Models for Change: Systems Reform in Juvenile Justice

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2 Models for Change: Systems Reform in Juvenile Justice February 20,

3 Tips for viewing this webinar: The questions box and buttons are on the right side of the webinar window. This box can collapse so that you can better view the presentation. To unhide the box, click the arrows on the top left corner of the panel. If you are having technical difficulties, please send us a message via the questions box on your right. Our organizer will reply to you privately and help resolve the issue. 3

4 Webinar Recording and Evaluation Survey This webinar is being recorded and will be made available online to view later or review. After the webinar, you will see a pop-up box containing a webinar evaluation survey. Thank you in advance for completing this survey. Your feedback is important to us. 4

5 Question & Answer Session Instructions Type your question into the questions box at any time during the presentation, and the moderator will read the question on your behalf during the Q&A session. 5

6 NACo s Work with Models for Change Strategic partnership designed to: Build county leadership capacity, expertise, and commitment for juvenile justice reform across the country Promote model programs for juvenile justice reform by providing thought leadership, education, technical assistance, and peer networking opportunities to county officials and staff For more information about NACo s Criminal Justice Programs and to view the recorded webinar, please visit: 6

7 Today s Speakers: Soledad McGrath Program Officer, Justice Reform MacArthur Foundation Chicago, Ill. Dr. Elizabeth Cauffman Professor of Psychology & Social Behavior, Education and Law University of California, Irvine Mary Gaspari Intake Supervisor Chester County, Pa. 7

8 Models for Change Systems Reform in Juvenile Justice

9 One-size-fits-all policies do not work

10

11 Reform Areas Aftercare Community-based alternatives Evidence-based practices Juvenile indigent defense Mental health Racial and ethnic fairness Right-sizing jurisdiction

12 Innovate Locally. Diffuse Nationally..

13 C O R E S T A T E S

14 A C T I O N N E T W O R K S

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16 Models for Change: Systems Reform in Juvenile Justice

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18 Kids are different from adults

19 Landmark SCOTUS Decisions Roper v. Simmons (2005) Abolishing the imposition of the death penalty for offenses committed by youth Graham v. Florida (2010) Abolishing life without parole sentences on youth convicted of nonhomicide crimes J.D.B. v. North Carolina (2011) Holding that age is a relevant factor in determining whether a youth is in custody for purposes of Miranda warnings Miller v. Alabama (2012) Abolishing mandatory life without parole sentences for youth convicted of homicide offenses

20 Reform Still Matters

21 Coordinated systems of care Responding to mental health needs Interventions for youth charged with status offenses Stronger legal defense for indigent youth

22 ß

23 Counties have the power to create positive outcomes for kids and communities

24 Bring Reform to Your Community

25 Learn More:

26 Diversion Project

27 In Pennsylvania, avoiding an adjudication of delinquency includes dispositions of: Consent Decree Informal Probation Warn/Counsel/Close Youths are still required to make amends to victims and communities and remain crime free.

28 Long-term consequences to a youth due to an adjudication of delinquency Lower acceptance rates at venues of higher education (colleges, technical schools, etc.) Denial of employment opportunities Effects on military career Research on effects of out-ofhome placement

29 Long-term consequences to the community Slow the track to adult prison Reduce costs to taxpayers Help young people become more productive citizens with a bright future Be tough AND smart on crime

30 PA Juvenile Court Rules adopted in 2005 the Juvenile Probation Department must notify the Commonwealth s Attorney of disposition plans The Commonwealth s Attorney then has the option to file a motion objecting to the handling In Chester County, this led to a significant reduction in the use of all diversion decisions By 2009, we ranked 66 th of 67 counties in PA on diversion rates.

31 Working with MfC since 2005 on youth in the juvenile justice system with behavioral health concerns Participation on the PA Juvenile Justice Mental Health Sub-Committee of the Chief JPO s Council Growing understanding of the negative effects of adjudications of delinquency on individuals and the community

32 Elements of the Grant 2 Intake Diversion PO s Support Staff Diversion Project Supervisor Multi-System Implementation Team and subcommittees Development of diversion database Use of standardized screening and assessment tools Outreach to families, other systems, community Training of staff and stakeholders

33 Screening and assessment MAYSI II behavioral health YLS risk to re-offend assessment Other evaluations Forensic Psychiatric Drug & Alcohol Screenings and assessments are used to assist PO recommendations, not to replace professional judgment

34 Youth are supervised according to their individual risk to re-offend. The team assists youth to Make amends to victims and the community Develop or improve positive skills Access services to address any special needs (mental health and/or substance abuse, anger management, medication management)

35 Increased use of diversion dispositions a 100% increase from 14% to 28% Closer working relationships with justice system stakeholders DA, Human Services, Community, Families Improved access to community resources and services, including Evidence-Based Practices Trainings to improve knowledge of adolescent development in JPO staff and stakeholders Increased use of data to drive decisions

36 Reducing the length of supervision Disproportionate Minority Contact Charge-driven decisions Historical DA community safety perspective Closing the diversion-rate/low-risk rate gap Ongoing fidelity to the model

37 Mary Gaspari Intake Supervisor Tricia Ushler Intake Juvenile Probation Officer Jason Akers Community Regional Supervisor

38 Question & Answer Session Instructions Type your question into the questions box at any time during the presentation, and the moderator will read the question on your behalf during the Q&A session. 38

39 Thank you for participating in NACo s webinar. For more information about NACo s Criminal Justice programs, visit: For more information about Models for Change, visit: Change.aspx With any questions about this webinar, please contact: 39

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