1 Why Your Students Should Study Technology A presentation on:!engineering Education!Design and Technology Education and!technology Education in the Elementary School
2 Why should your students study technology?!improved achievement!improved motivation!improved technological literacy!improved test scores No need to add another program to a crowded curriculum. Integrate it.
3 Why should your students study technology?!improved achievement Technology Education is fundamentally hands-on, it can improve achievement. Korwin (1986) found that students studying technology through a hands-on approach achieved significantly better than students who were taught through traditional methods. Saunders and Shepherdson (1984) found significantly better achievement in students who learned science through a hands-on method compared to students who learned science through lecture. von Eschenbach and Ragsdale (1989) found significantly better achievement in second graders who were taught through hands-on instruction compared to students who were traditionally taught.
4 Why should your students study technology?!improved motivation Because Technology Education is fundamentally hands- on and a natural integrator of the curriculum, it can improve motivation. Brusic (1991) found that fifth graders who were taught through hands-on curriculum integration were significantly more motivated to learn than were students who were taught through traditional methods. Childress (1994) found that students who were taught through curriculum integration did, in fact, attempt to apply science content in order to solve problems in technology.
5 Why should your students study technology?!improved technological literacy Because Technology Education is the school subject that teaches students about the human made world it helps students become technologically literate. In this context, technological literacy does not refer to minimal achievement. The term literacy implies that students will be able to function effectively in a technological society. Students learn about the breadth of technology including computers and how to apply them, but it is more than just computers. They also learn about engineering and how to apply mathematics and science to solve real-world problems.
6 Why should your students study technology?!improved technological literacy Even adults think of technology as a black box. They don t understand it. The gap is widening between information and true understanding. It provides valuable opportunities for children to tackle practical problems which transcend arbitrary boundaries of specialized subject areas, while inviting rich use of imagination. (Dunn & Larson, 1989, p. 13)
7 Why should your students study technology?!improved test scores Students achieve better because of improved motivation and retention. Students will have a reason to learn math, science, literature, social studies, writing, and reading comprehension. State standards of learning for these subjects become the focus of technology instruction integrated with academics at the elementary level. When students participate in hands-on learning, the opportunity appeals to a variety of learning styles, such as those of kinesthetic and visual learners.
8 What is Technology? Technology involves the application of knowledge, resources, materials, tools, and information in designing, producing, and using products, structures (physical and social), and systems to extend human capability to control and modify natural and human-made made environments. From Technology Education in the Classroom (1995) by Senta A. Raizen,, Peter Sellwood, Ronald A. Todd, and Margaret Vickers, p. 1.
9 What is it again?
10 Technology is... all the things people make and do to their natural environment in order to get the things they want and need.
11 What is Technology Education? Technology education is a planned program for students (from K-adult) K that...focuses on the application of knowledge, creativity, and other resources to solve practical problems and thereby extend human potential. From Mission 21 Teacher s Resource Book, Level III (1992) by Sharon A. Brusic and James L. Barnes, p. 16.
12 How is Technology Education related to Engineering and Design? Engineering Education and Design Technology, like Technology Education, lead students to apply principles of design, mathematics, and science in order to solve real problems. Like technology education, both can be delivered in a hands-on approach at the elementary school.
13 How is Technology Education related to Engineering and Design? Technology Education, Engineering Education, and Design Technology are natural curriculum integrators, thereby enabling students to learn reading, writing, speaking, mathematics, science, social studies, etc., in the same lesson through motivating hands-on, problem-centered contexts.
14 How is Technology Different than Science? This is one of the most common questions that teachers ask.
15 1. The emphasis is different. TECHNOLOGY Focuses on practice Concerned with how to or what makes Deals with doing and making Is immediately practical and useful SCIENCE Focuses on theory Concerned with what is or why Deals with knowing and understanding Is theoretical and conceptual
16 2. The body of knowledge is different. In TECHNOLOGY, we deal with human-made made phenomena. In SCIENCE, we deal with natural phenomena.
17 3. They are related and supportive. People may use science for technological purposes and they may use technology for scientific purposes.
18 4. They have different purposes. The purpose of technology is The purpose of science is to satisfy human needs and desires by designing and creating solutions to problems. explain nature so that humans can understand their natural environment.
19 Now, let s take a closer look at technology education at the elementary level.
20 So, how do you teach young children about technology? You teach it by doing it. Children become designers, engineers, inventors, and technologists in your classroom. Two examples from the classroom: Safety Systems Black Inventors
21 Teaching Safety Systems Use this downloadable book to teach the lesson on safety. Return
22 Systems as Content What all first graders should know... "Systems have parts or components that work together to accomplish a goal" (International Technology Education Association, 2000, p. 34).
23 Safety as Content What all first graders should know... Safety at home: know when to dial 911 don t let strangers in have an escape route wear a helmet never get in a dog s face Safety in public: school bus don t talk to strangers stay calm in a fire drill
24 Reading, Writing, Speaking What all first graders should know... Read aloud independently with fluency and comprehension... Select and use new vocabulary...in both speech and writing contexts.
25 Curriculum Integration Approach Safety and Systems provide a context for teaching reading, writing, and speaking. Use hands-on activity as a motivator. safety systems reading writing speaking
26 System Overhead Word Attack
27 Safety Overhead Word Attack
28 Safety Systems Reader Reading
29 Safety Systems Journal Comprehension
30 Safety Systems Design Application of Technology Students engineer safer bedrooms by inventing technology systems.
31 Safety Systems Diorama Application of Technology
32 Safety Systems Journal Writing
33 Assessment Evidence of Achievement Multiple Evidence on Systems and Safety Reading Comprehension Writing Speaking
34 Download Resources
35 Black Inventors Project What do students need to know and be able to do? Students will understand that inventions and innovations are related to the needs of society (Standard 6, Benchmark B). Students will show how inventions and innovations are creative ways to make ideas become reality (Standard 10, Benchmark D). Students will understand what is read while researching black inventions. Students will write in complete sentences that are grammatically correct. Students will demonstrate their understanding of symmetry. Return
36 Black Inventors Project Integration of Other Curriculum Competencies How to integrate a benchmark with other elementary school curriculum competencies Students had to research black inventors and create innovations on a black inventor s invention. Accomplishing the innovation assignment required applications of: Reading Comprehension Writing Mathematics
37 Assessment How do you know that a student achieved a benchmark? Multiple evidence Innovation Model Inventors Log Rubric
38 Reading Comprehension How do you know that a student comprehends what is read during the black inventor research? How do you know what Web sites they went to? How do you know what the Web site said? What if you cannot find a good Web site or book suited to the third grade reading level? Develop your own Web site, or
39 Black Inventors Web Site A starting place for research
40 Student Innovations Inventor Log Writing and Designing
41 Supplies Modeling Supplies Poster board Paper mailing tube or other tube shapes Assorted dowels Popsicle sticks Play dough Paper modeling dough Modeling clay Dixie cups (small bathroom size) Paper cups (assorted) Cellophane wrapping (colors) Glue Wooden wheels or other assorted shapes Aluminum foil Brads, tacks, and staples for paper Binder clips Post-It notes Shoe boxes Rubber bands String Wire mesh/screen (assorted) Poster paints (assorted colors) Tape (assorted) Doll clothes (assorted) Hot glue sticks (teacher use only)
42 Tools Tools that only the teacher may use Portable electric drill Twist drills (bits) Hot glue gun Hack saw Exacto knife Tools that students may use Safety scissors Paper hole punch Paint brushes Tape dispenser Paper stapler
43 Student Innovations A better mop A better stoplight A better dough kneader Return A better lamp
44 You Can Do It If these teachers could integrate technology into the curriculum, you can too. Get help from your administrator, experienced teachers, and: Innovation Station listserv Technology Education for Children Council International Technology Education Association Children s Engineering Council Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers American Association for Engineering Education. See the extensive list of additional web-based based resources on the next slide.
45 Resources to help teach technology, engineering, and design at the elementary level. Technology and Children ITEA s Member Freebees and the TTTe ITEA materials that help with standards based instruction in the Publication Catalog The Technology Education for Children Council (an affiliate of the ITEA) ITEA s Bright Ideas HITs and KITs https://www.iteawww.org/hitskitsonlineform.html ICON The Children s Engineering Laboratory Kids Design Network Children s Engineering Educators
46 Resources to help teach technology, engineering, and design at the elementary level. Innovation Station listserv Discover Engineering through Reading City Technology Technology Education for the Elementary Grades Arts and Creativity for the Elementary Child Article on Project Based Learning featuring Terry Thode Cathy Ney s Christiansburg Elementary School American Society for Engineering Education
47 References Brusic, S. (1991). Determining effects on fifth grade students achievement and curiosity when a technology education activity is integrated with a unit in science. (Doctoral dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1991). Childress, V. W. (2002). Teaching reading, writing, and systems through the context of safety. Technology and Children, 7(2), 6-7. Childress (1994). The effects of technology education, science, and mathematics integration upon eighth graders technological problem-solving ability. (Doctoral dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1994). Childress, V. W., Gray, R., & Lucas, A. (2003). Black inventors activity. The Technology Teacher, 62(8). Childress, V. W., Gray, R., & Lucas, A. (2002). The importance of studying black inventors: Knowledge, skills, and dispositions. Technology and Children, 6(4), Childress, V. W., & Gray, R., (2002). Tech techniques: Safety tips for the teacher. Technology and Children, 7(2), 5. Dunn, S., & Larson, R. (1989). Design technology: Children s engineering. London: Falmer. International Technology Education Association (2000). Standards for technological literacy: Content for the study of technology. Reston, VA: author. Korwin, A. R. (1986). Determining effects on cognitive and affective development of eighth grade students with a hands-on technology-based activity. Master s thesis, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH. Saunders, W. L., & Shepherdson, D. (1984). A comparison of concrete and formal science instruction upon science achievement and reasoning ability of sixth grade students. (Report No. SE ). New Orleans, LA: National Association for Research in Science Teaching. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED ) Sellwood, P., Todd, R. A., Vickers, M., & Raizen,S. A., (1995). Technology education in the classroom. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass. Von Eschenbach, J. F., & Ragsdale, C. (1989). The integration of elementary social studies and mathematics through experiential learning. The Social Studies, 80(6),
48 Acknowledgements This presentation was created by Vincent Childress, Ph.D., President of TECC, and Sharon Brusic,, Ph.D., Vice President for Programs of TECC, and with input from participants in the Innovation Station listserv. The Innovation Station listserv is a free teaching and learning virtual community on elementary school technology education, engineering education, and design and technology provided by the International Technology Education Association. To join the Innovation Station listserv, visit: /IS. html Vincent Childress is an associate professor of technology education at North Carolina A&T State University in Greensboro, North Carolina and can be reached at Sharon Brusic is an assistant professor of technology education at Millersville University in Millersville, Pennsylvania and can be reached at Users of this presentation may download, use, and edit it as needed at no cost. Please provide credit to TECC and ITEA for the original development of the presentation.
Invention and Innovation Introduction Kids Inventing Technology Series Look at the room around you. Every object in the room was created to solve a problem. Some problems were as basic as needing a device
Early Childhood Education Early Childhood Education, an individual event, recognizes participants who demonstrate their ability to use knowledge and skills gained from their enrollment in an occupational
Provided by TryEngineering - Lesson Focus Lesson focuses on the different uses of dams and how they are engineered. Students work in teams to develop a system of damming water in a trough. The system must
Early Childhood Education, an individual event, recognizes participants who demonstrate their ability to use knowledge and skills gained from their enrollment in an occupational early childhood program.
UNIT PLAN Title: All About Butterflies! Curricular Areas: Math, Science, Language Arts and Reading, Social Studies, Art, and Technology Applications Grade Level: Grade 3 Unit Length: 15 days, 3 weeks Goals
Integrated STEM Education through Project-Based Learning by Diana Laboy-Rush, STEM Solutions Manager at Learning.com Table of Contents: Abstract...2 Math and Science Education Crisis...3 Integrated STEM
North Carolina Professional Teaching Standards For every student in North Carolina, a knowledgeable, skilled compassionate teacher...a star in every classroom. As Approved by the State Board of Education
Amy R. McDaniel, Ph.D. Assistant Professor School of Education EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND Ph. D., University of Tennessee, Knoxville Instructional Technology Education Studies Master of Education, University
ELEMENTARY AND EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION MAJOR LEADING TO PK-4 Recommended Course Sequence 124 Credits Elementary and Early Childhood Education majors will also complete a Reading Education minor within
B.A. in Education Specialization: Early Childhood Education (P-3) Student Handbook Rowan University College of Education Teacher Education Department 1 Table of Contents Program Description 3 ECED Program
Heisler 1 Reflection Paper By: Kelsey Heisler Professor Eastman Introduction to Teaching November 27, 2007 Kelsey Heisler Heisler 2 Professor Eastman Introduction to Teaching November 27, 2007 During my
Cognitive Skills of Mathematical Problem Solving of Grade 6 Children Irene Coto Culaste Central Mindanao University, Philippines ABSTRACT This study investigated the metacognitive dimensions on the cognitive
Elementary Math Methods Syllabus Course Description This course is designed to support both new and experienced elementary math educators in refining and focusing their instructional skills. Close examination
Greenwood Public School District Dr. Montrell Greene, Superintendent Dr. June Leigh, Director of Curriculum 2015-2016 Instructional Management Plan Greenwood Public School District Academic Education Department
ELEMENTARY GUIDELINES REGARDING THE ALLOCATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL TIME A reference for school administrators planning and scheduling reportable subjects in the Ontario curriculum. GUIDING STATEMENT The purpose
Fall 2010 Page 1 of 6 Rebecca Light Curriculum Vitae Work Contact Information Home Contact Information New York University 158 West 84 th Street Department of Teaching and Learning Apartment 4D 239 Greene
Build Your Own Weather Station Every year, thousands of lives and millions of dollars are saved by severe weather warnings from the National Weather Service. From its earliest beginnings (on February 9th,
Terrace Road Primary School Art Policy TERRACE ROAD PRIMARY SCHOOL ART POLICY Introduction Terrace Road is an inner city school in Swansea. At Terrace Road school children are encouraged to develop Art/Craft
Explanation of Teaching Continuum (Adapted from Wolfinger, 1984) 1. Exposition Exposition includes those verbal methods in which some authority or expert (textbook, speaker, film, video, fact sheet) presents
New Spirit of St. Louis EGGS PRIZE Teacher Guide This curricular unit was designed to accompany a $10 million aerospace competition, the Ansari X PRIZE. The module allows students to experience the same
School Improvement Plan 2010-2014 Math Action Steps School: BROADNECK ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Math: In order to maintain and increase student achievement, the faculty and staff at Broadneck Elementary will utilize
Provided by TryEngineering - Lesson Focus Lesson focuses on engineering package designs that meet the needs of safely shipping a product. Students work in teams of "engineers" to design a package using
EARLY EDUCATION ADMPS 1001 SOCIAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION 3 cr. This course is a broad-based overview of education addressing education issues and policies in the United States. An interdisciplinary approach
Program Overview RTI Grades K 5 Master the Common Core State Standards for Math! Aligned to the ommon Core STATE STANDARDS Built on Common Core Topic Progressions Designed to help K 5 students master the
Indiana STANDARDS FOR TECHNOLOGICAL LITERACY Mike Fitzgerald Technology Education Specialist Indiana Department of Education Summer 2004 1 Logistics Introductions Workshop Registration/Evaluation Forms
Literacy Work Stations Source: Diller, D.(2003) Literacy Work Stations, Making Centers Work Kyrene Reading Instruction Focus: Improve student achievement through implementation of curriculum and adopted
CURRICULUM VITAE Name Academic Rank Address Nicole A, PhD Assistant Professor 350 Spelman Lane SW 30314 (404) 270-5821 Email: email@example.com Education Georgia State University, August 2011 Doctor
GLE 0107.4.1 Observe and illustrate the life cycle of animals. 0107.4.1 Observe, describe, and record the life cycle of a particular animal. Life Cycle of a Butterfly (Webquest for first graders) Introduction
Bachelor of Science in Early Childhood Education Singapore, 2005 2007 Offered by RTRC Asia in Collaboration with Wheelock College s Center for International Education, Leadership, and Innovation Background
Ohio Standards Connection Number, Number Sense and Operations Benchmark H Use and analyze the steps in standard and nonstandard algorithms for computing with fractions, decimals and integers. Indicator
The National Educational Standards (Upon which our local standards are based) Students demonstrate a sound understanding of the nature and operation of technology systems. Students are proficient in the
Interactive Computer Software in College Algebra Margo Alexander, Ph.D. Department of Mathematics & Computer Science Georgia State University University Plaza Atlanta, GA 30303 Phone: (404) 651-0680 Fax:
Content Mathematics Course for Elementary Teachers Paul Hartung Elizabeth Mauch Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania Abstract Bloomsburg University revised their mathematics for elementary education majors
Beacon s Education Program: Why it works 2101 Livingston Street Oakland, CA 94606 510.436.4466 beaconday.org Part One: Curriculum Spirals Beacon s Education Program is based upon a system which we call
BSCS 5E Instructional Model The guided inquiries in this book are designed using the BSCS 5E Instructional Model, commonly referred to as the 5E model (or the 5Es). Developed by the Biological Sciences
Unit/Lesson Plan Title: Transfer of Heat: Conduction Primary Subject Physical Science Integrated Subjects Math Grade Level(s) 5 Length of Unit 2 weeks Research Sources http://www.teachertube.com/viewvideo.php?video_id=186099
Addressing Technology Standards: An Analysis of STEM Lesson Plans Bettie HALL, M.Ed. Michelle L. DANIEL, M.Ed. College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services, University of Cincinnati Cincinnati,
Provided by TryEngineering - Lesson Focus Lesson focuses on the engineering behind keeping food and other items cool. Students work in teams to develop a system to make an insulated liquid container that
Sample Letters Sample Letters Promotion & Placement Sample Letter A Sample Letter to Parent or Guardian of Student Who Did Not Achieve Grade Level on the Criterion-Referenced Competency Test (CTCT) A few
Unit/Lesson Plan Title: Too Hot to Handle! Primary Subject Integrated Subjects Grade Level(s) 3 Length of Unit Research Sources Unit Summary Key Vocabulary NC Essential Standards For Science Energy/Energy
An Overview of Gifted and Talented Identification and Services Columbus City Schools Gene T. Harris, Ph.D., Superintendent/CEO Gifted and Talented Department Toia Robinson, Supervisor Shepard Center 873
Technology Standards for Students Jennifer Burke How should students be able to use technology? Should technology standards be described separately from core content or be incorporated into it? Is technology
Electronic Evidence # Literacy Infused Curriculum Project: Special Education Project Rubric Evidence Descriptors and Tool Highlighted yellow text below describes how the evidence specifically addresses
MaKey MaKey Scratch Operation Game by Josh Burker Use a MaKey MaKey, Scratch, and some recycled materials to create your own Operation game! Remove the patient s bones and organs without touching the sides!
Purpose: The purpose of this document is to provide answers to the questions that have been asked over the course of selecting and adopting the Math Expressions for all elementary schools in the Boulder
READY FOR PRIMARY TIME: ADAPTING ENGINEERING CURRICULUM FOR THE K-2 CLASSROOM Presented by Gail Gerdemann Oregon State University STEPs Program funded by Howard Hughes Medical Institute FINDING GREAT ENGINEERING
Theme 1 Student Learning/Curriculum and Instruction High expectations are at the heart of the vision for all students in the Revere Public Schools. By embracing the Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks,
Round Rock ISD 2008-09 Lesson 1 Grade 3 Measurement Kit Broken Rulers and Line It Up!* - A Length Measurement Lesson tech *Lesson is adapted from two activities in Sizing Up Measurement: Activities for
Ohio Standards Connection: Economics Benchmark B Distinguish between goods and services and explain how people can be both buyers and sellers of goods and services. Indicator 3 Recognize that most people
A STATISTICS COURSE FOR ELEMENTARY AND MIDDLE SCHOOL TEACHERS Gary Kader and Mike Perry Appalachian State University USA This paper will describe a content-pedagogy course designed to prepare elementary
Nevis Public School District #308 District Literacy Plan Minnesota Statute 120B.12, 2011 2015-2016 Learning together... Achieving quality together. SCHOOL BOARD Chairperson: Vice Chairperson: Treasurer:
Scholastic ReadingLine Aligns to Early Reading First Criteria and Required Activities Early Reading First (ERF) is a federal grant program that is part of the President s Early Childhood Initiative, Good
4 Square Writing Method Developed by Judith Gould Madalyn Jira Taylors Elementary When we teach Math Give students formulas Science Give students a scientific method Reading Give students decoding skills
Walden University Catalog 2005 2006 vii School of Education M.S. in Education The M.S. in Education program is designed to develop educators serving students in K 12 classrooms as scholar-practitioners
From High School Teaching to Designing Curriculum: Inspiring the Next Generation of Earth Scientists Sara R. Walkup Science Curriculum Specialist The Learning Design Group at the Lawrence Hall of Science
Using Ohm s Law to Build a Voltage Provided by TryEngineering - Lesson Focus Students will design, build, and characterize one of the basic circuits of electrical engineering, the voltage divider. These
theme / MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE A can of Coke leads to a piece of pi A professional development exercise for educators is an adaptable math lesson for many grades BY MARILYN BURNS During a professional
: Activity One: Making a Writing Box Children who are allowed to experiment with writing during the preschool years will later learn to compose more easily and with greater confidence than children who
KIMBERLY FERRARIO firstname.lastname@example.org EDUCATION RESEARCH Ph.D. Education, June 2009 Emphasis on Language, Literacy and Culture University California, Davis Advisers: Professor Sandra Murphy, School of Education,
THE FRAMEWORK FOR INTEGRATIVE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING & MATHEMATICS (STEM) EDUCATION ENDORSEMENT GUIDELINES September 2014 Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Tom Corbett, Governor Department of Education
Kindergarten Teachers Mrs. Kreiling itunes gift cards to purchase apps for the ipad Glitter glue sticks Seasonal/holiday stickers Tissue paper (any color) Scrap booking paper Coloring books Craft sticks
WiggleWorks Aligns to Title I, Part A The purpose of Title I, Part A Improving Basic Programs is to ensure that children in high-poverty schools meet challenging State academic content and student achievement
LIGHT FROM SALT WATER A battery is actually a box full of energy. This is handy because then you always have electricity when you want it. Wherever you are. In a dark, creepy forest or simply if you want
California Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Curriculum for Grades 4 and 5 Online Training A project of the California Healthy Kids and After School Resource Center and the California Safe Routes to School
The Best Ideas for Managing and Evaluating the Interactive Student Notebook Presented by TCI www.teachtci.com (800) 497-6138 P A R T Using the Interactive Student Notebook 3 125 Using the Interactive Student
Provided by TryEngineering - L e s s o n F o c u s Lesson focuses on sports engineering and advanced materials development. Students work in a team to devise a racquet out of everyday materials that could
What s the MATTER? ~ A Returning Developer ~ For further information contact Brandi Miller Caldwell Elementary 141 Dairy Road Auburndale, FL 33823 Route B 863-965-5470 email@example.com n PROGRAM
New Hampshire Department of Education Special Education Program Approval and Improvement Process The mission of NHDOE Special Education Program Approval is to improve education results for all learners.
University of Connecticut Cognition, Instruction, & Learning The Neag School of Education Department of Educational Psychology Technology Graduate Program Doctoral Handbook 2014-15 1 P a g e TABLE OF CONTENTS
Solar Energy Fun Powered by the Sun by Cathy Bellinghieri, 2 nd Grade Teacher/Science Coach and Leslie Gonzalez, 5 th Grade Teacher/Science Coach Gulfstream Elementary School Mail Code 2321 firstname.lastname@example.org
Jennifer Durham, Ph.D. 2318 North Quantico Street Arlington, VA 22205 703.869.2140 email@example.com EDUCATION Ph.D. Education 2010 George Mason University Fairfax, Virginia Major: Special Education, Minor:
Welcome To GATE Parent Information Night Presented by : Julie Williams, Fremont Unified School District GATE Program Specialist firstname.lastname@example.org Who Are The Gifted? According to the National
Executive Summary Principles and Standards for School Mathematics Overview We live in a time of extraordinary and accelerating change. New knowledge, tools, and ways of doing and communicating mathematics
School Lesson plan Topic School, school objects, rules, subjects, rooms and uniforms Aims To practise (depending on stages chosen): vocabulary: words connected to school, school objects, rules, subjects,
Master of Education in Early Childhood Education, PreK-4 and Early Childhood Education Certification Programs STUDENT HANDBOOK Lincoln University Graduate Education Program 3020 Market Street Philadelphia,