1 Greenroads Manual v1.5 Environment & Water SITE VEGETATION GOAL Promote sustainable site vegetation that does not require irrigation. CREDIT REQUIREMENTS Site vegetation shall be subject to the following requirements in order to receive the points listed: 1 point: Use non invasive plant species only 1 point: Do not use water (no irrigation) after the plant establishment period 1 point: Use native plant species only Details Site vegetation is defined as all vegetation associated with a particular roadway project and shall include all vegetation within the roadway s right of way. This can include roadside vegetation, decorative planting (e.g., planter boxes or potted plants in urban areas) and vegetation contained in stormwater facilities (e.g., bioswales and rain gardens). The following items must be performed to ensure that a plant species is considered non invasive : 1. Consult existing local (e.g. city, county, state, park service) vegetation policy and procedure that is applicable to the roadway project and is specifically formulated to prevent the use of invasive plant species and noxious weeds. 2. Use local and/or regional lists to identify invasive plant species. 3. Comply with local and/or national noxious weed laws. No water use means that the site vegetation will not require any irrigation after the plant establishment period. The plant establishment period shall be stated in the project specifications. Typical plant establishment periods are 1 3 years. This requirement means that vegetation requiring irrigation such as seasonal planter boxes cannot receive the associated point even if it is fully comprised of noninvasive or native species. 1-3 POINTS RELATED CREDITS PR 10 Site Maintenance Plan EW 3 Runoff Quality EW 6 Habitat Restoration SUSTAINABILITY COMPONENTS Ecology Economy Equity Extent BENEFITS Reduces Water Use Reduces Water Pollution Reduces Greenhouse Gases Reduces Solid Waste Increases Aesthetics Native plant species are plants native to the EPA Level III ecoregion that contains the roadway project site or known to naturally occur within 200 miles of the roadway construction site (The Sustainable Sites Initiative, 2009a). DOCUMENTATION A vegetation or landscape plan showing type and location of all plant species. This can often be found in the standard project plans. The specification sections relating to site vegetation including planting bed requirements. These are typically found in the technical specifications. A copy of or reference to (e.g., web address) the policy or procedure used to select plant species.
2 Environment & Water Greenroads Manual v1.5 APPROACHES & STRATEGIES Use a Pre Defined List of Approved Plants In many cases the local road owner (e.g., City, County, State or other authority) already has a pre defined list of acceptable plant species for site vegetation. Usually, these lists have been carefully developed to exclude invasive plants and noxious weeds; however they should still be checked against local/regional lists and laws. Often times, these pre defined lists also identify native plants and drought tolerant plants (e.g., no water use). Following such lists can often achieve the non invasive species point and zero water use point. Selecting native plants species (which may also be identified on these lists) can then earn the third point. Pre defined lists are advantageous because they are straightforward and easy to follow; plants are either on the list or not. However, when used alone they may not provide adequate guidance on establishing long term ecosystem goals, management of site vegetation after planting, appropriate location and density of vegetation and other more advanced concepts. Follow a Pre Defined Process It may be possible to identify a site vegetation process that has been approved or adopted by the local authority. These processes typically identify the site vegetation strategy and describe the actions and major steps needed to establish site vegetation. These plans can be complex, such as Western Federal Lands Highway Division s Roadside Revegetation: An Integrated Approach to Establishing Native Plants (Steinfeld et al. 2007) or more general in nature like Xeriscape Colorado (Colorado Waterwise 2009). Sustainable Sites Initiative One robust pre defined process is associated with the Sustainable Sites Initiative ( This is an interdisciplinary effort to create voluntary national guidelines and performance benchmarks for sustainable land design, construction and maintenance practices. (The Sustainable Site Initiative 2009c). A roadway project participating in the Sustainable Sites Initiative program and recognized as a sustainable site would likely quality for at least 1 point in this Voluntary Credit and, depending upon which Sustainable Sites credit benchmarks are achieved, could achieve all 3 points. Overall, the Sustainable Sites Initiative is a more robust set of benchmarks for site vegetation than Greenroads because its scope is limited to site development and does not include roadways, mobility, access or other metrics associated with transportation. Have an Expert Develop a Site Specific Vegetation Strategy In the absence of existing guidance, it may be necessary to have an expert develop an entirely new site specific vegetation plan. While this is an acceptable option, the expertise and time to develop the plan can be expensive in relation to the amount of site vegetation; especially on small projects where vegetation is limited. In addition to careful selection of appropriate plants, plan development requires consideration of planting bed specifications, topsoil needs, and planting techniques. Finally, long term maintenance plans and goals must be established for the plant community. Example: City of Portland, OR The City of Portland s Bureau of Planning and Sustainability has maintained a Portland Plant List since This list includes: Native plants. Plants historically found in the City of Portland. They are grouped by type (tree, arborescent shrubs, shrubs and ground covers) and include the scientific name, common name, and wetland indicator status and habitat type. Nuisance plants. Plants that can be removed manually without requiring an environmental review or greenway review. Plants are considered a nuisance because they have a tendency to dominate plant communities or are harmful to humans. Nuisance plants may be native, exotic or naturalized. Prohibited plants. Plants prohibited from use in all reviewed landscaping situations. These plants pose a serious threat to native plant and animal health/vitality.
3 Greenroads Manual v1.5 Environment & Water Example: City of Seattle, WA The City of Seattle provides guidance for project site vegetation using: Department of Transportation suggested plant list for street use. Links to plant selection databases. Tree protection ordinance, specifications and standard plans. Heritage tree program. Recommended street tree list. Landscape standard plans. The suggested plant list for street use is called the Seattle Green Factor Plant List ( Example: Western Federal Lands Highway Division In 2007, Western Federal Lands Highway Division (WFLHD) published a native revegetation manual (Steinfeld et al. 2007) that they now use as their standard process for revegetating disturbed land on roadway projects. This manual does not provide a specific plant list but rather describes a comprehensive process for roadside revegetation and creation of a sustainable plant community. This process includes (1) necessary integration, (2) initiation, (3) planning, (4) implementation and (5) monitoring, and is illustrated on the web at: Example: Sustainable Sites Initiative Case Studies The Sustainable Sites Initiative website contains a number of case studies demonstrating sustainable landscape practices at: POTENTIAL ISSUES 1. Site planting without proper integration with other roadway activities (e.g., maintenance, roadside safety). 2. Inadequate plant establishment. 3. Not considering the suitability of a plant species specific for site conditions including cold/heat tolerance, salt tolerance and soil ph, sun/shade requirements, pest susceptibility, and maintenance requirements (The Sustainable Sites Initiative 2009). The roadway environment might be significantly different from the surrounding area, and may not necessarily support its indigenous plant species. 4. Site vegetation must be considered in the context of soils, compaction, slopes, and hydrology in order to be successful on road projects. 5. Disturbed soil conditions must be modified to create conditions that will sustain native plant growth. Planting beds should be prepared based on disturbed conditions and specified in project docuements. 6. This Greenroads credit does not currently track projects beyond construction to ensure continued maintenance and no water use. RESEARCH Site vegetation can impact four primary roadway sustainability components: ecology, economic, equity and extent. In the broad sense, arguments for sustainable site vegetation center on their contribution to the local ecosystem, which leads to broad arguments for how ecosystems and ecosystem services affect these areas of sustainability. In a more narrow sense, arguments for sustainable site vegetation center on how they may influence project specific ecological issues, costs, safety, culture, and durability. While these issues are often thought of as self evident, it can be difficult to find quantifiable empirical evidence to use as proof. The following sections address site vegetation impacts by category.
4 Environment & Water Greenroads Manual v1.5 Ecological Site vegetation is part of the local ecosystem. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) defines an ecosystem as a dynamic complex of plant, animal, and microorganism communities and the nonliving environment interacting as a functional unit. These can be systems relatively untouched by humans (e.g., natural forests) or those that have been significantly modified (e.g., urban areas and agricultural lands) (MEA 2005). In looking at ecosystems over the last 50 years the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) arrived at four major findings: Over the past 50 years humans have changed ecosystems more rapidly and extensively than in any comparable period of human history. Ecosystem changes have contributed to substantial net gains in human well being and economic development, but these gains are at the expense of substantially diminishing the benefits that future generations obtain from ecosystems. The degradation of ecosystem services could grow significantly worse during the first half of the twenty first century. Reversing ecosystem degradation can be done but involves significant changes in policies, institutions and practices that are not currently underway. Thus, to the extent that site vegetation helps manage ecosystems more sustainably, it can contribute positively, though perhaps only slightly, to the reversal of some of the degradation seen over the last 50 years. Benefits attributed to more sustainable site vegetation include the regional and local impacts outlined below (MEA 2005): Regional: Better air quality Climate regulation Water regulation Erosion regulation Water quality Pest regulation Pollination Natural hazard regulation Local: Lower water use Reduced erosion Prevention of exotic plant species from out compete native species Better survivability of site vegetation because it is better adapted to the local environment (though plants indigenous to the local ecosystem are not necessarily suitable for the altered roadway environment). Economic As part of the local ecosystem, site vegetation can, in a broad sense, provide economic benefits such as clean air, clean water, food, renewable resources and waste decomposition (The Sustainable Sites Initiative, 2009b). It is difficult to value ecosystem services properly because (1) our attempts to value them are generally based on human values and not what might be considered objective value sets, and (2) they are not fully valued or quantified in commercial markets or policy decisions (Costanza et al. 1997). Nonetheless, attempts have been made to value ecosystem services that can provide insight. Costanza et al. (1997) provide a comprehensive overview on the value of the world s ecosystem services based on a synthesis of previous work. In short, they found a range of potential values of US$16 54 trillion/yr with a mean of US$33 trillion/yr for 17 ecosystem services (in 1994 US dollars). This compares to a world gross national product (GNP) of US$18 trillion (1994 US dollars) making ecosystem services about 1.8 times the global GNP if the mean value is assumed. This estimate is based on marginal cost by determining the differences that relatively small changes in these services make to human welfare. (Costanza et al. 1997). They acknowledge that their estimates are on the low side, incomplete and flawed but reason that some estimate is better than none (Costanza et al. 1997).
5 Greenroads Manual v1.5 Environment & Water In a narrow sense, site vegetation contributes to individual project cost over its life cycle if costs such as site maintenance, water demand, erosion control and problematic vegetation control are considered (Steinfeld et al. 2007a). One example of this comes from the City of Santa Monica in their garden\garden demonstration project. In this project the City and Water District compared two landscape strategies: sustainable vs. traditional (Santa Monica Office of Sustainability and Environment 2009). Table EW 5.1 summarizes some findings from the comparison. Table EW 5.1: Landscape Comparison in Santa Monica, CA for the entire year of 2007 Category Sustainable Landscape Traditional Landscape Initial Construction Cost $16,700 $12,400 Water Use 14,300 gallons 76,700 gallons Annual Water Cost $14 $74 Yard Waste 250 lbs 670 lbs Maintenance 15 hours 80 hours Annual Maintenance Cost $800 $3,000 It should be noted that direct comparisons between sustainable and traditional vegetation with actual values for cost, water use, waste, etc. such as that done by the City of Santa Monica are difficult to find. Equity As part of the local ecosystem, site vegetation can provide human equity benefits such as improved human health (e.g., better water quality) and cultural services like spiritual and religious values, recreation and aesthetics (MEA 2005). On a local scale, site vegetation can contribute to improved roadway safety by improving visibility and can create natural beauty that is appreciated and valued by motorists. Extent Site vegetation can also have an impact on the durability of a particular project, which affects project life or at least the level of necessary maintenance to achieve a specific project life. For instance, native revegetation of a highway roadside can be better than traditional non native turf coverage because it can have a higher probability of surviving, last longer, require less maintenance and better prevent soil erosion based on a deeper and more hearty root structure (see comparison between Figures EW 5.1 and EW 5.2). Figure EW 5.1: A failing revegetation effort on a steep slope that did not use a native revegetation approach (from Steinfeld et al. 2007a). Figure EW 5.2: A native roadside revegetation in Glacier National Park (from Steinfeld et al. 2007a, photo by Tara Luna).
6 Environment & Water Greenroads Manual v1.5 GLOSSARY Native plant Plant establishment period Xeriscape Plant that is native to the EPA Level III ecoregion that contains the roadway project site or known to naturally occur within 200 miles of the roadway construction site (Sustainable Sites Initiative, 2009a). Duration of time that allows newly installed vegetation to reach a state of maturity that requires minimal ongoing maintenance for survival. Activities during the plant establishment period can include: removal of litter and trash, weeding, water application (even for non irrigated vegetation), replacement of dead plants and pest control (including the use of approved pesticides). A set of gardening principles designed to save water while creating a lush and colorful landscape. REFERENCES Colorado Waterwise. (2009). Xeriscape Colorado. Website. Accessed November 25, Costanza, R., d Arge, R., de Groot, R., Farber, S., Grasso, M., Hannon, B., Limburg, K., Naeem, S., O Neill, R.V., Paruelo, J., Raskin, R.G., Sutton, P., van den Belt, M., (1997). The value of the world s ecosystem services and natural capital. Nat., 387, Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA), (2005). Ecosystems and Human Well being: Synthesis. Island Press, Washington, DC. Santa Monica Office of Sustainability and Environment. (2009). Landscape: Demonstration Gardens. Website. City of Santa Monica, CA. Accessed November 30, Steinfeld, D.E., Riley, S.A., Wilkinson, K.M., Landis, T.D. and Riley, L.E. (2007a). Roadside Revegetation: An Integrated Approach to Establishing Native Plants. FHWA WFL/TD Federal Highway Administration, Western Federal Lands Highway Division, Vancouver, WA. Steinfeld, D.E., Riley, S.A., Wilkinson, K.M., Landis, T.D. and Riley, L.E. (2007b). A Manager s Guide to Roadside Revegetation Using Native Plants. FHWA WFL/TD Federal Highway Administration, Western Federal Lands Highway Division, Vancouver, WA. The Sustainable Sites Initiative. (2009a). Guidelines and Performance Benchmarks. American Society of Landscape Architects, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at the University of Texas at Austin, United States Botanic Garden. The Sustainable Sites Initiative. (2009b). The Case for Sustainable Landscapes. American Society of Landscape Architects, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at the University of Texas at Austin, United States Botanic Garden.
The Sustainable Sites Initiative: Future Business Opportunities? 2 Sustainable Sites Initiative Business Opportunities!! professionals become registered, then consult! collaboration with other firms! public
This presentation has been developed by the Sustainable Sites Initiative for general audiences This presentation was adapted with permission by David McDonald from the standard d SITES overview presentation,
Biodiversity Concepts WHAT IS BIODIVERSITY? Biodiversity is the variety of life on Earth. For any kind of animal or plant each individual is not exactly the same as any other; nor are species or ecosystems.
1.7.0 Floodplain Modification Criteria 1.7.1 Introduction These guidelines set out standards for evaluating and processing proposed modifications of the 100- year floodplain with the following objectives:
Backyard Buffers Protecting Habitat and Water Quality What is a buffer? A buffer (also called a riparian buffer area or zone) is the strip of natural vegetation along the bank of a stream, lake or other
Taking the Classroom Outside By Ashley Schopieray Background Introduction If you had the choice to spend the day outside or go to school and sit inside all day, which would you choose? Spending time outdoors
TEXAS SMARTSCAPE Landscape Design and Maintenance for Water Quality Water Conservation Dotty Woodson Extension Program Specialist Texas AgriLife Extension Texas A&M University System Texas SmartScape Developed
Appendix C Municipal Planning and Site Restoration Considerations 67 68 Appendix C - Municipal Planning and Site Restoration Considerations This appendix contains best practice standards for site planning
Tree Management Guidelines Overview Tree Management Guidelines The trees that make up Brisbane s urban forest create much of our subtropical landscape character and biodiversity. Almost half of the city
FLOOD PROTECTION AND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES IN THE CHEHALIS RIVER BASIN May 2010 Prepared by for the Execubve Summary The Chehalis Basin experienced catastrophic flooding in 2007 and 2009. In response, the
CNHP s mission is to preserve the natural diversity of life by contributing the essential scientific foundation that leads to lasting conservation of Colorado's biological wealth. Colorado Natural Heritage
COMPREHENSIVE PLAN SECTION B, ELEMENT 4 WATER RESOURCES April 20, 2010 EXHIBIT 1 ELEMENT 4 WATER RESOURCES TABLE OF CONTENTS 4.1 INTRODUCTION 4.2 GOALS AND POLICIES 4.2.A General Goals and Policies 1 4.2.B
Environmental Restoration and Revegetation of Australian Ecosystems Mirinda Thorpe firstname.lastname@example.org What is Environmental Restoration? Restoration is the process used to speed up the recovery of degraded
ecopro Sustainable Landscape Professional Certification REQUIRED READING LIST, SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIALS, & ADDITIONAL RESOURCES This document details the following: 1. Required Reading List for the ecopro
Note on Draft Progress Report Template The Draft Progress Report template is provided as a guide to applicants on possible reporting requirements for the Biodiversity Fund. This actual report will be provided
Broadmoor Public Golf Course TREE MANAGEMENT GUIDE Conservation of the trees at the Broadmoor Public Golf Course is a priority for environmental, economic and human health reasons. Trees make a difference
Sustainable Landscaping RFP Language City of Long Beach, CA I. PROJECT DESCRIPTION Design and landscaping techniques for [PROJECT NAME] shall conform to the intent of the City of Long Beach s Green Building
OP 10: Landscape Management 2 points available A. Credit Rationale This credit recognizes institutions that manage their grounds sustainably. Sustainable landscape management integrates economic, social,
Comprehensive Plan for the National Capital DRAFT Federal Environment Element Policies SECTION A: Climate Change 1. Ensure that climate change impacts are addressed in long range plans and in the review
ELMER AVENUE Water Augmentation Study NEIGHBORHOOD RETROFIT DEMONSTRATION PROJECT STAGG STREET ELMER AVENUE KESWICK STREET PASEO NOTE: Photo taken before retrofit WHAT IS THE NEIGHBORHOOD RETROFIT PROJECT?
Defining Ecosystem Services Beto Borges Director, Community and Markets Program Forest Trends 6 April 2011 Defining Ecosystem Services What are ecosystems? Ecosystems in Uganda What are ecosystem services?
A view from a former tidal river manager expert with experience from 6 decades living at, with and from the Tidal River Elbe chairman of the European Interreg Project TIDE (Tidal River Development) Land
(WEED MANAGEMENT PLAN OUTLINE FOR PUBLIC LAND MANAGERS) (Note: This outline is a modification of a weed management plan template produced by The Nature Conservancy) WEED MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR (NAME of PROPERTY
Controlling Invasive Plants and Animals in our Community PROVIDED BY THE WILDLIFE COMMITTEE What makes a plant or animal invasive? When a plant or animal from another region of the world (usually Europe
Nevada Pinyon-Juniper Partnership Proposed Demonstration Area A Brief Introduction Presented by Jeremy Drew Project Manager Resource Concepts, Inc. What I ll Discuss: Purpose of a Demonstration Area Priorities
OVERVIEW OF THE FRAMEWORK FOR A STRATEGIC URBAN FOREST MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE CITY OF GUELPH April 2009 URBAN FOREST INNOVATIONS INC. Outline OUTLINE 1.Rationale for a Strategic Urban Forest Management
A Developer s Guide: Watershed-Wise Development Environmental Protection What is a watershed? It does not matter how far away you build from a creek, lake, or the ocean, you are in a watershed. Another
SUSTAINABLE LANDSCAPE DESIGN PRINCIPLES HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE RESOURCES DESIGN ON THE GROUND How did the concept of Sustainable Design become so popular? p Why does it seem as if every Magazine and every
Viewed broadly, the concept of ecosystem services describes the many resources and services provided by nature. Typically, traditional planning and development practices do not adequately represent the
Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 HEALTH Kindergarten: Grade 1: Grade 2: Know that litter can spoil the environment. Grade 3: Grade 4:
Creating Green Jobs within the Environment and Culture sector. Matilda Skosana Environmental Programmes (ILO Definition): 1. DEFINITION OF GREEN JOB. Jobs are green when they help reduce negative environmental
Going green : Environmental jobs for scientists and engineers Alice Ramey Alice Ramey is an economist in the Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections, BLS. She is available at (202)
Appendix C Re-vegetation and Rehabilitation Sub-Plan DRENNAN SOLAR ENERGY FACILITY REVEGETATION & REHABILITATION PLAN PRODUCED FOR ERM ON BEHALF OF SOLAIREDIRECT BY Simon.Todd@3foxes.co.za JUNE 2013 BACKGROUND
Roaring Fork Valley Restoration Strategy Future Forest Roundtable Future Forest Roundtable Roaring Fork Valley Restoration Strategy T he restoration strategy in the Roaring Fork Valley of the White River
Post-Wildfire Clean-Up and Response in Houston Toad Habitat Best Management Practices Purpose The purpose of this document is to provide guidance and recommendations for minimizing potential impacts to
Landscape Reference Guide 2014 Moncton Industrial Park WestMONCTON INDUSTRIAL PA R K MONCTON INDUSTRIAL PA R K PARC INDUSTRIEL DE MONCTON PARC INDUSTRIEL DE MON MONCTON INDUSTRIAL PA R K PARC INDUSTRIEL
Speaker Name: Carrie Dubberley Title/Company: founder and owner of Dubberley Landscape Contact: 214.770.6252 email@example.com Carrie Dubberley Bio Carrie Dubberley is the creative force behind
overview urban forestry Urban Forestry Background research on the topic of urban forestry is intended to help guide the task of integrating trees and urban forestry goals and aspirations into the Portland
University of Florida/IFAS Environmental Horticulture Department Florida-Friendly Landscaping Program Florida Housing Coalition September 27, 2011 FFL Program Created in mid-90s Help protect soil and water
Instructions Residential Turf Removal Program Application Package 1. PROJECTS THAT HAVE BEEN STARTED OR ALREADY COMPLETED PRIOR TO REBATE RESERVATION APPROVAL ARE NOT ELIGIBLE. 2. Read the program terms
Door County Zoning Introduction Door County has a comprehensive Zoning Ordinance that contains wetland conservation provisions. Shoreland-Wetland zoning provisions are enforced in all unincorporated areas
Urban Waters and River Restoration Pinja Kasvio, Finnish Environment Institute, SYKE RESTORE North Region Closing Seminar 14.8.2013 Urban Waters Hålland, Gässlösa (Sweden) Characteristics of urban areas:
Planning the Urban Forest Waco, TX June 2, 2011 David Rouse, AICP, ASLA Wallace Roberts & Todd, LLC Sponsored in part by a grant from the US Forest Service Urban and Community Forest Program Planning the
Backyard Buffers that Work for People and Nature by Restoring Ecological Function What is a Wetland Buffer? A wetland buffer is a simple land management practice that is employed by municipalities to protect
Ecosystem services in grasslands: evidence, trade-offs and restoration James Bullock NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology firstname.lastname@example.org Ecosystem services definitions and types Grasslands 13% of Earth
PART 9 LANDSCAPE REGULATIONS SECTION 88 APPLICABILITY (1) Any new Development shall require Landscaping of the Site in accordance with this Section where applicable. An expansion or change to an existing
Haynes Recreation Center, Laredo, TX Data Matrix and Sustainability Benchmarks (Updated Spring 2010) 1 Standard Benchmarks BENCHMARKS UNITS PRE PROJECT GOAL Property value (pre/post) Assessed or redevelopment
STATEMENT OF RON HUNTSINGER NATIONAL SCIENCE COORDINATOR BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BEFORE THE HOUSE APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE ON INTERIOR, ENVIRONMENT AND RELATED AGENCIES
City of Los Angeles Department of Public Works Bureau of Engineering Machado Lake Ecosystem Rehabilitation Project & Wilmington Drain Multi-Use Project Community Workshop 5 February 24, 2009 In association
Simple Ways to Save Water in the Landscape Celeste White Orange County University of Florida Extension Landscape irrigation accounts for an estimated 50% of total home water use Some Things Are In Your
Tim Deboodt, OSU Crook County Extension Agent 498 SE Lynn Blvd. Prineville, OR 97754 541-447-6228 Tim.email@example.com Increasing water availability through juniper control. Throughout the region
BIORETENTION FACILITIES, VEGETATED SWALES & HIGHER RATE BIOFILTERS Check here for Address or phone number change the fiscal year (July 1 June 30), and date(s) maintenance was performed. Under Inspection,
Mixed Forests and Biodiversity are Crucial for Freshwater We cannot think about freshwater and the global water cycle without thinking about mixed forests and biodiversity. These play an absolutely indispensable
New Jersey Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual February 2004 A P P E N D I X A Low Impact Development Checklist A checklist for identifying nonstructural stormwater management strategies incorporated
Pamela Birak, Jordan Lake State Park, Chatham County, NC 3 Lakes, Reservoirs, and Ponds Forty-six states, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia (collectively referred to as states in the rest of this
CITY OF UKIAH TREE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES TREE MANAGEMENT POLICIES FOR THE PROTECTION, OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF CITY PROPERTY FINAL DRAFT November 2010 1.0 PURPOSE STATEMENT The purpose of this document
January 2004 1 Center for Urban Ecology Strategic Plan Science and Service through Partnerships Mission The Center for Urban Ecology is an interdisciplinary team that provides scientific guidance, technical
Designing in Sustainability in an Utility Scale Photovoltaic Array Tim Green, Brookhaven National Laboratory Richard Chandler, BP Solar October 2010 Biography Tim Green Currently the Natural & Cultural
In the previous presentation on Human Health and Pesticides, we discussed some of the negative consequences associated with pesticide use. In this presentation we will focus on environmental degradation
Chapter 3 3.01 General Provisions 3.01.1 Introduction 3.01.2 Application and Interpretation of Chapter 3.01.3 Unbuildable Lots 3.01.4 Other Permits 3.01.5 Prohibited Activities 3.02 Service Provider Letter
LANDSCAPING REQUIREMENTS I. Landscaping Purpose and Intent. These landscape standards are hereby established to create and maintain an aesthetically appealing community character that minimizes the negative
INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR KENNESAW STATE UNIVERSITY KENNESAW, GEORGIA PREPARED JANUARY 1997 REVISED NOVEMBER 2006 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction and Principles of Integrated Pest Management
1003.162 Landscaping Regulations 1. Scope of Provisions. This section contains the landscaping regulations that apply to all zoning districts. Developments subject to the conditional use permit procedure
Policy & Management Applications of Blue Carbon fact SHEET Policy & Management Applications of Blue Carbon Coastal Blue Carbon - An Important Wetland Ecosystem Service Coastal Blue Carbon refers to the
Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute (ICPI) Model Stormwater Ordinance for Permeable Interlocking Concrete Pavements August 2010 Background What are permeable interlocking concrete pavements (PICP)?
A PATTERN BOOK FOR NEIGHBORLY HOUSES LANDSCAPE PATTERNS E Landscape Patterns Throughout the United States there is an incredible range of climatic zones, microclimates, plant species, and landscape traditions.
Environmental Science Curriculum Dual Credit with Morrisville 1. Introduction to Environmental Science (5 days) Describe the three categories into which most environmental problems fall Explain how the
PROJECT EVALUATION (1.011) Spring 2011 Lecture 2 Instructors: Professor Joseph Sussman Carl Martland Teaching Assistants: Nihit Jain Edna Edzell Outline Word/phrases Checklists Public Projects, Martland
Birmingham City University / Students Union and Impacts Register Waste Production of non - hazardous waste Production of hazardous waste Storage of non - hazardous waste Potential for waste to be disposed
Ecosystem Services: The Gridlock Breaker Four Types of Capital A session of the 2012 Washington State APA Conference Olympia, Washington 0ctober 12, 2012 Doug Osterman, Steve Hughes Tracy Stanton, Dave
Urban Pest Management Course February 6, 2013 Integrated Weed Management in Portland Parks Commissioner Nick Fish www.portlandparks.org Director Mike Abbaté Commissioner www.portlandparks.org Jim Francecsconi
3921 East Bayshore Road Palo Alto CA 94303-4326 tel 650.962.9876 fax 650.962.8234 www.acterra.org firstname.lastname@example.org Introduction Summary of Pre- and Post-Project Vegetation Survey Results Acterra Stewardship
1. What plants can I use in my water-efficient landscape? The River Friendly Landscape Rebate Program does not require particular plants, only that when fully mature, the plants cover at least fifty percent
Construction Guidelines for Tree Protection d. DISTRICT DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION URBAN FORESTRY ADMINISTRATION City of Trees Our time in history Since 1872, when Governor Alexander Shepherd planted
Urban Ecosystem Services Seattle s Urban Forest Dr. Kathleen Wolf Dr. Dale Blahna University of Washington, College of the Environment USDA Forest Service, Pacific NW Research Station Laos/Cambodia Study
Seattle Public Utilities Natural Drainage Systems (NDS) Maintenance Manual 1 Revision Date: December 2007 2 Table of Contents I. Overview... 4 II. How to Use This Manual... 4 III. NDS Contacts... 4 List
Ecosystem Services, Wetlands and Houston s Growth Jim Lester Definitions (MEA 2005) Ecosystem: a dynamic complex of plant, animal, and microorganism communities and the nonliving environment interacting
ST. JOHNS RIVER WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICT LANDSCAPE WATER CONSERVATION ORDINANCE GUIDELINES This document provides guidelines for the development of local government landscape water conservation ordinances.
Ecological Restoration of a Brackish Marsh at Parcel 11, Estate Carolina, St. John Gary Ray, Ph.D. Virgin Forest Restorations For Coral Bay Community Council Aerial of Parcel 11 Brackish Marsh Ecological
Seattle Public Utilities Green Stormwater Infrastructure: O&M Program Operations and Maintenance O&M Maintenance Took Kit 1. Landscape Maintenance Manual 2. GSI/LID Maintenance Manual for ROW 3. Identifiable
Summary and Description of 2014 Enhancements to New Jersey Model Stormwater Control Ordinance for Municipalities This document summarizes and provides explanation for the purpose and intent of major recommended
Planning the Urban Forest Lancaster, PA October 6, 2010 David Rouse, AICP, ASLA Wallace Roberts & Todd, LLC Sponsored in part by a grant from the US Forest Service Urban and Community Forest Program Planning
Green Infrastructure for Great Cities FHWA Ecological Webinar Richard M. Daley Mayor Janet L. Attarian, AIA, LEED AP, Project Director Streetscape and Sustainable Design Program Sustainable Streets The
Property Owner: Daytime Phone Number: Residential Turf Removal Program Application Part 1 - Rebate Reservation (Limited to one (1) rebate per property) Applicant Information (please print legibly) Contact
N A T U R A L R E S O U R C E C O N S E R V A T I O N As stewards of the land, farmers must protect the quality of our environment and conserve the natural resources that sustain it by implementing conservation
Sustainable Landscape Practices Syllabus New methods of landscape management are required to restore or protect the ecological services provided by developed landscapes. Students in our programs are the
The relationship between forest biodiversity, ecosystem resilience, and carbon storage Ian Thompson, Canadian Forest Service Brendan Mackey, Australian National University Alex Mosseler, Canadian Forest