2 Dreamweaver CS5 Module 1: Website Development Last revised: October 29, 2010 Copyrights and Trademarks 2010 Nishikai Consulting, Helen Nishikai Oakland, CA Nishikai Consulting gives permission to the Haas School of Business of the University of California at Berkeley to reprint this training manual for internal use only. No re-sale of this material or renunciation of copyrights are granted by this author. Any mention or use of Adobe, University of California, or any third party products is hereby acknowledged by Nishikai Consulting to be for the sole purpose of editorial and educational use of this training manual and for the benefit of the mentioned parties Nishikai Consulting Page i
3 Table of Contents I. Course Overview and Resources... 1 II. How Websites Work... 3 III. Planning a Website... 6 IV. Dreamweaver Basics V. Defining a Local Site VI. Building a Basic Page VII. Basic Formatting using CSS VIII. Managing Images IX. Creating Lists X. Using Tables for Data XI. Creating Links XII. Basic Page Layout using CSS XIII. Creating More Pages Nishikai Consulting Page ii
4 I. Course Overview and Resources A. Purpose of this class The objective of this course is to learn how to use the basic functions in Dreamweaver to build a simple, five page website. As an example in class, we will build a website for the Underwater Basket Weaving Club at Haas Nishikai Consulting Page 1
5 B. Target audience and prerequisites for this class The target audience for this course is anyone who is interested in how to build a simple website using Dreamweaver. You do not need to know HTML, CSS, Dreamweaver, or other web technologies. However, you should be very comfortable with using a computer, including file and folder management, saving files, working with general software applications, and viewing websites on a browser. C. Resources For additional information about website development and Dreamweaver, see: Great resource for how to build a website with hundreds of HTML and CSS examples. Best practices guidelines for building websites that are human-friendly. Official support site for Adobe Dreamweaver. Official website for the World Wide Web Consortium, which sets standards for HTML, CSS, and other web technologies. One of many good websites about CSS Nishikai Consulting Page 2
6 II. How Websites Work A. The Internet The Internet is a worldwide network of computer systems through which information can be easily shared. The World Wide Web is one method of sharing information through the Internet. Other methods include FTP (file transfer protocol), IM (instant messenger), and . B. Browsers To view information through the World Wide Web, the end user must have a type of software application called a browser installed on a computer that is connected to the Internet. Current browsers include Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Safari, and Opera. Because each browser and each browser version interprets code slightly differently, you should test your website on several browsers before it is uploaded to a live web server. C. Web server A website is composed of many files that are located on a web server. A web server is a computer connected to the internet that has special software installed on it (e.g. Microsoft Internet Information Server or Apache), which allows it to host a web site. If you work for a large company, the company may have its own web servers. Otherwise, you can purchase an account at a web hosting company, which will provide you with space on their web servers for your website files. D. URL, Domain Name, and IP Address To view a web page in a browser, you must know the URL (Uniform Resource Locator) of that web page. The URL is also called a web page address or a website address. It looks like this: The domain name uniquely identifies a website. Examples of domain names are example.com, google.com, berkeley.edu, and irs.gov. You can reserve a domain name through a domain name registrar company. A domain name points to the IP address (Internet Protocol address) of the web server. All web servers connected to the Internet must have an IP address, although they do not have to have a domain name. Examples are and If you type the domain name of a website into your browser without specifying a web page URL, your browser will display the designated home page of the website. The home page is a web page that has been marked as the default page to display by the web server Nishikai Consulting Page 3
8 setup the CMS initially on a web server, a content manager can easily update the content of a CMS without needing to know HTML or CSS. Common CMS systems include Drupal, Joomla, and Wordpress. In this course, we will create a simple, static website. H. How the Browser displays a Web page When a user types a URL into a browser or clicks a link to view a new page, the browser sends a request to the Internet to locate the web server to which that URL or link points. The request arrives at the web server, and a copy of the requested web page is downloaded back to the user s browser. The browser reads the HTML code in the web page and downloads any additional files as written in the code, such as image files or CSS files. Then, the browser interprets the HTML code and displays the page in its window. If it does not understand any of the coding, the browser may display an error or it may guess what the corrected code should look like. The copy of the web page and additional files are kept in the temporary internet files cache of the browser. They will stay there until the cache fills up and the old files are removed. If the files are still in the cache when the user tries to view the same web page again, the browser will check the modification dates of the cached files and the website files, and it will display the files from the cache if the dates are the same. The Internet Cloud Web Server 2010 Nishikai Consulting Page 5
9 III. Planning a Website Before we start building our website in Dreamweaver, we should plan the objectives of the site, the organizational structure, the folder structure, the basic page design, and content. This will keep us focused as we develop the website. A. Website objectives The website objectives or website goals states the purpose of the website. This includes the business objectives that the website must support, the required features, the target audience, and other information to support the development process. This might be as simple as a one sentence statement or as elaborate as a multi-page project proposal document. For example, the objectives of our sample website could be: The Haas Underwater Basket Weaving Club website will support the mission of the club by providing up-to-date information about the club, the club events, the club officers, recommended classes, and how to join the club. The audience will be both current and potential club members. B. Organizational structure Once the objectives are set, we need to sketch an organizational structure for the website. This structure helps us to decide what content goes on what page, how many pages we need, how users can link to each page, and what the file name of the page will be. This includes a home page as well as additional pages for our content. This structure is often represented by a schematic layout called a site map. For example, our sample website could have this site map: Homepage index.htm Events events.htm Officers officers.htm Academics academics.htm Join join.htm 2010 Nishikai Consulting Page 6
10 C. Folder structure The folder structure is different from the organizational structure. The folder structure is how the files will be saved and organized physically in the website directory. All web files to be used in a website must be organized within a site root folder. At the top level of this site root folder, the file called index.htm (or index.html) is the home page. Images are often saved into a separate images folder. While you are developing the website, you might create temporary folders to keep content data. For example, for our sample site, we know that we will have 5 HTML files plus images, a CSS file, and some Word document with content. So we might have this folder structure: 2010 Nishikai Consulting Page 7
11 D. Page layout wireframe To create uniformity among the web pages in a website, you should plan a basic layout to use as a template for your pages. This page layout is often represented in a wireframe, which focuses on the placement of page elements. For example, our sample wireframe could be: Haas MBA Navigation Links Name of Club Left Navigation Links Content and Images E. Page design mockup Once you have a wireframe, you can create a page design mockup in any graphics application, such as Photoshop or Fireworks. You can also sketch this on paper. The purpose of the mockup is to provide a guideline for the color palette, the font and font sizes, and the dimensions of the page and images Nishikai Consulting Page 8
12 F. Page content and images Page content can be textual or images. Text content can be typed directly onto the html file in Dreamweaver or it can be copied from another source, such as a Microsoft Word document. If you do not have the final text content available as you start to develop your web pages, you can use placeholder text instead of the final text. Remember to replace the placeholder text with the actual text before you upload the finalized web pages to your web server. Images are the pictures to be displayed on your web page or to be used as background images in CSS. The image file type must be.gif,.jpg, or.png. The images should be prepared in a graphics program, such as Photoshop or Fireworks, so that they are the correct dimensions and are optimized for the web Nishikai Consulting Page 9
13 IV. Dreamweaver Basics Now that we have planned the website, Dreamweaver provides a way of building the web pages without knowing HTML or CSS. A. WYSIWYG Theory Dreamweaver and similar web design applications use a graphical interface, so that we can design a web page visually instead of typing the HTML or CSS code. These types of web design applications are called WYSIWYGs (What You See Is What You Get). As we format and place objects visually, these programs generate the underlying code for us. However, these programs do not write code perfectly. Although you can create simple pages completely through the WYSIWYG interface, you should learn some HTML and CSS if you need to troubleshoot an issue or build complicated pages. B. Local Site and Remote Site In Dreamweaver, we create, update, and test pages in our local computer first. To do so, we designate a folder in our computer as a Local Site and save all our web files into that folder using our planned folder structure. Then, when we are ready, we copy these files to the web server location, which is also called the Remote Site. In this course, we will only work with the Local Site to create our simple website. Remote Site The Internet Cloud Web Server Local Site 2010 Nishikai Consulting Page 10
14 C. Parts of the Dreamweaver Window The Dreamweaver window contains the following main elements: Main Toolbar Document Toolbar Document Window Workspace Selector Panel Groups Tag Selector Properties Inspector D. Document Toolbar The document toolbar changes how we view the web page file. The main commands that we will use are: File Name Preview in Browser Document Title Code/Split/Design 2010 Nishikai Consulting Page 11
15 E. Properties Inspector The properties inspector lets us view and change the properties of a selected object in the document window. Each type of object has a different set of properties. F. Panel Groups The panel groups provide information as well as methods to make changes to the web files and website. To open or close a panel group, click the name of a panel. If you need a panel that is not currently displayed, go to the Window menu and select the panel. G. Workspaces Workspaces are different layouts for the Dreamweaver window. You can select a workspace from the Workspace selector button, or you can save a new workspace Nishikai Consulting Page 12
16 V. Defining a Local Site To use Dreamweaver to create a website, you should always designate a folder on your computer to be your Local Site. If you do not, you will not be able to use features such as using relative linking or point to a file to create a link. A. Defining a new Local Site Before you start this process, make sure you have created a folder in your computer that will contain the files for your website. This folder can be a completely empty folder for a brand new site, or a folder that contains some information, such as images or existing web pages. For this exercise, we will use the class folder called DW Development. 1. In Dreamweaver, go to Site New Site In the Site Setup dialog box, type the name of the site in the Site Name field. 3. Click the folder icon to the right of the Local Site Folder field Nishikai Consulting Page 13
17 4. In the Choose Root Folder dialog box, navigate to find the folder that will contain your website files. Open that folder and make sure that the correct folder is selected in the lower left message. 5. Click Select. 6. In the Site Setup window, click Save Nishikai Consulting Page 14
18 B. Managing your sites 1. In Dreamweaver, go to Site Manage Sites In the Manage Sites dialog box, select a site and click the commands on the right side to edit an existing site definition, duplicate a site definition, or remove a site definition. This does not edit, duplicate, or remove the actual site files or folder. This only changes the definition of the Local Site. 3. Click Done. C. Switching between your sites 1. In the Files panel, click the current site name button. 2. Select any other site name in the drop-down list Nishikai Consulting Page 15
19 VI. Building a Basic Page First, we will build some web pages without page layout to learn about basic features in Dreamweaver. In a later section in this course, we will create a page layout template and copy these temporary pages into our final pages. A. Creating a HTML page You may already have a new, blank document open in Dreamweaver. If you do not, do the following to create a new, blank HTML document. 1. In Dreamweaver, go to File New In the New Document dialog box, make sure you have Blank Page selected in the left side. 3. Select the Page Type as HTML. 4. Select the Layout as <none>. 5. Click Create Nishikai Consulting Page 16
20 B. Saving a HTML page 1. Go to File Save. 2. In the Save As dialog box, make sure that the location is the top level of your Local Site folder. 3. In the File name field, enter a file name. 4. Click Save. C. Naming conventions When saving a file to be used in a website, such as a HTML page or an image file, name the file using lower case and no spaces. For example, an image file should be named portrait_smith.jpg instead of Portrait Smith.jpg. When naming HTML files, find out from the web server administrator whether the file name extension should be.htm or.html. Different web servers require one or the other ending. Whichever one you use, keep the ending consistent throughout the entire website. Keep in mind that all file names and folder names are public. Use appropriate and descriptive terms Nishikai Consulting Page 17
21 D. Entering text 1. Click in the document window where you want to enter some text. 2. Type the text. Separate paragraphs with a Return. E. Copying text into a page If you have text already typed into another document, such as a Microsoft Word document, you can copy and paste that into your HTML page. If your Word document is saved into a subfolder in the Local Site folder, you can easily open it through Dreamweaver. 1. In the File panel, click the plus symbol to expand folders until you see the document that you want to open. 2. Double click the document name. If it is a file type that Dreamweaver can manage, such as a CSS file or TXT file, the document will open in Dreamweaver. If Dreamweaver cannot manage that file type, such as a Microsoft Word file, the document will open in an appropriate program Nishikai Consulting Page 18
22 3. In the opened document, select and copy the text that you want to put in your HTML page. 4. In Dreamweaver, click in the HTML document where you want to place the text, and then paste the text Nishikai Consulting Page 19
23 F. Applying Heading formatting When you change a text from a regular paragraph to a Heading format, you are applying a logical structure to the content. This is very important for search engine optimization and accessibility. 1. Select the paragraph that you want to mark as a Heading. You can select the entire paragraph or click inside the paragraph. 2. In the Properties Inspector, click HTML if necessary. 3. For the Format, select Heading 1, Heading 2, etc. G. Page document title All web pages should have an appropriate and descriptive page document title. This title appears in the title bar of the browser and will be used as the name of a Favorite or Bookmark. 1. In the Document toolbar, click inside the Title field and enter an appropriate title. 2. Click anywhere outside the Title field or press Return to commit the changes Nishikai Consulting Page 20
24 H. Previewing a page To test whether a web page is well built, you should test it in the most popular browsers. You can test a page directly from Dreamweaver. 1. Save the page. 2. In the Document toolbar, click the Preview/Debug in Browser button. 3. From the drop-down list, select the browser that you want to use. If the browser you want to use is not in the list, first make sure that you have it installed on your computer. Then, select Edit Browser List from the drop-down list and click the plus button to add another browser application Nishikai Consulting Page 21
25 VII. Basic Formatting using CSS If you want to change the formatting of the paragraphs, headings, or background colors, you should use CSS. Dreamweaver CS5 will automatically create new CSS styles for any formatting changes that you attempt. A. Internal and external stylesheets CSS rules can be kept in an internal stylesheet in the HTML page, in which case the formatting is only available within that HTML page. More commonly, CSS rules are kept in an external stylesheet, which is a separate file that contains only CSS rules. This option provides more consistency, because all HTML pages which link to that external stylesheet will share the same rules. Also, if you update a CSS rule on an external stylesheet, all HTML pages which use that rule will also update automatically. B. Creating and saving an external CSS stylesheet 1. Go to File New. 2. In the New Document dialog box, select Blank Page from the left side. 3. Under Page Type, select CSS. 4. Click Create Nishikai Consulting Page 22
26 5. Go to File Save As. 6. In the Save As dialog box, select a location in the Local Site folder. If you have only one external stylesheet, it can be saved at the top level of the Local Site folder. If you have more than one external stylesheet, usually they are saved in a subfolder named css. 7. In the File name field, enter a file name with the ending.css, such as styles.css. 8. Click Save. C. Attaching an external CSS stylesheet to a HTML page To use the CSS styles saved into an external stylesheet, you must link to that stylesheet from the HTML page. 1. Click on the name of your HTML page above the Document toolbar to switch back to the HTML page Nishikai Consulting Page 23
27 2. Click the CSS Styles panel name to open the panel. 3. At the bottom of the panel, click the Attach Style Sheet button. 4. In the Attach External Style Sheet dialog box, click Browse. 5. In the Select Style Sheet File dialog box, select the external stylesheet. 6. Click OK. 7. In the Attach External Style Sheet dialog box, click OK Nishikai Consulting Page 24
28 D. Basics of CSS Rules There are three basic types of CSS rules: Tag rules (also called element rules) are CSS rules that are applied to any content that has been marked with that particular HTML tag. For example, to make all Heading 1 text look bold and pink, create a CSS tag rule for the h1 tag. Class rules are CSS rules that are applied to any content that has been marked with that class name. For example, to make the club name italic and bold everywhere that the club name is used in a paragraph, create a class rule and apply that class rule to all the club names. ID rules are CSS rules that are applied to any content that has been marked with that ID name. This is similar to a class rules, except that ID rules can only be applied to one item per page. E. Creating a tag rule To change the font and background for the entire page, set a CSS rule for the body tag. 1. In the HTML page, click the New CSS Rule button in the CSS Styles panel. 2. In the New CSS Rules dialog box, change the contextual selector type to Tag. 3. For the Selector Name, type body or select body from the drop-down list. 4. For the Rule Definition, make sure that your external stylesheet is selected. 5. Click OK Nishikai Consulting Page 25
29 6. In the CSS Rule Definition dialog box, select your options for this rule. Be minimal. Set only the options that you want to change. For Font formatting, set options in the Type category. For Background formatting, set options in the Background category. 7. Click Apply to preview your changes, or OK to save your changes. To change the formatting of Heading 1, set a CSS rule for the h1 tag. To change the formatting of Heading 2, set a CSS rule for the h2 tag Nishikai Consulting Page 26
30 F. Modifying a rule 1. Find the rule that you want to change in the CSS Styles panel. If you do not see the rule, you might need to click the All button to view all rules. 2. Double-click the rule name. 3. In the CSS Rule Definition dialog box, make your changes. 4. Click OK. G. Creating a class rule 1. In the HTML page, click the New CSS Rule button in the CSS Styles panel Nishikai Consulting Page 27
31 2. In the New CSS Rules dialog box, change the contextual selector type to Class. 3. For the Selector Name, type a name for the class. The name must start with a period and must contain no spaces. 4. For the Rule Definition, make sure that your external stylesheet is selected. 5. Click OK. 6. In the CSS Rule Definition dialog box, select your options for this rule. 7. Click OK Nishikai Consulting Page 28
32 H. Applying a class rule 1. Select the text that you want to apply this rule to. 2. In the Property Inspector, change Class to the name of the class Nishikai Consulting Page 29
33 VIII. Managing Images Image files must be prepared in a graphics program before you can use them in Dreamweaver. They should be the proper image size and be optimized for the web. A. Inserting an image to be in line with text An image that is in line with text will appear exactly where you insert it. The text will not wrap around it. This is a good method if you want the image to be on its own line. 1. Create an empty paragraph immediately below the Heading 1 title. 2. Go to Insert Image. 3. In the Select Image Source dialog box, navigate to the images folder and select your image. 4. Click OK Nishikai Consulting Page 30
34 5. In the Image Tag Accessibility Attributes dialog box, enter an Alternate text. An Alt Text is essential for search engine optimization and accessibility for all significant images that you use in your web pages. 6. Click OK Nishikai Consulting Page 31
35 B. Inserting an image to be floating or text-wrapped If you want to have text wrap around your image, you must set an alignment to your image. This alignment can be set using HTML or by creating a CSS class rule for the image. 1. Click at the beginning of the paragraph where you want the image to appear. 2. Go to Insert Image. 3. In the Select Image Source dialog box, navigate to the images folder and select your image. 4. Click OK. 5. In the Image Tag Accessibility Attributes dialog box, enter an appropriate Alternate Text. 6. Click OK Nishikai Consulting Page 32
36 7. To make the text wrap around the image, select the image. 8. In the Properties Inspector, from the Align drop-down list, select Left or Right Nishikai Consulting Page 33
37 IX. Creating Lists The two main types of lists used in web pages are UL (unordered lists), otherwise known as bulleted lists, and OL (ordered lists), otherwise known as numbered lists. A. Creating a new web page for lists For our exercise, we will create a new web page for the Academics page. 1. Create a new, blank HTML page. 2. Save it at the top level of the Local Site folder as academics_temp.htm. 3. Provide an appropriate page document title. 4. Open the Academics.doc document from the CONTENTS folder, and copy and paste the text into the web page. 5. Attach the external stylesheet. 6. Apply any Heading 1 and Heading 2 formats as necessary. 7. Save the file Nishikai Consulting Page 34
38 B. Inserting an Unordered List 1. Select the paragraphs that you want to convert to an unordered list. 2. In the Properties Inspector, click the Unordered List button. C. Inserting an Ordered List 1. Select the paragraphs that you want to convert to an ordered list Nishikai Consulting Page 35
39 2. In the Properties Inspector, click the Ordered List button Nishikai Consulting Page 36
40 X. Using Tables for Data If you want to display data in a well-structured format, create a table for data. For example, we can create a data table to display the pictures and names of the officers of our club. A. Creating a new web page for tables For our exercise, we will create a new web page for the Officers page. 1. Create a new, blank HTML page. 2. Save it at the top level of the Local Site folder as officers_temp.htm. 3. Provide an appropriate page document title. 4. Open the officers.doc document from the CONTENTS folder, and copy and paste title and first paragraph into the web page. 5. Attach the external stylesheet. 6. Apply any Heading 1 format as necessary. 7. Save the file Nishikai Consulting Page 37
41 B. Inserting a Table 1. Create a new paragraph where you want the data table to appear. 2. Go to Insert Table. 3. In the Table dialog box, enter the following options: Rows: 5 Columns: 2 Table width: 500 pixels Border thickness: 1 pixel Cell padding: 5 Cell spacing: 0 Header: None 4. Click OK Nishikai Consulting Page 38
42 5. In cells on the right column, copy and paste the name and information for each officer from the officers.doc document. 6. In cells on the left column, insert images for each of the officers. C. Managing table and cell properties If you want to change the width, border, cell padding, cell spacing, or other properties of the table or table cells, you must select the HTML tag that controls that section. To make changes for the entire table, click inside the table and then select the <table> tag from the Tag Selector. Then, change the property in the Property Inspector Nishikai Consulting Page 39
43 To make changes for one cell, click inside the cell and then select the <td> or <th>tag from the Tag Selector. Then, change the property in the Property Inspector. To make changes for several cells, drag to select several cells in the table. The cells should become outlined. Then, change the property in the Property Inspector Nishikai Consulting Page 40
44 XI. Creating Links You can create a link to an external website, or you can create a link to an internal web page. A. Creating an External Link 1. Open a browser and browse to the website to which you want to link. 2. In the browser s address bar, select the URL and copy it. You need to right-click and select copy, or use the Ctrl-C keyboard shortcut. In most browsers, you cannot use the Edit Copy command. 3. In Dreamweaver, select the text that you want to use as your link. 4. In the Property Inspector, paste the URL into the Link field. 5. If you want the external website to open in a separate window, select _blank from the Target field Nishikai Consulting Page 41
45 B. Creating an Internal Link 1. In Dreamweaver, select the text that you want to use as your link. 2. In the Property Inspector, click the Browse for File button next to the Link field. 3. In the Select File dialog box, navigate to the file that you want to link to and select the file. The file must be inside the Local Site folder. 4. Click OK Nishikai Consulting Page 42
46 XII. Basic Page Layout using CSS So far, we have been creating temporary pages that contain content, but they do not have the page layout that we sketched in our wireframe and mockup. To create page layout, the old way was to use table structures in HTML. However, the current method is to use CSS. Sections of the HTML code are surrounded by div tags which are given a specific ID name, and a CSS ID rule defines the size and other properties of that div group. A. Planning the Layout From the wireframe and mockup, decide how many div areas you need to create. You may need to nest div tags within each other to create certain layouts. Also decide what width and possibly what height each div must be. For example, in our sample website, we might create these div areas: wrapper: width=960px, padding=0, margin=0 header: width=100%, height=70px, padding=0, margin=0, background color=#fc3 main: width=100%, padding=0, margin=0 nav: width=100px, float=left, padding=5, margin=0 content: width=800 px, float=right, padding=5, margin=0 footer: width=100%, height=50px, padding=5, margin= Nishikai Consulting Page 43
47 B. Creating a new web page for page layout 1. Create a new, blank HTML page. 2. Save it at the top level of the Local Site folder as template.htm. 3. Provide an appropriate page document title. 4. Attach the external stylesheet. 5. Save the file. C. Creating the Wrapper 1. Click at the top of the page. 2. Go to Insert Layout Objects Div tag Nishikai Consulting Page 44
48 3. In the Insert Div Tag dialog box, click New CSS Rule. 4. In the New CSS Rule dialog box, select the following options: Selector type: ID Selector name: #wrapper Rule Definition : styles.css 5. Click OK. 6. In the CSS Rule Definition dialog box, select the following Box category options: Width: 960px Padding; 0 Margin: 0 7. Click OK. 8. In the Insert Div Tag dialog box, make sure the ID field displays wrapper, then click OK Nishikai Consulting Page 45
49 D. Creating the Header 1. Select the contents of the wrapper div and delete it. 2. Go to Insert Layout Objects Div tag. 3. In the Insert Div Tag dialog box, click New CSS Rule. 4. In the New CSS Rule dialog box, select the following options: Selector type: ID Selector name: #header Rule Definition : styles.css 5. Click OK. 6. In the CSS Rule Definition dialog box, select the following Background category options: Background color: #FC Nishikai Consulting Page 46
50 7. Select the following Box category options: Width: 100% Height: 70px Padding; 0 Margin: 0 8. Click OK. 9. In the Insert Div Tag dialog box, make sure the ID field displays header, then click OK. 10. To create the structure within the header, we will use a table. Select the placeholder text and delete it. 11. Go to Insert Table. 12. In the Table dialog box, select the following options: Rows: 2 Columns: 2 Table width: 100 percent Border thickness: 0 Cell padding: 0 Cell spacing: 0 Header: None 13. Click OK. 14. Do the following: In the upper left cell, insert the image hdr_logo.gif. In the upper right cell, insert the image hdr_studentclubs.gif. Select both cells in the upper row and change the cell background color to #001F5B. In the lower left cell, type the title Underwater Basket Weaving Club. If there is time, create a CSS class rule called.classtitle to format the title Nishikai Consulting Page 47
51 E. Creating the Main Area At this point, we have to position this next div tag precisely, within the wrapper section but outside the header section. The best method is to go into the Code view or Split view. 1. In the Document toolbar, click the Split button to view both the design and the code view. 2. In the code view, click between the ending </div> tag of the header div and the ending </div> tag of the wrapper div. Press Return to create a new blank line. 3. Go to Insert Layout Objects Div tag. 4. In the Insert Div Tag dialog box, click New CSS Rule. 5. In the New CSS Rule dialog box, select the following options: Selector type: ID Selector name: #main Rule Definition : styles.css 6. Click OK. 7. In the CSS Rule Definition dialog box, select the following Box category options: Width: 100% Padding; 0 Margin: 0 8. Click OK. 9. In the Insert Div Tag dialog box, make sure the ID field displays main, then click OK. F. Creating the Navigation Area 1. Select the placeholder text for the id main and delete it. 2. Go to Insert Layout Objects Div tag. 3. In the Insert Div Tag dialog box, click New CSS Rule. 4. In the New CSS Rule dialog box, select the following options: Selector type: ID Selector name: #nav Rule Definition : styles.css 5. Click OK Nishikai Consulting Page 48
52 6. In the CSS Rule Definition dialog box, select the following Box category options: Width: 100px Float: left Padding; 5 Margin: 0 7. Click OK. 8. In the Insert Div Tag dialog box, make sure the ID field displays nav, then click OK. 9. Select the placeholder text for id nav, and enter the following text: Home Academics Officers Events Join Us 10. Select each text and type the name of the associated HTML file in the Links field of the Property Inspector. Home = index.htm Academics = academics.htm Officers = officers.htm Events = events.htm Join Us = join.htm G. Creating the Content Area 1. In the code view, click between the ending </div> tag of the nav div and the ending </div> tag of the main div. Press Return to create a new blank line. 2. Go to Insert Layout Objects Div tag. 3. In the Insert Div Tag dialog box, click New CSS Rule Nishikai Consulting Page 49
53 4. In the New CSS Rule dialog box, select the following options: Selector type: ID Selector name: #content Rule Definition : styles.css 5. Click OK. 6. In the CSS Rule Definition dialog box, select the following Box category options: Width: 800px Float: right Padding; 5 Margin: 0 7. Click OK. 8. In the Insert Div Tag dialog box, make sure the ID field displays content, then click OK. H. Creating the Footer 1. In the code view, click between the ending </div> tag of the main div and the ending </div> tag of the wrapper div. Press Return to create a new blank line. 2. Go to Insert Layout Objects Div tag. 3. In the Insert Div Tag dialog box, click New CSS Rule. 4. In the New CSS Rule dialog box, select the following options: Selector type: ID Selector name: #footer Rule Definition : styles.css 5. Click OK. 6. In the CSS Rule Definition dialog box, select the following Box category options: Width: 100% Height: 50px Clear: both Padding; 5 Margin: Nishikai Consulting Page 50
54 7. Click OK. 8. In the Insert Div Tag dialog box, make sure the ID field displays content, then click OK. 9. Select the placeholder text and type a copyright statement. 10. Save the file Nishikai Consulting Page 51
55 XIII. Creating More Pages We can use the template that we created in the previous section to create our final pages. A. Creating the Home page 1. In the template.htm page, go to File Save As. 2. In the Save As dialog box, make sure the location is the top level of the Local Site folder. 3. For the File name, type index.htm. 4. Click Save. 5. Go to the old index_temp.htm page. 6. Select all the content and copy it Nishikai Consulting Page 52
56 7. Go back to the new index.htm page. 8. Select the placeholder text for the content area, and delete it. 9. Paste the new content into the content area. 10. Save the file. B. Creating the Academics page 1. Save another copy of the template.htm file as academics.htm. 2. Copy the old academics_temp.htm content into the academics.htm file. 3. Save the file 2010 Nishikai Consulting Page 53
57 C. Creating the Officers page 1. Save another copy of the template.htm file as officers.htm. 2. Copy the old officers_temp.ht m content into the officers.htm file. 3. Save the file D. Creating the Events page 1. Save another copy of the template.htm file as events.htm. 2. From the File panel, open the events.doc file. 3. Copy text in events.doc into the events.htm file. 4. Save the file Nishikai Consulting Page 54
58 E. Creating the Join Us page 1. Save another copy of the template.htm file as join.htm. 2. From the File panel, open the join.doc file. 3. Copy text from join.doc into the join.htm file. 4. Save the file. F. Previewing in a Browser 1. Go to the index.htm file. 2. In the Document toolbar, click the Preview in Browser button and select a browser. 3. Test the links in the navigation area. 4. If there are any problems, come back to Dreamweaver and make changes Nishikai Consulting Page 55
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