1 Apple Inc. (A) iphone Revenue Recognition Strategy * GAAP does not tell companies how to run their business. Gerard Carney, spokesman for the Financial Accounting Standards Board. Source: CNET News.com, January 19, 2007 Apple Inc. s CEO Steve Jobs announced the iphone at a media event in January 2007 (Exhibit 1). Jobs characterized the iphone as more intelligent and easier to use than both traditional cell phones and current generation smart phones (Exhibit 2). Jobs said the iphone was Apple s third revolutionary product line, following the Macintosh introduced in January 1984 and the ipod launched in October In addition, he said the iphone s patented multi-touch interface represented Apple s third revolutionary user interface, joining the computer mouse used to control the Macintosh and the click-wheel used to operate the ipod. Apple released the iphone for sale in the U.S. at 6 pm on Friday, June 29, 2007 to unprecedented fanfare, long lines and largely rave reviews. Initial pricing of the iphone was $499 for the 4 gigabyte model and $599 for the 8 gigabyte version. 1 Apple sold 270,000 iphones during the first 30 hours making the iphone the most successful new product release in Apple s history. A spokesman for Apple s partner, AT&T, said, We've sold more iphones in the first weekend than we've sold in the first month of any other wireless device in AT&T's history. 2 Despite the impressive start, Apple s earnings for the fiscal third quarter ended June 30, 2007 were likely hurt by the iphone introduction. The company disclosed in their fiscal third quarter conference call with analysts that total revenue from iphone sales was only $5 million an average of less than $19 per iphone and an insignificant amount compared to the quarter s total net sales across all products and services of over $5.4 billion (Exhibit 3). During the question and answer portion of the call, the company disclosed that the vast majority of reported iphone revenue was due to the sale of accessories not the phones themselves. Further, the company had expensed other operating costs related to the iphone including R&D, Sales and Marketing. These latter costs were unusually high before and during the launch period because of a large increase in advertising and extra staffing in customer support and in Apple s online and physical stores. There seemed little doubt that iphone-related operating expenses amounted to far more than the $5 million of reported revenue. The seeming disconnect between the iphone s widely touted launch success and its apparently poor initial financial performance was likely due to Apple s revenue recognition policy for the iphone called subscription accounting. * Prepared by Professor Robert Bowen for class discussion purposes only. The comments of Frank Hodge, Jane Kennedy, Dawn Matsumoto and Terry Shevlin are appreciated. Revised, October On September 5, 2007 Apple introduced a Wi-Fi capable touch-screen ipod called the ipod Touch. The Touch was very similar to an iphone without the phone features. At the same time the Company eliminated the 4 gigabyte version of the iphone from the product line and lowered the price of the 8 gigabyte iphone to $ Source: AT&T says iphone activation problems largely solved Reuters, July 3, 2007.
2 Apple Inc. (A) iphone Revenue Recognition Strategy page 2 Revenue Recognition at Apple Apple listed revenue recognition among its critical accounting policies and estimates. Like the overwhelming majority of businesses, Apple had consistently used point-of-sale revenue recognition for hardware sales including the Macintosh and the ipod. That is, 100% of the selling price was recognized as revenue when a product was shipped to a customer. 3 Most customers purchased directly from Apple via its on-line store or one of more than 170 physical Apple Stores. The remaining customers purchased Apple products from resellers such as Amazon.com and Best Buy. Revenue Recognition and the N generation wireless upgrade In January 2007, Apple announced it had built-in next-generation wireless N capability in selected Macintosh notebook and desktop computers that it had been selling since the prior September. However, in order to activate this new built-in N standard, Apple required customers to pay $1.99 for software to turn on the feature. This previously unannounced upgrade fee created heated discussion on the Internet. Most bloggers and forum participants were negative about charging for something already inside the computer. Apple blamed the nominal charge on accounting standards, and reporters discussed Apple s accounting conundrum (Exhibit 4). Apple said it is required under generally accepted accounting principles to charge customers for the software upgrade. "The nominal distribution fee for the n software is required in order for Apple to comply with generally accepted accounting principles for revenue recognition, which generally require that we charge for significant feature enhancements, such as n, when added to previously purchased products." Source: CNET News.com January 18, Apple is blaming the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), a set of standards, conventions and rules that accountants follow. Apple claims that those rules require the firm to charge for significant product updates such as providing next generation wireless networking. Leave it to the accountants to spoil a good thing. In the heads of the bean counters, shipping a feature in disabled mode without telling the buyer and then enabling it at a later point amounts to shipping them a free n wireless networking card. Source: SiliconValleySleuth.com. Revenue Recognition for Apple TV and the iphone A few months later, Apple announced its revenue recognition policy for the recently shipped Apple TV and its forthcoming iphone. In March 2007, the Company began shipping Apple TV and expects to begin shipping the iphone in late June For Apple TV and the iphone, the Company plans to provide future unspecified features and additional software products free of charge to customers. Accordingly, the sale of the Apple TV and the iphone handset are accounted for under subscription accounting in accordance with Statement of Position ("SOP") No As 3 The usual allowances were made for expected sales returns, uncollectible accounts and warranty costs.
3 Apple Inc. (A) iphone Revenue Recognition Strategy page 3 such, the Company defers the associated revenue and cost of goods sold at the time of sale, which will then be recognized on a straight-line basis over the currently estimated 24 month economic life of these products. Costs incurred by the Company for engineering, sales, and marketing will continue to be expensed as incurred. Source: Apple, Inc. 10-Q, May 10, (See Exhibit 5 for management s further discussion of revenue recognition.) In short, Apple elected to use subscription accounting similar to that used by magazines. When a customer orders and pays for a 2-year magazine subscription, the magazine records the increase in cash but defers the associated revenue as a liability. Revenue is earned and cost of sales is expensed ratably over the two-year period as each magazine ships. In an interview with the New York Times, Apple CFO Peter Oppenheimer said Apple planned to regularly add new software features to iphones after they are sold, at no charge, and would alter its accounting policies to make this possible. Further, CEO Steve Jobs indicated that upgrades gave the iphone an advantage since software in other phones generally remained unchanged. 4 Why did Apple switch to a subscription model for revenue recognition for its two newest products? Was it merely a response to the negative reaction to the $1.99 fee it charged customers to activate next-generation wireless on their previously purchased laptops? 4 Peter Oppenheimer is Apple s CFO and Steve Jobs is CEO. Source: Apple Zooms Past Rivals, With 88% Profit Growth, NYT, April 26, 2007
4 Apple Inc. (A) iphone Revenue Recognition Strategy page 4 Case Questions: 1. Apple s fiscal third quarter ends on June 30. Estimate the amount of revenue Apple recorded for its fiscal third quarter on the sale of a single $599 iphone on June 30, What amount of revenue would Apple have recorded for this same phone in the same fiscal third quarter had all revenue had been recognized at the point-of-sale? 2. Compared to the typical point-of-sale method, what are the likely effects on revenue, gross profit and operating cash flow in future quarters from Apple s choice to use a subscription model for revenue recognition for the iphone and Apple TV? (No calculations are necessary.) 3. Could Apple have structured sales of Apple TV and the iphone to avoid subscription accounting? If so, how? 4. Assuming Apple could have avoided subscription accounting for revenue recognition, speculate as to why Apple management might have preferred subscription accounting anyway. 5. As an analyst evaluating Apple s success, how would you compare Apple s sales and gross profit across time and to other companies? (No calculations are necessary.) 6. Speculate on Apple s likely reasons for not using a subscription revenue recognition model for the ipod.
5 Apple Inc. (A) iphone Revenue Recognition Strategy page 5 Exhibit 1: iphone introduced by Apple CEO Steve Jobs at MacWorld, January 9, 2007 Source: Source:
6 Apple Inc. (A) iphone Revenue Recognition Strategy page 6 Exhibit 2: Apple CEO Steve Jobs compares iphone to competitor products, January 9, 2007 Every once and a while a revolutionary product comes along that changes everything Apple CEO Steve Jobs, January 9, 2007,
7 Apple Inc. (A) iphone Revenue Recognition Strategy page 7 Exhibit 3: Appleʼs fiscal third quarter 2007 income statement
8 Apple Inc. (A) iphone Revenue Recognition Strategy page 8 Exhibit 4: Article about Appleʼs accounting for the wi-fi ʻN-standardʼ upgrade fee Apple's n accounting conundrum By Tom Krazit Staff Writer, CNET News.com Published: January 19, 2007, 6:56 PM PST news analysis Apple's explanation of a planned Wi-Fi upgrade fee has its roots in obscure accounting rules that tell companies how to book sales of future product upgrades. Apple said Thursday that it plans to charge customers $1.99 for a software download that enables the n Wi-Fi technology currently present in almost all MacBooks and MacBook Pros with Intel's Core 2 Duo processor. The company says accounting rules known as generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) force it to ask for money for the download. "During the past several months Apple has shipped some Macs with the hardware to support n, but the draft of the n specification was not complete enough to create the required software," Apple spokeswoman Lynn Fox said in an to CNET News.com. "Now that the draft specification is complete, we are ready to distribute the software to make the n hardware in these Macs come to life." But because the company has already recognized all the revenue from the sales of those computers, it has to now charge customers at least a nominal fee in order to establish the value of its software upgrade and satisfy an obscure accounting regulation known as SOP 97-2, said Fox. Apple didn't have to do it this way, say accounting experts. But the company most likely faced difficult choices in relation to the upgrade: It could have held off on shipping the new Macs until the upgrade software was ready. It could have skipped the n capabilities altogether. Or it could have deferred revenue from the new Macs until the software was ready--all unlikely and unpalatable options. Hence, the $1.99 fee. Of course, back when the Macs first shipped, Apple could have told customers that the upgrade cost was coming and avoided customer backlash over the surprise fee, but that didn't happen either. "To be certain, GAAP does not require companies to charge customers," said Gerard Carney, a spokesman for the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), which updates and maintains GAAP standards for accounting. "Further, GAAP does not tell companies how to run their business," he wrote in an . And now, for the tricky part... The n Wi-Fi standard delivers faster wireless connection speeds and greater network range. It has been delayed a few times, but the Wi-Fi Alliance, a group of companies charged with managing the standard, is getting ready to certify products based on the specification. Apple announced at its recent Macworld Expo in San Francisco that it would start shipping a new n Airport Extreme Base Station and the upgrade software for $179 in February, around the same time it will ship its Apple TV product, which also has an n chip. Apple began selling MacBook Pro notebooks with Intel's Core 2 Duo processor in September, later adding that chip to MacBooks and imacs. However, the company also included n chips in almost all of those systems without telling buyers, Apple CEO Steve Jobs revealed at Macworld last week. Here comes the tricky part: under accounting regulations developed over the last several years, when
9 Apple Inc. (A) iphone Revenue Recognition Strategy page 9 companies sell a product with multiple pieces that are delivered at different times, they must determine the separate value of each piece of that product, accounting experts say. And the company can only record the revenue associated with a specific piece when it is delivered to the customer. This is a very common practice in many industries, said Ryan LaFond, assistant professor for accounting at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Sloan School of Business. For example, magazines receive all the money for a full year's subscription at the time the subscription is purchased, but they only record that as revenue as each issue is delivered, deferring the remaining balance into a liability account called unearned revenue. But magazine readers purchase a subscription knowing they'll get an issue every week or month, which establishes the value of each issue and lets the accountants know how much money to recognize as revenue each month. In order to figure out how much revenue can be booked up front, companies need what's called "vendorspecific objective evidence" of the value of the separate pieces of software. In other words, they need to prove how much each piece of software would be worth if it was sold separately, as opposed to how much it's worth in a package deal with other pieces of software. The problem is you can't prove what some things are worth until you sell them. What's the value of a software upgrade to n on the open market? Apple isn't going to let any other company sell software that would upgrade a piece of its hardware, making it almost impossible to establish a market value for that software. That means a company in this situation would have to defer all the revenue associated with the product until it can establish the value of the Wi-Fi upgrade, or until it delivers the complete set of software, said Brett Trueman, a professor of accounting with the Anderson Business School at the University of California at Los Angeles. So, Apple would have had to defer all the revenue for Macs sold with the n chips from September until it delivers the upgrade in February, and that's not a realistic option. So now, Apple has to establish a value for the Wi-Fi upgrade in order to satisfy the requirement to separately account for the different pieces of software. One easy way to do that is to charge people for it. There's absolutely nothing in the GAAP requirements that says Apple must charge its customers for that software upgrade. The only requirement imposed by GAAP is that Apple must account for the separate value of the n capability, said MIT's LaFond. It can do this by creating a value at the time of purchase or it can wait until it delivers that capability to record all the revenue associated with the product. Another option, if the company had wanted to keep the n capabilities secret, is to create a "new arrangement" with the customer. Apple sold the customer a notebook in September, and is now selling the customer n capabilities for that notebook. These are two separate transactions that satisfy the need to account for the undelivered n capability as well as Apple's desire to book all the revenue for the notebook up front and keep the use of the n chip a secret. Any of those options would satisfy Apple's need to account for the separate delivery times for the Macs and the n capabilities, according to several experts interviewed for this article. But simply blaming the fee on GAAP, or on the Sarbanes-Oxley regulations as some rumors have suggested, does not tell the full story. "If I'm a company, and I want to give my customer something, GAAP isn't going to prevent you from doing that," LaFond said. But at a time when Apple's accounting practices are under significant scrutiny from regulators looking into the company's stock-options backdating practices, the company has to be extra careful about following the proper procedures while keeping financial analysts happy with strong earnings reports.
10 Apple Inc. (A) iphone Revenue Recognition Strategy page 10 Exhibit 5: Excerpt from Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, Apple Inc. 10-Q, May 10, 2007 Revenue Recognition Net sales consist primarily of revenue from the sale of hardware, software, peripherals, digital content, and service and support contracts. The Company recognizes revenue for software products (operating system software and applications software), or any product that is considered to be software-related in accordance with the guidance in EITF No. 03-5, Applicability of American Institute of Certified Public Accountants ("AICPA") Statement of Position 97-2 to Non-software Deliverables in an Arrangement Containing More-Than-Incidental Software, (e.g., Macintosh computers and ipod portable digital music players) pursuant to AICPA Statement of Position ("SOP") No. 97-2, Software Revenue Recognition, as amended. For products that are not software or software-related, (e.g., digital content sold on the itunes Store and certain Macintosh and ipod supplies and accessories) the Company recognizes revenue pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin ("SAB") No. 104, Revenue Recognition. The Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the sales price is fixed or determinable, and collection is probable. Product is considered delivered to the customer once it has been shipped, and title and risk of loss have been transferred. For most of the Company's product sales, these criteria are met at the time the product is shipped. For online sales to individuals, for some sales to education customers in the U.S., and for certain other sales, the Company defers revenue until the customer receives the product because the Company retains a portion of the risk of loss on these sales during transit. If at the outset of an arrangement the Company determines the arrangement fee is not, or is presumed not to be, fixed or determinable, revenue is deferred and subsequently recognized as amounts become due and payable and all other criteria for revenue recognition have been met. In March 2007, the Company began shipping Apple TV and expects to begin shipping the iphone in late June For Apple TV and the iphone, the Company plans to provide future unspecified features and additional software products free of charge to customers. Accordingly, the sale of the Apple TV and the iphone handset are accounted for under subscription accounting in accordance with Statement of Position ("SOP") No As such, the Company defers the associated revenue and cost of goods sold at the time of sale, which will then be recognized on a straight-line basis over the currently estimated 24 month economic life of these products. Costs incurred by the Company for engineering, sales, and marketing will continue to be expensed as incurred.
Apple Inc. (B) The iphone Revenue Bomb * Some Apple watchers have complained almost since the launch of the iphone that Wall Street doesn't understand the device's value to the company. Analysts consistently
APPLE INC Gabriela Nunez Summer 2013 Annual Report: http://investor.apple.com/secfiling.cfm?filingid=1193125-12-444068 INTRODUCTION Name of chief executive officer Timothy D. Cook Location of home office
businessenglishpod.com The Business English podcast for professionals on the move Business News 11 iphone Launch Today, were talking about Apple s new mobile phone the iphone actually it s a combination
APPLE INC FORM 10-K/A (Amended Annual Report) Filed 01/25/10 for the Period Ending 09/26/09 Address ONE INFINITE LOOP CUPERTINO, CA 95014 Telephone (408) 996-1010 CIK 0000320193 Symbol AAPL SIC Code 3571
EITF 08-1: Best Practices for Adoption An Executive Webcast With Jeffrey Werner 1 Welcome to Today s Event Viewing tips & CPE credit information About the webcast sponsor, Tensoft Introduction to today
APPLE INC. BUS 478: Group Written Case Synopsis Xiaoyi Zhuang Kelvin Cheung Edith Tang Jessica Xu Helen Li INTRODUCTION Background in Brief Apple is an American corporation that develops and sells computer
No. 2009-14 October 2009 Software (Topic 985) Certain Revenue Arrangements That Include Software Elements a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force An Amendment of the FASB Accounting Standards
Shift from free to paid: Consumer demand and revenue opportunities for apps from Simon Kucher s 2013 Apps and Digital Content Study telecoms & media Andre Weber Kyle Poyar Ellen Kan March 2013 Executive
Software Revenue Recognition A Roadmap to Applying AICPA Statement of Position 97-2 pçñíï~êé=oéîéåìé== oéåçöåáíáçå= A Roadmap to Applying AICPA Statement of Position 97-2 = = = = SOP 97-2 and Technical
Revenue ARRAngements with Multiple DeliveRAbles Revised Guidance Better Reflects Economic Substance Executive Brief FASB recently issued EITF Issue Number 08-1, which modifies the way companies with multiple
Revenue Recognition A guide to navigating through the maze Revenue Recognition: A guide to navigating through the maze Summary Revenue is one of the most important line items in the financial statements,
Software Revenue Recognition A Roadmap to Applying ASC 985-605 Third Edition December 2011 Subtopic 985-605, Software Revenue Recognition, from the FASB Accounting Standards Codification, is copyrighted
Dataline A look at current financial reporting issues No. 2011-02 January 10, 2011 (Revised May 12, 2011*) What s inside: At a glance... 1 The main details... 1 Current practice under existing guidance...
Fundamentals in Software Revenue Recognition Grant Thornton Lynne Triplett, Accounting Principles Partner Jacqueline Akerblom, Assurance Partner 2007 Softrax Corporation, All Rights Reserved Copy written
FALL 2015 www.bdo.com A SPECIAL REPORT FROM THE BDO TECHNOLOGY & LIFE SCIENCES PRACTICE SAAS SIMPLIFYING SAAS AN ACCOUNTING PRIMER OVERVIEW The SaaS business model continues to gain broad acceptance. Existing
Revenue Recognition Accounting for Software as a Service (SaaS) An Executive Webcast With Jeffrey Werner 1 Welcome to Today s Event Viewing tips & CPE credit information About the webcast sponsor, Tensoft
Evidence Necessary to Establish Financial Stability for End of First Year of Operation Texas Workforce Commission Career Schools and Colleges NOTES: 1. The financial requirements in Title 40, Texas Administrative
Company Shipped $10 Million of Neonode N2 Mobile Phones STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN, March 10, 2007 Neonode (NASDAQ: NEON), the Swedish mobile communication company that develops touch screen technologies and designs
UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO School of Accounting and Finance AFM 101 Professor Duane Kennedy Mid-Term Examination Fall 2008 Date and Time: October 16, 2008, 7:15 8:45pm Pages: 16, including cover Name: Student
THE BEAUTY OF INTERNET COMPANY ACCOUNTING Corporate Finance, Financial Reporting Beauty is in the eye of the beholder. - Margaret Wolfe Hungerford in Molly Bawn, 1878 And the same can be said for financial
Consolidated Statements of Assets Sold and Liabilities Transferred and Revenue and Direct Expenses of the Gateway Professional Business As of December 31, 2005, and 2006 and September 30, 2007 (unaudited)
EITF ABSTRACTS Title: Reporting Revenue Gross as a Principal versus Net as an Agent Issue No. 99-19 Dates Discussed: March 16, 2000; May 17 18, 2000; July 19 20, 2000 References: FASB Statement No. 60,
Global Perspectives on Accounting Education Volume 6, 2009, 77-81 JONES COMPANY: A CASE ON CORPORATE GOVERNANCE, SOX AND AUDIT COMMITTEE PROTOCOL Dave Ripka G. R. Herberger College of Business St. Cloud
EITF ABSTRACTS Issue No. 00-22 Title: Accounting for Points and Certain Other Time-Based or Volume-Based Sales Incentive Offers, and Offers for Free Products or Services to Be Delivered in the Future Dates
Receivables and Revenue Recognition 15.501/516 Accounting Spring 2004 Professor S. Roychowdhury Sloan School of Management Massachusetts Institute of Technology Feb 23 and 25, 2004 1 WHY DO WE CARE ABOUT
FASB Update: Recent Developments in Financial Reporting Presented by Dave Koeppen & Troy Hyatt 2015 Boise State University 1 INTRODUCTION Simplification Projects ASU 2015-01: Simplifying Income Statement
Fiscal Year 2014 Q4 and Full-Year Financial Results Conference Call Transcript September 18, 2014 1:30 p.m. PDT (4:30 p.m. EDT) This transcript is provided by Pro-Dex, Inc. only for reference purposes.
FASB Technical Bulletin No. 90-1 FTB 90-1 Status Page Accounting for Separately Priced Extended Warranty and Product Maintenance Contracts December 1990 Financial Accounting Standards Board of the Financial
1666 K Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20006 Telephone: (202) 207-9100 Facsimile: (202) 862-8433 www.pcaobus.org REPORT ON 2007-2010 INSPECTIONS OF DOMESTIC FIRMS THAT AUDIT 100 OR FEWER PUBLIC COMPANIES PCAOB
APPLICATION CASE SOFTWARE REVENUE RECOGNITION Selectica Contract Performance Management Simplifies Revenue Recognition for Software Companies With the advent of new regulations, revenue recognition has
Software Revenue Recognition A User-Friendly Guide for Navigating through the Many Complexities pwc ATTENTION Please visit www.pwcrevrec.com to find the latest information on software revenue recognition.
An Insightful Analysis Report on APPLE,INC Analysis Conducted by: Yiyan Wang & Xuequan Ma UConn SMF: 2014-2015 Prepared on: April 7 th, 2015 Executive Summary Apple Stock Price VS SP500 in 5 Years Business
Performance taken right to the edge. Apple TV With the best HD content and AirPlay, there s always something good on TV. The new Apple TV with 1080p HD gives you access to the best content movies, TV shows,
APPLE, INC. A Case Study in External Communication Written by: Jenny Lee Ian McCarthy Andrew Nguyen Robbie Reid Dr. Robyn Walker Faculty Advisor Center for Management Communication Prepared for: Case Study
GAAP LITERATURE The Accounting Process Chapter 3 TRADITIONAL: Original pronouncements, issued by the FASB. SEPT. 2009 CHANGE: Codification issued by the FASB. DIFFERENCE: Codification is listed by topic
EITF ABSTRACTS Issue No. 02-3 Title: Issues Involved in Accounting for Derivative Contracts Held for Trading Purposes and Contracts Involved in Energy Trading and Risk Management Activities Dates Discussed:
No. 2009-13 October 2009 Revenue Recognition (Topic 605) Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force An Amendment of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification
K P M G L L P Revenue Recognition Update: Implementing EITF 08-1 1 and EITF 09-3 Lisa L. Acosta Partner May 4, 2010 1 Agenda (1 of 2) The Requirements of EITF 08-1 1 and EITF 09-3 Issue 08-1, Revenue Arrangements
CPE Article By Josef Rashty, CPA A TALE OF TWO WARRANTIES Curriculum: Accounting and Auditing Level: Intermediate Designed For: CPAs in public accounting and industry Objectives: To present an overview
APPLE A Case Study in External Communication* Written by: Jenny Lee, Ian McCarthy Andrew Nguyen, Robbie Reid Bachelor s Degree Candidates Dr. Robyn Walker Faculty Advisor Prepared for: The Case Study Initiative
Mobile Access and Devices Mac/PC Compatibility: QuickStart Guide for Business 2 Mobile Access and Devices QuickStart Guide for Business The Basics The MacBook, the MacBook Pro, and the ultrathin and ultraportable
THEME: ACCRUAL VS. CASH By John W. Day, MBA ACCOUNTING: Accrual Basis This is the method by which revenues are recorded when earned, and expenses are recorded when they are incurred, as opposed to a cash-basis
FORM 10-Q ACTUATE CORP - actu Filed: August 08, 2008 (period: 2008) Quarterly report which provides a continuing view of a company's financial position 10-Q - FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE
Exhibit 50 Search CNET Go Reviews News Download CNET How To Deals Log In Join TV The CNET 100 Dive into the most influential tech, people, trends, and news stories of 2012. Share CNET News Apple iphone
Dominik Asam Member of the Managing Board CFO Infineon Technologies AG Annual General Meeting February 17, 2011 in Munich - The spoken word prevails - Ladies and Gentlemen, I would also like to take this
EITF ABSTRACTS Issue No. 01-9 Title: Accounting for Consideration Given by a Vendor to a Customer (Including a Reseller of the Vendor s Products) Dates Discussed: May 17 18, 2000; July 19 20, 2000; September
Accounting for inventory Whats inside Accounting for your inventory is as important as accounting for your sales. Every product you have on the shelf has a cost value, and the total cost of goods is likely
XMBA 2013 Netflix Strategic Analysis Global Strategic Thinking Joey M. Reed, XMBA 2013 4/17/2013 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In 1999, Reed Hastings launched an online movie rental service called, Netflix. The company
Apple: Another Byte Agenda Strategic Issue Recommendation Environmental Analysis Firm Analysis Options Conclusion Strategic Issue Apple is facing a projected decline in earnings per share in 2009 and must
1 Working capital refers to liquid funds used to purchase materials and pay workers. This is in contrast to long term capital such as buildings and machinery. Part of working capital management is cash
25 October, 2005 via e-mail Mr. Charles Dalfen Chairman Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N2 RE: Request for Deferral of the Commercial Radio Policy Review
Technology Spotlight The Future of Revenue Recognition For Private Circulation Only January 2015 Contents Executive summary 3 Background 4 Key Accounting Issues 5 Other Accounting Issues 13 Considerations
The Tablet Revolution: A Report on Tablet Usage, Tablet Conversation Analysis & How Tablet Users Interact with Search Ads RISE OF THE TABLET According to Gartner, tablets have sold faster than any other
Partner News Fall 2010 Since 1983 Software To Go has been offering superior products, service and support to small and medium sized businesses. Software To Go is a full-service Technology Solution Provider
CHAPTER 3: PREPARING FINANCIAL STATEMENTS I. TIMING AND REPORTING A. The Accounting Period Time period assumption an organization s activities can be divided into specific time periods. Examples: a month,
Accounting for Costs of Computer Software for Internal Use 20,411 Section 10,720 Statement of Position 98-1 Accounting for the Costs of Computer Software Developed or Obtained for Internal Use March 4,
Exam 1 chapters 1-4 Needles 10ed Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is the most appropriate definition of accounting?
Revenue from contracts with customers The standard is final A comprehensive look at the new revenue model No. US2014-01 (supplement) July 29, 2014 What s inside: Overview... 1 Multiple-element arrangements...
Graham Jones Internet Psychologist Web Success For Your Business How a completely new online strategy will boost your business Contents Introduction...3 Assessing the opportunity...4 It s different online...5
ELECTRONICS, SOFTWARE & SERVICES IFRS for Technology Companies: Closing the GAAP? KPMG LLP Contents What Does IFRS Mean for Technology Companies? 2 IFRS for SEC Registrants 3 Overview of U.S. GAAP Compared
Exhibit No.: A- 1_ (AJB-1) Page No.: 1 of 27 Statement of Position 98-1 Accounting for the Costs of Computer Software Developed or Obtained for Internal Use March 4, 1998 NOTE Statements of Position on
Faculty / Staff Computer Recommendations FY2014-15 October 14, 2014 Recommended Computer Systems for Faculty, Staff, and Lecturers Why Purchase an LSA IT Recommended System? The models listed below are
Microsoft Cloud and Hardware Results Drives Fourth Quarter Performance Commercial cloud annualized revenue run rate now exceeds $8 billion; Computing and Gaming Hardware, including Xbox and Surface, deliver
Google Online Marketing Challenge MS&E235 Internet Commerce Hey Buddy Software Liar s Dice iphone Application June 2009 Group Members: J. Benjamin Hernandez- Brito firstname.lastname@example.org Li Liu email@example.com
ELECTRONIC ARTS REPORTS Q2 FY14 FINANCIAL RESULTS Q2 Non-GAAP Net Revenue and EPS Results Exceed Guidance Fiscal Year 2014 Non-GAAP EPS Guidance Raised to $1.25 Per Share REDWOOD CITY, CA October 29, 2013
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE For media inquiries, contact: Eric Armstrong, Citrix Systems, Inc. (954) 267-2977 or firstname.lastname@example.org For investor inquiries, contact: Eduardo Fleites, Citrix Systems, Inc.
NAU ACCOUNTING SKILLS ASSESSMENT PRACTICE EXAM & KEY 1. A company received cash and issued common stock. What was the effect on the accounting equation? Assets Liabilities Stockholders Equity A. + NE +
Defining Issues February 2014, No. 14-9 Implementing the Forthcoming Revenue Recognition Standard Advanced planning will provide companies with the flexibility to spread the work of implementing the new
Cell Phone Operating Systems The first smartphone was the IBM Simon and was designed in 1992. The phone themselves have changed. The most important changes are in the Operating System (OS) Operating Systems
Position: Long Blyth Hardware Group Investment Thesis The market doesn t fully comprehend the possibili7es for ARM technology in new sectors and is overly pessimis7c on ARM s ability to increase profitability
How Apple s Corporate Strategy Drives High Growth Blue Ocean Strategic Moves from ipod to ipad 1996 the Apple debacle Market Cap (US $ billion, 06/02/2011) Walmart GE Oracle IBM Google Microso6 Apple Exxon
AT&T COMMISSION STUCTURE SAMSON UKO TECM 2700 4 7 7 0 S t a t e H i g h w a y 1 2 1, L e w i s v i l l e, T X 7 5 0 5 6 ( 2 1 4 ) 4 6 9-2162 Table of Contents iii Table of Contents Introduction... v Chapter
- 1 - HOW TO DO YOUR OWN PUBLIC RELATIONS Press Releases A press release contains a newsworthy announcement that you send to the press be it local, radio, tv or national newspapers. You can also send it
January THE STOCK-OPTION BACKDATING SCANDAL AND ITS MINOR IMPLICATION OF AUDIT FIRMS AN OVERVIEW 2014 Don Whalen, Esq. Director of Research email@example.com 508.476.7007 x222 Mark Cheffers, CPA, ABV,
Accounting Practice Questions 1) The fundamental accounting equation states that: a) assets = liabilities + owner s equity b) assets = liabilities + drawings c) assets = liabilities + net income d) assets
Chapter 2 The Mobile Device and Operating System Landscape 50 billion connected devices by 2020. Ericsson, 2010 Networked computers. Connected devices. Mobile devices. Machine-to-machine (M2M). On-the-Go
APX GROUP HOLDINGS, INC. REPORTS FIRST QUARTER 2015 RESULTS First Quarter 2015 Financial and Portfolio Highlights APX Group Reports Total Revenue of $149.9 Million, up 14.9% Year over Year Adjusted EBITDA
Faculty & Staff Information Technology Survey New Mexico State University Spring 2013 Information & Communication Technologies Questions: firstname.lastname@example.org 1 Table of Contents INTRODUCTION... 3 1. FIRST
Apple Inc. Case Study Key Success Factors Expertise in particular technology/research Proven ability to improve production processes Customer-need satisfaction Continued innovation Recommended Strategy
The Hong Kong Institute of Education A5B059 Bachelor of Education (Honours) (English Language) Year 2 (2014-2015) IIT1080 Foundations of Information and Communication Technologies Essay The Adoption of
2 Chapter 40878 9/25/07 3:18 PM Page 53 2 Transaction Analysis 2 Chapter 40878 Page 53 09/25/07 jhr SPOTLIGHT APPLE COMPUTER, INC. How do you manage your music library? You may use Apple Computer s itunes,