CELLULAR RESPIRATION GAME

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "CELLULAR RESPIRATION GAME"

Transcription

1 CELLULAR RESPIRATION GAME You will need: copies of the pattern pages printed in color, a few on card stock if possible scissors tape two dice for every group of 2-4 players some small colored tokens to represent electrons protons -- M&M minis are perfect. (If you can t get these, substitute with small objects about 1/2 centimeter (1/4 inch) in several colors or shapes.) a unique token for each player to move about on the board (small enough to fit into the spaces on Glycolysis) (Flat-bottom jellied cies like spice drops DOTS work well, if you want to use edible tokens.) ASSEMBLY: 1) Copy the board pages (on card stock, if possible) then tape them together like this: is splitting glucose in half THIS CYCLE IS INVISIBLE WHEN YOU LOOK AT A REAL IS NOT REALLY A CIRCLE. THINGS ARE HAPPENING ALL OVER ALL THE TMIE! RIDE ON A RED ARROW CELL! THIS PROCESS END OF THE LINE This step turns pyruvates into acetyl-coa s. The next process, the Krebs Cycle, burns acetyl-coa s. REMEMBER, If you ve only done one pyruvate, go back to the pyruvate portal. If you ve done two, your token is now finished. (pyruvate oxidation) ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN INTERMEMBRANE SPACE OXYGEN is the final electron acceptor ( makes H2O) ROLL TO MOVE ALONG THE SIDEWALK. EACH TIME YOU STOP YOU ANSWER ANOTHER KREBS KWESTION.. ons 3 prot (also known as the Citric Acid Cycle or the Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle ) e 1 ATP mak THE GOAL IS TO FILL TRUCKS! They will provide the fuel for the last step. 2) Copy the page with the Karousel (octagon with red arrows) onto card stock, cut out Karousel shape (octagon). Then use an X-Acto knife (or scissors if necessary) to cut out the rectangles that say CUT OUT. Use a paper fastener to secure the Karousel onto the middle page, carefully matching the center dots. (See final set-up picture below.) 3) Cut out the PROTON box (bottom of Karousel page) assemble it as shown in the picture. Secure tabs with glue or tape. Lightly tape the PROTON box to the rectangle that says, Proton box goes here. (See final set-up picture.) 4) Copy the card pages onto card stock then cut apart the cards. Note that ideally the cards will be double-sided. If you can t manage to do double-sided copies, you can simply print the question sides then mark the cards so that you know which are for Glycolysis vs. Krebs. (Different colors?) However, most printers can manage to print the back side if you feed in printed pages. 5) Copy the score cards onto regular paper cut them apart. Each player needs a score card a pencil. 6) Copy the truck token page onto card stock cut apart the cards. You can cut strips first, then put several strips on top of each other, thus cut off several trucks at once. This speeds up the cutting process. NOTE that there are NADH trucks FADH2 trucks. ******************************* These boards are scientifically accurate can be used to teach this topic before you play.

2 SET UP: 1) Give each player an ATP score card a pencil. 2) Make sure each player has a unique token to move around on the board (small enough to fit into the spaces). 3) Make sure each group of 2-4 players has: a die (number cube) a set of Glycolysis Questions a set of Krebs Kwestions a supply of truck tokens (about a dozen NADH per player, 2 FADH2 per player) a supply of M&M minis (or whatever you are substituting) with at least several dozen of each color (Greens blues will represent protons, warm colors (red, yellow, orange, brown) will be electrons. *************************************************************************************************************************************** HOW TO PLAY: NOTE: This game is designed for 2-3 players. 4 can be accommodated, but if you divide those 4 into pairs of 2, the game will take less time to play there will be less waiting between turns. (And less crowded on the ETC section of the board.) However, if you need to have 4 on a board, you can probably make it work. SECOND NOTE: If you don t have a very long session in which to play the game, consider doing the game in two sessions, or even three. Three shorter sessions would be Glycolysis, Krebs, ETC. For two sessions, combine Glycolysis with the Krebs section. You can just make a note at the end of the first session where each player was whose turn it was, then pick up where you left off when you play again. ********** DIRECTIONS FOR PAGE: 1) Players will step on each space, both the circles the arrows. If there are only two players, they can start out sharing the first pace, but if you have more players or if the tokens are large, start out on the edge of the board, not on the first space. 2) Players must earn their hops by answering questions about glycolysis. A player draws a question card hs it another player who will read it out loud. As indicated on the card, if the player can answer the question without any clues being given, they can move 4 spaces. (No penalty for wrong guess. If the player gets it wrong, the clues can then be read, reducing the value of the card, but allowing the player to then guess the right answer.) If the player guesses correctly after the possible answers are given, he can move 3 spaces. If he misses, he can guess again, but the card will only be worth 2 spaces. If he misses again, he can guess again but then only move 1 space. (By the third guess, there will only be one clue left, so he is guaranteed to get it right.) NOTE: Many of the answers to these questions can be found by looking at the game board itself! Take a close look at the molecules word labels--they are scientifically accurate can be used for information! 3) Notice that at step 4, you can go two directions. This is because two different molecules are formed (due to the non-symmetric nature of the glucose molecule). If actually l on arrow 4, then proceed to the right on your next turn. If you don t l on arrow 4 (just pass by it) follow the down direction. 4) When you pass by, or l on, a space that has an ATP symbol, use the pencil to put an X over one of the ATPs on the score card. The first two ATPs are gray because you need to cross them off, but you don t get to count them in your final tally. This happens because you need to offset the two ATPs that you used initially, to get the process started. Notice that there is a dashed line across the middle of the page, separating the first half of the process (the energy consuming [investment] phase) from the second half (the energy producing [harvesting] stage). When you pass by, or l on, a truck (NADH) pick up a truck token. 5) Keep using the glycolysis question cards until you reach the stop sign. The pyruvate portal the purple arrow count as spaces to l on. (Notice that you ll be coming back to the purple arrow again after you finish one round of the ETC.) There aren t any token to represent the pyruvates because they wouldn t be actually used in the game. 6) At the stop sign, roll until you get an even number. If you roll an even number, then you roll again to proceed on that turn. If you roll odd, you have to wait until next turn to try again. (This simulates the necessity of oxygen to proceed.)

3 page, continued: 7) After you roll an even number, your next move is to hop on the numbers 1 to 4, picking up a truck token when you hop on number 2. Conclude this move by ling on the red arrow (on the Krebs Karousel) that is waiting for you right where it says, Ride on a red arrow. Once you l on this arrow, your turn is over. DIRECTIONS FOR THE KREBS KAROUSEL PAGE: (NOTE: Yes, we know carousel begins with a c. This game uses k as a gimmick to match the k in Krebs. ) 1) Only one token is allowed on each red arrow. 2) Once you l on the Karousel, your next moves are simply to advance the Karousel past one enzyme. The red arrows always stop between the enzymes, pointing to the trucks. They never stop on the enzymes. The enzymes do their jobs as the arrows swing past, so to speak. You will see the words ENZYME ACTION in the window as the enzyme does its job. When your token/arrow stops on a picture of a truck, you pick up the corresponding truck token. You will also cross off an ATP at one point. 3) Once on the Karousel, you ride around, even if someone else is pushing it. The players whose turn it is will push the Karousel, but everyone will get a free ride on that turn. No matter who pushed the Karousel, all players will collect whatever their arrow points to when the Karousel stops. 4) Once your token reaches the truck that is next to the words EXIT HERE, you jump off the Karousel st on the EXIT HERE space, wait there until your next turn. 5) On your next turn, you begin the Krebs Kwestions. The goal of going along the sidewalk is to earn coupons that will give you double rolls on the last part of the game. (The question cards also function as coupons.) If you happen to roll a lot of low numbers, you will get extra chances to earn more coupons. (One of the few times when low rolls are desirable!) NOTE: There aren t any hints for these questions. However, there is a lot of helpful information right on the Karousel! Look at the pictures in the Karousel windows, read the labels, you will be able to answer many of the questions. ************** DIRECTIONS FOR THE Electron Transport Chain (ETC) PAGE: NOTE: To get all 36 of your ATPs, you will have to go through the Krebs Karousel the ETC not once, but twice. If you are limited on time, you might want to reduce the number of ATPs from 36 to 18. The number 36 was chosen because that is the correct maximum number you can get from one glucose molecule (which breaks into two pyruvates, each of which must go through the Krebs Cycle then the ETC.) SECOND NOTE: Particularly in this third section, it is important to remind ourselves that the real goal of this game is to learn the science of cellular respiration. If you have minor frustrations such as someone blocking spaces too much, or you have a request for a minor rule change, don t let these minor issues steal the show. As teachers often say, Everyone wins if we all learn something! The point is to learn the science in a relatively painless way. As you move the cies along the board, you ll be creating an experiential memory that will stay with you longer than just reading about it in a book. BEFORE YOU START: Look at the ATP synthase machine at the end of the line (the egg beater thing) you will see that it takes 3 protons to make 1 ATP. The protons will fall down through the synthase machine, (going down the concentration gradient ), causing the bottom part to turn twist a P back onto an ADP. The role of the electrons is to cause protons to move from inside the matrix (i.e. from the box) to outside the matrix (up where the title is). The three blobby things are the proton pumps that pump the protons upward. Also look carefully at the red blue lines. The red lines show the movement of electrons the blue lines show movement of protons. Every time an electron cy goes over a blue line, a proton can move up.

4 NOTE: The demonstration video is very helpful for this part of the instructions. Go to: (or use the link provided on the Lesson 20 page if you are using this game as part of the A&P ecourse). 1) Each player will choose a color for their electrons. Assuming you are using M&M minis, the electrons will be the warm colors: red, orange, yellow brown. If you only have two players, two colors won t be used ( can be eaten as you go!) The blues greens should already be in the proton box. 2) At the beginning of each turn, the player will have to decide to move either electrons OR protons. (If you don t have any protons, you have to move electrons.) If the player decides to move electrons, he must pick up one of his truck cards place it on the appropriate rectangle (NADH or FADH2). Then, two electrons are placed on the circles that are labeled with a number 1. 3) Now a die (number cube) is rolled to determine how many spaces those electrons may move. Let s say a 6 is rolled. The player may move each electron cy 3 spaces, or one cy all 6 spaces, or one cy 2 the other 4, or any combination that adds up to 6. As an electron cy crosses a blue line, a proton cy may be removed from the proton box. (To avoid confusion, it might work best if each player keeps their protons in a separate pile.) Remembering to move protons every time you cross a red line can be a real challenge! Notice that the two cies can both be moved from a 1 to a 2 circle, then they can both go to a 3. However, after that, the shuttle bus can only hold 1 electron at a time. So one electron will go on, one has to wait. Imagine that the purple oval is a one-seater car. Only one person can ride at a time. Once the electron moves from 4 to 5, so that the 4 is open again, then another electron can l on the 4. The end of the line is number 6, where the tired electrons join a water molecule. When both oxygens have gained 2 electrons, (filling all 4 of the number 6 circles) the electrons can then be removed from the board be recycled. 3) When the electrons have been moved from the number 1 circles, the NADH truck is then empty is removed from the board. It can be recycled if you are going to head back to the Krebs Cycle again. As long as there is an electron sitting on a number 1 circle, the NADH truck stays in place. This can mess up the next player s move(s) therefore might possibly be used as strategy by the first player. 4) FADH2 trucks can be placed on the board even if an NADH truck is still there. FADH2 trucks come go independently of NADH. Same as NADH, you place two electrons onto the number 1 circles above the truck. Then you roll the die to see how far they will be able to go. Once the electrons have moved on, you can remove the truck. 5) Only one electron is allowed to sit on a numbered circle, you can t jump over the numbers to move ahead. However, you may push ahead other players electrons to make way for your own. In other words, if you want to move onto a 3 they are filled, you can move one of the electrons on to a 4, then take the 3 spot yourself. The other player, whose electron you just pushed ahead, needs to be alert to see whether their electron went over a blue line, if it did, they make take a proton. 6) If you have at least three protons, you can choose to move protons instead of electrons on your turn. Roll the die to find out the maximum number of ATPs you can make on that turn. You can make less, but not more. To move protons, you simply place 3 protons on the 3 circles that are on the ATP synthase machine. This simulates the protons going down through the machine. After placing the 3 protons in the circles, you may cross out one of the ATPs on your score card. The protons may then be put back into the box. If you happen to have saved up 18 protons you roll a 6, it is possible to make 6 ATPs on one turn! 7) DOUBLE ROLLS: This is where those Krebs coupons come in hy. If you need to double your roll, you may use one of your coupons to do so. After the card is used, return it to the bottom of the pile. 8) General review of how you can move electrons: Always go in order on the numbered circles. no more than one electron per circle. You can t jump over or skip any numbers, but you may push ahead other players electrons to make way for your own. The other players may collect any protons that are created by their electrons in the process. You can move any of your electrons as part of your move, not just one of them. Keep clearing the electrons off the water molecules at the end, every time all 4 of the number 6 s are filled. If any odd situations arise that are not covered here, decide on a rule that suits all of the players. As long as everyone is playing by the same rules, it s fair.

5 9) After you use up all of your NADH FADH2 trucks, you must go back fill them again. Assuming this was your first time through the ETC, you now go back to the purple arrow pick up your other pyruvate. (Oh yeah, remember that other pyruvate you left behind?!) You must do the Krebs Karousel again to harvest all the energy from the second pyruvate. Just think, though, that all this your mitochondria millions of times per second! WINNING: The first player to cross out 36 ATPs wins the game. If you are playing the shortened version, then 18 ATPs wins the game. BUT... we all win because we had a great learning experience! FOLLOW-UP YOU MIGHT WANT TO ASK THE STUDENTS: 1) What is the end result of glycolysis? (2 pyruvate molecules snd 2 ATPs) 2) What is the main goal of the Krebs Cycle? (filling NADH FADH2 trucks) 3) What provides energy for the ATP synthase machine to work? (moving protons) 4) How many proton pumps are in the ETC? (3) 5) How many steps are there in the Krebs Cycle? (8) 6) How many steps are there in glycolysis? (10) 7) What happens to the protons after they have gone down through ATP synthase? (They can be pumped up again.) 8) Does the Krebs Cycle proceed if there is no oxygen available for the ETC? (no) 9) Mitochondrial Diseases are genetic disorders where at least one part of this system does not work right. Can you name some things that might go wrong? (Just about any answer is acceptable. There are lots of things that could go wrong. Proton pumps might not work (or at least be ineffective), parts of the ATP synthase machine might be the wrong shape, enzymes might be missing, proton pumps might be too far apart, there might not be enough shuttles, NADH might not work right, etc.) 10) What is the maximum number of ATPs that can be harvested from one glucose molecule? (36) The tokens ride around on the Karousel, sitting on the red arrows. Put your finger slightly into a window to turn the Karousel. It should push along easily. The protons are everywhere inside the matrix, but to control chaos on our board, we ve put them into a box. This game is the intellectual property of Ellen J. McHenry. Purchasers are welcome to copy use it with their own classes. Reproduction outside of fair use is prohibited. (It may not be packaged or copied for resale, or used in any other publication without the permission of the author.)

6 Paying back initial investment. Paying back initial investment. Paying back initial investment. Paying back initial investment. MAKE 36 ATP s MAKE 36 ATP s Paying back initial investment. Paying back initial investment. Paying back initial investment. Paying back initial investment. MAKE 36 ATP s MAKE 36 ATP s PRINT COPIES ON REGULAR PAPER. EACH PLAYER WILL NEED ONE ATP SCORE CARD. (This page gives you four.)

7 QUIZ CARDS -- OPTIONAL TOP SIDE PATTERN (for printing double-sided copies)

8 How many carbon atoms are in a pyruvate molecule? a) 1 b) 2 *c) 3 How many ATP molecules does glycolysis consume (use)? a) none b) 1 *c) 2 How many phosphates does an ADP have? a) 1 *b) 2 c) 3 Which nitrogenous base is found in ATP? *a) adenine b) thymine c) cytosine d) guanine How many NADH molecules are recharged during glycolysis? a) 1 *b) 2 c) 4 Energy is released when ATP loses what? a) a ribose sugar b) all three of its phosphates *c) one phospate How many enzymes are involved in the process of glycolysis? *a) 10 b) 5 c) 2 How many pyruvate molecules does glycolysis produce? a) 1 *b) 2 c) 4 What does the Greek word lysis mean? *a) break b) join c) absorb QUIZ CARDS pg 1 PRINT ONE COPY PER GAME (card stock if possible)

9 What are enzymes made of? *a) amino acids b) nucleic acids c) fatty acids The ring in the glucose molecule is made of 5 carbons a a) hydrogen *b) oxygen c) phosphorus Name a process that MAKES glucose? (opposite of cellular respiration) a) the carbon cycle *b) photosynthesis c) dehydration synthesis What needs to be present before the pyruvate is allowed to cross into the matrix? *a) oxygen b) carbon dioxide c) ATPs Where does glycolysis occur? a) in the mitochondrial matrix b) in the intermembrane space *c) in the cytosol What by-product is produced in step 9 of glycolysis? a) oxygen *b) water c) carbon dioxide Which of these can NOT do glycolysis? *a) viruses b) bacteria c) plant cells No guessing without options on this one. Correct after the options are read = move 4 Correct on second try - move 2 What does phosphorylation mean? (foss-for-ill-a-shun) a) making ATP *b) adding a phosphate (PO 4 ) c) breaking off hydrogens In the Krebs Pre-Step, what gets chopped off pyruvate? a) an oxygen *b) a carbon dioxide c) two hydrogens QUIZ CARDS pg 2 PRINT ONE COPY PER GAME (card stock if possible)

10 is splitting glucose in half T RE S PRE STEP (pyruvate oxidation) This step turns pyruvates into acetyl-coa s. The next process, the Krebs Cycle, burns acetyl-coa s.

11 REMEMBER, THIS CYCLE IS INVISIBLE WHEN YOU LOOK AT A REAL IS NOT REALLY A CIRCLE. THINGS ARE HAPPENING ALL OVER ALL THE TMIE! RIDE ON A RED ARROW CELL! THIS PROCESS ROLL TO MOVE ALONG THE SIDEWALK. EACH TIME YOU STOP YOU ANSWER ANOTHER KREBS KWESTION.. RE S CYCLE (also known as the Citric Acid Cycle or the Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle ) THE GOAL IS TO FILL TRUCKS! They will provide the fuel for the last step.

12 AROUSEL K THE KREBS RIDE HERE RIDE HERE CUT OUT RIDE HERE CUT OUT CUT OUT RIDE HERE CUT OUT RIDE HERE CUT OUT CUT OUT CUT OUT RIDE HERE RIDE HERE CUT OUT RIDE HERE protons (H + ) floating around in matrix COPY ONTO CARD STOCK

13 KREBS KWESTION Get this question right keep this card as a KREBS KWESTION Get this question right keep this card as a KREBS KWESTION Get this question right keep this card as a KREBS KWESTION Get this question right keep this card as a KREBS KWESTION Get this question right keep this card as a KREBS KWESTION Get this question right keep this card as a KREBS KWESTION Get this question right keep this card as a KREBS KWESTION Get this question right keep this card as a KREBS KWESTION Get this question right keep this card as a KREBS KWESTIONS -- OPTIONAL TOP SIDE PATTERN (for printing double-sided copies)

14 How many carbon atoms are in a molecule of oxaloacetate? (ox-al-o-as-i-tate) Answer: 4 Name a type of food that you think might contain citric acid. Answer: citrus fruits To dehydrogenate something means to take off hydrogen atoms. How many Krebs Cycle enzymes take off hydrogens? Hint: Read the names. Answer: 4 What does enzyme 2 change? a) the number of carbons b) the position of an oxygen c) the number of double bonds d) nothing, because iso means same Answer: b When you put a proton an electron together, what do you get? Answer: a hydrogen atom Which produces more ATPs: the Krebs Cycle or glycolysis? Answer: glycolysis (which nets you 2 ATPs, compared to only 1 in the Krebs Cycle)) Every time a molecule of CO 2 is produced in the Krebs Cycle, what else is made? Answer: NADH If ATP contains adenine, what do you think the G sts for in GTP? Hint, if needed: It is a similiar molecule to adenine but it starts with the letter G. Answer: Guanine Are the carbon atoms that come into the cycle as acetyl-co the ones that get chopped off turned into carbon dioxide by enzymes 3 4? Answer: No. KREBS KWESTIONS QUIZ CARDS pg 1 PRINT ONE COPY PER GAME (card stock if possible)

15 TRUE or FALSE? Steps 1-5 in glycolysis consume energy, not produce it. (T) TRUE or FALSE? Glycolysis is an oxygendependent reaction. (F) What does the root word synth mean? ANSWER: to make TRUE or FALSE? Water is a by-product of one of the steps in glycolysis. (T) TRUE or FALSE? NADH molecules (the taxi trucks) carry 2 electrons 2 protons. (F) Where does the Krebs Cycle take place? ANSWER: In the mitochondrial matrix (just matrix is okay) Remember: KRebs-- K for Keanu, R for Reeves, he s in The Matrix. Which of these can NOT do glycolysis? a) viruses b) bacteria c) plant cells ANSWER: a TRUE or FALSE? Enzymes are not changed by the reactions they participate in, so they can be recycled many times. (T) Where (in a cell) does glycolysis occur? ANSWER: in the cytosol (or cytoplasm) KREBS KWESTIONS QUIZ CARDS pg 2 PRINT ONE COPY PER GAME (card stock if possible)

16 If you ve only done one pyruvate, go back to the pyruvate portal. If you ve done two, your token is now finished. END OF THE LINE ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN is the final electron acceptor ( makes H2O) OXYGEN INTERMEMBRANE SPACE 3 pro tons mak e1a TP

17 PRINT ONE COPY PER GAME (card stock if possible) This gives you enough trucks for 4 players.

Chapter 7 Active Reading Guide Cellular Respiration and Fermentation

Chapter 7 Active Reading Guide Cellular Respiration and Fermentation Name: AP Biology Mr. Croft Chapter 7 Active Reading Guide Cellular Respiration and Fermentation Overview: Before getting involved with the details of cellular respiration and photosynthesis, take a second

More information

The correct answer is d C. Answer c is incorrect. Reliance on the energy produced by others is a characteristic of heterotrophs.

The correct answer is d C. Answer c is incorrect. Reliance on the energy produced by others is a characteristic of heterotrophs. 1. An autotroph is an organism that a. extracts energy from organic sources b. converts energy from sunlight into chemical energy c. relies on the energy produced by other organisms as an energy source

More information

Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration

Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration Phases of aerobic cellular respiration 1. Glycolysis 2. Transition or Acetyl-CoA reaction 3. Krebs cycle 4. Electron transport system Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration These phases are nothing more than metabolic

More information

ATP accounting so far ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN & CHEMIOSMOSIS. The Essence of ETC: The Electron Transport Chain O 2

ATP accounting so far ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN & CHEMIOSMOSIS. The Essence of ETC: The Electron Transport Chain O 2 accounting so far The final stage of cellular respiration: ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN & CHEMIOSMOSIS Glycolysis 2 Kreb s cycle 2 Life takes a lot of energy to run, need to extract more energy than 4! There

More information

AP BIOLOGY CHAPTER 7 Cellular Respiration Outline

AP BIOLOGY CHAPTER 7 Cellular Respiration Outline AP BIOLOGY CHAPTER 7 Cellular Respiration Outline I. How cells get energy. A. Cellular Respiration 1. Cellular respiration includes the various metabolic pathways that break down carbohydrates and other

More information

Chloroplasts and Mitochondria

Chloroplasts and Mitochondria Name: KEY Period: Chloroplasts and Mitochondria Plant cells and some Algae contain an organelle called the chloroplast. The chloroplast allows plants to harvest energy from sunlight to carry on a process

More information

SOME Important Points About Cellular Energetics by Dr. Ty C.M. Hoffman

SOME Important Points About Cellular Energetics by Dr. Ty C.M. Hoffman SOME Important Points About Cellular Energetics by Dr. Ty C.M. Hoffman An Introduction to Metabolism Most biochemical processes occur as biochemical pathways, each individual reaction of which is catalyzed

More information

Cellular Respiration

Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration Text, Diagrams, Assessments, and Link to Standards Focus Questions 1) What is cellular respiration? 2) How is cellular respiration connected to breathing? 3) If

More information

Biology I. Chapter 8/9

Biology I. Chapter 8/9 Biology I Chapter 8/9 NOTEBOOK #1 Interest Grabber Suppose you earned extra money by having a part-time job. At first, you might be tempted to spend all of the money, but then you decide to open a bank

More information

1. f. Students know usable energy is captured from sunlight by chloroplasts and is stored through the synthesis of sugar from carbon dioxide.

1. f. Students know usable energy is captured from sunlight by chloroplasts and is stored through the synthesis of sugar from carbon dioxide. 1. The fundamental life processes of plants and animals depend on a variety of chemical reactions that occur in specialized areas of the organism s cells. As a basis for understanding this concept: 1.

More information

* Is chemical energy potential or kinetic energy? The position of what is storing energy?

* Is chemical energy potential or kinetic energy? The position of what is storing energy? Biology 1406 Exam 2 - Metabolism Chs. 5, 6 and 7 energy - capacity to do work 5.10 kinetic energy - energy of motion : light, electrical, thermal, mechanical potential energy - energy of position or stored

More information

Metabolism Poster Questions

Metabolism Poster Questions Metabolism Poster Questions Answer the following questions concerning respiration. 1. Consider the mitochondrial electron transport chain. a. How many hydrogen ions can be pumped for every NADH? b. How

More information

Name Date Period PHOTOSYNTHESIS HW REVIEW ENERGY AND LIFE

Name Date Period PHOTOSYNTHESIS HW REVIEW ENERGY AND LIFE 1 Name Date Period PHOTOSYNTHESIS HW REVIEW ENERGY AND LIFE MULTIPLE CHOICE: CIRCLE ALL THE ANSWERS THAT ARE TRUE. THERE MAY BE MORE THAN ONE CORRECT ANSWER! 1. Which molecule stores more than 90 times

More information

2. 1. What are the three parts of an ATP molecule? (100 points)

2. 1. What are the three parts of an ATP molecule? (100 points) Photosynthesis Date Created: 12/8/14, 11:22:50 AM Questions: 34 Date Modified: 12/17/14, 8:27:08 AM 1. ATP & Photosynthesis Review Game 30 Multiple Choice Questions Final Question Correct Answers = +$100

More information

Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen Nitrogen

Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen Nitrogen Concept 1 - Thinking Practice 1. If the following molecules were to undergo a dehydration synthesis reaction, what molecules would result? Circle the parts of each amino acid that will interact and draw

More information

ATP & Photosynthesis Honors Biology

ATP & Photosynthesis Honors Biology ATP & Photosynthesis Honors Biology ATP All cells need for life. Some things we use energy for are: Moving Thinking Sleeping Breathing Growing Reproducing ENERGY Labeled Sketch: The principal chemical

More information

Photosynthesis Practice. 2. Chlorophyll a and b absorb _B -_V and _R wavelengths of light best.

Photosynthesis Practice. 2. Chlorophyll a and b absorb _B -_V and _R wavelengths of light best. Photosynthesis Practice Fill in the blanks. Name Date Period 1. Molecules that collect light energy are called _P. 2. Chlorophyll a and b absorb _B -_V and _R wavelengths of light best. 3. _C is the main

More information

Bio 101 Section 001: Practice Questions for First Exam

Bio 101 Section 001: Practice Questions for First Exam Do the Practice Exam under exam conditions. Time yourself! MULTIPLE CHOICE: 1. The substrate fits in the of an enzyme: (A) allosteric site (B) active site (C) reaction groove (D) Golgi body (E) inhibitor

More information

Photosynthesis (CO 2 + H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + O 2 )

Photosynthesis (CO 2 + H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + O 2 ) The vital role of A This is the energy-rich compound that is the source of energy for all living things. It is a nucleotide, comprising a 5C sugar (ribose); an organic base (adenosine); and 3 phosphate

More information

PRESTWICK ACADEMY NATIONAL 5 BIOLOGY CELL BIOLOGY SUMMARY

PRESTWICK ACADEMY NATIONAL 5 BIOLOGY CELL BIOLOGY SUMMARY Name PRESTWICK ACADEMY NATIONAL 5 BIOLOGY CELL BIOLOGY SUMMARY Cell Structure Identify animal, plant, fungal and bacterial cell ultrastructure and know the structures functions. Plant cell Animal cell

More information

Evolution of Metabolism. Introduction. Introduction. Introduction. How Cells Harvest Energy. Chapter 7 & 8

Evolution of Metabolism. Introduction. Introduction. Introduction. How Cells Harvest Energy. Chapter 7 & 8 How ells Harvest Energy hapter 7 & 8 Evolution of Metabolism A hypothetical timeline for the evolution of metabolism - all in prokaryotic cells!: 1. ability to store chemical energy in ATP 2. evolution

More information

Electron Transport Generates a Proton Gradient Across the Membrane

Electron Transport Generates a Proton Gradient Across the Membrane Electron Transport Generates a Proton Gradient Across the Membrane Each of respiratory enzyme complexes couples the energy released by electron transfer across it to an uptake of protons from water in

More information

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Stored Energy

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Stored Energy Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Stored Energy What is Photosynthesis? plants convert the energy of sunlight into the energy in the chemical bonds of carbohydrates sugars and starches. SUMMARY EQUATION:

More information

3. In what part of the chloroplast do the light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis take place? Chloroplast. Name Class Date

3. In what part of the chloroplast do the light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis take place? Chloroplast. Name Class Date The Chloroplast In plants, photosynthesis takes place in chloroplasts. Inside chloroplasts are saclike membranes called thylakoids. These thylakoids are arranged in stacks. A stack of thylakoids is called

More information

Review Questions Photosynthesis

Review Questions Photosynthesis Review Questions Photosynthesis 1. Describe a metabolic pathway. In a factory, labor is divided into small individual jobs. A carmaker, for example, will have one worker install the front windshield, another

More information

Is ATP worth the investment?

Is ATP worth the investment? Is ATP worth the investment? ATP (adenosine tri-phosphate) can be thought of as the currency of the cell. Most cellular metabolic processes cost a certain amount of ATP in order to happen. Furthermore,

More information

Bioenergetics Module A Anchor 3

Bioenergetics Module A Anchor 3 Bioenergetics Module A Anchor 3 Key Concepts: - ATP can easily release and store energy by breaking and re-forming the bonds between its phosphate groups. This characteristic of ATP makes it exceptionally

More information

Name Date Period. 2. When a molecule of double-stranded DNA undergoes replication, it results in

Name Date Period. 2. When a molecule of double-stranded DNA undergoes replication, it results in DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis Keystone 1. During the process shown above, the two strands of one DNA molecule are unwound. Then, DNA polymerases add complementary nucleotides to each strand which results

More information

Photosynthesis 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2. An anabolic, endergonic, carbon dioxide (CO 2

Photosynthesis 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2. An anabolic, endergonic, carbon dioxide (CO 2 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis An anabolic, endergonic, carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) requiring process that uses light energy (photons) and water (H 2 O) to produce organic macromolecules (glucose). photons SUN

More information

PLANT TECHNICIAN SKILLS AND ABILITIES PRACTICE TEST

PLANT TECHNICIAN SKILLS AND ABILITIES PRACTICE TEST PLANT TECHNICIAN SKILLS AND ABILITIES PRACTICE TEST OVERVIEW Welcome to the Plant Technician Skills and Abilities Practice Test. The purpose of this Practice Test is to help you get used to the questions

More information

8.3 The Process of Photosynthesis

8.3 The Process of Photosynthesis 8.3 The Process of Photosynthesis Lesson Objectives Describe what happens during the light-dependent reactions. Describe what happens during the light-independent reactions. Identify factors that affect

More information

HUMAN PROTEINS FROM GENETIC ENGINEERING OF ORGANISMS

HUMAN PROTEINS FROM GENETIC ENGINEERING OF ORGANISMS HUMAN PROTEINS FROM GM BACTERIA Injecting insulin is an everyday event for many people with diabetes. GENETIC ENGINEERING OF ORGANISMS involves transferring genes from one species into another. Genetic

More information

Name Class Date. Figure 8-1

Name Class Date. Figure 8-1 Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Chapter Test A Multiple Choice Write the letter that best answers the question or completes the statement on the line provided. 1. Which of the following is an autotroph? a. mushroom

More information

Cell. (1) This is the most basic unit of life inside of our bodies.

Cell. (1) This is the most basic unit of life inside of our bodies. Cytology Overview Cell (1) This is the most basic unit of life inside of our bodies. ATP (2) Each of our cell s requires energy in order to carry out its day to day func>ons. This is the energy all cells

More information

Getting Started in Tinkercad

Getting Started in Tinkercad Getting Started in Tinkercad By Bonnie Roskes, 3DVinci Tinkercad is a fun, easy to use, web-based 3D design application. You don t need any design experience - Tinkercad can be used by anyone. In fact,

More information

A B C D. Name Class Date

A B C D. Name Class Date Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Chapter Test A Multiple Choice Write the letter that best answers the question or completes the statement on the line provided. 1. Which of the following is an autotroph? a. mushroom

More information

Biology. Slide 1of 51. End Show. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall

Biology. Slide 1of 51. End Show. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Biology 1of 51 8-3 The Reactions of Photosynthesis 2of 51 Inside a Chloroplast Inside a Chloroplast In plants, photosynthesis takes place inside chloroplasts. Plant Chloroplast Plant cells 3of 51 Inside

More information

Equation for Photosynthesis

Equation for Photosynthesis Photosynthesis Definition The process by which cells harvest light energy to make sugars (glucose). -Sugar is used to power the process of cellular respiration, which produces the ATP that cells utilize

More information

1. When you come to a station, attempt to answer each question for that station.

1. When you come to a station, attempt to answer each question for that station. Name: Block: Steps for completing this study guide 1. When you come to a station, attempt to answer each question for that station. 2. Once you are done answering the questions, or if you can t answer

More information

pathway that involves taking in heat from the environment at each step. C.

pathway that involves taking in heat from the environment at each step. C. Study Island Cell Energy Keystone Review 1. Cells obtain energy by either capturing light energy through photosynthesis or by breaking down carbohydrates through cellular respiration. In both photosynthesis

More information

> C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2

> C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 Photosynthesis- is the process that converts light energy into chemical energy. This chemical energy is usually a carbohydrate. Only photoautrotrops can do photosynthesis. Heterotrophs must obtain their

More information

Chapter 10: Photosynthesis

Chapter 10: Photosynthesis Name Period Chapter 10: Photosynthesis This chapter is as challenging as the one you just finished on cellular respiration. However, conceptually it will be a little easier because the concepts learned

More information

Q: How are proteins (amino acid chains) made from the information in mrna? A: Translation Ribosomes translate mrna into protein

Q: How are proteins (amino acid chains) made from the information in mrna? A: Translation Ribosomes translate mrna into protein ranslation (written lesson) Q: How are proteins (amino acid chains) made from the information in mrn? : ranslation Ribosomes translate mrn into protein ranslation has 3 steps also! 1. ranslation Initiation:

More information

Jan Baptisa van Helmont (1648)

Jan Baptisa van Helmont (1648) Instructions To help you navigate these slides, you should set your viewer to display thumbnails of these slides. On many viewers, this can be done by pressing the F4 key. The slides should be viewed in

More information

4. Which carbohydrate would you find as part of a molecule of RNA? a. Galactose b. Deoxyribose c. Ribose d. Glucose

4. Which carbohydrate would you find as part of a molecule of RNA? a. Galactose b. Deoxyribose c. Ribose d. Glucose 1. How is a polymer formed from multiple monomers? a. From the growth of the chain of carbon atoms b. By the removal of an OH group and a hydrogen atom c. By the addition of an OH group and a hydrogen

More information

Lab 5: DNA Fingerprinting

Lab 5: DNA Fingerprinting Lab 5: DNA Fingerprinting You are about to perform a procedure known as DNA fingerprinting. The data obtained may allow you to determine if the samples of DNA that you will be provided with are from the

More information

FUN GAMES. Split the group into two - Domes and Dishes.

FUN GAMES. Split the group into two - Domes and Dishes. FUN GAMES GAMES WITH LITTLE OR NO EQUIPMENT These types of games can be ideal for a warm up. The warm up is an essential part of a safe activity session. It helps to prevent injury and acts as a pulse

More information

Unit I: Introduction To Scientific Processes

Unit I: Introduction To Scientific Processes Unit I: Introduction To Scientific Processes This unit is an introduction to the scientific process. This unit consists of a laboratory exercise where students go through the QPOE2 process step by step

More information

Fun ways to group students

Fun ways to group students Fun ways to group students Tips for dividing into groups. Picture Cards: Hand out cards with images on such as strawberries, blueberries, blackberries and other such groups of things. Then get them to

More information

Student name ID # 2. (4 pts) What is the terminal electron acceptor in respiration? In photosynthesis? O2, NADP+

Student name ID # 2. (4 pts) What is the terminal electron acceptor in respiration? In photosynthesis? O2, NADP+ 1. Membrane transport. A. (4 pts) What ion couples primary and secondary active transport in animal cells? What ion serves the same function in plant cells? Na+, H+ 2. (4 pts) What is the terminal electron

More information

3 + 7 1 2. 6 2 + 1. 7 0. 1 200 and 30 100 100 10 10 10. Maths in School. Addition in School. by Kate Robinson

3 + 7 1 2. 6 2 + 1. 7 0. 1 200 and 30 100 100 10 10 10. Maths in School. Addition in School. by Kate Robinson 1 2. 6 2 + 1. 7 0 10 3 + 7 1 4. 3 2 1 231 200 and 30 100 100 10 10 10 Maths in School Addition in School by Kate Robinson 2 Addition in School Contents Introduction p.3 Adding in everyday life p.3 Coat

More information

Ch. 4 ATP & Photosynthesis

Ch. 4 ATP & Photosynthesis Name: Biology G Vocabulary Section 4.1 Ch. 4 ATP & Photosynthesis Period: ADP Adenosine Diphosphate ATP Adenosine Triphosphate Chemosynthesis Vocabulary Section 4.2 Photosynthesis Chlorophyll Thylakoid

More information

Green pigment that absorbs solar energy and is important in photosynthesis

Green pigment that absorbs solar energy and is important in photosynthesis PHOTOSYNTHESIS REVIEW SHEET FOR TEST Part A: Match the terms below with the correct description Chlorophyll Chloroplast Electromagnetic spectrum Electron transport chain Grana Light-dependant reactions

More information

4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP. KEY CONCEPT All cells need chemical energy.

4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP. KEY CONCEPT All cells need chemical energy. 4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP KEY CONCEPT All cells need chemical energy. 4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP Molecules in food store chemical energy in their bonds. Starch molecule Glucose molecule The chemical

More information

Lecture Overview. Hydrogen Bonds. Special Properties of Water Molecules. Universal Solvent. ph Scale Illustrated. special properties of water

Lecture Overview. Hydrogen Bonds. Special Properties of Water Molecules. Universal Solvent. ph Scale Illustrated. special properties of water Lecture Overview special properties of water > water as a solvent > ph molecules of the cell > properties of carbon > carbohydrates > lipids > proteins > nucleic acids Hydrogen Bonds polarity of water

More information

PLANT AND ANIMAL CELL ORGANELLES

PLANT AND ANIMAL CELL ORGANELLES reflect The heart is an example of an organ. Think for a minute about your body. It s organized into parts that perform specific functions. For example, your heart functions to help transport materials

More information

1- Fatty acids are activated to acyl-coas and the acyl group is further transferred to carnitine because:

1- Fatty acids are activated to acyl-coas and the acyl group is further transferred to carnitine because: Section 10 Multiple Choice 1- Fatty acids are activated to acyl-coas and the acyl group is further transferred to carnitine because: A) acyl-carnitines readily cross the mitochondrial inner membrane, but

More information

2. PHOTOSYNTHESIS. The general equation describing photosynthesis is light + 6 H 2 O + 6 CO 2 C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6 O 2

2. PHOTOSYNTHESIS. The general equation describing photosynthesis is light + 6 H 2 O + 6 CO 2 C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6 O 2 2. PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis is the process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy whereby carbon dioxide and water are converted into organic molecules. The process occurs in most algae,

More information

Tasks to Move Students On

Tasks to Move Students On Maths for Learning Inclusion Tasks to Move Students On Part 1 Maths for Learning Inclusion (M4LI) Tasks to Move Students On Numbers 1 10 Structuring Number Maths for Learning Inclusion (M4LI) Tasks to

More information

DNA, RNA, Protein synthesis, and Mutations. Chapters 12-13.3

DNA, RNA, Protein synthesis, and Mutations. Chapters 12-13.3 DNA, RNA, Protein synthesis, and Mutations Chapters 12-13.3 1A)Identify the components of DNA and explain its role in heredity. DNA s Role in heredity: Contains the genetic information of a cell that can

More information

Math Board Games. For School or Home Education. by Teresa Evans. Copyright 2005 Teresa Evans. All rights reserved.

Math Board Games. For School or Home Education. by Teresa Evans. Copyright 2005 Teresa Evans. All rights reserved. Math Board Games For School or Home Education by Teresa Evans Copyright 2005 Teresa Evans. All rights reserved. Permission is given for the making of copies for use in the home or classroom of the purchaser

More information

Photosynthesis. Name. Light reactions Calvin cycle Oxidation Reduction Electronegativity Photosystem Electron carrier NADP+ Concentration gradient

Photosynthesis. Name. Light reactions Calvin cycle Oxidation Reduction Electronegativity Photosystem Electron carrier NADP+ Concentration gradient Vocabulary Terms Photoautotroph Chemoautotroph Electromagnetic spectrum Wavelength Chloroplast Thylakoid Stroma Chlorophyll Absorption spectrum Photosynthesis Light reactions Calvin cycle Oxidation Reduction

More information

PRACTICE TEST QUESTIONS

PRACTICE TEST QUESTIONS PART A: MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS PRACTICE TEST QUESTIONS DNA & PROTEIN SYNTHESIS B 1. One of the functions of DNA is to A. secrete vacuoles. B. make copies of itself. C. join amino acids to each other.

More information

Facilitating Adult Learning

Facilitating Adult Learning Facilitating Adult Learning How to Teach so People Learn Prepared by: Dr. Lela Vandenberg Senior Leadership & Professional Development Specialist 11 Agriculture Hall East Lansing, MI 48824-1039 (517) 353-1898

More information

1. The diagram below represents a biological process

1. The diagram below represents a biological process 1. The diagram below represents a biological process 5. The chart below indicates the elements contained in four different molecules and the number of atoms of each element in those molecules. Which set

More information

Would You Like To Earn $1000 s With The Click Of A Button?

Would You Like To Earn $1000 s With The Click Of A Button? Would You Like To Earn $1000 s With The Click Of A Button? (Follow these easy step by step instructions and you will) This Version of the ebook is for all countries other than the USA. If you need the

More information

VII. NARRATION FOR PHOTOSYNTHESIS: TRANSFORMING LIGHT TO LIFE

VII. NARRATION FOR PHOTOSYNTHESIS: TRANSFORMING LIGHT TO LIFE 7. Why do leaves turn color in the fall? 8. How are photosystems I and II different? How are they related? 9. What is the source of energy for dark reactions? 10. Describe the C3 cycle. 11. What is the

More information

B2 1 Cells, Tissues and Organs

B2 1 Cells, Tissues and Organs B2 Cells, Tissues and Organs 5 minutes 5 marks Page of 7 Q. The diagram shows a bacterium. On the drawing, name the structures labelled A, B, C and D. (Total 4 marks) Q2. (a) The diagrams show cells containing

More information

PE in Primary Schools Resource Summer Games

PE in Primary Schools Resource Summer Games PE in Primary Schools Resource Summer Games 1 2 PE in Primary Schools Resource Summer Games Ollie Dowding Kerri Brown Tom Eisenhuth Athletics Cricket Golf Page 5-10 Page 16-21 Page 22-27 3 Example Key

More information

Photosynthesis Reactions. Photosynthesis Reactions

Photosynthesis Reactions. Photosynthesis Reactions Photosynthesis Reactions Photosynthesis occurs in two stages linked by ATP and NADPH NADPH is similar to NADH seen in mitochondria; it is an electron/hydrogen carrier The complete process of photosynthesis

More information

Photosynthesis Chapter 8 E N E R G Y T O M A K E F O O D?

Photosynthesis Chapter 8 E N E R G Y T O M A K E F O O D? Photosynthesis Chapter 8 H O W D O E S T H E P L A N T U S E T H E S U N S E N E R G Y T O M A K E F O O D? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pe82qtkssh4 Autotroph vs. Heterotroph Autotrophs/Producers-organisms

More information

A. Definition of biology - Biology is the study of life.

A. Definition of biology - Biology is the study of life. Introduction to Biology and Chemistry Outline I. Introduction to biology A. Definition of biology - Biology is the study of life. B. Characteristics of Life 1. Form and size are characteristic. e.g. A

More information

APh/BE161: Physical Biology of the Cell Winter 2009 Recap on Photosynthesis Rob Phillips

APh/BE161: Physical Biology of the Cell Winter 2009 Recap on Photosynthesis Rob Phillips APh/BE161: Physical Biology of the Cell Winter 2009 Recap on Photosynthesis Rob Phillips Big picture: why are we doing this? A) photosynthesis will explain shortly, b) more generally, interaction of light

More information

Review of the Cell and Its Organelles

Review of the Cell and Its Organelles Biology Learning Centre Review of the Cell and Its Organelles Tips for most effective learning of this material: Memorize the names and structures over several days. This will help you retain what you

More information

Lecture 7 Outline (Ch. 10)

Lecture 7 Outline (Ch. 10) Lecture 7 Outline (Ch. 10) I. Photosynthesis overview A. Purpose B. Location II. The light vs. the dark reaction III. Chloroplasts pigments A. Light absorption B. Types IV. Light reactions A. Photosystems

More information

Conditionals: (Coding with Cards)

Conditionals: (Coding with Cards) 10 LESSON NAME: Conditionals: (Coding with Cards) Lesson time: 45 60 Minutes : Prep time: 2 Minutes Main Goal: This lesson will introduce conditionals, especially as they pertain to loops and if statements.

More information

Like The Guy From Krypton Photosynthesis: Energy from Sunlight What Is Photosynthesis?

Like The Guy From Krypton Photosynthesis: Energy from Sunlight What Is Photosynthesis? Like The Guy From Krypton Photosynthesis: Energy from Sunlight What Is Photosynthesis? Photosynthesis: synthesis from light The broad outline: Plants take in CO 2 and release water and O 2 Light is required

More information

Photosynthesis Part I: Overview & The Light-Dependent Reactions

Photosynthesis Part I: Overview & The Light-Dependent Reactions Photosynthesis Part I: Overview & The Light-Dependent Reactions Photosynthesis: The BIG Picture Photosynthesis is the process by which PHOTOAUTOTROPHS convert the energy in SUNLIGHT into the energy stored

More information

Investigating cells. Cells are the basic units of living things (this means that all living things are made up of one or more cells).

Investigating cells. Cells are the basic units of living things (this means that all living things are made up of one or more cells). SG Biology Summary notes Investigating cells Sub-topic a: Investigating living cells Cells are the basic units of living things (this means that all living things are made up of one or more cells). Cells

More information

MAIN SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR LIFE ON EARTH? THE SUN!!

MAIN SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR LIFE ON EARTH? THE SUN!! MAIN SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR LIFE ON EARTH? THE SUN!! THE BASICS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS Almost all plants are photosynthetic autotrophs, as are some bacteria and protists Autotrophs generate their own organic

More information

BINGO TRAINING. Last Updated August 2014

BINGO TRAINING. Last Updated August 2014 BINGO TRAINING Last Updated August 2014 Overview The Weekly Sunday Bingo at St John s is by far our greatest money maker. For the 2013-2014 Year, we made close to $225,000 in profit from Bingo. This effort

More information

Solution problem 13: Absorption of Light by Molecules

Solution problem 13: Absorption of Light by Molecules Solution problem 13: Absorption of Light by Molecules 13.1 A = εcd = 1.5 10 5 mol -1 L cm -1 4 10-6 mol L -1 10-4 cm = 6 10-5 Since A = log(p 0 /P), the ratio P/P 0 is 0.999862. This is the percentage

More information

CHAPTER 3 THE CHEMISTRY OF ORGANIC MOLECULES

CHAPTER 3 THE CHEMISTRY OF ORGANIC MOLECULES CHAPTER 3 THE CHEMISTRY OF ORGANIC MOLECULES 3.1 Organic Molecules The chemistry of carbon accounts for the diversity of organic molecules found in living things. Carbon has six electrons, four of which

More information

Photosynthesis January 23 Feb 1, 2013 WARM-UP JAN 23/24. Mr. Stephens, IB Biology III 1

Photosynthesis January 23 Feb 1, 2013 WARM-UP JAN 23/24. Mr. Stephens, IB Biology III 1 WARM-UP JAN 23/24 Mr. Stephens, IB Biology III 1 Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration What is the connection between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration? Energy Production Inorganic Molecules Specialized

More information

How to Play. Player vs. Dealer

How to Play. Player vs. Dealer How to Play You receive five cards to make your best four-card poker hand. A four-card Straight is a Straight, a four-card Flush is a Flush, etc. Player vs. Dealer Make equal bets on the Ante and Super

More information

Chapter 4, Lesson 4: Energy Levels, Electrons, and Covalent Bonding

Chapter 4, Lesson 4: Energy Levels, Electrons, and Covalent Bonding Chapter 4, Lesson 4: Energy Levels, Electrons, and Covalent Bonding Key Concepts The electrons on the outermost energy level of the atom are called valence electrons. The valence electrons are involved

More information

CHAPTER 6: PHOTOSYNTHESIS CAPTURING & CONVERTING ENERGY

CHAPTER 6: PHOTOSYNTHESIS CAPTURING & CONVERTING ENERGY CHAPTER 6: PHOTOSYNTHESIS CAPTURING & CONVERTING ENERGY 2 PROCESSES OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis is actually 2 processes: light reactions - convert solar energy (sunlight) to chemical energy (ATP &

More information

make a model Roman Villa Supported by bbc.co.uk/history

make a model Roman Villa Supported by bbc.co.uk/history make a model Roman Villa Make a model Roman villa with under-floor heating! Supported by 4 hours This activity is great for an extended holiday project for children or the whole family. You can each take

More information

Meeting the requirements of the Care Certificate is a challenge for all employers of health and social care support workers.

Meeting the requirements of the Care Certificate is a challenge for all employers of health and social care support workers. Contents Each game kit contains: 1 x Game Board 1 x 60 second Timer 1 x Dice 53 Yellow & 53 Red Tokens 2 x Player Counters 106 Care Certificate Question Cards Introduction Meeting the requirements of the

More information

7.2 Cells: A Look Inside

7.2 Cells: A Look Inside CHAPTER 7 CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION 7.2 Cells: A Look Inside Imagine a factory that makes thousands of cookies a day. Ingredients come into the factory, get mixed and baked, then the cookies are packaged.

More information

I N V E S T I C E D O R O Z V O J E V Z D Ě L Á V Á N Í ENZYMES

I N V E S T I C E D O R O Z V O J E V Z D Ě L Á V Á N Í ENZYMES = substances that... biological reactions 1. Provide an alternative reaction route which has a lower... energy 2. Reactions catalysed by enzymes occur under mild conditions + good yield + fast 3. Enzymes

More information

Immunology Ambassador Guide (updated 2014)

Immunology Ambassador Guide (updated 2014) Immunology Ambassador Guide (updated 2014) Immunity and Disease We will talk today about the immune system and how it protects us from disease. Also, we ll learn some unique ways that our immune system

More information

MA 1125 Lecture 14 - Expected Values. Friday, February 28, 2014. Objectives: Introduce expected values.

MA 1125 Lecture 14 - Expected Values. Friday, February 28, 2014. Objectives: Introduce expected values. MA 5 Lecture 4 - Expected Values Friday, February 2, 24. Objectives: Introduce expected values.. Means, Variances, and Standard Deviations of Probability Distributions Two classes ago, we computed the

More information

Third Grade Math Games

Third Grade Math Games Third Grade Math Games Unit 1 Lesson Less than You! 1.3 Addition Top-It 1.4 Name That Number 1.6 Beat the Calculator (Addition) 1.8 Buyer & Vendor Game 1.9 Tic-Tac-Toe Addition 1.11 Unit 2 What s My Rule?

More information

Cellular Respiration. Chapter Outline. Before You Begin

Cellular Respiration. Chapter Outline. Before You Begin 8 Cellular Respiration Triathlete racing past photosynthesizing trees and vegetation. A triathlete racing a bike, a bacterium with undulating flagella, an ocelot climbing a tree, or a snail moving slowly

More information

How to see the market context using CCI Written by Buzz

How to see the market context using CCI Written by Buzz How to see the market context using CCI Written by Buzz Towards the end of September 2003, I decided to stop trading the S&P e-mini for a while and focus on the Russell 2000 e-mini. The swings seemed to

More information

Instructions. Tic, Tac, Toe Take turns placing a piece down. The first player to get 3 in a row (up, down or diagonally) wins!

Instructions. Tic, Tac, Toe Take turns placing a piece down. The first player to get 3 in a row (up, down or diagonally) wins! Thank you so much for downloading my Superhero unit. I hope you have lots of fun using it with your children. Please note that this unit is for your PERSONAL use only! That means that your may use it with

More information

Question. Which of the following are necessary in order for photosynthesis to occur? A. water B. light energy C. carbon dioxide D.

Question. Which of the following are necessary in order for photosynthesis to occur? A. water B. light energy C. carbon dioxide D. Photosynthesis is the process through which plants convert light energy to chemical energy in order to produce food The energy involved in photosynthesis is eventually stored in the chemical bonds of molecules

More information

2007 7.013 Problem Set 1 KEY

2007 7.013 Problem Set 1 KEY 2007 7.013 Problem Set 1 KEY Due before 5 PM on FRIDAY, February 16, 2007. Turn answers in to the box outside of 68-120. PLEASE WRITE YOUR ANSWERS ON THIS PRINTOUT. 1. Where in a eukaryotic cell do you

More information