Fraternal Order of Law Enforcement NEWS MAGAZINE - Where there is an absence of light, darkness prevails - Be the light

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1 Fraternal Order of Law Enforcement NEWS MAGAZINE - Where there is an absence of light, darkness prevails - Be the light JANUARY 2015 VOLUME 7 ISSUE 1 Gunmen Killed In Paris Terror Attacks With explosions and gunfire, security forces on Friday ended a three-day terror spree around Paris, killing the two al-qaida -linked brothers who staged a murderous rampage at a satirical newspaper and an associate who seized a kosher supermarket to try to help them escape. The worst terrorist attacks France has seen in decades left at least 20 people dead, including the three gunmen. The fate of a fourth suspect a female accomplice of the market attacker remained unclear. At least seven people were killed Friday the three terrorists and at least four hostages a policewoman was killed Thursday and 12 people were massacred in the Paris newspaper attack Wednesday. Sixteen hostages were freed Friday, one from the printing plant where the two brothers were holed up and 15 others from the Paris grocery store. Paris shut down a famed Jewish neighborhood amid fears that a wider terror cell might launch further attacks. French President Francois Hollande urged his nation to remain united and alert. Calling the grocery attack "a terrifying anti-semitic act," he said the terrorists were "fanatics who have nothing to do with the Islamic religion." "The threats facing France are not finished," he said. "We must be vigilant." The four attackers had ties to each other and to terrorism that reached back years and extended from Paris to al- Qaida in Yemen. They epitomized Western authorities' greatest fear: Islamic radicals who trained abroad and came home to stage attacks. Said and Cherif Kouachi, the brothers who attacked the Charlie Hebdo satirical weekly, came out with guns blazing Friday evening after an all-day hostage siege at a printing plant northeast of Paris, a French police official said. They were killed and their hostage was freed, authorities said. An accomplice, Amedi Coulibaly, took hostages Friday afternoon at a kosher grocery in the Porte de Vincennes neighbourhood in Paris then died in a nearly simultaneous raid there, said Gael Fabiano of the UNSA police union. Coulibaly had threatened to kill his hostages if French authorities launched an assault on the two brothers, a police official said. A French television news network spoke directly with two of the terrorists Friday before they died. BFM television said it spoke with Cherif Kouachi as he and his brother were cornered near Charles de Gaulle airport and he told the station they were financed and dispatched by al-qaida in Yemen. The station also said it spoke with Coulibaly, who said the three men were coordinating and that he was with the militant Islamic State group. (Continued next page ) Special points of interest: Diamonds Shaq Salamander Hamburger Most Police Products Inside this issue: - RCMP Officer Dies s At Cops Funeral 5 - Officers/Inmates Killed 10-2 Cops Shot In Bronx 13 - Brian Willis 17 - Police Hero 18 - Kids Tear Gassed Mafia Arrests 21 - Police 2011 Police Chief Shot Vehicles 4 Times 23 - Breath Pot Test 25 - Featured Gang Profile 26 - Most 27 - FOLE Staff 29

2 Page 2 Gunmen Killed In Paris Terror Attacks - Continued The organizations are normally rivals. France has been on high alert since the Charlie Hebdo massacre left 12 people dead. The next day, a gunman shot a policewoman to death in a gunfight just south of Paris. Police later identified the gunman as Coulibaly, who had been a co-suspect with Cherif Kouachi in a court case involving terrorism that never made it to trial. The Kouachi brothers led police on a chase around northeast France, robbing a gas station Thursday and stealing a car Friday morning before seizing hostages at a printing plant in Dammartin-en-Goele, a small industrial town near Charles de Gaulle airport. Friday afternoon, explosions and gunshots rang out and white smoke rose outside as a police SWAT team clambered onto the roof. Audrey Taupenas, spokeswoman for the town near the Charles de Gaulle airport, said the brothers had died in the clash. "They said they want to die as martyrs," Yves Albarello, a local lawmaker inside the command post, told French television station i-tele. Trying to fend off further attacks, the Paris mayor's office shut down all shops along Rosiers Street in the city's famed Marais neighbourhood in the heart of the tourist district. Hours before the Jewish Sabbath, the street is usually crowded with shoppers French Jews and tourists alike. The street is also only a kilometer (half a mile) from Charlie Hebdo's offices. At the kosher grocery near the Porte de Vincennes neighborhood in Paris, the gunman burst in shooting just a few hours before the Jewish Sabbath began, declaring "You know who I am," the official recounted. The attack came before sundown when the store would have been crowded with shoppers. Paris police released a photo of Coulibaly and his wife, Hayet Boumddiene, who the official said was his accomplice. Several people wounded when the gunman opened fire in the grocery store were able to flee and get medical care. One hundred students were locked down in nearby schools and the highway ringing Paris was closed. Cherif Kouachi, 32, was convicted of terrorism charges in 2008 for ties to a network sending jihadis to fight U.S. forces in Iraq. A Yemeni security official said his 34-year-old brother, Said Kouachi, is suspected of having fought for al-qaida in Yemen. Another senior security official said Said was in Yemen until Both officials spoke to The Associated Press on condition of anonymity because of an ongoing investigation into Kouachi's stay in Yemen. Both brothers were also on the U.S. no-fly list, a senior U.S. counterterrorism official said, speaking on condition of anonymity because the official was not authorized to discuss foreign intelligence publicly. The satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo had long drawn threats for its depictions of Islam, although it also satirized other religions and political figures. The weekly paper had caricatured the Prophet Muhammad, and a sketch of Islamic State's leader was the last tweet sent out by the irreverent newspaper, minutes before the attack. Eight journalists, two police officers, a maintenance worker and a visitor were killed in the newspaper attack, including the paper's editor. Charlie Hebdo plans a special edition next week, produced in the offices of another paper. Authorities around Europe have warned of the threat posed by the return of Western jihadis trained in warfare. France counts at least 1,200 citizens in the war zone in Syria headed there, returned or dead. Both the Islamic State group and al-qaida have threatened France, home to Western Europe's largest Muslim population. Man Shouting "God Is Great" Tries To Strangle French Police Officer A man has tried to strangle a police officer while shouting "Allahu Akbar" (God is great), the latest in a spate of attacks in France that have heightened fears of terrorism. The latest assault took place in the eastern city of Metz on Friday when a man arrested for bag-snatching asked the officer to bring him a glass of water. When the policeman opened his cell door, the 23- year-old lunged at him and tried to throttle him while shouting "Allahu Akbar". Other police officers saw the events on the video surveillance system and rushed to save their colleague, who had been thrown to the ground. His assailant was said to have a history of psychiatric problems. The doctor who treated him (the officer) said that just a few seconds more and it would have been too late, Michael Philippart of the SGP FO police union told L Est Républicain, a newspaper. Manuel Valls, the prime minister, ordered the deployment of up to 300 extra military forces around the country just before Christmas after three similar attacks in three days left one dead and scores injured. While officials insisted the incidents were unrelated, they raised fears of "lone wolf" attacks by Islamist terrorists. The government has faced criticism for supposedly playing down the threat, at a time when at least 1,000 French nationals are thought be involved in jihad in Syria and Iraq.

3 FRATERNAL ORDER OF LAW ENFORCEMENT Page 3 Two RCMP Officers Shot - One Dies RCMP say an officer who died Wednesday was being proactive in a stolen truck investigation when he and another officer were shot inside a casino. Const. David Matthew Wynn should be remembered as a great police officer and citizen, RCMP Assistant Commissioner Marlin Degrand told reporters after it was announced that the 42-year-old had died in hospital. Degrand said Wynn was taking the initiative during the slow early morning hours last Saturday, checking out vehicle license plates in the parking lot of the Apex Casino in St. Albert, a bedroom community north of Edmonton.A search revealed a plate didn't match the heavy -duty pickup truck it was on, but Wynn "didn't leave it at that," said Degrand. Unable to see the vehicle identification number on the dashboard of the tall truck, Wynn "actually went into the casino, retrieved a chair and went back outside." He climbed on the chair to record the number, then discovered the truck was stolen. Degrand said two other officers had joined Wynn outside to help Const. Derek Bond, an auxiliary officer, then went inside the casino with Wynn to review security video footage. The pair found a suspect on the video and, as they were walking through the casino, spotted the man and went to speak with him. It was "a random crossing of paths," said Degrand. "They have very brief words. The suspect then immediately bolted on them." Wynn and Bond chased down the man, unaware he was armed, said Degrand. "This individual, as he's running away, reached into his beltline and produced a (hidden) handgun, which would not in any way have been visible to our officers as they were behind him." The suspect immediately turned and fired, Degrand said. The first shot struck Bond in the right arm and torso. Wynn then had a very brief moment of contact with the suspect, but a second bullet struck him in the head. The suspect then ran off. Wynn wasn't able to return fire. Shawn Rehn, a career criminal wanted on warrants, was found dead in an apparent suicide later in the day at an acreage home not far from the casino. Bond was released from hospital later that day, but Wynn never regained consciousness. He is survived by his wife, Shelly, and three sons Matthew, Nathan and Alexander. Wynn served as a paramedic in Bridgewater, N.S., before he became a Mountie in 2009 and was posted to St. Albert. Besides his regular duties, he had been a resource officer at Keenooshayo Elementary School for five years. His main duty was to provide drug education for Grade 6 students, but he was frequently in the school speaking with students and parents, and appeared annually in red serge for the Remembrance Day assembly. Deputy RCMP Commissioner Marianne Ryan issued a statement saying the force has lost a dedicated member in the line of duty. "His wife lost a husband, and his sons lost a father. Words cannot express the deep sadness we feel today," Ryan said. Mounties say there will be a regimental funeral for Wynn in St. Albert on Monday. Prime Minister Stephen Harper expressed condolences on behalf of all Canadians. "This was a brazen and cowardly assault on our brave law enforcement officers," Harper said in a statement. "It is a grim reminder of how law officers in communities across the country put their lives on the line every day to protect Canadians from harm. "We mourn with all RCMP members today." 1 Police Officer Dead And Another Injured In Bomb Blast Turkish authorities say a female suicide bomber blew herself up in Istanbul Tuesday, killing one police officer injuring another. Istanbul governor Vasip Sahin said the woman entered a police station and reported a missing wallet before detonating a bomb. The attack occurred in the Sultan Ahmet district, a popular tourist destination. It is the second attack on police in a week in Istanbul. On Thursday, police subdued a man after he threw grenades and fired a weapon at officers near the offices of the prime minister. The leftist Revolutionary People's Liberation Party- Front, or DHKP-C, said it carried out the Thursday attack. Sahin said that police are still trying to identify the woman who died in Tuesday's attack. "She spoke in English, entered (the police station) on the pretext that she had lost her wallet," he said. Turkish police have detained six people, including three foreigners, over last week's suicide bombing in the heart of Istanbul's tourist district, according to local media reports.

4 Page 4 Probe Finds NYC Jail Guards Hired Despite Arrests, Gang Ties One applicant to be a New York City correction officer had been fired from his last job as a security guard for stealing. Another admitted he had regularly socialized with gang members. Another had debts of more than $400,000. Yet all those candidates and dozens like them were hired last year to be part of the force overseeing nearly 11,000 inmates on Rikers Island, according to a yearlong city probe of jail hiring practices released Thursday. The probe found systemic problems with the Department of Correction hiring system, including no recruiting strategy for the past six years that allowed an alarmingly high number of hires who had arrest records, gang ties or other red flags that are markers for corruption. Department of Investigation Commissioner Mark Peters said the chronic problems of violence, smuggling and bribery that plague the city jails can all be traced to the character and qualifications of the employees. "Unless you have consistently qualified correction officers, solving the other problems we care about is an almost insurmountable task," Peters said. "This is just a function of, for a decade, hiring s and screenings and investigations being ignored." City investigators randomly pulled 153 application files of guards hired last year and found that 54 or 35 percent "presented significant red flags that should have either precluded their hiring outright or required further follow-up." The probe found 79 hired officers admitted having friends or family members who were inmates including one with nine relatives who had done time in Rikers. Ten new hires had been arrested more than once, and another 12 had been rejected by the significantly higher standards of the New York Police Department, including six for psychological reasons and one who failed a drug test. In all, this group appeared "simply unfit for law enforcement whether working on the streets of New York City as police officers or in its jails," according to the report. Jails Commissioner Joseph Ponte, who has pledged to reform the troubled correction department, said in a statement he was committed to "improving staff recruitment, training and retention" and would implement many of the investigators' recommendations. Those included automatically disqualifying applicants who had been fired from a public agency or had any felony convictions in the past five years. Since the investigation, three of the problem hires have been fired for misconduct, including one who had an "unduly familiar" relationship with an inmate later arrested in a murder-for-hire plot. Two of the hires resigned. Corrections officials wouldn't say what they will do with the rest. Among other findings, there was no evidence applicants had been screened for gang affiliation, even though the jails' own intelligence officers rank it as the top threat to safety. It wasn't until after probe began that the jails began taking photos of applicants' tattoos to check for possible gang ties. Investigators deemed application investigators undertrained and found they failed to make meaningful background checks or run credit reports. They were also reliant on an applicant evaluation scale of 1 to 5 despite no clear understanding of whether a '1' or a '5' was the best score. Thus, the report found, 90 percent of applicants received a meaningless '3' on the scale. In order to become a correction officer, eligible candidates who take a civil service exam are vetted by jail application investigators, who conduct background checks, psychological screenings and other evaluations. A jail official then recommends an applicant be accepted or rejected, but the deputy commissioner in charge of hiring can override that decision. Investigators found seven instances when the deputy commissioner in charge of hiring reversed decisions to reject unqualified candidates. In one case, a reject who scored poorly on the psychological exam was hired after her file noted she was a family friend of Norman Seabrook, the powerful president of the union representing 9,000 city correction officers. Seabrook didn't return a message seeking comment. Rikers has come under increased scrutiny in the past year by the media and investigators, including federal prosecutors who have sued the city to institute reforms to what it has called a "deep-seated culture of violence." Dallas Police Officer Charged With Sexual Assault Committed Suicide A Dallas police officer charged with sexual assault after being accused of abusing prostitutes has died of a suicide. Sr. Cpl. David Kattner was found dead Friday morning in Little Elm, about 20 miles north of Dallas. A Little Elm police statement said initial investigations show the 47- year-old officer apparently died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound. A Dallas police statement expressed condolences to the family. Kattner was arrested Dec. 21 and faced allegations that he contacted female prostitutes and compelled them to per- form sexual acts with him. Authorities said Kattner, who'd been with the Dallas force for 26 years, was off-duty and working an extra job during the alleged sexual abuse. He was placed on administrative leave following his arrest.

5 VOLUME 7 ISSUE 1 Page 5 Thousands At Cop's Funeral Thousands of police officers are paying their respect to a New York Police Department officer shot to death along with his partner as mourners converge from around the country Sunday for a second funeral that stands to test tensions between the city's mayor and police. Buddhist monks will lead a Chinese ceremony for Officer Wenjian Liu, followed by a traditional police ceremony with eulogies led by a chaplain. Liu, 32, had served as a policeman for seven years and was married just two months when he was killed with his partner, officer Rafael Ramos, on Dec. 20. Officer Lucas Grant of the Richmond County Sheriff's Office in Augusta, Georgia, said he came to Liu's funeral with about six other officers from neighboring departments "to support our family." "When one of us loses our lives, we have to come together," Grant said. As Liu's family arrived for his funeral, Police Commissioner William Bratton tweeted: "We will never forget his sacrifice." A day earlier, mourners lined up for blocks on a cold, rainy day for Liu's wake. "This is a really tragic story," Gov. Andrew Cuomo told reporters following the wake, held just two days after the death of his own father, former Gov. Mario Cuomo. "This is really pointless. It had nothing to do with them," he said of Liu and Ramos. "They did nothing wrong.... It was pure and random hatred." The shooter, Ismaaiyl Brinsley, killed himself shortly after the brazen daytime ambush on a Brooklyn street. Investigators say Brinsley was an emotionally disturbed loner who had made references online to the killings this summer of 2 Police Officers Shot, 1 Person Dead unarmed black men at the hands of white police officers, vowing to put "wings on pigs." The deaths strained an already tense relationship between city police unions and Mayor Bill de Blasio, who union leaders have said contributed to an environment that allowed the killings by supporting protests following the deaths of Eric Garner on Staten Island and Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri. The head of the rank-and-file police union, which is negotiating a contract with the city, turned his back on the mayor at a hospital the day of the killings. The act was imitated by hundreds of officers standing last week outside Ramos' funeral who turned their backs toward a giant TV screen as de Blasio's remarks were being broadcast. Many people, including Cardinal Timothy Dolan, have since pressed all parties to tone down the rhetoric. And this weekend, police commissioner William Bratton sent a memo to all commands urging respect, declaring "a hero's funeral is about grieving, not grievance." On Saturday, officers standing outside the Brooklyn funeral home where Liu was displayed, dressed in full uniform in an open casket, saluted as the mayor and commissioner entered. But some ill will was visible again Sunday, ahead Two police officers were struck by gunfire and a suspect was shot and killed at New Hope City Hall Monday night. Authorities say the shooting happened as a city council meeting was wrapping up in the Minneapolis suburb. They say two new officers had just been sworn in when they left the council chambers around 7:15 p.m. CT. That's when they were confronted by a man with a gun who started firing at of de Blasio's scheduled remarks at Liu's funeral. Retired NYPD officer John Mangan stood across the street from the funeral home with a sign that read: "God Bless the NYPD. Dump de Blasio." And Patrick Yoes, a national secretary with the 328,000-member Fraternal Order of Police, said he applauded New York police union leader Patrick Lynch's stance toward the mayor, including Lynch's declaration that de Blasio had "blood on his hands" after the shootings. "Across this country, we seem to be under attack in the law enforcement profession, and the message to take away from this is: We are public servants. We are not public enemies," Yoes said. But George Breedy, a lieutenant with the St. Charles Parish Sheriff's Department in Louisiana, said he had no plans to protest de Blasio, calling the rift between officers and the mayor a "local issue." "We're here to pay respect to the officers," Breedy said. Liu's funeral arrangements were delayed so relatives from China could travel to New York. He is to be buried at Cypress Hills Cemetery. On Saturday, a small vigil was established in Chinatown and community members gathered, burning pieces of paper in honor of Liu in keeping with Chinese tradition. them. Other officers returned fire and killed the suspect, who has not been identified. Chief Deputy Mike Carlson with the Hennepin County Sheriff's Department says the two officers are in good condition and are expected to survive. Their names have not been released. Authorities escorted several dozen people from City Hall to the fire station after the shooting. Police say they are not looking

6 Page 6 10 Most Famous Depression Era Bank Robbers The Great Depression began with the Wall Street crash in 1929, and lasted well into the following decades. At this time, unemployment in the USA had risen to 25% and many more people were resorting to crime. Historians have labelled the 1930s as the Public Enemy era; a time when a small minority of criminals stood out as being particularly notorious and were hunted determinedly by the police and FBI. These criminals weren t like the bank robbers of today; handing a note to a teller and escaping with $100, only to be caught the next day. These ruthless thieves would burst in and ransack the bank, usually forcing a manager to open the vault. They would commonly participate in gun battles with police, in which innocent bystanders were often killed. I have tried to rank in order of reputation and skill. Part 2 of 10 Volney Davis Born in Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma, Volney Davis's criminal career began in 1919 when he was sentenced to three years imprisonment for grand larceny at the Oklahoma State Penitentiary.[2]Davis was an early member of the Oklahoma-based "Central Park Gang" during the 1920s, where he first met the Barker Gang, and committed his first major robbery with Arthur "Doc" Barker when they burglarized St. John's Hospital in Tulsa. The night watchman, Thomas J. Sherrill, was killed during the robbery. Barker was arrested about 5 months later for the murder; however Davis evaded authorities for nearly a year before he was captured. He was sentenced to life imprisonment for his role in the robbery.[3] In February 1923 (or January 1925), he briefly escaped from the state penitentiary in McAlester, participating in a mass escape with several other convicts by using ropes and a ladder to climb over the wall, but was recaptured almost two weeks later.[1][4] Seven years later Davis applied for a 20- month "leave of absence" from the prison which was granted on November 3, 1932.[4] Such leniency was common in Oklahoma during that time, even with such a criminal record as his, although Alvin Karpis later claimed that the state's decision was influenced by a $1,500 bribe. He was scheduled to return to the prison on July 1, 1934, but Davis went on the run instead. A month after his release, he reunited with girlfriend Edna Murraywho herself had escaped from prison for a third time. The couple joined the Alvin Karpis-Barker Gang who were then at the peak of their success and in the midst of a major crime spree. Davis and Murray were later implicated in the kidnapping of St. Paul banker Edward Bremer[4][5][6] who was successfully ransomed for $200,000.[1] Davis received an unscheduled visit from John Dillinger and Homer Van Meter at his home inaurora, Illinois. They had brought John "Red" Hamilton, who had been mortally wounded days earlier in a running gunfight in Minnesota hours after their escape from Little Bohemia Lodge. Davis agreed to hide Hamilton in his home and, with Murray, looked after him until he died of his wounds a few days later.[7] Dillinger, Dock Barker, Van Meter, and Davis later buried Hamilton in an unmarked grave.[1] Davis and Murray were never charged with the holdups he committed while part of the Karpis-Barker Gang, however they were indicted for the Bremer kidnapping on January 22, A little over two weeks later, Davis was captured in St. Louis by federal agents on February 6 but escaped from federal custody the next day. He had been traveling under escort to stand trial in St. Paul when their plane was forced to land inyorkville, Illinois. Once on the ground, Davis knocked out a guard and stole a car. He evaded capture for nearly four months before being traced to Chicago by the FBI and arrested by Agent Melvin Purvis on June 1. He was eventually returned to St. Paul where he was convicted of kidnapping and sentenced to life imprisonment. Like the rest of the Karpis-Barker Gang, Davis was sent to Alcatraz where he spent the next several decades. He did not participate in the escape attempt organized by Arthur Barker in There are claims that he became involved in a violent fistfight with Karpis which he won. By the time of his release in the late 1950s, however, he was in poor health.[1] Davis married Daisy Irene Graham on May 21, 1960 in Contra Costa County, California, and resided in Guerneville, California. He died on July 20, 1979 in Sonoma County, California.

7 FRATERNAL ORDER OF LAW ENFORCEMENT Page 7 Today, I Stopped Caring About My Fellow Man By Lt Daniel Furseth Today, I stopped caring about my fellow man. I stopped caring about my community, my neighbors, and those I serve. I stopped caring today because a once noble profession has become despised, hated, distrusted, and mostly unwanted. I stopped caring today because parents refuse to teach their kids right from wrong and blame us when they are caught breaking the law. I stopped caring today because parents tell their little kids to be good or the police will take you away embedding a fear from year one. Moms hate us in their schools because we frighten them and remind them of the evil that lurks in the world. They would rather we stay unseen, but close by if needed, but readily available to fix their kid. I stopped caring today because we work to keep our streets safe from mayhem in the form of reckless, drunk, high, or speeding drivers, only to be hated for it, yet hated even more because we didn t catch the drunk before he killed someone they may know. Nevertheless, we are just another tool used by government to generate revenue. I stopped caring today because Liberals hate the police as we carry guns, scare kids, and take away their drugs. We always kill innocent people with unjust violence. We are called bullies for using a Taser during a fight, but are condemned further for not first tasing the guy who pulls a gun on us. And if we do have to shoot, we are asked why didn t you just shoot the gun out of their hand? And when one of us is killed by the countless attacks that do happen (but are rarely reported in the mainstream media) the haters say, It s just part of the job. I stopped caring today because Conservatives hate us as we are the Government. We try to take away their guns, freedoms, and liberty at every turn. We represent a Police State where jackbooted badge-wearing thugs randomly attack innocent people without cause or concern for constitutional rights. We are Waco, Ruby Ridge, and Rodney King all rolled into one lone police officer stopping to help change an old lady s tire. I stopped caring today as no one wants us around, but instantly demands answers, results, arrests, when a crime takes place. If a crime isn t solved within the allocated 60 minutes it takes CSI on television, we are inept, incompetent, or covering something up. If we do get lucky it was just that and everyone with a Facebook account can post wonderful comments of how they would solve the case and how we are not nearly as clever. I stopped caring today because a video of a cop six states away, from a department that you never heard of, screws up and forgets his oath of honor, thus firing up an internet lynch-mob of cop haters even though 99% of us work twice as hard not to end up in the news and to still be the good guys. We are militarized because we wear body armor and kevlar helmets when shots are fired or rocks thrown at us and carry scary looking rifles even though everyone knows that they are easier to shoot and are more accurate than a handgun or a shotgun. I stopped caring today because the culture of today s instantly connected youth is only there to take and never give back. To never accept responsibility for ones actions, but to blame everyone else instead of themselves. To ask what is in it for me? versus what can I do for you? To idolize gangsters, thugs, sexually promiscuous behavior, and criminals over hard work, dedication, and achievement. To argue that getting stoned should be a right, yet getting a job or an education is a hassle. To steal versus earn. To hate versus help. Yes, I stopped caring today. But tomorrow, I will put my uniform back on and I will care again. Two Policemen And A Guard Working For A US-Owned Mine Killed Two policemen and a security guard working for a USowned mine in Indonesia's Papua province have been found dead, a media report says. The three were found with machete and gunshot wounds near a patrol car on Thursday, the Viva.co.id news website reported. They had been working at a complex run by PT Freeport Indonesia, a subsidiary of US -based gold and copper mining company Freeport- McMoRan Inc. "We suspect they were killed while conducting a routine patrol around Freeport," Papua police spokesman Patric Renwarin was quoted as saying. The Freeport mining complex in Mimika district has seen previous deadly attacks. Authorities have blamed rebels of the Free Papua Movement, which has fought for an independent state in the western half of New Guinea island since the 1960s.

8 Page 8 Armed Man Walks Into Police Station Claiming To Be Testing Security Baltimore police officials are taking precautions to protect its officers after an armed man claiming to be testing security walked into a Baltimore police station Tuesday morning. Jason Armstrong, 29, said he was sent by the Black Guerrilla Family gang to test the security of the police station, Commissioner Anthony Batts said Tuesday afternoon. Police arrested Armstrong who was carrying a loaded.22 caliber pistol with a live round in the chamber, according to a release. An organized gang in the city of Baltimore sent an armed suspect into our building to see our security, to test our security, Batts said. "We're not going to cower. We're not going to bow down. We're not going to shy away from tough situations. We will be a constitutional police department. Batts said the station was already operating under a raised level of concern after policeinvolved shootings in other cities. Batts said the department began taking precautions to protect its officers. Officials also issued a warning to federal law enforcement agencies including the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Drug Enforcement Administration. Our officers will not stop patrolling these streets. We will not stop keeping this city safe," Batts said. Armstrong walked into the Northeast District police station at about 8:45 a.m. Tuesday. Officers said the man smelled of marijuana, which raised suspicions. Officers arrested the man and found a loaded gun, marijuana and cocaine. The man told police that he was there on orders from the Black Guerrilla Family a Baltimore gang that operated an intricate drugdealing operation out of the Baltimore Detention Center. To date, more than 40 indictments have been filed against prison staff and gang members. Baltimore police added: The Black Guerilla Family is a notorious gang with ties to violence and drug trafficking in the Baltimore area. They were the subject of an FBI warning that was sent to law enforcement agencies in December, warning of potential attacks against police officers. "He did not go in there on his free will, Deputy Police Commissioner Jerry Rodriguez said. He had very little option according to his statement." Armstrong was charged with weapons and drug violations, police said. A full report is expected Wednesday morning. Police Detain 4 Alleged Terrorists Widening a European counterterrorism dragnet, Greek authorities on Saturday detained four terrorism suspects including a man believed to be the ringleader of a Belgian jihadi cell. A Greek police official said the four were arrested separately in Athens and included a man who matches the description of Abdelhamid Abaaoud who Belgian authorities suspect was behind a jihadi cell that was dismantled in Belgium on Thursday. Authorities in Belgium were going over photos, fingerprints and DNA material sent from Greek police to try to verify whether the person was Abaaoud, said Greek and Belgian officials, speaking only on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of an ongoing investigation. Greek officials initially thought Abaaoud was in Turkey, but the detained man's name, as well as the cellphone found on him matches descriptions that Greek police received from Belgium, the Greek official said. The announcement came amid a groundswell of popular antagonism across Europe against radical Islam, stepped-up police efforts to prevent terrorism, and protests against caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad across the Muslim world that have underscored vast cultural differences. Belgium has raised its terror warning to 3, the second-highest, following antiterror raids there on Thursday which left two suspects dead and a third wounded amid fears they had been planning imminent attacks on police and their offices. The country deployed 150 paratroopers Saturday to guard possible terrorism targets, including some buildings in Antwerp's Jewish quarter. It was the first time in 30 years that authorities used troops to reinforce police, and they said the number of troops could double until a review of situation next week. Meanwhile in France, authorities sought to head off possible civil unrest and glorification of terrorism after the country's worst attacks in decades assenting to quietly bury the two brothers involved in the attack against the Charlie Hebdo newspaper and banning an anti-islamist demonstration in Paris. Authorities have said there is no apparent link between the foiled plots in Belgium and last week's terror attacks against the newspaper and a kosher grocery in Paris, in which brothers Said and Cherif Kouachi and their friend Amedy Coulibaly killed 17 peo-

9 VOLUME 7 ISSUE 1 Page 9 RCMP Have Right To Bargaining The Supreme Court of Canada gave rank-and-file RCMP members a major morale boost Friday when it affirmed their right to engage in meaningful collective bargaining. The high court did not explicitly state that the Mounties have the right to form a union, but the justices effectively cleared a path to that possibility. The landmark 6-1 ruling gives the federal government a year to create a new labor relations scheme, setting the stage for talks among RCMP members, Commissioner Bob Paulson and the Harper government. The Supreme Court overturned a previous ruling of its own from the 1990s which upheld an exclusion that barred the Mounties from forming unions like federal public servants, who gained the right to collective bargaining in the late 1960s. The high court says that overturning its precedent "is not a step to be lightly taken," but in this case it was justified because case law has evolved since it ruled in 1999, when it was dealing with a narrower issue. Friday's decision was written by Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin and Justice Louis LeBel and will ultimately affect officers across the country. The case is a major win for RCMP members, some of whom were seen hugging in the foyer of the Supreme Court building after the ruling was released. "Today is an awesome day for all members in the RCMP," said Ray Banwarie, president of the Mounted Police Professional Association of Canada. "It is also a great day for Canada it's a great day for democracy in this country." Banwarie said RCMP members want to work together with management to address a "myriad" of issues facing the force, including resources, pay, benefits and equipment and grievances that have not been addressed for over a decade. One major issue is a class-action lawsuit against the force, alleging years of harassment and discrimination, in which some 300 serving and retired female RCMP officers and civilian employees are taking part. The suit has yet to be certified by a court. Such points of conflict could be more easily resolved if the interests of RCMP members were properly represented, Banwarie said. In recent years, the national police force has been beset by internal complaints of harassment and bullying. A new law has streamlined the process, giving supervisors more power to deal with disputes promptly, but some critics fear that will lead to abuses. Laura Young, the lead lawyer for the appellants, said the ruling opens the door for the RCMP to unionize and removes a process that was "foisted" by management on RCMP members and silenced them. "We hope now to move ahead with a very positive process," she said. Banwarie said RCMP members want to form a "police association," not a union. Jason Tamming, a spokesman for Public Safety Minister Steven Blaney, whose department oversees the RCMP, would only say the government would study the ruling. Treasury Board President Tony Clement would be taking the lead for the government in any future talks, he added. The Supreme Court said excluding the Mounties from collective bargaining violates their charter right to freedom of association, but it does not dictate a specific labor relations regime that should be applied to the RCMP. The court says the Mounties have to be sufficiently independent to have some meaningful form of collective bargaining with management. Currently, RCMP officers have voluntary associations funded by members' dues that work with management to establish pay and benefits, but top brass maintains full control over the final result. The ruling comes in one of two cases that the court was asked to revisit. In the second case, the court dismissed an appeal by two RCMP officers who challenged a government decision to roll back three years of wage increases that were agreed to before the onset of 2008 global financial crisis. The court upheld the decision by former finance minister Jim Flaherty to bring in wage-restraint legislation that reduced RCMP pay raises from 2008 to But the main case, brought by the Mounted Police Association of Ontario and the British Columbia Mounted Police Professional Association on behalf of the entire national police force, opens the door for RCMP to unionize, and engage in collective bargaining. The court doesn't specify what sort of labor relations model should be put in place for the Mounties. "This court has consistently held that freedom of association does not guarantee a particular model of labor relations," the ruling said. "What is required is not a particular model, but a regime that does not substantially interfere with meaningful collective bargaining." The justices dismissed the argument by the federal government that preventing the RCMP from engaging in collective bargaining was warranted to prevent its members from engaging in a "an unlawful strike or other debilitating job action."

10 Page 10 Inmates & Officers Killed In Crash A prison bus skidded off an icy Texas highway, slid down an embankment and collided with a passing freight train Wednesday, killing eight inmates and two corrections officers, including the bus driver, authorities said. The overpass on Interstate 20 was slick with ice Wednesday morning when the Texas Department of Criminal Justice bus left the roadway in Penwell, just west of Odesa, according to Ector County Sheriff Mark Donaldson. The prisoners, who did not have seat belts, were handcuffed together in pairs, officials said. Some of them were ejected from the bus after it struck the train, said Trooper Elizabeth Barney of the Texas Department of Public Safety. An earlier accident on the I-20 overpass may have contributed to the prison bus losing control, Donaldson said. "It's as bad as you can imagine," Odesa Fire and Rescue Battalion Chief Kavin Tinney told the Odesa American newspaper. "In 32 years it's as bad as anything I've seen." The Texas Department of Criminal Justice confirmed the 10 deaths in a statement, adding that four prisoners and one corrections officer were also injured. Jason Clark, a Department of Criminal Justice spokesman, said the bus was new and had been placed in service only this past summer. It was taking the inmates from the Middleton prison in Abilene to the Sanchez prison in El Paso, which is about 250 miles west of where the accident happened. The prisoners did not have any leg restraints, said Jason Heaton, agency director for the region. Only the driver's seat had a seat belt, he said. Like many buses, the vehicle did not have seat belts on the bench-type seats where the prisoners were seated. After the accident around 7:30 a.m., the white bus came to rest on its side, next to the railroad tracks, crumpled with heavy damage to its front and undercarriage. The top of the bus was caved inward. The Union Pacific freight train with four locomotives and 58 cars came to a stop soon after. None of the cars derailed, but two containers at the rear of the train were damaged, said Mark Davis, a railroad spokesman. The containers were carrying hundreds of parcels and packages, many of which were strewn along the tracks. No Union Pacific employees were injured. A prison system statement identified the dead as correctional officers Christopher Davis, 53, and Eligio Garcia, 45; and inmates Byron Wilson, 34; Tyler Townsend, 29; Jesus Reyna, 44; Kaleb Wise, 22; Adolfo Ruiz, 32; Michael Sewart, 25; Angel Vasquez, 31; and Jeremiah Rodriguez, 35. The statement did not say which officer was driving the bus. Davis was had more than 17 years of service Hong Kong Police Hunt Young Girl Over Diamond Heist Hong Kong police say they are hunting a girl aged between 12 and 14 years old over the theft of a diamond necklace worth more than HK$36 million ( 3.5 million) from a luxury jewelry store. Police say she helped carry out the audacious theft with two women and a man, all aged between 30 and 40. The adults "pretended to be customers choosing items from the shop" police said, while the girl stole the necklace. The gang of four then left the store before a staff member realized it was missing. The necklace was 100- carat gold embedded with more than 30 diamonds, the South China Morning Post said, and police confirmed it was worth HK$36 million. The young girl managed to steal a key from a drawer to open a cabinet while staff were distracted, the SCMP said, citing an unnamed police source. "The three adults posed as big spenders and demanded employees show them jewellery in an apparent move to divert staff attention," the source said. Local media reported that the theft was from the Emperor Jewelry store in the Tsim Sha Tsui shopping dis- with the Department of Criminal Justice, and Garcia had nearly 23 years of service. The inmates were serving sentences that ranged from one year for labeling unauthorized recordings to 20 years for drug possession with intent to distribute, according to online prison records. Correctional officer Jason Self, 38, and inmates Terry Johnson, 22, and Damien Rodriguez, 22, were hospitalized in critical condition, the prison system said. Inmates Remigio Pineda, 34, and Hector Rivera, 37, were in serious condition. The train, which was travelling from the Los Angeles area to Marion, Arkansas, remained stopped at the accident site several hours after the accident, Davis said. The National Transportation Safety Board said it was sending a team of inspectors to the scene. Texas Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick issued a statement offering condolences to the families of those killed in the wreck. "I also pray for a speedy recovery of a third correctional staff member and four offenders who were transported with injuries," he said. In June, an inmate was killed and several other people were injured when a Department of Criminal Justice van collided with a car in Central Texas. trict, but the store would not confirm it had been targeted when contacted by AFP. The girl was caught on CCTV as she left the mall, the SCMP said, showing a picture of a girl dressed in black trousers, a blue shirt and a grey hooded top. Police described her as "slimly built". The gang spent around half an hour in the shop and staff did not notice the necklace was missing until later in the day, the SCMP added.

11 FRATERNAL ORDER OF LAW ENFORCEMENT Page 11 Thieves Smash Into San Francisco Museum Of Gold Wells Fargo Bank officials vowed to reopen a popular corporate museum in the heart of San Francisco s financial district after thieves smashed a stolen SUV through its front door and made off with historic gold rush nuggets on display. The museum is a popular destination for schoolchildren and tourists and includes two restored stagecoaches, a working telegraph and other California Gold Rush era memorabilia. The thieves struck at about 2:30 a.m. Tuesday when they rammed a Chevrolet Suburban through the museum s revolving door. They then emerged from the SUV, and one of them held a security guard at gunpoint while the others took up to 10 ounces of gold nuggets from a display case. The three men escaped in a four-door sedan driven by an accomplice. The security guard was unharmed. The iconic stagecoaches weren t damaged, bank spokesman Ruben Pulido said. Rest assured, the museum will reopen, so it can continue to serve the thousands of visitors and Bay Area residents who visit it each year, Pulido said. Wells Fargo opened its first branch on the site in 1852, Pulido said. The tactic mirrored three other smash-andgrab thefts involving vehicles in the San Francisco Bay Area since May. Police said they are investigating whether there s a connection. Last week thieves backed a U-Haul van through the front of a Patagonia store near San Francisco s Fisherman s Wharf, loaded it with high-end outdoor clothing and gear and sped off. On Nov. 26, two men rammed a vehicle into an upscale designer boutique in Union Square and took handbags. Across San Francisco Bay, thieves in May busted through the glass at an Apple Store in a bustling shopping district in Berkeley to steal electronics, leaving the car behind. Police did not reveal the value of the stolen merchandise in any of the cases. As many as 10 ounces of gold with an estimated value of roughly $10,000 was stolen from the Wells Fargo museum. Wells Fargo officials were still trying to determine exactly what was stolen before determining a more precise loss figure. Dealers of precious metals say they will be on the lookout for nuggets with his- torical significance that suddenly appear on the market, rare coin dealer Don Kagin said. Melting the gold could remove possible markings concerning when and where the nuggets were mined, said Fred Holabird, a mining geologist and an owner of a rare and unique collectibles business in Reno, Nevada. This is such bad news from my viewpoint, he said, calling the potential loss of historical indicators a tragedy. Holabird said the nuggets could be worth two to 10 times the value of gold now selling for about $1,300 an ounce on the open market. Selling stolen precious metals is difficult but not impossible. Robbers who swiped $1.3 million in gold, quartz and other valuable metals on display at the California State Mining and Mineral Museum in 2012 were able to sell about $12,000 worth of gold to pawn shops and dealers, police said. Some of the stolen items, including a bag of ground-up quartz, were recovered. Five men were convicted of the heist at the museum in the Sierra Nevada foothills. People walking to work stopped to snap photos of the SUV wedged in the shattered revolving doors. Police Helicopter Crashes A Las Vegas police helicopter crashed on a residential street Wednesday and two police officers were hospitalized with injuries that weren't believed to be lifethreatening, authorities said. It wasn't immediately clear what caused the Hughes 530 helicopter to go down just before 1:30 p.m. northeast of downtown Las Vegas. The aircraft didn't catch fire, and the Federal Aviation Administration reported that the injuries to the two people aboard the aircraft weren't life-threatening. Police Officer Laura Meltzer said the two officers were taken to University Medical Center, and there were no reports that anyone on the ground was hurt. The wreckage came to rest tilted on its side in a neighborhood of single-story homes. At least one of the four main rotor blades appeared to be missing and a landing skid broke, leaving the white helicopter with a red tail and green and gold stripes incapacitated in the street. FAA spokesman Ian Gregor in Los Angeles said the agency would investigate the crash. It wasn't immediately known if weather was a factor. The crash happened on a cold day with overcast skies and occa- sional snow flurries in mountain elevations, but no flakes accumulated in the downtown and Las Vegas Strip area. Winds were light, about 10 mph. The helicopter is one of five operated by the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department. The Hughes is routinely used for patrol and as an aerial observation platform at events like the annual New Year's Eve fireworks celebration. The event Wednesday night was expected to draw some 340,000 revelers to the Las Vegas Strip.

12 Page 12 How Belgium Prevented A 'Second Paris' Thief Falls Through Roof At Cop's Feet A Dallas police officer charged with sexual assault after being accused of abusing prostitutes has died of a suicide. Sr. Cpl. David Kattner was found dead Friday morning in Little Elm, about 20 miles north of Dallas. A Little Elm police statement said initial investigations show On Thursday night, Belgian special forces raided an apartment in Verviers where suspected terrorists were plotting terror attacks against police officers. They killed two of the suspected jihadists and arrested one. The plot was discovered after suspicious calls were intercepted and the police raid at Verviers was the result of a vast police operation launched to arrest the suspects. But what more can Belgium, and other Western countries, do to prevent another Charlie Hebdostyle killing? Like France, Belgium has been communicating details of the investigation and the raid through its judicial authorities, giving the image of a rule of law response. This is important because Belgian police, judiciary and intelligence have proved to work effectively together. Phone interception has been a crucial element of the investigation to prevent terrorist attacks in Belgium. This raises again the need of better not necessarily increased surveillance mechanisms that would allow acquiring a mass of information necessary to identify the largest number of suspects and information related to planned activities. Better surveillance as opposed to increased surveillance requires close cooperation with judicial authorities, a sound legal framework and better management of investigative means available. Police cannot rely solely on surveillance as terrorists will rapidly adjust to this investigative posture. In light of past controversies regarding prevention of terrorist attacks, public opinion must be informed that when the investigation reaches an appropriate volume of information, police will promptly prevent attack. But with safeguards on privacy, surveillance remains an effective anti-terror tactic. Special police units and a vast police operation were essential in dealing with a very difficult situation. As opposed to French police forces that have operated under the scrutiny of global media, the Belgian police had the advantage of operating in secret. The operation in Verviers was coordinated by the federal attorney Frederic Van Leeuw with the support of the counterterrorism cell of the Federal Police and other security agencies. The police has carried out other operations and searches in Belgium. Once again, availability of human resources and specialized units has proven to be an effective element of success. There is a growing need to take longerterm, strategic actions to prevent the terrorist threat within Europe. It is clear that suspects that have been fighting in Iraq and Syria committing acts of terrorism represent a particular threat. What security forces need is resources and a sound legal background to arrest suspects Belgium is taking serious steps to update the security measures to prevent terrorist attacks in his territory. Terrorist tactics will change with time, so countries have to be flexible by constantly updating measures and, if possible, anticipating future developments. Radicalization on the other hand requires clarity in terms of definition of the problem, constant engagement with communities, social actions to recuperate radicalized individuals and direct actions to disrupt the sources of radical narratives. If police are provided with efficient means to fight this catastrophic criminal phenomenon, our way of life can be the 47-year-old officer apparently died of a selfinflicted gunshot wound. A Dallas police statement expressed condolences to the family. Kattner was arrested Dec. 21 and faced allegations that he contacted female prostitutes and preserved - and the dangers of populism and xenophobic behavior disrupted. Belgium this week presented a series of measures to tackle this criminal phenomenon: 1. Traveling abroad for terrorist purposes as a criminal offence 2. Extension of the list of crimes (i.e. terrorist recruitment, provocation to commit acts of terrorism) requiring special investigative techniques 3. Extension of cases in which nationality can be revoked 4. Temporary withdrawal of identity cards and passports 5. Freezing of assets for people involved in terrorism financing 6. Revision of measures concerning foreign fighters 7. Improvement of information exchange 8. Review of radicalisation measures 9. Measures to fight radicalisation in prisons 10. Reform of intelligence agencies 11. Military support for specific tasks 12. Enhancement of the state's analytical capabilities compelled them to perform sexual acts with him. Authorities said Kattner, who'd been with the Dallas force for 26 years, was off-duty and working an extra job during the alleged sexual abuse. He was placed on administrative leave following his arrest.

13 VOLUME 7 ISSUE 1 Page 13 2 Cops Shot In The Bronx A manhunt was under way Tuesday for at least two suspects who shot and wounded two New York City police officers responding to a robbery. Both officers were listed in stable condition. The shooting came about two weeks after two officers were fatally shot while sitting in their patrol car in Brooklyn, and on the same day that the city touted record low crime levels. Police say one of the suspects may have been wounded in the gunfire. They were trying to determine whether a man who later walked into a hospital with a gunshot wound to his back was connected to the incident. The shooting occurred around 10:30 p.m. Monday near East 184th Street in the Bronx's Tremont section. The officers were coming off their shift when they and three other plainclothes officers responded to a report of a grocery store robbery. "They went above and beyond the call to protect their fellow New Yorkers. Thank God the officers are doing well and will recover," Mayor Bill de Blasio said at the hospital where the Shaq Becomes Reserve Cop officers are recovering. Monday night's shooting unfolded as officers were searching for suspects for an armed robbery that occurred minutes earlier at a grocery store. Police Commissioner William Bratton said the officers, part of an anti-crime unit, were in a car when they spotted two possible suspects in the robbery one outside a Chinese restaurant and another inside it. He said when the officers got out, the suspect in the restaurant opened fire, forcing the officers to shoot back. The two suspects fled and then carjacked a white Camaro, which was later found abandoned. A revolver was recovered nearby. The commissioner said police are reviewing video that they hope will help them identify the suspects. The organization COP SHOT, Citizens Outraged at Police Being Shot, has offered a $10,000 reward leading to the arrest and conviction of the suspects. The two officers were not identified. They were described as a 30-year-old who was shot in his left arm and lower back, and a 38- year-old hit in his left arm and chest. On Dec. 20, Officers Rafael Ramos and Wenjian Liu were gunned down in their patrol car by a man who vowed online to kill "pigs." The man opened fire, then ran into a subway where he shot himself to death. Ramos was buried Dec. 27; Liu was buried Sunday. Tens of thousands of officers from around the country attended the funerals. Many turned their backs as de Blasio spoke because some say he is antipolice. This could be considered his latest 'Shaq attack.' Retired NBA legend Shaquille O'Neal, 42, has officially become a reserve police officer for the Doral Police Department in South Florida. The former Miami Heat player was sworn in at a special ceremony on Tuesday by Doral Police Chief Donald De Lucca. The ceremony was attended by the Mayor of Doral Luigi Borra, the city attorney, city manager and City Council. But now that O' Neal has his badge, Doral Police Department is trying to figure out how they'll be able to make a uniform that's big enough to fit the star who is 7ft 1in tall and weighs 324- pounds. 'His shoe size is huge, but nobody knows the exact number,' senior executive assistant to the chief, Carlos Arango said chuckling. 'At some point we'll get him an official polo shirt, but for now he has his badge.' O' Neal had originally applied to become a member of Doral police in September. He went through the entire application process and submitted to a background check before he was taken on. But he will not receive a salary and will cover his own insurance costs. According to the police department, O'Neal will commute to work from his homes in Fort Lauderdale and Orlando. De Lucca told The Miami Herald that Shaq will mostly be doing community work and serving as a role model for children. 'I want them to be be able to say: 'If Mr. O'Neal can do it, I can do it,' he told The Miami Herald. But it's not his first time the NBA legend has worked to protect and serve. He has previously served as a reserve police officer for Miami Beach and Golden Beach in Florida; in Tempe, Arizona; and the Port of Los Angeles. O'Neal has said that he considers police work to be his 'calling' and revealed that two of his uncles were police officers and his stepfather was an Army sergeant. Despite a glittering basketball career, he admits that he has been interested in law enforcement since he was a teenager. During Shaq's two-decade basketball career, he played in Orlando, Los Angeles, Miami, Phoenix, Cleveland and Boston. While in Miami, he traveled back and forth to Virginia, where he worked on the Inter- net Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force Program. And he admits that his longterm goal is to become a police chief or sheriff in Florida. He said: 'When it's all said and done, [I'd like to work in] either Orange County, Dade County or Broward. But, I have to work from the ground up first.' O'Neal, however, heaped praise on Doral's current Chief, who has served as police chief of Miami Beach and of Golden Beach while Shaq was a reserve officer. He said: 'He's a great leader. I'm learning from him, watching him. He's a good friend of mine, and in order to become a great leader, you have to master their style and then create your own style.' In return, De Lucca praised O' Neal saying: 'We're honored to have him as part of our team, he's a role model for today's youth; he believes in the nobility of our profession.'

14 Page 14 End of Watch The Fraternal Order of Law Enforcement and its members would like to pay tribute to the Law Enforcement Officers in North America that lose their lives in the line of duty. It s been more than 65 years since the annual number of line-of-duty police deaths was fewer than 100. We would like to hit home and remind officers to keep up on regular training, eat healthy, exercise and to make sure all their equipment is working, including Sidearm Handcuffs, OC Spray, Baton, and Flashlight before they go out on every patrol. Sergeant Sean Renfro Jefferson County Sheriff's Office Colorado Cause of Death - Struck By Vehicle End of Watch: Saturday, January 3, 2015 Police Officer Craig Chandler Baltimore City Police Department Maryland Cause of Death - Vehicle Pursuit End of Watch: Friday, January 9, 2015 Officer safety begins with five simple things: 1. Wear Your Seatbelt 2. Watch Your Speed 3. Wear Your Vest 4. WIN - What's Important Now? 5. Remember: Complacency Kills! Assistant Chief Carl Borderlon Ball Police Department Louisiana Cause of Death - Heart Attack End of Watch: Saturday, January 10, 2015 Corrections Officer V Christopher Davis Texas Department of Criminal Justice Texas Cause of Death - Automobile Accident End of Watch: Wednesday, January 14, 2015 Corrections Officer V Eligio Garcia Texas Department of Criminal Justice Texas Cause of Death - Automobile Accident End of Watch: Wednesday, January 14, 2015 Deputy Chief Steven Bonano New York City Police Department New York Cause of Death - 9/11 Related Illness End of Watch: Saturday, January 17, 2015 North America Total Line of Duty Deaths: 14 Line of Duty Deaths up 20 % Gun Fire Deaths Down 95 %

15 FRATERNAL ORDER OF LAW ENFORCEMENT Page 15 Motor Officer Michael Kern Olathe Police Department Kansas Cause of Death - Heart Attack End of Watch: Tuesday, January 20, 2015 Detective John Scott Stevens Ocean County Prosecutor's Office New Jersey Cause of Death - Automobile Accident End of Watch: Wednesday, January 21, 2015 Constable David Matthew Wynn Royal Canadian Mounted Police Canada Cause of Death - Gunfire End of Watch: Wednesday, January 21, 2015 Director of Investigations John Ballard Gorman Mississippi Gaming Commission Mississippi Cause of Death - Gunfire (Accidental) End of Watch: Wednesday, January 21, 2015 Sergeant Charles Kerry Mitchum Loxley Police Department Alabama Cause of Death - Automobile Accident End of Watch: Monday, January 26, 2015 Patrolman Roger O'Dell Town Creek Police Department Alabama Cause of Death - Automobile Accident End of Watch: Wednesday, January 28, 2015 Detective Michael Starrett Jacksboro Police Department Tennessee Cause of Death - Automobile Accident End of Watch: Friday, January 30, 2015

16 Page 16 Trooper Nicholas Dees Oklahoma Highway Patrol Oklahoma Cause of Death - Struck By Vehicle End of Watch: Saturday, January 31, 2015 K9 Officers K9 Officer Sultan Riverside County Sheriff's Department California Cause of Death - Gunfire End of Watch: Wednesday, January 21, 2015 Drug Bust Crosses Three Provinces A significant drug bust that took place in Saskatchewan this week also has ties to both British Columbia and Alberta. It was called project FOR- SETI, and was led by the Integrated Organized Crime Unit a combined unit made up of the Saskatoon Police Service and the RCMP. The investigation began last November and culminated in the arrest of 14 people. Saskatoon police executed search warrants on 10 addresses in that city, including the Hells Angels clubhouse in Saskatoon. Eight other locations in both Saskatchewan and Alberta were raided. Officers searched commercial properties, businesses, vehicles and residences, and seized a massive amount of guns, drugs and cash. Those arrested face various charges such as trafficking in a controlled substance, weapons trafficking, and possession of property obtained by crime. I n all, police seized: 5.4 kilograms of methamphetamine 2.6 kilograms of cocaine 3,358 fentanyl pills (counterfeit oxycontin) 107 grams of heroin 65.7 kilograms of marihuana 456 dilaudid pills 454 grams of cannabis resin (hash) Approximately $100,000 currency as proceeds of crime 7 vehicles as offence-related property Approximately 200 firearms including prohibited and restricted firearms Tens of thousands of rounds of ammunition 4 ballistic vests 1 conducted energy weapon Officers also searched a location in Burnaby on Jan. 6 and seized two pill presses and several kilograms of pre-mixed powders. These types of pill presses are said to be industrial level machines commonly associated with the production of MDMA (ecstasy) and fentanyl (counterfeit oxycontin). Investigators became aware of the pill presses after the deaths relating to counterfeit oxycontin last September and believe it also played a part in similar deaths that recently took place in Saskatoon. This investigation clearly demonstrates there are individuals who are determined to bring harm into our communities. We can see by the pill press and quantity of illegal drugs and other materials seized, this was not an amateur operation, said Detective Inspector Jerome Engele of the Saskatoon Police Service. It is important for everyone to remember that the only safe medication to take is one prescribed by your physician and purchased from a pharmacy. There is no way to ever guarantee the safety of drugs that are purchased illegally.

17 VOLUME 7 ISSUE 1 Page 17 Article Contribution From Brian Willis : WIN What s Important Now? Police use of force Police use of force is rare. Police use of excessive force is very rare. Police use of deadly force is exceptionally rare. Police use of force is often ugly. Police use of force is almost always subject driven. The subject always has the choice to cooperate. If they choose not to then they are dictating that some level of force is needed to control them. The subject's level of resistance or aggression will dictate the level of force needed to control them. Police use of force is impacted by a multitude of factors including the officer's training, experience, competence, confidence, and perception. Police use of force is also influenced by factors such as size and strength differences between the subject and the officer, lighting, length of the struggle or fight, fatigue, drug or alcohol use by the subject, the subject's possession of, use of or access to weapons, other people in the immediate area, lighting and other environmental factors. Police use of force is influenced by time. Reaction time, time and distance, time to start and time to stop. Everything takes time. Police use of force is always easy to second guess in the comfort of your own home. Your mission, should you decide to accept it, is to continue to educate people about the realities of police use of force. Take care. Brian Willis, Review Finds Problems In Shooting RCMP officers responding to the fatal police shootings in Moncton last year faced a number of challenges that included communicating accurate information, accessing high-powered weaponry and securing hard body armor, says a review released Friday. The report makes 64 recommendations that call for better access to shotguns and rifles, standard equipment for emergency response teams, improvements in radio communication and training to better prepare supervisors for critical incidents. It highlighted a number of problems the Mounties faced when they were searching for Justin Bourque, who was arrested 28 hours after the June 4 shooting rampage began. "Accurate risk assessments were difficult as members were calling for ambulances to multiple locations," the 180 -page report said. "Sightings were being reported based on caller location (as opposed to suspect location), then broadcast out of order. There were wounded members in need of medical attention.... Based on the radio traffic, it would have been nearly impossible to form an accurate tactical view of the situation." While there were five RCMP tactical armored vehicles deployed for emergency response team use, one tactical armored vehicle from the Quebec RCMP was not deployed as it was in Montreal and not requested, the report said. "The RCMP TAV was designed for this type of operation and, given the scale of this incident, having as many as possible was essential," it said. "To mitigate the shortage of TAVs, commercial armored trucks were put into use." One RCMP tactical armored vehicle from Nova Scotia was dispatched but it broke down and a mechanic was sent to fix it. The report recommended tactical armored vehicles travelling long distances should go by rail or flatbed truck. Many RCMP officers did not know that hard body armor was available in vehicles while others were not familiar with how to wear the equipment properly, the report said. "This all speaks to a general lack of knowledge and understanding with respect to how and when HBA must be worn," the report said. The RCMP should have also considered asking for the help of the military, given its specialized and unique capabilities and equipment, it added. The RCMP said it accepts all of the review's recommendations and has started implementing them. "We must learn from this tragedy," RCMP deputy commissioner Janice Armstrong said in a statement. "It is our duty to make sure all RCMP employees on the front lines are as prepared as possible to meet the threats we face every day." In October, Bourque was sentenced to life in prison with no eligibility for parole for 75 years after pleading guilty to three counts of first-degree murder and two counts of attempted murder. Bourque, 25, admitted in a statement to police that he used a semiautomatic rifle to shoot the five officers in the city's north end. Afterwards, he fled into the woods near a suburban neighborhood, where he was later arrested.

18 Page 18 Police Hero : Officers Rescue Family From Burning Home Camden County Police Department officers rescued a mother and two children from a burning home Wednesday afternoon. Around 4:15 p.m., Officers Sean McMahon and Aaron Roselli were on directed patrol addressing quality of life issues in the area of 9th Street and Atlantic Avenue when they were directed by residents to a building fire at 808 Atlantic Avenue where a mother and two children (a boy and girl ages 4 and 7) were trapped inside on the second floor. Officers McMahon and Roselli along with Officers Nicholas Marchiafava and Shane Franz quickly forced entry by kicking open the front door. They entered and attempted to locate the family but the fire had already grown too large. The four officers attempted to locate the stairwell to get to the trapped family. The thick smoke and fire made it impossible for the officers to get to the second floor, and while trying to navigate through the smoke, Officer Marchiafava collapsed and was helped out of the home by Officers Franz and McMahon. Prior to departing the house the officers shouted for the mother to take her children to the rear window of the house. With the fire spreading and the family facing imminent danger, six officers Frank Cardosa, Joseph Czyzewski, Antonio Gennetta, Brandon Moreno, Thomas Rambone, Nicholas Sherman and Robert Schwartz circled beneath a rear second floor window, locking arms and creating a human net. The officers encouraged them to jump and were able to safely catch both girls and their mother. Officers then quickly carried the fire victims to awaiting EMS personnel who rushed them to Cooper University Hospital. I m extremely proud of the heroic actions taken by officers who responded to this fire. They risked their lives without hesitation to make sure that the children and their mother got out and because of their actions, this family is alive today. said Chief J. Scott Thomson. The mother and both children were transported to Crozer-Chester Medical Center in Pennsylvania where they remain today in critical condition. Officer Marchiafava was transported to Cooper University Hospital where he was admitted for severe smoke inhalation and was released today. Chinese Police Punished After Endangered Salamander Feast Fourteen Chinese police officers have been suspended after three undercover journalists were assaulted while trying to expose an underground salamander feast at which Communist Party officials were washing the endangered species down with cases of rice wine. The banquet took place last Wednesday in the southern factory boomtown of Shenzhen. At least 28 people, including several senior government officials, were present. One giant salamander a critically endangered amphibian long considered a delicacy in China was on the menu. However, what had promised to be a routine night of over-indulgence descended into fisticuffs when diners realized their 6,352 yuan ($ ) salamandereating session had been infiltrated by reporters from the Southern Metropolis Daily tabloid. Violence ensued as the officials and their security guards set upon their unwelcome guests, the staterun Global Times claimed. One of [the journalists] was kicked and slapped while another was robbed of his cell phone, leaving his hands bleeding, the newspaper reported. The photographer was choked and beaten up, while his camera was smashed. On Monday, 14 public security officials were suspended pending an investigation into the incident. The Shenzhen salamander feast is the second culinary calamity involving government officials to hit Chinese headlines this month. There was outrage in mid-january after an influential Chinese magazine claimed that hours before 36 people lost their lives in a New Year s Eve stampede in Shanghai, senior officials had been feasting on sushi at a nearby restaurant where meals cost up to $800-a-head. The restaurant, which is in a luxury shopping mall opposite Shanghai s five-star Peninsula hotel, is reputedly popular among Communist Party highfliers with a penchant for "Japan's most extravagant cuisine". "Shanghai officials often come down to eat," one member of staff told the Caixin magazine. Zhou Wei and Peng Song, two of the officials at the controversial New Year's Eve dinner, were last week sacked for breaking Communist Party frugality rules.

19 FRATERNAL ORDER OF LAW ENFORCEMENT Page 19 Kenya Police Tear-Gas Primary School Children In Playground Protest Kenyan police fired tear gas at children as young as eight protesting on Monday against the seizure of their school playground by a property developer. Around 100 primary school children and a small group of activists pushed over a newly built wall that separated playing fields and the school buildings, close to the capital Nairobi's main domestic airport. The majority of the children were aged between eight and 13. Around 40 armed police accompanied by dogs dispersed the protesters by firing tear gas canisters, an AFP photographer at the scene said. Dozens of children were caught in choking clouds of tear gas before being forced to shelter on a pedestrian bridge over the main road Children screamed as police officers in riot gear and waving truncheons pushed them back, some panicking as they sought water to wash their burning eyes. At least five children received medical treatment while one policeman was wounded, seen with blood pouring down beneath his riot helmet. A senior police officer at the demonstration, Mwangi Kuria, told Kenya's Daily Nation newspaper that officers had been deployed to "safeguard the property", adding that rocks had been thrown at his men. "This is disputed land, but they should not use the children," Kuria was quoted as saying. Two activists were detained by police, Kenyan media said. Macharia Njeru, chairman of the Independent Policing Oversight Authority, said the incident would be investigated. "Tear-gassing children is inexcusable," he said. Renowned activist Boniface Mwangi said a "school playground is a necessity, not a privilege." Some of the children carried placards protesting against the alleged land grab. "Kenya: the land of shameless grabbers," read one, with others pleading for government to fight corruption. "Shame!" read another. "Grabber, you won't live forever." The incident sparked angry reactions on social media, including Twitter, where comments used the hashtag " OccupyPlayGround". "Shame on the government for assaulting children with tear gas to protect the corrupt," politician and former presidential hopeful Martha Karua said on Twitter. Monday was the first school day since the wall was built during the holidays. Nairobi, a city of more than three million people, is rapidly growing and land prices are rising at some of the fastest rates anywhere on the continent, according to real estate experts. Police Across Italy Plan To Strike For First Time On A National Level] Local police forces across Italy are planning to strike for the first time ever on a national level, in support of their fellow officers in Rome who were ridiculed around the world when 80 per cent of the capital s police officers called in sick on New Year s Eve. Italian police throughout the country have vowed to avenge the mud-slinging directed at their Roman colleagues. Francesco Garofalo, director general of police union Csa, said the events of New Year s Eve had unleashed a defamatory mudslide at Roman police. Many of the striking officers will gather in the centre of Rome on February 12 and march along a two mile stretch from piazza della Repubblica to Santi Apostoli. They will arrive by coach from all over Italy, said Mr Garofalo. The union has estimated around 60,000 municipal police officers, from cities such as Florence, Milan and Genoa, will attend. The announcement comes less than a month after 83 per cent of officers did not turn up to work on December 31, leaving the capital heaving with partygoers to fend for itself. Three quarters of the absent officers said they were suffering from health problems. The local officers deny they were being lazy and say they failed to show up due to a wider dispute over pay and conditions. Around 30 officers, who were found to have no justification for their absence, are facing disciplinary action and could be sacked. Matteo Renzi, the prime minister, who is trying to push through a raft of new employment law changes, tweeted at the time: I read that 83 per cent of police did not work because of illness on Dec 31. This is why we will change the rules of public sector employment in Ignazio Marino, the mayor of Rome, wrote on Facebook: They didn t manage to ruin the party, but those responsible will have to be held to account.

20 Page 20 Strippers Smuggle Contraband It was a Florida prison inmate's escape that led investigators down a rabbit hole of sin involving a corrections officer and two strippers the sheriff says brokered deals for malt liquor, cigarettes and "conjugal visits in the woods." It all unfolded in September, when inmate Jason Adams escaped from a work crew in suburban Pasco County, about 30 miles north of downtown Tampa. The corrections officer overseeing the crew, Henry Blackwelder, didn't tell his superiors of the escape until three hours later. When investigators arrived, they found empty cans of Straw- Ber-Rita and Four Loko malt liquor, empty packets of synthetic marijuana known as "spice," and a blanket in the woods used for hook-ups. "Prison is supposed to be tough.... It was basically a party out there," Sheriff Chris Nocco said during a recent news conference. Adams, who was serving a six-year sentence for burglary and grand theft when he escaped, was caught a day later riding a bicycle. He snuck away after asking to relieve himself in the woods and never coming back. Nocco says his arrest unraveled the 45-year-old Blackwelder's scheme. Blackwelder immediately resigned after the escape. According to a report, detectives found that Adams left the work crew on several occasions to buy booze, smokes and spice at Blackwelder's behest. Blackwelder would then get his work crew to smuggle the goods into the prison, the report said. Blackwelder enlisted two exotic dancers who also worked at a convenience store, documents show, to help with the smuggling. One of the women, 24-year-old Jessica Morgan, told deputies "she knew it was wrong" but did it because she had fallen in love with one of the inmates on the work crew. Morgan and 46-year-old Stacy Petty told officials they met with the inmates once a week for about a year. Blackwelder was paid with cash and food for the contraband and would finish any leftovers from the food the two women brought for their inmate boyfriends, Nocco said. "He was like Yogi bear out there eating their leftovers," said Nocco, who held a news conference on Tuesday and stood behind a table stacked with contraband, including "Scooby Snax" spice packets. Blackwelder was charged Tuesday with official misconduct, unlawful compensation for official behaviour and smuggling contraband into a state correctional facility. He was released on bail Wednesday. It is not clear if he has an attorney. Morgan and Petty were charged with introducing contraband into a state correctional facility, giving alcohol to an inmate, and giving articles of food and clothing to an inmate. They are both being held on $20,000 bond at the Pasco County Jail, and records do not list an attorney for them. Nocco noted that the work crew trysts went on even after Blackwelder resigned, leading Nocco to wonder if there aren't more corrections officers involved. "The department is currently reviewing all policies and procedures related to community work squads to ensure the safety, supervision and security of all inmates and staff," the state Department of Corrections said in a statement. Man Cited For 'Eating While Driving' In Georgia An Alabama man says he was cited by police in Cobb County, Georgia, for eating while driving under the distracted driving law. Madison Turner said he ordered a double Quarter Pounder with cheese from McDonald's last week, and a police officer pulled him over in Marietta, an Atlanta suburb. The officer explained to me that he observed me eating a burger for two miles, Turner said. He said specifically three times, 'You can't just go down the road eating a hamburger.'" According to the ticket, the officer wrote him up under Georgia's distracted driving law and under the comments section wrote, eating while driving. That law reads, in part: A driver shall exercise due care in operating a motor vehicle on the highways of this state and shall not engage in any actions which shall distract such driver from the safe operation of such vehicle. Maybe I was enjoying the burger too much; I needed to tone it down. I was certainly willing to do so, but I didn't expect to be fined or punished, Turner said. If this was the law, I'd have to hire more attorneys because everybody does it including me, said William Head, a longtime traffic and DUI attorney, who is not representing Turner. I've only seen something like this charge when there's an accident. There was no accident here so the fact that this man was charged with eating and driving is a first for me, Head said. Head added that law was very vague. Maybe if you had a giant pizza in both hands and you weren't holding the wheel, or maybe if you had a watermelon half watermelon and you were just diving into it holding it with both hands, maybe that would be something, Head said. A representative for Cobb County police said they could not comment, since the case is ongoing. Madison has a court date on Feb. 3.

21 VOLUME 7 ISSUE 1 Page 21 Italian Police Arrest 160 Alleged Mafia Members Italian police arrested 160 alleged members of the 'Ndrangheta mafia on Wednesday in an operation of unprecedented importance, according to the country s top prosecutor. The arrests took place across the country, although the majority came in dawn raids across the wealthier north of Italy, where the group expanded from its southern Calabria homeland as it extended its reach into Europe s cocaine trade. The charges included money laundering, counterfeiting, fraud, arson, harassment and corruption as well as drug trafficking. Another 200 people are under investigation, including several Italians living abroad. Police also confiscated assets worth 100 million euros, including a block of 200 flats near Parma, 15 luxury cars, 137 trucks and 70 businesses. This investigation of unprecedented importance, said Italy s top mafia prosecutor Franco Roberti said at a press conference in Bologna. "Nothing will ever be the same." Mr Roberti said Ndrangheta spent decades infiltrating public institutions. These criminal associations not only aspired to material wealth, but worked very hard to develop a close relationship with the very fabric of society, which is why they were entering politics and trying to control institutions and information, Mr Roberti told The Telegraph. Election results in five towns between Parma and Reggio Emilia are being reviewed for vote fraud. Six alleged 'Ndrangheta bosses, former and currently serving police officers, a prominent local politician, and several journalists and businessmen were among those arrested. The father of Italian footballer Vincenzo Iaquinta, an ex- Juventus striker and World Cup winner, was also among those arrested. One of the region's senators, Stefano Vaccari, described Wednesday's developments as "an extraordinary blow to 'Ndrangheta which shows the capacity of the state and the judiciary to combat organized crime. The 'Ndrangheta is considered the most powerful crime syndicate in Italy, having surpassed Sicily's Cosa Nostra and the Naples-based Camorra thanks to the wealth it has amassed as the principal importer and wholesaler of cocaine produced in Latin America and smuggled into Europe via north Africa and southern Italy. Retired NYPD Detective Ends A Outstanding 54-Year Career Retired NYPD detective Domenick Laperuta ends a outstanding 54-year career in law enforcement on Friday, when he measures down as safety director of Lehman College in The Bronx. Staffers at the CUNY college, nearby cops and neighborhood officials will be on hand for a noon salute, when he s honored with a final walk out. The 76-year-old legend began out as a NYPD cop on May possibly four, 1960, when Pesident Dwight D. Eisenhower was nonetheless in office. Three days earlier, U.S. Air Force pilot Francis Gary Powers had been shot Off-Duty NYPD Cop Severely Beaten down over Soviet airspace in his U-two spy plane. Later that month, Israel announced the capture of Adolph Eichmann, 1 of the Nazi s most notorious war criminals. And bananas were then on sale for 19 cents... for two pounds. Laperuta was awarded 87 Meritorious Duty and 16 Exceptional Police Duty medals whilst logging 2,000 arrests through his NYPD career. He raised 4 little ones, three of whom pursued law enforce- An off-duty NYPD officer s jaw and eye socket were broken on Monday when he was attacked in the parking lot of a Queens supermarket, cops said. The Brooklyn officer was brutally beaten in the parking lot of the Pathmark supermarket at Springfield Blvd. in St. Albans at around 2 p.m., according to law enforcement sources. He was shopping inside when he accidentally ment careers: Domenick Jr., 52, and Danny, 38, each now retired NYPD detectives out with line-of-duty injuries, as effectively as Anthony, 42, a CUNY Police lieutenant now assigned to City College. His daughter, Katrina, is a corporate lawyer. His son Anthony stated his dad s future plans include things like enjoying his nine grandchildren and spending time at his condominium in Puerto Rico. bumped into a woman, the sources said. As he was walking to his car, he was attacked from behind and pummeled by someone who police believe is connected to the woman. The cop was taken to North Shore LIJ Hospital in stable condition. Police were examining surveillance video to try to identify the suspect, who was still on the loose Monday night.

22 Page 22 Officer Safety, Health & Wellness Section: The Forgotten Element: by Juli Adcock As law enforcement officers, we discuss training, tactics, tools, the latest technology, and rehash after action details to glean all we can from our experiences on duty. The thing that is remarkably absent is something many of us take for granted and don t consider when we think about improving officer safety. Sleep is as vital to life as food and water. There have been innumerable studies on sleep deprivation and its effects on health, not to mention quality of life. Some studies have even found that the effects of sleep deprivation mimic those caused by alcohol impairment. I can personally attest to the impaired part! I can still vividly recall one midnight shift when I was fighting to stay awake. Coffee, getting out and walking around, keeping my windows rolled down for fresh air, even slapping myself didn t overcome that wall I hit at o-darkhundred in the waning hours of my shift. I can still remember driving to check for burglaries and drifting over the centerline. It truly scared me, yet I simply could not control the drowsiness. There was a vehicle heading the opposite direction that called in, happily, but embarrassingly for me. The dispatcher called a 10-4 check. I answered, face flaming in embarrassment. It did help me wake up enough to last until the end of the shift. I was never so thankful when our department changed from rotating shifts every week, to permanent shifts. It probably saved my life, if not that of someone else! Sadly, a K-9 officer at our department was not so fortunate. He was returning home from his midnight shift and fell asleep at the wheel. It severely injured him and killed his K-9. An additional factor is that he lived in a rural area about 30 miles from his duty area. It was a long, boring drive back home and it impacted his life forever. We must consider that if sleep deprivation has this effect on our driving, how does it impact the rest of the things we do and the decisions we must make? Much of our training with our firearms focuses on muscle memory. This is a good thing, however, that presumes our ability to perceive the threat and the coordination to respond appropriately. Sleep deprivation is known to cause irritability, poor cognitive function and even perceptual distortions, if severe enough. Knowing this, the implications for officer involved shootings, how officers handle the public, as well as the effects on the officer s home life and health are enormous. One of the factors for the onset of PTSD in a given incident is sleep deprivation. I can speak from personal experience that it also magnifies the symptoms of PTSD, which in turn causes further sleep disturbance. It aggravates, if not causes chronic health issues, especially chronic pain. Some studies suggest that it contributes to obesity, diabetes, and high blood pressure. How many officers end up burning out or become disciplinary problems due, in part, to sleep deprivation? How many marriages and families of law enforcement officers are negatively impacted? It is a profound question when it is something as fundamental as simply get- ting sufficient sleep. Most studies done indicate 7 to 9 hours of sleep is needed for optimal health. We ve heard the recommendations to have regular schedules, exercise and so on, to maintain healthy sleep cycles. This doesn t help much when departments implement rotating shifts to cover calls for service with a limited number of officers. It doesn t help with being keyed up after a shift, dealing with a bad call or dealing with the legitimate stresses of a spouse arising at inopportune times. So where does that leave us in our search for sleep? An excellent resource I have found is On Combat by Lt. Colonel Grossman. Within this bible for warriors, he expertly discusses issues facing both military and law enforcement in their careers. It includes understanding physiological and psychological processes in life or death situations. Perhaps the most important is learning skills to prevent the onset of PTSD and keeping our edge for the long haul, which includes dealing with sleep disturbance. One of the things that helped me is to understand why exercise is so important for healthful sleep. Our profession contributes to an almost constant stream of adrenaline. Burning off that fight or flight chemical through exercise helps to unwind enough to sleep. (Continued Next Page)

23 FRATERNAL ORDER OF LAW ENFORCEMENT Page 23 Officer Health And Wellness - Continued He also stresses the importance of professionallymanaged critical incident debriefings and making peace with ourselves in order to get out of the loop of spiraling stress. Dividing the sorrow and multiplying joy by sharing with others is one of my favorites of his recommendations. Understanding the whys of what we experience and that often, the worries or symptoms we experience are normal reactions to abnormal situations goes a long way to give peace of mind. Simply being able to let go lets our minds shut down for restful sleep. When exercise, stress management and healthy eating are not enough to restore restful sleep, seeing a doctor is the next step. One of the worst things to do for chronic sleep disturbance is to try to self medicate through alcohol, over the counter sleeping pills or pain medication. This creates a vicious cycle of overcoming those side effects to be ready for duty, not to mention the risk of addiction. Medical conditions including sleep apnea, can cause sleep disturbance and should be dealt with accordingly. On rare occasions, no cause can be found and a sleep specialist can be consulted. They provide a myriad of services to deal with sleep disturbances, other than relying on sleeping pills. I have personally found most sleeping pills to be as bad, if not worse, than just not sleeping. Small amounts of melatonin and chamomile, staying on top of stressors and not watching news before bed has gone a long way for me. In considering any medication, whether herbal, prescription or over the counter, it s important to know medical conditions, drug interactions and side effects. Taking steps to ensure our fitness for duty is a gift we give ourselves, our families, our fellow officers, and our communities. Juli Adcock began her career in law enforcement with the Escambia County Florida Sheriff s Office as a patrol deputy until she was injured in a riot situation. She transferred to Judicial Security and retired in Juli pursued career advancement training with an emphasis on officer survival, interviews and interrogation. She worked with a local Rape Crisis Center and in victim s advocacy, complementing her college course work in psychology. She currently resides in New Mexico and is an instructor with The Appleseed Projecthttp:// The Appleseed Project is a rifle marksmanship clinic teaching the fundamentals of firing an accurate round downrange every 3 to 4 seconds, out to 500 yards, as well as American history. She has trained military personnel at White Sands Missile Range who are certifying as Squad Designated Marksmen. Juli instructs basic handgun skills Police Chief Shot 4 Times Investigating Bomb Threat The man who shot Sentinel Police Chief Louis Ross on Thursday morning will not be arrested at this time, the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation reported Thursday afternoon. The man, whose name has not been released, was taken into investigative detention Thursday morning. OSBI investigators interviewed him for several hours before releasing him. "Facts surrounding the case lead agents to believe the man was unaware it was officers who made entry," a news release from OSBI states. Ross was wearing a borrowed bulletproof vest when he was shot several times in the chest while investigating a bomb threat Thursday morning, OSBI reported. A Washita County deputy loaned the vest to the police chief just before they entered the home of a man suspected of making the bomb threat. "He would be dead if it wasn't for the bulletproof vest," Sentinel Mayor Sam Dlugonski said. A neighbor, David Delk, said the man who lives in the house authorities converged on Thursday morning is named Dallas Horton. He said Horton kept to himself and wore a lot of black. "He wasn't all that friendly," Delk said. Signs on either side of the front door of the house reference zombies. One says: "Certified zombie killer." Another reads: "Warning: zombies inside enter at your own risk." Dlugonski described Horton as a "gun enthusiast" and a "survivalist." He also said Horton had seemed "on edge." Authorities removed at least seven guns from the residence Thursday afternoon. What Happened Officers were notified of a bomb threat Thursday morning at the Sentinel Community Action Center, which houses the city's Head Start program, Dlugonski said. Someone called 911 about 4 a.m. to make the threat, according to OSBI. The Oklahoma Highway Patrol bomb squad was called to check for an explosive device. Meanwhile, deputies and Ross located the caller at his home in the 200 block of South 4, OSBI reported. After breaking in the front door, officers cleared one bedroom, Dlugonski said. When Ross walked into a second bedroom, a man shot him three times in the chest and once in one arm, Dlugonski said. The shooter, described as a man in his mid-30s, had posted statements on social media recently about the terrorist group ISIS, also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria. Dlugonski said he doubts the shooter was connected to the terrorist group. "I've known that kid all of his life," Dlugonski said. "I don't think he was tied to the Islamic State in any way." Delk said he woke up early Thursday when his dogs were barking. He said he went back to bed and when he woke up again, there were police vehicles everywhere. "For Sentinel, it's just a shocker," Delk said. Ross has been released from the hospital, but he was on his way to see an orthopedic surgeon, Dlugonski said Thursday afternoon. Ross had some numbness in his hand, but he was in good spirits, the mayor said. Classes at Sentinel public schools were canceled Thursday as a precautionary measure. Classes will resume Friday, a school official said.

24 Page 24 Featured Police Product : Recon Scout XT When it's too dangerous to send a police officer into an active crime scene -- or in any situation that requires "eyes" where there's no clear line of sight -- police can rely on a throwable robotic camera. The device has an electric motor and special wheels that allow it to move, climb and explore at the whim of an officer who operates it wirelessly. In Eden Prairie, Minn., the police department's emergency response team has been taking along one of those devices, the Recon Scout Throwbot, every time it hits the streets. "It deploys with us like we would carry a rifle," said Sgt. Carter Staaf, a spokesperson for the team. "You never know where you are going to need it. It always comes in handy somewhere. If we have a warrant search and there are multiple levels in a home, we can throw it upstairs and get a set of eyes up there." Developed by ReconRobotics in Edina, Minn., the Recon Scout is a "force multiplier," Staaf said, explaining that the device gives police officers a critical advantage when they can't see a suspect directly. In such cases, many police departments send in a police dog to scope out the dangers, but that can be risky for the animal. "That's a $20,000 dog and there's an emotional attachment to it if something happens to it," Staaf said. "There's zero emotional attachment if something happens to the robotic camera. If it gets shot, picked up or smashed by an assailant, then at least you know that the bad guy is there." The Recon Scout XT is the newest model of a throwable, wirelessly controlled robotic camera. Credit: ReconRobotics. The robotic cameras can be used indoors and outdoors. In Minneapolis, police use them for bomb detection by using the remote controller to drive them under vehicles to look for suspicious packages, Staaf said. "You can dream up the scenarios that you want to use them for." The Eden Prairie Police Department spent about $9,000 for its device, the original Recon Scout model. The robot has been improved with new features in the latest XT version, according to Staaf, who has looked at the new model but hasn't purchased it. "The XT model is a little faster and quieter and has been ruggedized more," he said. "The wheels allow you to crawl over more kinds of turf. They really did a nice job with that." In future models, Staaf said he'd like to see improved ruggedness in the controller and improved water resistance in the camera unit. There are some special requirements when it comes to operating the device, Staaf said. First, officers have to be specially trained to run it. Second, when using the device at a dangerous crime scene, the operator must be accompanied by a fellow officer to cover and protect him, since his attention will be focused on the device. Iceland Grieves After Police Kill A Man For The First Time In Its History "The nation was in shock. This does not happen in our country," said Thora Arnorsdottir, news editor at RUV, the Icelandic National Broadcasting Service. She was referring to a 59-year old man who was shot by police on Monday. The man, who started shooting at police when they entered his building, had a history of mental illness. It's the first time someone has been killed by armed police in Iceland since it became an independent republic in Police don't even carry weapons, usually. Violent crime in Iceland is almost non-existent. "The nation does not want its police force to carry weapons because it's dangerous, it's threatening," Arnorsdottir says. "It's a part of the culture. Guns are used to go hunting as a sport, but you never see a gun." In fact, Iceland isn't anti-gun. In terms of percapita gun ownership, Iceland ranks 15th in the world. Still, this incident was so rare that neighbors of the man shot were comparing the shooting to a scene from an American film. The Icelandic police department said officers involved will go through grief counseling. And the police department has already apologized to the family of the man who died though not necessarily because they did anything wrong. "I think it's respectful," Arnorsdottir says, "because no one wants to take another person's life. There are still a number of questions to be answered, including why police didn't first try to negotiate with man before entering his building. "A part of the great thing of living in this country is that you can enter parliament and the only thing they ask you to do is to turn off your cellphone, so you don't disturb the parliamentarians while they're talking. We do not have armed guards following our prime minister or president. That's a part of the great thing of living in a peaceful society. We do not want to change that. "

25 Page 25 Officer Arrested For Stealing Pot, Cash And A Gun A San Antonio Police Department officer was arrested Thursday night after allegedly stealing money, drugs and a gun from a man and woman while on duty last week. Konrad Chatys, 32, faces a charge of theft by a public servant. According to an arrest warrant affidavit, Chatys was dispatched to a Dec. 31 disturbance in a parking lot at 7999 Potranco Road where Maxine Flores, 23, and Scott Galindo, 22, had been arguing inside their vehicle. The affidavit said Chatys separated the pair and placed Galindo in the back of his marked patrol car. The officer asked Galindo if he had anything illegal inside his car and was told that there was a quarter of a pound of marijuana and a newly purchased rifle, the document said. Upon searching the car, Chatys located the marijuana and rifle, along with several thousand dollars wrapped in a rubber band, authorities said. Galindo told authorities that Chatys told him he could be in a lot of trouble for the gun, drugs and money, but that he would give him a break because it was the holidays. The officer then took all the property and put it into his patrol vehicle, the document said. When Flores pleaded with him to be allowed to keep some of the money because she needed to pay Researchers Developing Breath Test For Pot A team at Washington State University is working to develop a breath test that could quickly determine whether a driver is under the influence of marijuana. Law enforcement officers already use preliminary breath tests in the field to estimate drivers' blood alcohol content. But no similar portable tool exists to test for marijuana impairment via a breath sample. WSU chemistry Professor Herbert Hill said that existing technologies -- including those already used rent, Chatys gave back several hundred dollars, estimated to be about $1,500, according to the report. The document added that Chatys told the pair he was letting them get away with too much already. He told them he intended to confiscate the marijuana but he would tell his supervisors he had simply found it and gun, they later told authorities. Chatys, a seven-year veteran of SAPD, put the remaining cash in his car and left the scene, the affidavit said. After leaving, however, Chatys went to his residence in the 1300 block of Range Field before returning to a separate call. The document said he never placed any of the confiscated items into the SAPD property room. Flores made a complaint to patrol supervisors against Chatys on Jan. 7. Concurrent investigations were opened by the depart- by airport security and customs agents to detect drugs and explosives -- can be repurposed to test breath for THC, the psychoactive component of marijuana. Hill said he and WSU doctoral student Jessica Tufariello are working on a handheld device that uses a technique called ion mobility spectrometry to detect THC in someone's breath. Right now, officers and prosecutors rely on blood tests to determine how much active THC is present in a driver's blood. Those test results aren't immediately available to patrol officers who suspect someone is driving high. Initiative 502, which legalized recreational marijuana ment's internal affairs and intelligence units. Officers executed a search warrant at Chatys residence, resulting in a warrant being issued for his arrest. Chatys has been placed on administrative leave, as is department protocol. Officers are still investigating the incident. "Actions like this have no place in the SAPD, said Anthony Treviño, SAPD s interim chief. That is why swift and decisive action was taken on this case when we became aware of it. Although the case reflects badly on one individual, it is not a reflection of the over 2000 officers of the SAPD who come to work day in and day out to do the job with pride and integrity." Chatys was booked into the Bexar County Jail late Thursday night. By 8:30 a.m. Friday, he had been released. use in Washington, set 5 nanograms of active THC per milliliter of blood as the legal limit at which a driver is automatically determined to be impaired. Initially, the marijuana breath test under development at WSU probably won't be able to pinpoint the level of THC in the body; it will only tell officers that some active THC is present, Hill said. Still, Hill said such a tool could prove helpful to officers as they decide whether to arrest a suspected impaired driver. "We believe at least initially that it would lower the false positives that an officer would have," Hill said. "They would have a higher level of confidence in making an arrest." Law enforcement agencies still would have to obtain follow-up test results to use as evidence in court, just as they do following a positive preliminary breath test for alcohol impairment.

26 VOLUME 7 ISSUE 1 Page 26 Featured Gang Profile No.61 - Born To Kill Territory: United States, New York City, Philadelphia, Canada Criminal activities: Drug trafficking, counterfeiting, contract killing, extortion, racketeering, money laundering, robbery, fraud and murder Born to Kill was the name of a notorious New York City-based street gang composed of firstgeneration Vietnamese immigrants. Their rise to power was in the 1980s when they ran New York City's Chinatown with an iron fist and quickly rose to become the most notorious Asian gang the country of the United States has ever witnessed.[1] The early 1990s proved to be detrimental to the Vietnamese collective following the arrest and prosecution of most of their New Quick Facts: Criminal activities: Drug trafficking, counterfeiting, contract killing, extortion, racketeering, money laundering, robbery, fraud and murder Number of members: Unknown Each issue we will profile a Gang York-based operatives by the fall of Born to Kill was founded by David Thai (born January 30, 1956). During the Fall of Saigon, Thai's father was arrested by communist forces but was still able to secure Thai's passage out of Vietnam, in which David Thai eventually left Vietnam in May of Sometime later, David Thai ended up in Indiana but eventually made his way to New York City. In 1983, for a short period of time, David Thai was in the Flying Dragons, and occasionally committed robberies but was never caught. Eventually, Thai left the Flying Dragons and branched out on his own, where he orchestrated a gathering of young Vietnamese gangsters who then called themselves the Canal Boys, but the gang's name would later be established as "Born to Kill" in 1988, which his gang adopted its name from the phrase American soldiers had on their helmets during the Vietnam War. The gang's prowess is often attributed to the chaotic environment of guns and drugs in Vietnam.[1] They are considered to be the most notorious and violent Asian gang known to date and were known to challenge the authority of established Chinatown gangs.[2] While identified by some as predominantly Vietnamese, Born to Kill consisted of New York native Vietnamese as well as immigrants new to the tri-state area. David Thai and his operations birthed the Canal Street counterfeit market and made it a worldwide tourist visit location for bootlegged items. In July 1990 there were believed to be as many as 80 active members in New York City and by October 1992, when their activities in Chinatown had diminished significantly, there were factions of the gang operating in the State of Georgia and Canada. Peak numbers in New York may have ranged as high as 100, with chapters of the gang operating in New Jersey, California and Texas. Gang members were tattooed with the initials B.T.K, a coffin and three candles, signifying no fear of dying. The gang's spread was more prevalent in areas with an established Vietnamese presence, including smaller cities such as Biloxi, Mississippi and larger cities such as Dallas, Texas. Once active in other cities and states, the gangs did not always maintain the same activities as they did in New York. In Sacramento, California, Born to Kill was active in less-visible areas such as computer-chip theft, as well as the sale of guns to young Vietnamese. Starting as enforcers for Triads and established Chinese organized crime groups such as Flying Dragons, the gang later on organized and distanced itself from the Chinese groups. They were and still are involved in the trafficking of heroin, prostitution, contract killing and extortion. They were embroiled in a violent conflict with the Chinese Ghost Shadows over turf of the lucrative activities. To this date they are still regarded as one of the most violent Asian organized crime groups ever active in New York City. While law enforcement dealt a major blow to the gang, the gang is still alleged to be active albeit not as omnipresent as they used to be. Chapters of the gang still operate in New York City and Philadelphia and are still involved in organized criminal activities.

27 Page 27 FBI Most - Top 5 JOSE MANUEL GARCIA GUEVARA JASON DERECK BROWN ALEXIS FLORES GLEN STEWART GODWIN ERIC FREIN for - 2nd Degree Murder - Aggravated Rape for - Murder - Armed Robbery for - Unlawful Flight to Avoid Prosecution - Kidnapping - Murder for - Murder - Escape for - Criminal Homicide of a Law Enforcement Office RCMP Most - Top 5 FERNANDO JIMELO DE CATRO KEVIN LOUIS VERMETTE STEVEN DOUGLAS SKINNER MAX EDWIN TUTIVEN SAWARAN SINGH SEKHON for Murder for Triple Murder for Second-Degree Murder For Second-Degree Murder For Second Degree Murder

28 FRATERNAL ORDER OF LAW ENFORCEMENT Page 28 Interpol Most - Top 5 FELICIEN KABUGA CARLOS ROBERT KEIL STEFAN WIEBOGEN SINDULFO BAREI VENIALGO JOSE ARMANDO RIVERA GOMEZ for - Genocide -War Crimes for - Crimes Against Children - Kidnapping for - Murder for - Crimes Against Children for - Crimes Against Children Warrant Issued by Rwanda Courts Warrant Issued by Albania, Elbasan Warrant Issued by Judicial Authorities. Austria Warrant Issued by Argentina, Buenos Aires Warrant Issued by Honduras, Trujillo Colon New Jersey State Corrections Officer Kills Girlfirend-Commits Suicide Authorities have identified the couple killed in a murdersuicide yesterday. The Essex County Prosecutor s Office confirmed today that Christina Prestianni, 37, and Christopher Minichini, 38, were found yesterday in the 300 block of Hillside Avenue, both suffering from apparent gunshot wounds. Authorities said they believe Minichini shot his live-in girlfriend, and then himself in an apparent murder-suicide. The investigation into the deaths is ongoing, and pending autopsy results, authorities said. Chief Anthony Ambrose also confirmed Friday that Minichini was 7- year veteran New Jersey state corrections officer. Authorities said the couple lived together, but did not have any children together. According to her LinkedIn and Facebook profiles, Prestianni owned and operated Pupcake Dog Grooming and Bakery in West Caldwell. Everyone that knew her loved her. She was beautiful on the inside and out, a friend who said she attended Bloomfield High School with the victim and asked not to be identified, said of Prestianni. She had a love for animals like no other. Friends flocked to Facebook to express their grief at the news of her death. "This makes no sense...we have lost a truly beautiful human being...your smile and your sweetness will never be forgotten by all, whether we have two legs, or four," one friend wrote. Another added, "RIP Christina. You were a wonderful person who's life was cut too short." Friends have also created a GoFundMe campaign to raise money to pay for her funeral. "A sudden tragedy took away a great daughter, sister and friend that everyone adored," the page reads. "She will be truly missed. Her kindness and love for people and animals will never be forgotten. She was full of life and was taken too soon from our lives." In five hours Friday morning,

29 Page 29 Contact Information Fraternal Order of Law Enforcement Staff National Director FOLE Consultant or Were on the web oflawenforcement.com Society questions the police and their methods, and the police say, Do you want the criminals off the street or not? Kurt Russell Richard Johns Richard Johns is a Law Enforcement Officer for Westbank First Nation, just outside of Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada. He is also an active Auxiliary RCMP Constable and is the Owner/Chief Instructor of Lionheart Tactical Training. Richard is a training instructor for several Law enforcement training associations and is the Canadian coordinator for the International Auxiliary Police Association. Prior to being in law enforcement Richard was a Corrections Officer at a Maximum Security Youth Corrections Facility, was the Supervisor of Security Operations for the largest 2 storey shopping center in Saskatchewan, was a licensed private investigator and owned a private security and investigation business. Bill Keefer William C. Keefer was a member of the 5th Combat Defense Squadron. an elite cadre of Security Policemen with the United States Air Force, Strategic Air Command. Subsequently, after 4 years of service, Keefer left the military and was hired by the United States Marshals Service. Trained by the U.S. Justice Department as well as the U.S. Treasury Department, moreover, training by the U.S. Army bomb school (E.O.D.), Fort MacArthur, as a U.S. Marshal. Keefer left the U.S. Marshals service after many years to do private investigation. Keefer then retired and is a global internet security consultant and an author of numerous copyrighted books on security and economics Mission Statement : The Fraternal Order of Law Enforcement was founded by former US Marshal William (Bill) C Keefer to keep law enforcement officers up to date with information on public safety, training and new products to aid in officer safety. This job has now been passed onto Richard Johns. Mr. Keefer is still a consultant. The people who make this world dangerous do not take a day off. Neither can we!! Fraternal Order of Law Enforcement

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