Data exploration with Microsoft Excel: univariate analysis


 Colleen Hubbard
 2 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Data exploration with Microsoft Excel: univariate analysis Contents 1 Introduction Exploring a variable s frequency distribution Calculating measures of central tendency Calculating measures of dispersion (spread) Exploring the shape of a variable s distribution Generating summary statistics Introduction This guide covers the use of Microsoft Excel (hereafter: Excel) for univariate data exploration. It shows how techniques discussed in Chapter 13 can be applied in Excel. Please refer to Chapter 13 for more details on the specific techniques and their interpretation; the focus here is on how to carry them out in Excel. It covers four topics: 1. Exploring a variable s frequency distribution 2. Calculating measures of central tendency 3. Calculating measures of dispersion (spread) 4. Exploring the shape of a variable s distribution 5. Generating summary statistics The guide is not written for a specific version of Excel although it includes screenshots for Excel Most of the functionality referred to in the guide is also available in earlier and later versions, although the user interface has changed somewhat. The guide assumes that you have entered your data and prepared it for analysis as described in the guide Introduction to using Microsoft Excel for quantitative data analysis. It also assumes that you are familiar with basic Excel functionality, including creating and editing charts (for information on how to use functions and the Data Analysis ToolPak see Introduction to using Microsoft Excel for quantitative data analysis). Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 1
2 2 Exploring a variable s frequency distribution As explained in Chapter 13, there are two main ways of exploring a variable s frequency distribution: frequency tables and graphical displays. 2.1 Creating frequency tables in Excel using pivot tables Pivot tables are the most efficient way of creating frequency tables in Excel. They can be extended to more complex analysis such as contingency tables and can be used as the basis for graphical outputs. They are widely used in business and management, for example for financial analysis, so you may already be familiar with how they work. If you are new to pivot tables, it is worth taking some time to learn how to use them as they are a very flexible analysis tool which makes them ideally suited for data exploration. We will demonstrate their use in creating frequency tables for a simple dataset about customers shopping habits (Figure 1) (available on the website as a downloadable file customer satisfaction.xlsx). One of the nominal variables in the dataset records the store location where the customer shops (north, central or south). Our aim is to create a simple frequency table showing how many customers shop in each location and what per cent that represents of the total. We will also add a cumulative per cent column. Figure 1 Customer satisfaction dataset Creating a table of frequency counts To create a pivot table, carry out the following steps: Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 2
3 1. Check that the data are ready for analysis. Each column requires a unique header, there should be no missing rows or columns and, if nominal variables are left as text, spelling should be consistent. 2. Click on any cell in the dataset. 3. Select Insert > PivotTable > PivotTable to open up the Create PivotTable dialogue box (see Figure 2). Note: Excel writes PivotTable as a single word. Figure 2 PivotTable dialogue box 4. In the dialogue box, select the table or range you wish to analyse. If you placed the cursor in a cell in the dataset before opening up the dialogue box, the dataset should automatically be selected. If not, select it manually. 5. Choose where you want the PivotTable to be placed. The default is New Worksheet which is generally the easier option. 6. When ready, click OK. This will insert an empty PivotTable report and a PivotTable Field List into a new worksheet (Figure 3). Figure 3 PivotTable report and Field List Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 3
4 7. The PivotTable Field List consists of two parts. The upper part, the field section, lists all the field names you can add to the PivotTable. In this case it is all the variable names (column headers) in the dataset. The lower part, the layout section, contains the Report Filter area, the Column Labels area, the Row Labels area and the Values area. You populate the PivotTable report by dragging and dropping fields from the field section into the appropriate area in the layout section (Figure 4). Figure 4 PivotTable Field List 8. To create a frequency table for the variable Store location, start by dragging and dropping the field Store location from the field section into the Row Labels area. Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 4
5 This creates a set of row labels in the table, one for each value in the Store location variable and a grand total. 9. Next, drag and drop the field Store location from the field section into the Values area. This immediately creates a new column Count of Store location in the PivotTable report that gives the frequency of occurrence of each category in the variable, as well as a count of the grand total. (Note: count is the default value setting for nominal data in an Excel pivot table; for metric data, the default is to sum the values in each category.) The resulting table is shown in Figure 5. Figure 5 Frequency table of Store location showing counts only (n = 20) Adding per cent columns to a frequency table Now that the basic frequency table has been created, the next step is to add a column showing the per cent of the total represented by each category. To do this: 1. Drag and drop another copy of the Store location field into the Values box in the PivotTable Field List. This will add another column to the pivot table, called Count of Store location 2 (Figure 6). (Hint: if your PivotTable Field List has disappeared, click on the PivotTable report and it will reappear.) Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 5
6 Figure 6 Adding an additional column 2. Click on the down arrow of the new field in the Values area of the PivotTable Field List. This opens up a new menu. Choose Value Field Settings to open the Value Field Settings dialogue box (Figure 7). Figure 7 Value Field Settings dialogue box 3. The Value Field Settings dialogue box allows you to manipulate the values displayed in the pivot table for that field: a. The Summarise Values By tab allows you to determine the value displayed in each cell (e.g. count, average, etc.) b. The Show Values As tab gives further options for displaying the data. 4. Select the Show Values As tab. From the Show Values As drop down box, select % Column Total. Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 6
7 5. At this point you can change the default name at the column head by typing your choice of name in the Custom Name field. (Note: you can also change column headers by typing directly into the PivotTable report.) 6. If desired, click on the Number Format button to open up Excel s number format dialogue box if you wish to change the format of the numbers (e.g. to set the number of decimal places). (Note: you can also change number formats directly in the PivotTable report using the standard commands available under the Home tab.) 7. Click OK. The resulting frequency table is shown in Figure 8, with the column header changed to Per cent of total and the number of decimal places set to 0 for the per cent column. Figure 8 Frequency table of Store location showing counts and per cent (n = 20) Adding a cumulative per cent column to a frequency table To add a cumulative per cent column to your frequency table, repeat steps 1 to 3 above to create a new column and open the Value Field Settings dialogue box. In that box, select the Show Values tab and in the Show Values As drop down box select % Running Total In. Select Store location in the Base field box. As before, you can change the name and set the number format (Figure 9). Figure 9 Value Field Settings for cumulative per cent column Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 7
8 Once complete the pivot table fields can be renamed and reformatted if required. Figure 10 shows the final result. The finished table can be copied and pasted into a wordprocessing package for further editing or be used as the basis for generating graphs (charts). Figure 10 Frequency table of Store location showing counts, per cent and cumulative per cent (n = 20) The contents of a PivotTable report can easily be changed by adding, removing or replacing fields in the Field List. Similarly, you can change how the values are displayed via the Value Field Settings dialogue box at any time. The down arrow filter on the Row Labels header (next to Store location in Figure 10) can be used to sort and filter the rows. In the guide Data exploration with Excel: analysing more than one variable, we will show how pivot tables can be used to analyse two or more variables. 2.2 Creating frequency tables in Excel using the COUNTIF function Another, less flexible, way of creating frequency tables is to use Excel s COUNTIF function. An example is shown in Figure 11. Figure 11 Frequency table created using COUNTIF function Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 8
9 The cells in the Count column are populated using the COUNTIF function. Choose the destination cell and then select Formulas > More Functions > Statistical > COUNTIF. In the Function Argument dialogue box (Figure 12), enter the range of the data and the criteria in the relevant boxes; these tell Excel where to look and what to count. In this case the word North is entered in the Criteria box which gives a count of 7, as expected. Figure 12 COUNTIF Function Argument dialogue box Once the individual cells in the count column have been populated, Excel can be used to calculate the grand total (Hint: use the SUM function) and additional columns calculated for per cent and cumulative per cent as shown in Figure Graphical techniques for exploring frequency distributions Excel s suite of chart (graph) tools can be used to explore frequency distributions visually. If your data are already in a suitable format, for example if you have preexisting frequency tables or you have created frequency tables using the COUNTIF function, you can generate suitable graphs via the Insert tab and select an appropriate chart type, such as a bar or pie chart. Figure 13 shows a pie chart created from the frequency table in Figure 11. It has been edited using the Chart Tools in Excel to include per cent labels for the slices, a chart legend and a suitable title (Hint: click on the chart to activate these tools). Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 9
10 Figure 13 Pie chart created from preexisting frequency table (Note: For convenience of presentation and to make it easier to relate the output to the raw data, we have created the frequency table and the pie chart in the same worksheet as the main dataset. For large data sets and to avoid overwriting your data, it is usually better to work in a separate worksheet when creating output of this kind.) Using pivot charts to display frequency distributions Pivot charts provide a very useful way of generating graphical displays of frequency distributions directly from a dataset. They can be generated either from a pivot table that you have created or directly using the PivotChart command. We will demonstrate the latter using the customer satisfaction data and the Store location variable. To create a pivot chart using the PivotChart command, select Insert > PivotChart. This opens up the Create PivotChart with PivotTable dialogue box. This is similar to the PivotTable equivalent (Figure 2) so select the data table/range and the location for the output (New Worksheet is the default). Click OK. This opens up a blank PivotChart area, along with a blank PivotTable report and Field List similar to those you have already seen (Figure 14). Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 10
11 Figure 14 PivotChart area To populate the chart area, carry out the following steps: 1. In the PivotTable Field List drag and drop a copy of the Store location field into the Axis Fields (Categories) area. 2. Drag and drop a second copy of the Store location field into the Values area (as with the pivot table, this field contains nominal data so the Excel default value setting is count). 3. A PivotChart in the form of a bar (Excel: column) chart is created along with a PivotTable report of the data (Figure 15). 4. This chart can now be formatted using the PivotChart tools if needed. Figure 15 Bar chart of shopping by store location (n =20) If you want to change the type of chart, for example to a pie chart, you can do this via PivotChart Tools > Design > Change Chart Type > Pie. Select the type of pie chart you want Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 11
12 and click OK. The resulting chart can then be formatted as desired using the PivotChart Tools. Figure 16 shows a pie chart created in this way after formatting. Figure 16 Pie chart of shopping by store location (n = 20) Creating histograms in Excel Histograms are a useful way of inspecting the frequency distribution and the shape of the distribution of metric variables. Excel s Data Analysis ToolPak contains a function for generating histograms from your data. To illustrate how this is done, we will create a histogram for the Satisfaction variable in the customer satisfaction dataset. 1. Select Data > Data Analysis to open the Data Analysis dialogue box. Select Histogram and click OK. This opens up the Histogram dialogue box (Figure 17). 2. In the Histogram dialogue box enter the desired range in the Input Range box. If you have included the column header, tick the Labels in first row box. Confirm where you want the output to go; New Worksheet Ply is the default and is recommended. 3. Select the Chart Output box (leave the others blank). (Note: the histogram function can also be used to generate Pareto charts and cumulative per cent outputs by checking the appropriate box but the result will not be a standard histogram.) Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 12
13 Figure 17 Histogram dialogue box 4. Click OK. The resulting output is shown in Figure 18. It includes both a summary table and the histogram graph. Figure 18 Histogram output The resulting chart can be edited in Excel as any normal chart. Conventionally there are no gaps between the bars in histograms. To remove the gaps, right click on a bar and choose Format Data Series > Series Options and move the Gap Width slider to No Gap. You can also add an outline to the bar if desired using the Format Data Series tools. A formatted version of the histogram is shown in Figure 19. Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 13
14 Figure 19 Formatted histogram The histogram function automatically selects a bin range for the histogram. In some cases, for example if the dataset is small, the resulting bin range may not be very informative. It also groups high values together under the label more which makes it harder to spot outliers or extreme values. Additionally, if you are working with Likertscale data it is often useful to set the bin range so that the intervals represent a point on the scale 1. You can set your own bin range intervals as follows: 1. Create a new column in your worksheet (Hint: keep it separate from your main dataset) showing the bin intervals you want to use. The number entered sets the upper level of that interval (inclusive). Give the column an appropriate title. If using Likertscale data, set the bin range 1, 2 n (n = maximum value of scale). See Figure 20. Customer satisfaction is measured on a 7point scale so we have set the bin range 1, Note we are treating the Likert data as an interval for the purposes of this illustration (see Chapter 13 for a discussion). Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 14
15 Figure 20 Creating intervals for a histogram bin range 2. Open up the Histogram dialogue box (Data > Data Analysis > Histogram > OK). 3. In the Histogram dialogue box enter the desired range in the Input Range box. 4. Now select the bin range (i.e. the new column of bin range intervals that you have created). 5. If you have included the column header, tick the Labels in first row box (Note: both the data to be analysed and the bin range must have headers). Confirm where you want the output to go; New Worksheet Ply is the default and is recommended. Select the Chart Output box (see Figure 21). Figure 21 Histogram dialogue box with bin range specified 6. Click OK. Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 15
16 The resulting output is shown in Figure 22. It can now be formatted as required. Figure 22 Histogram with specified bin range 3 Calculating measures of central tendency Measures of central tendency introduced in Chapter 13 can be calculated using Excel s statistical functions (select Formulas > More Functions > Statistical and select chosen function to open the relevant Function Argument dialogue box). These are shown in Table 1. See Introduction to using Microsoft Excel for quantitative data analysis (Appendix A) for more details on how to select and use functions. Table 1 Measures of central tendency in Excel s statistical functions Function name AVERAGE MEDIAN MODE.SNGL Description Returns the arithmetic mean (average) of the given numbers Returns the median of the given numbers Returns the mode of the given numbers These can also be calculated using the Descriptive Statistics function in the Data Analysis ToolPak (see below). 4 Calculating measures of dispersion (spread) Measures of dispersion (spread) introduced in Chapter 13 can be calculated using Excel s statistical functions (select Formulas > More Functions > Statistical and select chosen function to open the relevant Function Argument dialogue box). These are shown in Table 2; note that if you are using sample data, you should use STDEV.S and VAR.S for calculating the standard deviation and variance of your sample. See Introduction to using Microsoft Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 16
17 Excel for quantitative data analysis (Appendix A) for more details on how to select and use functions. Table 2 Measures of dispersion in Excel s statistical functions Function name MAX MIN STDEV.P STDEV.S VAR.P VAR.S Description Returns the maximum value of the given numbers Returns the minimum value of the given numbers Returns the standard deviation of the given numbers, based on the population Returns the standard deviation of the given numbers, based on a sample Returns the variance of the given numbers, based on the population Returns the variance of the given numbers, based on a sample These can also be calculated using the Descriptive Statistics function in the Data Analysis ToolPak (see below). 5 Exploring the shape of a variable s distribution Excel s Histogram function in the Data Analysis ToolPak described above (select Data > Data Analysis > Histogram > OK) can be used to generate a histogram for visual evaluation of the shape of a metric variable s distribution. Excel s statistical functions include functions for calculating skewness and kurtosis (Table 3). See Using Microsoft Excel for quantitative data analysis guide (Appendix A) for more details on how to select and use functions. Table 3 Measures of dispersion in Excel s statistical functions Function name KURT SKEW Description Returns the kurtosis of a dataset Returns the skewness of a dataset These can also be calculated using the Descriptive Statistics function in the Data Analysis ToolPak (see below). 6 Generating summary statistics Excel s Descriptive Statistics routine in the Data Analysis ToolPak provides a quick way of generating summary statistics for metric variables that includes measures of central tendency, dispersion and skewness/kurtosis. To calculate descriptive statistics (for convenience this is Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 17
18 repeated from Appendix B to Introduction to using Microsoft Excel for quantitative data analysis): Select Data > Data Analysis to open the Data Analysis menu dialogue box (Figure 23). Figure 23 Data Analysis menu dialogue box Select the desired function, in this case Descriptive Statistics, which opens the relevant dialogue box (Figure 24). In the dialogue box, enter the desired range in the Input Range box. If you have included the column header, select the Labels in first row box. Confirm where you want the output to go. The default setting is New Worksheet Ply which creates a new worksheet for the output; since most ToolPak outputs are quite large, this is a sensible option. Select Summary Statistics to get descriptive statistics for your chosen data; you can also select an appropriate confidence interval for the mean if desired (the default is 95%). Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 18
19 Figure 24 Descriptive Statistics dialogue box Click OK. The output will be shown in a new worksheet (Figure 25). Note that here the column widths have been adjusted to make it easier to read. Figure 25 Descriptive Statistics output for variable Age Note also that this output is not dynamically linked to the original dataset so changes to the dataset will not automatically be updated in the output. You will need to run a new analysis. Once created, the output can be cutandpasted into wordprocessing software for further editing. (Hint: if using the Descriptive Statistics function, you can select multiple adjacent metric variables and the function will report the output for each one.) Management Research: Applying the Principles 2015 Susan Rose, Nigel Spinks & Ana Isabel Canhoto 19
Data exploration with Microsoft Excel: analysing more than one variable
Data exploration with Microsoft Excel: analysing more than one variable Contents 1 Introduction... 1 2 Comparing different groups or different variables... 2 3 Exploring the association between categorical
More informationAn introduction to using Microsoft Excel for quantitative data analysis
Contents An introduction to using Microsoft Excel for quantitative data analysis 1 Introduction... 1 2 Why use Excel?... 2 3 Quantitative data analysis tools in Excel... 3 4 Entering your data... 6 5 Preparing
More informationAppendix 2.1 Tabular and Graphical Methods Using Excel
Appendix 2.1 Tabular and Graphical Methods Using Excel 1 Appendix 2.1 Tabular and Graphical Methods Using Excel The instructions in this section begin by describing the entry of data into an Excel spreadsheet.
More informationSECTION 21: OVERVIEW SECTION 22: FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTIONS
SECTION 21: OVERVIEW Chapter 2 Describing, Exploring and Comparing Data 19 In this chapter, we will use the capabilities of Excel to help us look more carefully at sets of data. We can do this by reorganizing
More informationHow to Use a Data Spreadsheet: Excel
How to Use a Data Spreadsheet: Excel One does not necessarily have special statistical software to perform statistical analyses. Microsoft Office Excel can be used to run statistical procedures. Although
More informationComputer Training Centre University College Cork. Excel 2013 Pivot Tables
Computer Training Centre University College Cork Excel 2013 Pivot Tables Table of Contents Pivot Tables... 1 Changing the Value Field Settings... 2 Refreshing the Data... 3 Refresh Data when opening a
More informationCREATING EXCEL PIVOT TABLES AND PIVOT CHARTS FOR LIBRARY QUESTIONNAIRE RESULTS
CREATING EXCEL PIVOT TABLES AND PIVOT CHARTS FOR LIBRARY QUESTIONNAIRE RESULTS An Excel Pivot Table is an interactive table that summarizes large amounts of data. It allows the user to view and manipulate
More informationUsing Excel for Analyzing Survey Questionnaires Jennifer Leahy
University of WisconsinExtension Cooperative Extension Madison, Wisconsin PD &E Program Development & Evaluation Using Excel for Analyzing Survey Questionnaires Jennifer Leahy G365814 Introduction You
More informationUsing Excel for descriptive statistics
FACT SHEET Using Excel for descriptive statistics Introduction Biologists no longer routinely plot graphs by hand or rely on calculators to carry out difficult and tedious statistical calculations. These
More informationTo create a histogram, you must organize the data in two columns on the worksheet. These columns must contain the following data:
You can analyze your data and display it in a histogram (a column chart that displays frequency data) by using the Histogram tool of the Analysis ToolPak. This data analysis addin is available when you
More informationUsing Excel as a Management Reporting Tool with your Minotaur Data. Exercise 1 Customer Item Profitability Reporting Tool for Management
Using Excel as a Management Reporting Tool with your Minotaur Data with Judith Kirkness These instruction sheets will help you learn: 1. How to export reports from Minotaur to Excel (these instructions
More informationBasic Pivot Tables. To begin your pivot table, choose Data, Pivot Table and Pivot Chart Report. 1 of 18
Basic Pivot Tables Pivot tables summarize data in a quick and easy way. In your job, you could use pivot tables to summarize actual expenses by fund type by object or total amounts. Make sure you do not
More informationTable of Contents TASK 1: DATA ANALYSIS TOOLPAK... 2 TASK 2: HISTOGRAMS... 5 TASK 3: ENTER MIDPOINT FORMULAS... 11
Table of Contents TASK 1: DATA ANALYSIS TOOLPAK... 2 TASK 2: HISTOGRAMS... 5 TASK 3: ENTER MIDPOINT FORMULAS... 11 TASK 4: ADD TOTAL LABEL AND FORMULA FOR FREQUENCY... 12 TASK 5: MODIFICATIONS TO THE HISTOGRAM...
More informationMicrosoft Excel 2010 Pivot Tables
Microsoft Excel 2010 Pivot Tables Email: training@health.ufl.edu Web Page: http://training.health.ufl.edu Microsoft Excel 2010: Pivot Tables 1.5 hours Topics include data groupings, pivot tables, pivot
More informationSTC: Descriptive Statistics in Excel 2013. Running Descriptive and Correlational Analysis in Excel 2013
Running Descriptive and Correlational Analysis in Excel 2013 Tips for coding a survey Use short phrases for your data table headers to keep your worksheet neat, you can always edit the labels in tables
More informationData Analysis Tools. Tools for Summarizing Data
Data Analysis Tools This section of the notes is meant to introduce you to many of the tools that are provided by Excel under the Tools/Data Analysis menu item. If your computer does not have that tool
More informationBowerman, O'Connell, Aitken Schermer, & Adcock, Business Statistics in Practice, Canadian edition
Bowerman, O'Connell, Aitken Schermer, & Adcock, Business Statistics in Practice, Canadian edition Online Learning Centre Technology StepbyStep  Excel Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet software application
More informationActivity 3.7 Statistical Analysis with Excel
Activity 3.7 Statistical Analysis with Excel Introduction Engineers use various tools to make their jobs easier. Spreadsheets can greatly improve the accuracy and efficiency of repetitive and common calculations;
More informationChapter 4 Displaying and Describing Categorical Data
Chapter 4 Displaying and Describing Categorical Data Chapter Goals Learning Objectives This chapter presents three basic techniques for summarizing categorical data. After completing this chapter you should
More informationMonthly Payroll to Finance Reconciliation Report: Access and Instructions
Monthly Payroll to Finance Reconciliation Report: Access and Instructions VCU Reporting Center... 2 Log in... 2 Open Folder... 3 Other Useful Information: Copying Sheets... 5 Creating Subtotals... 5 Outlining
More informationBy: Peter K. Mulwa MSc (UoN), PGDE (KU), BSc (KU) Email: Peter.kyalo@uonbi.ac.ke
SPREADSHEETS FOR MARKETING & SALES TRACKING  DATA ANALYSIS TOOLS USING MS EXCEL By: Peter K. Mulwa MSc (UoN), PGDE (KU), BSc (KU) Email: Peter.kyalo@uonbi.ac.ke Objectives By the end of the session, participants
More informationMICROSOFT EXCEL 2010 ANALYZE DATA
MICROSOFT EXCEL 2010 ANALYZE DATA Microsoft Excel 2010 Essential Analyze data Last Edited: 20120709 1 Basic analyze data... 4 Use diagram to audit formulas... 4 Use Error Checking feature... 4 Use Evaluate
More informationWhen to use Excel. When NOT to use Excel 9/24/2014
Analyzing Quantitative Assessment Data with Excel October 2, 2014 Jeremy Penn, Ph.D. Director When to use Excel You want to quickly summarize or analyze your assessment data You want to create basic visual
More informationOverview What is a PivotTable? Benefits
Overview What is a PivotTable? Benefits Create a PivotTable Select Row & Column labels & Values Filtering & Sorting Calculations Data Details Refresh Data Design options Create a PivotChart Slicers Charts
More informationData Analysis. Using Excel. Jeffrey L. Rummel. BBA Seminar. Data in Excel. Excel Calculations of Descriptive Statistics. Single Variable Graphs
Using Excel Jeffrey L. Rummel Emory University Goizueta Business School BBA Seminar Jeffrey L. Rummel BBA Seminar 1 / 54 Excel Calculations of Descriptive Statistics Single Variable Graphs Relationships
More informationSage 500 ERP Intelligence Reporting Getting Started Guide 27.11.2012
Sage 500 ERP Intelligence Reporting Getting Started Guide 27.11.2012 Table of Contents 1.0 Getting started 3 2.0 Managing your reports 10 3.0 Defining report properties 18 4.0 Creating a simple PivotTable
More informationHOW TO COLLECT AND USE DATA IN EXCEL. Brendon Riggs Texas Juvenile Probation Commission Data Coordinators Conference 2008
HOW TO COLLECT AND USE DATA IN EXCEL Brendon Riggs Texas Juvenile Probation Commission Data Coordinators Conference 2008 Goals To be able to gather and organize information in Excel To be able to perform
More informationScott Harvey, Registrar Tri County Technical College. Using Excel Pivot Tables to Analyze Student Data
Scott Harvey, Registrar Tri County Technical College Using Excel Pivot Tables to Analyze Student Data 1Introduction to PivotTables 2Prepare the source data Discussion Points 3Create a PivotTable 5Show
More informationFunctions & Data Analysis Tools
Functions & Data Analysis Tools Academic Computing Services www.ku.edu/acs Abstract: This workshop focuses on the functions and data analysis tools of Microsoft Excel. Topics included are the function
More informationUsing SPSS, Chapter 2: Descriptive Statistics
1 Using SPSS, Chapter 2: Descriptive Statistics Chapters 2.1 & 2.2 Descriptive Statistics 2 Mean, Standard Deviation, Variance, Range, Minimum, Maximum 2 Mean, Median, Mode, Standard Deviation, Variance,
More informationTIPS FOR DOING STATISTICS IN EXCEL
TIPS FOR DOING STATISTICS IN EXCEL Before you begin, make sure that you have the DATA ANALYSIS pack running on your machine. It comes with Excel. Here s how to check if you have it, and what to do if you
More informationCHAPTER 6: ANALYZE MICROSOFT DYNAMICS NAV 5.0 DATA IN MICROSOFT EXCEL
Chapter 6: Analyze Microsoft Dynamics NAV 5.0 Data in Microsoft Excel CHAPTER 6: ANALYZE MICROSOFT DYNAMICS NAV 5.0 DATA IN MICROSOFT EXCEL Objectives The objectives are: Explain the process of exporting
More informationBill Burton Albert Einstein College of Medicine william.burton@einstein.yu.edu April 28, 2014 EERS: Managing the Tension Between Rigor and Resources 1
Bill Burton Albert Einstein College of Medicine william.burton@einstein.yu.edu April 28, 2014 EERS: Managing the Tension Between Rigor and Resources 1 Calculate counts, means, and standard deviations Produce
More informationMicrosoft Excel. Qi Wei
Microsoft Excel Qi Wei Excel (Microsoft Office Excel) is a spreadsheet application written and distributed by Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X. It features calculation, graphing tools, pivot
More informationMicrosoft Excel 2013 Pivot Tables (Level 3)
IT Training Microsoft Excel 2013 Pivot Tables (Level 3) Contents Introduction... 1 Creating a Pivot Table... 1 A OneDimensional Table... 2 A TwoDimensional Table... 4 A ThreeDimensional Table... 5 Hiding
More informationMicrosoft Excel 2007 Consolidate Data & Analyze with Pivot Table Windows XP
Microsoft Excel 2007 Consolidate Data & Analyze with Pivot Table Windows XP Consolidate Data in Multiple Worksheets Example data is saved under Consolidation.xlsx workbook under ProductA through ProductD
More informationStatistical Analysis Using Gnumeric
Statistical Analysis Using Gnumeric There are many software packages that will analyse data. For casual analysis, a spreadsheet may be an appropriate tool. Popular spreadsheets include Microsoft Excel,
More informationUsing Excel s PivotTable to Analyze Learning Assessment Data
Using Excel s PivotTable to Analyze Learning Assessment Data Assessment Office University of Hawaiʻiat Mānoa Feb 13, 2013 1 Mission: Improve student learning through program assessment 2 1 Learning Outcomes
More informationITS Training Class Charts and PivotTables Using Excel 2007
When you have a large amount of data and you need to get summary information and graph it, the PivotTable and PivotChart tools in Microsoft Excel will be the answer. The data does not need to be in one
More informationEXCEL PIVOT TABLE David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA Dean s Office Oct 2002
EXCEL PIVOT TABLE David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA Dean s Office Oct 2002 Table of Contents Part I Creating a Pivot Table Excel Database......3 What is a Pivot Table...... 3 Creating Pivot Tables
More informationGeoGebra Statistics and Probability
GeoGebra Statistics and Probability Project Maths Development Team 2013 www.projectmaths.ie Page 1 of 24 Index Activity Topic Page 1 Introduction GeoGebra Statistics 3 2 To calculate the Sum, Mean, Count,
More informationBUSINESS DATA ANALYSIS WITH PIVOTTABLES
BUSINESS DATA ANALYSIS WITH PIVOTTABLES Jim Chen, Ph.D. Professor Norfolk State University 700 Park Avenue Norfolk, VA 23504 (757) 8232564 jchen@nsu.edu BUSINESS DATA ANALYSIS WITH PIVOTTABLES INTRODUCTION
More informationCHAPTER 5: ANALYZE MICROSOFT DYNAMICS NAV DATA IN MICROSOFT OFFICE EXCEL 2007
Chapter 5: Analyze Microsoft Dynamics NAV Data in Microsoft Office Excel 2007 CHAPTER 5: ANALYZE MICROSOFT DYNAMICS NAV DATA IN MICROSOFT OFFICE EXCEL 2007 Objectives Introduction The objectives are: Explain
More informationAssignment objectives:
Assignment objectives: Regression Pivot table Exercise #1 Simple Linear Regression Often the relationship between two variables, Y and X, can be adequately represented by a simple linear equation of the
More informationProduced by Flinders University Centre for Educational ICT. PivotTables Excel 2010
Produced by Flinders University Centre for Educational ICT PivotTables Excel 2010 CONTENTS Layout... 1 The Ribbon Bar... 2 Minimising the Ribbon Bar... 2 The File Tab... 3 What the Commands and Buttons
More informationDrawing a histogram using Excel
Drawing a histogram using Excel STEP 1: Examine the data to decide how many class intervals you need and what the class boundaries should be. (In an assignment you may be told what class boundaries to
More information4 Other useful features on the course web page. 5 Accessing SAS
1 Using SAS outside of ITCs Statistical Methods and Computing, 22S:30/105 Instructor: Cowles Lab 1 Jan 31, 2014 You can access SAS from off campus by using the ITC Virtual Desktop Go to https://virtualdesktopuiowaedu
More informationExcel Using Pivot Tables
Overview A PivotTable report is an interactive table that allows you to quickly group and summarise information from a data source. You can rearrange (or pivot) the table to display different perspectives
More informationMicrosoft Excel 2013 StepbyStep Exercises: PivotTables and PivotCharts: Exercise 1
Microsoft Excel 2013 StepbyStep Exercises: PivotTables and PivotCharts: Exercise 1 In this exercise you will learn how to: Create a new PivotTable Add fields to a PivotTable Format and rename PivotTable
More informationUsing Excel in Research. Hui Bian Office for Faculty Excellence
Using Excel in Research Hui Bian Office for Faculty Excellence Data entry in Excel Directly type information into the cells Enter data using Form Command: File > Options 2 Data entry in Excel Tool bar:
More informationUsing Excel 2003 with Basic Business Statistics
Using Excel 2003 with Basic Business Statistics Introduction Use this document if you plan to use Excel 2003 with Basic Business Statistics, 12th edition. Instructions specific to Excel 2003 are needed
More informationEXCEL Tutorial: How to use EXCEL for Graphs and Calculations.
EXCEL Tutorial: How to use EXCEL for Graphs and Calculations. Excel is powerful tool and can make your life easier if you are proficient in using it. You will need to use Excel to complete most of your
More informationIf there is not a Data Analysis option under the DATA menu, you will need to install the Data Analysis ToolPak as an addin for Microsoft Excel.
If there is not a Data Analysis option under the DATA menu, you will need to install the Data Analysis ToolPak as an addin for Microsoft Excel. 1. Click on the FILE tab and then select Options from the
More informationPivot Tables & Pivot Charts
Pivot Tables & Pivot Charts Pivot tables... 2 Creating pivot table using the wizard...2 The pivot table toolbar...5 Analysing data in a pivot table...5 Pivot Charts... 6 Creating a pivot chart using the
More informationMS Excel: Analysing Data using Pivot Tables
Centre for Learning and Academic Development (CLAD) Technology Skills Development Team MS Excel: Analysing Data using Pivot Tables www.intranet.birmingham.ac.uk/itskills MS Excel: Analysing Data using
More informationExcel 2007  Using Pivot Tables
Overview A PivotTable report is an interactive table that allows you to quickly group and summarise information from a data source. You can rearrange (or pivot) the table to display different perspectives
More informationExcel 2016 Tables & PivotTables
Excel 2016 Tables & A PivotTable is a summary of data from a data source and is very useful when you have a lot of data to analyze. Excel enable one to gather and present data in a custom/dynamic display.
More informationDetail Report Excel Guide for High Schools
StudentTracker SM Detail Report NATIONAL STUDENT CLEARINGHOUSE RESEARCH CENTER 2300 Dulles Station Blvd., Suite 300, Herndon, VA 20171 Contents How the National Student Clearinghouse populates its database...
More informationIBM SPSS Statistics 20 Part 1: Descriptive Statistics
CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, LOS ANGELES INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES IBM SPSS Statistics 20 Part 1: Descriptive Statistics Summer 2013, Version 2.0 Table of Contents Introduction...2 Downloading the
More informationABSTRACT INTRODUCTION CLINICAL PROJECT TRACKER OF SAS TASKS. Paper PH022015
Paper PH022015 Project Management of SAS Tasks  Excel Dashboard without Using Any Program Kalaivani Raghunathan, Quartesian Clinical Research Pvt. Ltd, Bangalore, India ABSTRACT Have you ever imagined
More informationExcel Reference Manual: A gentle overview
Excel Reference Manual: A gentle overview Table of Contents 1. Introduction to MS Excel What is Excel 4 Importing Data 5 2. Data Analysis and Statistical Concepts 9 Concept 1 Measurements of Central Tendency
More informationMicrosoft EXCEL Training Level 3
Microsoft EXCEL Training Level 3 Introduction This tutorial covers creating and using a pivot table to extract different information from one data sample. This course will give you the skills to use a
More informationExcel 2013  Using Pivot Tables
Overview A PivotTable report is an interactive table that allows you to quickly group and summarise information from a data source. You can rearrange (or pivot) the table to display different perspectives
More informationAnalyzing Excel Data Using Pivot Tables
NDUS Training and Documentation Analyzing Excel Data Using Pivot Tables Pivot Tables are interactive worksheet tables you can use to quickly and easily summarize, organize, analyze, and compare large amounts
More information"Excel with Excel 2013: Pivoting with Pivot Tables" by Venu Gopalakrishna Remani. October 28, 2014
Teaching Excellence and Innovation 1 Pivot table Pivot table does calculations with criteria Data should be arranged as : Field names in the first rows, records in rows No blank rows or blank columns should
More informationAdvanced Excel for Institutional Researchers
Advanced Excel for Institutional Researchers Presented by: Sandra Archer Helen Fu University Analysis and Planning Support University of Central Florida September 2225, 2012 Agenda Sunday, September 23,
More informationCreating Pivot Tables
Creating Pivot Tables Example Using CIA Inspection Information This is a step by step guide of how to create pivot tables using Microsoft Excel. You can create a pivot tables from any database you have
More informationCreate a PivotTable or PivotChart report
Page 1 of 5 Excel Home > PivotTable reports and PivotChart reports > Basics Create or delete a PivotTable or PivotChart report Show All To analyze numerical data in depth and to answer unanticipated questions
More informationAn introduction to IBM SPSS Statistics
An introduction to IBM SPSS Statistics Contents 1 Introduction... 1 2 Entering your data... 2 3 Preparing your data for analysis... 10 4 Exploring your data: univariate analysis... 14 5 Generating descriptive
More informationBelow is a very brief tutorial on the basic capabilities of Excel. Refer to the Excel help files for more information.
Excel Tutorial Below is a very brief tutorial on the basic capabilities of Excel. Refer to the Excel help files for more information. Working with Data Entering and Formatting Data Before entering data
More informationAbout PivotTable reports
Page 1 of 8 Excel Home > PivotTable reports and PivotChart reports > Basics Overview of PivotTable and PivotChart reports Show All Use a PivotTable report to summarize, analyze, explore, and present summary
More informationAs in the example above, a Budget created on the computer typically has:
Activity Card Create a How will you ensure that your expenses do not exceed what you planned to invest or spend? You can create a budget to plan your expenditures and earnings. As a family, you can plan
More informationAdvanced Excel 10/20/2011 1
Advanced Excel Data Validation Excel has a feature called Data Validation, which will allow you to control what kind of information is typed into cells. 1. Select the cell(s) you wish to control. 2. Click
More informationAn Introduction to SPSS. Workshop Session conducted by: Dr. Cyndi Garvan GraceAnne Jackman
An Introduction to SPSS Workshop Session conducted by: Dr. Cyndi Garvan GraceAnne Jackman Topics to be Covered Starting and Entering SPSS Main Features of SPSS Entering and Saving Data in SPSS Importing
More informationHow to Excel with CUFS Part 2 Excel 2010
How to Excel with CUFS Part 2 Excel 2010 Course Manual Finance Training Contents 1. Working with multiple worksheets 1.1 Inserting new worksheets 3 1.2 Deleting sheets 3 1.3 Moving and copying Excel worksheets
More informationMicrosoft Office Excel 2013
Microsoft Office Excel 2013 PivotTables and PivotCharts University Information Technology Services Training, Outreach & Learning Technologies Copyright 2014 KSU Department of University Information Technology
More informationPivotTable and PivotChart Reports, & Macros in Microsoft Excel
PivotTable and PivotChart Reports, & Macros in Microsoft Excel Theresa A Scott, MS Biostatistician III Department of Biostatistics Vanderbilt University theresa.scott@vanderbilt.edu Table of Contents 1
More informationMS Excel. Handout: Level 2. elearning Department. Copyright 2016 CMS elearning Department. All Rights Reserved. Page 1 of 11
MS Excel Handout: Level 2 elearning Department 2016 Page 1 of 11 Contents Excel Environment:... 3 To create a new blank workbook:...3 To insert text:...4 Cell addresses:...4 To save the workbook:... 5
More informationWorking with Data in Microsoft Excel 2003
Working with Data in Microsoft Excel 2003 Doc 5.94 Ver 2 March 2005 John Matthews Central Computing Services Abstract This document provides some examples of handling numeric data using the Microsoft Excel
More informationText files fall into several classifications. When importing from a text file, you need to specify the correct type for the import to go smoothly.
The Data Ribbon About Importing Data from Other Types of Files Excel 2007 incorporates wizards for importing data from many types of files. View the Data Ribbon and choose the appropriate button in the
More informationEngineering Problem Solving and Excel. EGN 1006 Introduction to Engineering
Engineering Problem Solving and Excel EGN 1006 Introduction to Engineering Mathematical Solution Procedures Commonly Used in Engineering Analysis Data Analysis Techniques (Statistics) Curve Fitting techniques
More informationCD Appendix A3 Excel Troubleshooting and Detailed. Instructions for Office 1997, 2000, XP, and 2003
CD Appendix A3 Excel Troubleshooting and Detailed Instructions for Office 1997, 2000, XP, and 2003 Before using this appendix please read CD Appendixes A1. If problems persist use this appendix to get
More informationMicroStrategy Desktop
MicroStrategy Desktop Quick Start Guide MicroStrategy Desktop is designed to enable business professionals like you to explore data, simply and without needing direct support from IT. 1 Import data from
More informationExcel Pivot Tables. Blue Pecan Computer Training Ltd  Onsite Training Provider www.bluepecantraining.com :: 0800 6124105 :: info@bluepecan.co.
Excel Pivot Tables 1 Table of Contents Pivot Tables... 3 Preparing Data for a Pivot Table... 3 Creating a Dynamic Range for a Pivot Table... 3 Creating a Pivot Table... 4 Removing a Field... 5 Change the
More informationSTATEMENT OF TRANSACTION REPORT ANALYSIS USING EXCEL
STATEMENT OF TRANSACTION REPORT ANALYSIS USING EXCEL Excel can be used to analyze the MCPS Statement of Transaction EXCEL Report Selected Fields to more easily track expenses through the procurement cycle.
More informationCopyright 2013 by Laura Schultz. All rights reserved. Page 1 of 7
Using Your TINSpire Calculator: Descriptive Statistics Dr. Laura Schultz Statistics I This handout is intended to get you started using your TINspire graphing calculator for statistical applications.
More informationNATIONAL STUDENT CLEARINGHOUSE RESEARCH CENTER
StudentTracker SM Detail Report NATIONAL STUDENT CLEARINGHOUSE RESEARCH CENTER 2300 Dulles Station Blvd., Suite 300, Herndon, VA 20171 Contents How the National Student Clearinghouse populates its database...
More informationExcel 2010: Create your first spreadsheet
Excel 2010: Create your first spreadsheet Goals: After completing this course you will be able to: Create a new spreadsheet. Add, subtract, multiply, and divide in a spreadsheet. Enter and format column
More informationUsing Pivot Tables in Microsoft Excel 2003
Using Pivot Tables in Microsoft Excel 2003 Introduction A Pivot Table is the name Excel gives to what is more commonly known as a crosstabulation table. Such tables can be one, two or threedimensional
More informationGetting Started with Excel 2008. Table of Contents
Table of Contents Elements of An Excel Document... 2 Resizing and Hiding Columns and Rows... 3 Using Panes to Create Spreadsheet Headers... 3 Using the AutoFill Command... 4 Using AutoFill for Sequences...
More informationExcel Charts & Graphs
MAX 201 Spring 2008 Assignment #6: Charts & Graphs; Modifying Data Due at the beginning of class on March 18 th Introduction This assignment introduces the charting and graphing capabilities of SPSS and
More informationSample for evaluation purposes only! Advanced Excel. TeachUcomp, Inc. A Presentation of TeachUcomp Incorporated. Copyright TeachUcomp, Inc.
A Presentation of TeachUcomp Incorporated. Copyright TeachUcomp, Inc. 2012 Advanced Excel TeachUcomp, Inc. it s all about you Copyright: Copyright 2012 by TeachUcomp, Inc. All rights reserved. This publication,
More informationExcel: Analyze PowerSchool Data
Excel: Analyze PowerSchool Data Trainer Name Trainer/Consultant PowerSchool University 2012 Agenda Welcome & Introductions Organizing Data with PivotTables Displaying Data with Charts Creating Dashboards
More informationSummarizing and Displaying Categorical Data
Summarizing and Displaying Categorical Data Categorical data can be summarized in a frequency distribution which counts the number of cases, or frequency, that fall into each category, or a relative frequency
More informationSPSS for Exploratory Data Analysis Data used in this guide: studentp.sav (http://people.ysu.edu/~gchang/stat/studentp.sav)
Data used in this guide: studentp.sav (http://people.ysu.edu/~gchang/stat/studentp.sav) Organize and Display One Quantitative Variable (Descriptive Statistics, Boxplot & Histogram) 1. Move the mouse pointer
More informationACADEMIC TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT
ACADEMIC TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT Microsoft Excel: Tables & Pivot Tables ats@etsu.edu 4398611 www.etsu.edu/ats Table of Contents: Overview... 1 Objectives... 1 1. What is an Excel Table?... 2 2. Creating Pivot
More informationExcel Database Management Microsoft Excel 2003
Excel Database Management Microsoft Reference Guide University Technology Services Computer Training Copyright Notice Copyright 2003 EBook Publishing. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may
More informationLesson 9. Reports. 1. Create a Visual Report. Create a visual report. Customize a visual report. Create a visual report template.
Lesson 9. s Create a visual report. Customize a visual report. Create a visual report template. Introduction You have updated the cost information in your project plan. When presenting such varied information
More informationPivot Tables/Charts (Microsoft Excel 2010)
Pivot Tables/Charts (Microsoft Excel 2010) You can use pivot tables whenever you want to summarize a large amount of data, such as customer lists, salesperson quarter/annual sales amounts, etc. Microsoft
More information3 What s New in Excel 2007
3 What s New in Excel 2007 3.1 Overview of Excel 2007 Microsoft Office Excel 2007 is a spreadsheet program that enables you to enter, manipulate, calculate, and chart data. An Excel file is referred to
More information