1 The ABC s of the 403b plan Presented by: Phyllis L. Simmons Financial Advisor Waddell & Reed, Inc
2 The information contained in this presentation is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as investment or financial advice related to your specific situation. Securities and Investment Advisory Services are offered through Waddell & Reed, Inc. a Broker/Dealer, Member FINRA and SIPC and Federally Registered Investment Advisor Waddell & Reed does not provide legal or tax advice. Please consult your attorney and accountant regarding your individual situation. Insurance products are offered through insurance companies with which Waddell & Reed has sales arrangements Investments are subject to investment risk including the possible loss of principal. The investment return and principal value of the security will fluctuate so that when redeemed, may be worth more or less than the original investment. Much of this information was obtained from the state of Iowa publications. If you have any questions regarding the content or you want more detailed information please contact the Retirement Investors Club (RIC) or
3 Today s agenda What is a 403b RIC benefits 403b plan provisions
4 A 403b Plan is an employer-sponsored voluntary retirement savings program designed to provide: Income at retirement Tax advantages Pretax contributions Tax-deferred earnings Tax credit (must qualify) Savings through salary reduction Low cost, competitive investment options
5 July of 2007 the IRS issued the final 403b plan regulations that required employers to take an active role in the administration and selection of investments in 403b plans.
6 Your employer chose the Retirement Investors Club (RIC) as the plan sponsor to provide administration and investment options in compliance with the IRS regulations.
7 The Retirement Investor s Club (RIC) Is part of the Iowa Department of Administrative Services (DAS) Has qualified staff with several years of large retirement plan management experience & knowledge of federal/state tax laws, retirement plan administration & education.
8 The RIC 403b plan program is administered for the exclusive benefit of you and your beneficiaries and is designed to provide: An easy way to save for retirement Diversified, competitive investment options Account flexibility Program education
9 How does RIC work?
10 Your employer determines which flexible plan options to include in your plan such as: Loan provisions Frequency of payroll deduction changes Ability to accept roll-ins from outside plans Roth 403(b) plan Employer contributions
11 Your salary reductions in the amount you choose are taken from your paycheck before state and federal taxes. Pretax deductions from your paycheck are deposited into your choice of 403(b) current provider investments.
12 You may defer wages up to the IRS maximum limits (declared annually) Regular 100% of compensation up to: 16,500
13 You may defer wages up to the IRS maximum limits (declared annually) Regular 100% of compensation up to: Age 50+ The regular limit + $5,500 16,500 $ 22,000
14 You may defer wages up to the IRS maximum limits (declared annually) Regular 100% of compensation up to: Age 50+ The regular limit + $5, Year Catch up Applies if you have worked for you employer for 15+ years & meet other eligibility criteria. 16,500 $ 22,000 $ 19,500
15 You may defer wages up to the IRS maximum limits (declared annually) Regular 100% of compensation up to: Age 50+ The regular limit + $5, Year Catch up Applies if you have worked for you employer for 15+ years & meet other eligibility criteria. Maximum Total Limit Available if you are eligible for both the 50+ AND 15 Year Catch Up limits 16,500 $ 22,000 $ 19,500 $ 25,500
16 If your employer makes contributions, they are deposited into your selection of RIC investments.
17 Roll* your previous employer sponsored plan or qualified IRA into your RIC 403b *A rollover is to a non-taxable transfer of assets from one retirement plan to another
18 Distributions are allowed if a distributable event has occurred. Such as: age 59 ½, termination from employment Nonqualified distributions may be subject to ordinary income taxes a 10% federal tax penalty prior to age 59 ½. Please refer to the Special Tax Notice Regarding Plan Payments for more detailed information.
19 Why participate?
20 403b plans help you manage your retirement goals so that a lack of retirement income doesn t dictate when you will retire and how you ll spend your time!
21 Social Security Retirement Income
22 Retirement Income Social Security IPERS
23 Retirement Income Social Security Personal savings, 403(b), IRAs, CDs, mutual funds IPERS
24 Pretax contributions The amount you contribute to 403(b) is not reported to the IRS as taxable income
25 Pretax contributions The amount you contribute to 403(b) is not reported to the IRS as taxable income. Tax deferred earnings Investment earnings are tax-deferred (increasing compounding power)
26 Pretax contributions The amount you contribute to 403(b) is not reported to the IRS as taxable income. Tax deferred earnings Investment earnings are tax-deferred (increasing compounding power) Savers tax credit (if eligible) A retirement savings contribution credit of up to $2,000 is available to qualified participants
27 Pretax contributions The amount you deduct from your paycheck is not reported to the IRS as taxable income Example: Annual wages $38,000* 403(b) contributions $3,000 IRS taxable income of: $35,000 *IPERS & Social Security use 38,000 when calculating your benefits
28 Pretax vs. after tax savings- the 403(b) pretax save pays $80 to invest $100 After tax savings Gross Income $1,730 RIC contribution (pretax) 0 Taxable income $ 1,730 Federal tax* -137 State income tax* -71 FICA -132 Income after taxes $ 1,390 After tax savings contribution -100 Take home pay $1,290
29 Pretax vs. after tax savings- the 403(b) pretax save pays $80 to invest $100 After tax savings Pretax savings Gross Income $1,730 $1,730 RIC contribution (pretax) Taxable income $ 1,730 $1,630 Federal tax* State income tax* FICA Income after taxes $ 1,390 $1,310 After tax savings contribution Take home pay $1,290 $1,310
30 Saver s Credit You may be eligible for a retirement savings contribution credit of up to a $2,000 credit against federal taxes owed Your adjusted gross income determines your eligibility & credit amount and must not exceed: $55,500 for joint filers $27,751 for single filers
31 Spread your investment dollars among a mix of investments to help you manage your investment risk so you can meet your retirement goals. Using diversification as part of your investment strategy does not guarantee a profit or against a loss in declining markets = 4%
32 Aside from the misuse of social security assets, funding has decreased significantly workers paid into the system for every 1 retiree taking benefits workers paid into the system for every 1 retiree taking benefits 2030 Projects 2 workers will pay into the system for every 1 retiree taking benefits
33 Total cost of insurance for state of Iowa retirees has significantly increased 1993 Single $ Family $ Rates quoted are for retirees under age 65 with Program 3 Plus from Wellmark
34 Total cost of insurance for state of Iowa retirees has significantly increased Single $ $ Family $ $1, Rates quoted are for retirees under age 65 with Program 3 Plus from Wellmark
35 Loss of purchasing power due to the rise in the cost of living Cost of Cost of a Average cost of phone call Stamp a car 1973 $.10 $.08 $ 3, $.50 $.44 $ 27,000
36 RIC conducts investment provider competitive bids at least every 6 years and performs annual investment reviews July 2009-RIC completed a bid for RIC requires minimum standards for active provider -Diversified, competitive fund line-up -Restriction-free and penalty-free investments -Flexible distribution options -24/7 internet & phone access -Investment planning tools -Low costs
37 Active RIC provider An investment provider contracted by DAS to offer investments, open new accounts and receive salary reductions Inactive RIC provider An investment provider no longer able to receive contributions but able to keep previously contributed assets invested - If you have money invested with an inactive provider, you may request an exchange to an active RIC provider at anytime. - Some inactive providers may have surrender penalties or restrictions on exchanges
38 Establishing your investment style will help you decide on one or any combination of investments to meet your savings goals. Aggressive Moderately Aggressive Moderate Moderately Conservative Conservative Goal Max growth High growth Steady growth Safety & growth Safety Risk tolerance Substantial Substantial Substantial Limited None Possible timeframe Short-term loss 20+ years years years Less than 10 years Less than 5 years No problem No problem Not sure Don t like it Absolutely not! This chart is for illustrative purposes only and is not investment advice. Please consult with your financial advisor prior to making financial decisions. Generally, the greater an investment's possible reward over time, the greater its level of price volatility, or risk.
39 What changes are allowed?
40 Your 403b plan is very flexible You may change Salary reduction amounts Fund elections for existing assets Direction of future contributions Your beneficiary Various distribution options at termination from employment Etc.
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