.
29 Case: vehicle brakes don t work Driver states he ran off the road after his brakes failed.
30 Case: vehicle brakes don t work
31 Case: three vehicle collision Explanation of the accident according to the driver of the black Chevrolet Sonic (V2) I was stopped behind the blue car (V3) and all of a sudden I was hit in the back and pushed into it.
32 Case: three vehicle collision Explanation of what really happened according to the driver of the white Chevrolet pickup. I was slowing down behind the black car that was also slowing down. Then it hit the blue car and I could not stop before I hit the black car.
33 Case: three vehicle collision Only have pictures of the Chevrolet Sonic. No airbags deployed in any of the vehicles. We have the Crash Data Retrieval (CDR) report from the Chevrolet Sonic.
34 Case: three vehicle collision Software version to retrieve data is not the same as the software version to read the data file. Two non-deployment events recorded!
35 Event Record 1 Ignition cycles at Event: 767 Time between events: not available Max recorded velocity change: 5 mph
36 Pre-impact information Vehicle braking Vehicle slowing at time of impact
37 Event Record 1 Graphic representation of speed gain due to impact. Hit in the rear and gained 5 mph
38 Event Record 2 Ignition cycles at Event: 767 Time between events: 0.89 sec Max recorded velocity change: -6 mph
39 Pre-impact information Notice: foot came off brake after first rear impact Vehicle traveling at 11 mph
40 Event Record 2 Graphic representation of speed loss due to impact. Struck car in front, lost 6 mph of speed
41 Case: three vehicle collision, summary Traveling at 6 mph, hit and gained 5 mph, now traveling at 11 mph Note: Second impact was larger than first Time gap between events was 0.89 sec or ~ 1 sec
42 Case: Stop sign A Chevrolet truck makes a right turn onto a 55 mph country road and was struck in the rear by a car. The driver of the truck stated that he stopped at his stop sign, then after checking for cars accelerated onto the road. The driver of the car said the truck came out of nowhere. He did not see the truck until right before impact. Question: Did the truck stop at the stop sign?
43 Case: Stop sign Police report provided the area of impact and where the vehicles came to rest after the accident. A reconstruction of the accident showed that the truck was traveling approximately 18 mph when it was struck in the rear. The car was then traveling approximately 60 mph.
44 Case: Stop sign The car had no EDR data that could be imaged, but the truck had a Non-Deployment event. Driver was accelerating for 3 seconds before impact Truck slowing from 18 mph to 11 mph then accelerated to 16 mph Driver was braking up to 4 seconds before impact
45 Case: Stop sign Plotting the truck position based on the pre-crash data Pickup truck clearly did not stop at the stop sign
46 Summary Accident Reconstruction EDR data can sometimes be the only physical evidence available to show circumstances surrounding a collision. EDRs are only useful in the context of the accident, a reconstruction is always needed. The latest Crash data retrieval vehicle coverage list can be found at: Litigation Strategy Discovery-ask for the right stuff! Vehicle inspection Event Data Recorder inspection Data from EDR CDRx file Crash Data Report Trial-what is your theme? Evidentiary issues Cross-examination of witnesses and experts
47 Questions? Marc Hammarström Accident Reconstructionist Incident Forensics Pasadena incidentforensics.com (626) Christie Swiss Attorney at Law Collins Collins Muir + Stewart LLP Oakland South Pasadena Orange San Diego ccmslaw.com (760)
EDR Q&As THE BASICS What is an EDR? What is its purpose? An Event Data Recorder (EDR) is a function or device installed in a motor vehicle to record technical vehicle and occupant information for a brief
Event Data Recorders: Black Box data sources in automobiles and trucks David J. King, PE Passenger vehicles and heavy duty trucks may electronically record valuable information when involved in a collision.
Event Data Recorder - Reference Document An Event Data Recorder (EDR) is a part of the Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) ECU that records data for some types of collision events for future safety research
Retrieving and Interpreting Data from Ford Powertrain Control Modules using the Bosch Crash Data Retrieval Tool Bruce F. McNally McNally & Associates Accident Reconstruction Services, LLC Background In
SAE Government and Industry Meeting Frontal Crash Protection Real World Experience with Event Data Recorders May 14, 2001 Augustus Chip Chidester John A. Hinch National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Introduction Automotive Black Box Data Recovery Systems By Don Gilman For years, airplane crash investigators have had the benefit of retrieving data from the flight-data recorder, or "black box." This
Impact and Damage Analyses of Motor Vehicle Accidents Commonly Asked Questions P.O. Box 10635 Tampa, Florida 33679 firstname.lastname@example.org General Overview Basic Terms in accident reconstruction and injury
Massachusetts State Police Collision Reconstruction Report CASE # Related Case# 2011-CAR-000556 2011-0C6-005536 Requesting Agency: MSP Holden Date Rec'd: 28 Dec 2011 Time Rec'd: 0800 Class: Traffic, Crash
The Speed Triangle (Momentum, Energy, PCM) Article by: Charlie Greear, David Thornburg, and Lee DeChant Police officers and accident reconstruction practitioners often use digital photography as a means
Event Data Recorders and Their Role in Automobile Accident Litigation by Jason A. Koch email@example.com 8519 Eagle Point Boulevard, Suite 100 Lake Elmo, Minnesota 55042-8624 (651) 290-6500 I. Event Data
Scott Moore & Associates Traffic Accident Reconstruction And Cause Analysis 31566 Railroad Canyon Road, Suite #2, PMB716, Canyon Lake, CA 92587 Tel: 626-622-3627 Fax: 951-244-5452 E-Mail: Collision@smatar.com
The Forensics Aspects of Event Data Recorders Jeremy S. Daily University of Tulsa 600 S. College Ave. Tulsa, OK 74104 918-631-3056 firstname.lastname@example.org Nathan Singleton University of Tulsa 600 S. College
Proceedings ITRN2014 4-5th September, LONG AND MAGUIRE: Accident Investigation THE USE OF AUTOMOTIVE EMBEDDED SYSTEMS FOR FORENSIC ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT ANALYSIS Mr. James Long Lecturer Dublin Institute
What is a definition of insurance? A system of protection against loss in which a number of individuals agree to pay certain sums for a guarantee that they will be compensated for a specific loss. Every
Michael Greenfield Crashteams VIRGINIA EAST 9947 Hull Street Road #272 Richmond, Virginia 23236-1412 (804) 464-1123 Mobile (602) 697-8930 Fax (804) 464-1137 Curriculum Vitae QUALIFICATIONS Qualified as
Recording Automotive Crash Event Data Augustus "Chip" Chidester, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration John Hinch, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Thomas C. Mercer, General Motors
International Working Group on Data Protection in Telecommunications 675.42.10 4 April 2011 Working Paper Event Data Recorders (EDR) on Vehicles Privacy and data protection issues for governments and manufacturers
Automotive Collision Injury Form Billing Information Patient name: Date of Injury: Time of injury: AM PM City and street where crash occurred: What is the estimated damage to your vehicle? $ Do you have
Investigating the Aggravated Vehicular Homicide Case A Guide for Wyoming Prosecutors Presented by: John Daily Teton County Sheriff s Office Jackson Hole Scientific Investigations, Inc Box 2206 Jackson,
Curriculum Vitae Paul Nowicki, P. Tech. (Eng.), ACTAR #826 Anderson Associates Consulting Engineers Inc. 4270 91A Street Edmonton, Alberta T6E 5V2 2 SUMMARY Mechanical Engineering Technology Graduate 1994.
BILLING INFORMATION Patient Name: Address: City, State, Zip: Telephone Number: Date of Injury: Time of Injury: AM PM City and street where crash occurred: Yes No Do you have automobile medical insurance
Assembling Claim Adjuster Notes and Other Unstructured Data for Data Analytics Applications Presented at CAS Ratemaking and Product Management Seminar March 22, 2011 (New Orleans) Presented by Philip S.
MOTOR VEHICLE COLLISION/PERSONAL INJURY QUESTIONNAIRE Please answer all questions completely: 1. Your name and address: 2. Phone Number: 3. In your own words, please describe the accident: 4. Where did
New Car Technology PURPOSE The purpose of this section is to; give basic knowledge of, and to set basic guidelines for handling a response to an incident pertaining to new car technologies including: Supplemental
Extended by 125 cm, the Volvo 960 becomes a real limousine, with two sofas facing each other inside the comfortable passenger compartment. The rear doors are wider than on the standard model, for added
ACCIDENTS AND NEAR-MISSES ANALYSIS BY USING VIDEO DRIVE-RECORDERS IN A FLEET TEST Yuji Arai Tetsuya Nishimoto apan Automobile Research Institute apan Yukihiro Ezaka Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and
UNDERSTANDING YOUR VEHICLE S What every driver and passenger should know This booklet was prepared to answer questions about seat belts, airbags, and other safety equipment in newer Honda and Acura vehicles.
SAMPLE VEHICLE FLEET SAFETY & USAGE POLICY Policy The purpose of this policy is to ensure the safety of those individuals who drive company vehicles and to provide guidance on the proper use of company
Virginia's Child Passenger Safety Laws Updated July 2010 VIRGINIA'S CHILD RESTRAINT DEVICE LAW (Code of Virginia Article 13 - Section 46.2) The major requirements of Virginia's Child Safety Seat Law: Child
WHAT TO DO Immediately After Being Involved in an Auto Accident BY EDDIE E. FARAH & CHARLIE E. FARAH, ATTORNEYS AT LAW If a person is seriously injured, do not move them unless they are in imminent danger.
501-20B-i Supplemental Restraint System 501-20B-i SECTION 501-20B Supplemental Restraint System CONTENTS PAGE DIAGNOSIS AND TESTING Air Bag and Safety Belt Pretensioner Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)...
1 Hybrid System Overview January 31, 2004 2 Chevrolet Silverado / GMC Sierra Models: Extended Cab Short Box, 2WD & 4WD Engine: VORTEC 5.3 Liter V-8 Transmission: 4-speed auto transmission Power: 295 hp
CURRICULUM VITAE OF CHRIS KAUDERER, BSME, ACTAR Rudy Degger and Associates, Inc., Mail to: 4804 Granite Drive., Suite F3-113, Rocklin, CA 95677 Bus: (877)944-5903 Fax (530)836-1673 Website: www.rudydegger.com
Damage Assessment Criteria for the Classification of Statutory Write-Offs The NMVTRC is an initiative of all Australian Governments and the Insurance Industry Austroads is the association of Australian
Golf Cart Safety Training Objectives CAC Golf Cart Procedures: Do s and Don ts How to report Mechanical Problems General Operation Controls Pre-Trip Inspection Starting the Golf Cart Golf Cart Procedures
NASDPTS POSITION PAPER THE EQUIPPING AND USE OF PASSENGER LAP/SHOULDER BELTS IN SCHOOL BUSES February, 2014 Introduction The National Association of State Directors of Pupil Transportation Services (NASDPTS)
ELECTRONIC CONTROL MODULE DATA IN LARGE TRUCK COLLISON ANALYSIS By Dennis F. Andrews & Rudy Limpert PC Brake Short Paper PCB 1-2013 1 Introduction Motor vehicles are increasingly equipped with electronic
20 Tips for Safe Driving www.libertymutualinsurance.com Liberty Mutual 20 Tips What s Your Driving Skill Level? As you can see, this national survey 1 found that drivers rated themselves highly. The tendency
Helping People Live Safer, More Secure Lives Since 1912 Thank you for considering Liberty Mutual for your insurance needs. As one of the leading providers of auto, home and life insurance in the United
DOT HS 811 834 September 2013 Evaluation of the Certified-Advanced Air Bags DISCLAIMER This publication is distributed by the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration,
INFANT AND CHILD CAR SAFETY Infants and children should always ride in child safety seats that meet standards established by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) of the U.S. Department
PL VEHICLE SPEED CONTROL SYSTEM 8H - 1 VEHICLE SPEED CONTROL SYSTEM TABLE OF CONTENTS page DESCRIPTION AND SPEED CONTROL SYSTEM...1 SPEED CONTROL SERVO-PCM OUTPUT....2 SPEED CONTROL SWITCHES PCM INPUT...2
Supplementary restraints system PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION High speed impacts may cause serious injury or death irrespective of safety features fitted to the vehicle. Always drive with caution and consideration
HVE-WP-2010-3 Evaluation of the Automatic Transmission Model in HVE Version 7.1 Copyright 2010 Engineering Dynamic Corporation Eric S. Deyerl, P.E., Michael J. Fitch Dial Engineering ABSTRACT The Automatic
Charles Funk, PhD, PE, CFEI, CVFI 5 Research Drive - Suite B - Ann Arbor, MI 48103 Profile Dr. Charles Funk is a Professional Engineer and consultant with expertise in both accident reconstruction, mechanical
CASE STUDY Volvo Cars Safety Centre Accelerometers Help Improve Car Safety Sweden Automotive Transducers The name of Volvo is synonymous with car safety. The new Volvo Cars Safety Centre at Gothenburg,
In-vehicle Technologies for Increasing Seat Belt Use TRB Annual Meeting Washington, DC January 14, 2013 David G. Kidd Safety belt use in the US has risen in large part due to publicized enforcement and
MOTOR VEHICLE COLLISION/PERSONAL INJURY QUESTIONNAIRE Please answer all questions completely: 1. Your name and address: 2. Phone Number: 3. Please describe the collision in your own words: 4. Where did
AUTO INSURANCE OUR MISSION IS YOU. AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE www.afi.org Our Mission Like those who serve our nation, AFI is dedicated to delivering protection and peace of mind. Our unwavering commitment to
Highlights and Changes in NHTSA's Real-World Data Collection for Rollover Crashes Carl Ragland SCI Team Leader SAE Government Industry Meeting May 9, 2006 NHTSA s National Center for Statistics & Analysis
New York Study of Booster Seat Effects on Injury Reduction Compared to Safety Belts in Children Aged 4-8 in Motor Vehicle Crashes Kainan Sun, Ph.D., Michael Bauer, M.S. Sarah M. Sperry, M.S., Susan Hardman
NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD Public Meeting of August 11, 2015 (Information subject to editing) Multivehicle Work Zone Crash on Interstate 95 Cranbury, New Jersey June 7, 2014 This is a synopsis
Driving Position Memory (see Seats ) Power Mirrors (see Mirrors ) Indicators/Gauges (see Instrument Panel ) Multi-information Display (see MID ) HomeLink (see HomeLink ) Navigation System (see Navigation
Exhibit C Kane Legal Motor Vehicle Product Defect Handbook Volume No. 1 David Kane, R.Ph, J.D. Professor of Pharmacy Law, Rutgers University Table of Contents Section 1 Auto Defects... 2 Section 2 SUVs
Organized by Larry Coben and Jim Ronca, lawyers at Anapol Schwartz. 2011 All Rights Reserved. Scientific Issues in Motor Vehicle Cases Reconstruction and Crashworthiness The attorneys who call on accident
Emergency Response Guide 2013 Prepared for Fire Service, Law Enforcement, Emergency Medical, and Professional Towing Personnel by American Honda Motor Co., Inc. Introduction This guide has been prepared
General facts regarding the driver: Talking Points About Roadway Users Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death in the U.S. for people ages 6-33. They annually account for more than 1 million
Automotive Accident Form Billing Information Patient name: Date of injury: Time of injury: AM PM City and street where accident occurred: What is the estimated damage to your vehicle? $ Do you have automobile
RIGHT UNDER YOUR NOSE HOW TO TELL IF A PRODUCT LIABILITY SUIT IS BURIED WITHIN YOUR ROAD WRECK CASE FILES By Lee Wallace The Wallace Law Firm, L.L.C. 2170 Defoor Hills Rd. Atlanta, Georgia 30318 404-814-0465
Xavier University of Louisiana General Requirements for the Use of Vehicles Effective 02/15/2009 General Requirements for Use of Vehicles Date: 2/14/2009 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.1 POLICY STATEMENT 1.2 RATIONALE
Mazda MX-5 Roadster Sport 2015 Adult Occupant Child Occupant 84% 80% Pedestrian Safety Assist 93% 64% SPECIFICATION Tested Model Body Type Mazda MX-5 1.5 SE-L, RHD 2 door roadster Year Of Publication 2015
Airbags and Pretensioners Emergency Response Guide 1 This guide specifically addresses Airbags and Pretensioners in GM Vehicles. We will provide information on vehicles equipped with frontal, door mounted,
Gesamtverband der Deutschen Versicherungswirtschaft e. V. The Increasing Role of SUVs in Crash Involvement in Germany Dr. Axel Malczyk German Insurers Accident Research ICROBI Dublin, 12.09.2012 Gesamtverband
TM Model Fleet Safety Program Short CORPORATE HEADQUARTERS 518 EAST BROAD STREET COLUMBUS, OHIO 43215 614.464.5000 STATEAUTO.COM TM Disclaimer: The information contained in this publication was obtained
Lesson 3: Energy, Momentum, and Understanding Car Crashes Many of us have lost students to violent motor vehicle crashes. In the United States, motor vehicle crashes are the number one cause of death among
TRIP, FALL AND CATCH THE WAVE: AN INTERACTIVE GUIDE TO RISK MANAGEMENT Mark Bernstein, J.D. Howard Franco, Jr., Esq. Michael L. Wroniak, Esq. Christie Bodnar Swiss, Esq. THE INCIDENT TODAY YOU WILL LEARN
Date sent / / Claim notification form (Form RTA1) Low value personal injury claims in road traffic accidents( 1,000-10,000) Before filling in this form you are encouraged to seek independent legal advice.
SAMPLE POLICY ON THE USE OF COMPANY VEHICLES Policy No: Edition No: Issued by: Issue Date: Effective From: 1. Purpose: To set out policy of The Company with regard to the use of company vehicles. 2. Scope:
CONSUMER COLLISION REPAIR AWARENESS MESSAGE OPENING: Ford is advancing automotive technology to help customers avoid more accidents through features such as rear view cameras or electronic stability control
MODULE 3 National Child Passenger Safety Certification Training Program Injury Prevention & Crash Dynamics OBJECTIVES Describe challenges to crash survival. Explain the concept of crash forces. Describe
Airbag recall resources for vehicle crashworthy victims & their families Contact Lawyer: Larry Coben, Esq. Call: 215-735-1130 or 866-735-2792 Read more information online at: www.anapolschwartz.com Organized
A name a commitment! Automobile development has been a ŠKODA commitment since 1905. Even in those days, the trade press wrote enthusiastically above the Laurin & Klement Model A: Solidly built, dependable
Volvo Trucks view on Truck Rollover Accidents Mario Ligovic, Volvo Truck Corporation, Göteborg, Sweden INTRODUCTION Rollover is the most common heavy truck accident type. Experiencing a rollover is like
European New Car Assessment Program (EuroNCAP) and Crash Test Ratings of New Vehicles Car safety is now an important issue that many people consider when buying a new car. There are crash test standards
Driver Certification Environmental Health & Safety/Risk Management Department of Campus Operations 300 College Park Dayton, Ohio 45469-2904 937-229-4503 Agenda: Part I: Review of UD Driver Certification
Stephen E. Van Gaasbeck, Esq., 1227 S.W. Military Drive, San Antonio, TX 78221 http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/cars/rules/interps/files/21771.rbm.html Page 1 of 2 Stephen E. Van Gaasbeck, Esq. 1227 S.W. Military
CLIENT INTERVIEW FORM AUTO ACCIDENTS Please fill out the following form to the best of your ability. YOUR INFORMATION First Name: MI: Last Name: Drivers License #: Date of Birth: Email Phone (work): State:
Case: 3:11-cv-00024-DCR-EBA Doc #: 57 Filed: 08/28/12 Page: 1 of 6 - Page ID#: 1060 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY CENTRAL DIVISION AT FRANKFORT Electronically Filed KERRY HINKLE,
Make the right choice Vehicle safety advice for older drivers Why is it important to buy a safe car? Older drivers are the most likely of all driver age groups to sustain serious or life threatening injuries
ACEA PRINCIPLES OF DATA PROTECTION IN RELATION TO CONNECTED VEHICLES AND SERVICES September 2015 INTRODUCTION We, the member companies of ACEA, are committed to providing our customers with a high level
Mary Ellen Morris Miller & Martin PLLC 1200 One Nashville Place 150 Fourth Avenue, North Nashville, Tennessee 37219-2433 Vehicle Black Boxes With every aviation accident involving an aircraft of sufficient
Overview It s important that Sales Consultants explain all applicable warranties to his/her customers. A thorough explanation of all applicable warranty coverage at the time of sale helps provide the owner