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1 R E N E W A B L E E N E R G Y Wind Energy Wind Energy in Spain 2005 Current Status and Prospects ospects Madera, 8. E Madrid Tel.: Fax:

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3 Wind Energy in Spain 2005 Current Status and Prospects

4 TITLE OF PUBLICATION Current Status and Prospects for Wind Energy in Spain 2005 AUTHOR AND PUPLISHER Written and published by the Institute for the Diversification and Saving of Energy - IDAE... This publication is included in the Reports Series of the IDAE publication bank. This publication may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, without the prior consent of IDAE. Legal deposit: M The Institute for the Diversification and Saving of Energy (Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía, IDAE) is a public business entity attached to the Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Trade. Its mission and goals are to promote energy efficiency, rational energy use, energy supply diversification and increased use of renewable sources of energy in Spain. IDAE Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía C/ Madera, 8 E Madrid Second edition in English, May 2002 Reedición actualizada en inglés, mayo Cover photo: La Florida wind farm (Canary Islands, Spain) Updated edition in English, May 2006

5 Contents State of the technology in Spain Percentage distribution per manufacturer Accumulated installed capacity per technology in Spain Regulatory framework in the European Union Regulatory framework at national level Installed wind energy capacity worldwide Installed wind energy capacity in the Eur0pean Union Outstanding figures in wind energy sector in Spain Installed generating capacity in each Spanish Region Development of wind energy in Spain Yearly investment in the wind energy sector in Spain Evolution of cost per kw of installed capacity in Spain Key points to current and future development General mission of IDAE and activities in the wind energy sector IDAE investment in the wind energy sector

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7 State of the technology in Spain Wind turbine manufacturers using Spanish technology Spanish manufacturers with technology transfer agreements General points Two Spanish companies GAMESA and ECOTÈCNIA were among the world s ten largest manufacturers in Both represented 15% of the global market. GAMESA, ECOTÈCNIA, ACCIONA WP*, M. TORRES: which together account for 74% of total installed capacity. Foreign technology VESTAS, GENERAL ELECTRIC,...: 22%. Domestic manufacturing capacity NAVANTIA SIEMENS,...: 4%. More than 2,000 MW per year. Companies in the sector More than 550. Average rated power 1,160 kw per new unit installed in C u r r e n t S t a t u s a n d P r o s p e c t s * until 2005 INGETUR (EHN). 5 Percentage distribution per manufacturer Worldwide market share in 2005 (11,407 MW) Installed capacity in Spain in 2005 (1,464 MW) % % VESTAS (DEN) G. ELECTRIC (USA) 0.3 ENERCON (GER) GAMESA (SPA) SUZLON (IND) 0 GAMESA (SPA) ECOTÈCNIA (SPA) VESTAS (DEN) G. ELECTRIC (USA) ACCIONA WP (SPA) NAVANTIA SIEMENS (SPA/GER) M TORRES (SPA) SIEMENS (GER) REPOWER (GER/FRA) NORDEX (GER) ECOTÈCNIA (SPA) MITSUBISHI (JAP) OTHERS Provisional data Source: IDAE and BTM Consult ApS

8 Accumulated installed capacity (MW) per technology in Spain on 31/12/2005 W i n d E n e r g y i n S p a i n GAMESA EÓLICA VESTAS ECOTÈCNIA GENERAL ELECTRIC NAVANTIA-SIEMENS ACCIONA WP OTHERS ECOTÈCNIA 8.6% VESTAS 12.6% 1,014 1,233 G. ELECTRIC 8.4% NAVANTIA-SIEMENS 3.6% ACCIONA WP 2.5% OTHERS 3.2% TOTAL: 9,781 MW GAMESA 61.1% 5,980 6 Provisional data Source: IDAE Regulatory framework in the European Union (EU-15) White Paper (Dated December 1997) Overall target Contribution from Renewable Energy Sources (RES) of 12% of primary energy consumption in the European Union by Wind Power target Reach 40,000 MW by Campaign for Take-Off Encompassing the period , it acted as a catalyst for the development of the key RES sectors. Wind Energy: More than 20,000 MW installed in the period, doubling the foreseen figure. Directive 2001/77/CE (Dated September 27 th ) Overall target National target Contribution from RES of 22%* relative to the annual electricity consumption of European Union in year In Spain implies that electricity generated with RES represents a percentage of 29.4% of the scheduled total in year * updated to 21% for EU-25 ( Accesion Treaty signed on 16 th April 2003).

9 Regulatory framework of reference at national level Spanish Electric Power Act 54/1997 (Dated November 27 th ) Main goal Liberalization of the electricity market (reached on Jan 2003). Establishes Requires Special Regime for Renewable Energy Sources (P < 50 MW). Guaranteed grid access. A premium for electricity from RES. Territorial and environmental matters are competence of the Regional Governments. A Promotion Plan for RES. Royal Decree on Special Regime 436/2004 (Dated March 12 th ) Object Methodology Legal and economic scheme for Special Regime. Feed-in tariff system (guaranteed along life-time): (1) Regulated price (determined by the capacity and year of starting up) or (2) Sale in the free market: Pool price + Incentive + Premium + Extras Payment with reference to yearly average electrical tariff (regulated maximun evolution until 2010). Production forecast for P > 10 MW (since 1 st Jan 2007). Penalty for deviations above 20% (option (1)). Transitory period for former plants (until 1 st Jan 2007). C u r r e n t S t a t u s a n d P r o s p e c t s 7 Environmental Impact Assessment Act 6/2001 (Dated March 8 th ) The Spanish Renewable Energy Plan Wind Energy Area. (Approved by the Council of Ministers on 26/08/2005) Main overall targets Wind power target Main measures Meet: % of primary energy consumption, and % of gross national electricity consumption, from RES by Estimated investment ( ): 23,600 m. Have ready an installed capacity of 20,155 MW at the end of the year Development of transport grid. Updating of the regulatory procedures regarding grid access and operating conditions. Establishment of a single Operation Centre for the Special Regime. Development of control centres grouping wind farms belonging to the same owner (or within the same geographical area). Investment subsidies are not envisaged.

10 Installed wind energy capacity (MW) worldwide on 31/12/2005 EUROPEAN UNION 40,250 W i n d E n e r g y i n S p a i n UNITED STATES INDIA CHINA JAPAN AUSTRALIA REST 9,150 4,430 1,260 1, ,045 WORLDWIDE 59,075 MW 8 Provisional data Source: IDAE and GWEC Installed wind energy capacity (MW) in the European Union (EU-25) on 31/12/ ,430 GERMANY 9,781 SPAIN 3,120 DENMARK 1,715 ITALY 1,080 NETHERLANDS EUROPEAN UNION 40,250 MW 1,355 UNITED KINGDOM 1,020 PORTUGAL 820 AUSTRIA 2,930 REST 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 16,000 18,000 20,000 MW Provisional data Source: IDAE and EWEA

11 Outstanding figures in wind energy sector in Spain (updated at the end of the year 2005) General Overall Capacity Installed Accumulated Investment Energy Sold Electricity Market Share Equivalent Consumption Social Benefits More than 550 companies involved in the sector. Accumulated Employment Design, Construction and Erection. 127,000 men-year Operation and Maintenance. 1,950 permanent jobs (all direct) Direct 31,750 Non Direct 95,250 9,781 MW 8,774 m 21,000 GWh 7.5% 6 million households POLLUTANT SO 2 NO x CO 2 Environmental Issues AVOIDED QUANTITY (t) * 144,500 79,800 19,690,000 * In relation to electricity generated by means of national hard coal-fired power plants [CIEMAT and CNE (2001)] C u r r e n t S t a t u s a n d P r o s p e c t s 9 Provisional data Installed generating capacity (MW) in each Spanish Region on 31/12/2005 TOTAL: 9,781 MW Galicia 2,371 Asturias 162 Basque Country 145 Navarre 908 Pending ( ) In operation La Rioja 418 Castile & León 1,759 Aragón 1,333 Catalonia % 49% Global Target (2010): 20,155 MW Castile-La Mancha Valencian Region 1, Balearic Islands 3 Andalusia 451 Murcia 55 Canary Islands 140 Provisional data Source: IDAE

12 Development of wind energy in Spain 10,000 9,000 2,200 2,000 1,800 W i n d E n e r g y i n S p a i n ACCUMULATED (MW) 8,000 1,600 7,000 1,400 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 0 IN OPERATION ACCUMULATED 1,200 1, YEARLY INSTALLED CAPACITY (MW) 10 IN OPERATION ACCUMULATED , , , ,615 4, ,344 6, ,082 8, ,464 9,781 Provisional data Source: IDAE Yearly investment in the wind energy sector in Spain Provisional data Source: IDAE

13 Evolution of cost per kw of installed capacity in Spain (Tendency curve) C u r r e n t S t a t u s a n d P r o s p e c t s Estimated value for 2005 Source: IDAE 11 Key points to current and future development CURRENT DEVELOPMENT Existence of significant wind resources. Stable regulatory framework for electricity generation. Administrative procedures for the authorization of wind power installations in the Regions. Expertise, consolidated technology and economies of escale. Reduction in costs of both construction/installation and operation/maintenance. Reasonable return on investment. FUTURE DEVELOPMENT Long-term price guarantee. Development of grid infrastructure. Enable international interconnection. Wind energy integration into national power grid. Contribution to stability. Predictability. Easier, faster and more objective administrative procedures. Enhanced technology (enlarged efficiency, manufacturing cost reduction and improvement of reliability). Increase international competitiveness and worldwide spread.

14 General mission of IDAE and activities in the wind energy sector General mission Promote energy efficiency and the rational use of energy. Diversify energy sources. Boost the use of renewable sources of energy. Foster technical and financial innovation. W i n d E n e r g y i n S p a i n Activities IDAE investment in the wind energy sector (updated 05/2006) Monitoring and analysis of the sector. Promotional activities. Collaboration with public bodies. Participation in projects. Technical Consultancy. International Cooperation. Capacity (MW) Region Owner Wind Farm or WTG model Investment IDAE share Start-up In oper. In exec. ( m) (%) (year/s) Andalusia SEASA * Tarifa Catalonia PEBESA Bajo Ebro Aragón EVESA La Muela II and III /99 Galicia PEMALSA Malpica /02 Murcia ELECDEY ASCOY, S.A. Sierra de Ascoy /03 Andalusia SELL, S.A. Los Lances Catalonia SEESA Trucafort Canary I. PEGASA Punta Gaviota Galicia SOTAVENTO G., S.A. Sotavento /01 Aragón S.E. LA PLANA, S.A. La Plana I and R&D /01/02 Castile & León A. DEL VOLTOYA, S.A.** Altos del Voltoya I-IV /04/07 Aragón ARVISA Sancho Abarca Total for shareholding m Murcia P.E. LA UNIÓN, S.L. La Unión Canary I. AGRAGUA, S.A. Montaña Pelada Canary I. ECASA Montaña Francisco Castile & León P.E. C. NUEVO, S.L. Corral Nuevo Galicia ENGASA Peña Galluda Canary I. SOSLAIRES C., S.L. La Florida Total for ERDF-IDAE programme m Andalusia ECOTÈCNIA ECOTÈCNIA 150/225/ /100/ /92/96 Andalusia/Galicia MADE MADE /01 Aragón GAMESA EÓLICA GAMESA 850/ /02 Navarre M. TORRES M. TORRES /03 Navarre ECOTÈCNIA ECOTÈCNIA Navarre M.TORRES D.E., S.L. La Fraila Undetermined ECOTÈCNIA ECOTÈCNIA Undetermined ACCIONA Windpower ACCIONA AW Total for technology development m Aragón ELECDEY TARAZONA, S.A. Tarazona Sur /04 Balearic I. CONSORCIO RSU MENORCA Es Milá Asturias P.E. PENOUTA, S.L.U. Penouta Castile - La Mancha EÓLICA MONTESINOS, S.L. El Romeral Total for third-party financing m TOTAL m * repowering up to 74 MW is planned to be commissioned during ** in 2004 Altos del Voltoya, S.A. acquired 17% of P.E. Las Navas, S.A., with additional MW in operation.

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16 R E N E W A B L E E N E R G Y Wind Energy Wind Energy in Spain 2005 Current Status and Prospects Madera, 8. E Madrid Tel.: Fax:

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