1 Information Technology Education in the Sri Lankan School System: Challenges and Perspectives Chandima H. De Silva To cite this version: Chandima H. De Silva. Information Technology Education in the Sri Lankan School System: Challenges and Perspectives. Michael E. Auer. Conference ICL2007, September 26-28, 2007, 2007, Villach, Austria. Kassel University Press, 7 p. <hal > HAL Id: hal https://telearn.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal Submitted on 18 Feb 2008 HAL is a multi-disciplinary open access archive for the deposit and dissemination of scientific research documents, whether they are published or not. The documents may come from teaching and research institutions in France or abroad, or from public or private research centers. L archive ouverte pluridisciplinaire HAL, est destinée au dépôt et à la diffusion de documents scientifiques de niveau recherche, publiés ou non, émanant des établissements d enseignement et de recherche français ou étrangers, des laboratoires publics ou privés.
2 Conference ICL2007 September 26-28, 2007 Villach, Austria 1 Information Technology Education in the Sri Lankan School System: Challenges and Perspectives Chandima H. de Silva University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka Key words: Information Technology education, Pedagogy in IT, Didactics in IT Abstract: Introduction of Information Technology into the secondary school curriculum in Sri Lanka is a very recent development. The subject General Information Technology (GIT) was included for G.C.E. Advanced Level Examination in 2005 while plans are afoot to introduce Information Technology as a subject for G.C.E. Ordinary Level from Results of the first GIT examination held in 2005 clearly show poor performance by students. Considering the large amount of money spent for Information Technology education in schools and the aspirations of students in acquiring a sound knowledge in Information Technology while in school, it is essential that an analysis is done to evaluate the merits and demerits of Information Technology education in schools. This paper critically analyses the present structure and process of IT education in secondary schools in Sri Lanka, including aspects of curriculum and teacher training, and attempts to make suggestions to enhance IT education in schools, especially in the context of Ministry of Education s policy to broad-base IT education in schools. 1. Introduction and background A remarkable growth in the interest among the younger generation in Sri Lanka to embark on information technology related study programs is observed during the last decade or so. However, the introduction of information technology as a subject in the secondary school curriculum is only a very recent development. The pilot project on teaching General Information Technology (GIT) to year 12 and year 13 school children started only in 2002 while teaching GIT as a selective subject in a limited number of schools commenced in At present there are approximately 10,000 schools in Sri Lanka and approximately 2400 out of these have G.C.E. Advanced Level classes. GIT is presently being offered as a selective subject in approximately 500 schools and the first batch of students took this subject in the G.C.E. Advanced Level examination 1 in June Plans are afoot to offer Information Technology as a subject in the G.C.E. Ordinary Level Examination from the year Apart form the above mentioned teaching of IT, there is no other formal teaching in IT at present in the primary and secondary school system in Sri Lanka. 1 General Certificate of Education (Advanced Level) Examination also functions as the entrance examination to Sri Lankan universities
3 Conference ICL2007 September 26-28, 2007 Villach, Austria 2 The Ministry of Education, Sri Lanka, according to its circular 2004/20, has identified four pre-requisites to conduct teaching GIT in a particular school namely, (a) a minimum of four computers. (b) one teacher with sufficient subject knowledge and training. (c) a secure room (lab) with electricity supply. (d) sufficient furniture. The Government of Sri Lanka having recognized teaching GIT as a priority, formulated the National Policy on Information Technology in School Education (NPITSE) in The vision of NPITSE is a new generation of Sri Lankans empowered with Information and Communication Technology and to facilitate the planning, implementation and sustenance of Information Technology education in schools to enhance students learning and quality of teaching. Since the formulation of the NPITSE, the Government has initiated several programmes under four strategic themes namely, curriculum development, human resources development, physical infrastructure development and support initiatives development. Approximately 1000 teachers have so far been trained in teaching GIT, syllabuses have been formulated, computers have been provided to many schools and even physical infrastructure has been enhanced. There are plans to propagate teaching IT to even lower forms in schools in the near future. The network of Government schools has been laid to provide universal access to primary and secondary education throughout Sri Lanka. Education is provided free up to University level by the Government. A comparatively even distribution of schools and teachers, in relation to student enrollment across the country is visible (Table 1). Province Number of Number of Number of Average Student Schools Students Teachers School Size Teacher Ratio Western 1, ,434 38, Central 1, ,262 27, Southern 1, ,109 26, North-Eastern 1, ,195 27, North-Western 1, ,510 24, North-Central ,380 13, Uva ,897 14, Sabaragamuwa 1, ,288 19, Sri Lanka 9,826 4,027, , Table 1. Government Schools, Student Enrolment and Teachers, by province, 2002 (Source: The World Bank, Human Development Unit, South Asia Region) However, school completion rates are less satisfactory in the senior secondary level, with comparatively low examination pass rates at the G.C.E. O/L (grade 11) and G.C.E. A/L (grade 13) examinations (Table 2).
4 Conference ICL2007 September 26-28, 2007 Villach, Austria 3 Province Number of students Appearing for the GCE O/L Examination Number of Students Completing the GCE O/L Examination and Qualifying for the GCE A/L Cycle Proportion of Students Successfully Completing the GCE O/L Examination % Number of students Appearing for the GCE A/L Examination Number of Students Completing the GCE A/L Examination Proportion of Students Successfully Completing the GCE A/L Examination % Western 78,832 37, ,051 26, Central 48,641 15, ,564 13, Southern 48,390 17, ,337 15, North-Eastern 41,659 13, ,088 16, North-Western 41,609 15, ,226 12, North-Central 22,180 6, ,305 5, Uva 26,262 8, ,684 6, Sabaragamuwa 34,743 11, ,681 10, Sri Lanka 342, , , , Table 2. GCE O/L and GCE A/L Examination Pass Rates, by Province, 2002 (Source: The World Bank, Human Development Unit, South Asia Region) 2. Motivation and usefulness Given the above developments that have taken place during the recent past and the enormous amount of both financial and human resources invested in the process, a scientific study to evaluate the effectiveness of this whole process is yet to be done. This, in our opinion, is a national need due to several reasons. The wide variation in IT knowledge among teachers and general inadequacies in both knowledge and training, if any, should be identified and need to be remedied sooner than later in order to make the efforts of the Government bear fruit. Secondly, a proper study should be done to examine whether both physical and human resources are being optimally utilized. Thirdly, a proper evaluation of teaching GIT in year 12 and year 13 should be done to enable the authorities to be satisfied before propagating IT into the school curriculum in lower forms. Last but not least, a curriculum evaluation should be made to make sure that what is being presently taught is in line with the requirements of universities to which some of these students will eventually enter, and in general with the requirements of employers. This paper primarily analyses the performance of students at the first GIT Examination conducted in Sri Lanka. At the time of writing this paper, only marks in respect of the second paper was available. Several research work carried out previously by distinguished academics motivated the author to do a similar study in the Sri Lankan context. Valentina Dagiene presents the goals and nature of introducing IT into the school curriculum in Lithuania and Peter Micheuz [5,6]describes how the Austrian school system has responded to the needs of a growing digital economy over many years. Ewa Gurbiel et al  puts forward how ICT was integrated into the curriculum in the Polish Education System while Christian Doringer  discusses the importance of educational standards in school informatics in Austria. Standards in the Russian Education System with respect to ICT are discussed by Kuznetsov and Beshenkov  and recent tendencies in teaching ICT in Ukraine is given by Oleg Spirin . Markus Schneider  discusses strategies to incorporate even abstract
5 Conference ICL2007 September 26-28, 2007 Villach, Austria 4 concepts in IT into the school curriculum in Bavarian Gymnasiums. Many other researchers have also documented their research on different aspects of teaching and learning ICT in schools and experiences in introducing ICT into the school curriculum. Introduction of ICT into the Sri Lankan school system is only a recent development and no research has so far been done on any of the above mentioned aspects. It is in this backdrop that the author presents the foregoing analysis on the performance at the first GIT examination in the Sri Lankan school system. 3. Structure, syllabus and assessment of the GIT Examination According to the official document prepared by the National Institute of Education, Sri Lanka , setting out the syllabus of GIT examination, the objectives of the GIT examination are for the student to understand the basic concepts of IT, understand the potential of IT tools and apply them appropriately, identify the further study paths in IT based on his/her ability, gain knowledge in selecting the directions towards employment opportunities in IT and associated fields, adapt IT to enhance learning, demonstrate an awareness of social, ethical and safety issues related to IT and appreciate the importance of IT in national development. It is debatable as to how many of these objectives are in fact practically measurable. Subject contents of the GIT examination and recommended time allocation are summarized in Table 3. One period is defined to be forty minutes. Topic Proposed no. of periods 1. IT Fundamentals 12 (Theory 11, Practical 1) 2. Mathematics for Computing Information Systems and IT Computer Programming 20 (Theory 10, Practical 10) 5. Use of Computer Software 14 (Theory 4, Practical 10) 6. IT and National Development 02 Total 72 (Theory 51, Practical 21) Table 3. Contents of the GIT Examination (Source: GIT Syllabus, National Institute of Education, Sri Lanka ) Assessment of the GIT examination is carried out as follows. School based assessment is done through a written examination administered by teachers under the guidance of the National Institute of Education. The National Level Examination (GIT Examination) is conducted by the Examinations Department of Sri Lanka. This examinations comprises two papers namely, objective type multiple choice paper of one hour duration (number of questions 40) and structured paper of two hours duration (number of questions 6 and students have to answer 4). The medium of both these papers is English and the distribution of marks is 40 and 60 respectively.
6 Conference ICL2007 September 26-28, 2007 Villach, Austria 5 3. Analysis of Performance of Students in the GIT Examination The author extends his appreciation to the R & D Branch of the Examinations Department of Sri Lanka for providing the data. The examinations consisted of six structured questions out of which students had to answer four. Each question carried 15 marks. The lowest mark obtained was 00 while the highest was 60. The mean of marks was 8.9 and the standard deviation was The Facility Index of almost all items is below 0.5, which is an indication of poor performance. Furthermore, the facility index in many parts is less than 0.1, which indicates that many students have scored low marks. This implies that the majority of students had found it difficult to answer the questions. Reasons of this poor performance could be many and needs investigation. 4. Discussion The previous paragraph presented an analysis of the performance of students at the first GIT examination held in Sri Lanka. Results of this examination are not at all encouraging. In fact, the above analysis clearly shows that certain factors have influenced the poor performance by students. Though a thorough investigation has to be conducted to find the exact reasons, the author is of the opinion that the following reasons represent the exact reasons. These reasons given are not in any priority order. (a) The medium of examination was English while the majority of schools in Sri Lanka still use native languages, i.e. Sinhalese or Tamil, for teaching. (b) Insufficient computer laboratories for practical work. (c) Insufficient number of well trained, specialized teachers in IT in the school system. (d) Insufficient teaching and learning material in the form of books, tutorials, instruction manuals and e-learning content. (e) Insufficient number of periods allocated in the school timetable for teaching IT. 5. Related perspectives The results of an econometric analysis of the factors associated with primary grade cognitive achievement suggests that, among education variables, teacher performance plays an important role in determining the learning outcomes of students. Students perform better in classes where teachers use student-centered learning methods, employ desk work as part of classroom practice, use oral English in their teaching and evaluate student exercises. From a policy perspective, these findings emphasize the importance of teacher performance. Hence, initiatives to improve the capabilities, motivation and classroom practice of teachers needs to be a core element of education development strategy. According to the same study, the adoption of a student-centered learning approach contributes positively to learning outcomes in all three subject areas namely, first language, English and Mathematics. This finding provides important econometric support to findings from qualitative studies that parents and teachers perceive studentcentered learning as improving student performance. The same argument could well be applied in IT education too.
7 Conference ICL2007 September 26-28, 2007 Villach, Austria 6 The use of oral English in teaching contributes favorably not only to English language scores but also to first language learning and mathematics achievement. This could be attributed to the ability of teachers conversant in English to access ideas and general information better than teachers lacking English language competency. Improving the English language capabilities of teachers, hence, could yield broad benefits to students. Students attending schools with electricity perform better than students in schools without electricity. Schools with electricity are likely to be better endowed, in terms of facilities and services, so that this is a plausible finding.
8 Conference ICL2007 September 26-28, 2007 Villach, Austria 7 References: 1. Dagiene, Valentina., Teaching Information Technology in General Education:Challenges and Perspectives, R.T. Mittermeir(ed.), ISSEP 2005, Lecture Notes In Computer Science 3422, Springer-Verlag Berlin, pp Doringer, Christian., Educational Standards in School Informatics in Austria, R.T. Mittermeir(ed.), ISSEP 2005, Lecture Notes In Computer Science 3422, Springer-Verlag Berlin, pp Gurbiel, Ewa et al, Informatics and ICT in Polish Education System, R.T. Mittermeir(ed.), ISSEP 2005, Lecture Notes In Computer Science 3422, Springer-Verlag Berlin, pp Kuznetsov, Aleksandr A. and Beshenkov, Sergey A., Russian Educational Standards of Informatics and Informatics Technologies(ICT):Aims, Contents, Perspectives, R.T. Mittermeir(ed.), ISSEP 2005, Lecture Notes In Computer Science 3422, Springer-Verlag Berlin, pp Micheuz, Peter., 20 Years of Computers and Informatics in Austria s Secondary Academic Schools, R.T. Mittermeir(ed.), ISSEP 2005, Lecture Notes In Computer Science 3422, Springer-Verlag Berlin, pp Micheuz, Peter.,The Role of ICT and Informatics in Austria s Secondary Academic Schools, R.T. Mittermeir(ed.), ISSEP 2005, Lecture Notes In Computer Science 3422, Springer-Verlag Berlin, pp Schneider, Markus., A Strategy to Introduce Functional Data Modeling at School Informatics, R.T. Mittermeir(ed.), ISSEP 2005, Lecture Notes In Computer Science 3422, Springer-Verlag Berlin, pp Spirin, Oleg., The Present-Day Tendencies of Teaching Informatics in Ukraine, R.T. Mittermeir(ed.), ISSEP 2005, Lecture Notes In Computer Science 3422, Springer-Verlag Berlin, pp General Information Technology (GIT), Grade 12, Syllabus, National Institute of Education, Sri Lanka. (www.moe.gov.lk GIT resources) Author: Chandima H. de Silva, BS, MPhil, MBCS Department of Statistics & Computer Science University of Kelaniya Kelaniya, Sri Lanka
ICT Curriculum in Sri Lankan Schools: A Critical Review Chandima H. de Silva Department of Statistics & Computer Science University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka email@example.com Key words: ICT Education,
Mobility management and vertical handover decision making in heterogeneous wireless networks Mariem Zekri To cite this version: Mariem Zekri. Mobility management and vertical handover decision making in
ibalance-abf: a Smartphone-Based Audio-Biofeedback Balance System Céline Franco, Anthony Fleury, Pierre-Yves Guméry, Bruno Diot, Jacques Demongeot, Nicolas Vuillerme To cite this version: Céline Franco,
A usage coverage based approach for assessing product family design Jiliang Wang To cite this version: Jiliang Wang. A usage coverage based approach for assessing product family design. Other. Ecole Centrale
A graph based framework for the definition of tools dealing with sparse and irregular distributed data-structures Serge Chaumette, Jean-Michel Lepine, Franck Rubi To cite this version: Serge Chaumette,
Advantages and disadvantages of e-learning at the technical university Olga Sheypak, Galina Artyushina, Anna Artyushina To cite this version: Olga Sheypak, Galina Artyushina, Anna Artyushina. Advantages
Knowledge based tool for modeling dynamic systems in education Krassen Stefanov, Galina Dimitrova To cite this version: Krassen Stefanov, Galina Dimitrova. Knowledge based tool for modeling dynamic systems
Overview of model-building strategies in population PK/PD analyses: 2002-2004 literature survey. Céline Dartois, Karl Brendel, Emmanuelle Comets, Céline Laffont, Christian Laveille, Brigitte Tranchand,
Use of tabletop exercise in industrial training disaster. Alexis Descatha, Thomas Loeb, François Dolveck, Nathalie-Sybille Goddet, Valerie Poirier, Michel Baer To cite this version: Alexis Descatha, Thomas
Faut-il des cyberarchivistes, et quel doit être leur profil professionnel? Jean-Daniel Zeller To cite this version: Jean-Daniel Zeller. Faut-il des cyberarchivistes, et quel doit être leur profil professionnel?.
Discussion on the paper Hypotheses testing by convex optimization by A. Goldenschluger, A. Juditsky and A. Nemirovski. Fabienne Comte, Celine Duval, Valentine Genon-Catalot To cite this version: Fabienne
Expanding Renewable Energy by Implementing Demand Response Stéphanie Bouckaert, Vincent Mazauric, Nadia Maïzi To cite this version: Stéphanie Bouckaert, Vincent Mazauric, Nadia Maïzi. Expanding Renewable
Introduction to the papers of TWG18: Mathematics teacher education and professional development Stefan Zehetmeier, Marc Bosse, Laurinda Brown, Alena Hošpesová, Nicolina Malara, Bettina Rösken-Winter To
FP-Hadoop: Efficient Execution of Parallel Jobs Over Skewed Data Miguel Liroz-Gistau, Reza Akbarinia, Patrick Valduriez To cite this version: Miguel Liroz-Gistau, Reza Akbarinia, Patrick Valduriez. FP-Hadoop:
QASM: a Q&A Social Media System Based on Social Semantics Zide Meng, Fabien Gandon, Catherine Faron-Zucker To cite this version: Zide Meng, Fabien Gandon, Catherine Faron-Zucker. QASM: a Q&A Social Media
Virtual plants in high school informatics L-systems Janka Majherov To cite this version: Janka Majherov. Virtual plants in high school informatics L-systems. Michael E. Auer. Conference ICL2007, September
ANIMATED PHASE PORTRAITS OF NONLINEAR AND CHAOTIC DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS Jean-Marc Ginoux To cite this version: Jean-Marc Ginoux. ANIMATED PHASE PORTRAITS OF NONLINEAR AND CHAOTIC DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS. A.H. Siddiqi,
Should Students Use Their Private Laptop Computers for Study Purposes? Robert Pucher, Christian Kollmitzer, Fritz Schmoellebeck To cite this version: Robert Pucher, Christian Kollmitzer, Fritz Schmoellebeck.
Study on Cloud Service Mode of Agricultural Information Institutions Xiaorong Yang, Nengfu Xie, Dan Wang, Lihua Jiang To cite this version: Xiaorong Yang, Nengfu Xie, Dan Wang, Lihua Jiang. Study on Cloud
An update on acoustics designs for HVAC (Engineering) Ken MARRIOTT To cite this version: Ken MARRIOTT. An update on acoustics designs for HVAC (Engineering). Société Française d Acoustique. Acoustics 2012,
Online vehicle routing and scheduling with continuous vehicle tracking Jean Respen, Nicolas Zufferey, Jean-Yves Potvin To cite this version: Jean Respen, Nicolas Zufferey, Jean-Yves Potvin. Online vehicle
VR4D: An Immersive and Collaborative Experience to Improve the Interior Design Process Amine Chellali, Frederic Jourdan, Cédric Dumas To cite this version: Amine Chellali, Frederic Jourdan, Cédric Dumas.
Managing Risks at Runtime in VoIP Networks and Services Oussema Dabbebi, Remi Badonnel, Olivier Festor To cite this version: Oussema Dabbebi, Remi Badonnel, Olivier Festor. Managing Risks at Runtime in
Minkowski Sum of Polytopes Defined by Their Vertices Vincent Delos, Denis Teissandier To cite this version: Vincent Delos, Denis Teissandier. Minkowski Sum of Polytopes Defined by Their Vertices. Journal
Territorial Intelligence and Innovation for the Socio-Ecological Transition Jean-Jacques Girardot, Evelyne Brunau To cite this version: Jean-Jacques Girardot, Evelyne Brunau. Territorial Intelligence and
What Development for Bioenergy in Asia: A Long-term Analysis of the Effects of Policy Instruments using TIAM-FR model Seungwoo Kang, Sandrine Selosse, Nadia Maïzi To cite this version: Seungwoo Kang, Sandrine
A Virtual Teacher Community to Facilitate Professional Development Desislava Ratcheva, Eliza Stefanova, Iliana Nikolova To cite this version: Desislava Ratcheva, Eliza Stefanova, Iliana Nikolova. A Virtual
SELECTIVELY ABSORBING COATINGS J. Vuletin, P. Kuli ik, M. Bosanac To cite this version: J. Vuletin, P. Kuli ik, M. Bosanac. SELECTIVELY ABSORBING COATINGS. Journal de Physique Colloques, 1981, 42 (C1),
Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3422 Commenced Publication in 1973 Founding and Former Series Editors: Gerhard Goos, Juris Hartmanis, and Jan van Leeuwen Editorial Board David Hutchison Lancaster University,
Additional mechanisms for rewriting on-the-fly SPARQL queries proxy Arthur Vaisse-Lesteven, Bruno Grilhères To cite this version: Arthur Vaisse-Lesteven, Bruno Grilhères. Additional mechanisms for rewriting
Pricing access to the Internet with partial information Ilaria Brunetti, Eitan Altman, Majed Haddad To cite this version: Ilaria Brunetti, Eitan Altman, Majed Haddad. Pricing access to the Internet with
Aligning subjective tests using a low cost common set Yohann Pitrey, Ulrich Engelke, Marcus Barkowsky, Romuald Pépion, Patrick Le Callet To cite this version: Yohann Pitrey, Ulrich Engelke, Marcus Barkowsky,
The CHI 2013 Interactive Schedule Arvind Satyanarayan, Daniel Strazzulla, Clemens Klokmose, Michel Beaudouin-Lafon, Wendy E. Mackay To cite this version: Arvind Satyanarayan, Daniel Strazzulla, Clemens
The Effectiveness of non-focal exposure to web banner ads Marc Vanhuele, Didier Courbet, Sylvain Denis, Frédéric Lavigne, Amélie Borde To cite this version: Marc Vanhuele, Didier Courbet, Sylvain Denis,
ISO9001 Certification in UK Organisations A comparative study of motivations and impacts. Scott McCrosson, Michele Cano, Eileen O Neill, Abdessamad Kobi To cite this version: Scott McCrosson, Michele Cano,
Global Identity Management of Virtual Machines Based on Remote Secure Elements Hassane Aissaoui, P. Urien, Guy Pujolle To cite this version: Hassane Aissaoui, P. Urien, Guy Pujolle. Global Identity Management
A Conceptual Model for Production Leveling (Heijunka) Implementation in Batch Production Systems Luciano Fonseca De Araujo, Abelardo Alves De Queiroz To cite this version: Luciano Fonseca De Araujo, Abelardo
Running an HCI Experiment in Multiple Parallel Universes,, To cite this version:,,. Running an HCI Experiment in Multiple Parallel Universes. CHI 14 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems.
Towards Collaborative Learning via Shared Artefacts over the Grid Cornelia Boldyreff, Phyo Kyaw, Janet Lavery, David Nutter, Stephen Rank To cite this version: Cornelia Boldyreff, Phyo Kyaw, Janet Lavery,
DEM modeling of penetration test in static and dynamic conditions Quoc Anh Tran, Bastien Chevalier, Pierre Breul To cite this version: Quoc Anh Tran, Bastien Chevalier, Pierre Breul. DEM modeling of penetration
ANALYSIS OF SNOEK-KOSTER (H) RELAXATION IN IRON J. San Juan, G. Fantozzi, M. No, C. Esnouf, F. Vanoni To cite this version: J. San Juan, G. Fantozzi, M. No, C. Esnouf, F. Vanoni. ANALYSIS OF SNOEK-KOSTER
An integrated planning-simulation-architecture approach for logistics sharing management: A case study in Northern Thailand and Southern China Pree Thiengburanathum, Jesus Gonzalez-Feliu, Yacine Ouzrout,
A modeling approach for locating logistics platforms for fast parcels delivery in urban areas Olivier Guyon, Nabil Absi, Dominique Feillet, Thierry Garaix To cite this version: Olivier Guyon, Nabil Absi,
Cobi: Communitysourcing Large-Scale Conference Scheduling Haoqi Zhang, Paul André, Lydia Chilton, Juho Kim, Steven Dow, Robert Miller, Wendy E. Mackay, Michel Beaudouin-Lafon To cite this version: Haoqi
Physicians balance billing, supplemental insurance and access to health care Izabela Jelovac To cite this version: Izabela Jelovac. Physicians balance billing, supplemental insurance and access to health
Information behaviour and practices of PhD students Thea Marie Drachen, Asger Væring Larsen, Eystein Gullbekk, Hilde Westbye, Karin Lach To cite this version: Thea Marie Drachen, Asger Væring Larsen, Eystein
New implementions of predictive alternate analog/rf test with augmented model redundancy Haithem Ayari, Florence Azais, Serge Bernard, Mariane Comte, Vincent Kerzerho, Michel Renovell To cite this version:
Cracks detection by a moving photothermal probe J. Bodnar, M. Egée, C. Menu, R. Besnard, A. Le Blanc, M. Pigeon, J. Sellier To cite this version: J. Bodnar, M. Egée, C. Menu, R. Besnard, A. Le Blanc, et
Int. J. Engng Ed. Vol. 22, No. 6, pp. 1319±1324, 2006 0949-149X/91 $3.00+0.00 Printed in Great Britain. # 2006 TEMPUS Publications. Work Placements and the Final Year Project: A Joint Experience in the
The truck scheduling problem at cross-docking terminals Lotte Berghman,, Roel Leus, Pierre Lopez To cite this version: Lotte Berghman,, Roel Leus, Pierre Lopez. The truck scheduling problem at cross-docking
Application-Aware Protection in DWDM Optical Networks Hamza Drid, Bernard Cousin, Nasir Ghani To cite this version: Hamza Drid, Bernard Cousin, Nasir Ghani. Application-Aware Protection in DWDM Optical
Ontology-based Tailoring of Software Process Models Ricardo Eito-Brun To cite this version: Ricardo Eito-Brun. Ontology-based Tailoring of Software Process Models. Terminology and Knowledge Engineering
Undulators and wigglers for the new generation of synchrotron sources P. Elleaume To cite this version: P. Elleaume. Undulators and wigglers for the new generation of synchrotron sources. Journal de Physique
Human Capital and Good Governance - How far the Master of Business Administration Degree Programs Relevant to Local Corporate Culture? A Case Study based on Sri Lanka Dr. S.W.S.B. Dasanayaka Ph.D. (Economics),
Proceedings of Jaffna University International Research Conference (JUICE-2012), pp. 99-104, published: March 2014, Sri Lanka Experiences and Challenges of Teaching Science at Junior Secondary Level N.G.P.
GDS Resource Record: Generalization of the Delegation Signer Model Gilles Guette, Bernard Cousin, David Fort To cite this version: Gilles Guette, Bernard Cousin, David Fort. GDS Resource Record: Generalization
Performance Evaluation of Encryption Algorithms Key Length Size on Web Browsers Syed Zulkarnain Syed Idrus, Syed Alwee Aljunid, Salina Mohd Asi, Suhizaz Sudin To cite this version: Syed Zulkarnain Syed
In a paperless world a new role for academic libraries: Providing Open Access Hélène Bosc, Stevan Harnad To cite this version: Hélène Bosc, Stevan Harnad. In a paperless world a new role for academic libraries:
247 REGULATIONS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF EDUCATION (MEd) (See also General Regulations) Any publication based on work approved for a higher degree should contain a reference to the effect that the work
Multilateral Privacy in Clouds: Requirements for Use in Industry Ina Schiering, Markus Hansen To cite this version: Ina Schiering, Markus Hansen. Multilateral Privacy in Clouds: Requirements for Use in
Recommendations to the adult education providers on math skills promotion Secondary school mathematics curriculum is divided into the basic course and the advanced course. Such a distinction is the recognition
Programme description for PhD Programme in Educational Sciences for Teacher Education (180 ECTS credits) at Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences Approved by the Oslo and Akershus University
Smart building : a new concept of engineering education curriculum Anne-Marie Jolly, Christophe Léger, Guy Lamarque To cite this version: Anne-Marie Jolly, Christophe Léger, Guy Lamarque. Smart building
A few elements in software development engineering education Vincent Ribaud, Philippe Saliou To cite this version: Vincent Ribaud, Philippe Saliou. A few elements in software development engineering education.
Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized PROJECT INFORMATION DOCUMENT (PID) CONCEPT STAGE Report No.: AB6122 Project Name Human
DoQuP project WP.1 - Definition and implementation of an on-line documentation system for quality assurance of study programmes in partner countries Deliverable 1.3 - Methodologies and procedures of definition,
Demand Readiness Level (DRL), a new tool to hybridize Market Pull and Technology Push approaches. Introspective analysis of the new trends in Technology Transfer practices. Florin Paun To cite this version:
BS Environmental Science (2013-2014) Program Information Point of Contact Brian M. Morgan (firstname.lastname@example.org) Support for University and College Missions Marshall University is a multi-campus public
THE OPEN UNIVERSITY OF SRI LANKA BACHELOR OF EDUCATION IN SPECIAL NEEDS EDUCATION DEGREE PROGRAMME GENERAL INFORMATION 2014/2015 Department of Special Needs Education Faculty of Education The Open University
Developing a Robust Self Evaluation Framework for Active Learning: The First Stage of an Erasmus+ Project (QAEMarketPlace4HEI). Robin Clark, Jens Bennedsen, Siegfried Rouvrais, Juha Kontio, Krista Heikkenen,
Ilmudeen, A. Importance of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Curriculum in Government School of Sri Lanka: A Critical Review of Educational Challenges and Opportunities MIS Unit, Department
An Automatic Reversible Transformation from Composite to Visitor in Java Akram To cite this version: Akram. An Automatic Reversible Transformation from Composite to Visitor in Java. CIEL 2012, P. Collet,
ControVol: A Framework for Controlled Schema Evolution in NoSQL Application Development Stefanie Scherzinger, Thomas Cerqueus, Eduardo Cunha de Almeida To cite this version: Stefanie Scherzinger, Thomas
Breast characterstics and dosimetric data in Xray mammography - a large sample survey N. Geeraert, R. Klaus, S. Muller, Isabelle Bloch, H. Bosmans To cite this version: N. Geeraert, R. Klaus, S. Muller,
Comparison of Gaps in Mathematics in Engineering Curricula Lecturer Department of Interdisciplinary Studies Faculty of Engineering, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka ABSTRACT Students entering the engineering
Academic regulations for THE MASTER'S DEGREE IN HISTORY OF IDEAS THE FACULTY OF HUMANITIES THE UNIVERSITY OF AARHUS 2007 1 1. Framework conditions Title Prepared by Effective date Prescribed points Master's
Identifying Objective True/False from Subjective Yes/No Semantic based on OWA and CWA Duan Yucong, Christophe Cruz, Christophe Nicolle To cite this version: Duan Yucong, Christophe Cruz, Christophe Nicolle.
A model driven approach for bridging ILOG Rule Language and RIF Valerio Cosentino, Marcos Didonet del Fabro, Adil El Ghali To cite this version: Valerio Cosentino, Marcos Didonet del Fabro, Adil El Ghali.
Piloting of a Joint European Bachelor Curriculum in Information Technology: Evaluation of a Course Delivery Rositsa Doneva 1, Alexandru Grigorescu 2, Elena Somova 3 1 Plovdiv University, 2 Kristianstad
UNIVERSITÉ DE FRIBOURG SUISSE FACULTÉ DES SCIENCES UNIVERSITÄT FREIBURG SCHWEIZ MATHEMATISCH-NATURWISSENSCHAFTLICHE FAKULTÄT Curriculum for the award of the Degree of Master of Science in Geography Global
Using Feature Modelling and Automations to Select among Cloud Solutions Clément Quinton, Laurence Duchien, Patrick Heymans, Stéphane Mouton, Etienne Charlier To cite this version: Clément Quinton, Laurence
Proposal for the configuration of multi-domain network monitoring architecture Aymen Belghith, Bernard Cousin, Samer Lahoud, Siwar Ben Adj Said To cite this version: Aymen Belghith, Bernard Cousin, Samer
D E T H U M A N I S T I S K E F A K U L T E T K Ø B E N H A V N S U N I V E R S I T E T Curriculum for the basic subject at master s level in IT and Cognition, the 2013 curriculum Adjusted 2014 Department
BENCHMARK STATEMENTS for HIGHER DIPLOMA in BUSINESS FINANCE SRI LANKA QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK AND QUALITY ASSURANCE UNIT HIGHER EDUCATION FOR TWENTY FIRST CENTURY (HETC) PROJECT Ministry of Higher Education
Emphasizing Soft Skill Learning and Training as Part of an Engineering Curriculum Revision S. Pedrazzini Professor, Dean of CS Engineering Curriculum SUPSI, University of Applied Sciences of Southern Switzerland
Towards a Safer Sri Lanka A Road Map for Disaster Risk Management December 2005 Disaster Management Centre Ministry of Disaster Management Government of Sri Lanka Supported by U N D P United Nations Development
REGULATIONS AND CURRICULUM FOR THE MASTER S PROGRAMME IN INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE FACULTY OF HUMANITIES AALBORG UNIVERSITY SEPTEMBER 2015 Indhold PART 1... 4 PRELIMINARY REGULATIONS... 4 Section 1 Legal