Natural gas. Finnish Natural Gas Association

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1 Natural gas in Finland2009 Finnish Natural Gas Association

2 Natural gas and Finland Natural gas Since 1974 From Russia Share 11 % of primary energy Transmission company Gasum Oy Transmission grid km Compressor stations 3 with 9 units, total capacity 64 MW Storages None Distribution companies 30 Distribution networks km Customers Sales in bcm or 45 TWh Supplies since bcm Finland Form of government Parlamentary republic since Population 5.3 million Capital Helsinki with inhabitants Land area square km Geography lakes and islands Distance from south to north km Coastline km Forest covers 75 % of the land area Languages Finnish (91 %) and Swedish (5 %) Currency Euro GDP at market prices /inhabitant in 2008

3 Number of natural gas consumers in Finland on January 1, 2009 Households, cooking Natural gas vehicles One-family houses, heating Apartment houses Commercial and public buildings Greenhouses Small-scale industry Heavy industry District heating plants Power plants Consumption million m 3 = 44.8 TWh 1.1% 11.4% 18.7% Production of electrical energy 31.2 % 27.5% Space heating and hot water 29.4 % 38.6% 19.9% 24.0% 16.1% 2.5% 14.0% 6.8% Industrial processes 39.3 % 1.9% 0.8% 6.7% Number Consumption (million m 3 /a) Total Natural gas consumption in Finland 2008 Average consumption (m 3 /a/consumer) r, 24.0 % 2.5 % rect pr rgy use 6.7 % Natural Gas Vehicles 0.1 % Natural gas in Finland 2009

4 Natural gas consumption by market sectors in Finland in 2008 Imports million m 3 or 44.9 TWh (0 o C, 36 MJ/m 3 ) Gross consumption million m 3 or 44.8 TWh Compressor stations Industry 49.5 % Regional distribution 4.5 % 2.2 % 0.3 % Energy and power companies 50.5 % 51.7 % Power production 1.0 % Combined district heat and power (CHP) 38.6 % District heat production 6.7 % Natural gas vehicles 0.1 % Residential buildings 1.0 % Commercial sector 0.7 % Greenhouses 0.2 % Other industry 0.8 % Food industry 1.1 % Glass and brick industry 2.0 % Metal industry 1.6 % Pulp and paper industry 25.7 % Chemical industry 20.5 %

5 Natural gas consumption in Finland in million m TWh Large industry Energy and power companies Regional distribution Year Total consumption Large industry Power production District heat and DH-power Regional distribution* Natural gas in Finland * Includes residential and commercial sectors, greenhouses, small-scale industry and natural gas vehicles

6 Primary energy consumption in Finland 1000 toe Shares in 2008 Others 2.4 % Wood fuels 21.1 % Peat 5.8 % Hydro and wind power 4.4 % Electricity imports 3.3 % Nuclear energy 17.2 % Coal 10.1 % Natural gas 10.6 % Oil 25.1 % Sources of electric energy in 2008 total 86.9 TWh Peat 6.7 % Wind power 0.3 % Waste fuels 0.6 % Bio fuels 10.2 % Hydro power 19.4 % Net imports 14.7 % Natural gas 12.5 Coal 9.8 % Oil 0.4% Nuclear power 25.4 % Source: Finnish Energy Industries

7 Natural gas in industry in million m Other industry Chemical industry Pulp and paper industry TWh Natural gas in energy producing industry in million m Electricity generation District heat production Combined district heat and power TWh Natural gas in Finland

8 Finnish natural gas pipeline network Tampere Valkeakoski Hämeenlinna Lahti Turku Hyvinkää Vantaa Lohja Espoo Po Helsin Akaa Asikkala Espoo Hamina Hattula Helsinki Hollola Hyvinkää Hämeenkyrö Hämeenlinna Ikaalinen Imatra Janakkala Järvenpää Kangasala Kerava Kirkkonummi Kotka Kouvola Lahti Lappeenranta Lempäälä Lohja Luumäki Mäntsälä Nastola Nokia Orimattila

9 Length of the natural gas pipelines Transmission pipelines (steel) km Distribution networks polyethylene km steel 90 km cast iron 20 km Total length: km voo ki Lappeenranta Kouvola Kotka Hamina Imatra St. Petersburg Natural gas in Finland 2009 Pirkkala Porvoo Riihimäki Ruokolahti Sipoo Siuntio Taipalsaari Tampere Tuusula Valkeakoski Vantaa Virolahti Ylöjärvi

10 World natural gas at the end of 2007 North America R P C R/P 7.98 tcm bcm bcm 10.3 years Europe & Eurasia R tcm P bcm C bcm R/P 55.2 years Africa South & Central America R P C R/P 7.73 tcm bcm bcm 51.2 years R P C R/P tcm bcm 83.5 bcm 76.6 years

11 Middle East R tcm P bcm C bcm R/P 206 years Asia Pacific R tcm P bcm C bcm R/P 36.9 years Natural gas in Finland 2009 Total world Proved reserves trillion cubic metres Production billion cubic metres Consumption billion cubic metres Reserves to production ratio 60.3 years Source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy

12 Natural gas sales in EU countries in United Kingdom 1057 Germany 932 Italy 899 France 497 Netherlands 431 Spain 408 Belgium 189 Romania 172 Poland 150 Hungary 138 Czech Republik 91 Austria 88 Slovakia 59 Ireland 55 Finland 48 Portugal 46 Greece 43 Denmark 40 Lithuania 37 Bulgaria 35 Latvia 17 Luxembourg 16 Slovenia 12 Sweden 12 EU27 total sales TWh (GCV) Estonia Source: Eurogas

13 Breakdown of EU27 s natural gas supplies Total net supplies TWh (GCV) Nigeria 4 % Others 9 % Algeria 9 % Indigenous production 37 % Source: Eurogas Source: Eurogas Russia 24 % Trinidad & Tobago 6 % Qatar 15 % Others 8 % Norway 17 % Breakdown of EU27 s LNG supplies Total LNG supplies 538 TWh (GCV) Nigeria 27 % Libya 2 % Algeria 30 % Egypt 12 % Natural gas in Finland 2009

14 Abbreviations CNG Compressed Natural Gas LNG Liquefied Natural Gas GTL Gas to Liquids SNG Substitute or Synthetic Natural Gas LPG Liquid Petroleum Gas LFG Landfill Gas NGV Natural Gas Vehicle H 2 V Hydrogen Vehicle NCV Net Calorific Value GCV Gross Calorific Value Conversion factors between energy units toe MWh GJ Gcal toe MWh GJ Gcal Other useful conversion factors 1 billion cubic meter (bcm) natural gas = 35,315 billion cubic feet (bcf) natural gas 1 billion cubic meter (bcm) natural gas = 0,725 million ton LNG 1 million ton LNG = 1,38 billion cubic meter (bcm) natural gas 1 million cubic meter (mcm) LNG = 593 million cubic meter (mcm) natural gas Properties of natural gas and LPG used in Finland net MJ/m 3 Heat value gross MJ/m 3 Density kg/m 3 Relative density Wobbe index Natural gas LPG propane butane

15 Finnish Natural Gas Association The Finnish Natural Gas Association was established in Its main objectives are to improve the operational conditions of gas usage, to supervise common interests of the natural gas branch and to provide expert services. To achieve these objectives the association maintains contacts with authorities and other interest groups. The association organizes conferences and internal meetings for members. The Finnish Natural Gas Association is a member of the International Gas Union. Members of the Finnish Natural Gas Association Gas importing company: Gasum Gas distribution companies and big gas consumers: Anjalankosken Energia Fortum Power and Heat Gasum Paikallisjakelu Gesterbyn Lämpö Haminan Energia Helsingin Energia Hyvinkään Lämpövoima Imatran Lämpö J.M. Huber Finland Kangasalan Lämpö Karhu Voima Keravan Energia Kotkan Energia Kuusankosken Aluelämmitys Lahti Energia Lappeenrannan Energia Lempäälän Lämpö Leppäkosken Sähkö Myllykoski Paper Neste Oil Orimattilan Lämpö Paroc Pohjolan Voima, Nokian Lämpövoima Porvoon Energia Raisio Rautaruukki Sandvik Mining and Construction Stora Enso Tampereen Sähkölaitos UPM-Kymmene Valkeakaasu Valkeakosken Energia Vantaan Energia Vari, Kouvola Vattenfall Lämpö Companies selling gas appliances, equipment or services: AGA Alstom Finland Destia Gasum Energiapalvelut JK Pajarinen & Co Kaasulaite Lennart Wikström Kaasupörssi KWH Pipe Logica Suomi Naval Oilon Pöyry Energy Sarlin Sensorex Siemens Osakeyhtiö Soffco Uponor Suomi Veho Group Vexve Wihuri Oy Witraktor Wärtsilä Finland YIT Industrial and Network Services Research and training organizations: Hyvinkää-Riihimäki Vocational Adult Education Centre Lappeenranta University of Technology / LUT Energy Tampere Vocational Adult Education Centre TAKK VTT/ Technical Research Centre of Finland Natural gas in Finland 2009

16 PB 392 FI HELSINKI, FINLAND Phone Fax Editorial work Hannu Kauppinen, layout A-P Productions Oy, print Rakennuspaino Oy

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