3 We do NOT: Act As Attorneys We DO: Provide Support Provide Information Help Identify Options
4 The Rehabilitation Act The purpose of this presentation is to help understand the Rehabilitation Act and how it can support increased access to employment and independence.
5 The Rehabilitation Act Disability is a natural part of human experience and in no way diminishes the right of individuals to:
6 Live independently; Enjoy self-determination; Make choices; Contribute to society; Pursue meaningful careers; and Enjoy full inclusion and integration
7 Purpose of the Rehab Act Empower individuals with disabilities to maximize: Employment Independence Economic self-sufficiency
8 Eligibility The disability must only be substantial impediment to employment
9 To be Eligible a person must: Have a disability Need vocational rehabilitation service to: prepare for secure retain, or regain employment
10 Definition of Disability An individual with a disability is one who has has a record of, or is regarded as having a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits a major life activity.
11 Functional Areas: Self - direction Mobility Self - care Interpersonal skills Work skills Communication Work tolerance
12 Are There Any Disabling Conditions Not Protected by The Rehabilitation Act? Yes A current illegal drug user Employees whose current use of alcohol prevents them from performing the duties of their jobs
13 The Rehabilitation Act 1973 Seven titles, but missing one key item
14 Title V Passage of Section 504 established the bridge between disability and anti-discrimination policy and law Statutory language of 504 is based on Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, more limited in coverage Regulations implementing 504 not passed until 1977!
15 Title V Section 501 Federal hiring Section 502 Compliance with accessibility standards (ATBCB) Section 503 Employment under federal contracts Section 504 Prohibits discrimination in all federally-funded programs Section 507 Interagency Disability Coordinating Council Section 508 Fed agency purchase of accessible equipment, electronic and info technology Section 509 Protection and Advocacy of Individual Rights
16 The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Section 501 mandates non-discrimination by the Federal government in its own hiring practices and requires affirmative action in the hiring, placement, and advancement of people with disabilities.
17 The Rehabilitation Act Section 502 established the U.S. Access Board. Section 503 requires affirmative action and prohibits employment discrimination by Federal government contractors and sub-contractors with contracts of more than $10,000.
18 The Rehabilitation Act Section 504 states that no qualified individual with a disability in the United States shall be excluded from, denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity that either receives Federal financial assistance or is conducted by any Federal agency.
19 Section 504 Mandates reasonable accommodation Requires assistive technology and services Mandates program accessibility, and effective communication Is the first statue applying civil rights protections to people with disabilities Is the first law imposing requirements to entities that receive federal aid
20 The Rehabilitation Act Section 508 requires Federal electronic and information technology to be accessible to people with disabilities, including employees and members of the public.
21 EIT Accessibility? Section 508 focuses on the overall accessibility of EIT systems, rather than providing accommodations at individual worksites.
22 Six Categories Covered by Section 508 Software Applications & Operating Systems Web Information Telecommunications Products Video & Multi-Media Products Desktop & Portable Computers Self Contained Products
23 Accessibility vs- Usability Individuals with disabilities may still need specific accessibility-related software or peripheral devices to be able to use an accessible system. Sidewalk vs Wheelchair Ramp
24 Accessible Electronic and Information Technology (EIT) A system that provides output only in audio format would not be accessible to people with hearing impairments this system could be made accessible by adding closed captions. Likewise, a system that only uses mouse actions for navigation would not be accessible to people who cannot use a mouse because of dexterity or visual impairment this system could be made accessible by enabling keyboard controls, such as using Function Keys, to allow mouse-independent navigation.
25 Exceptions to Section 508 ONLY National Security Systems are Exempt!
26 Titles of the Rehab Act (as amended in 1998) Title I: VR Services Title II: Research and Training Title III: Professional Development, Special Projects, and Demonstrations Title IV: National Council on Disability Title V: Rights and Advocacy for Access Title VI: Employment and Supported Employment Programs Title VII: Independent Living
27 Individualized Plan for Employment (IPE)
28 The Individualized Plan for Employment: Long term goals Intermediate objectives Specific services and projected dates Post employment service needs Identification of service providers Statement by individual of involvement
29 The Vocational Rehabilitation Counselor serves as a Facilitator Of the IPE process and helps the individual exercise informed choice
30 a consumer-driven program is most effective in getting people jobs. Congress
39 VR Services (cont) Diagnosis and treatment of physical or mental impediments (if support is not available from other sources)
40 VR Services (cont) Transportation training of public systems travel and related expenses (needed for services) purchase and repair of vehicles, including vans.
41 VR Services (cont) Technical assistance for those pursuing Telecommuting self employment small business
42 VR Services (cont) Rehabilitation technology vehicular modification telecommunications sensory aids and devices
43 VR Services (cont) Transition services for students with IPE s Supported employment and natural supports Services to the family to individual reaching employment
44 VR Services (cont) Post employment services to: Retain Regain Advance
45 Employment goals can include: Self-employment Telecommuting Business ownership
46 Lack of $$$$$$$$$ States must initiate an Order of Selection process VR can not choose to provide only some services to eligible individuals to save $$$$$
47 The VR Assessment Evaluates the Individual s: Unique strengths Resources Priorities Abilities Interests
48 The VR Assessment looks at: Employment outcomes, Vocational rehabilitation service objectives, and The nature and scope of services
49 The VR Assessment may cover: educational psychological psychiatric vocational personal social, and Medical Factors that affect Employment
50 Services Exempt from Consumer Financial Participation: job placement job coaching on the job training 1-time purchases under $300 vocational counseling independent living
51 Comparable Benefits Can Include: Medicare Medicaid Private insurance Workers compensation Grants and scholarships Community social service agencies
52 The Rehabilitation Act Of 1973, As Amended prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in programs... conducted by Federal agencies receiving Federal financial assistance employment practices of Federal contractors
53 The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended Protects qualified employees and applicants Requires federal agencies to provide reasonable accommodation(s)
54 The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended Prohibits retaliation Requires affirmative employment Ensures equal access
55 Disclosure Under the Rehabilitation Act, the Federal agency must provide reasonable accommodations to the known physical or mental limitations of a qualified applicant or employee with a disability.
56 Disclosure Reasonable Documentation Documentation from an appropriate professional concerning the individual s disability and functional limitations in order to verify the existence of a disability and the need for an accommodation.
57 Confidentiality Disclosure Agencies must keep all information concerning the medical condition or history of its applicants and employees confidential. This includes medical information that an individual voluntarily tells his/her employer.
58 Disability Related Inquiries Interviewer may not ask: If the applicant ever had an injury or disease If the applicant has ever seen a psychiatrist If the applicant has ever had a drug or drinking problem
59 Disability Related Inquiries Interviewer may not ask: The nature or extent of the applicant s disability If the applicant or anyone in his/her family has a disability The applicant s health If the applicant has a history of emotional illness
60 Disability Related Inquiries Interviewer may ask about: An applicant s ability to perform job-related duties An applicant s previous job experience Skills required to perform the job Educational background
61 Rehabilitation Act Enforcement Contact your agency s Equal Employment Opportunity Office for internal complaint processing procedures. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces Section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act.
62 Please click here to complete our evaluation If you still have questions: (727) (800) Family Network on Disabilities, Inc.
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