Our conversation. 1. Facts of Brazil 2. Brazilian Forest Sector 3. National Forest Program. 5. Amazon & Deforestation 6.

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2 Our conversation 1. Facts of Brazil 2. Brazilian Forest Sector 3. National Forest Program 4. Forest Policy Tools 5. Amazon & Deforestation 6. Amazon Fund

3 1. Facts of Brazil

4 1. Facts of Brazil Equator Area: 850 million ha (5 o ) Tropic Population : 170 million (5 o ) GDP: US$ billion (10 o ) Annual Surplus: 4,25% (1 o ) Forest Area: ~ 500 million ha

5 1. Facts of Brazil Political Organization Belém - PA 5 Regions: N, S, NE, CW, SE Rio Branco - AC Brasília -DF 27 States: Including Federal District Municipalities: > 5500 (and growing) (all with Legislative, Executive and Justice) Political System: Presidential Federal Republic Piracicaba - SP

6 1. Facts of Brazil

7 1. Facts of Brazil

8 1. Facts of Brazil Socio and Cultural Diversity Indigenous people [ > 300 groups 600k people] Quilombolas [ex-slaves communities] Extractivists Ribeirinhos, Caiçaras, Caboclos and Sertanejos Imigrants [Orientals, Europeans, Arabians etc]

9 2. Brazilian Forest Sector

10 2. Brazilian Forest Sector PULP & PAPER Economy CHARCOAL AND SIDERUGY SOLID WOOD BOARDS OILS & RESINS 6 million jobs 3,5% of GDP 8,5% of exports Thousands of communities COSMETICS & PHARMACELTICALS FOOD

11 2. Brazilian Forest Sector 16 th Century Pau Brasil (Cesalpinea equinata) Only country with a name of tree 19 th Century Rubber (Hevia brasiliensis) 20 th Century Mohogany (Switenia macrofila) - Pau Rosa (Aniba roseodora) - Castanheira (Bertholetia excelsa)

12 2. Brazilian Forest Sector % of the Country % of Natural Ecossyste m Conserved Amazônia 48 85% Cerrado 21,6 45% Caatinga 12,4 30% Atlantic Rainforest 13 7% Pantanal 1,6 90% > 70% of population Southern Fields 1,8 10%

13 2. Brazilian Forest Sector Forest Plantations < 6 million ha 1% of Forest Cover 85% of production for industrial use Average growth rate 35 m3/ha/year

14 2. Brazilian Forest Sector Infraestructure, agriculture and urban areas Land Use 34% 48,5% 17,5% Forest lands Other Ecossystems and Inland Water

15 2. Brazilian Forest Sector Land Tenure in the Amazon Amazon Region Private Land 25% Other Public Land 40% Protected Areas 35% 75% Public Land

16 2. Brazilian Forest Sector AMAZÔNIA PUL & PAPER CHARCOAL SOLID WOOD PLYWOOD & FIBERBOARD 34% OTHER 48,5% FORESTS CERRADO CAATINGA OILS & RESINS COSMETICS & PHARMACY FOOD 17,5% OTHER ECOSSYSTEMS MATA ATLÂNTICA PANTANAL CAMPOS SULINOS FLORESTAS PLANTADAS Private Plantations Private Native Forests Public Forests Social Forest Landscape Restauration

17 2. Brazilian Forest Sector Industrial / Comercial 150 million m 3 Pulp Fiber Boards Solid Wood Charcoal Anual Consumption 300 million m 3 Dados ~~ FRA2005 ABRAF, 2005 Imazon, 2003 Non-industrial 150 million m 3 Firewood Solid Wood local use

18 2. Brazilian Forest Sector Industrial use Two realities - Plantations 150 million m 3 - Natural Forest Uso informal 150 million m 3

19 2. Brazilian Forest Sector Industrial use 150 million m 3 Plantations 110 million m 3 Natural Forest 40 million m 3 pulp & paper Particular & Fiber Board Charcoal & Energy Large in External Market Solid Wood Charcoal Energy Large in Internal market

20 2. Brazilian Forest Sector Plantations 90-95% exótic species Harvesting in deregulated: - Respect protected areas - Save the legal reerve In general is all legal

21 2. Brazilian Forest Sector Natural Forest Amazon (~90%) Two forms of legal source: Approved management Autorized clear cuts / plans convertions 411 autorizations 233,000 ha ,900 autorizations 0,7 million ha 28% of total deforestation area 5,8 million m 3 autorized 9,5 million m 3 autorized Total Autorized: 15,3 million m 3

22 2. Brazilian Forest Sector Level of Legality of the Industrial wood production Types of Forest Planted Forest Total Volume (milhões de m 3 ) Authorised Volume (milhões de m 3 ) Proportion of Legality % Natural 5,8 (forest manag) Forest ,5 (desforestation) ~40% Ilegal Industrial wood 15% 1. Fatos Florestais, Imazon (2003); PNF Considerou-se apenas Amazônia no caso de florestas naturais

23 3. National Forest Program

24 3. National Forest Programme National Programs National Forest Program (PNF) National Program for Protected Areas (PNAP) National Program for Biodiverstity (PROBIO) National Program to Combat Desertification (PNCD) Amazon Protected Areas Program (ARPA) National Water Resources Program (PNRH) Plan to Prevent and Control Deforestation in the Amazon (PPCDAM)

25 3. National Forest Programme MISSION Promote the sustainable development by conveing the use and conservation of forest resources and services Socialy Fair Economicaly Viable Environmentaly Adequate

26 3. National Forest Programme National Forest Development Goals Strategic Action 1: Expand of the Forest Plantations based on reforestation of degraded lands. From 320,000 to 500,000 ha/year 1/3 - small land owners Strategic Action 2: Expand the sustainable management of natural forest in harmony with the protection of high conservation value ecossystems. From 350,000 to 15 million ha 1/3 social forestry

27 4. Public Policy Instruments for Forest

28 4. Policy Instruments Sustainable + Forest Sector Market - Non Sustainable

29 4. Policy Instruments Sustainable + Market Enforcement Law & Regulations - Non Sustainable

30 4. Policy Instruments Sustainable + Forest Sector Market Enforcement Laws & Regulations - Non Sustainable

31 4. Policy Instruments Finance Tech. Assist. ((( Forest Sector Incentives Sustainable + Market Technology Enforcement Laws & Regulations - Non Sustainable

32 4. Policy Instruments Sustainable + Forest Sector Mercado Technology Enforcement Regulation - Non Sustainable

33 4. Policy Instruments Incentives Sustainable + Forest Sector Market Enforcement Laws & Regulations - Non Sustainable

34 4. Policy Instruments Forest Sector Incentives Sustainable + Market Enforcement Laws and Regulations - Non Sustainable

35 4. Policy Instruments FLORESTA PLANTADA FLORESTAS PÚBLICAS FLORESTAS NATIVAS PRIVADAS FLORESTAS SOCIAIS ÁREAS EM RECUPERAÇÃO ASSISTÊNCIA TÉCNICA TECNOLOGIA CRÉDITO INCENTIVOS REGULAMENTAÇÃO MONITORAMENTO E CONTROLE CONTROLE DÉFICIT ha / ano INVASÃO USO SUSTENT. INSIGNIFICANTE 96% PREDATÓRIO - PARTICIP. IRRISÓRIA NO MERCADO - USO NÃO SUSTENTÁVEL ÁREA ANUALMENTE RECUPERADA INSIGNIFICANTE

36 6. Results

37 6. Results Evolution of planted forest annualy Industrial plantations (ha/year) % Small producers (7,8%) (9,5%) (15,7%) (23%) (25%) Total Área Total Áera Grandes Área pequenos Target %

38 6. Results Evolution of SFM on Natural Forests SFM / Certified (ha) 0,3 Mi 1,1 Mi 1,4 Mi 1,4 Mi 3 Mi Growing rate 250% 27% 0% 100% 50% Community Target Mi 30%

39 6. Results Resultados Evolução da área taxa de desmatamento na Amazônia Área Desmatada no período (km2) Variação +7% +10% -32% -25% Reverse Trend

40 7. Forest Institucional Reform

41 Reforming the Forest Sector: the 6 steps 1. Making forestry a priority 2. Enroll stakeholders in forest policy development 3. Create the legal framework for the sustainable management of Public Forests 4. Give an adress to sustainable forest development in the government 5. Create a mechanism to fund the efforts 6. Decentralize the reponsability and actions

42 Step 1: Making forestry a priority Moving from environmental agenda to the development agenda One of the top priorities of the Presidencial

43 Step 2: Enroll stakeholders Bring stakeholders to fight in same table at the same time. Feb 2004 stablishment of the National Board of Forests (CONAFLOR) 39 members representing community, workers, governments, academy, NGOs

44 Step 3: Legal Framework for Public Forest Management More than 65% of forests in Brazil are in public lands and there is no regulation on how to manage it. New Forest Law developed in a long consultation process (2 years)

45

46 Step 4: An adress to forest development Create a institution to serve as the catalist to the promotion of sustainable forestry and to manage the public forest system. Creation of the Brazilian Forest Service included on new forest law

47 Step 5: Create a mechanism to fund the efforts Creation of a fund that invests in conservation and sustainable management of forests (training, capacity building, R&D etc.) National Forest Fund Amazon Fund

48 Step 6: Decentralization Share the the reponsability of forest regulation, licencing, monitoring and control with the state governments. New forest law give two year to shift forest regulations to the state governments (except of public federal lands)

49 2. Brazilian Forest Sector PULP & PAPER Economy CHARCOAL AND SIDERUGY SOLID WOOD BOARDS OILS & RESINS 6 million jobs 3,5% of GDP 8,5% of exports Thousands of communities COSMETICS & PHARMACELTICALS FOOD

50 2. Brazilian Forest Sector % of the Country % of Natural Ecossystem Conserved 48 85% Cerrado 21,6 45% Caatinga 12,4 30% Atlantic Rainforest 13 7% Pantanal 1,6 90% Southern Fields 1,8 10% Amazônia > 70% of population

51 2. Brazilian Forest Sector Infraestructure, agriculture and urban areas Land Use 34% 48,5% 17,5% Forest lands Other Ecossystems and Inland Water

52 2. Brazilian Forest Sector Amazon Land Tenure Region in the Amazon Private Land 25% Other Public Land 40% Protected Areas 35% 75% Public Land

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