Grondstoffen, nationalisme en geopolitiek Kansen en bedreigingen voor economie en industrie

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Grondstoffen, nationalisme en geopolitiek Kansen en bedreigingen voor economie en industrie"

Transcription

1 Grondstoffen, nationalisme en geopolitiek Kansen en bedreigingen voor economie en industrie Lange Voorhout EE The Hague The Netherlands Website:

2 Exponential Population Growth Population by billion GDP from US$35 to 72 trillion by 2030 Water demand to increase 30% by 2030 Energy demand doubled by 2030 Cereal demand: + 67% by 2050 Land deficit by million ha GHG emissions decrease 50-80% by 2050

3 Certain Global Trends (2008, 2010, 2012, 2014) national intelligence council Uncertain Individual empowerment Shift power to networks & coalitions Emerging informal Groupings Powershift towards non-state actors Arc of instability will narrow Population growth 8.3 billion 2030) Aging, Youth bulges (become dangerous) Urbanization Volume urban construction 2x 40 yrs Half world population lives in waterstressed areas Demand for resources increases Food 30%, water 40%, energy 50% Collaboration world community Shocks, discontinuities & Crisis Government adaptability uncertain Interstate & Intrastate conflicts Speed & impact climate change difficult to judge Speed of transition toward sustainable energy, economic productivity

4 Systemic changes The emergence of non-western countries can lead to: Instability, because multipolarity not stable per definition Declining shaping power of the West, weaker legal framework and effectiveness of institutions More black holes in (regions of) failed states Growing instability as consequence of struggle over minerals, energy and effects of climate change. Soft power of China: autocratic, resource rich countries and against resource poor democracies How will emerging powers handle geopolitical aspects of resources, how will the West react and what is consequence for local and regional stability?

5 Scarcity: source of conflicts Angola ( ): oil, diamond DRC (1996-?): copper, coltan, diamond, cobalt, wood, tin Congo (1997-?): oil Ivory Coast ( ): diamond, cacao, cotton Liberia ( ): wood, diamond, iron, palm oil, cacao, coffee, rubber, gold Senegal: wood, cashew nuts Sierra Leone ( ), diamond, cacao, coffee Sudan ( ): oil Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands: Oil/Gas, Fishery, REE dispute Examples: Africa according to UNEP

6 Why commodities matter again Intense politicization and securitization of commodity markets Commodities as key strategic issue in a multipolar world Emerging nexus of environmental, economic & security policy

7 Critical Raw Materials for the EU For NL also Gold and Phosphate ore Source: EC, DG Enterprise and Industry Critical Raw Materials for the EU Brussels, 2010.

8 EU 14 Critical Metals

9 Simplified supply chain for electronics Mine Trader Smelter Component producer Contract manufacturer / assembly End-user Typically 7+ tiers between mine and end-user

10

11 Conflict Minerals Supply Chain Smelter is at key point in supply chain to enforce responsible purchasing 11

12 Iron Ore Exploration Activities

13

14 China s 12 th 5 year plan nd economy, soon 1st Develop China s western regions Protect the environment and improve energy efficiency Continue transitioning to an economy driven by domestic consumption instead of experts Improve the lives of Chinese citizens Develop 7 priority industries 2%>8% GDP by 2015 (New energy, energy conservation and environmental protection, biotechnology, new materials, new IT, high-end equipment manufacturing, clean energy vehicles)

15 Targets China s 12 th 5 year plan Annual growth 7% GDP Increase urbanisation 47,5% > 51,5% Increase service sector 43% > 47% GDP Increase spending R&D 2,2% GDP Hold inflation below 4% per year Increase non-fossil fuels to 11,4% Reduce energy per unit of GDP to 16% Reduce C0 2 emission per unit GDP to 17% Increase forest coverage by 21,66% Decrease pollutants COD and sulfur dioxide by *% each

16 Sovereign Wealth Funds

17 Buying Power Purchasing minerals & energy concessions Land purchases for agriculture Purchasing and initiating trading & exchange platforms London Metal Exchange: sold in June 2012 to Hong Kong Exchanges & Clearing (HKEx). Traded at a price 180 times its annual earnings (1,4 B$) Biggest sponsor: China Development Bank, a policy bank

18

19 Bezien vanuit Nederlands Buitenlands en Economisch beleid De bevordering van: Samenwerking in EU verband Betrek beleid rond o.a. industrie, innovatie, grondstofefficiëntie, handel, concurrentie, ontwikkelingssamenwerking, landbouw, hernieuwbare energie en klimaat Samenwerking met grondstoffen en halffabricaat producerende landen (creëer nieuwe interdependenties) Bevorder beleid gericht op reciprociteit Internationale transparantie en legale handel Onderzoek naar vraagreductie, substitutie en gedrag (3R)

20

21 The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies J.G.M. (Michel) Rademaker MTL Deputy Director, Market and Operations T: E: M: hcssnl Linkedin Facebook Visiting and Postal Address: Lange Voorhout 16, 2514 EE Den Haag, The Netherlands

EUMEDION, 12 okt 2011. Lange Voorhout 16 2514 EE The Hague The Netherlands Email: info@hcss.nl Website: www.hcss.nl

EUMEDION, 12 okt 2011. Lange Voorhout 16 2514 EE The Hague The Netherlands Email: info@hcss.nl Website: www.hcss.nl Grondstoffen EUMEDION, 12 okt 2011 Lange Voorhout 16 2514 EE The Hague The Netherlands Email: info@hcss.nl Website: www.hcss.nl Population exponential growth Population by 2050 9 billion GDP from US$35

More information

ACCOUNTING FOR ASIA S NATURAL CAPITAL

ACCOUNTING FOR ASIA S NATURAL CAPITAL ACCOUNTING FOR S NATURAL CAPITAL DRIVING THE TRANSITION TO A RESOURCE-EFFICIENT GREEN ECONOMY Asia s rapid economic growth during recent decades has been accompanied by serious depletion of the region

More information

Competitiveness and the Global Trends Roadmap: 2015-2050

Competitiveness and the Global Trends Roadmap: 2015-2050 Competitiveness and the Global Trends Roadmap: 2015-2050 IMD R&D Global Trends are an interesting pedagogical tool to open up the minds of IMD participants, and are commonly used early in an IMD program

More information

Chart 1: Zambia's Major Trading Partners (Exports + Imports) Q4 2008 - Q4 2009. Switzernd RSA Congo DR China UAE Kuwait UK Zimbabwe India Egypt Other

Chart 1: Zambia's Major Trading Partners (Exports + Imports) Q4 2008 - Q4 2009. Switzernd RSA Congo DR China UAE Kuwait UK Zimbabwe India Egypt Other Bank of Zambia us $ Million 1. INTRODUCTION This report shows Zambia s direction of merchandise trade for the fourth quarter of 2009 compared with the corresponding quarter in 2008. Revised 1 statistics,

More information

Europe s exports of manufactured goods totalled almost US$ 5 trillion in 2013

Europe s exports of manufactured goods totalled almost US$ 5 trillion in 2013 Europe s exports of manufactured goods totalled almost US$ 5 trillion in 2013 Merchandise exports by region and product, 2013 (US$ billion) 4% Increase in Europe s exports of manufactured goods in 2013

More information

Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia Luanda, Angola Oct , 2009

Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia Luanda, Angola Oct , 2009 Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia Luanda, Angola Oct. 20 21, 2009 SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, INNOVATION and ENVIRONMENT David Cikomo Strangway President Emeritus University of Toronto, 1983 84 University of

More information

ANNEX V: Country Commodity Development Strategy Maps

ANNEX V: Country Commodity Development Strategy Maps ANNEX V: Country Commodity Development Strategy Maps COUNTRY: BENIN Commodities: 1. Cotton 2. Cashew nuts 3. Pineapple 4. Shrimps & fish 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Total no. of cells (No. of criteria x Levels

More information

Domestic steel market overview

Domestic steel market overview Domestic steel market overview Chifipa Mhango Chief Economist: ArcelorMittal South Africa Investor Session: Cape Town & Johannesburg September 2011 The Economy in a nutshell Global overview Advanced economies

More information

MF Global Seminar 15 October 2009

MF Global Seminar 15 October 2009 MF Global Seminar 15 October 29 This presentation has been prepared by Rio Tinto plc and Rio Tinto Limited ( Rio Tinto ) and consisting of the slides for a presentation concerning Rio Tinto. By reviewing/attending

More information

II. Merchandise trade

II. Merchandise trade II. Merchandise trade Merchandise trade increased by 5 per cent in volume in 211. The strongest momentum was achieved by trade in manufactured goods, which grew by.5 per cent. Key developments in 211:

More information

Renewable Energy Development and Environment in Thailand: Rangsan Sarochawikasit

Renewable Energy Development and Environment in Thailand: Rangsan Sarochawikasit Renewable Energy Development and Environment in Thailand: Rangsan Sarochawikasit 1. Thailand national energy policy Dr Thaksin Shinawatra s government has formulated an energy policy to emphasize and promote

More information

Summary of the Impact assessment for a 2030 climate and energy policy framework

Summary of the Impact assessment for a 2030 climate and energy policy framework Summary of the Impact assessment for a 2030 climate and energy policy framework Contents Overview a. Drivers of electricity prices b. Jobs and growth c. Trade d. Energy dependence A. Impact assessment

More information

Industry Outlook. Mining ISSN 2201-3660

Industry Outlook. Mining ISSN 2201-3660 Industry Outlook Mining ISSN 2201-3660 Table of Contents Employment... 1 Sectoral Employment... 2 Geographic Distribution... 3 Workforce Characteristics... 5 Workforce Age Profile... 5 Gender and Full

More information

SIERRA LEONE UPDATES FROM THE INSTANBUL PRIORITY AREAS OF ACTION

SIERRA LEONE UPDATES FROM THE INSTANBUL PRIORITY AREAS OF ACTION SIERRA LEONE UPDATES FROM THE INSTANBUL PRIORITY AREAS OF ACTION 1 OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION Recent Developments Istanbul Priority Areas of Action Poverty Levels Agenda for Prosperity Challenges Conclusion

More information

SS6E1 The student will analyze different economic systems.

SS6E1 The student will analyze different economic systems. Brazil & Cuba Standards SS6E1 The student will analyze different economic systems. a. Compare how traditional, command, and market, economies answer the economic questions of 1-what to produce, 2-how to

More information

student. They should complete the

student. They should complete the Brazil & Cuba Standards SS6E1 The student will analyze different economic systems. a. Compare how traditional, command, and market, economies answer the economic questions of 1- what to produce, 2-how

More information

Where GE and Africa Meet Trends and Opportunities for Innovation in Africa

Where GE and Africa Meet Trends and Opportunities for Innovation in Africa Where GE and Africa Meet Trends and Opportunities for Innovation in Africa GE Africa Innovation Centre Background Paper 1 September 2016 60 Glenhove Road Houghton Estate Johannesburg South Africa Tel.

More information

THE SUPPORTING NETWORK: TECHNOLOGIES AND PEOPLE TOWARD NEW PARADIGMS

THE SUPPORTING NETWORK: TECHNOLOGIES AND PEOPLE TOWARD NEW PARADIGMS THE SUPPORTING NETWORK: TECHNOLOGIES AND PEOPLE TOWARD NEW PARADIGMS DOWNLOAD FULL-TEXT @ WWW.MUSEOSCIENZA.ORG/2013 POPULATION 01 POPULATION, 1950-2050 Source: UN-DESA (United Nation - Department of Economic

More information

Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 5.3.2014 COM(2014) 111 final 2014/0059 (COD) Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL setting up a Union system for supply chain due diligence

More information

Conflict Minerals Update Kelly St. Andre Bing Xu

Conflict Minerals Update Kelly St. Andre Bing Xu Conflict Minerals Update Kelly St. Andre Bing Xu Agenda Dodd-Frank August 2012 Ruling Workgroups Actions Taken Automotive Position Planning For Compliance Q & A Background Conflict Minerals Tin, tantalum,

More information

Globalization: Who Wins, Who Loses?

Globalization: Who Wins, Who Loses? Globalization: Who Wins, Who Loses? Economists focus on free trade in goods, services, labor, and capital, and the institutional rules that make this possible between (rather than just internal to) countries.

More information

Outline. 1. Climate and energy: where do we stand? 2. Why a new framework for 2030? 3. How it works. 4. Main challenges. 5.

Outline. 1. Climate and energy: where do we stand? 2. Why a new framework for 2030? 3. How it works. 4. Main challenges. 5. 1 Outline 1. Climate and energy: where do we stand? 2. Why a new framework for 2030? 3. How it works 4. Main challenges 5. and benefits 6. Other key points 7. Next steps 2 1. Climate and energy: where

More information

Opportunities, Challenges and Strategies for the China Market

Opportunities, Challenges and Strategies for the China Market Opportunities, Challenges and Strategies for the China Market Craig Allen, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Commerce for China May 28, 2014 Salt Lake City, Utah Presentation Outline Historic Perspective Why

More information

The Growing Commodity Trading Market in Asia. Rebecca Brosnan Head of Asia Commodities 22 April 2015

The Growing Commodity Trading Market in Asia. Rebecca Brosnan Head of Asia Commodities 22 April 2015 The Growing Commodity Trading Market in Asia Rebecca Brosnan Head of Asia Commodities 22 April 2015 I. HKEx s Entry into Commodities Vertical Value Chain HKEx Group Business Strategy Horizontal Asset Classes

More information

ACP-EU JOINT PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY. Session document WORKING DOCUMENT. The social and environmental impact of mining in the ACP

ACP-EU JOINT PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY. Session document WORKING DOCUMENT. The social and environmental impact of mining in the ACP ACP-EU JOINT PARLIAMTARY ASSEMBLY Session document 7.11.2011 WORKING DOCUMT The social and environmental impact of mining in the ACP Corapporteurs: Job Ndugai (Tanzania) and Michèle Rivasi

More information

Global aluminium outlook and our focus on Tier 1 assets

Global aluminium outlook and our focus on Tier 1 assets Global aluminium outlook and our focus on Tier 1 assets Gordon Hamilton, Vice president Metal Management Sales and Marketing, Rio Tinto Alcan Platts Aluminium Symposium Fort Lauderdale Short term economic

More information

Economic Planning in China by Gregory C. Chow, Princeton University CEPS Working Paper No. 219 June 2011

Economic Planning in China by Gregory C. Chow, Princeton University CEPS Working Paper No. 219 June 2011 Economic Planning in China by Gregory C. Chow, Princeton University CEPS Working Paper No. 219 June 2011 Economic Planning in China Gregory C. Chow This paper provides an up-to-date study of economic planning

More information

SACU MERCHANDISE TRADE STATISTICS 2010 (No 2) MERCHANDISE TRADE STATISTICS 2010

SACU MERCHANDISE TRADE STATISTICS 2010 (No 2) MERCHANDISE TRADE STATISTICS 2010 SACU MERCHANDISE TRADE STATISTICS 2010 (No 2) MERCHANDISE TRADE STATISTICS 2010 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. WORLD TRADE AND SACU... 1 2. BOTSWANA... 2 3. LESOTHO... 7 4. NAMIBIA... 12 5. SOUTH AFRICA... 16 6.

More information

Materials Scarcity. From global challenge to a company's perpsective. Ton Bastein / Niels van Loon

Materials Scarcity. From global challenge to a company's perpsective. Ton Bastein / Niels van Loon From global challenge to a company's perpsective Stelling 1 2 Stelling 2 3 Stelling 3 4 7 Metals/minerals scarcity on the agenda 9 Causes of raw materials scarcity Economic causes Increasing demand (population

More information

14 th Americas School of Mines

14 th Americas School of Mines Mining Taxes John Gravelle Steve Ralbovsky Roberto Carlos Rivas Agenda Tax and Royalty Payments as Part of Sustainability Panel Discussion/Questions/Comments: Should paying your fair share of taxes be

More information

TYPES OF ECONOMIC SYSTEMS Definition Key Terms Countries

TYPES OF ECONOMIC SYSTEMS Definition Key Terms Countries Cuba Brazil TYPES OF ECONOMIC SYSTEMS Definition Key Terms Countries 1) Market economy An economic system in which individuals own and operate the factors of production. 2) Command economy An economic

More information

Peru, Argentina, and Brazil: Economic Factors

Peru, Argentina, and Brazil: Economic Factors Peru, Argentina, and Brazil: Economic Factors PERU Grade 6 Economic Overview: Peru's economy reflects its varied geography - an arid coastal region, the Andes further inland, and tropical lands bordering

More information

Trade in the East African Community (EAC) Africa s intra-regional powerhouse

Trade in the East African Community (EAC) Africa s intra-regional powerhouse Trade in the East African Community (EAC) Africa s intra-regional powerhouse Dr Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank Windsor Country Club, Nairobi, Thursday May 16th 2013 Section 1

More information

II. Merchandise trade

II. Merchandise trade II. Merchandise trade World merchandise trade grew by 2 per cent in volume terms in 2012 against a backdrop of weak global demand and declining prices. This is significantly less than the 5 per cent increase

More information

CURRENT ACCOUNT: THE REGIONAL DEVELOPMENTS AND TRENDS

CURRENT ACCOUNT: THE REGIONAL DEVELOPMENTS AND TRENDS CURRENT ACCOUNT: THE REGIONAL DEVELOPMENTS AND TRENDS Prepared by Armenuhi Burnazyan and Arevik Aleksanyan In our project we tried to analyze Current Account (CA) balance trends for Armenia, Georgia and

More information

Global Agriculture Markets: Today and

Global Agriculture Markets: Today and Global Agriculture Markets: Today and Tomorrow AgriEvolution Summit New Delhi, India JB Penn Chief Economist December 5, 2013 1 bal Agriculture Markets: Today and Tomorrow Brief Historic Review (2000-2013)

More information

World Energy Outlook 2007: China and India Insights. www.worldenergyoutlook.org International Energy Agency

World Energy Outlook 2007: China and India Insights. www.worldenergyoutlook.org International Energy Agency World Energy Outlook 27: China and India Insights www.worldenergyoutlook.org International Energy Agency Why Focus on China & India? Increase in World Primary Energy Demand, Imports & Energy-Related CO

More information

QUARTERLY ECONOMIC BULLETIN DECEMBER QUARTER 2011

QUARTERLY ECONOMIC BULLETIN DECEMBER QUARTER 2011 BANK OF PAPUA NEW GUINEA MEDIA R E L E A S E 02 nd May, 2012 QUARTERLY ECONOMIC BULLETIN DECEMBER QUARTER 2011 Mr. Loi M. Bakani, Governor of the Bank of Papua New Guinea (Bank of PNG), today released

More information

CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF IMPLEMENTING THE FY 2016/17 BUDGET AND ACHIEVING QUALITY SERVICE DELIVERY

CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF IMPLEMENTING THE FY 2016/17 BUDGET AND ACHIEVING QUALITY SERVICE DELIVERY CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF IMPLEMENTING THE FY 2016/17 BUDGET AND ACHIEVING QUALITY SERVICE DELIVERY By Mr. Kenneth Mugambe Director Budget Ministry of Finance, Planning & Economic Development At

More information

Guangdong Province. By Sophie Lu LUP , 23 th February 2012

Guangdong Province. By Sophie Lu LUP , 23 th February 2012 Guangdong Province By Sophie Lu LUP 011.8-2, 23 th February 2012 Guangdong: highest GDP in China for over 20 years The GDP of Guangdong province ranked first nationwide for 22 consecutive years by 2010,

More information

UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA TANZANIA INVESTMENT CENTRE INVESTMENT CLIMATE AND OPPORTUNITIES IN TANZANIA

UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA TANZANIA INVESTMENT CENTRE INVESTMENT CLIMATE AND OPPORTUNITIES IN TANZANIA UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA TANZANIA INVESTMENT CENTRE INVESTMENT CLIMATE AND OPPORTUNITIES IN TANZANIA PRESENTATION TO THE CDM WORKSHOP DAR ES SALAAM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE CENTRE 21 ST JANUARY,2008

More information

Greening Jobs and Growth Potential in Europe

Greening Jobs and Growth Potential in Europe Greening Jobs and Growth Potential in Europe Prof. Diana Mangalagiu Smith School of Enterprise and Environment, Oxford University & Global Climate Forum diana.mangalagiu@smithschool.ox.ac.uk GREEN JOBS

More information

Peru RATING PERU Competitive Index WB Doing Business WB Starting a Business Corruption Index S&P s Economic/Industry Risk Heritage Economic Freedom

Peru RATING PERU Competitive Index WB Doing Business WB Starting a Business Corruption Index S&P s Economic/Industry Risk Heritage Economic Freedom Peru Driven mainly by domestic demand and rising investments, Peru s economy will be one of the best-performing economies in South America in 2014 according to Euromonitor International. The trade agreement

More information

EXPERT MEETING on. Geneva, 24-25 September 2007. Foreign Direct Investment in Vietnam. Ms. Le Hai Van

EXPERT MEETING on. Geneva, 24-25 September 2007. Foreign Direct Investment in Vietnam. Ms. Le Hai Van EXPERT MEETING on COMPARING BEST PRACTICES FOR CREATING AN ENVIRONMENT CONDUCIVE TO MAXIMIZING DEVELOPMENT BENEFITS, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND INVESTMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND COUNTRIES WITH ECONOMIES

More information

The Impact of the Financial Crisis on South Africa

The Impact of the Financial Crisis on South Africa Africa Economists Retreat, December 5, 2008 The Impact of the Financial Crisis on South Africa Phindile Ngwenya and Michele Zini PREM Pretoria Country Office Outline The Economic Background Recent Developments

More information

Topics for Dissertation

Topics for Dissertation Topics for Dissertation Dr. Keshab Bhattarai 1 HUBS December 14, 2010 1 Business School, University of Hull, HU6 7RX, Hull, UK. email: K.R.Bhattarai@hull.ac.uk Dr. Bhattarai (HUBS) Dissertation topics

More information

COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT. A call to action on urban logistics. Accompanying the document

COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT. A call to action on urban logistics. Accompanying the document EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 17.12.2013 SWD(2013) 524 final COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT A call to action on urban logistics Accompanying the document COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN

More information

Fifty years of Australia s trade

Fifty years of Australia s trade Fifty years of Australia s trade Introduction This edition of Australia s Composition of Trade marks the publication s 50th anniversary. In recognition of this milestone, this article analyses changes

More information

Aid, trade, diplomacy and law enforcement

Aid, trade, diplomacy and law enforcement Aid, trade, diplomacy and law enforcement A Dutch view on reducing deforestation in supply chains of agricultural commodities. Rob Busink, Nature and Biodiversity Department Transatlantic Dialogue, 23-24

More information

Commodity Trading. NRGI Reader March 2015. Converting Natural Resources into Revenues KEY MESSAGES

Commodity Trading. NRGI Reader March 2015. Converting Natural Resources into Revenues KEY MESSAGES NRGI Reader March 2015 Commodity Trading Converting Natural Resources into Revenues KEY MESSAGES Commodity sales transfer natural resources physical assets into revenues. The sales can generate a large

More information

Economic Impact Study

Economic Impact Study Economic Impact Study U.S.- Based Scrap Recycling Industry 2015 Prepared for the Institute for Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc. Executive Summary Scrap recycling is a major U.S.-based industry dedicated

More information

Ecosystem Services and Rural Poverty Reduction

Ecosystem Services and Rural Poverty Reduction Ecosystem Services and Rural Poverty Reduction Issues, Challenges and Opportunities Balakrishna Pisupati United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Focus Poverty Poverty-Environment Linkages Poverty Biodiversity

More information

AIO Life Seminar Abidjan - Côte d Ivoire

AIO Life Seminar Abidjan - Côte d Ivoire AIO Life Seminar Abidjan - Côte d Ivoire Life Insurance Market Survey of Selected African Countries Bertus Thomas Africa Committee of the Actuarial Society of South Africa Agenda SECTION 1 SURVEY OBJECTIVE

More information

Fiscal Space & Public Expenditure on the Social Sectors

Fiscal Space & Public Expenditure on the Social Sectors Briefing Paper Strengthening Social Protection for Children inequality reduction of poverty social protection February 2009 reaching the MDGs strategy security social exclusion Social Policies social protection

More information

Lesson 2. Nebraska's Role in U.S. Exports

Lesson 2. Nebraska's Role in U.S. Exports Lesson 2 Nebraska's Role in U.S. Exports OVERVIEW: Nebraska, like other states, is always looking for ways to increase its wealth. One way to expand Nebraska markets is to increase the number of products

More information

Best Essay from a First Year Student

Best Essay from a First Year Student RBA ECONOMICS COMPETITION 2010 Appreciation of Australia s real exchange rate: causes and effects Best Essay from a First Year Student ASHVINI RAVIMOHAN The University of New South Wales Appreciation of

More information

Growth promotion through industrial strategies in Zambia

Growth promotion through industrial strategies in Zambia Growth promotion through industrial strategies in Zambia 1. Introduction and summary This brief provides a summary of the findings of a study investigating the current and potential opportunities for growth

More information

Chief Operations Officer, CFC, World Bamboo Congress, April 2012

Chief Operations Officer, CFC, World Bamboo Congress, April 2012 Common Fund for Commodities and bamboo value chains Short brief by Guy Sneyers Short brief by Guy Sneyers Chief Operations Officer, CFC, World Bamboo Congress, April 2012 Young autonomous intergovernmental

More information

Value Chains A Strategy for Re-Industrialization

Value Chains A Strategy for Re-Industrialization Value Chains A Strategy for Re-Industrialization 27 29 July 2016 Rainbow Hotel Bulawayo, Zimbabwe Monnane M. Monnane, PhD. SADC Secretariat Structure of the Presentation Background (RISDP and SADC Industrialization

More information

Botswana s Competitive Business Advantage. Meshack Tshekedi, Chief Operations Officer February 2016

Botswana s Competitive Business Advantage. Meshack Tshekedi, Chief Operations Officer February 2016 Botswana s Competitive Business Advantage Meshack Tshekedi, Chief Operations Officer February 2016 Contents Introduction to Botswana, Macro-economic data Botswana s Competitiveness Strengths Pertinent

More information

Energy Megatrends 2020

Energy Megatrends 2020 Energy Megatrends 2020 Esa Vakkilainen 1 NOTE The data included in the following is mainly based on International Energy Agency's (IEA) World Energy Outlook 2007 IEA is considered the most reliable source

More information

GEOPOLITICS OF ENERGY AND ENERGY SECURITY A EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE

GEOPOLITICS OF ENERGY AND ENERGY SECURITY A EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE GEOPOLITICS OF ENERGY AND ENERGY SECURITY A EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE Jean-Paul Decaestecker Council of the European Union Energy Foresight Symposium 2007 BERGEN, 22-23 March 2007 EFS 2007 The views expressed

More information

Orientation on Horizon2020

Orientation on Horizon2020 Orientation on Horizon2020 Food Valley 25 June 2015 Saske Hoving National Contact Point Netherlands Enterprise Agency Horizon 2020 What? A new EU programme for research and innovation Horizon 2020 2007-2013

More information

Materials and the Environment Part 1 Major Contributors to Increasing Consumption: Population and Economic Growth

Materials and the Environment Part 1 Major Contributors to Increasing Consumption: Population and Economic Growth Materials and the Environment Part 1 Major Contributors to Increasing Consumption: Population and Economic Growth (Most recent update April 1, 2013) Population Growth Billions World Population 1850-1950

More information

Gabon: Opportunities & Outlook

Gabon: Opportunities & Outlook Gabon: Opportunities & Outlook Rolake Akinkugbe West Africa/Gulf of Guinea Specialist & Head of Oil and Gas Research Ecobank Group UK-Gabon Investment Forum 29 November 2012 Section 1 Gabon s economy:

More information

Comparison Analysis of the Australian Dollar with BFI Production, Commodity Exports and Mining Industry

Comparison Analysis of the Australian Dollar with BFI Production, Commodity Exports and Mining Industry Comparison Analysis of the Australian Dollar with BFI Production, Commodity Exports and Mining Industry Hee Joong Kim (James) hvk5120@gmail.com September 10, 2015 ABSTRACT Australia is the largest iron

More information

Product Environmental Assessment Activities in Taiwan

Product Environmental Assessment Activities in Taiwan Product Environmental Assessment Activities in Taiwan Jet Wu Taiwan Environmental Management Association November 25, 2014 Taiwan Environmental Management Association Established 1998 Focus on Promote

More information

PROGRESS REPORT. Results. What has working with the private sector delivered for nature

PROGRESS REPORT. Results. What has working with the private sector delivered for nature PROGRESS REPORT EN 0 Results What has working with the private sector delivered for nature Only if we transform markets for commodities, water and energy and our demands for them, will the Earth be able

More information

The African lion is galloping faster and faster

The African lion is galloping faster and faster The African lion is galloping faster and faster Presented by James Budd Chairman of the Budd Group Rhea Li & Van Hong Dang Claims managers 54 countries 39 on the coast 26,000 Km coastline 1.0 billion

More information

The World Bank & the Ocean. A Healthy & Productive Ocean to Help Reduce Poverty

The World Bank & the Ocean. A Healthy & Productive Ocean to Help Reduce Poverty The World Bank & the Ocean A Healthy & Productive Ocean to Help Reduce Poverty Why oceans matter to the World Bank NUTRITION Seafood provides 16% of the world s animal protein 1 billion people in developing

More information

Economic Overview. East Asia managed to weather the global recession by relying on export-oriented

Economic Overview. East Asia managed to weather the global recession by relying on export-oriented Economic Overview Economic growth remains strong in East Asia and retains healthy momentum thanks to strong commodity prices and increases in exports. leads the region in growth and its GDP is expected

More information

Future Trends in Global Exchange Rates and Output: Implications for Canadian Trade

Future Trends in Global Exchange Rates and Output: Implications for Canadian Trade Future Trends in Global Exchange Rates and Output: Implications for Canadian Trade International Trade and Investment Centre May 16th, 2012 Kip Beckman, Principal Economist beckman@conferenceboard.ca Purpose

More information

I. World trade developments

I. World trade developments I. World trade developments World merchandise exports stagnated in value terms in 2012 while exports of commercial services increased by 2 per cent. Key developments in 2012: a snapshot Trade data List

More information

REQUIRED TO CARRY OUT DUE DILIGENCE PROCESSORS OPT INTO A VOLUNTARY SELF-CERTIFICATION SCHEME

REQUIRED TO CARRY OUT DUE DILIGENCE PROCESSORS OPT INTO A VOLUNTARY SELF-CERTIFICATION SCHEME 8 MAY 2015 AN EFFECTIVE RESPONSE TO THE CONFLICT MINERALS TRADE WHY THE INTA APPROACH TO THE PROPOSED CONFLICT MINERALS REGULATION WOULD FAIL TO TACKLE THE TRADE EFFECTIVELY This briefing sets out a response

More information

G-20 action on vehicle efficiency and emissions

G-20 action on vehicle efficiency and emissions G-20 action on vehicle efficiency and emissions Drew Kodjak, International Council on Clean Transportation; David Shorr, Stanley Foundation; and Sheila Watson, Global Fuel Economy Initiative. This short

More information

Kilian GROSS Acting Head of Unit, A1, DG ENER European Commission

Kilian GROSS Acting Head of Unit, A1, DG ENER European Commission Kilian GROSS Acting Head of Unit, A1, DG ENER European Commission 1 Climate and energy: where do we stand? 2008/2009 2011 2014 The EU climate and energy package 2 Climate and energy: where do we stand?

More information

China Solar Market Analysis

China Solar Market Analysis China Solar Market Analysis Eilat-Eilot Renewable Energy 5 th International Conference & Exhibition Nov. 2012 Anna Wang - Sales Manager (Southern Europe & LaTam) Outline China Overview -About China -Chinese

More information

Energy Projections 2006 2030 Price and Policy Considerations. Dr. Randy Hudson Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Energy Projections 2006 2030 Price and Policy Considerations. Dr. Randy Hudson Oak Ridge National Laboratory Energy Projections 2006 2030 Price and Policy Considerations Dr. Randy Hudson Oak Ridge National Laboratory There is perhaps no single current topic so potentially impacting to all life on this planet

More information

Freight trends and forecasts

Freight trends and forecasts The project is funded by the European Commission s Directorate-General Environment Freight trends and forecasts Riccardo Enei - ISIS www.eutransportghg2050.eu This presentation Introduction to the freight

More information

STEPS TO BUILD A EUROPEAN INDUSTRY FIT FOR THE THIRD MILLENIUM

STEPS TO BUILD A EUROPEAN INDUSTRY FIT FOR THE THIRD MILLENIUM STEPS TO BUILD A EUROPEAN INDUSTRY FIT FOR THE THIRD MILLENIUM Foreword REFOCUSING ON THE REAL ECONOMY The virtual and speculative economy is at the heart of the economic and social crisis afflicting Europe.

More information

A vision of growth for the Swedish mining industry

A vision of growth for the Swedish mining industry A vision of growth for the Swedish mining industry September 2012 Photo: Sandvik The mining industry a growth engine for Sweden Photo: Boliden Swedish mining in a strong market The continous demand on

More information

Globalization and International Trade

Globalization and International Trade 12 Globalization and International Trade Globalization refers to the growing interdependence of countries resulting from the increasing integration of trade, finance, people, and ideas in one global marketplace.

More information

Strategic plan 2014-16. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions Safeguarding water resources Preventing the destruction of forests

Strategic plan 2014-16. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions Safeguarding water resources Preventing the destruction of forests Strategic plan 2014-16 Reducing greenhouse gas emissions Safeguarding water resources Preventing the destruction of forests We face an unprecedented environmental crisis. The impacts of climate change,

More information

6061/16 YML/ik 1 DG C 1

6061/16 YML/ik 1 DG C 1 Council of the European Union Brussels, 15 February 2016 (OR. en) 6061/16 OUTCOME OF PROCEEDINGS From: To: General Secretariat of the Council Delegations No. prev. doc.: 6049/16 Subject: European climate

More information

THE IMPLICATIONS OF THE EBOLA OUTBREAK ON MARKETS, TRADERS, AND FOOD SECURITY IN SIERRA LEONE

THE IMPLICATIONS OF THE EBOLA OUTBREAK ON MARKETS, TRADERS, AND FOOD SECURITY IN SIERRA LEONE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA BULLETIN ONE THE IMPLICATIONS OF THE EBOLA OUTBREAK ON MARKETS, TRADERS, AND FOOD SECURITY IN SIERRA LEONE November 2014 RESEARCHERS: Rachel Glennererster (J-PAL, IGC, and IPA)

More information

Decoupling natural resource use and environmental impacts from economic growth.

Decoupling natural resource use and environmental impacts from economic growth. Decoupling natural resource use and environmental impacts from economic growth www.unep.org/resourcepanel/decoupling The structure of the report Defining decoupling and its importance. Long-term trends

More information

Loi M Bakani: Commodity and food prices, inflation and monetary policy in Papua New Guinea

Loi M Bakani: Commodity and food prices, inflation and monetary policy in Papua New Guinea Loi M Bakani: Commodity and food prices, inflation and monetary policy in Papua New Guinea Presentation by Mr Loi M Bakani, Governor of the Bank of Papua New Guinea, to the National Research Institute

More information

Ruling the Roost Precious Metals

Ruling the Roost Precious Metals Ruling the Roost Precious Metals Thought Paper www.infosys.com/finacle Universal Banking Solution Systems Integration Consulting Business Process Outsourcing Ruling the roost precious metals Over the past

More information

Zhejiang Week - Academic Seminar Erasmus+ and Horizon 2020. Joke Hofmans Liaison agency Flanders Europe 23 November 2015

Zhejiang Week - Academic Seminar Erasmus+ and Horizon 2020. Joke Hofmans Liaison agency Flanders Europe 23 November 2015 Zhejiang Week - Academic Seminar Erasmus+ and Horizon 2020 Joke Hofmans Liaison agency Flanders Europe 23 November 2015 People to people/ people mobility Erasmus+ Horizon 2020 TAIEF Education & Training

More information

Africa and the Mediterranean: the world s next growth frontiers

Africa and the Mediterranean: the world s next growth frontiers Africa and the Mediterranean: the world s next growth frontiers 1. Africa is now at a turning point: Africa has become one of the world s top growth areas (5.6% per annum), thanks to structural reforms

More information

Briefing Note on the ICGLR Regional Certification Mechanism

Briefing Note on the ICGLR Regional Certification Mechanism Briefing Note on the ICGLR Regional Certification Mechanism 1. The ICGLR s commitment to addressing the illegal exploitation of natural resources in the Great Lakes Region The International Conference

More information

China s growing energy demand: some international implications

China s growing energy demand: some international implications China s growing energy demand: some international implications Dr David Robinson Senior Research Fellow OIES 17 October 2013 NOG Stockholm 1 Outline Introduction China s energy demand v. policy objectives

More information

Greening the Building Sector Supply Chain UNEP-SBCI Fall Symposium Singapore, 09-10 October 2012

Greening the Building Sector Supply Chain UNEP-SBCI Fall Symposium Singapore, 09-10 October 2012 Greening the Building Sector Supply Chain UNEP-SBCI Fall Symposium Singapore, 09-10 October 2012 Presented by Noel Morrin, SKANSKA Chair, UNEP-SBCI Task Force on Supply Chain Greening the Building Sector

More information

3 rd Brazil - China Capital Markets Forum

3 rd Brazil - China Capital Markets Forum 3 rd Brazil - China Capital Markets Forum Ilan Goldfajn Chief Economist, Itaú Unibanco Partner, Itaú BBA August 30 th, 2012 In Brief World: consolidating a scenario of low growth. Slow recovery in the

More information

For an inclusive business model in Sub-Saharan Africa: The case of renewable energy

For an inclusive business model in Sub-Saharan Africa: The case of renewable energy For an inclusive business model in Sub-Saharan Africa: The case of renewable energy To address the economic, social and environmental challenges of the energy situation of Africa, GreenWish is developing

More information

Mining and its Impacts on Land and Agriculture in Ghana. By Dr. Ibrahima AIDARA OSIWA Economic Governance Program Manager

Mining and its Impacts on Land and Agriculture in Ghana. By Dr. Ibrahima AIDARA OSIWA Economic Governance Program Manager Mining and its Impacts on Land and Agriculture in Ghana By Dr. Ibrahima AIDARA OSIWA Economic Governance Program Manager UNCCD-COP 11, Windhoek Namibia 17 th September 2013 Mining is an increasingly important

More information

Mineral MINERAL RESOURCES. Resources

Mineral MINERAL RESOURCES. Resources Mineral Resources 149 149 South Africa is known for its abundance of mineral resources. It is estimated to have the world s fifth-largest mining sector in terms of gross domestic product value and its

More information

Please indicate your preference by providing comments as appropriate. Where there is insufficient space, please attach additional pages as necessary.

Please indicate your preference by providing comments as appropriate. Where there is insufficient space, please attach additional pages as necessary. PART B: DETAILED QUESTIONS FOR RESPONSE Please indicate your preference by providing comments as appropriate. Where there is insufficient space, please attach additional pages as necessary. (1) The first

More information

Chapter 11 Notes Latin America, Physical Geography

Chapter 11 Notes Latin America, Physical Geography Chapter 11 Notes Latin America, Physical Geography Name: Hang on to these notes they summarize all three sections of chapter 11. To prepare for your test, read each section of chapter 11 and complete all

More information

Cash Crops, Food Crops and Agricultural Sustainability

Cash Crops, Food Crops and Agricultural Sustainability GATEKEEPER SERIES No. 2 International Institute for Environment and Development Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Livelihoods Programme Cash Crops, Food Crops and Agricultural Sustainability EDWARD B.

More information