1 LAW ON ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE (Official Gazette of the Republic of Montenegro 55/03 and 31/05) I GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1 This Law shall regulate the use of electronic signature in legal transactions, administrative, judicial and other proceedings, as well as rights, duties and liabilities of legal and natural persons related to electronic certificates, unless otherwise provided by special law. Article 2 Certain terms used in this Law shall have the following definitions: Electronic document - the document in electronic form that is used in legal transactions, administrative, judicial and other proceedings, and includes all forms of written and other text, data, images, drawings, charts, sound, music, speech, computer databases, etc; Electronic signature - a set of data in electronic form that are attached to or logically associated with the electronic document and serve to identify the signatory; Advanced electronic signature - electronic signature that reliably guarantees the identity of the signatory and the integrity of electronic documents and fulfils the conditions laid down by this Law; Signatory - a person who has the means to create an electronic signature that is used to sign in his/her own name or on behalf of a natural or legal person that he/she is representing; Data for creation of electronic signature - unique data, such as codes or private cryptographic keys used by a signatory for creation of electronic signature; Means for creation of electronic signature - the appropriate computer equipment or computer program that signatory uses during creation of electronic signature, using data for creation of electronic signature; Means for creation of advanced electronic signature - means for creation of electronic signature that fulfil the conditions laid down by this Law; Data for verification of electronic signature - information such as codes or public cryptographic keys used for verification of electronic signature; Means for verification of electronic signature - the appropriate computer equipment or programs that are used for verification of electronic signature; Means for verification of advanced electronic signature - means for verification of electronic signatures that fulfil the conditions laid down by this Law; Certificate - a certificate in electronic form, which connects the data for verification of electronic signature to a person and confirms the identity of that person;
2 Qualified certificate - a certificate that contains information provided for in this Law and that is issued by provider of services related to qualified certificates issuance; Certification service provider - legal or natural person (entrepreneur), who issues certificates or provides other services related to electronic signature. II ELECTRONIC DOCUMENT, ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE AND ADVANCED ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE Article 3 The admission of an electronic document with electronic signature or advanced electronic signature may not be rejected only because it is in electronic form. Provision of paragraph 1 of this Article shall not apply to: 1) Legal affairs that transfer immovable property rights or constitute other real rights on immovable property; 2) Probate processes; 3) Contracts regulating property relations between married or not married couples; 4) Contracts on the disposal of property of persons who have been deprived of ability to work; 5) Contracts on the assignment and allocation of lifetime property; 6) Contracts on the lifelong care and agreements relating to inheritance; 7) Gift contracts; 8) Other legal matters for which a special law expressly stipulates the use of manu propria signature in documents on paper or certified manu propria signature. Article 4 If the law or other regulations stipulate that the document should be saved, it may be done in an electronic mode, provided that the electronic document is: 1) Accessible and available within the period established for its keeping; 2) Kept in the same form in which it was made or received; 3) Kept in a manner that allows identification of time and place of its origin or reception and person who has made it; 4) Kept by applying technologies and procedures that provide reliable method for detection of any amendment to the electronic document. Obligation of keeping the document referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall not apply to communication or other data, which only objective is to enable sending or receiving of the electronic document.
3 Article 5 Persons, who keep electronic documents that are electronically signed, shall keep data and means for verification of electronic signature as long as these documents are kept. Article 6 Electronic signature s validity may not be denied, nor may be rejected as the evidence solely because: 1) It is in electronic form; 2) It is not based on a qualified certificate; 3) It is not based on a qualified certificate issued by an accredited certification service provider; 4) It is not created by means for creation of advanced electronic signature. Article 7 Advanced electronic signature, which can be verified on the basis of a qualified certificate, in relation to data in electronic form: - Has the same legal force as manu propria signature, i.e. manu propria signature and stamp in relation to data in paper form; - Is acceptable as evidence in legal affairs. Advanced electronic signature must: Article 8 1) Be exclusively associated with the signatory; 2) Clearly identify the signatory; 3) Be created using means that a signatory can manage independently and that are exclusively under his supervision; 4) Contain direct correlation with the data to which it refers in a manner that unambiguously provides an insight to any amendment to the original data. Article 9 Electronic signature is made using means for electronic signature creation. Advanced electronic signature is made using means for advanced electronic signature creation. Article 10 Means for creation of advanced electronic signature must ensure that: 1) Data for creation of advanced electronic signature appear only once and that their safety is achieved;
4 2) From data for verification of advanced electronic signature, during validity period of certificate, data for formation of advanced electronic signature cannot be obtained with currently available means; 3) Advanced electronic signature is protected from forging using currently available technology; 4) Signatory may reliably protect data for creation of advanced electronic signature from unauthorised use. Means for creation of advanced electronic signature shall not, during creation of advanced electronic signature, change the data that shall be signed or preclude the signatory to have an insight to the data before advanced electronic signature creation process. Article 11 Means for verification of advanced electronic signature are means that provide: 1) Reliable determining that data used for verification of electronic signature correspond to data presented to a person who carries out verification; 2) Reliable verification of signature and correct displaying of the verification results; 3) Reliable insight into the content of signed data; 4) Reliable verification of authenticity and validity of signatory s certificate at the moment of signature verification; 5) Correct displaying of signatory s identity; 6) That any amendment to signed data can be reliably identified. Article 12 Provisions of Article 3, paragraph 1 of this Law shall apply only when the protection of electronic signature and advanced electronic signature as well as verification of signatory s identity are carried out using existing technology by the signatory, or certification service provider. Republic administration authority competent for information technology affairs (hereinafter referred to as the competent administration authority ), shall regulate: 1) Electronic signature and advanced electronic signature protection measures; 2) Signatory s identity verification measures that shall be taken in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article; 3) Technical-technological procedures for creation of advanced electronic signature; 4) Conditions that means for creation of advanced electronic signature shall fulfil.
5 III CERTIFICATES AND PROVISION OF CERTIFICATION SERVICE Qualified certificate must contain: 1) Label that it is a qualified certificate; Article 13 2) Identification data set on the person who issued the certificate; 3) Identification data set on the signatory; 4) Data for verification of electronic signatures that correspond to the data for creation of electronic signature and which are under control of the signatory; 5) Data on the validity period of the certificate; 6) Identification label of issued certificate; 7) Advanced electronic signature of provider of qualified certificates issuance services; 8) Restrictions related to the use of certificate, if any; 9) Restrictions related to the value of business events for which the certificate has been issued, if any. Article 14 Certification service provider may perform certification service, if he has: 1) Established work organisation that guarantees the quality of providing certification service; 2) Financial and material resources that are sufficient for unobstructed provision of certification service, regardless of the number of service users and during the entire time of service provision; 3) Qualified personnel for carrying out adequate professional-technical tasks of certification service provider, keeping the register of signatories and protecting personal data; 4) Technical and program solutions that comply with international standards for performing certification service; 5) System of physical protection of devices, equipment and data; 6) Security solutions for protection against unauthorised access to and damage of information. Article 15 Provider of qualified certificates issuance service, in addition to conditions under the Article 14 of this Law, must meet the following requirements, namely to: 1) Ensure safe performance of certification service, safe and timely keeping of register of signatories and implementation of safe and immediate certificate revocation;
6 2) Provide accurate determination of the date and time (hour and minute) of issuance or revocation of certificate; 3) Provide verification of signatory s identity, in an appropriate manner and in accordance with the regulations, and, if necessary, any additional characteristics of the person to whom the certificate has been issued; 4) Employ personnel with specialist knowledge, experience and professional qualifications necessary for providing certification service, particularly in relation to: competences at the management level, expertise in application of electronic signature technologies and appropriate safety procedures and safe application of appropriate administrative and management procedures that are harmonised with international standards; 5) Use reliable systems and products that are protected from unauthorised changes and that provide technical and cryptographic security of the process; 6) Take measures against forging of certificates, and in cases where provider generates data for creation of electronic signature to guarantee the confidentiality of the process of generating such data; 7) Have financial resources for risk and liability insurance for possible damage caused by providing qualified certificates issuance service; 8) Have system for storing all relevant information relating to qualified certificates in a specific period of time, especially for providing evidence of those certificates for the purposes of legal proceedings, and those information can be stored in electronic form; 9) Have secure system that prevents saving and copying of data for creation of electronic signature for persons to whom certification services are provided; 10) Have systems for physical protection of devices, equipment and data, as well as security solutions for protection against unauthorised access; 11) Provide system for informing the persons seeking certification service about exact terms of using the service, including any restrictions, as well as procedures for resolving complaints, and information that can be delivered electronically must be written and prepared in understandable manner and relevant parts of that information must be available upon the request of third parties that use the certificate; 12) Use reliable system of keeping qualified certificate in a form that allows verification, in order to: - Ensure that input and changes are done only by authorised persons, - Enable verification of authenticity of information in the certificate, - Make certificates available to public for browsing only in those cases for which the registered signatory had given authorisations, - Make any technical change, which could harm safety requirements, known to the certification service provider.
7 Article 16 Certification services may be also preformed by administration authority, if they fulfil all the conditions laid down by this Law and regulations adopted under this Law. The scope of work, content and certification service providers for administration authorities shall be regulated by the Government of the Republic of Montenegro. Article 17 Certification services in the Republic of Montenegro (hereinafter referred to as the Republic ) may be performed also by certification service providers that have head offices abroad. Qualified certificates issued by certification service providers with head office in one of the Member States of the European Union have the same legal force as qualified certificates issued in the Republic. Qualified certificates issued by certification service providers with head office abroad, outside the European Union, have the same legal force as qualified certificates issued in the Republic, provided that: 1) Certification service provider meets the requirements of this Law for issuing qualified certificates and if it has entered into the register of the competent authority in the Republic; 2) Local provider of qualified certificates issuance services guarantees for such qualified certificate; 3) It is stipulated by bilateral or multilateral agreement between the Republic and other countries or international organisations; 4) Qualified certificate or provider of qualified certificates issuance services is recognised on the basis of bilateral or multilateral agreement between the European Union and third countries or international organisations. Article 18 Certification service provider does not need special permission to perform the services. Article 19 Certification service provider has a duty to submit an application to the competent administration authority on beginning of performing certification services, at least eight days before work starts. With the application referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article or in cases of changes in service delivery, certification service provider shall submit documentation about the internal rules of operation related to creation and verification of electronic signatures and internal organisation, as well as documentation proving that conditions under Article 14 and 15 of this Law have been fulfilled.
8 Article 20 Certification services in the Republic may be performed only by registered certification service providers. Article 21 The competent administration authority shall enter certification service providers in records of certification service providers (hereinafter referred to as records ), immediately after the service provider submits the application on the beginning of performing services. Entry in records shall not be subject to administrative procedure conduction. Records shall be public and kept also in electronic form. Records in electronic form shall be signed by advanced electronic signature of the competent administration authority, which qualified certificate is published in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Montenegro". The competent administration authority shall prescribe the content and manner of keeping records, forms of applications for entry in the records and applications for entry of changes, as well as type, content and manner of delivery of documentation necessary for entry in the records. Article 22 Certification service provider who entered the records, if proves that all conditions for delivery of services prescribed by this Law and regulations adopted under this Law are fulfilled, may require from the competent administration authority to enter it in the Register of accredited certification service providers (hereinafter referred to as the register ). The Decision on fulfilment of the conditions referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be adopted by the competent administration authority on the basis of insight in documentation submitted with the application for entry in the register and, if necessary, on the basis of direct insight. The Decision shall be issued within 15 days after the day of proper application submission. The administrative procedure for entry into the register, on issues that are not regulated by this Law, the provisions of the Law on General Administrative Procedure shall be applied. Article 23 The competent administration authority, based on the Decision establishing that the applicant fulfils all prescribed conditions, in terms of Article 22, paragraph 1 of this Law, shall immediately enter the applicant in the register. The register shall be public and kept also in electronic form. The register shall be signed by advanced electronic signature of the competent administration authority, which qualified certificate is published in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Montenegro".
9 The competent administration authority shall prescribe the content and manner of keeping records, forms of applications for entry in the register and list of documentation that is submitted with the application, as well as the amount and manner of payment of registration costs. Article 24 Certification service provider who entered the register (the accredited service provider) may indicate that fact in issued certificates. IV RIGHTS, OBLIGATIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF SIGNATORIES AND CERTIFICATION SERVICE PROVIDERS Article 25 Legal or natural person shall independently select certification service provider. Signatory may use certification services of one or more certification service providers. Signatory shall use certification services pursuant to contract with selected certification service provider. Article 26 Qualified certificate may be issued to any person upon his/her request, based on determined identity and other data about the person to who qualified certificate shall be issued. Article 27 Signatory has duty to protect carefully means and data for creation of electronic signature from unauthorised access and use and to use them in accordance with the provisions of this Law. Article 28 Signatory has duty to submit all necessary data and information about changes that affect or may affect the accuracy of immediate determining of signatory s identity to certification service provider no later than 48 hours after the change occurred. Signatory has duty to seek the revocation of his/her certificate in all cases of loss or damage of means or data for creation of own electronic signature. Article 29 Signatory shall be liable for irregularities that have occurred due to failure to meet the obligations regulated by the provisions of Article 27 and 28 of this Law.
10 Signatory shall not be liable for irregularities in cases when he/she proves that the party whom suffered the damage had not taken, or had wrongly taken the actions related to verification of electronic signature. Certification service provider has duty to: Article 30 1) Ensure that every qualified certificate contains all necessary information regulated by Article 13 of this Law; 2) Conduct full verification of signatory s identity; 3) Ensure accuracy and integrity of data entered in records of issued certificates; 4) Enter basic information about own identity in each certificate; 5) Allow any interested person to have insight into own identification data; 6) Keep timely, accurate and with security measures protected records of certificates that must be publicly available; 7) Keep timely, accurate and with security measures protected records of invalid certificates; 8) Provide visible information about the exact date and time (hour and minute) of issuance or revocation of certificate; 9) Keep all data and documentation about issued and revoked certificates as a proof and verification mean in judicial, administrative and other proceedings, for at least 10 years since their expiration, where data and accompanying documentation may be in electronic form; 10) Apply provisions of the Law and other regulations governing the protection of personal data. Article 31 Certification service provider, before the conclusion of the contract referred to in Article 25, paragraph 3 of this Law, shall notify the person who submitted the request for certification issuance about all relevant circumstances for its use. Notification under paragraph 1 of this Article shall contain: 1) Excerpt from existing regulations, internal rules and other conditions related to the use of certificates; 2) Information on possible restrictions that apply to the use of certificates and the value of business events for which the certificate is issued; 3) Information on appropriate legal remedies when dispute arises; 4) Information on measures that shall be implemented by signatories and on technology necessary for safe creation and verification of electronic signatures. Article 32 Certification service provider has duty to terminate certification service, i.e. revoke a certificate in cases when:
11 1) Revocation of a certificate is required by a signatory or his/her authorised legal representative; 2) Determines that the information in the certificate is incorrect or that the certificate is issued on the basis of erroneous data; 3) Receives official notice that the signatory had lost the capacity to exercise rights, ceased to exist or that circumstances that significantly affect the validity of the certificate had changed; 4) Determines that data for creation of electronic signature or information system of signatory are threatened in a manner that affects reliability and safety of creation of electronic signature; 5) Determines that data for verification of electronic signature or information system of certification service provider are threatened in a manner that affects reliability and safety of certificates; 6) Ceases to work or his work is banned, but validity period of issued certificates has not expired yet. Certification service provider has duty to keep records of all revoked certificates up to date. Certification service provider has duty to notify the signatory about the revocation of the certificate within 24 hours after received request or notification, i.e. arise of circumstances that caused revocation of the certificate. Certification service provider has duty to: Article 33 1) Apply organisational and technical measures of protection of certificates and data related to signatories; 2) Establish and apply a system of protection of access to records of certificates and revoked certificates, which shall allow access only to authorised persons and ensure verification of data transfer accuracy and timely insight into possible errors of technical assets, Measures and procedures referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be prescribed by the competent administration authority. Article 34 In case that certification service provider, due to potential bankruptcy or need, i.e. intent to terminate business activity, has the intention to terminate the contract, it shall notify each signatory and the competent administration authority about that, at least three months before the date scheduled for termination of the contract. Certification service provider has duty to ensure continued performance of certification services for signatories, to whom it has issued the certificates, by other service provider and to deliver it all documentation related to performed certification services. If the certification service provider does not provide continued performance of services by other provider, it shall revoke all issued certificates and immediately, at the latest
12 within 48 hours, notify the competent administration authority and submit all documentation related to performed services. The competent administration authority shall immediately revoke all certificates issued by the service provider that for any reason has not revoked issued certificates, at the expense of the service provider. Article 35 Certification service provider shall ensure connection of its records of issued and revoked certificates with other certification service providers by using available information technology and technical and program means, which operation is in accordance with applicable international standards. The competent administration authority shall stipulate technical rules for ensuring the connection between records of issued and revoked certificates of certification service providers in the Republic. Technical rules referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article shall include currently available scientific and technological achievements, as well as internationally accepted standards and they cannot be set for a period longer than two years. Article 36 Provider of qualified certificates issuance services has duty to insure the risk of liability for damages arising from performing certification services. The competent administration authority shall prescribe the lowest amount of insurance referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article. Article 37 Certification service provider that issues qualified certificates or guarantees for qualified certificates issued by other provider is liable for damage caused to the party who relied on that certificate, if: 1) Information that qualified certificate contains is not valid at the moment of its issuance; 2) The certificate does not contain all elements prescribed for qualified certificate; 3) The provider did not enable a signatory to, at the moment of issuance of the certificate, have data for creation of electronic signature that correspond to data for verification of electronic signature that are given, i.e. identified in the certificate; 4) The provider does not ensure that data for creation and data for verification of electronic signature may be used complementary, when they are generated by the provider; 5) The provider fails to revoke the certificate in accordance with the provisions of Article 32 of this Law; 6) The certificate does not contain information on restrictions regarding the use or the value of business events for which the certificate is issued.
13 Certification service provider is not liable for damage referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, if he proves that he acted with the diligence of a good businessmen. Certification service provider is not liable for the damage caused by the use of the certificate beyond restrictions, if these restrictions are clearly stated in the certificate. Article 38 Certification service provider may collect personal data that are necessary for the issuance and maintenance of the certificate, directly from the signatory or indirectly with his/her clearly expressed consent. Personal information collected in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article cannot be processed or used for other purposes without clearly expressed consent of the signatory. Certification service provider, upon the request of the signatory, may enter signatory s pseudonym in the certificate, instead of full name of the signatory. V SUPERVISION Article 39 Supervision of the certification service providers shall be done by the competent administration authority. Supervision of the certification service providers in domain of collection, use and protection of personal data of signatories may be performed both state and other authorities defined by the Law and other regulations governing the protection of personal data. Article 40 Within the supervision of work of registered, i.e. recorded certification service providers, the competent administration authority shall: 1) Determine whether they fulfil the conditions prescribed by this Law and regulations adopted under this Law; 2) Control the regularity of implementation of prescribed procedures and organisational-technical measures, the application of internal rules regarding the conditions stipulated in this Law and regulations adopted under this Law. Article 41 Certification service provider has duty to enable authorised persons of authorities referred to in Article 39, paragraph 1 and 2 of this Law access to its business premises and insight into business information, insight into business documents, access to the register of signatories and computer equipment and devices that it uses, in order to conduct surveillance. If certification service provider does not fulfil the conditions prescribed by this Law and regulations adopted under this Law, the authorised person of the competent
14 administration authority shall render a Decision on administrative procedure, which shall temporarily prohibit the provision of certification services and that fact shall be entered in the records, i.e. the register. The competent administration authority, after enforceability of the Decision referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article, shall delete certification service provider from records, i.e. the register. VI PENALTY PROVISIONS Article 42 A fine amounting from 3 to 15 minimum wages in the Republic shall be imposed on a natural person, who without authorisation accesses and uses data and means for creation of electronic signature and advanced electronic signature for misdemeanour. Article 43 A fine amounting from 10 to 20 minimum wages in the Republic shall be imposed on a signatory, i.e. natural person or responsible person of legal person who represents the signatory for misdemeanour, if: 1) He/she carelessly and irresponsibly uses the means and data for creation of electronic signature (Article 27); 2) Certification service provider fails to submit required data and information about changes that affect or may affect the accuracy of the electronic signature within the time limit set out in Article 28, paragraph 1 of this Law; 3) Certification service provider fails to submit timely the request for revocation of the certificate (Article 28, paragraph 2). Article 44 A fine amounting from 20 to 150 minimum wages in the Republic shall be imposed on certification service provider for misdemeanour, if it: 1) Issues a qualified certificate that does not contain all the necessary information (Article 13, paragraph 1); 2) Does not report to the competent administration authority the beginning of performing certification services within prescribed period (Article 19, paragraph 1); 3) Does not implement appropriate protective measures to prevent unauthorised saving and copying of data for creation of electronic signature (Article 15, paragraph 1, item 9); 4) Does not inform the signatory to whom it issues the certificate on all relevant conditions of issued certificate use (Article 15, paragraph 1, item 11); 5) Does not determine validly the identity of natural or legal person for whom a qualified certificate is being issued (Article 30, paragraph 1, item 2);
15 6) Does not keep updated and security measures protected records of certificates and does not allow their public accessibility (Article 30, paragraph 1, item 6); 7) Does not keep updated records of all revoked certificates (Article 32, paragraph 2); 8) Does not inform the signatory about completed certificate revocation within prescribed period (Article 32, paragraph 3); 9) Does not timely inform signatories to whom the certificates have been issued and the competent authority about possible bankruptcy or other circumstances that may terminate the performance of certification services (Article 34, paragraph 1); 10) Does not allow authorised persons of the competent authority access to its business premises and insight into business information, business documentation, access to the register of signatories, computer equipment and devices (article 41, paragraph 1). Article 45 A fine amounting from 20 to 100 minimum wages in the Republic shall be imposed on a legal person for misdemeanour, if it: 1) Refuses admission of an electronic document with electronic signature or advanced electronic signature, only because it is in electronic form (Article 3, paragraph 1); 2) Does not store data and means for verification of electronic signature for as long as electronic documents are kept (Article 5). VII TRANSITIONAL AND FINAL PROVISIONS Article 46 Secondary legislation, on the basis of competences referred to in this Law, shall be passed within four months from the day of entry into force of this Law by the competent administration authority. Article 47 This Law shall enter into force on the eighth day following that of its publication in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Montenegro.
REPUBLIC OF SERBIA ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE LAW JUGOSLOVENSKI PREGLED Belgrade, 2009 ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE LAW Note: This is a true translation of the original Law, but it is not legally binding. Original title:
Important Disclaimer The English language text below has been provided by the Translation Centre of the Ministry for European Integration for information only; it confers no rights and imposes no obligations
This is an official translation. The original Icelandic text published in the Law Gazette is the authoritative text. Merchants and Trade - Act No 28/2001 on electronic signatures Chapter I Objectives and
ELECTRONIC COMMERCE AND ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE ACT (ZEPEP-UPB1) (Official consolidated text) On basis of article 153 of the National Assembly of Slovenia Rules of Procedure the National Assembly of the Republic
227/2000 Coll. ACT of 29 th June 2000 on Electronic Signature and change to some other laws (Electronic Signature Act) Amendment: 226/2002 Coll. Amendment: 517/2002 Coll. Amendment :440/2004 Coll. Amendment:
Federal Electronic Signature Law (Signature Law - SigG) Section l Purpose and definitions Purpose and scope 1. (1) The present federal law sets out the legal framework governing the creation and use of
215 ACT of 15 March 2002 on electronic signature and on the amendment and supplementing of certain acts as amended by Act No. 679/2004 Coll., Act No. 25/2006 Coll., Act No. 275/2006 Coll., Act No. 214/2008
Republic of Albania National Authority for Electronic Certification Guidelines for the use of electronic signature Guide Nr. 001 September 2011 Version 1.3 Guidelines for the use of electronic signature
Qualified Electronic Signatures Act (SFS 2000:832) The following is hereby enacted 1 Introductory provision 1 The purpose of this Act is to facilitate the use of electronic signatures, through provisions
NB: Unofficial translation; legally binding texts are those in Finnish and Swedish Act on Strong Electronic Identification and Electronic Signatures (617/2009) Chapter 1 General provisions Section 1 Scope
ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE LAW Purpose (Published in the Official Journal No 25355, 2004-01-23) CHAPTER ONE Purpose, Scope and Definitions Article 1 The purpose of this Law is to regulate the legal and technical
LAW No. 107/2015 ON ELECTRONIC IDENTIFICATION AND TRUST SERVICES Pursuant to article 78 and 83, paragraph 1 of the Constitution, upon the proposal of the Council of Ministers, THE ASSEMBLY OF THE REPUBLIC
ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE LAW (Published in the Official Gazette ref 25355, 2004-01-23) SECTION ONE Purpose, Scope and Definitions Purpose Article 1 The purpose of this Law is to define the principles for the
REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA. LAW ON ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE CHAPTER I. GENERAL PROVISIONS... 1 ARTICLE 1. Purpose of the Law... 1 ARTICLE 2. Basic Definitions of this Law... 2 CHAPTER II. SIGNATURE CREATION, VERIFICATION,
GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA CENTRE FOR INFORMATICS ELECTRONIC COMMERCE AND ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE ACT LJUBLJANA, JUNE 2000 INTRODUCTION Marin Siliÿ The Act of the electronic commerce and electronic
Law Governing Framework Conditions for Electronic Signatures and Amending Other Regulations inofficial version for industry consultation for official German text please refer to the Official Journal (Bundesgesetzblatt
Estonie Loi sur la signature électronique Entrée en vigueur le 15 décembre 2000 Estonia - Digital Signatures Act Passed 8 March 2000 (RT I 2000, 26, 150), entered into force 15 December 2000. Chapter I
Unrevised translation The Electronic Signatures Act of 15 June 2001 no. 81 (last revision 17 June 2005) (Unofficial translation. Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority (NPT) is without any responsibilities
1 L.R.O. 2001 Electronic Transactions CAP. 308B CHAPTER 308B ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS SECTION PART I Preliminary 1. Short title. 2. Interpretation. 3. Non-application of Parts II
STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS 2002 No. 318 ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS The Electronic Signatures Regulations 2002 Made - - - - - 13th February 2002 Laid before Parliament 14th February 2002 Coming into force - -
FACTORING LAW I. BASIC PROVISIONS Article 1 This Law governs the concept and subjects of factoring; parties to factoring; conditions and manner of providing factoring services; types of factoring; rights
L A W ON ELECTRONIC DOCUMENT I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Scope of the Law Article 1 This Law shall regulate the conditions and manner of handling of electronic document in legal transactions, administrative,
No. 248/71 (4) Regulation for the Provision of Electronic Signature Certification Services THE HELLENIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS & POST COMMISSION (EETT) Taking into account: a. Law No. 2867/2000 "Organization
CROATIAN PARLIAMENT 1364 Pursuant to Article 88 of the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia, I hereby pass the DECISION PROMULGATING THE ACT ON PERSONAL DATA PROTECTION I hereby promulgate the Act on
LAW ON PLEDGE OF MOVABLE ASSETS REGISTERED IN THE PLEDGE REGISTRY (Published in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia No. 57/03, 61/05, 64/06) I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Subject Matter of the Law Art.
ACT AMENDING THE FINANCIAL OPERATIONS, INSOLVENCY PROCEEDINGS AND COMPULSORY DISSOLUTION ACT Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Slovenia 2010 MINISTRY OF JUSTICE OF SLOVENIA LEGISLATION Disclaimer:
LAW OF GEORGIA ON ELECTRONIC SIGNATURES AND ELECTRONIC DOCUMENTS Article 1 - Purpose and scope of the law 1. This Law establishes a legal framework for electronic document flow systems and the use of electronic
Ministry of Labour and Social Policy LAW ON VOLUNTARY FULLY FUNDED PENSION INSURANCE 1 Table of Contents CHAPTER 1 GENERAL PROVISIONS... 3 CHAPTER 2 VOLUNTARY PENSION FUNDS... 7 CHAPTER 3 PENSION COMPANIES
LEGISLATION COMMITTEE OF THE CROATIAN PARLIAMENT 2300 Pursuant to its authority from Article 59 of the Rules of Procedure of the Croatian Parliament, the Legislation Committee determined the revised text
LAW ON THE PROTECTOR OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS Podgorica, July 2003 LAW ON THE PROTECTOR OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS I BASIC PROVISIONS Article 1 Establishing the Protector of Human Rights and Freedoms
BERMUDA 1999 : 26 ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS ACT 1999 [Date of Assent 5 August 1999] [Operative Date 4 October 1999] ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS 1 Citation PART I PRELIMINARY 2 Definitions 3 Crown to be bound
LAW no. 455 on July 18, 2001 on electronic signature The Parliament of Romania adopts this law. CHAPTER I: General Provisions SECTION 1: General Principles Art. 1. This law regulates the legal status of
Swedbank, AB payment services provision conditions 1. TERMS 1.1. Terms used in these Swedbank, AB Payment Services Provision Regulations have the following meanings: 1.1.1. Personal Data means any information
Personal Data Act (1998:204); issued 29 April 1998. Be it enacted as follows. General provisions Purpose of this Act Section 1 The purpose of this Act is to protect people against the violation of their
QUO FA T A F U E R N T BERMUDA ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS ACT 1999 1999 : 26 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Citation Definitions Crown to be bound Objects Regulatory policy
This is an English translation. The original Icelandic text, as published in the Law Gazette (Stjórnartíðindi), is the authoritative text. Should there be discrepancy between this translation and the authoritative
Page 1 of 9 GRTGAZ NETWORK TRANSMISSION CONTRACT APPENDIX A3 STANDARD EVIDENCE AGREEMENT English translation for information. Disclaimer The present translation is not binding and is provided by GRTgaz
Pursuant to the provisions of the Article 99 of the Capital Markets Act (Official Gazette 88/08, 146/08), the Management Board of the Croatian Financial Services Supervisory Agency issued at its session
Lao People s Democratic Republic Peace Independence Democracy Unity Prosperity National Assembly No 20/NA Vientiane Capital, Date: 7 December 2012 (Unofficial Translation) LAW ON ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS
THE LAW ON POLITICAL PARTIES I. GENERAL PROVISIONS SUBJECT OF THE LAW Article 1 This Law governs the establishment and the legal position of political parties, their entry and deletion from the Registry,
Act on Insurance Mediation and Reinsurance Mediation The full wording of Act No. 340/2005 Coll. dated 23 June 2005 on insurance mediation and resinsurance mediation and on amendments to certain laws, as
Law on the electronic signature 94.0 Notice This English translation has no official character. The only authentic texts are the German, French and Italian versions published in the Official Compendium
Guidelines on the way of developing the instruction specifying the method of managing the computer system used for personal data processing, with particular consideration of the information security requirements.
SWEDBANK AS TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR PAYMENT CARDS SERVICING Valid from 01.12.2014 1. TERMS AND DEFINITIONS 1.1 Account is a current account of the Merchant specified in the Agreement. 1.2 Agreement is
P. 31/48 LEGISLATIVE DECREE LEGISLATIVE DECREE NO.28 of 2002 WITH RESPECT TO ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS We, Hamad bin Isa bin Salman Al-Khalifa, King of the Kingdom of Bahrain, Article 1 Definitions having
CO-OPERATION AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA AND THE EUROPEAN POLICE OFFICE Preamble The Government of Canada and the European Police Office (Europol), hereinafter referred to as the "Parties":
GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF USING ELECTRONIC BANKING SERVICES VobEbank service for Legal Entities segmented as Small Business Banking and Entrepreneurs I DEFINITIONS: The terms used in these General
LAW Nо. 05/L-015 ON IDENTITY CARDS The Assembly of the Republic of Kosovo, Based on Article 65 (1) of the Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo, Approves LAW ON IDENTITY CARDS CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
ACT ON LIABILITY FOR NUCLEAR DAMAGE Published in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia - International Treaties, No. 77/2010 UNOFFICIAL TRANSLATION I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1 (Contents)
COMPANY INFO 1 (23) Ericsson Group Certificate Value Statement - 2013 COMPANY INFO 2 (23) Contents 1 Ericsson Certificate Value Statement... 3 2 Introduction... 3 2.1 Overview... 3 3 Contact information...
Electronic Transactions Law Royal Decree No. )M/18( 8 Rabi' I- 1428H 26 March 2007 Chapter One General Provisions Definitions Article (1): The following words and phrases, wherever mentioned in this Law,
USER AGREEMENT FOR: ELECTRONIC DEALINGS THROUGH THE CUSTOMS CONNECT FACILITY CONDITIONS OF USE FOR ELECTRONIC DEALINGS THROUGH THE CUSTOMS CONNECT FACILITY Between: the Commonwealth of Australia, acting
STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS 2012 No. _ THE ELECTRONIC SIGNATURES REGULATIONS 2012 ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS Regulation PART I-PRELIMINARY 1. Title. 2. Interpretation PART II - LICENSING AND RECOGNITION OF CERTIFICATION
Republic of Macedonia LAW ON MANDATORY FULLY FUNDED PENSION INSURANCE Table of Contents CHAPTER 1 GENERAL PROVISIONS... 1 CHAPTER 2 PENSION COMPANIES FOR MANAGING PENSION FUNDS... 5 CHAPTER 3 ESTABLISHMENT
ELECTRONIC SIGNATURES AND ASSOCIATED LEGISLATION This can be a complex subject and the following text offers a brief introduction to Electronic Signatures, followed by more background on the Register of
ACCReDITATION COuNCIL OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO ACT ChAPTeR 39:06 Act 16 of 2004 Amended by 16 of 2007 10 of 2008 Current Authorised Pages Pages Authorised (inclusive) by 1 8.. 9 16.. 17 19.. 2 Chap. 39:06
APPROVED BY the CSDL Board meeting on October 19, 2007 Minutes No. 4 THE RULES ON THE SECURITIES SETTLEMENT SYSTEM OF THE CENTRAL SECURITIES DEPOSITORY OF LITHUANIA I. GENERAL PROVISIONS 1. The Rules on
Legal notice All effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this translation, which is based on the original Slovenian text. All translations of this kind may, nevertheless, be subject to a certain
Electronic Signature Law of the People s Republic of China Full text Contents Chapter I General Provisions Chapter II Data Message Chapter III Electronic Signature and Certification Chapter IV Legal Responsibility
ACT ON THE CHAMBER OF ARCHITECTS AND CHAMBERS OF ENGINEERS IN CONSTRCUTION AND PHYSICAL PLANNING I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1 (1) This Act regulates the basic structure, area of competence, public authorities
THE CROATIAN PARLIAMENT 1456 Pursuant to Article 89 of the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia, I hereby issue the DECISION PROMULGATING THE ACT ON SETTLEMENT FINALITY IN PAYMENT AND FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Bureau of Experts at the Council of Ministers Official Translation Department Electronic Transactions Law Royal Decree No. M/18, 8 Rabi I - 1428H 26 March 2007 Translation of Saudi
ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE LAW INTERNAL ORDER Article 1. Short Name PART ONE General Provisions Article 2. Article 3. Article 4. Definitions Purpose Scope PART TWO Secure Electronic Signature, Tools for Creating
Version 2009 Version 2013 1. Purpose These Terms and Conditions supplement the General Terms and Conditions of the Raiffeisen bank and regulate the communication between the customer and the Raiffeisen
LAW ON PAYMENT SERVICES Part I INTRODUCTORY PROVISIONS Subject matter Article 1 This Law regulates the conditions and manner of providing payment services, electronic money, payment systems and supervision
Translated from Chinese Order of the State Council (No. 631) The Regulation on the Credit Reporting Industry, as adopted at the 228th session of the executive meeting of the State Council on December 26,
1. GENERAL PROVISIONS 1.1. Upon provision by Danske Bank A/S Estonia branch (hereinafter: Bank) to the Client of investment services and/or ancillary investment services (hereinafter collectively referred
LAW OF MONGOLIA ON ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE December 15, 2011 Ulaanbaatar CHAPTER ONE GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. Purpose of the law 1.1 The purpose of this Law is to determine the legal base of using electronic
Law on the Takeover of Joint Stock Companies CONSOLIDATED TEXT Law on the Takeover of Joint Stock Companies ("Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia" no.4/2002, 37/2002 and 36/2007) I. GENERAL PROVISIONS
Authorised Persons Regulations Contents Part 1: General Provisions Article 1: Preliminary... Article 2: Definitions... Article 3: Compliance with the Regulations and Rules... Article 4: Waivers... Part
Rector s Directive No. 1/2013 On Data Protection and the Detailed and Uniform Data Management Regulation Budapest, 2013 Version effective as of 31 January 2013 Directives on Data Protection and the Uniform
ACT Of.2014 On Cyber Security and Change of Related Acts (Act on Cyber Security) The Parliament has resolved on the following Act of the Czech Republic: PART ONE Cyber Security Chapter I General provisions
492 ACT ON PAYMENT SERVICES The full text of Act No 492/2009 Coll. on payment services and on amendments to certain laws, as amended by Act No 130/2011 Coll., Act No 394/2011 Coll., Act No 520/2011 Coll.,
TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF INTERNET AND TELEPHONE BANKING SERVICES FOR PRIVATE CUSTOMERS Effective as of 2014-07-10 1. DEFINITIONS 1.1. Terms and Conditions these Terms and Conditions of Internet and Telephone
GUIDELINES ON COMPLIANCE FUNCTION FOR FUND MANAGEMENT COMPANIES Issued: 15 March 2005 Revised: 25 April 2014 1 P a g e List of Revision Revision Effective Date 1 st Revision 23 May 2011 2 nd Revision 16
WEBKINCSTAR ONLINE SECURITIES TRADING - TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF USE The Hungarian State Treasury (hereinafter: Distributor) provides general information (on its website) and executes securities trading
Pursuant to Article 35, paragraph 1, sub-paragraph 1.1 of the Law No. 03/L-209 on the Central Bank of the Republic of Kosovo (Official Gazette of the Republic of Kosovo, no.77/16, August 2010), Article
ACTS SUPPLEMENT No. 4 18th March, 2011. ACTS SUPPLEMENT to The Uganda Gazette No. 19 Volume CIV dated 18th March, 2011. Printed by UPPC, Entebbe, by Order of the Government. Act 7 Electronic Signatures
This English translation of the ACT ON ELECTRONIC SIGNATURES AND CERTIFICATION BUSINESS Effective April 1, 2001 has been prepared in compliance with the Standard Bilingual Dictionary March 2006 edition.
THIRD SUPPLEMENT TO THE GIBRALTAR GAZETTE No. 4,167 of 7th May, 2015 B. 13/15 Clause PRIVATE TRUST COMPANIES BILL 2015 1. Short title and commencement. 2. Interpretation. 3. Registration of Private Trust
THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA LAW ON CIRCULATION OF CREDIT INFORMATION AND ACTIVITIES OF CREDIT BUREAUS Adopted October 22, 2008 Article 1. Subject of Law CHAPTER 1 GENERAL PROVISIONS 1. This law regulates terms
THE CROATIAN PARLIAMENT 3222 Pursuant to Article 89 of the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia, I hereby issue the DECISION PROMULGATING THE BUILDING INSPECTION ACT I hereby promulgate the Building