EU Subsidies for polluting and unsustainable practices

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "EU Subsidies for polluting and unsustainable practices"

Transcription

1

2

3 DIRECTORATE GENERAL FOR INTERNAL POLICIES POLICY DEPARTMENT A: ECONOMIC AND SCIENTIFIC POLICY ENVIRONMENT, PUBLIC HEALTH AND FOOD SAFETY EU Subsidies fr plluting and unsustainable practices STUDY Abstract The reprt prvides an verview f the envirnmental relevance f the largest fields f expenditure within the EU budget. Based n existing methdlgies, it assesses the sustainability level f key budget items in the EU sectral plicies. It als prvides recmmendatins in the cntext f a ptential refrm f subsidies that wuld cntribute t the alignment f the EU budget twards a mre sustainable grwth as called in the EU2020 Strategy. IP/A/ENVI/ST/ February 2011 PE EN

4 This dcument was requested by the Eurpean Parliament's Cmmittee n Envirnment, Public Health and Fd Safety. AUTHOR(S) Mr Arkaitz USUBIAGA, Wuppertal Institute fr Climate, Envirnment and Energy Mr Philipp SCHEPELMANN, Wuppertal Institute fr Climate, Envirnment and Energy Ms Bettina BAHN-WALKOWIAK, Wuppertal Institute fr Climate, Envirnment and Energy Mr Matthias ALTMANN, Ludwig-Bölkw-Systemtechnik GmbH Ms Ruta LANDGREBE, Eclgic Institute Mr Ralph PIOTROWSKI, Eclgic Institute RESPONSIBLE ADMINISTRATOR Catherine LAURANSON Plicy Department Ecnmic and Scientific Plicy Eurpean Parliament B-1047 Brussels LINGUISTIC VERSIONS Original: EN Executive summary: DE/FR ABOUT THE EDITOR T cntact the Plicy Department r t subscribe t its newsletter please write t: Manuscript cmpleted in February Brussels, Eurpean Parliament, This dcument is available n the Internet at: DISCLAIMER The pinins expressed in this dcument are the sle respnsibility f the authr and d nt necessarily represent the fficial psitin f the Eurpean Parliament. Reprductin and translatin fr nn-cmmercial purpses are authrized, prvided the surce is acknwledged and the publisher is given prir ntice and sent a cpy.

5 EU Subsidies fr plluting and unsustainable practices CONTENTS CONTENTS 3 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 5 LIST OF TABLES 7 LIST OF FIGURES 8 LIST OF BOXES 8 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 9 1. INTRODUCTION Subsidies as a pervasive phenmenn Plitical cmmitments t remve EHS Changing unsustainable trends Scpe f the assessment AGRICULTURE Intrductin Imprtance f the Cmmn Agricultural Plicy Characteristics f the 2003 CAP Refrm and the 2008 "Health Check" Types f subsidies and funding instruments fr the agriculture sectr Current CAP debate (CAP pst-2013) Envirnmentally Harmful Subsidies Definitin and Classificatin f Envirnmentally Harmful Subsidies Assessment f Envirnmental Impacts Cnclusins and recmmendatins STRUCTURAL AND COHESION POLICY Allcatin structure and pririties f Structural and Chesin Funds Methdlgy f reprt The prgramming prcess f the chesin plicy The evaluatin prcess f the chesin plicy Results f the mid-term evaluatin f the Eurpean Reginal Develpment Fund Slw prgress in selectin f resurces and implementatin prcess The relatin between earmarking f funds and sustainable develpment Identificatin f ptentially envirnmentally harmful subsidies within the Eurpean Reginal Develpment Fund

6 Plicy Department A: Ecnmic and Scientific Plicy Prprtins within the envirnmental funding framewrk Rad-based transprt infrastructure investments Direct and indirect climate change mitigatin Further aspects: Waste incineratin and bidiversity Cnclusins and recmmendatins Earmarking t envirnmental pririties and green public prcurement f prjects Review f evaluatin prcess - clsing the knwledge gap Increase f plicy cherence - clsing the gvernance gap TRANSPORT AND ENERGY Methdlgy Definitin f a subsidy Identificatin and evaluatin f envirnmentally harmful actin Transprt Transprt in the EU budget Size f transprt expenditures in the EU budget Sustainability f EU transprt expenditures Energy Energy in the EU budget Size f energy expenditures in the EU budget Sustainability f EU energy expenditures Cnclusins and recmmendatins FISHERIES Intrductin Overview f fisheries subsidies in the Eurpean Unin Cnclusins and recmmendatins CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 70 REFERENCES 73 ANNEX 1: Tls fr the identificatin f envirnmental harmful subsidies 84 ANNEX 2: Agriculture 88 ANNEX 3: Transprt and energy 93 ANNEX 4: Fisheries 106 4

7 EU Subsidies fr plluting and unsustainable practices LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ACP Africa, Caribbean and Pacific AES Agri-envirnmental scheme CAP Cmmn Agricultural Plicy CCS Carbn Capture and Strage CF Chesin Fund CFP Cmmn Fisheries Plicy CMO Cmmn market rganisatin CR Cmmittee f the Regins CSE Cnsumer Supprt Estimates CSG Cmmunity Strategic Guidelines EAFRD Eurpean Agricultural Fund fr Rural Develpment EAGF Eurpean Agricultural Guarantee Fund EFF Eurpean Fisheries Fund EHS Envirnmentally Harmful Subsidies EIA Envirnmental Impact Assessment ERDF Eurpean Reginal Develpment Fund ESA Eurpean system f accunts ESF Eurpean Scial Fund FIFG Financial Instrument fr Fisheries Guidance GATT General Agreement n Tariffs and Trade GDP Grss Dmestic Prduct 5

8 Plicy Department A: Ecnmic and Scientific Plicy IRENA Indicatr Reprting n the integratin f ENvirnmental cncerns int Agricultural plicy IUU Illegal, unreprted and unregulated fishing JRC Jint Research Centre NRP Natinal Refrm Prgrammes NSDS Natinal Sustainable Develpment Strategies NSRF Natinal Strategic Reference Framewrk NUTS Nmenclature f Territrial Units fr Statistics OECD Organisatin fr Ecnmic C-peratin and Develpment PSE Prducer Supprt Estimates RTDI Research, Technlgical Develpment & Innvatin SAPS Single Area Payment Scheme SDI Sustainable Develpment Indicatr SDS Sustainable Develpment Strategy SEA Strategic Envirnmental Assessment SPS Single (Farm) Payment Scheme TEN-E Trans-Eurpean netwrks Energy TEN-T Trans-Eurpean Netwrks Transprt TERM Transprt and Envirnment Reprting Mechanism WTO Wrld Trade Organizatin 6

9 EU Subsidies fr plluting and unsustainable practices LIST OF TABLES TABLE 1 Estimates f the annual public subsidies fr the perid TABLE 2 EU 2011 draft budget...20 TABLE 3 Main categries f PSE measures and their relative impacts n the envirnment.28 TABLE 4 Objectives, Structural Funds and instruments, TABLE 5 Allcatin f resurces within the envirnmental framewrk f Structural and Chesin Funds and share f funding in per cent, TABLE 6 Transprt in the EU budget...51 TABLE 7 EU transprt cmmitments in the cnvergence regins thrugh the Structural and Chesin Funds...52 TABLE 8 EU transprt cmmitments...52 TABLE 9 Summary f unsustainable EU budget expenditures in transprt...57 TABLE 10 Energy in the EU budget...58 TABLE 11 EU energy cmmitments thrugh the Structural and Chesin Funds...59 TABLE 12 EU energy cmmitments thrugh the Structural and Chesin Funds by tpic TABLE 13 EU energy cmmitments...60 TABLE 14 Summary f unsustainable EU budget expenditures in energy...64 TABLE 15 Set f Agri-Envirnmental Indicatrs...85 TABLE 16 Set f TERM indicatrs...86 TABLE 17 Set f indicatrs fr energy and envirnment...87 TABLE 18 Set f Sustainable Develpment Indicatrs

10 Plicy Department A: Ecnmic and Scientific Plicy UUTABLE 19 Overview f EFF cntributins and cre fisheries data per Member State LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE 1 CAP expenditure and CAP refrm path (2007 cnstant prices)...23 FIGURE 2 Structure f direct payments and market measures in FIGURE 3 Allcatin between themes f Chesin Plicy fr FIGURE 4 Pririty themes* in Natinal Cnvergence Operatinal Prgrammes fr the prgramming perid referring t Lisbn and Gthenburg themes...37 FIGURE 5 Pririty themes* in Natinal Cmpetitiveness Operatinal Prgrammes fr the prgramming perid within referring t Lisbn and Gthenburg themes...38 FIGURE 6 Prprtins f envirnmental funding fr different themes, FIGURE 7 Breakdwn f EU planned investments fr transprt in EU-27 accrding t mde, FIGURE 8 Breakdwn f EU funds fr transprt in CEE10 cuntries accrding t mde, FIGURE 9 Allcatin f climate change investments accrding t categry themes, FIGURE 10 EHS refrm tl...50 LIST OF BOXES Bx 1 Subsidies fr the raw tbacc sectr...29 Bx 2 Structural and Chesin Funds fr incineratin plants...46 Bx 3 Via Baltica expressway

11 EU Subsidies fr plluting and unsustainable practices EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Subsidies are a pervasive phenmenn intercnnected directly r indirectly t mst f the cnsumptin and prductin activities that take place in ur daily lives. Several sectrs benefit frm supprt given by natinal gvernments that in principle seek t achieve laudable bjectives, but that in many cases ends up having envirnmentally harmful sideeffects and ften benefiting pwerful rather than needy grups. Subsidies are nt inherently bad, nevertheless, when they are aligned twards sustainability, they might have t cmpete with ther unsustainable activities that als receive public supprt, which culd decrease their efficiency. The EU has cmmitted itself t gradually phase ut envirnmentally harmful subsidies (EHS) fr example thrugh the refrm f agricultural and fisheries plicies. Nnetheless, there is still a lt t d t have a mre sustainable EU budget and thus, cmpatible with the targets f the EU2020 Strategy. This reprt prvides an verview f the EU sectral plicies (agriculture, chesin plicy, transprt, energy and fisheries) that benefit frm public supprt and that, at the same time, are linked t the main unwanted side effects. Explicitly, the scpe is set n n-budget subsidies (i.e. subsidies visible in the EU budget as public expenditure). Agriculture The Cmmn Agricultural Plicy (CAP) cmprises market related expenditure and direct aids (first pillar, 42.5 billin) as well as expenditure n rural develpment (secnd pillar, 14.4 billin) in It is thus ne f the largest items f the EU budget. The 2003 CAP refrm remved a large part f the envirnmentally harmful subsidies by decupling agricultural supprt frm prductin levels. This reduced incentives leading t ver-prductin and intensificatin f farming methds. The new supprt-scheme is subject t "crss-cmpliance" cnditins relating t envirnmental, fd safety and animal welfare standards. Nnetheless, the envirnmental benefits delivered by these standards are disprprtinately small as cmpared t the prvided payments. Likewise, mst f the Member States have riented the decupled payments twards histric prductin levels, which particularly favurs large and intensive prducers instead f small farm units that supprt the deliverance f envirnmental benefits via traditinal farming. 9

12 Plicy Department A: Ecnmic and Scientific Plicy RECOMMENDATIONS The payment scheme shuld be rientated twards envirnmental cmpnents ging beynd the existing crss-cmpliance standards and thereby supprting traditinal farming methds rather than intensive prductin schemes. The envirnmental benefits delivered by crss-cmpliance standards are disprprtinately small as cmpared t the prvided payments. The adptin f measurable targets and the establishment f an utput mnitring mechanism wuld increase the effectiveness f the crss-cmpliance standards. Cnsidering the need t spend public mney fr public gds, the basic payments shuld be linked t the payments that remunerate the prvisin f public gds and maintain the natural capital. The remunerated public gds shuld be extended and take int cnsideratin a higher variety f public gds prvided by agriculture. Structural and Chesin Plicy The Eurpean Structural and Chesin Funds are mst essential t reduce scial and ecnmic disparities between the Eurpean regins. The chesin plicy earmarks 344 billin fr the prgramming perid , distributed amng its three pririties: cnvergence 1 (81.5%), reginal cmpetitiveness and emplyment 2 (16%) and territrial cperatin 3 (2.5%). The envirnmental expenditure amunts t 105 billin, the highest ever. Abut 21 categries (ut f 86) have an eclgical fcus, such as prmtin f clean urban transprt, renewable energy (wind, slar, bimass, hydrelectric, gethermal and ther), energy efficiency, assistance t SMEs fr the prmtin f envirnmentally-friendly prducts and prductin prcesses (ec-innvatin in SMEs), cycle tracks, etc. At large, the expenditure is mre riented twards end-f-pipe appraches such as management f husehld and industrial waste, rehabilitatin f industrial sites and cntaminated land (ca. 69% f the financial vlume), than twards preventin appraches such as integrated preventin and pllutin cntrl r risk preventin (ca. 31% f the financial vlume) f prjects. 1 Cnvergence cmprises prmtin f grwth-enhancing cnditins and factrs leading t cnvergence fr the least-develped Member States and regins. 2 Reginal cmpetitiveness and emplyment cmprises prmtin f ecnmic change thrugh innvatin and the supprt f the knwledge sciety, entrepreneurship, prtectin f the envirnment, and imprvement f their accessibility. 3 Territrial cperatin, including crss-brder and transnatinal cperatin, cmprises jint lcal and reginal initiatives, and interreginal c-peratin and exchange f experience. 10

13 EU Subsidies fr plluting and unsustainable practices Mre than 62% f the budget is selected fr infrastructure investments prjects in the field f transprt (i.e., envirnmentally-friendly transprt mdes such as railways) and waste and waste water. A further 13% refers t rehabilitatin and regeneratin prjects. It is striking that direct climate change investments nly amunt t 9.1% (2.6% f the ttal Structural and Chesin Funds budget), as well as that subsidies fr renewable energies represent 8.6% f the envirnmental budget (1.5% f the ttal budget). Supprt fr ecinnvatin is nly 2.4% (0.7% f ttal funding), while prjects within the field natural heritage and bidiversity amunt t 5% (1.5% f ttal). RECOMMENDATIONS The EU chesin plicy shuld supprt Eurpean pririties. Thus, investments shuld fcus n prjects that deliver the largest envirnmental benefits at Eurpean level. In this cntext, financial supprt given thrugh the Structural and Chesin Funds shuld be envirnmentally and cst effective in the lng term. Therefre, the EU shuld primarily supprt slutins that have prven envirnmental and cst effectiveness ver time. In rder t increase the cherence within and acrss Eurpean plicies, the Structural and Chesin Funds shuld be part and result f an integrated strategy. The systematic inclusin f the term resurce efficiency in chesin plicies is necessary t increase the cherence between plicies. The assessment f the effectiveness f the Structural and Chesin Funds requires mre transparency and better reprting frm Member States. In this cntext, the reprting methdlgy shuld rather fcus n results than n financial perfrmance. T this end, a cmprehensive system f envirnmental reprting mechanisms shuld be applied thrughut the whle prgramming cycle. The ex ante, mid-term and ex pst evaluatins shuld make use f the Sustainable Develpment Indicatrs (SDIs). The current indicatrs used primarily fcus n management and financial cntrl. Evaluatin shuld intrduce indicatrs fr measuring the envirnmental impacts. Green Public Prcurement shuld be incrprated as a cnditin fr granting funds. Transprt and energy Transprt and energy expenditure is related t several headings f the budget. Cmmitments fr transprt expenditures in the 2011 draft EU budget amunt t 13.8 billin. 85% f the cmmitments are thrugh the Structural and Chesin Funds including cntributins t Trans-Eurpean Netwrks Transprt (TEN-T) prjects, and 9% are fr TEN-T prjects directly. Transprt research has a 4% share, and inland, air and maritime transprt 1%. In general terms, the EU budget needs t allcate better the expenditure related t transprt and undertake a shift f resurces t mre sustainable transprt areas. As fr energy, the expenditures in the 2011 draft EU budget amunt t 2.9 billin. 54% f the cmmitments are thrugh the Structural and Chesin Funds including cntributins t Trans-Eurpean Netwrks Energy (TEN-E) prjects, 1% is fr TEN-E prject directly. 11

14 Plicy Department A: Ecnmic and Scientific Plicy Fusin energy has a share f 14%, energy research under different titles 12%, nuclear energy under different titles 12%, and cnventinal and renewable energies 4%. Althugh energy expenditure appears t perfrm well, the results f the assessment carried ut have t be interpreted cautiusly as several items have been left ut the assessment (e.g. fusin and fissin energy, carbn capture and strage) due t the uncertainty related t their sustainability. RECOMMENDATIONS Supprt fr the transprt sectr shuld ensure that there is n assciated increase f the greenhuse gas emissins. Thus, the EU shuld re-fcus its investment n urban and reginal public transprt, sustainable traffic management, cycling, rail transprt, and intermdal infrastructure shifting freight frm rad t rail. On the basis f the assessment carried ut, a shift f the investment shuld be encuraged frm nn-sustainable t sustainable energy surces, which wuld cntribute t the reductin f greenhuse gas emissins. A synpsis f existing sectral envirnmental and sustainability assessments (like TERM r the Energy and Envirnment Reprts f the Eurpean Envirnment Agency) is an essential recmmendable tl t deliver insights f plicy impacts and t vercme methdlgical and data cnstraints that limit cmparisns f specific sectral analyses. Mrever, fcused analyses f certain budget headings and budget titles with respect t sustainability indicatrs are als recmmended. Fisheries The Eurpean Fishing industry faces immense challenges in ecnmical, eclgical and scial respects. In an effrt t supprt the transitin f the sectr, the Eurpean Unin and its Member States grant subsidies t the fishing industry. A variety f subsidies have been eliminated, such as the cnstructin f new vessels, and funds have been redirected t prgrams aimed at reducing fleet capacity, but the verall fishing capacity has nt been sufficiently reduced t date. In fact, the EU has failed t meet the sustainability bjectives laid ut in the CFP. T many bats cntinue t chase t few fish; subsidies have cntributed t this. Likewise, it remains a challenge t align the respective management and cntrl systems in such a way that fisheries subsidies d nt cause harm t fish resurces, which wuld require an imprvement f the regulatry framewrk. 12

15 EU Subsidies fr plluting and unsustainable practices RECOMMENDATIONS Supprt t the fisheries sectr shuld be subject t the achievement f the bjectives f the CFP and t the fulfilment f reprting requirements by Member States. Thus, nn-cmpliance with the CFP rules shuld have an effect n the availability f funds. Mre effrts n the fstering transparency are needed t assess the extent t which the subsidy helps t achieve the bjectives f the CFP. Ptentially gd subsidies shall be fstered, such as participatin in the mnitring and cntrl regime f fisheries; scientific research fr stck assessments; reductin f impacts n marine habitats and ecsystems; research and training in the use f envirnmentally friendly fishing techniques r aquaculture activities; and retraining fishermen fr alternative emplyment pprtunities. Ptentially harmful subsidies shall be phased ut, such as cntributins t perating csts, prcessing activities r price supprt; aid fr individual fishing peratins and vessel mdificatin; and payments fr fishing access in third cuntry waters. Cnclusin EU subsidies in the fields f agriculture, chesin plicy, transprt, energy and fisheries have unintended harmful effects in the envirnment. The results f this study suggest a mre detailed assessment that wuld eventually lead t a phasing ut f envirnmentally harmful subsidies. T this end, it is necessary t assess in depth the direct and indirect effects f current EU subsidy framewrk and prceed t refrm. The EHS refrm tls culd be a gd basis fr the prpsed assessment (fr mre infrmatin see Valsecchi et al., 2009). A study drawing n cuntry-specific research and expertise within Member States pints ut that (t)here is general recgnitin that the structure f the budget des nt reflect the EU s plitical bjectives and plicy pririties. In brad terms, the cnsultatin indicates a need fr increased spending n the envirnment, energy and cmpetitiveness, research and knwledge as well as greater crss-plicy cherence in meeting EU gals in these areas ( ) (Bachtler et al., 2009). The assessment f several budget items has highlighted the need f mre transparency in terms f sund infrmatin and mnitring f the impacts f plicies. The Eurpean Transparency Initiative (Eurpean Cmmissin, 2006b; 2007h), which amng ther issues addresses the management and use f Cmmunity funds, culd be the basis fr this task. Likewise, there is a need t imprve mnitring systems and t increase reprting effrts frm Member States. This culd imprve decisin-making and enable a mre efficient assignment f ecnmic resurces. The current ecnmic situatin prvides a gd pprtunity t change trends and carry ut a shift frm envirnmentally harmful subsidies twards subsidies that culd supprt the EU2020 visin. Investments n envirnmentally friendly-agriculture, energy and resurce efficiency, renewable energies, sustainable mbility, ec-friendly technlgies, etc. culd imprve cmpetitiveness and increase emplyment in sectrs that are cnsidered t be crucial in the shrt, mid and lng term. 13

16 Plicy Department A: Ecnmic and Scientific Plicy RECOMMENDATIONS Carry ut a full EHS refrm tl analysis f the critical budget titles in rder t prvide clear and well-funded recmmendatins fr plitical actin t remve unsustainable elements f the EU budget. When granting funds, the EU shuld ensure that the envirnmental pillar is nt undervalued in benefit f ther interests, creating thereby win-win situatins. Increase the effrts in fstering sund infrmatin and transparency in line with the Eurpean Transparency Initiative. Encurage Member States t increase their effrt in reprting s as t imprve the assessment f the effectiveness f the funds ntably with respect t Structural and Chesin Funds and fisheries, and t prvide thereby the necessary infrmatin t allw an effective allcatin f funds. 14

17 EU Subsidies fr plluting and unsustainable practices 1. INTRODUCTION Subsidies are a pervasive phenmenn intercnnected directly r indirectly t mst f the cnsumptin and prductin activities that take place in ur daily lives. Sectrs such as agriculture, energy, water, transprt, manufacturing, frestry r fishery benefit frm supprt given by natinal gvernments that in principle seek t achieve laudable bjectives, but that in many cases ends up having envirnmentally harmful side-effects (OECD, 2005) and ften benefiting pwerful rather than needy grups (Myers and Kent, 2001). Currently there are n universally accepted definitins f what subsidies and envirnmental harmful subsidies (EHS) are. The existing definitins depend n the perspective and characteristics f the assessments and s d the issues cvered 4 (e.g. n-budget subsidies, ff-budget subsidies, internalisatin f externalities, etc.). A number f studies have examined envirnmentally harmful subsidies in recent years, fr example Valsecchi et al. (2009), FÖS (2008), IEEP et al. (2007), Brunner and Huytn (2007), OECD (2005) and Kjellingbr and Sktte (2005). Valsecchi et al. (2009) prvide the fllwing definitins fr EHS, based n the previus wrk f the OECD (1998; 2005): A result f a gvernment actin that cnfers an advantage n cnsumers r prducers, in rder t supplement their incme r lwer their csts, but in ding s, discriminates against sund envirnmental practices. All ther things being equal, the [envirnmentally harmful] subsidy increases the levels f utput/use f a natural resurce and therefre increases the level f waste, pllutin and natural explitatin t thse cnnected. The use f subsidies is nt new in the ecnmy. Histrically gvernments have tended t manipulate market prices thrugh the use f subsidies in rder t supprt ecnmic sectrs, institutins, business r individuals in the develpment f activities that therwise wuld have develped unfavurably. Public institutins have mainly addressed ecnmic and scial aspects thrugh the applicatin f subsidies, but since the first UN Cnference n the Human Envirnment (Stckhlm 1972) and the increasing prminence f the cncept f sustainable develpment, the imprtance f the envirnmental dimensin is cnstantly grwing and is currently an imprtant mtivatin fr the assignment f subsidies (van Beers and de Mr, 2001). Gvernment interventin in markets usually has a laudable mtivatin targeted at increasing the welfare f sciety. Examples f mtivatins behind subsidies include the prtectin f natinal sectrs frm external cmpetitin, the supprt f emplyment and incme f sme ppulatin segments, etc. (Barde and Hnkatukia, 2003). Unfrtunately, subsidies d nt always fulfil the intended purpse and have negative side effects. In this vein, these actins can result in failures that have cunterprductive effects in regard t ther plicies aimed at crrecting market failures r in unintended negative welfare effects that are larger than the psitive welfare effects achieved by the subsidy (van Beers and de Mr, 2001). Examples f these subsidies include: 1. agricultural subsidies that fster an intensive mdel f agriculture ften cnnected t lss f bilgical diversity and harmful emissins int sil, air and water; 2. energy subsidies prmting CO 2 -emissins; 15

18 Plicy Department A: Ecnmic and Scientific Plicy 3. subsidies fr fisheries that cntribute t vercapacities in fishing fleets and thus, endangering lcal fish ppulatins; 4. transprt subsidies that prmte unsustainable means f transprt, etc. Subsidies are nt inherently bad. There are subsidies that, fr instance, supprt the develpment f renewable energies, fster envirnmentally friendly agriculture r prmte sustainable means f transprt. Nevertheless, this expenditure is usually inefficient, as these measures need t cunteract the envirnmental damage caused by the EHS. This fact reduces the verall envirnmental gain f the applicatin f subsidies (Barde and Hnkatukia, 2003) Subsidies as a pervasive phenmenn There is n agreement n the ttal mnetary value f subsidies thrughut the wrld. Differences arise nt nly due t the lack f an agreed definitin fr the term subsidy, which in fact changes between sectrs and cuntries, but als fr the limitatin f cmplete data and fr a cmmn accunting framewrk that wuld increase the cmparability f different estimatins acrss sectrs and cuntries. Steenblik argues that effrts shuld be increased t prvide practical criteria t supprt the quantificatin f subsidies rather than t argue fr a cnceptually perfect definitin (IEEP et al., 2007). The OECD is currently wrking n a cmmn reprting framewrk that will supprt the partial vercming f these barriers (ibid.). The OECD estimates that an amunt nt lwer than $400 billin is given fr supprting different sectrs in OECD cuntries. The mst recent sectral data is fr 2002 (Barde and Hnkatukia, 2003; OECD, 2005). Van Beers and de Mr (2001) estimate the amunt f subsidies in OECD cuntries t be at $725 billin per year (fr the perid ) and $1,065 billin fr the whle wrld. This represents abut 4% f the wrld GDP. The structural differences f the public supprt given t different sectrs are shwn in Table 1. Table 1: Estimates f the annual public subsidies fr the perid billin $ OECD Nn-OECD Wrld Natural resurce sectrs Agriculture Water Frestry Fisheries Mining Subttal Energy and industry sectrs Energy Rad transprt Manufacturing industry 55 negligible 55 Subttal Ttal ,065 Ttal in % GDP Surce: van Beers and de Mr (2001). 4 Fr mre infrmatin n the issues cvered by the definitins given by ESA, WTO r OECD see IEEP et al. (2007). 16

19 EU Subsidies fr plluting and unsustainable practices As mentined abve, many f these subsidies have unwanted envirnmental effects and d nt achieve their intended aim. This situatin results in an inefficient allcatin f resurces that culd therwise be used in ther ambits. Fr instance, the amunt f 4% GDP (van Beers and de Mr 2001) dedicated t subsidies is much higher than the Official Develpment Aid (OECD, 2007). It is als higher than the required investment (1% GDP during the next 2 years) t seed a significant greening f the glbal ecnmy in the cntext f UNEP s Green New Deal (UNEP, 2009) r the needed investments t stabilise the atmspheric CO 2 cncentratin at ppm (annual 1% GDP until 2050) (Stern, 2007) Plitical cmmitments t remve EHS The prblem f EHS is nt new, neither is the aim f remving them. Fr example, in 1987 the Wrld Cmmissin fr Envirnment and Develpment mentined in Our Cmmn Future, als knwn as the Brundtland reprt, the distrtins in the envirnment caused by EHS. Since then, the cncept f sustainable develpment has increasingly gained imprtance within and ut f the EU and has thus becme a guiding principle f majr plicies at EU and cuntry level. The imprtance f the remval f EHS frm plicies has had majr recgnitin at all scales during the last decade. The UN highlighted in the frmal utput f the UN Wrld Summit fr Sustainable Develpment f Jhannesburg in 2002 the need t refrm f subsidies that have cnsiderable negative effects n the envirnment and are incmpatible with sustainable develpment (UN, 2002). In this line, the OECD called in its envirnmental strategy fr a fiscal refrm that wuld enable the remval f the EHS (OECD, 2001). Als the EU is has made the remval f EHS a plitical bjective. In this vein, the 6 th Cmmunity Envirnmental Actin Prgramme, which cvers the perid , tk the same bjective (Eurpean Cmmunities, 2002). The Integrated Guidelines fr Grwth and Jbs ( ) and the recently launched EU 2020 Strategy thrugh its Flagship Initiative n Resurce Efficient Eurpe als call fr a refrm t prgressively eliminate the EHS (Eurpean Cmmissin, 2007a; 2010a). The Strategy als emphasises the need t imprve the effectiveness and efficiency f the existing EU budget thrugh strnger priritisatin and better alignment f EU expenditure with the gals f the Eurpe 2020 as the budget must play a central rle in achieving the EU2020 bjectives (Eurpean Parliament, 2010). The Cmmissin has taken the first steps in phasing ut the EHS thrugh the refrm f fisheries plicy and as part f the CAP health check (Eurpean Cmmissin, 2009a). Other actins include the call fr develping a radmap fr a sectral refrm f the EHS aimed at phasing ut EHS (Eurpean Cuncil, 2006; Eurpean Cmmissin, 2007b) and the recmmendatin t develp an indicatr representing relevance f EHS, which wuld be part f the s-called Sustainable Develpment Indicatrs (Eurstat 2007; 2009). Effrts f the EU als include the funding f studies n the pssibilities and barriers fr remving the EHS (see fr example IEEP et al., 2007; Valsecchi et al., 2009). Mre recently the Cuncil cnclusins f 20 December 2010 (Eurpean Cuncil, 2010) have reiterated its "lngstanding invitatin t the Cmmissin t present a radmap fr the remval f subsidies that have cnsiderable negative effects n the envirnment s as t allw the mnitring and further regular reprting n prgress frm 2011 nwards, taking int accunt the Eurpe 2020 Strategy". 17

20 Plicy Department A: Ecnmic and Scientific Plicy 1.3. Changing unsustainable trends The call fr the phasing ut f EHS is unanimus within gvernment institutins at all levels (e.g. UN, OECD, WTO and EU) and civil sciety rganisatins (see fr example EEB 2004a; 2004b; FE, 2010; BirdLife Eurpe, 2010). But if there is an apparent cnsensus n the need t remve EHS, what is hindering the prcess? Van Beers and de Mr (2001) identify three types f bstacles (ecnmic, plitical and institutinal) that hamper the remval f EHS and thus, the extent f what they refer t as the addictin t subsidies. The effectiveness f the barriers depends n the nature f the subsidy and n the level f ecnmic develpment. The ecnmic barriers are the result f the s-called rent-seeking behaviur and f high adjustment csts. The subsidisatin f an activity ften induces the recipient t increase the prductin and the investment in rder t maximize its benefit, which makes him dependent n the subsidy. In these cases, the remval f the subsidy will have imprtant adjustment csts that might lead t bankrupt r t the need t further increase the prductin level in rder t adapt t the new situatin. Plitical barriers arise when rent-seeking behaviur leads t the cnslidatin f pwerful grups (lbbies) that will ppse t a refrm that decreases their prfit. A subsidy refrm makes visible the lsers (the recipients), but des nt clearly expse all the ptential beneficiaries, which creates imbalances n the incentives t defend each grup s interests. Furthermre, the remval f subsidies might als have negative effects n internatinal cmpetitiveness f natinal cmpanies and therefre n emplyment. Institutinal barriers are ften mtivated by the aim f gvernments t get plitical supprt frm the lbbying grups, which are an imprtant piece f plitical stability. Efficiently refrming r assigning a subsidy is nt an easy task. The unintended side effects and the barriers that arise after the earmarking f subsidies shw that it is essential t assess the interlinkages between the ecnmy, the sciety and the envirnment. The way f carrying ut the refrm is als a cmplex issue. EHS can be addressed separately r in a brader cntext that wuld als include the greening f the tax base thrugh an envirnmental fiscal refrm, shifting the tax burden frm welfare-negative taxes (n labur, capital, cnsumptin) t welfare-psitive taxes (n envirnmental externalities), and n refrming subsidies, sme f which are harmful t the envirnment and may have utlived their riginal purpse (EEA, 2006a). The current ecnmic situatin in the aftermath f the financial crisis requires the assessment f the past and the chice f the future (ecnmic) develpment path. Many cuntries within and utside the EU are currently limited by high public deficits, which might create the mmentum fr cutting envirnmentally harmful subsidies and thus, fr alleviating verburdened budgets Scpe f the assessment This reprt identifies the key terms f the EU sectral plicies that will supprt decisinmaking in the cntext f a hypthetical refrm f subsidies that d nt meet the criteria f sustainability. Explicitly, the scpe is set n n-budget subsidies. The n-budget apprach cmprises subsidies that are visible in the EU budget as public expenditure and includes measures such as direct and ptential transfer f funds (e.g. grants, lans in nn-market cnditins, cverage f liability, etc.) and prvisin f gds and services. 18

Factsheet on 2014-2020 Rural Development Programme for Sicily

Factsheet on 2014-2020 Rural Development Programme for Sicily Factsheet n 2014-2020 Rural Develpment Prgramme fr Sicily The Rural Develpment Prgramme (RDP) fr Sicily was frmally adpted by the Eurpean Cmmissin n 24 Nvember 2015, utlining Sicily's pririties fr using

More information

High Level Meeting on National Drought Policy (HMNDP) CICG, Geneva 11-15 March 2013

High Level Meeting on National Drought Policy (HMNDP) CICG, Geneva 11-15 March 2013 High Level Meeting n Natinal Drught Plicy (HMNDP) CICG, Geneva 11-15 March 2013 Plicy Dcument: Natinal Drught Management Plicy United Natins Cnventin t Cmbat Desertificatin (UNCCD) Fd and Agriculture Organizatin

More information

Marketing Consultancy Division (MCD) Export Consultancy Unit (ECU) Export in Focus. Export Market Expansion Strategies. Rabi-I, 1427 (April, 2006)

Marketing Consultancy Division (MCD) Export Consultancy Unit (ECU) Export in Focus. Export Market Expansion Strategies. Rabi-I, 1427 (April, 2006) Marketing Cnsultancy Divisin (MCD) Exprt Cnsultancy Unit (ECU) Exprt in Fcus Exprt Market Expansin Strategies Rabi-I, 1427 (April, 2006) 1 Exprt Market Expansin Strategies Intrductin It is clear that glbalizatin

More information

Equal Pay Audit 2014 Summary

Equal Pay Audit 2014 Summary Equal Pay Audit 2014 Summary Abut the dcument The fllwing summary is an abridged versin f Ofcm s equal pay audit 2014. In the full versin f the reprt we set ut ur key findings, cmment n any issues arising

More information

IEMA Practitioner Volume 14 Supporting Information www.iema.net/practitioner/14

IEMA Practitioner Volume 14 Supporting Information www.iema.net/practitioner/14 IEMA Practitiner Vlume 14 Supprting Infrmatin www.iema.net/practitiner/14 Title: Engaging and Re-engineering the Supply Chain Authr: Sam Balch Organisatin: Glbal Actin Plan There are a number f reasns

More information

CASSOWARY COAST REGIONAL COUNCIL POLICY ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT

CASSOWARY COAST REGIONAL COUNCIL POLICY ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT CASSOWARY COAST REGIONAL COUNCIL POLICY ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT Plicy Number: 2.20 1. Authrity Lcal Gvernment Act 2009 Lcal Gvernment Regulatin 2012 AS/NZS ISO 31000-2009 Risk Management Principles

More information

This report provides Members with an update on of the financial performance of the Corporation s managed IS service contract with Agilisys Ltd.

This report provides Members with an update on of the financial performance of the Corporation s managed IS service contract with Agilisys Ltd. Cmmittee: Date(s): Infrmatin Systems Sub Cmmittee 11 th March 2015 Subject: Agilisys Managed Service Financial Reprt Reprt f: Chamberlain Summary Public Fr Infrmatin This reprt prvides Members with an

More information

1 Focus Area: Water & Urbanization

1 Focus Area: Water & Urbanization 1 Fcus Area: Water & Urbanizatin Water & Urbanizatin addresses Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM), fld risk management in cities, climate change and urban areas, management f newly urbanized areas,

More information

Change Management Process

Change Management Process Change Management Prcess B1.10 Change Management Prcess 1. Intrductin This plicy utlines [Yur Cmpany] s apprach t managing change within the rganisatin. All changes in strategy, activities and prcesses

More information

Submission of the Canadian Association for Graduate Studies to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance on the 2015 Federal Budget

Submission of the Canadian Association for Graduate Studies to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance on the 2015 Federal Budget Submissin f the Canadian Assciatin fr Graduate Studies t the Huse f Cmmns Standing Cmmittee n Finance n the 2015 Federal Budget Summary The Canadian Assciatin fr Graduate Studies (CAGS) thanks the Huse

More information

THE STATE OF PLAY IN SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING IN THE EUROPEAN UNION EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

THE STATE OF PLAY IN SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING IN THE EUROPEAN UNION EXECUTIVE SUMMARY THE STATE OF PLAY IN SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING IN THE EUROPEAN UNION EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Katelijne van Wensen MSc (CREM), Wijnand Brer MSc (CREM), Jhanna Klein MSc (adelphi), Jutta Knpf PhD (adelphi) This

More information

ATLAS on substance use (2010) Resources for the prevention and treatment of substance use disorders

ATLAS on substance use (2010) Resources for the prevention and treatment of substance use disorders INTRODUCTION Dimensins f psychactive substance use and dependence The use f alchl and ther psychactive substances alters bth the functin and, ultimately, the structure f the brain by the altered stimulatin

More information

Gravesham Borough Council

Gravesham Borough Council Classificatin: Part 1 Public Key Decisin: Please specify - N Gravesham Brugh Cuncil Reprt t: Perfrmance and Administratin Cmmittee Date: 12 Nvember 2015 Reprting fficer: Subject: Crprate Perfrmance Manager

More information

Better Practice Guide Financial Considerations for Government use of Cloud Computing

Better Practice Guide Financial Considerations for Government use of Cloud Computing Better Practice Guide Financial Cnsideratins fr Gvernment use f Clud Cmputing Nvember 2011 Intrductin Many Australian Gvernment agencies are in the prcess f cnsidering the adptin f clud-based slutins.

More information

Represent New College Stamford at both national and regional events and serve on appropriate external committees.

Represent New College Stamford at both national and regional events and serve on appropriate external committees. JOB DESCRIPTION Pst: Reprts t: Respnsible fr: Executive Directr Partnerships & Skills Principal and Chief Executive Apprenticeship Develpment Manager Head f Marketing Business Sales Team Salary: Attractive

More information

POLISH STANDARDS ON HEALTH AND SAFETY AS A TOOL FOR IMPLEMENTING REQUIREMENTS OF THE EUROPEAN DIRECTIVES INTO THE PRACTICE OF ENTERPRISES

POLISH STANDARDS ON HEALTH AND SAFETY AS A TOOL FOR IMPLEMENTING REQUIREMENTS OF THE EUROPEAN DIRECTIVES INTO THE PRACTICE OF ENTERPRISES POLISH STANDARDS ON HEALTH AND SAFETY AS A TOOL FOR IMPLEMENTING REQUIREMENTS OF THE EUROPEAN DIRECTIVES INTO THE PRACTICE OF ENTERPRISES M. PĘCIŁŁO Central Institute fr Labur Prtectin ul. Czerniakwska

More information

MANITOBA SECURITIES COMMISSION STRATEGIC PLAN 2013-2016

MANITOBA SECURITIES COMMISSION STRATEGIC PLAN 2013-2016 MANITOBA SECURITIES COMMISSION STRATEGIC PLAN 2013-2016 The Manitba Securities Cmmissin (the Cmmissin) is a divisin f the Manitba Financial Services Agency (MFSA). The ther divisin is the Financial Institutins

More information

Internal Audit Charter and operating standards

Internal Audit Charter and operating standards Internal Audit Charter and perating standards 2 1 verview This dcument sets ut the basis fr internal audit: (i) the Internal Audit charter, which establishes the framewrk fr Internal Audit; and (ii) hw

More information

AN ROINN OIDEACHAIS THE LEAVING CERTIFICATE

AN ROINN OIDEACHAIS THE LEAVING CERTIFICATE AN ROINN OIDEACHAIS THE LEAVING CERTIFICATE BUSINESS SYLLABUS (HIGHER LEVEL and ORDINARY LEVEL 1 Cntents Preamble (ii) 1. Intrductin 1 2. Structure f the syllabus 3 3. Business syllabus Peple in business

More information

SUPPORTING SMEs IN A TIME OF CRISIS: HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT ACTIONS

SUPPORTING SMEs IN A TIME OF CRISIS: HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT ACTIONS Organisatin fr Ecnmic C-peratin and Develpment Lcal Ecnmic and Emplyment Develpment Prgramme SUPPORTING SMEs IN A TIME OF CRISIS: HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT ACTIONS A Capacity Building Seminar fr Plicy Makers

More information

Summary of online survey on contributions

Summary of online survey on contributions Summary f nline survey n cntributins Frm June 20 th t July 14 th an nline-based cnsultatin was pened fr feedback n key questins cncerning the legal acts fr cntributins f credit institutins t reslutin financing

More information

DTO Advice Note. Mobility Management Plans

DTO Advice Note. Mobility Management Plans DUBLIN TRANSPORTATION OFFICE PREAMBLE s what and why are they? The s are intended as guidance fr Lcal Authrities and thers invlved in land use planning and develpment in the Greater Dublin Area. The need

More information

Duration of job. Context and environment: (e.g. dept description, region description, organogram)

Duration of job. Context and environment: (e.g. dept description, region description, organogram) Rle Prfile Jb Descriptin Jb Title Ref n: Prgramme Manager, Services fr Internatinal Educatin Marketing Directrate r Regin East Asia Department/Cuntry Indnesia Lcatin f pst Jakarta Pay Band G Reprts t Senir

More information

Pilot Learning Group. Round Table Action Learning Session 1: Models of partnership working

Pilot Learning Group. Round Table Action Learning Session 1: Models of partnership working Pilt Learning Grup Rund Table Actin Learning Sessin 1: Mdels f partnership wrking Intrductin The Academy fr Justice (AJC) pilt learning grup was established fllwing a requirement t develp Learning Grups

More information

Implementing an electronic document and records management system using SharePoint 7

Implementing an electronic document and records management system using SharePoint 7 Reprt title Agenda item Implementing an electrnic dcument and recrds management system using SharePint 7 Meeting Finance, Prcurement & Prperty Cmmittee 16 June 2008 Date Reprt by Dcument Number Head f

More information

CAPITALISATION PLAN PLAN FOR CAPITALISATION OF PROJECT RESULTS

CAPITALISATION PLAN PLAN FOR CAPITALISATION OF PROJECT RESULTS CAPITALISATION PLAN PLAN FOR CAPITALISATION OF PROJECT RESULTS INTRODUCTION Easy Finance Capitalisatin Plan identifies the strategy t ensure explitatin and sustainability f the prject beynd prject s develpment

More information

Systems Load Testing Appendix

Systems Load Testing Appendix Systems Lad Testing Appendix 1 Overview As usage f the Blackbard Academic Suite grws and its availability requirements increase, many custmers lk t understand the capability f its infrastructure. As part

More information

Terms of Reference for the Fire Review Panel

Terms of Reference for the Fire Review Panel Terms f Reference fr the Fire Review Panel Purpse The Fire Review Panel (the Panel) is appinted t prvide independent advice t the Minister f Internal Affairs (the Minister) abut hw the Gvernment can achieve:

More information

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION. Statement of Thomas F. O Brien. Vice President & Chief Information Officer

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION. Statement of Thomas F. O Brien. Vice President & Chief Information Officer UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION Revised Critical Infrastructure Prtectin Reliability Standards Dcket N. RM15-14-000 Statement f Thmas F. O Brien Vice President & Chief Infrmatin

More information

CMS Eligibility Requirements Checklist for MSSP ACO Participation

CMS Eligibility Requirements Checklist for MSSP ACO Participation ATTACHMENT 1 CMS Eligibility Requirements Checklist fr MSSP ACO Participatin 1. General Eligibility Requirements ACO participants wrk tgether t manage and crdinate care fr Medicare fee-fr-service beneficiaries.

More information

ENQA Strategic Plan 2011-15

ENQA Strategic Plan 2011-15 1 ENQA Strategic Plan 2011-15 ENQA s Strategic Framewrk VISION Eurpean higher educatin cmmitted t a culture f quality MISSION T cntribute significantly t the maintenance and enhancement f the quality f

More information

European programmes and strategic engagements

European programmes and strategic engagements Eurpean prgrammes and strategic engagements NOC Assciatin 30 th March 2015 Mrs Jacky Wd Deputy Directr JPI Oceans Secretariat Email jkw@rcn.n http://www.jpi-ceans.eu/ Fcus n 3 Eurpean level Initiatives

More information

Basics of Supply Chain Management

Basics of Supply Chain Management The Champlain Valley APICS Chapter is a premier prfessinal assciatin fr supply chain and peratins management and wrking tgether with the APICS rganizatin the leading prvider f research, educatin and certificatin

More information

Human Resources Policy pol-020

Human Resources Policy pol-020 Human Resurces Plicy pl-020 Versin: 2.00 Last amendment: Jul 2014 Next Review: Jul 2017 Apprved By: Cuncil Date: 04 May 2005 Cntact Officer: Directr, Office f Human Resurce Services INTRODUCTION The University

More information

Verification statement

Verification statement Verificatin statement Verificatin f a GHG calculatin tl fr the graphic industry against is 14064-1 Client : ClimateCalc Cnsrtium EEIG Rue Barastraat 175 B-1070 Brussels Prject number : 11.0260 Envirnmental

More information

Corporate Standards for data quality and the collation of data for external presentation

Corporate Standards for data quality and the collation of data for external presentation The University f Kent Crprate Standards fr data quality and the cllatin f data fr external presentatin This paper intrduces a set f standards with the aim f safeguarding the University s psitin in published

More information

Job Profile Data & Reporting Analyst (Grant Fund)

Job Profile Data & Reporting Analyst (Grant Fund) Jb Prfile Data & Reprting Analyst (Grant Fund) Directrate Lcatin Reprts t Hurs Finance Slihull Finance Directr Nminally 37 hurs but peratinally available at all times t meet Cmpany requirements Cntract

More information

Information Day Green Vehicles session State of play of the implementation of the Multi-annual Roadmap

Information Day Green Vehicles session State of play of the implementation of the Multi-annual Roadmap Infrmatin Day Green Vehicles sessin State f play f the implementatin f the Multi-annual Radmap Jean-Luc di PAOLA-GALLONI 16 th Octber 2015 - Brussels Multiannual Radmap 2014-2020 The EGVI PPP Multiannual

More information

Research Report. Abstract: The Emerging Intersection Between Big Data and Security Analytics. November 2012

Research Report. Abstract: The Emerging Intersection Between Big Data and Security Analytics. November 2012 Research Reprt Abstract: The Emerging Intersectin Between Big Data and Security Analytics By Jn Oltsik, Senir Principal Analyst With Jennifer Gahm Nvember 2012 2012 by The Enterprise Strategy Grup, Inc.

More information

Department of Economic Development. Vocational Training Financial Support Scheme Guidance Document. Updated December 2014

Department of Economic Development. Vocational Training Financial Support Scheme Guidance Document. Updated December 2014 Department f Ecnmic Develpment Vcatinal Training Financial Supprt Scheme Guidance Dcument Updated December 2014 Cntents: 1. Purpse f the Dcument 2 2. Intrductin 2 3. Eligibility 3 4. Financial Assistance

More information

Major capital investment in councils. Good practice checklist for project managers

Major capital investment in councils. Good practice checklist for project managers Majr capital investment in cuncils checklist fr prject managers Prepared by Audit Sctland March 2013 b The Accunts Cmmissin The Accunts Cmmissin is a statutry, independent bdy which, thrugh the audit prcess,

More information

GP WIND DELIVERABLE D2.2 STAKEHOLDERS QUESTIONNAIRE WP2

GP WIND DELIVERABLE D2.2 STAKEHOLDERS QUESTIONNAIRE WP2 GP WIND DELIVERABLE D2.2 STAKEHOLDERS QUESTIONNAIRE WP2 Prject Name: GP WIND Gd Practice in recnciling nshre and ffshre wind with envirnmental bjectives Prject Duratin: 24 mnths (August 2010 July 2012)

More information

Business Plan 2014-15

Business Plan 2014-15 Cmmissin fr Lcal Administratin in England Business Plan 2014-15 All Business Plan activity is linked t ur fur Strategic Objectives LGO Business Plan 2014-2015 v web 3 Page 1 descriptin 1. Prvide a cmplaints

More information

HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT FOR ADJUSTMENT AT THE ENTERPRISE LEVEL

HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT FOR ADJUSTMENT AT THE ENTERPRISE LEVEL INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION ACT/EMP PUBLICATIONS [Tp] HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT FOR ADJUSTMENT AT THE ENTERPRISE LEVEL Training Prgramme (Edited by C.S. Venkata Ratnam) [Next] Table f Cntents Intrductin

More information

OECD-NEA Study Cost of Nuclear Accidents-liabilities Issues and their Impact on Electricity Costs

OECD-NEA Study Cost of Nuclear Accidents-liabilities Issues and their Impact on Electricity Costs OECD-NEA Study Cst f Nuclear Accidents-liabilities Issues and their Impact n Electricity Csts Wrkshp Appraches t estimatin f the csts f nuclear accidents May 28-29, 2013 OECD/NEA Headquarters, Issy-les-Mulineaux,

More information

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA MERCED PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA MERCED PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA MERCED PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES REFERENCES AND RELATED POLICIES A. UC PPSM 2 -Definitin f Terms B. UC PPSM 12 -Nndiscriminatin in Emplyment C. UC PPSM 14 -Affirmative

More information

FINANCE SCRUTINY SUB-COMMITTEE

FINANCE SCRUTINY SUB-COMMITTEE REPORT FOR: PERFORMANCE AND FINANCE SCRUTINY SUB-COMMITTEE Date f Meeting: 6 January 2015 Subject: Staff Survey and Sickness Absence Mnitring Results and Actin plans Respnsible Officer: Scrutiny Lead Member

More information

Business Incentives and Economic Development Expenditures: An Overview of Montana s Program Investments and Outcomes

Business Incentives and Economic Development Expenditures: An Overview of Montana s Program Investments and Outcomes Business Incentives and Ecnmic Develpment Expenditures: An Overview f Mntana s Prgram Investments and Outcmes Summary Acrss the cuntry, state ecnmic develpment incentives have evlved int a cmplex mixture

More information

How Hillwatch E-Services Uses Best Practices Benchmarking and the Balanced Scorecard

How Hillwatch E-Services Uses Best Practices Benchmarking and the Balanced Scorecard White Paper Hillwatch E-Impact Benchmark and Visitr Pattern Analytics Alignment With Gvernment Web Asset Perfrmance Measurement Hw Hillwatch E-Services Uses Best Practices Benchmarking and the Balanced

More information

The need to boost the expertise in the private sector to develop, adapt and adopt new technologies (innovation expertise)

The need to boost the expertise in the private sector to develop, adapt and adopt new technologies (innovation expertise) Implicatins fr New Zealand universities: cmmentary n Catalysing Ecnmic Grwth: Bsting Innvatin Expertise in the Private Sectr - a paper by the Institutin f Prfessinal Engineers f New Zealand (IPENZ) Overview

More information

Global Services Coalition Objectives for the Doha Development Agenda

Global Services Coalition Objectives for the Doha Development Agenda Glbal Services Calitin Objectives fr the Dha Develpment Agenda Attachment 2 Submissin t the Mrtimer Review Exprt Plicies and Prgrams June 2008 The Australian Services Rundtable is an active cre member

More information

Succession Planning & Leadership Development: Your Utility s Bridge to the Future

Succession Planning & Leadership Development: Your Utility s Bridge to the Future Successin Planning & Leadership Develpment: Yur Utility s Bridge t the Future Richard L. Gerstberger, P.E. TAP Resurce Develpment Grup, Inc. 4625 West 32 nd Ave Denver, CO 80212 ABSTRACT A few years ag,

More information

Business Plan Overview

Business Plan Overview Business Plan Overview Organizatin and Cntent Summary A business plan is a descriptin f yur business, including yur prduct yur market, yur peple and yur financing needs. Yu shuld cnsider that a well prepared

More information

Manufacturing or Servicing Europe s Future?

Manufacturing or Servicing Europe s Future? Manufacturing r Servicing Eurpe s Future? Reinhilde Veugelers (Prf @ KULeuven, Senir Fellw @ Bruegel) See als Bruegel Blueprint n www.bruegel.rg Manufacturing r Servicing Eurpe s future The scene Industrial

More information

Richmond Clinical Commissioning Group Report Summary

Richmond Clinical Commissioning Group Report Summary Richmnd Clinical Cmmissining Grup Reprt Summary Meeting Title: Gverning Bdy Date: 16 September 2014 Reprt Title: Better Care Fund Plan Agenda Item: 8 Attachment: D Purpse: (please delete /N as apprpriate)

More information

The Importance of Market Research

The Importance of Market Research The Imprtance f Market Research 1. What is market research? Successful businesses have extensive knwledge f their custmers and their cmpetitrs. Market research is the prcess f gathering infrmatin which

More information

Projects Director Report Guidelines. IPMA Level A

Projects Director Report Guidelines. IPMA Level A Prjects Directr Reprt Guidelines IPMA Level A Cntents 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS.. 2 2. PROJECT PORTFOLIO / PROGRAMME DESCRIPTION...2 3. PROJECTS DIRECTOR REPORT 5 4. ANNEXES..7 Authr Classificatin Status Electrnic

More information

ITIL Release Control & Validation (RCV) Certification Program - 5 Days

ITIL Release Control & Validation (RCV) Certification Program - 5 Days ITIL Release Cntrl & Validatin (RCV) Certificatin Prgram - 5 Days Prgram Overview ITIL is a set f best practices guidance that has becme a wrldwide-adpted framewrk fr Infrmatin Technlgy Services Management

More information

Standardization or Harmonization? You need Both

Standardization or Harmonization? You need Both Standardizatin r? Yu need Bth Albrecht Richen and Ansgar Steinhrst Recently the CFO f a majr cnsumer electrnics cmpany stated, We dn t need standardizatin f ur wrldwide prcesses, we need harmnizatin. Is

More information

Succession management in the Queensland Public Service

Succession management in the Queensland Public Service Successin management in the Queensland Public Service February 2009 Table f cntents Intrductin... 3 What is successin management?... 3 Why d successin management?... 3 Wh des successin management apply

More information

Copernicus & Big Data: A Perspective from the European EO Services Industry. Geoff Sawyer: EARSC Secretary General

Copernicus & Big Data: A Perspective from the European EO Services Industry. Geoff Sawyer: EARSC Secretary General Cpernicus & Big Data: A Perspective frm the Eurpean EO Services Industry. Geff Sawyer: EARSC Secretary General What is EARSC? EARSC is a trade assciatin (NPO), funded in 1989, which represents cmpanies:

More information

IFRS Discussion Group

IFRS Discussion Group IFRS Discussin Grup Reprt n the Public Meeting February 26, 2014 The IFRS Discussin Grup is a discussin frum nly. The Grup s purpse is t assist the Accunting Standards Bard (AcSB) regarding issues arising

More information

City of Gold Coast. Debt Management. Public Statement

City of Gold Coast. Debt Management. Public Statement City f Gld Cast Debt Management Public Statement Octber 2015 This statement explains the City f Gld Cast s debt management apprach and psitin. It includes the fllwing: Overall Financial Psitin Prfit and

More information

THE MICROFINANCE ASSOCIATION Training Programme London, UK

THE MICROFINANCE ASSOCIATION Training Programme London, UK THE MICROFINANCE ASSOCIATION Training Prgramme 2016 Lndn, UK The Micrfinance Asscatin, Science and Innvatin Centre, NUCLEUS Brunel Way, DA1 5GA, United Kingdm Tel: +44 (0) 1322 312078 ade@micrfinanceaassciatin.rg

More information

Public Finance Management and Transparency and Oversight BS eligibility for OCTs OCT Seminar 9-10 December 2013

Public Finance Management and Transparency and Oversight BS eligibility for OCTs OCT Seminar 9-10 December 2013 Public Finance Management and Transparency and Oversight BS eligibility fr OCTs OCT Seminar 9-10 December 2013 Unit 03 Budget Supprt & Public Financial Management 1 Public Finance Management () Why is

More information

Practice Exchanges for Intercultural Capacity-Building An activity format of the Platform for Intercultural Europe with local partners

Practice Exchanges for Intercultural Capacity-Building An activity format of the Platform for Intercultural Europe with local partners Practice Exchanges fr Intercultural Capacity-Building An activity frmat f the Platfrm fr Intercultural Eurpe with lcal partners An Intrductin and Hsting Invitatin T Member And Partner Organisatins Octber

More information

Phi Kappa Sigma International Fraternity Insurance Billing Methodology

Phi Kappa Sigma International Fraternity Insurance Billing Methodology Phi Kappa Sigma Internatinal Fraternity Insurance Billing Methdlgy The Phi Kappa Sigma Internatinal Fraternity Executive Bard implres each chapter t thrughly review the attached methdlgy and plan nw t

More information

TECNALIA S INTERNATIONAL FELLOWSHIPS FOR EXPERIENCED RESEARCHERS (TIFER) CALL 2012 GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS

TECNALIA S INTERNATIONAL FELLOWSHIPS FOR EXPERIENCED RESEARCHERS (TIFER) CALL 2012 GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS TECNALIA S INTERNATIONAL FELLOWSHIPS FOR EXPERIENCED RESEARCHERS (TIFER) CALL 2012 GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS TECNALIA S INTERNATIONAL FELLOWSHIPS FOR EXPERIENCED RESEARCHERS (TIFER) CALL 2012... 2 1. OBJECTIVE...

More information

The Allstate Foundation Domestic Violence Program 2015 Moving Ahead Financial Empowerment Grant

The Allstate Foundation Domestic Violence Program 2015 Moving Ahead Financial Empowerment Grant The Allstate Fundatin Dmestic Vilence Prgram 2015 Mving Ahead Financial Empwerment Grant Due Date: September 1, 2015 Online applicatin: https://www.grantrequest.cm/sid_1010?sa=sna&fid=35296 The Allstate

More information

Process Improvement Center of Excellence Service Proposal Recommendation. Operational Oversight Committee Report Submission

Process Improvement Center of Excellence Service Proposal Recommendation. Operational Oversight Committee Report Submission Prcess Imprvement Center f Excellence Service Prpsal Recmmendatin Operatinal Oversight Cmmittee Reprt Submissin INTRODUCTION This Prpsal prvides initial infrmatin regarding a pssible additin t a service.

More information

Guidelines on Data Management in Horizon 2020

Guidelines on Data Management in Horizon 2020 Guidelines n Data Management in Hrizn 2020 Versin 1.0 11 December 2013 Guidelines n Data Management in Hrizn 2020 Versin 16 December 2013 Intrductin In Hrizn 2020 a limited pilt actin n pen access t research

More information

Ref. RFP 2015/104. Invitation to tender. International Retirement Plan. Project Green Climate Fund. 11 May 2015

Ref. RFP 2015/104. Invitation to tender. International Retirement Plan. Project Green Climate Fund. 11 May 2015 Ref. RFP 2015/104 Invitatin t tender Internatinal Retirement Plan Prject Green Climate Fund 11 May 2015 Ref. RFP 2015/104 Table f cntents Sectin Page A. Intrductin... 1 B. Cmpletin f this dcument and timescale...

More information

Maintain a balanced budget primarily the General & Park Funds

Maintain a balanced budget primarily the General & Park Funds EXHIBIT B City f Chic Budget Cntingency Plan P The purpse f the Budget Cntingency Plan is t establish a guideline and general apprach t respnd t adverse financial and ecnmic cnditins that culd negatively

More information

Proposal: Tourism and Hospitality Certificate Program

Proposal: Tourism and Hospitality Certificate Program Prpsal: Turism and Hspitality Certificate Prgram Department f Recreatin, Parks and Turism Sciences Texas A&M University T address the significant and grwing demand fr management prfessinals in the fields

More information

Health Stream Portfolio (e.g. Mental health, drug & alcohol) and Contract of Employment

Health Stream Portfolio (e.g. Mental health, drug & alcohol) and Contract of Employment Psitin Descriptin Psitin Agency Reprts t Terms and Cnditins f Emplyment Classificatin/ Salary Stream Length f Psitin Lcatin Health Stream Lead Health Stream Prtfli (e.g. Mental health, drug & alchl) Primary

More information

6101 - DEPARTMENT OF ADMINISTRATION 14-BANKING AND FINANCIAL DIVISION

6101 - DEPARTMENT OF ADMINISTRATION 14-BANKING AND FINANCIAL DIVISION Prgram Budget Cmparisn The fllwing table summarizes the ttal executive budget fr the prgram by year, type f expenditure, and surce f funding. Prgram Budget Cmparisn Budget Item Base Fiscal 2012 Apprp.

More information

NATIONAL CERTIFICATES (VOCATIONAL)

NATIONAL CERTIFICATES (VOCATIONAL) NATIONAL CERTIFICATES (VOCATIONAL) SUBJECT GUIDELINES TRANSPORT ECONOMICS LEVEL 2 IMPLEMENTATION: JANUARY 2012 Transprt Ecnmics Level 2 (January 2012) Natinal Certificates (Vcatinal) INTRODUCTION A. What

More information

THIRD PARTY PROCUREMENT PROCEDURES

THIRD PARTY PROCUREMENT PROCEDURES ADDENDUM #1 THIRD PARTY PROCUREMENT PROCEDURES NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS COUNCIL OF GOVERNMENTS TRANSPORTATION DEPARTMENT JUNE 2011 OVERVIEW These prcedures establish standards and guidelines fr the Nrth Central

More information

A Quick Read on the State of Small Business and the Small Business Success Index 2009 Baseline Study of Small Business Success

A Quick Read on the State of Small Business and the Small Business Success Index 2009 Baseline Study of Small Business Success A Quick Read n the State f Small Business and the Small Business Success Index 2009 Baseline Study f Small Business Success March 12, 2009 Spnsred by: Netwrk Slutins, LLC and Rbert H. Smith Schl f Business,

More information

SUPPORTING ECONOMIC GROWTH AND BUILDING ECONOMIC RESILIENCE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE G-20 LEADERS SUMMIT NOVEMBER 15-16, 2014

SUPPORTING ECONOMIC GROWTH AND BUILDING ECONOMIC RESILIENCE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE G-20 LEADERS SUMMIT NOVEMBER 15-16, 2014 Octber 8, 2014 Dr. Heather Smith Deputy Secretary, G20 Sherpa C/ G20 Taskfrce Department f the Prime Minister and Cabinet PO Bx 6500 CANBERRA ACT 2600 AUSTRALIA By e-mail: Heather.Smith@pmc.gv.au SUPPORTING

More information

Risk Management Policy AGL Energy Limited

Risk Management Policy AGL Energy Limited Risk Management Plicy AGL Energy Limited AUGUST 2014 Table f Cntents 1. Abut this Dcument... 2 2. Plicy Statement... 2 3. Purpse... 2 4. AGL Risk Cntext... 3 5. Scpe... 3 6. Objectives... 3 7. Accuntabilities...

More information

LINCOLNSHIRE POLICE Policy Document

LINCOLNSHIRE POLICE Policy Document LINCOLNSHIRE POLICE Plicy Dcument 1. POLICY IDENTIFICATION PAGE POLICY TITLE: ICT CHANGE & RELEASE MANAGEMENT POLICY POLICY REFERENCE NO: PD 186 POLICY OWNERSHIP: ACPO Cmmissining Officer: Prtfli / Business-area

More information

The actions discussed below in this Appendix assume that the firm has already taken three foundation steps:

The actions discussed below in this Appendix assume that the firm has already taken three foundation steps: MAKING YOUR MARK 6.1 Gd Practice This sectin presents an example f gd practice fr firms executing plans t enter the resurces sectr supply chain fr the first time, r fr thse firms already in the supply

More information

OFFICIAL JOB SPECIFICATION. Network Services Analyst. Network Services Team Manager

OFFICIAL JOB SPECIFICATION. Network Services Analyst. Network Services Team Manager JOB SPECIFICATION FUNCTION JOB TITLE REPORTING TO GRADE WORK PATTERN LOCATION IT & Digital Netwrk Services Analyst Netwrk Services Team Manager Band D Full-time Birmingham TRAVEL REQUIRED Occasinally ROLE

More information

ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT POLICY

ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT POLICY ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT POLICY Plicy N. 10014 Review Date Octber 1, 2014 Effective Date March 1, 2014 Crss- Respnsibility Vice President, Reference Administratin Apprver Executive Cuncil 1. 1. Plicy

More information

TOWARDS OF AN INFORMATION SERVICE TO EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIPS: BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE AS ANALYTICAL ENGINE OF SERVICE

TOWARDS OF AN INFORMATION SERVICE TO EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIPS: BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE AS ANALYTICAL ENGINE OF SERVICE TOWARDS OF AN INFORMATION SERVICE TO EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIPS: BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE AS ANALYTICAL ENGINE OF SERVICE A N D R E I A F E R R E I R A, A N T Ó N I O C A S T R O, D E L F I N A S Á S O A R E

More information

Group Income Protection (GIP) Claim Case Studies

Group Income Protection (GIP) Claim Case Studies www.gruprisk.rg.uk Grup Incme Prtectin (GIP) Claim Case Studies What is GIP? GIP is a plicy taken ut by emplyers t cver their prmise t prvide sick pay t emplyees if illness r injury prevents them wrking

More information

Policy on Free and Open-source Software. Government Policy of Iceland

Policy on Free and Open-source Software. Government Policy of Iceland Plicy n Free and Open-surce Sftware Gvernment Plicy f Iceland Prime Minister s Office December 2007 Intrductin Free and pen-surce sftware is sftware based n a surce cde which the authrs chse t make public

More information

Municipal Advisor Registration

Municipal Advisor Registration FACT SHEET Municipal Advisr Registratin SEC Open Meeting Sept. 18, 2013 The Securities and Exchange Cmmissin tday will cnsider whether t adpt a rule that wuld establish a permanent registratin regime fr

More information

Data Warehouse Scope Recommendations

Data Warehouse Scope Recommendations Rensselaer Data Warehuse Prject http://www.rpi.edu/datawarehuse Financial Analysis Scpe and Data Audits This dcument describes the scpe f the Financial Analysis data mart scheduled fr delivery in July

More information

FINANCIAL SERVICES FLASH REPORT

FINANCIAL SERVICES FLASH REPORT FINANCIAL SERVICES FLASH REPORT Draft Regulatry Cmpliance Management Guideline Released by the Office f the Superintendent f Financial Institutins May 5, 2014 On April 30, 2014, the Office f the Superintendent

More information

Audit Committee Charter. St Andrew s Insurance (Australia) Pty Ltd St Andrew s Life Insurance Pty Ltd St Andrew s Australia Services Pty Ltd

Audit Committee Charter. St Andrew s Insurance (Australia) Pty Ltd St Andrew s Life Insurance Pty Ltd St Andrew s Australia Services Pty Ltd Audit Cmmittee Charter St Andrew s Insurance (Australia) Pty Ltd St Andrew s Life Insurance Pty Ltd St Andrew s Australia Services Pty Ltd Versin 2.0, 22 February 2016 Apprver Bard f Directrs St Andrew

More information

17 Construction environmental management plan (CEMP)

17 Construction environmental management plan (CEMP) 17 Cnstructin envirnmental management plan (CEMP) Bur Happld Cntents 17 Cnstructin Envirnmental Management Plan (CEMP) 17-1 17.1 Intrductin 17-1 17.2 Intrductin t EMS 17-1 17.2.1 Plicy 17-2 17.2.2 Planning

More information

FACILITIES DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT UTILITY SERVICES, REPORT ON LONG-RANGE PLAN 2014

FACILITIES DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT UTILITY SERVICES, REPORT ON LONG-RANGE PLAN 2014 FACILITIES DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OFFICE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT UTILITY SERVICES, REPORT ON LONG-RANGE PLAN 2014 TABLE OF CONTENTS Intrductin......1 Descriptins f Current Cntract Gals and Strategies fr Lng

More information

To: Ms. Connie Kendig Sponsored Programs & Grants Manager Internet Society Email: projects@isoc.org. Date: April 2011

To: Ms. Connie Kendig Sponsored Programs & Grants Manager Internet Society Email: projects@isoc.org. Date: April 2011 T: Ms. Cnnie Kendig Spnsred Prgrams & Grants Manager Internet Sciety Email: prjects@isc.rg Date: April 2011 Reprt: Wmen and Cybercrime: the dark side f ICTs Brief verview f the prject: While ICTs have

More information

There are a number of themed areas for which the Council has responsibility, and each of these is likely to generate debts of a specific type:

There are a number of themed areas for which the Council has responsibility, and each of these is likely to generate debts of a specific type: Wiltshire Cuncil Crprate Debt Recvery Plicy: 29102010 WILTSHIRE COUNCIL CORPORATE DEBT RECOVERY POLICY 1. Intrductin The Cuncil raises a significant prprtin f its ttal incmes thrugh lcal taxes and charges,

More information