1 ASEAN Renewable Energy Workshop (AREW 2013) Chiang Mai, Thailand, December 2013 Local Energy Planning for Sustainable Rural Energy Development Asst.Prof. Dr.Tanit Ruangrungchaikul Department of Rural Technology Faculty of Science and Technology Thammasat University
2 Presentation Outline Introduction Local Energy Planning Framework Local Energy Planning in Thailand Conclusion
3 Introduction Energy is required for living and for economic and social development. Energy is one of the essential requirements for people to enjoy some quality of life. Energy is needed in all major spheres of life and for the operation of the infrastructure needed by society. >>>> Rural Community
4 Introduction (cont.) Rural Community (Developing Countries) Problems: Poverty, Under-development and Poor economic situation Scarcity of Energy
5 Introduction (cont.) Rural Community (Developing Countries) Better Quality of Life Solved Poverty, Under-development and Poor economic situation Energy Income-Generating Activities
6 Introduction (cont.) Rural Community Energy - Basic Needs - Activities Rural Energy System is Complexity - Modern Energy - Traditional Energy Energy Planning To provide sufficient and good quality of energy for people in rural areas
7 Introduction (cont.) Energy Policy and Planning Office (EPPO) EPPO is a pivotal agency in the formulation and administration of energy policies and planning for the national sustainability.
8 Introduction (cont.) EPPO s Strategic Issues Strategy 1: Formulate energy policies and administer energy planning of the country; Strategy 2: Promote and develop alternative energy and clean energy; Strategy 3: Promote and develop energy conservation and efficient use of energy in all social segments; Strategy 4: Develop the national energy information and communication technology (ICT); and Strategy 5: Strengthening EPPO to become an organization of excellence in energy administration
9 Introduction (cont.) Local Energy Planning (LEP) or Community Energy Planning Local people create and manage energy development projects for their community by themselves. New approach of energy planning Introduced in many countries (Developed & Developing Countries) Relates to community s requirement Concerns social and environmental impact
10 Local Energy Planning Frameworks Energy Planning To provide sufficient and good quality of energy For efficiently use of energy Local Energy Planning Decentralized approached Integrated or in line with local development plan Based on socio-economic and environmental conditions Iterative and continuous process
11 Local Energy Planning Frameworks (cont.) No rigid sequence steps to be carried out for energy planning (Siteur, 1997) Components of Local Energy Planning Process Database development Energy demand analysis Energy supply analysis Energy supply-demand balancing Impact assessment Energy policy analysis
12 Local Energy Planning Frameworks (cont.) Local Energy Planning should involve (Rathore et al., 1994) Assessment of resources in the ecosystem. Elucidation of current rural energy consumption patterns. Translation of these patterns into a set of energy needs arranged according to priority. Consideration of the feasible technological options, including the traditional ones, of satisfying these energy needs with available resources. Selection of best options for satisfying each category of need. Integration of the selected options into a system. Mobilisation and training of local personnel to act as supervisors. Monitoring of the plan.
13 Local Energy Planning Frameworks (cont.) Beeck (2000) suggested guideline for developing new method of Local Energy Planning The method must support the entire decision process from problem identification to the ultimate selection of energy system. The participants must easily understand the method. The method must allow for the inclusion of context-related aspects (technical, financial, economical, environmental, and social aspects put forward by the participants). The models must allow for the inclusion of qualitative data. The method must be able to differentiate between technologies, moreover, be able to compare them. The method must be able to address fossil fuel energy systems as well as renewable energy systems. The method must be flexible enough to adapt to data availability and local circumstances.
14 People s Participation and Local Energy Planning Participatory Planning Active participation of people in planning processes is the crucial factor for the success of sustainable community development (Shah et al., 1991; NSSDs Tanzania, 2001; Kumar, 2002; UNDP, 2004) Involvement in participatory processes builds capacity among the public. It is most efficient to involve the end-users in initial design and planning (Slocum, 2003)
15 People s Participation and Local Energy Planning (cont.) Energy Development Plan <<< Participation Generate suitable energy plans and projects Reduce conflict amongst local people and government Local resources can be managed and efficiently used Improve local people s capacity to more actively participate in community development planning >>>>> Sustainable
16 Components of Local Energy Planning Development of Database Data Analysis LEP Workshop NGOs Local People Data Analysis Database Private Sector LEP Workshop Participatory Process Gov. Agency Local Energy Plan Energy Plan Implement Assessment Development of Database
17 Local Energy Planning in Thailand In harmony with Thailand s Policy (Since8 th -11 th Plan) (Decentralization, People-centered Development, HM King s Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy ) Consistent with Thailand s Energy Policy (Develop energy from domestic sources, reduce dependency of imported energy, promote extensive utilization of renewable energy (environmentally friendly energy sources) promote energy conservation, strengthen public participation in the policy making process) Abundant of local energy resources in rural areas
18 Local Energy Planning in Thailand (cont.) LEP Experience in Thailand 1997 Regional Wood Energy Development Program (RWEDP) >>>> Phrao Energy Plan, Chiang Mai Thai-Danish Cooperation on Sustainable Energy (ATA and OVE) >>>> Surin Energy Plan Thai-Danish Cooperation on Sustainable Energy ; Phase 2 >>>> LEP at Sub-district Level (Tambon Energy Plan in 5 areas in NE Thailand i.e. Surin, Roi Et, Khon Kaen, Ubon and Korat) 2003 ATA (funding by DEDE) >>>> Tambon Energy Plan (5 areas in Korat; 2 Municipalities and 3 TAOs)
19 Local Energy Planning in Thailand (cont.) LEP Experience in Thailand 2006 Policy and Strategy Coordination Office, MoEn >>>> Tambon Energy Plan 24 Communities (12 Municipalities and 12 TAOs) 2007 Policy and Strategy Coordination Office, MoEn >>>> Tambon Energy Plan 80 Communities 2008 Policy and Strategy Coordination Office, MoEn >>>> Tambon Energy Plan 162 Communities 2009 Policy and Strategy Coordination Office, MoEn >>>> Tambon Energy Plan 300 Communities
20 Local Energy Planning in Thailand (cont.) LEP Experience in Thailand Policy and Strategy Coordination Office, MoEn >>>> Tambon Energy Plan 2 x Provinces Communities totally 1095 Communities 2014 Policy and Strategy Coordination Office, MoEn >>>> Tambon Energy Plan 148 Communities 1. High Potential Energy Resources 36 communities 2. Community Enterprises (OTOP) 36 communities 3. Households Electricity Reduction 76 communities
24 Local Energy Planning in Thailand (cont.) Local Energy Planning Development 10 steps (Policy and Strategy Coordination Office) 1. Introducing LEP Scheme 2. Building common energy working team 3. Collecting data and information 4. Data processing and analyzing (energy situation) 5. Discussion the finding with the community 6. Field trip and study tour 7. Drafting of LEP with community 8. Public hearing on the draft of community energy plan 9. Implementing the plan 10. Monitoring and conclusion
25 Local Energy Planning in Thailand (cont.) Lessons learned from LEP Economic Reduce energy consumption >>> Reduce cost Create new jobs >>> Generate income
26 Local Energy Planning in Thailand (cont.) Lessons learned from LEP Social Gain more knowledge about energy Generate working teams/groups and teamwork Generate working network (inside and between the communities) Build people s capacity Support community development in other aspects
27 Local Energy Planning in Thailand (cont.) Lessons learned from LEP Environment Decrease the use of fossil energy Use local and environmental friendly energy sources (waste, agricultural residues, wood etc.)
28 Local Energy Planning in Thailand (cont.) The Community itself is the most important factor for the success of local energy planning and development. Awareness Understanding Readiness (Villagers, local government agencies, local leaders, groups)
29 Conclusion Local Energy Planning is useful and can be an option for sustainable rural energy development in Thailand. The community itself is the key factor for the success of LEP
30 Conclusion The Key for Success and Sustainability Readiness and cooperation of the community Strengthened leaders Integrated with local development plan Create job opportunity (generating income) Available of local energy resources and manageable by the community itself
31 Thanks for your kind Attention!
32 Recommendation Government should create policies to support the development and the extension of local energy planning. Government staff should be trained to be skilled facilitators for LEP workshops. Centres for Local Energy Planning might be established at local level. TAOs should take responsibility at local level for coordinating, supporting and working with other sectors in order to create local energy plans and energy-related activities.
33 Recommendation Energy database at local level should be developed. Local energy plan should become part of community development plan. Community Energy Committee should be formed to serve as the planning committee for preparing the local energy plan and projects and following up and monitoring the developed energy projects. Monitoring and evaluating program should be involved in the developed energy plan.
34 Local Energy Planning in Thailand (cont.) Local Energy Planning Development 10 steps (Policy and Strategy Coordination Office) 1. Building common understanding with community 2. Building common energy working team 3. Collecting information in the area 4. Analyzing energy development status 5. Giving feedback on energy information to the communities 6. Sustainable energy technology study tour 7. Brainstorming on a community energy plan draft 8. Public hearing on a community energy plan draft for the complete energy plan 9. Implementing the plan 10. Reviewing and concluding the work together with the community
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