BIOBASED MATERIALS ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "BIOBASED MATERIALS ISSUES AND CHALLENGES"

Transcription

1 BIOBASED MATERIALS ISSUES AND CHALLENGES Giovanni CAMINO Politecnico of Torino, Alessandria Campus

2 CONTENTS Biosourcing definition and measurement Sustainability and Life Cycle Assessment Renewable Carbon source and biorefineries State of the art and perspectives: Four technologies generations

3 DEFINITIONS Materials confusing definitions still to be settled: - origin of material life: Bioplastic, Biopolymer, Biosourced.. - end of material life. Biodegradability, Compostability, Organic recyclability.. - mixed

4 DEFINITIONS Preferable: - Renewability: From renewable resources ASTM D the material must be organic and contain some percentage of recently fixed (new) carbon found in biological resources or crops. Proposed acronym for ReNewable ReSources: RNRS e.g. RNRS Polymers

5

6 ASTM-D General quantification of renewable C content Standard Test Method for Determining the Biobased Content of Solid, Liquid, and Gaseous Samples using Radiocarbon Analysis It is strictly for sourcing chemical compounds : fossil vs. renewable Renewably Sourced Carbon Total Organic Carbon Carbonates of natural mineral origin are to be excluded ASTM-D6866 is a standardization of radiocarbon dating methods used by archaeologists to determine the age of fossils. Used also for CO 2 regulation: analysis of stack effluent separate reporting of biogenic vs fossil CO 2 emissions BETA Radiocarbon Dating

7

8

9 RENEWABLE MATERIAL VS NEW CARBON CONTENT Renewable Material content is not renewable C EXAMPLE Our new partyware solves the problem by being 100% compostable! It is high-heat tolerant, biodegradable, compostable and attractive cutlery made from 80% potato or corn starch and 20% soy or other vegetable oils. Biobased materials, what s next? BUT: Steve Mojo-BPI Exec. Director

10

11 RNRS POLYMERS by ORIGIN /PRODUCTION RNRS EXTRACTED FROM BIOMASS PRODUCED BY MICROORGANISMS THE QUESTION IS: ARE RNRS MATERIALS SUSTAINABLE? Biobased materials, what s next?

12 CONTENTS Biosourcing definition and measurement Sustainability and Life Cycle Assessment Renewable Carbon source and biorefineries State of the art and perspectives: Four technologies generations

13 SUSTAINABILITY «Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs» How can it be measured? by Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) ISO 14040/ASTM D7075 TARGET: SUSTAINABLE RENEWABILITY

14 Cradle to Grave

15

16

17

18

19 LOCATION DEPENDENCE Biobased materials, what s next?

20 THE MIXING TRIANGLE Journal of Industrial Ecology 3 (2010)

21 LCA Biobased materials, what s next? LCA is key point in evaluation of sustainability Environmental impact parameters are becoming relevant commercial and regulation issues LCA data must be described as any other scientific result: - Refrain from showing «convenient» histograms only - Describe method, basic hypothesis - Results must be validated by third body

22 CONTENTS Biosourcing definition and measurement Sustainability and Life Cycle Assessment Renewable Carbon source and biorefineries State of the art and perspectives: Four technologies generations

23 CARBON SOURCE Biobased materials, what s next?

24 CARBON SOURCE FROM BIOMASS TO OIL AND BACK FISCHER-TROPSCH 1920 OIL (1859) 1940 (2n + 1) H 2 + n CO CnH(2n+2) + n H2O n = 10-20

25

26 WHAT IS NEW? CHEMISTRY/BIOCHEMISTRY ORGANIC CATALYSTS: ENZYMES (PROTEINS) CHEMISTRY INORGANIC CATALYSTS

27

28

29 FROM BIOMASS TO CHEMICALS, FUEL, PLASTICS Biobased materials, what s next? J.M. Raquez, Bioplastics Conference, Rivalta, Italy, 2013

30 CARBON SOURCE ISSUES Organic substances essential for fuel, materials They are Carbon based compounds Chemistry can produce them from any C source Early industrial chemistry: C from biomass through chemical processes e.g. Fischer Tropsch Oil exploitation supplied cheaper C source Today concern regarding oil, turns interest to biomasses using chemistry, biochemistry and Genetics

31 RENEWABLE CARBON DRIVING ISSUES Size of oil reserve - Unknown: availability assured for 20 years by oil companies exploitation policy Access to oil rich regions, political instability Increase and volatility of oil cost - trade-off at ca. 100 US$/barrell

32

33

34 CONTENTS Biosourcing definition and measurement Sustainability and Life Cycle Assessment Renewable Carbon source and biorefineries State of the art and perspectives: Four technologies generations

35

36 ENERGY-CHEMISTRY COMPETITION FUELS RNRS C CHEMICALS SUBSTANCES PLASTICS ENERGY BY C, H OXIDATION is not sustainable but not yet avoidable

37 1st GENERATION RNRS CHEMICALS Food culture: mais, soja, palm, sugar cane.. Sugar, Starch, Oils Biobased materials, what s next?

38 1st GENERATION RNRS Biobased materials, what s next?

39 RNRS C LAND USE IN 2011 AND FORECAST 2016 Biobased materials, what s next?

40 1st GENERATION RNRS CHEMICALS /FOOD CONFLICT Biobased materials, what s next?

41

42

43

44

45 2nd GENERATION RNRS CHEMICALS Biobased materials, what s next? Non food lignocellulosic biomasses and agricultural food waste processing sugars, lignin processing/biocatalysis chemicals, materials

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60 NOT ONLY BIOFUEL ALSO MATERIALS

61

62 LIGNIN CONVERSION PROCESS Biobased materials, what s next?

63

64 Turning challenges into opportunities The present polymer science and technology know how allows design and production of materials suitable to any demand Industrial economy makes large production polymer materials chemical structure renewal not feasible Implementation of RNRS C chemical platforms makes it possible to design more advantageous properties balance structures

65

66

67

68

69 RNRS C MULTIDSCIPLINARY INTEGRATED APPROACH Chemistry/Biochemistry/Agronomy

70 2 nd GENERATION RNRS C AGRICULTURAL ISSUES Biobased materials, what s next? YES STOVERS CORN COBS NO STRAW RICE AND WHEAT

71 3rd GENERATION RNRS CHEMICALS Increase yield of RNRS C by plants design, selection, genetic modifications or Algae exploitation 1,500-8,000 gal/acre/year

72 3rd GENERATION RNRS CHEMICALS Biobased materials, what s next?

73

74

75 4rth GENERATION RNRS CHEMICALS Genetically modified algae to convert CO 2 into ethyl alcohol Ethanol from blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) most active photo synthetic organism, genetically modified to enhance production of enzymes to channel C to ethanol WO 2008/ A2

76

77 RNRS POLIMERS - WEAK POINTS Nanocomposites Nanofillers Multyphase systems -Poor thermal stability -Poor gas barrier -Poor mechanical strength -Low melt viscosity - RNRS Polymers

78 RENEWABLE CARBON DRIVING ISSUES Size of oil reserve - Unknown: availability assured for 20 years by oil companies exploitation policy Access to oil rich regions, political instability Increase and volatility of oil cost - trade-off at ca. 100 US$/barrell WILL SHALE GAS-OIL DOWNSIZE TODAY S CONCERNS?

79 SHALE OIL Biobased materials, what s next?

80 SHALE GAS Biobased materials, what s next?

81 SHALE OIL - GAS Biobased materials, what s next?

82 SHALE OIL Biobased materials, what s next?

83 SHALE OIL Biobased materials, what s next?

84

85

86

87 LCA Biobased materials, what s next?

88 LCA Biobased materials, what s next?

89 LCA Biobased materials, what s next?

90 LCA Biobased materials, what s next?

91 CONCLUSIONS Polymer materials from renewable resources through sustainable chemical, biochemical processes without food competitions is shown to be industrially possible as yet Technologies are developing which will improve the environmental benefits of renewable Carbon use Sustainability of C chemical Industry is improving under pressure by concern for expected oil shortage and restricted availability

production combination is ethanol (low value) and succinic acid (high value), together with acetic acid and electricity as co-products.

production combination is ethanol (low value) and succinic acid (high value), together with acetic acid and electricity as co-products. Summary The increasing world energy demand, depletion and unequal distribution of fossil resources, and the dangers caused by climate change are the driving forces for the development of alternative energy

More information

From Biomass. NREL Leads the Way. to Biofuels

From Biomass. NREL Leads the Way. to Biofuels From Biomass NREL Leads the Way to Biofuels The Wide World of Biofuels Fuel Source Benefits Maturity Grain/Sugar Ethanol Biodiesel Corn, sorghum, and sugarcane Vegetable oils, fats, and greases Produces

More information

The sunliquid process - cellulosic ethanol from agricultural residues. Dr. Markus Rarbach Group Biotechnology Biofuels & Derivatives

The sunliquid process - cellulosic ethanol from agricultural residues. Dr. Markus Rarbach Group Biotechnology Biofuels & Derivatives The sunliquid process - cellulosic ethanol from agricultural residues Dr. Markus Rarbach Group Biotechnology Biofuels & Derivatives 2 A globally leading company in specialty chemicals 6 116 235 4 Sales

More information

Business strategy: dal progetto Pro.E.Sa agli investimenti per la realizzazione degli impianti

Business strategy: dal progetto Pro.E.Sa agli investimenti per la realizzazione degli impianti Business strategy: dal progetto Pro.E.Sa agli investimenti per la realizzazione degli impianti Business strategy: from the Pro.E.Sa project to the investments for plants constructions Ing. Dario Giordano,

More information

DuPont Renewably Sourced Materials

DuPont Renewably Sourced Materials DuPont Renewably Sourced Materials The Renewably Sourced Process DuPont is bringing nature and science together to convert agricultural crop to high performance materials and fuels. Microbes transform

More information

The U.S. Industry Perspective on Assessing Sustainability of Bio-based Products

The U.S. Industry Perspective on Assessing Sustainability of Bio-based Products The U.S. Industry Perspective on Assessing Sustainability of Bio-based Products The World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology & Bioprocessing June 29, 2010 Rina Singh, PhD Director Policy Industrial and

More information

Biorefineries and Biomass: Options for the Chemical Industry

Biorefineries and Biomass: Options for the Chemical Industry Biorefineries and Biomass: Options for the Chemical Industry German Association of Biotechnology Industries within the German Chemical Industry Association Frankfurt am Main, Germany DIB Profile DEUTSCHE

More information

Future production of biomass for fuels and chemicals. Claus Felby Faculty of Life Sciences University of Copenhagen

Future production of biomass for fuels and chemicals. Claus Felby Faculty of Life Sciences University of Copenhagen Future production of biomass for fuels and chemicals Claus Felby Faculty of Life Sciences University of Copenhagen Biomass instead of oil? Biomass for energy is our current largest source of renewable

More information

Grön plast -- polyeten från biomassa

Grön plast -- polyeten från biomassa Grön plast -- polyeten från biomassa BIOPLAST DTU 17 February 2009 Thomas Hjertberg Chalmers / Borealis Why produce polymers from renewable feed stock? 1. Decrease the oil dependence; price & availability

More information

DOE Office of Biological & Environmental Research: Biofuels Strategic Plan

DOE Office of Biological & Environmental Research: Biofuels Strategic Plan DOE Office of Biological & Environmental Research: Biofuels Strategic Plan I. Current Situation The vast majority of liquid transportation fuel used in the United States is derived from fossil fuels. In

More information

Global business from research in the BioRefine and Water areas. Dr. Heidi Fagerholm Chief Technology Officer

Global business from research in the BioRefine and Water areas. Dr. Heidi Fagerholm Chief Technology Officer Global business from research in the BioRefine and Water areas Dr. Heidi Fagerholm Chief Technology Officer November 26 th, 2012 Our purpose: Reducing the gap between global water demand and supply 2 A

More information

INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY. Production hosts for real-life feedstock utilization

INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY. Production hosts for real-life feedstock utilization Selection of production hosts for real-life feedstock utilization Karl Rumbold (karl.rumbold@tno.nl) INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY Industrial Biotechnology is the application of biotechnology for the processing

More information

Biorefineries. International status quo and future directions. Ed de Jong / Rene van Ree

Biorefineries. International status quo and future directions. Ed de Jong / Rene van Ree Biorefineries International status quo and future directions Ed de Jong / Rene van Ree Contents 1. Biobased Economy 2. Biorefineries - Definition 3. Biorefineries - Categories 4. Biorefineries - Objective

More information

Process Technology. Advanced bioethanol production and renewable energy generation from ligno-cellulosic materials, biomass waste and residues

Process Technology. Advanced bioethanol production and renewable energy generation from ligno-cellulosic materials, biomass waste and residues Process Technology Advanced bioethanol production and renewable energy generation from ligno-cellulosic materials, biomass waste and residues The INEOS Bio process technology produces carbon-neutral bioethanol

More information

Biorefineries in Poland. prof of PIMOT Krzysztof Biernat Ph.D. (Mech.Eng.) Presented by Katarzyna Wawryniuk M.Sc. (Eng.)

Biorefineries in Poland. prof of PIMOT Krzysztof Biernat Ph.D. (Mech.Eng.) Presented by Katarzyna Wawryniuk M.Sc. (Eng.) Biorefineries in Poland prof of PIMOT Krzysztof Biernat Ph.D. (Mech.Eng.) Presented by Katarzyna Wawryniuk M.Sc. (Eng.) Dear colleagues, I would like to apologize that I can not personally deliver the

More information

Harvesting energy with fertilizers

Harvesting energy with fertilizers Harvesting energy with fertilizers Sustainable agriculture in Europe 1 Harvesting energy with fertilizers The reason for agriculture s existence is to supply energy to mankind. Agriculture converts solar

More information

Biowaste Biorefinery for the integrated chemical and energy production from organic waste and byproducts

Biowaste Biorefinery for the integrated chemical and energy production from organic waste and byproducts LABMEETING-RIFIUTI - 22 maggio 2014 - RAVENNA2014 Biowaste Biorefinery for the integrated chemical and energy production from organic waste and byproducts Fabio Fava PhD, Dr.h.c., Professor School of Engineering,

More information

DSM Position on Sustainable Biomass

DSM Position on Sustainable Biomass Corporate Public Affairs Het Overloon 1, 6411 TE Heerlen, the Netherlands www.dsm.com April 2012 DSM Position on Sustainable Biomass Key messages DSM is a leading Life Sciences and Materials Sciences company

More information

GDChVCW Konferenz February 28, 2013

GDChVCW Konferenz February 28, 2013 GDChVCW Konferenz February 28, 2013 VON MEGATRENDS ZU INNOVATIVER CHEMIE Public Martin Vollmer Group Technology Services 28.02.2013 2 Table of Contents Facts & Figures, Clariant s Businesses 3 Megatrends

More information

Consumer Products Made with Industrial Biotechnology

Consumer Products Made with Industrial Biotechnology s Made with Industrial Biotechnology Consumer Bread Potassium bromate, a suspected cancer-causing agent at certain levels, added as a preservative and a dough strengthening agent microorganisms produces

More information

Antonio Di Giulio Head of Unit E1 Directorate-General Research & Innovation European Commission

Antonio Di Giulio Head of Unit E1 Directorate-General Research & Innovation European Commission Antonio Di Giulio Head of Unit E1 Directorate-General Research & Innovation European Commission Building bioeconomy in Europe http://ec.europa.eu/research/bioeconomy/ Building Bioeconomy in Europe Issues

More information

Using Straw and MSW for Biorefineries in Denmark Technical Developments and Demonstration Activities

Using Straw and MSW for Biorefineries in Denmark Technical Developments and Demonstration Activities FACULTY OF SCIENCE Using Straw and MSW for Biorefineries in Denmark Technical Developments and Demonstration Activities Henning Jørgensen Department of Geosciences and Nature Ressource Management Faculty

More information

Ricardo-AEA. Biofuels feedstocks and conversion technology overview. Presentation to New Energy Forum Event. Biofuels, where next?

Ricardo-AEA. Biofuels feedstocks and conversion technology overview. Presentation to New Energy Forum Event. Biofuels, where next? Ricardo-AEA Biofuels feedstocks and conversion technology overview Presentation to New Energy Forum Event Biofuels, where next? Judith Bates London, 10 th July, 2013 www.ricardo-aea.com 2 Biofuels feedstocks

More information

Fig A 9 Environmental, social and economic aspect from biofuels production Source: IEA (2011)(International Energy Agency, 2011)

Fig A 9 Environmental, social and economic aspect from biofuels production Source: IEA (2011)(International Energy Agency, 2011) Second and third generation of biofuels i 1. Introduction Biofuels can be classified into 3 generations: First, second and third generation The 2 nd generation biodiesel includes liquid fuels derived from

More information

Biorefinery concepts in the paper industry

Biorefinery concepts in the paper industry Biorefinery concepts in the paper industry Graziano Elegir, Tullia Maifreni, Daniele Bussini Innovhub, Paper Division Azienda Speciale della Camera di Commercio di Milano OUTLINE General aspects on the

More information

UNDERSTANDING BIOBASED CARBON CONTENT

UNDERSTANDING BIOBASED CARBON CONTENT UNDERSTANDING BIOBASED CARBON CONTENT Society of the Plastics Industry Bioplastics Council February 2012 www.bioplasticscouncil.org COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER This report is copyright 2011, The Society of

More information

What is biodegradation? What are the different types of degradable plastics? What is oxo-biodegradation?

What is biodegradation? What are the different types of degradable plastics? What is oxo-biodegradation? What is biodegradation? Biodegradation is the process by which organic substances are broken down by living organisms (96% of Bacteria are aerobic - active in the presence of oxygen). There is therefore

More information

Renewable energy in transport

Renewable energy in transport Renewable energy in transport Source: http://worldwideed.staradvertiserblogs.com/2009/11/23/fun-day-monday-free-transport-from-naia-airport World transport energy use is growing rapidly Source: IEA Energy

More information

Development of BIOMASS Supply and Demand in the PRIMES Energy Model

Development of BIOMASS Supply and Demand in the PRIMES Energy Model Development of BIOMASS Supply and Demand in the PRIMES Energy Model 1. Introduction The work performed so far has involved the following tasks: 1. Specification of the biomass module 2. Development of

More information

Groupwork CCS. Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) Platzhalter Logo/Schriftzug (Anpassung im Folienmaster: Menü «Ansicht» «Folienmaster»)

Groupwork CCS. Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) Platzhalter Logo/Schriftzug (Anpassung im Folienmaster: Menü «Ansicht» «Folienmaster») Groupwork CCS Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) group 5 02.05.2015 1 Content What is BECCS? Stakeholder Analysis Resources on Global scale SWOT analysis Climate BECCS Technology Conclusions Outlook group 5 02.05.2015

More information

glare control fabrics manufactured from plants THE FIRST SUNSCREEN FABRIC IN THE WORLD WITH CRADLE TO CRADLE CERTIFIED GOLD

glare control fabrics manufactured from plants THE FIRST SUNSCREEN FABRIC IN THE WORLD WITH CRADLE TO CRADLE CERTIFIED GOLD glare control fabrics manufactured from plants THE FIRST SUNSCREEN FABRIC IN THE WORLD WITH CRADLE TO CRADLE CERTIFIED GOLD M + N PROJECTEN HAS DEVELOPED A NEW GENERATION OF GLARE CONTROL FABRICS THAT

More information

Product sustainability in the water based polymers industry

Product sustainability in the water based polymers industry Product sustainability in the water based polymers industry The VINAVIL case Marco Cerra Vinavil S.p.A. R&S ITALIAN SITUATION : IMAGE OF CHEMISTRY Chemistry is not perceived today as sustainable for three

More information

1. COMMERCIAL COMPOSTING OVERVIEW 2. COMPOSTABLE VS. BIODEGRADABLE 3. ECO LABELS WHAT TO LOOK FOR

1. COMMERCIAL COMPOSTING OVERVIEW 2. COMPOSTABLE VS. BIODEGRADABLE 3. ECO LABELS WHAT TO LOOK FOR 1 COMMERCIAL COMPOSTING, GREEN-WASHING AND ECO LABELS 1. COMMERCIAL COMPOSTING OVERVIEW 2. COMPOSTABLE VS. BIODEGRADABLE 3. ECO LABELS WHAT TO LOOK FOR 2 Commercial Composting What is it? Commercial composting

More information

Biofuels for Transportation. Dr Kate Haigh, Prof Johann Görgens, Process Engineering

Biofuels for Transportation. Dr Kate Haigh, Prof Johann Görgens, Process Engineering Biofuels for Transportation Dr Kate Haigh, Prof Johann Görgens, Process Engineering Why Biofuels? Besides electricity, transport is the biggest CO 2 emitter in South Africa Due to Sasol s coal processes

More information

FAPESP Bioenergy Research Program BIOEN. http://bioenfapesp.org

FAPESP Bioenergy Research Program BIOEN. http://bioenfapesp.org FAPESP Bioenergy Research Program BIOEN http://bioenfapesp.org FAPESP Bioenergy Research Program BIOEN Fundamental knowledge and new technologies Academic Basic and Applied Research Since 2009, 152 grants,

More information

Gasification: An Old Technology for a New Use

Gasification: An Old Technology for a New Use Gasification: An Old Technology for a New Use Sponsored by: Joel Tallaksen, Biomass Coordinator West Central Research & Outreach Center, University of Minnesota Fueling the Future: The Role of Woody and

More information

BREAD4PLA PROJECT. Demonstration plant project to produce Poly-Lactic Acid (PLA) biopolymer from waste products of bakery industry

BREAD4PLA PROJECT. Demonstration plant project to produce Poly-Lactic Acid (PLA) biopolymer from waste products of bakery industry BREAD4PLA PROJECT Demonstration plant project to produce Poly-Lactic Acid (PLA) biopolymer from waste products of bakery industry Reducing plastic waste through the obtaining of 100% biodegradable and

More information

Bio-based polymers. Irina Voevodina, Andrej Kržan

Bio-based polymers. Irina Voevodina, Andrej Kržan Bio-based polymers Irina Voevodina, Andrej Kržan 1 Recently great attention is given to the concept of sustainable development. The most widely accepted definition of sustainable development is development

More information

Municipal Solid Waste Used as Bioethanol Sources and its Related Environmental Impacts

Municipal Solid Waste Used as Bioethanol Sources and its Related Environmental Impacts International Journal of Soil, Sediment and Water Documenting the Cutting Edge of Environmental Stewardship Volume 1 Issue 1 Article 5 7-14-2008 Municipal Solid Waste Used as Bioethanol Sources and its

More information

Production of 2nd generation bioethanol from lucerne with optimized hydrothermal pretreatment

Production of 2nd generation bioethanol from lucerne with optimized hydrothermal pretreatment Downloaded from orbit.dtu.dk on: Feb 03, 2016 Production of 2nd generation bioethanol from lucerne with optimized hydrothermal pretreatment Thomsen, Sune Tjalfe; Ambye-Jensen, Morten; Schmidt, Jens Ejbye

More information

Green chemistry in South Korea

Green chemistry in South Korea IA Seoul Yewon Cha, Info: http://www.agentschapnl.nl/ia-netwerk Green chemistry in South Korea Introduction When the terminology bio-based economy was first introduced in Korea, it referred to life science

More information

Chair of Chemistry of Biogenic Resources TU München - R&D activities -

Chair of Chemistry of Biogenic Resources TU München - R&D activities - Chair of Chemistry of Biogenic Resources TU München - R&D activities - Chair of Chemistry of Biogenic Resources Schulgasse 18, 94315 Straubing, Germany Sieber@tum.de www.rohstoffwandel.de Locations Freising

More information

Bioremediation of Petroleum Contamination. Augustine Ifelebuegu GE413

Bioremediation of Petroleum Contamination. Augustine Ifelebuegu GE413 Bioremediation of Petroleum Contamination Augustine Ifelebuegu GE413 Bioremediation Bioremediation is the use of living microorganisms to degrade environmental contaminants in the soil and groundwater

More information

Study Plan. MASTER IN (Energy Management) (Thesis Track)

Study Plan. MASTER IN (Energy Management) (Thesis Track) Plan 2005 T Study Plan MASTER IN (Energy Management) (Thesis Track) A. General Rules and Conditions: 1. This plan conforms to the regulations of the general frame of the programs of graduate studies. 2.

More information

Cultivation of seaweed biomass for nutrients and energy

Cultivation of seaweed biomass for nutrients and energy Marine Ingredients Conference, Oslo 23-24.September 2013 Cultivation of seaweed biomass for nutrients and energy Jorunn Skjermo, Silje Forbord, Ole Jacob Broch, Kjell Inge Reitan, Roar Solbakken, Kristine

More information

I M GREEN TM POLYETHYLENE INNOVATION AND DIFFERENTIATION FOR YOUR PRODUCT

I M GREEN TM POLYETHYLENE INNOVATION AND DIFFERENTIATION FOR YOUR PRODUCT may/2014 imgreen@braskem.com www.braskem.com I M GREEN TM POLYETHYLENE INNOVATION AND DIFFERENTIATION FOR YOUR PRODUCT and be innovative I m green TM Polyethylene: biopolymer that offers versatility and

More information

PROESA TECHNOLOGY. Break-through Technology for Producing Advanced Bio-Fuels and Renewable Chemicals from Cellulosic Biomass.

PROESA TECHNOLOGY. Break-through Technology for Producing Advanced Bio-Fuels and Renewable Chemicals from Cellulosic Biomass. PROESA TECHNOLOGY Break-through Technology for Producing Advanced Bio-Fuels and Renewable Chemicals from Cellulosic Biomass September 2012 PROESA: A Proven Technology.. Commercially Viable Today Not a

More information

Sustainable production of biogas and bioethanol from waste

Sustainable production of biogas and bioethanol from waste Sustainable production of biogas and bioethanol from waste Waste - Resources on the wrong way Jens Ejbye Schmidt Head of programme NRG Biomass & Bioenergy Biosystem Division Risø The Technical University

More information

Integrating a Renewable Energy Degree into an Existing Mechanical Engineering Program

Integrating a Renewable Energy Degree into an Existing Mechanical Engineering Program Integrating a Renewable Energy Degree into an Existing Mechanical Engineering Program Corey Jones, Robert Rogers, John Anderson Department of Mechanical Engineering Oregon Institute of Technology Klamath

More information

Green Energy in Europe - Potentials and Prospects

Green Energy in Europe - Potentials and Prospects Green Energy in Europe - Potentials and Prospects Gerfried Jungmeier, JOANNEUM RESEARCH, Austria Tel: +43 (0) 316 876 1313 Fax: +43 (0) 316 876 1320 e-mail: gerfried.jungmeier@joanneum.at www.joanneum.at

More information

Bioethanol the third way

Bioethanol the third way Bioethanol the third way decentral production of biofuels in biorefinery clusters for sustainability and economy Douwe-Frits Broens, Beethanol BV Beethanol BV - introduction Building medium size bio-ethanol

More information

The IMES Master Programme

The IMES Master Programme The IMES Master Programme The IMES Master Programme is built to reach the main goal of the Master, which is to provide to the students the professional skills required for private or public entities undertaking

More information

Optimising Sugarcane Trash Management for Biofuels Production in Australia and Brazil

Optimising Sugarcane Trash Management for Biofuels Production in Australia and Brazil Optimising Sugarcane Trash Management for Biofuels Production in Australia and Brazil L. CERQUEIRA 1, L.A. EDYE 2, M.K. WEGENER 3, F. SCARPARE 4 and M.A. RENOUF 5 1 Queensland University of Technology,

More information

VOLUME VERSUS VALUE- EXPERIENCES OF THE DUTCH BIOWASTE SECTOR. Ton Bastein

VOLUME VERSUS VALUE- EXPERIENCES OF THE DUTCH BIOWASTE SECTOR. Ton Bastein VOLUME VERSUS VALUE- EXPERIENCES OF THE DUTCH BIOWASTE SECTOR Ton Bastein Contents Circular Economy: Opportunities for the Netherlands Based on TNO study Focus on current and potential future value of

More information

Bio-economy between Food and non Food: The Italian Way

Bio-economy between Food and non Food: The Italian Way Bio-economy between Food and non Food: The Italian Way Bio-economy in Europe András Sebők Chairman of Research and Development Expert Group of Food&DrinkEurope Bio-economy concept An approach for integrating

More information

New Energy Solutions from Biosciences: Research Activities at the Energy Biosciences Institute

New Energy Solutions from Biosciences: Research Activities at the Energy Biosciences Institute New Energy Solutions from Biosciences: Research Activities at the Energy Biosciences Institute BioRefine Annual Seminar November 2, 2011 Dr. Susan Jenkins, Managing Director The Energy Bioscience Institute

More information

A REVIEW ON SECOND GENERATION BIOFUEL: A COMPARISON OF ITS CARBON FOOTPRINTS ABSTRACT

A REVIEW ON SECOND GENERATION BIOFUEL: A COMPARISON OF ITS CARBON FOOTPRINTS ABSTRACT A REVIEW ON SECOND GENERATION BIOFUEL: A COMPARISON OF ITS CARBON FOOTPRINTS B. K. Highina, I. M. Bugaje Department of Chemical Engineering University of Maiduguri, Borno State, NIGERIA & B. Umar Department

More information

Renewables-based Chemicals

Renewables-based Chemicals Renewables-based Chemicals From raw material opportunities to increased performance Markus Piepenbrink, Global New Business Development, Chemical Intermediates BASF BASF We create chemistry Our chemistry

More information

Life-Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Corn Ethanol with the GREET Model

Life-Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Corn Ethanol with the GREET Model Life-Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Corn Ethanol with the GREET Model Michael Wang Systems Assessment Group Energy Systems Division Argonne National Laboratory EESI Congressional Briefing September

More information

Second generation bioethanol: challenges and perspectives. Dr. Andre Koltermann, Group Vice President, Central R&D, Süd-Chemie AG

Second generation bioethanol: challenges and perspectives. Dr. Andre Koltermann, Group Vice President, Central R&D, Süd-Chemie AG Second generation bioethanol: challenges and perspectives Dr. Andre Koltermann, Group Vice President, Central R&D, Süd-Chemie AG Wien, October 15, 2009 Seite 1 For over 150 years Süd-Chemie observe sustainable

More information

THE COST OF LIGNOCELLULOSIC SUGAR FOR COMMODITY CHEMICAL PRODUCTION. Mark F. Ruth, Robert J. Wooley

THE COST OF LIGNOCELLULOSIC SUGAR FOR COMMODITY CHEMICAL PRODUCTION. Mark F. Ruth, Robert J. Wooley THE COST OF LIGNOCELLULOSIC SUGAR FOR COMMODITY CHEMICAL PRODUCTION Mark F. Ruth, Robert J. Wooley National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden, CO 80401 ABSTRACT Currently, some commodity

More information

USDA Loans, Loan Guarantees, and Grants for Rural Energy Projects

USDA Loans, Loan Guarantees, and Grants for Rural Energy Projects August 20, 2009 USDA Loans, Loan Guarantees, and Grants for Rural Energy Projects Opportunities for Renewable Energy Companies and Suppliers The U.S. Department of Agriculture ( USDA ) has established

More information

Asian Biomass Center for Sustainable Biomass Utilization in Asian Countries

Asian Biomass Center for Sustainable Biomass Utilization in Asian Countries Asian Biomass Center for Sustainable Biomass Utilization in Asian Countries Kinya Sakanishi Biomass Technology Research Center(BTRC), AIST, Hiroshima 737-0197, Japan Green Green Biomass for Blue Earth

More information

Papapostolou 1, E. Kondili 1, J.K. Kaldellis 2

Papapostolou 1, E. Kondili 1, J.K. Kaldellis 2 Technological and Environmental Impacts Evaluation of Biomass and Biofuels Supply Chain Papapostolou 1, E. Kondili 1, J.K. Kaldellis 2 1 Optimisation of Production Systems Lab 2 Soft Energy Applications

More information

Fact sheet on bioplastics

Fact sheet on bioplastics Fact sheet on bioplastics March 2009 Bioplastics are increasingly in the news in the packaging sphere as they add new features to the diverse spectrum of plastics materials. Their development is linked

More information

Briefing Paper: What are Conversion Technologies? November 2011 Primary Author: Bob Barrows

Briefing Paper: What are Conversion Technologies? November 2011 Primary Author: Bob Barrows Briefing Paper: What are Conversion Technologies? November 2011 Primary Author: Bob Barrows What are conversion technologies? The term conversion technology encompasses a broad range of technologies used

More information

Introduction to our Business in Valmet. Marita Niemelä VP, Strategy Pulp & Energy 20 August 2014

Introduction to our Business in Valmet. Marita Niemelä VP, Strategy Pulp & Energy 20 August 2014 Introduction to our Business in Valmet Marita Niemelä VP, Strategy Pulp & Energy 20 August 2014 Valmet in brief Metso Demerger Two independent stock listed companies Metso is a global supplier of technology

More information

Satellite Earth Observation - Educational initiatives of Belgian Science Policy 10 YEARS OF IMAGING SOUTH AMERICA SPOT VEGETATION

Satellite Earth Observation - Educational initiatives of Belgian Science Policy 10 YEARS OF IMAGING SOUTH AMERICA SPOT VEGETATION Agrofuels and the Rainforest The agrofuels boom A number of Latin and Central American countries (namely Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador and Guatemala) are currently experiencing

More information

BBI JU Calls 2015 Strategic priorities, content and timing. Agata PIENIADZ BBI JU Project Manager Info Day, 26 June 2015

BBI JU Calls 2015 Strategic priorities, content and timing. Agata PIENIADZ BBI JU Project Manager Info Day, 26 June 2015 BBI JU Calls 2015 Strategic priorities, content and timing Agata PIENIADZ BBI JU Project Manager Info Day, 26 June 2015 Content Introduction Value Chains, Priorities, Types of Actions Flagship Call (2015.1)

More information

Ethanol Fuelling a New Market for Triticale

Ethanol Fuelling a New Market for Triticale Ethanol Fuelling a New Market for Triticale Christopher Green, Senova Ltd (formerly SW Seed Ltd) Given by Ad Vrolijk, SW Seed BV 6 th International Triticale Symposium Stellenbosch, September 2006 Why

More information

AGRICULTURE FOR FOOD AND FOR BIOENEGY: IS IT POSSIBLE?

AGRICULTURE FOR FOOD AND FOR BIOENEGY: IS IT POSSIBLE? GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE BIOENERGY PROJECT AGRICULTURE FOR FOOD AND FOR BIOENEGY: IS IT POSSIBLE? Dr. Rodolfo Quintero-Ramírez March 24 th, 2010 Sao Paulo, Brazil ? FOOD ANIMAL FEED AGRICULTURE BIOENERGY BIOPRODUCTS

More information

Assignment 8: Comparison of gasification, pyrolysis and combustion

Assignment 8: Comparison of gasification, pyrolysis and combustion AALTO UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY KE-40.4120 Introduction to biorefineries and biofuels Assignment 8: Comparison of gasification, pyrolysis and combustion Aino Siirala 309141 Assignment submitted

More information

Sugarcane Polyolefins Adding value through the use of I m green Polyethylene. Marco Jansen January 2014

Sugarcane Polyolefins Adding value through the use of I m green Polyethylene. Marco Jansen January 2014 Sugarcane Polyolefins Adding value through the use of I m green Polyethylene Marco Jansen January 2014 AGENDA Braskem overview Brazil unique framework for green chemistry development Sugar cane based polyethylene:

More information

Uusiutuvien teknologioiden kehittäminen yhteistyössä partnereiden kanssa

Uusiutuvien teknologioiden kehittäminen yhteistyössä partnereiden kanssa Uusiutuvien teknologioiden kehittäminen yhteistyössä partnereiden kanssa Jussi Mäntyniemi Technology and R&D Director Valmet Valmet s technology and services offering Transforming renewable raw materials

More information

GREEN CHEMISTRY HIGH SCHOOL TEST QUESTIONS www.acs.org/greenchemistry

GREEN CHEMISTRY HIGH SCHOOL TEST QUESTIONS www.acs.org/greenchemistry 1. Green chemistry aims to? a) Design chemical products and process that maximize profits b) Design safer chemical products and processes that reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances

More information

A Hybrid Catalytic Route to Fuels from Biomass Syngas Alice Havill Senior Process Engineer Project Principle Investigator

A Hybrid Catalytic Route to Fuels from Biomass Syngas Alice Havill Senior Process Engineer Project Principle Investigator A Hybrid Catalytic Route to Fuels from Biomass Syngas Alice Havill Senior Process Engineer Project Principle Investigator LanzaTech. All rights reserved. BETO s Project Peer Review, March 2015 Alexandria,

More information

The Processes of Life. Bicester Community College Science Department

The Processes of Life. Bicester Community College Science Department B4 The Processes of Life B4 Key Questions How do chemical reactions take place in living things? How do plants make food? How do living organisms obtain energy? How do chemical reactions take place in

More information

Biodegradable polymers and plastics. Andrej Kržan

Biodegradable polymers and plastics. Andrej Kržan Biodegradable polymers and plastics Andrej Kržan 1 Plastics are typically composed of artificial synthetic polymers. Their structure is not naturally occurring, so plastics are not biodegradable. Based

More information

Cellular Respiration: Practice Questions #1

Cellular Respiration: Practice Questions #1 Cellular Respiration: Practice Questions #1 1. Which statement best describes one of the events taking place in the chemical reaction? A. Energy is being stored as a result of aerobic respiration. B. Fermentation

More information

Ethanol Fuel. Biomass to Chemicals and Fuels: Science, Technology and Public Policy.

Ethanol Fuel. Biomass to Chemicals and Fuels: Science, Technology and Public Policy. Ethanol Fuel Biomass to Chemicals and Fuels: Science, Technology and Public Policy. September 25-26, 2006 Rice University Marcelo E. Dias de Oliveira University of Florida Washington State University.

More information

Basics. Energy from the sun, via photosynthesis in plants

Basics. Energy from the sun, via photosynthesis in plants Biomass Basics Energy from the sun, via photosynthesis in plants This is the same energy we use as food This is the same energy that made fossil fuels; fossil fuels are concentrated over time by the heat

More information

Biofuels from Microalgae: The Promise and Challenge of Algae as a Renewable Source of Biofuels

Biofuels from Microalgae: The Promise and Challenge of Algae as a Renewable Source of Biofuels Biofuels from Microalgae: The Promise and Challenge of Algae as a Renewable Source of Biofuels Mike Hightower 1 and Ron Pate 2 1 Sandia National Laboratories, Energy Systems Analysis 2 Sandia National

More information

Techno-economic and ecological evaluation of a wood biorefinery

Techno-economic and ecological evaluation of a wood biorefinery Techno-economic and ecological evaluation of a wood biorefinery Martina Haase 1, Magnus Fröhling 1, Jörg Schweinle 2, Birgit Himmelreich 3 1) Industrial Production, Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 2) Johann

More information

What are biofuels? Pocket K No. 24. Biotechnology for Green Energy: Biofuels

What are biofuels? Pocket K No. 24. Biotechnology for Green Energy: Biofuels Pocket K No. 24 Biotechnology for Green Energy: Biofuels What are biofuels? Biofuels are alternative fuels made from plant and plant-derived resources. Biofuels are used mainly for transportation. There

More information

Developing technologies for biofuels

Developing technologies for biofuels Developing technologies for biofuels Francesco Palombo Biofuels Technology Program R&D Center Eco-Mobility 2013 8 th A3PS Conference - Austrian Agency for Alternative Propulsion Systems DISCLAIMER The

More information

C1 Crude Oil Quiz. A reaction between oxygen and a fuel that releases energy.

C1 Crude Oil Quiz. A reaction between oxygen and a fuel that releases energy. C1 Crude Oil Quiz 1. What is combustion? A reaction between oxygen and a fuel that releases energy. 2. Which pollutant gases are produced during the combustion of fossil fuels? Particulates, carbon dioxide,

More information

Bio renewable Resources Platform. Ton Runneboom, Chairman

Bio renewable Resources Platform. Ton Runneboom, Chairman Bio renewable Resources Platform Ton Runneboom, Chairman Sustainable Economy A Bio-based Economy(BBE) is a subset of a sustainable economy UN definition for sustainable development: Development which meets

More information

CAS Chemistry Research Report Delivering the latest trends in global chemistry research

CAS Chemistry Research Report Delivering the latest trends in global chemistry research CAS Chemistry Research Report Delivering the latest trends in global chemistry research China Takes Lead in the Commercialization of Bioethanol www.cas.org Summary In 2009, the United Nations Environment

More information

Industrial Symbiosis in Biofuel Industries: A case for improved environmental and economical performance Michael Martin

Industrial Symbiosis in Biofuel Industries: A case for improved environmental and economical performance Michael Martin Industrial Symbiosis in Biofuel Industries: A case for improved environmental and economical performance Michael Martin Environmental Technology and Management Michael.Martin@liu.se What do you know about

More information

HIGH VALUE ECO-INDUSTRIAL SOLUTIONS

HIGH VALUE ECO-INDUSTRIAL SOLUTIONS HIGH VALUE ECO-INDUSTRIAL SOLUTIONS 2 WHO ARE WE? PHYCOENERGY, a young company (established in 2012) in the ecoindustrial sector, whose aim is to sign, velop and implement technological and innovative

More information

Liquid Biofuels for Transport

Liquid Biofuels for Transport page 1/11 Scientific Facts on Liquid Biofuels for Transport Prospects, risks and opportunities Source document: FAO (2008) Summary & Details: GreenFacts Context - Serious questions are being raised about

More information

H Li. Mass Number. Number of Electrons Hydrogen He Draw diagrams to show the electronic structure of the elements above.

H Li. Mass Number. Number of Electrons Hydrogen He Draw diagrams to show the electronic structure of the elements above. AQA Knowledge test Unit 1 Chemistry C1 C1.1 The fundamental Ideas in Chemistry C1.1.1 Atoms 1. What is an atom? 2. What is an element? 3. Match the name of the element with the symbol Element Oxygen Sodium

More information

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ON COTTON AND VISCOSE FIBRES FOR TEXTILE PRODUCTION

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ON COTTON AND VISCOSE FIBRES FOR TEXTILE PRODUCTION LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ON COTTON AND VISCOSE FIBRES FOR TEXTILE PRODUCTION Janka Dibdiakova, Volkmar Timmermann Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute (NFLI) Ås, Norway COST FP1205 Innovative applications

More information

Duurzame Bindmiddelen voor de Verfindustrie

Duurzame Bindmiddelen voor de Verfindustrie Duurzame Bindmiddelen voor de Verfindustrie Dr. Dirk Mestach R&D Manager Wood Decorative & Construction EMEA Studiemiddag: Green, Biobased, LCA Dinsdag 28 mei 2013, Nieuwegein INTRODUCTION The Coatings

More information

Murray McLaughlin Sustainable Chemistry Alliance Nova Scotia Energy R and D Forum, May 16 17, 2012

Murray McLaughlin Sustainable Chemistry Alliance Nova Scotia Energy R and D Forum, May 16 17, 2012 Murray McLaughlin Sustainable Chemistry Alliance Nova Scotia Energy R and D Forum, May 16 17, 2012 Outline Bio economy Change Strategy/Vision Innovation Issues and Policy Sarnia example Opportunities Summary

More information

FAO Symposium on. The role of agricultural biotechnologies for production of bio-energy in developing countries"

FAO Symposium on. The role of agricultural biotechnologies for production of bio-energy in developing countries FAO Symposium on The role of agricultural biotechnologies for production of bio-energy in developing countries" ETHANOL PRODUCTION VIA ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS OF SUGAR-CANE BAGASSE AND STRAW Elba P. S. Bon

More information

Chemistry Progression Framework

Chemistry Progression Framework Properties and uses of substances Periodic table and properties and uses of elements relative to their positions. SCN 3-15a Explore groups 1, 7 and 0 and their organisation in the periodic table. Atomic

More information

Zero Discharge System in Palm Oil Mills & Strategy for Creating Business Opportunities. Professor Mohd Ali Hassan Universiti Putra Malaysia

Zero Discharge System in Palm Oil Mills & Strategy for Creating Business Opportunities. Professor Mohd Ali Hassan Universiti Putra Malaysia Zero Discharge System in Palm Oil Mills & Strategy for Creating Business Opportunities Professor Mohd Ali Hassan Universiti Putra Malaysia Professor Yoshihito Shirai Kyushu Institute of Technology Presentation

More information

How to build a comprehensive knowledge platform in Norway Opportunities through cooperation Potential for a "Norwegian BIC"

How to build a comprehensive knowledge platform in Norway Opportunities through cooperation Potential for a Norwegian BIC Biorefinery / Biobased Economy How to build a comprehensive knowledge platform in Norway Opportunities through cooperation Potential for a "Norwegian BIC" Realising the potential of Biorefinery related

More information