No Evidence of Disparate Impact in Texas Due to Use of Credit Information by Personal Lines Insurers

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1 No Evidence of Disparate Impact in Texas Due to Use of Credit Information by Personal Lines Insurers January 2005 Robert P. Hartwig, Ph.D., CPCU, Senior Vice President & Chief Economist Insurance Information Institute 110 William Street New York, NY Tel: (212) Fax: (212)

2 AUTO: New TX Study Confirms Strong Correlation Between Credit Score & Loss Performance Source: Use of Credit Information by Insurers in Texas, Texas Department of Insurance, December 30, The average loss per vehicle for people with the worst credit scores is double that of people with the best scores for this group.

3 HOMEOWNERS: New TX Study Confirms Strong Correlation Between Credit Score & Loss Performance Source: Use of Credit Information by Insurers in Texas, Texas Department of Insurance, December 30, Homeowners insurance loss ratios for people with the worst credit scores is triple that of people with the best scores for this group.

4 AUTO: New TX Study Shows People With Good Credit Involved in Far Fewer Accidents Source: Use of Credit Information by Insurers in Texas, Texas Department of Insurance, December 30, Drivers with the best credit are involved in about 40% fewer accidents than those with the worst credit for this group

5 Texas Study Affirms Importance of Credit as a Rating Factor CONCLUSION The Texas Department of Insurance found a strong relationship between credit scores and claims experience IMPLICATION There is no evidence of disparate impact on any minority/ethnic or socioeconomic group because insurers do not consider this information in the underwriting process. This implies the following: All identically situated individuals, irrespective of differing race, ethnicity or levels of income, would be charged exactly the same amount for auto or homeowners insurance under a rating plan that permits the use of credit information in personal line underwriting. Source: Insurance Information Institute

6 Texas Auto: Relative Loss Ratio (by Credit Score Decile, Total Market)* Avg. Relative Loss Ratio No Score st Decile = Lowest Credit Scores 10 th Decile = Highest Credit Scores st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th Score Range Interpretation: Those with poorest credit scores generated losses more than double that of those with the best scores Extremely strong statistical evidence linking credit score with loss/claim outcomes: Credit score & likelihood of positive claim (p<.0001) Size of loss related to credit score (p<.0001) Correlation between relative loss ratio and credit score (r =.95) *Each decile contains approximately 15,300 policies. Includes standard and non-standard policyholders. Source: University of Texas, Bureau of Business Research, March 2003.

7 Texas Auto: Average Loss per Policy (by Credit Score Decile, Total Market) Avg. Incurred Loss per Policy $1,000 $900 $800 $700 $600 $668 $918 $846 Average Loss = $695 $791 $707 $703 $681 1 st Decile = Lowest Credit Scores 10 th Decile = Highest Credit Scores. Interpretation: Those with poorest credit scores generated incurred losses 65% higher those with the best scores $631 $584 $568 $558 $500 No Score 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th Score Range Source: University of Texas, Bureau of Business Research, March 2003.

8 Importance of Rating Factors by Coverage Type Coverage Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 BI Liability Age/Gender Ins. Score Geography PD Liability Age/Gender Ins. Score Geography PIP Ins. Score Geography Yrs. Insured Med Pay Ins. Score Limit Age/Gender Comprehensive Model Year Age/Gender Ins. Score Collision Model Year Age/Gender Ins. Score Source: The Relationship of Credit-Based Insurance Scores to Private Passenger Automobile Insurance Loss Propensity Michael Miller, FCAS and Richard Smith, FCAS (EPIC Actuaries), June 2003 (Presented at June 2003 NAIC meeting).

9 U.S. Homeownership Rate, 1990 to 2004* Homeownership is at a record high. Because you can t buy a home without insurance, insurance is clearly available and affordable, including to millions of Americans of modest means and all ethnic groups. 63.9% 64.1%64.5% 64.0% 64.7% 65.4% 65.7% 66.3% 68.3% 67.4% 67.8% 67.9% 66.8% 69.0% * *2004 data are for the 3 rd quarter. Source: U.S. Census Bureau; Insurance Information Institute.

10 Homeownership Rates Among US Minorities is Rising, 1994 to % 48% 46% 44% 42% Homeownership rates for minorities are at or near record highs Minorities are using their good credit to buy homes and get insurance 42.3% 41.2% 42.7% 42.1% 44.1% 42.8% 44.8% 43.3% 45.6% 44.7% 46.3% 45.5% Blacks Hispanics 47.2% 46.3% 47.7% 47.3% 47.4% 46.7% 48.1% 47.0% 40% Source: U.S. Census Bureau; Insurance Information Institute.

11 American Dream Come True: Homeownership Among Minority Immigrants to the US is Also Rising* 65% 60% 55% 50% 45% 50.8% Homeownership rates among naturalized Hispanic and Black immigrants are at record highs 55.8% 51.7% 58.4% 47.7% 57.1% 45.3% 56.0% 46.7% 56.0% Blacks 49.9% 58.5% Hispanics 50.8% 59.7% 50.4% 62.7% 51.4% 62.7% 40% Source: U.S. Census Bureau; Insurance Information Institute. *Naturalized citizens

12 Homeownership Rates in Texas, 1990 to % 61.8% 61.5% 62.5% 62.9% 63.8%63.9% 63.4% 64.5% 59.7% 59.7% 59.0% 58.3% 58.7% Homeownership is at a record high in Texas. Most of the insurance policies sold on these homes were scored. Some of the greatest in-roads have been made among people of modest income and minority groups. There is absolutely no evidence whatsoever to support disparate impact Source: U.S. Census Bureau; Insurance Information Institute.

13 Homeownership Rates in Dallas, 1990 to 2003 Homeownership rates in Dallas are at record highs 61.1%62.4% 62.8% 61.1% 60.3% 58.7% 59.0%58.9% 63.1% 54.0% 52.9% 51.5% 52.2% 53.6% Source: U.S. Census Bureau; Insurance Information Institute.

14 Homeownership Rates Are at All Time Record Highs in Most Major Texas Cities 75% 70% 65% 60% 55% Homeownership rates in most Texas cities are at record highs. Minorities are using their good credit to buy homes and get insurance 54.7% 59.1% 53.6% 56.6% = New Record High 65.1% 62.4% 63.1% 62.4% 66.6% 69.9% 50% 45% 40% Austin-San Marcos Houston Dallas Ft. Worth- Arlington Source: U.S. Census Bureau; Insurance Information Institute. San Antonio

15 Percent Change in US Homeownership, % 80% 70% 60% 50% Homeownership rates have increased much faster for minority groups than for whites Minorities are using their good credit to buy homes and get insurance 4.3 million minority net new homeowners were created between 1995 and % 83.5% 40% 30% 20% 10% 10.7% 23.2% 0% White Black Hispanic Other* *Includes American Indian, Eskimo, Aleut, Asian and Pacific Islander. Source: U.S. Census Bureau; Insurance Information Institute.

16 Percent Change in US Real Median Family Income, by Race, (Constant 2001 Dollars) 25% 20% 15% Real income for Black and Hispanic families has increased much faster than for Whites. Minorities are working hard to increase their standard of living. Building a solid credit history is part of what people need to do to improve their standard of living. 14.5% 20.2% 10% 8.5% 5% 0% White Hispanic Black Source: U.S. Census Bureau; Insurance Information Institute.

17 Insurance Information Institute On-Line

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