1 Writing Letters of Recommendation What is the purpose of a letter of recommendation? A letter of recommendation is expert testimony regarding the ability of a person to perform a task. The tasks may include performing a job, succeeding in graduate school, or profiting from a particular experience (such as foreign study/travel). This purpose is the ultimate reason for a letter of recommendation; everything in the letter supports the act of making an informed recommendation. An informed recommendation is no small matter for the letter writer. Graduate programs, for instance, make very clear they need letters which comment on a student s likelihood of succeeding in graduate school. Letter writers must be confident of the applicant s ability or they are unable to write convincingly. There is some risk to professional credibility if the writer consistently writes letters for applicant s who are not qualified. Further, there is a kind of code for levels of confidence. Generally speaking, there are four levels of confidence as suggested by graduate school forms themselves: strongly recommend (writer is very confident of the applicant s ability); recommend (writer is confident); recommend with reservations (writer is somewhat confident, but has specific areas of doubt); do not recommend (writer does not believe in applicant s ability to succeed). Letter writers use these phrases at the beginning or end of the letter to express their professional evaluation. Applicants should not ask writers who cannot support them at the first two levels of confidence to write letters on their behalf. What kinds of letters of rec. are there? There are two basic types of rec. letters: 1) field specific/expert and 2) character/non-expert. The field specific letter writer is an industry expert within the applicant s field a restaurant manager can give an industry perspective on whether an applicant should be able to succeed in the restaurant business. A science professor provides specific feedback on a future scientist s likelihood of success in the field. A character letter is usually written by someone who is outside or on the fringe of the applicant s industry. This person comments on other traits the applicant possesses that should lead to success. A character letter is still an expert s testimony; in this case, the expert comes from outside the applicant s intended field. Character letters often come from volunteer or work supervisors, internships, outside professors. Very often, academic programs ask the applicant to provide 2-3 letters from field specific experts and 1 character-type letter. Job applicants, on the other hand, usually rely solely on field expertise, except at the beginning of their careers, when character-type letters are all the experience they ve got! Character letters should not come from someone who is not qualified to make an informed, expert recommendation. School counselors and pastors may know you well, but are not usually able to comment convincingly on your likelihood to survive the rigors of medical school.
2 What makes a letter of recommendation successful? A letter of recommendation succeeds on the same merits as any forms of persuasive writing: good control of vocabulary, solid essay structure, appropriate content, and details details details. Vocabulary use strong, vivid language in both nouns and verbs; may get a little creative Essay Structure sounds odd, but think of the letter as a 4-5 paragraph essay with a thesis, well-organized body including an introduction and conclusion this actually makes the letter easier to write and much easier to read Appropriate Content the letter must not exaggerate or lie; writer must not speculate outside recommender s knowledge base; must follow some of the business like aspects of form, including: 1 st paragraph state how long writer has known applicant, in what context (employer, instructor, supervisor, etc), and general thesis statement regarding applicant s abilities/suitability for position Body Paragraphs should have 2-3 well explained examples or qualities each example or quality should have its own paragraph must include not only details, but interpretation (i.e., what should the reader learn about the applicant from the example and why does it matter for the position?) Conclusion may begin with brief additional info (good place for non-essentials such as personality traits), then states EXPLICITLY level of recommendation (strongly/highly [my strongest/highest], recommend, recommend with reservations [must provide explanation], do not recommend [must provide explanation]) with farewell close and contact info Details -- Much like a good application essay, the letter of recommendation is most convincing when a few well-chosen examples are used that are obviously within the recommender s sphere of knowledge. For instance, a character reference might be able to comment convincingly on the applicant s ability to handle stress and pressure, but is unlikely to argue for the applicant s research abilities. On the other hand, the lab supervisor can present a strong case for an applicant s scientific abilities, but be an unconvincing reference for the applicant s communicative abilities in diverse contexts. No one recommender can convincingly cover all aspects that are important to success which is why more than one type of letter is required. What is the format of a letter of recommendation? Letters of recommendations are official documents, therefore are written on professional letterhead in business style. This means appropriate addressing, block flush-left paragraphs, appropriate greetings and closings, 11 pt. NTR font. Generally speaking, the letter should not exceed one page in length unless the recommender has a long association with applicant. When possible, letters should be written on organizational letterhead; many programs actually require this!
3 Example Letters for Analysis Letters are written for specific programs for specific purposes. This must be taken into account when reading a letter. On the other hand, a couple of actual examples should make better models than a generic, non-real one. Below are examples, divided according to basic sections of the letter: intro, body, close. Comments in red offer explanation. Introductory paragraphs [written on university letterhead, therefore, no writer address is offered] February 26, 2007 [date is either flush left or right, one space up from or across from addressee] To: Fr: Re: Junior Honors Medical Program, Admissions Committee [addressee] Recommender, Ph.D., Senior Lecturer [recommender s name, title/position] Letter of Recommendation, Applicant [purpose, applicant s name and ID # if provided] Dear JHMP Admissions Committee, [greeting usually to personnel director or admissions committee] Each time I receive a request to write a letter of recommendation for the JHMP, I challenge the student to explain why they believe this advanced track is of actual benefit to them and what they ve got to contribute to the program. I rarely get a satisfying answer. Sometimes the student just leaves, choosing not to accept the task of producing a persuasive reason before I ll agree to write a letter on their behalf. Occasionally, the student takes the question to heart, does some soul-searching, and returns with a really good explanation. Such is the case with Applicant. His intelligence is without question. What distinguishes him from his peers is where he wants to end up in the medical field and why. This is also where Applicant can make an excellent contribution to the Junior Honors Medical Program. [opening salvo is a bit different recommender knows the applicant better than usual and has an actual history with recommending applicants to the program; partially this establishes credibility and partially it makes for a more interesting opening line still, the opening sentences are TRUE; it is not a fabrication always stay honest in writing letters. Finally, the last two sentences do set up the rest of the essay the recommender must provide evidence for the contribution and why it is unique] To: Graduate Admissions Committee Fr: Recommender, Ph.D. Re: Letter of Recommendation, Applicant, application for M.S.W. Dear Graduate Admissions Committee, Applicant was a student in my Professional Communication in Sociology class, Fall My initial impression was that Applicant was a very quiet, even demure, individual with less self-confidence than I like to see in my students. And while it s true that Applicant is not a rowdy character, she blossomed in class as she saw her ideas bear fruit in a very interesting piece of research. When I last met with Applicant, she was a happy, confident young woman who is excited about her future goals. I believe Applicant will make an excellent graduate student and social worker. She is intelligent and hard working, with a good feel for social issues, and a warm, empathetic smile that will put clients at ease. [a more standard introduction explains context of relationship, gives some basic information, makes a statement of confidence regarding student, and provides basis for organization of essay in final sentence of intro]
4 To: Law School Admissions Committee Fr: Recommender, Ph.D. Re: Letter of Recommendation, Applicant, # L Dear Law School Admissions Committee, My acquaintance with Applicant began in the course, Professional Communication in Sociology, Spring 2005, where Applicant proved herself an exceptional student. Our relationship continued as I became a last-minute mentor for her McNair Scholarship research project. Through both of these experiences, Applicant showed excellent qualities for advanced work she was hard-working, intelligent, ambitious, and even delightful to work with. [pretty standard opening for a positive recommendation] Body Paragraphs Applicant was a student in my Spring 2006 Writing and Speaking for Premedical Students. This is a challenging course requiring both individual and collaborative work. Further, the class requires research be conducted with primary sources (no WebMD allowed). Because of family history, Applicant chose to do his individual work on treatment for low back pain using acupuncture and acupressure. Applicant did an excellent job on the paper itself. He formatted appropriately, made good use of the medical literature, and presented a clear review of the material. What I most appreciated about his paper was the care he took to remain neutral regardless of how much he wanted to believe in the medical value of these therapies. In fact, he found good evidence for the efficacy of alternative therapies; he also found how difficult it was to assess these methods given the standards of western science and practice of eastern medicine. [specific example within recommender s area of expertise also provides means to comment on other character/intellectual qualities in order to set up argument for positive recommendation] Professional Communication in Sociology is a demanding upper-level class requiring students to conduct original research from coming up with a testable idea, designing a feasible (IRB exempt) study, carrying out the research and analysis, to writing up a professional quality report and finishing with an in-class poster presentation. Applicant was more highly prepared than the usual student. She had a strong idea of what she wanted to know and was ready to begin source searching immediately. She separated herself from the pack yet again by turning in a 7 page literature review, complete with appropriate subheadings. Applicant s research questioned public perception of criminal insanity. She designed a clever survey which yielded some interesting data, specifically, that her sample (mostly college students) admitted to having little contact with mentally incompetent people, yet felt mentally ill people were both common and dangerous, that they should be institutionalized yet were competent to stand trial. Applicant s project showcased her interest in legal matters, and a mind capable of ferreting out subtle, important perceptions regarding lay perceptions of law. [body paragraph with explanation, examples, details, and what reader should understand about applicant] Applicant s choice of topic and understanding of the results also showcases an intuitive understanding of social issues and realities. Applicant understood there was a difference between the way people perceived an event (explained their experiences to themselves) and the way they actually behaved when engaged in the event. I was impressed by her ease with this concept, though she did struggle somewhat initially when trying to reconcile what she found in the literature with her own perceptions. Part of doing research is learning intellectual stances, and Applicant came to understand how to express herself in academic terms. All in all, her learning curve in the class was remarkable. This is one reason why I feel confident of her abilities to succeed in graduate study. [body paragraph with explanation, examples, details, and what reader should understand about applicant]
5 Writing in CSD is a challenging, upper division course whose goals are to prepare students for the kinds of writing done in graduate school and the field of speech therapy. Students write a review paper, a S.O.A.P. note, and a Progress Report. Each assignment offers a different challenge. For her Review paper, Applicant wrote on the impact of premature birth on language development. The challenge of this assignment is classic to academics and the beginning researcher: finding sources and synthesizing them. Most undergraduate students have relatively little experience reading journal articles and even less experience finding them. Applicant did very well on this assignment. The annotated bibliography she prepared was outstanding, and I will be using her entries as examples in future classes. The paper itself was well-written, well-researched, and written in appropriate academic style. More importantly, Applicant made a point of drafting the paper early enough to get feedback, and then took the critique to heart. This kind of attention to scholarship and performance bodes well for her success in graduate school. [body paragraph with explanation, examples, details, and what reader should understand about applicant] The first writing project for this class is a review paper. Applicant chose to review a type of heart injury following concussive injury. It was a longish, fairly technical paper, but well-written and excellently researched. His presentation assigned as a brief, 5-6 minute oral report also included a power point presentation which ended up being something of a distraction. Allow me to clarify: it was a very good presentation, but the inclusion of audio-visual support when it was not recommended made the presentation too long and complicated for its purpose. This is an element of Applicant s ambitious nature. He is highly intelligent and sometimes must learn by harsh experience rather than through straightforward instruction. The pedagogical purpose behind the presentation was for students to learn how to communicate medical ideas using just words, since that is often how the information gets relayed. Applicant enjoys technology, though, and he is still learning the boundaries of when it is useful. His sheer pleasure in the use of equipment will make him a fine researcher. [example of body paragraph with both positive and negative traits; setting up for a problem that will culminate in a recommend with reservations level of confidence] Body Paragraphs Attesting to Qualities (can be included in both field expert and character letters, but is more common in character/non-expert letters) For his collaborative project, Applicant worked with 4 other students who chose to go with his main idea for the paper: The Many Faces of Discogenic Back Pain Treatment. In doing so, Applicant emerged as a leader. In fact, this was a difficult task as it was not a completely harmonious group. I was proud that Applicant took the lead in being honest about the dysfunction, and consulted with instructors on how to best handle it. It is never easy to lead peers, and Applicant did a good job of being fair yet firm in order to guide his group to success. In addition, he was also challenged to expand his own interests as the paper included western surgical and non-surgical treatments. In the end, Applicant found himself at a crossroads which motivated him to really begin questioning how to effectively test and measure alternative therapies. This is where his desire for the JHMP is centered: he sees himself as a medical practitioner who must be trained in both conventional therapies and alternative therapies; one who must embrace both technology and tradition. To do so effectively is going to take a while, and he is ready to begin now. For this reason, I believe the JHMP is a fair route for him to travel. [Example of opportunity to talk about other aspects of professional success: leadership, communication abilities, ability to develop as an intellect]
6 As stated, Applicant s research showed important contradictions in public understanding of mental competency and criminal behavior. In addition to working on writing and poster presentations, we also spent time speculating where these contradictions might come from. During these discussions, Applicant showed her ability to think carefully about complex behavior. She was able to muse intelligently without jumping to conclusions. Also, her own thinking generated more questions and excitement about her research project, which is a good sign that she ll be able to maintain longer term, more complex projects. While being her project mentor, I was pleased with Applicant s professional communication skills. During her presentation, she was questioned intensively by one professor, and handled the grilling smoothly and calmly. She understood both the strengths and limitations of her own work, which bodes well for her abilities to handle legal work. I was also impressed by her dedication when she veered off her goal, she quickly got back on track. [Example of opportunity to talk about other aspects of professional success: leadership, communication abilities, ability to develop as an intellect] Closing Paragraphs and Recommendations Applicant s interest in alternative and traditional medicine is also why he d make an excellent contribution to the program. He s a really smart guy with a deep interest in two diverse approaches. He embraces the rigors of western science while understanding the idiosyncrasies common to alternative therapies. He feels the conflict between the classic double-blind randomized control group study and individualized therapeutic approaches. Best of all, he wants ultimately to become a medical practitioner who knows the value of both and can lead patients toward the best health possible. I d value John as my own physician, and would gladly take my family to him or his practice. I strongly recommend that Applicant be accepted into the Junior Honors Medical Program. He will benefit from the early start, and the program will get a fresh perspective. If I can be of further help, please contact me at or [note: hyperlink has been removed so letter prints in one color or is received electronically w/out outside links] [ strongly positive recommendation some summary given content, emphasis on qualities, link made to benefit of both applicant and program, appropriate language used for recommendation] Sincerely, [standard close] [3 spaces in between farewell and name so it can be signed] Recommender, Degree, Position/Title Finally, in addition to intelligence and perseverance, Applicant is a really nice person to work with. She is mature and up-beat, takes responsibility for her decisions, has a terrific smile and energetic personality. Personally, I feel these additional non-academic qualities are nearly as important as scholarly abilities. In Applicant, I believe any law program will get the complete package: ambition balanced with compassion; intelligence edged with humor; scholarship enhanced by strong interpersonal skills. I strongly recommend Applicant be accepted into your law program. [another example of a strong positive recommendation note that you can use some of those humanities writing skills mostly untapped in scientific prose!]
7 Perhaps Applicant s strongest attribute is determination. As his resume shows, he has participated in a number of research projects at various levels. He has the sort of appreciation for research expected in an MSTP applicant. Applicant will make a contribution to the field of medicine, and I believe he will develop solidly as both a clinician and a scientist. For these reasons, I recommend him for acceptance into medical school. [middle recommendation recommender did not have a particularly strong relationship to applicant and was neither enthusiastic or negative regarding applicant problem is this kind of recommendation is not very useful to either applicant or admissions committee applicant must rely on test scores and other letters for success highlights the importance of choosing recommenders wisely] This has left me somewhat ambivalent regarding this letter, despite the fact I agreed to write it. For his part, Applicant insists that he wishes to become a clinical practitioner in order to help people. I believe this to be true. But I am not sure what kind of people training the JHMP provides. For other applicants, with more mature communication skills, this has not really been an issue. For Applicant, though, it is a concern. He needs to learn how to talk to real people, face to face. If this is something the JHMP can provide, then I recommend him for admission into the program. He has much to contribute, and also much to learn. [a slightly hedged recommend with reservations conclusion in fact, recommender did not believe applicant to be qualified or ready for program; even after discussing this fact with applicant, applicant still chose to go ahead with the process; applicant did not get in]. Writing Your Own Letter The same strategies for writing a letter for someone else apply when you are requested to write one for yourself which the recommender will sign. Here are some steps to help the process. Step One: Consider carefully what the recommender can truthfully, reasonably say about you. While it is always possible for any recommender to note qualities about you, mostly, recommenders stay within their areas of expertise. Step Two: Muse upon your experiences with the recommender and list the specific examples and qualities this person can comment on. Write out little stories from your experience with the recommender than can illustrate the qualities you want them to attest to. Step Three: Select the strongest items from Step Two to include in the letter. Write out the whole paragraph including the what the reader should learn part. Make sure to include the context and length of the relationship in paragraph one. Step Four: Put it all together in the correct format!
Original Statement of Purpose Pursuing a Master s degree at the Bren School for Environmental Science and Management is a chief goal in my life which I m ready to be fully committed to. After researching
Six Tips for Getting Great Letters of Recommendation for College Written by: Mark A. Montgomery, Ph.D. One of the most important elements of your college application is the recommendation of a teacher.
Purdue University Calumet Counseling Center Letter of Recommendation Writing Guide Phone: 219-989-2366 Location: Gyte 5 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org http://purduecal.edu/counseling Writing Letters of Recommendation
MEFA s College Admissions Toolkit Application Deadline Manager Directions: Use this worksheet to keep track of deadlines and requirements for your college admissions applications. College: College: College:
Applying to Graduate School and Requesting Letters of Recommendation MAKING THE DECISION TO APPLY Pursing a graduate degree provides an exciting opportunity to gain specialized knowledge and delve into
When you apply to graduate schools/professional programs, most often you will be asked to submit a personal statement or letter of intent as part of your application. This guide uses the wording of personal
Preparing Personal Statements For Graduate School & Professional Programs This packet is intended to serve as a starting point for students and alumni developing personal statements for graduate schools
M E FA s College Admissions Toolkit Application Deadline Manager Directions: Use this worksheet to keep track of deadlines and requirements for your college admissions applications. College: College: College:
The Personal Statement The ideal student, seen through the eyes of graduate faculty, is gifted and creative, very bright and extremely motivated to learn, perfectly suited to the program, eager to actively
Check in and introductions Reading academic articles - strategies Essay Basics : The assignment fulfilling requirements Three prewriting strategies & the dynamic outline Genre types of writing: anecdotal
University application essays (or personal statements ) What to say, and what not to say! Essays are an important part of your application The less important your GPA and test scores, the more important
Study board game design. We try to provide high school, college or even university students, with the comprehensive academic help of highest quality, making their lives easier all the way. We give guarantees
Career Guide Recommendation Letters Gaining a professional endorsement http://heller.brandeis.edu/careers/ Recommendation Letters What is a recommendation letter? A recommendation letter is a written reference
Applying and Interviewing for Graduate School Intelligently!! Overview General Comments Your Application Personal Statement Letters of Recommendation GRE scores GPA Your Interview General Comments Preparation
How to get into vet school By Amanda Hoffman, YCP Biology Class of 2012 Before you begin make sure that veterinary medicine is exactly what you want to study in your future, that this is the career you
Harvard College Program in General Education Faculty of Arts and Sciences Harvard University A Guide to Writing in Ethical Reasoning 15 A Guide to Writing in Ethical Reasoning 15 Professor Jay M. Harris
PERSONAL REFERENCE LETTER SAMPLES These letters of reference should be typed on personal or business letterhead. Sample #1 The (Building Address) Tenants Corporation Address New York, NY 10000 RE: Cooperative
ADMISSION/APPLICATION INFO Students and Parents should be aware of the variety of admission options available to students. The majority of institutions employ one of two options: Rolling Decision or Regular
Letters of Recommendation: How to Rate, Write, and Use Them in Your Evaluation of Applicants Writing a Letter of Recommendation (LOR): 1. When approached by an applicant to write a LOR, ask the applicant
SMITH COLLEGE CAREER DEVELOPMENT OFFICE GRADUATE SCHOOL Should I go? When to go? Where? Tests Applying NORTHAMPTON, MA 413-585-2582 F:413-585-2596 WWW.SMITH.EDU/CDO SHOULD I GO? There are two good reasons
Ms Bossy DeBoss Namey Mc Name Thank you for coming to see us for your interview today, Namey. How was your journey, did you have any trouble finding us? My journey was fine thank you, Ms DeBoss. The instructions
Gaining Admission into Highly Selective Grad Programs: Why Are Some 4.0 Students Rejected, While Some 2.8 Students Admitted and Funded?? Donald Asher Asher Associates San Francisco (415) 543-7130 email@example.com
Writing Effective Reference Letters Fabrice Labeau, PhD Lisa Travis, PhD Associate Deans Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies August 30, 2010 1 Overview Objectives of this session The value of your reference
Augmented reality enhances learning at Manchester School of Medicine Welcome to the Jisc podcast. The University of Manchester is taking a unique approach to prescription training for its medical students
The Ph.D. Job Hunt Helping Students Find the Right Positions Edward D. Lazowska Department of Computer Science & Engineering University of Washington Our reputations individually and institutionally are
1 Applying to Graduate School Frequently Asked Questions 1. What are the differences between Master s, PhD, and MFA programs? The main difference between master s and doctoral programs has to do with the
Writing the Personal Statement A statement of purpose, or personal statement, is a brief and focused essay about one's career or research goals, and is frequently required for applicants to universities,
The Personal Statement WRITING COLLEGE ADMISSIONS ESSAYS ELAC TRANSFER CENTER 2012 TOPICS Understanding the role of the college admissions essay Examples of essay questions Preparation before you write
Email Tune-up 02: Asking for comments Original Email Subject: Please review this document Dear Emily, I should be glad if you review the attached document. Please can you let me know if you have any inputs,
Interviewing Practice = Preparation What is the Purpose of an Interview? STUDENT An interview is a two-way exchange, a conversation, in which both participants have some goals. The Interviewer wants to
Writing a Good College Application Essay Most Important Think about your audience. Ask yourself, How will this essay motivate them to admit me? Analyze do not just describe a situation or tell a story.
BCMB 496: BIOCHEMISTRY/MOLECULAR BIOLOGY SENIOR RESEARCH Course Description Biochemistry/Molecular Biology senior research is a two-semester long independent research project that culminates in the submission
Bachelor of Arts in Leadership LEAD ON A NEW LEVEL You work hard, but now you re ready for something more. A promotion, a new way to approach your work, or a new career altogether. You re ready to take
Interests, Aptitudes, and Abilities... 1 Entrepreneurship... 2 Taking an Interest Inventory... 3 TSA... 5 Keys to a Positive Attitude... 6 Teamwork... 7 Work Habits... 9 Personal Employability Traits...
HOW TO RESPOND TO INTERVIEW QUESTIONS Interviewers typically use a variety of question techniques to determine if you re the person they want to hire. First, they ll choose questions designed to get specific
Reflective Writing Reflective Writing There are a variety of reasons you might need to write reflectively. When you apply for jobs, undertake self-evaluation at work or whilst studying, or when writing
Master s Project Manual Revised August 2009 An Overview: The Process of Writing the Master s Project...3 The Purpose of Research in the Master's of Nursing Curriculum...4 Types of Master's Projects...4
Office of Transfer, Career, and Internship Services 802-387-6823 firstname.lastname@example.org Transfer Guide: The College Admissions Essay Writing a Winning College Application Essay The college essay
What people who attend Linton Sellen s Leadership Training have to say: Excellent course, couldn t have been better. Training content and knowledge and delivery are exceptional. I've been to many management
Guide to the Cover Letter Introduction Career Exploration Resumé & Cover Letter Networking Job Applications Interview Almost every formal job application involves the submission of a cover letter along
Assessment of the project International Marketing Offensive for Smart Phones in China 1. Assessment of the project itself In November 2014 we started preparing our project which was an international marketing
C-12 INFORMATION SHEET SAMPLE INTERVIEW QUESTIONS TEACHER S MASTER QUESTIONS ABOUT YOU Tell Me a Little about Yourself. The interviewers want to know if you are well adjusted, work well with others, have
The UST Center for Writing Before you write, as you write, and after you write Graduate Peer Consultant Application Packet 2015-2016 Please note: You must be a student in the M.A. Program in English to
Letters of Recommendation 9 EDUCATION AFTER HIGH SCHOOL The BIG Idea How can I get a positive letter of recommendation for college? AGENDA Approx. 45 minutes I. Warm Up (5 minutes) II. Positive Recommendation
Your personal statement HOW TO WRITE THE PERFECT TEACHER TRAINING APPLICATION Contents 1. The basics 2. What to do 3. What not to do 4. Things to cover a. Introduction b. Teaching skills c. Other skills
SO YOU HAVE TO WRITE A DISSERTATION PROPOSAL? SOME THOUGHTS ON HOW TO KEEP FROM BEING OVERWHELMED AND MOVE STEADILY TOWARDS YOUR GOAL. By Elizabeth Ferry Department of Anthropology, Brandeis University
Advice for Recommenders: How to write an effective Letter of Recommendation for applicants to the Stanford MBA Program -- Edited Transcript of Interview updated 27 July 2011 What are some of your responsibilities
ON APPLYING TO GRADUATE SCHOOL IN PSYCHOLOGY * Admission to a graduate program in psychology can be quite competitive. High quality programs are, of course, more competitive than lower quality programs.
GUIDE TO DEVELOPING A STRONG SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION Now That You ve Decided to Apply The aim of this handout is to help you prepare your application for a scholarship now that you have decided to apply.
COLLEGE PLANNING TIMELINE Freshman Year Get involved! Try out new extracurricular activities, and continue to pursue those that already interest you. Build relationships with your teachers and school guidance
EDUCATIONAL GOALS: CONSIDER THE QUESTION RTSQ: Read the Stupid Question! This seems obvious, but many people gloss over the question. You want to analyze the question, answer all parts of the question,
U N I V E R S I T Y C A R E E R S E R V I C E S PREPARING FOR THE INTERVIEW THE INTERVIEW The interview is an opportunity to demonstrate to an employer why you are the best fit for the position. Essentially,
apter 1 1 Am I experiencing I didn t see myself as an abused woman. The only images I had came from television. I thought of abused women as weak, quiet and less educated women who were battered and bruised.
Writing the Letter of Recommendation Letter of recommendation hold substantial weight in college admission decisions. A well-written letter for an outstanding applicant can highlight impressive characteristics
Advice for Applying to Grad School in Economics Disclaimer: These are just opinions, and some people may disagree with the claims here. You should seek opinions from your advisors. Choosing classes Graduate
Guide to Effective Staff Performance Evaluations Compiled by Human Resources Siemens Hall, Room 211 The research is clear. The outcome is consistent. We know with certainty that the most powerful leadership
Guide to Using Results Contact Information For assistance, call ACT Engage Customer Service at 319.337.1893, 8:30 a.m. 5:00 p.m., central time, Monday through Friday, or email email@example.com. Resources
Library, Teaching and Learning Writing Essays and other assignments 2013 Lincoln University Writing at University During your degree at Lincoln University you will complete essays, reports, and other kinds
Apply Yourself: Writing the Graduate School Personal Statement Dana Capell Academic Skills Centre Mary Goldsmith Career Centre Why This Workshop? Career Perspective: what does the personal statement need
Proposal Writing: The Business of Science By Wendy Sanders The NIH System of Review The NIH has a dual system of review. The first (and most important) level of review is carried out by a designated study
Profiles in Social Work Episode 29 Sheila Neuburger Intro - Hi, I m Charmaine Williams, Associate Professor and Associate Dean, Academic, for the University of Toronto, Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social
GRADUATE SCHOOL IN RELIGIOUS STUDIES (OR RELATED HUMANITIES/SOCIAL SCIENCE FIELD) FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Prepared by the Department of Religious Studies, University of Tennessee, Knoxville Deciding
How to Request a Strong Letter of Recommendation A. The first step in this process is to ask me the following question: "Can you write me a strong letter of recommendation for a job or a graduate school
1/27/15 Careers in Psychology Attaining a BA in Psychology Psychology is the 5th most common major Accounting for 439,000 students in the U.S. alone Behind business, education, and nursing/pre-med - Fogg
STUDENT LEARNING ASSESSMENT REPORT SUBMITTED BY: JASON DOLL, PHD, CHAIR, DEPARTMENT OF FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY DATE: 10/03/14 BRIEFLY DESCRIBE WHERE AND HOW ARE DATA AND DOCUMENTS USED TO GENERATE THIS REPORT
Geiser House 610-921-7630 firstname.lastname@example.org www.albright.edu/elcdc Writing Your Personal Statement for Graduate and Professional School Table of Contents Topics in this Information Packet Include: Types
Appendix A Higher Education Program Masters Higher Education Administrator Evaluation Rubric Program Objective: Understanding the importance of equity and social justice, graduates of the Masters in Higher
Website: Designlearning.org Example of a Well-Designed Course in Nursing Name: Dr. Vickie Hughes Name of Institution: Appalachian State University 1. Specific Context The subject matter: Research The title
Purdue Extension EC-737 Writing a Successful Grant Proposal Maria I. Marshall Department of Agricultural Economics Purdue University Aaron Johnson Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics Oregon
COM207: CREATIVE WRITING: FICTION SYLLABUS LECTURE HOURS/CREDITS: 3/3 CATALOG DESCRIPTION Prerequisite: ENG101 English Composition I Students study a variety of short fiction for story structure and write
The Anatomy of a Cover Letter Based on this short job advert for an adjunct position, you can see how this cover letter has been designed to address each of the stated points, and to show that the candidate
24-hr. 1-888-774-9994 Graduate Division Hotline: 1-877-974-8333 email@example.com The Thesis & Dissertation Experience What is a thesis or dissertation? The terms thesis and dissertation are often interchangeable
Parts of a Paper Before you even begin a paper you have to imagine who your audience will be: your nurse peers? The general public? a sixth grade class? The graduate school admission committee? Then when
CAREER SERVICES COVER LETTER GUIDE Career Services Goodwin College One Riverside Drive East Hartford, CT 06118 (860) 727-6768 COVER LETTERS COVER LETTER GUIDE Your cover letter introduces you to a prospective
Resume, Cover Letters, Networking Best Practices For MS Students in Computer Science The Death of the Résumé Associate Director of Bug Squishing at! Watterson Family Household! Watterson Family Home! Ms.
WRITING ACROSS THE CURRICULUM Writing in Social Work The Hunter College social work curriculum is divided into four major methods: Casework, Group Work, Community Organizing and Planning, and Administration.
A. INTRODUCTION A reference letter, or letter of recommendation, 1 is usually written to attest to a person s skills, character and/or achievements. It is a formal document, and should be typed on letterhead,
THE PERSONAL STATEMENT/ ADMISSION ESSAY THE PERSONAL STATEMENT: Serves as a comprehensive review process that enriches and completes your application and allows you to make the best case for why you should
Interviewing for a position with Turner can be a valuable learning opportunity. Based on our experience in recruiting and hiring talent, we have assembled some ideas to help you in the process. Preparation
COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES CAREER SERVICES Your future is our focus Writing Cover Letters Communicating with Employers What is a cover letter? A cover letter is a document submitted with a job application
Counseling Center Informational Interviewing INFORMATION INTERVIEWING WHAT IS AN INFORMATIONAL INTERVIEW? An informational interview is a conversation between a person (like you) who is interested in a
Coaching: bringing out the best Opinion piece Philip Brew Coaching: bringing out the best Philip Brew 1/6 Organisations need fully functioning human beings In today s demanding and complex environments,
THE STATESMAN Volume 8 Issue 12 December 2005 Happy Holidays! From George Wythe College On Campus Seminars: Dec 16-17 Mar 4-5 Mar 7-8 May 2-27 May 30-31 July 15-16 Roots of America How to Read a Book A
Learning Enhancement Team Writing a Dissertation This Study Guide addresses the task of writing a dissertation. It aims to help you to feel confident in the construction of this extended piece of writing,
Graduate School Planning Ahead Overview Graduate school is a huge investment of your time and money. The key is to know what you want to get out of your education before you make the investment. To consider
Excerpted with permission: Laslovich, S. (2009). A Primer on the Interview Process for a New Graduate Therapist [PowerPoint lecture]. Retrieved from http://www.usa.edu. Professional Resumes The Purpose
University of Guelph Bioinformatics program review Review Panel: Professor Bruce German, University of California, Davis Professor Ejaz Ahmed, Brock University, Ontario Overview The panel has been engaged
Analysis and Survey Design by Strategic Technology Solutions Rich La Valley, President Methodology Sample of College Graduate who went through IB from Social Network Sites Email sent to over 650 potential
The General Education Program at Sweet Briar College Introduction The purpose of the General Education Program at Sweet Briar College is to provide all students with a common pattern of skills, experiences
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.