# International Journal of Applied and Advanced Scientific Research (IJAASR) Impact Factor: 5.255, ISSN (Online): (

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2 we apply the seven symptoms of stress by using CETD model to find out the peak age of group of affected by stress. In final section we derived conclusions and gives suggestion based on our study. The Method of Application of CETD Matrix: We give a very simple but a very effective technique on the collected data. From that data we recognized the men medical representative s gets stress. Based on the words, symptoms of stress is given by the men medical representatives seven attributes (symptoms) are chosen and the entries are recorded in a form of matrix by taking ages along the columns and the symptoms along the rows. Average Time Dependent (ATD) Matrix: Raw data transform it into a raw time dependent data matrix by taking along the rows the age group and along the columns symptoms using the raw data matrix we make it into the Average Time Dependent men medical representatives Data (ATD) matrix (a ij ) by dividing each entry of the raw data matrix by the number of years i.e., the time period. This matrix represents a data, which is totally uniform. At the third stage we find the average and Standard Deviation (S.D) of every column in the ATD matrix. Refined Time Dependent (RTD) matrix Using the average μj of each j th column and σ j the S.D of the each j th column we chose a parameter α from the interval [,] and the Refined time dependent Matrix (RTD matrix), Using the formula a ij (μ j α* σ j ) then e ij = else if a ij (μ j α* σ j, μ j + α* σ j ) then e ij = else if a ij (μ j + α* σ j ) then e ij = We redefine the ATD matrix into the refined time dependent fuzzy matrix for here the entries are, or. Now the row sum of this matrix gives the maximum age group. Combined Effective Time Dependent Data (CETD) Matrix: We also combine the above RTD matrices by varying the αϵ[,], so that we get the Combined Effective Time Dependent Data (CETD) matrix. The row sum is obtained for CETD matrix and conclusions are derived based on the row sums. All these are represented by graphs and graphs play a vital role in exhibiting the data by the simplest means, which can be even understood by a layman.. Men Medical Representatives Stress: This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out during May to August 6. Sample Selection & Study Tool: Pharmaceutical companies were categorized into multinational, Indian and local propaganda companies. Twenty medical representatives from multinational, from Indian and 7 from local companies were included in the study. Thus for the feasibility of study total hundred medical representatives were interviewed. It was observed that medical representatives from various divisions of companies participate in the study. All the subjects were educationally well qualified. Investigator requested the Medical representatives to fill in the self-administered questionnaire at the time of vis-a-vis session. The questionnaire was pretested and then used. Completion of the questionnaire was voluntary. The time taken by the Medical representatives for filling in the questionnaire was around 5 minutes. The questionnaire consists of four parts. First part is all about the socio-demographic characteristics. Second part tried to assess the job induced stress with the help of Work-Stress questionnaire & the third part was to capture some of the factors responsible for the job induced stress among Medical representatives and lastly the fourth part tried to explore the some physical and emotional responses. The work-stress questionnaire consist of 5 statement with five alternative responses e.g. 5 for nearly all the time, 4 for often, 3 for sometime, for seldom, for never. Total score on this scale is considered for the assessment of work stress (minimum & maximum scores were 5 & 75 respectively). More the stress on this scale indicates more stress. Factors for job induced stress capture by the small set of close ended questions. The physical and emotional responses explored by the list of 3 sign & symptoms, the subject had to tick these symptoms according to their understanding. These sign & symptoms selected from the list of 5 common signs and symptoms of stress given by The American Institute of Stress 3. Description of the Problem: In this paper, we analyzed the stress problem faced by men medical representatives in Thanjavur and Kumbakonam districts. Stress leads to rapid changes throughout the body. We give an effective technique on the collected data. From our interviews we saw the men medical representatives who are affected by the stress problem which were mainly suffered from tension and mental problems. For that we have interviewed and recorded 7 men medical representatives in different ages in Thanjavur and Kumbakonam districts. From our interview we recognized about 9% of men medical representatives are affected by these symptoms. Most of the men medical representatives in Thanjavur and Kumbakonam districts can adopt the same problems. Thus our study can be adapted to this field in Thanjavur and Kumbakonam districts. The major part of studies is the health problems faced by the men medical representatives was affected by the stress problem. Under the following diseases who are mostly suffered by seven symptoms i.e., M -Don t sleep, M Muscle Pain, M 3 Frequent head ache,m 4 Restlessness,M 5 Hair Loss,M 6 Stomach Pain,M 7 Wake up tired due to heavy work which are taken as the column-wise of the initial raw data matrix. The age groups in years5, 6, 37, 38, 437,48-53 and are taken as the rows of the matrix. We analyze these problem using fuzzy matrix, we call the RTD Matrix as fuzzy matrix for that take their entries from the set {,, }. So the terms RTD matrix or fuzzy matrix mean one and the same matrix. The estimation of the maximum age group is five- 34

3 stage process. In the first stage we give the matrix representation of the raw data. Entries corresponding to the intersection of rows and columns are values corresponding to the live network. The 7 x 7 matrix is not uniform i.e. the number of individual years in each interval may not be the same. So in the second stage we in order to obtain an unbiased uniform effect on each and every data so collected, transform this initial matrix into an Average Time Dependent Data (ATD) matrix. To make the calculations easier and simpler we in the third stage using the simple average techniques convert the above average time dependent data matrix in to a matrix with entries e ij ϵ {,, }. We name this matrix as the Refined Time Dependent Data Matrix (RTD Matrix) or as the fuzzy matrix. The value of e ij corresponding to each entry is determined in a special way described. At the fourth stage using the fuzzy matrices we obtain the Combined Effect Time Dependent Data Matrix (CETD Matrix), which gives the cumulative effect of all these entries. In the final stage we obtain the row sums of the CETD matrix. The tables given are self-explanatory at each stage. The graph of the RTD matrix and CETD matrix are given. Estimation of Maximum of Men Medical Representatives Affected by Stress Using 7 X 7 Matrices: In this section we apply seven symptoms i.e., M -Don t sleep, M Muscle Pain, M 3 Frequent head ache,m 4 Restlessness,M 5 Hair Loss,M 6 Stomach Pain,M 7 Wake up tired due to heavy work of men medical representatives to the CETD model. Table : Initial raw data matrix of men medical representatives getting stress of order 7 x 7 Age M M M 3 M 4 M 5 M 6 M Table : ATD matrix of men medical representatives getting stress of order 7 x 7 Age M M M 3 M 4 M 5 M 6 M Table 3: Average and S.D of the above given ATD Matrix Average S.D We have taken the value α =.,.3,.5 and.7 to find the CETD matrix The RTD matrix for α=. Row Sum Matrix The RTD matrix for α=.3 Row Sum Matrix 35

4 The row sum of RTD matrix The row sum of RTD matrix The rowsumofrtdmaix International Journal of Applied and Advanced Scientific Research (IJAASR) The RTD matrix for α=.5 Row Sum Matrix The RTD matrix for α=.7 Row Sum Matrix Graph : Depicting maximum age group of men medical representatives affected by stress α= Graph : Depicting maximum age group of men medical representatives affected by stress α= Graph 3: Depicting maximum age group of men medical representatives affected by stress α=

5 The row sumof CETD matrix The row sum ofrtd matrix International Journal of Applied and Advanced Scientific Research (IJAASR) Graph 4: Depicting maximum age group of men medical representatives affected by stress α= Age GROUP CETD Matrix Row Sum Matrix Graph 5: Depicting maximum age group of men medical representatives affected by stress for CETD matrix Conclusion and Suggestions: Conclusion: The men medical representatives affected by stress begin at the age 34. The maximum age group of stress for men medical representatives 36 to 45 as they have don t sleep, Muscle Pain, Frequent head ache, Restlessness, Hair Loss, Stomach Pain, Wake up tired due to heavy work. But some of the symptoms start at the earlier stage in the age from 6 to 3 when they started their courier. It s happened only due to family situation, society pressure, target of the company and manager pressure. This study found that the men medical representatives were under pressure and they were facing work induced stress. At this present time many major changes are being imposed on the men medical representative s job and it is unclear if the profession is able to adequately deal with these changes. Any development in the nature of job profile and working hours need to be considered in the context of the well being of the men medical representatives who implement, and were affected by the changes. Further research is necessary to delve deeper in to the various reasons for work induced stress and the solutions which could be applied to meliorating work induced stress in men medical representatives. Suggestions: Take a Break: This is one of the simplest methods of anger management. Whenever you are angry about something or someone, you can ideally stay from that person or that thing for a brief period of time. This will help you to regain a composed mindset and think over the issue to find a possible solution. If you can t just walk out, just keep calm and count to ten. It may sound absurd, but it is effective when it comes to controlling outbursts of anger.. Sometimes you re tired brain is just craving a little time off from your busy day. Stop what you re doing, and find a quiet spot where you can put your feet up. Drink some tea (without caffeine), or take a 37

7 5. References:. A. Victor Devadoss, M. Clement Joe Anand, A Solution to Control Suicide in the Domestic using Combined Disjoint Block Fuzzy Cognitive Maps (CDBFCM), International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume, 3, Issue 6, June-.. A. Victor Devadoss, M. Clement Joe Anand, Dimensions of Personality of Women in Chennaiusing CETD Matrix, International Journal of Computer Application, 7, Volume 5, No. 5, July. 3. Victor Devadoss, M. Clement Joe Anand and A. Felix, A Study on the Impact of Violent Video- Games playing among Children in Chennai using Neutrosophic Cognitive Maps (NCMs),International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 3, Issue 8, August Victor Devadoss, M. Clement Joe Anand and A. Felix, A Study of Divorce using Combined Overlap Block Neutrosophic Cognitive Maps (COBNCMs), International Journal of Computer Information Systems, 3-54, Vol. 5, No.,. 5. Kosko, Fuzzy Cognitive Maps, International Journal of man-machine studies, January, (988), Kosko, Hidden patterns in combined and Adaptive Knowledge Networks, Proc. Of the First, IEE International Conference on Neural Networks (ICNN-86(988) 37793). 7. Kosko, Neural Networks and Fuzzy systems: A Dynamical System Approach to Machine Intelligence, Prentice Hall of India, George J.Klir/Bo Yuan, Fuzzy sets and Fuzzy Logic: Theory and Applications, Prentice Hall of India. 9. H. J. Zimmermann, Fuzzy Set Theory and its application, Fourth Edition Springer.. R. Axelrod, Structure of decision: The cognitive maps of political elites. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy and Smarandache Florentin, Analysis of social aspects of migrant labours living with HIV/AIDS using Fuzzy Theory and Neutrosophic Cognitive Maps, Xi-quan, Phoenix (4). W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy and A. Victor Devadoss, Some New Fuzzy Techniques, Jour. Of Inst. Of. Math. & Comp. Sci. (Math.Ser.), Vol. 7, No., (4), W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy and Florentin Smarandache and Ilanthenral, Special Fuzzy Matrices for Social Scientists, Printed in United States of America, W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy and Florentin Smarandache and K. Kandasamy, Fuzzy and Neutrosophic Analysis of Periyar s views on Untouchability, Printed in United States of America, Schmidt, B.. How to give agents a personality.in Proceeding of the third workshop on agentbased simulation, Passau, Germany. 6. Kosko, Bart (99). Neural Networks and Fuzzy Systems, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NewJersey. 7. Kosko, Bart (986), Fuzzy Cognitive Maps, International Journal of Man Machine Studies, 34, Leshan, L Action Theory and Cognitive psychology in Industrial Design: User Models and User Interfaces (Ph.D. Thesis). Braunschweig: Art University of Braunschweig. 9. Oren, T.I, Nasser Ghasem - Aghaee, Bardia Khalesi and Mohammad Kazemifard, Anger and Aggressive Behaviorin Agent Simulation.. McEwen B. Stressed or stressed out: what is the difference? J Psychiatry Neurosci.5; 3:358. Selye H. the general adaptation syndrome and the disease of adaptation. J Clin. Endo crinol. 946;6:7. The American Institute of stress. New York: The non-profit 5(c) 3 corporation: c979.effects of stress. Available at: on May 9, 39

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